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Study sets matching "language pathology neurology"

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Study sets matching "language pathology neurology"

61 terms
Neurological impacts/Medical speech language pathology
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of the nerves outside the skull and spinal column
controls and regulates the internal environment
nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
central nervous system
made up of the brain and spinal cord
44 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Type of degeneration occurring in axon…
Causes: over activation of glutamate r…
Most important histopathological indic…
Astrocytes; hypertrophy and hyperplasi…
Anterograde (distal from site of injury)
Hypoxic damage to neurons
Gliosis
Gliosis
Type of degeneration occurring in axon…
Anterograde (distal from site of injury)
Causes: over activation of glutamate r…
Hypoxic damage to neurons
84 terms
Neurology - Pathology
NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS
Anencephaly
Spina bifida
CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT STENOSIS
Arise from incomplete closure of the neural tube. Neural plat…
absence of the skull and brain (disruption of the cranial end…
Failure of the posterior vertebral arch to close, resulting i…
Congenital stenosis ofthe channel that drains cerebrospinal f…
NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS
Arise from incomplete closure of the neural tube. Neural plat…
Anencephaly
absence of the skull and brain (disruption of the cranial end…
87 terms
Neurology-Pathology
neural tube defect
Chiari II
Dandy Walker
syringomyelia
neuropores fail to fuse-4th wk... persistent connection between…
herniation of cerebellar tonsils and vermis thru foramen magn…
agenesis of cerebellar vermis w/ cystic enlargment of 4th ven…
cystic cavity w/in spinal cord... ant apinal commissural fibers…
neural tube defect
neuropores fail to fuse-4th wk... persistent connection between…
Chiari II
herniation of cerebellar tonsils and vermis thru foramen magn…
47 terms
Neurology - Pathology
What kind of dementia are people with…
Familial form (10%) of AD associated w…
Alzheimer's Gross findings
Alzheimer's Histologic findings
Alzheimer's
ApoE2: ↓ risk... ApoE4: ↑ risk... APP, presenilin-1 (chromosome 1…
Widespread cortical atrophy. Narrow of gyri and widening of s…
↓ ACh... Senile plaques in gray matter (where neuron cell bodi…
What kind of dementia are people with…
Alzheimer's
Familial form (10%) of AD associated w…
ApoE2: ↓ risk... ApoE4: ↑ risk... APP, presenilin-1 (chromosome 1…
17 terms
Neurology - Pathology
rapidly progressive neuro symptoms and…
peripheral neuropathy, developmental d…
Central and peripheral neuropathy with…
Lower extremity weakness, sensory defi…
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis... multifocal PERIVENTRICU…
Krabbe's (AR)... Galactocerebroside and PSYCHOSINE acumulate in…
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (AR)... deficiency in Arylsulfatas…
Charcot Marie Tooth (AD)... aka hereditary motor and sensory neu…
rapidly progressive neuro symptoms and…
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis... multifocal PERIVENTRICU…
peripheral neuropathy, developmental d…
Krabbe's (AR)... Galactocerebroside and PSYCHOSINE acumulate in…
60 terms
Neurology Pathology
Anencephaly
Holoprosencephaly
Chiari II Malformation
Dandy Walker Syndrome
Malformation of anterior neural tube... No Forebrain... Increased A…
Failure of left and right hemispheres to separate... Cleft lip/p…
Herniation of low-lying cerebellar vermis through foramen mag…
Agenesis of cerebellar vermis with cystic enlargement of 4th…
Anencephaly
Malformation of anterior neural tube... No Forebrain... Increased A…
Holoprosencephaly
Failure of left and right hemispheres to separate... Cleft lip/p…
123 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Dementia
Diseases causing dementia
Alzheimer disease
Alzheimer disease ... --- associated with…
↓ in cognitive ability, memory, or function with intact consc…
Alzheimer's ... Frontotemporal dementia... Lew body dementia ... Vascu…
Most common cause of dementia in elderly... Down syndrome patie…
ApoE2: ↓ risk of sporadic form... ... ApoE4: ↑ risk of sporadic fo…
Dementia
↓ in cognitive ability, memory, or function with intact consc…
Diseases causing dementia
Alzheimer's ... Frontotemporal dementia... Lew body dementia ... Vascu…
31 terms
neurology pathology +
multiple sclerosis
multiple sclerosis
nitric oxide found in
schwannomas
multiple sclerosis - decreased saltatory conduction - demyeli…
within the plague loss of myelin sheaths , depletion of oligo…
cortex , hippocampus , cerebellum , olfactory system (formati…
are biphasic (antoni A antoni B ) s-100 positive (melanoma) n…
multiple sclerosis
multiple sclerosis - decreased saltatory conduction - demyeli…
multiple sclerosis
within the plague loss of myelin sheaths , depletion of oligo…
10 terms
Neurological Pathology
Alzheimer's disease, cortical atrophy…
Alzheimer's Disease, neuritic plaques…
Alzheimer's Disease, neuritic plaque w…
Alzheimer's Disease, neuritic plaque w…
What is the disease and why?
Which structures are shown in the image, and which disease do…
Which structures are shown in the image, and which disease do…
Which structures are shown in the image, and which disease do…
Alzheimer's disease, cortical atrophy…
What is the disease and why?
Alzheimer's Disease, neuritic plaques…
Which structures are shown in the image, and which disease do…
50 terms
Neurology: pathology
A
Phas
Ia
Sthenia
Without
Speech
Condition
Condition of strength
A
Without
Phas
Speech
72 terms
pathology neurology
What is a Neurologist mainly concerned…
what is the general research from neur…
what complaints are satiated with the…
or the complaints associated with creb…
Awareness: sub:.... Cognitive behaviour disorders.... Profiel and c…
cranial nerves.... Automatic system.... Neurovascular system.... Refle…
emotions, hearing, vision, personality and much more. ... short…
coordination tremor in intentional movements dysdiadochokines…
What is a Neurologist mainly concerned…
Awareness: sub:.... Cognitive behaviour disorders.... Profiel and c…
what is the general research from neur…
cranial nerves.... Automatic system.... Neurovascular system.... Refle…
12 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Huntington disease
myasthenia gravis
palsy
Tourette syndrome
Hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cer…
Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness (…
Paralysis
Involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements; uncontrollable v…
Huntington disease
Hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cer…
myasthenia gravis
Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness (…
54 terms
Neurology Pathology
Tension Headache
Cluster Headache
Cluster Headache Pathophysiology
Migraine Headache
= Most common cause of chronic recurring head pain... EPISODIC:…
= Severe unilateral temporal/periorbital H/A which occur @sam…
: Aberrant activation of the hypothalamus & trigeminal autono…
= sever unilateral -or- bilateral H/A ... MAY have an aura... MAY h…
Tension Headache
= Most common cause of chronic recurring head pain... EPISODIC:…
Cluster Headache
= Severe unilateral temporal/periorbital H/A which occur @sam…
15 terms
Neurology pathology
Amnesia
Aphasia
Asthenia
Athetosis
Loss of memory
Impairment of speech
Neuromuscular weakness
Involuntary movements of limbs
Amnesia
Loss of memory
Aphasia
Impairment of speech
61 terms
Neurological impacts/Medical speech language pathology good for COMPs
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of the nerves outside the skull and spinal column
controls and regulates the internal environment
nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
central nervous system
made up of the brain and spinal cord
61 terms
Neurological impacts/Medical speech language pathology good for COMPs
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of the nerves outside the skull and spinal column
controls and regulates the internal environment
nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
central nervous system
made up of the brain and spinal cord
30 terms
Neurology Pathology
Excruciating periorbital pain with lac…
Campylobacter and viruses can lead to
What is the main target of guillain ba…
What is another name for Sturge-Weber…
Cluster headaches
Guillain barre- acute inflammatory demyelinating poly radicul…
peripheral myelin from schwann cells
encephalo-trigeminal angiomatosis
Excruciating periorbital pain with lac…
Cluster headaches
Campylobacter and viruses can lead to
Guillain barre- acute inflammatory demyelinating poly radicul…
47 terms
Neurology pathology
Vascular malformation/Berry Aneurysm
Hypertensive Encephalopathy
Spinal cord vascular lesions
Increased intracranial Pressure
- AVM = Congenital, may occur anywhere, cause chronic HA ... - B…
- Diastolic pressure over 120. Grade 4 retinal changes... - Conf…
- various neurologic deficits can be caused by vascular compr…
- Leads to papilledema (swelling of disk) & brian herniation
Vascular malformation/Berry Aneurysm
- AVM = Congenital, may occur anywhere, cause chronic HA ... - B…
Hypertensive Encephalopathy
- Diastolic pressure over 120. Grade 4 retinal changes... - Conf…
82 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Acalcula
Ageusia
Paraguesia
Agnosia
Inability to perform mathematical calculations.
Inability to taste.
Abnormal sense of taste or bad taste in mouth.
Inability to recognize objects. ... * Visually, auditorially, or…
Acalcula
Inability to perform mathematical calculations.
Ageusia
Inability to taste.
42 terms
Neurology Pathology
Amnesia
Anencephaly
Aphasia
Expressive aphasia
Total or partial loss of memory of recent or remote experiences
Rare congenital condition in which some or all of the cranium…
Loss of the ability to communicate verbally or in writing; di…
Inability to verbally express thoughts; difficulty speaking c…
Amnesia
Total or partial loss of memory of recent or remote experiences
Anencephaly
Rare congenital condition in which some or all of the cranium…
53 terms
Neurology Pathology
Epilepsy
Causes of Seizures
Seizures may be triggered by...
Epilepsy S&S
a disorder characterized by the tendency to have recurring se…
- epilepsy ... - brain injury at birth ... - idiopathic ... - poisonin…
- repetitive sounds ... - flashing lights ... - video games ... - touc…
- variable presentation ... trance like state... convulsions... - aura…
Epilepsy
a disorder characterized by the tendency to have recurring se…
Causes of Seizures
- epilepsy ... - brain injury at birth ... - idiopathic ... - poisonin…
50 terms
Pathology-Neurology
Four major causes of Cerebral Infarcts
Intracranial hemorrhages
EpIdural hematoma
Subdural hematoma
Thrombosis, Embolism, Hypotension, Hypertension
Epidural, subdural, subarachnoid, intracerebral
mIddle meningeal artery rupture
bridging veins, shaken baby syndrome
Four major causes of Cerebral Infarcts
Thrombosis, Embolism, Hypotension, Hypertension
Intracranial hemorrhages
Epidural, subdural, subarachnoid, intracerebral
216 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Widespread cortical atrophy... Narrowing…
Familial form of AD associated with wh…
Caudate degeneration markedly ... Putamen…
Medial longituidinal fasiculus?
Alzheimer disease
ApoE2 : decreased risk... ApoE4: increased risk... APP, presenilin-…
Huntington disease... (plus choreoathetosis and dementia)
Pair of tracts that allows for crosstalk between CN VI and CN…
Widespread cortical atrophy... Narrowing…
Alzheimer disease
Familial form of AD associated with wh…
ApoE2 : decreased risk... ApoE4: increased risk... APP, presenilin-…
75 terms
Neurology: Pathology
Amnesia
Aphasia
Asthenia
athetosis
loss of memory... caused by brain damage or severe emotional tra…
lack of impairment of speech
neuromuscular weakness
continuous, slow, involuntary movement of extremities
Amnesia
loss of memory... caused by brain damage or severe emotional tra…
Aphasia
lack of impairment of speech
35 terms
Neurology Pathology
what is the treatment for multiple scl…
acute inflammatory
what drug increases the risk of PML?
acute disseminated (postinfectious) en…
beta interferon, immunosuppresion, natalizumab. symptomatic t…
...
natalizumab
multifocal perivenular inflammation and demyelination after i…
what is the treatment for multiple scl…
beta interferon, immunosuppresion, natalizumab. symptomatic t…
acute inflammatory
...
64 terms
Neurology Pathologies
Cerebral palsy
CP Classification
Congenital cerebral palsy
Acquired cerebral palsy
A disorder of posture and movement 2` damage to the immature…
3 ways: distribution of involvement, abnormal muscle tone/mov…
before birth or during the birth process
after birth, up to 3 years of age
Cerebral palsy
A disorder of posture and movement 2` damage to the immature…
CP Classification
3 ways: distribution of involvement, abnormal muscle tone/mov…
314 terms
Neurology-Pathology
What clinical findings of ALS are cons…
What is the clinical presentation of A…
What is the pharmacological treatment…
Which spinal cord tract is damaged in…
Symmetric atrophy, fasciculation of muscles (lower motor neur…
Symmetric atrophy, fasciculation of muscles (lower motor neur…
"- Mostly supportive care (pain control, intubation by trache…
Atrophy of lateral corticospinal tracts
What clinical findings of ALS are cons…
Symmetric atrophy, fasciculation of muscles (lower motor neur…
What is the clinical presentation of A…
Symmetric atrophy, fasciculation of muscles (lower motor neur…
Pathology (Neurology)
CNS Physiology ... - How dependent on blo…
Space occupying lesions ... - Can be caus…
Increased intracranial pressure (ICP)…
Types of hydrocephalus ... - Communicatin…
- No reserve of oxygen or glucose so highly dependent on arte…
Can be non-neoplastic or neoplastic... - Non-neoplastic: inflamm…
Can be caused by... - Increased volume of CSF: such as hydroceph…
- Communicating: occurs when there is impaired CSF reabsorpti…
CNS Physiology ... - How dependent on blo…
- No reserve of oxygen or glucose so highly dependent on arte…
Space occupying lesions ... - Can be caus…
Can be non-neoplastic or neoplastic... - Non-neoplastic: inflamm…
46 terms
NeurologyPathology
A
Phas
Ia
Sthenia
Without
Speech
Condition
Condition of strength
A
Without
Phas
Speech
25 terms
Neurologic Pathologies
Alzheimer disease
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
attention deficit hyperactivity disord…
autism
progressive disease that causes mental deterioration
causes degeneration and demyelination of motor neurons; leads…
person displays inattentiveness, hyperactivity, impulsivity,…
condition present in early childhood; person has difficulty c…
Alzheimer disease
progressive disease that causes mental deterioration
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
causes degeneration and demyelination of motor neurons; leads…
70 terms
Neurological Pathology
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Four types of MS
Relapsing - Remitting MS
Primary - Progressive MS
- neurodegenetive, lifelong chronic disease... - gradual accumul…
1. relapsing - remitting... 2. primary - progressive... 3. secondar…
- cyclic episodes of worsening neurological functions followe…
- gradually worsening neurological function without distinct…
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- neurodegenetive, lifelong chronic disease... - gradual accumul…
Four types of MS
1. relapsing - remitting... 2. primary - progressive... 3. secondar…
45 terms
Neurology of Language
Linguistics
linguistic definition of language
From Ferdinand de Saussure's Course in…
Signifier
scientific study of language
a symbolic system where one thing stands for another
Signifier vs signified
Sound or word
Linguistics
scientific study of language
linguistic definition of language
a symbolic system where one thing stands for another
27 terms
Neurological Pathology
Chronic pain
intermittent chronic pain
persistent chronic pain
2 types of neuropathic pain
3-6 months of persistent pain related to tissue damage
chronic migraines
lower back pain
1. hyperalgesia-exaggerated pain perception 2. allodynia-perc…
Chronic pain
3-6 months of persistent pain related to tissue damage
intermittent chronic pain
chronic migraines
28 terms
Neurologic pathologies
Spina bifida
Cerebral palsy
ADHD
Autism
A group of congenital neural tube defects characterized by fa…
A group of motor disorders caused by brain damage that occurr…
Behavior associated with inattentiveness, hyperactivity, impu…
A condition present in early childhood. Difficulty communicat…
Spina bifida
A group of congenital neural tube defects characterized by fa…
Cerebral palsy
A group of motor disorders caused by brain damage that occurr…
60 terms
Neurological Pathologies
The components of the brain
Methods of assessing neuro complications
The brain stem and the thalamus controls
ICP
10% cerebrospinal fluid... 12% intravascular blood... 78% brain tis…
Pupil dilation... Level of consciousness... Breathing rate... Startlin…
Body temperature and breathing alteration
Intracranial pressure
The components of the brain
10% cerebrospinal fluid... 12% intravascular blood... 78% brain tis…
Methods of assessing neuro complications
Pupil dilation... Level of consciousness... Breathing rate... Startlin…
7 terms
Neurologic Pathologies
Dementia
Alzheimer
Frontotemporal dementia
Lewy body dementia (HaLEWYcinations)
A dec in cognitive ability, memory, or function w intact cons…
Most common in elderly.... Down synd pats have inc risk of deve…
Dementia, aphasia, parkinsonian aspects, changes in personali…
Initially dementia and visual hallucinations follwed by parki…
Dementia
A dec in cognitive ability, memory, or function w intact cons…
Alzheimer
Most common in elderly.... Down synd pats have inc risk of deve…
12 terms
Neurologic Pathologies
Alzheimer disease
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
Autism
Neurodegenerative disease that affects thinking, memory, and…
Degeneration and demyelination of motor neurons that lead to…
Disorder associated with inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and/…
Condition present in early childhood characterized by difficu…
Alzheimer disease
Neurodegenerative disease that affects thinking, memory, and…
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Degeneration and demyelination of motor neurons that lead to…
40 terms
Neurological Pathology
What regulates sleep?
What regulates the circadian rhythm?
What occurs during the 3rd NON-REM sta…
What occurs during REM sleep?
Circadian rhythm that regulates suprachiastmiatc nucleus (SCN…
Environment
Delta waves - deepest non REM sleep... - bedwetting, night terro…
Loss of motor tone, increased brain O2 use, pulse, and BP, ge…
What regulates sleep?
Circadian rhythm that regulates suprachiastmiatc nucleus (SCN…
What regulates the circadian rhythm?
Environment
31 terms
Neurological-Pathology
What is the most common cause of infan…
Infection with Clostridium botulinum i…
What microbe causes Lyme disease
a patient comes in with fever, nausea,…
E. Coli
Flaccid paralysis
Borrelia burgdorferi (in the americas) and Borrelia afzeli an…
Neisseria meningitidis
What is the most common cause of infan…
E. Coli
Infection with Clostridium botulinum i…
Flaccid paralysis
43 terms
Neurological Pathologies
duchenne muscular dystrophy
duchenne muscular dystrophy
duchenne muscular dystrophy
normal
Anatomy/physiology affected:... -muscle, accumulation of dystrop…
Diagnosis:... -seen in young boys, proximal to distal MOTOR prob…
Observation:... -proximal-to-distal problems ... -Gowers manuever…
Sensation exam: duchenne muscular dystrophy
duchenne muscular dystrophy
Anatomy/physiology affected:... -muscle, accumulation of dystrop…
duchenne muscular dystrophy
Diagnosis:... -seen in young boys, proximal to distal MOTOR prob…
16 terms
Block 6 - Neurology - Pathology
Organ - Brain (specifically temporal l…
Organ - Brain... Pathology - Glioblastoma…
Organ - Brain (specifically, cerebellu…
Organ - Brain... Pathology - Arteriovenou…
Organ?... Pathology?... Treatment?
Organ?... Pathology?... Histological features?
Organ?... Pathology?... Secondary pathological features?
Organ?... Pathology?
Organ - Brain (specifically temporal l…
Organ?... Pathology?... Treatment?
Organ - Brain... Pathology - Glioblastoma…
Organ?... Pathology?... Histological features?
82 terms
Neurology - pathology and drugs
Chromosomes and proteins associated wi…
Histologically findings for Alzhimers
Dementia and aphasia, Parkinson sympto…
Dementia and hallucinations, syncope a…
Chromosome 21 - app... Chromosome 19 - Apoe4... Chromosome 14 - pre…
Neurofibrillary tangles - intracellular hyperphosphorylated T…
Frontotemporal dementia (Picks)... - spherical tau proteins intr…
Lewi body dementia... - alpha synucluein found in neurons of cor…
Chromosomes and proteins associated wi…
Chromosome 21 - app... Chromosome 19 - Apoe4... Chromosome 14 - pre…
Histologically findings for Alzhimers
Neurofibrillary tangles - intracellular hyperphosphorylated T…
27 terms
Pathology--Neurology (CNS tumor!!)
type of cells in the brain
types of brain tumors in adult (cell o…
primary tumors in adult
characteristic of gliobastoma multiform
1. astrocytes... 2. neuroectoderm... 3. meningothelial cells... 4. epe…
astrocytes (both adult and children)... oligodendrocytes... arachno…
astrocytes-->gliobastoma multiforme (malignant)... arachnoid cel…
mc adult primary tumor... cross the midline (corpus callosum)
type of cells in the brain
1. astrocytes... 2. neuroectoderm... 3. meningothelial cells... 4. epe…
types of brain tumors in adult (cell o…
astrocytes (both adult and children)... oligodendrocytes... arachno…
37 terms
Speech Pathology Neurology
Basal ganglia
Limbic Lobe
Wernicke's Area
Heschl's Gyrus
a) Regulates involuntary movements... b) Inhibits undesired move…
emotions, instinctual drives
interprets sensory information from the ear: auditory percept…
receives neurological impulses from the ear: sensation
Basal ganglia
a) Regulates involuntary movements... b) Inhibits undesired move…
Limbic Lobe
emotions, instinctual drives
21 terms
language of neurology
neuraxis
rostral
caudal
anterior
imaginary line through the length of the CNS- from the spine…
toward the nose and mouth
toward the tail
front/ top end (head)
neuraxis
imaginary line through the length of the CNS- from the spine…
rostral
toward the nose and mouth
38 terms
Pathology--Pathology of Neurological System
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit
Stroke
Causes of Ischemic stroke
-Mini stroke... -Reversible damage caused by transient thromboem…
"minor stroke" infarct lasting 24-72 hours... -resolves within 3…
-Neurological deficit from infarct lasting beyond 24 hours an…
-Thrombus in brain vessel... -Emoblism... -Systemic hypofusion... -dur…
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
-Mini stroke... -Reversible damage caused by transient thromboem…
Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit
"minor stroke" infarct lasting 24-72 hours... -resolves within 3…
13 terms
Neurology of Language
Language
Auditory Comprehension of Language
Visual Comprehension of Language (Read…
Oral Production of Language
a generative and dynamic code containing universal characteri…
1. Cochlea to cochlear nuclear complex (CNC) via cranial nerv…
1. Eyes to lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of thalamus via o…
1. Decision to speak formed in prefrontal cortex.... 2. Decision…
Language
a generative and dynamic code containing universal characteri…
Auditory Comprehension of Language
1. Cochlea to cochlear nuclear complex (CNC) via cranial nerv…
25 terms
Neurology of Language
Language Localization
Broca's Area
Wernike's Area
Broca's Aphasia
In LEFT HEMISPHERE
Language Expression in Frontal Lobe
Language Comprehension in Temporal Lobe
Primary Expressive Aphasia, nonfluent speech, difficulty repe…
Language Localization
In LEFT HEMISPHERE
Broca's Area
Language Expression in Frontal Lobe
68 terms
Neurology Opthalmology and Pathology
Cataract
Open Angle Glaucoma
Chronic Narrow Angle Glaucoma
Narrow Angle Glaucoma
RF: increased age, smoking, ETOH, excessive sunlight, prolong…
Associated with: increased age, AA rase, family hx... -Painless…
Asx with damage to optic nerve and peripheral vision
Primary etiology - enlargement or forward movement of lens ag…
Cataract
RF: increased age, smoking, ETOH, excessive sunlight, prolong…
Open Angle Glaucoma
Associated with: increased age, AA rase, family hx... -Painless…
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