Study sets matching "law chapter 11 justice"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 11 justice"

14 terms
Law and Justice: Chapter 11&12
Infancy
intoxication
insanity
entrapment
children under a certain age are not tried, but are sent to j…
-drunk or high, didn't know what they were doing... - no valid d…
people who have a mental disorder should not be convicted if…
claims they were induced or persuaded by law enforcement to c…
Infancy
children under a certain age are not tried, but are sent to j…
intoxication
-drunk or high, didn't know what they were doing... - no valid d…
Chapter 11.2 equal justice under law
1st amend
5th amend
13th amend
14th amend
Freedom of speech, press, religion (1791)
Grand jury indictment, double jeopardy: protection from self…
Banned slavery (1865)
Citizenship for everyone born in the U.S./ naturalization= eq…
1st amend
Freedom of speech, press, religion (1791)
5th amend
Grand jury indictment, double jeopardy: protection from self…
20 terms
Chapter 11 - Complying with Workplace Justice Laws
workplace justice laws
sexual harassment
Quid pro quo
hostile environment
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
a form of sexual harassment in which victims are required to…
A form of sexual harassment in which victims are subjected to…
workplace justice laws
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
sexual harassment
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
police discretion
discrimination
disparity
racial profiling
freedom of an agency or individual officer to choose to act o…
showing a preference in treating individuals or groups or fai…
a simple difference, not necessarily caused by any kind of bias
any police-initiated action that relies on the race, ethnicit…
police discretion
freedom of an agency or individual officer to choose to act o…
discrimination
showing a preference in treating individuals or groups or fai…
20 terms
Chapter 11 - Complying with Workplace Justice Laws
workplace justice laws
sexual harassment
Quid pro quo
hostile environment
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
a form of sexual harassment in which victims are required to…
A form of sexual harassment in which victims are subjected to…
workplace justice laws
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
sexual harassment
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
16 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 11
Brutalization effect
Chivalry hypothesis
Concurrent sentences
Consecutive sentences
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served simult…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served one af…
Brutalization effect
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
Chivalry hypothesis
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
31 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Sentencing
Retribution
Just Deserts
Incapactiation
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority.
The act of taking revenge upon a criminal perpetrator.
A model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
Sentencing
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority.
Retribution
The act of taking revenge upon a criminal perpetrator.
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Objectives of "Official" or State Spon…
Humiliation/Shame
Wergild Compensation
Corporal Punishment
-To provide a consequence for undesirable behavior... -To provid…
gag, bridle, ducking stool, stocks and pillories, branding, w…
germanic tribes developed a system of monetary fines to reduc…
until the 1700's, this was the most frequently used punishmen…
Objectives of "Official" or State Spon…
-To provide a consequence for undesirable behavior... -To provid…
Humiliation/Shame
gag, bridle, ducking stool, stocks and pillories, branding, w…
Chapter 11 - Criminal Justice
penitentiary
separate confinement
congregate system
medical model
an early form of correctional facility that emphasized separa…
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in Pennsyl…
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in New Yor…
a model of corrections in which the psychological and biologi…
penitentiary
an early form of correctional facility that emphasized separa…
separate confinement
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in Pennsyl…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
separate-and-silent system
congregate-and-silent system
marks-of-commendation system
specific deterrence
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's easter st…
sale of control pioneered by the auburn system, in which inma…
incarceration philosophe developed by Alexander Maconochie in…
method of control in which an offender is presented from comm…
separate-and-silent system
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's easter st…
congregate-and-silent system
sale of control pioneered by the auburn system, in which inma…
5 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
custodial model
rehabilitation model
reintegration model
inmate code
a model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
a model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
model of correctional institution that emphasizes maintaining…
the values and norms of the prison social system that define…
custodial model
a model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
rehabilitation model
a model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
10 terms
Chapter 2: Justice and The Law
Distributive Justice
Retributive Justice
Substantive Law
Procedural Law
How a political entity distributes resources to it's members.
How a society determines guilt/innocence.
Places limits on individual's actions.
Places limits on the agents of the state as the enforce subst…
Distributive Justice
How a political entity distributes resources to it's members.
Retributive Justice
How a society determines guilt/innocence.
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Classification
Custodial Model
Inmate Code
Rehabilitation Model
The Process of assigning an inmate to a category specifying h…
A model of incarceration that emphasized security, discipline…
The Values and norms of the prison social system that define…
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
Classification
The Process of assigning an inmate to a category specifying h…
Custodial Model
A model of incarceration that emphasized security, discipline…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
Hulks
Walnut Street Jail
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
Abandoned ships anchored in harbors and used in eighteenth-ce…
An eighteenth-century institution that housed convicted crimi…
Prison
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
15 terms
Street Law Chapter 11
Arson
Vandalism
Larency
Shoplifting
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of anot…
the crime of taking items from a store without paying or inte…
Arson
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
Vandalism
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
Law and Justice (11-20)
Civil Law
Civil Matters
Closing Argument
Compensate
All areas of the law except those involving crimes
Matters or cases pertaining to the private rights of people
Summary remarks made to the jury by attorneys for both sides…
To make amends; to give something in place for something whic…
Civil Law
All areas of the law except those involving crimes
Civil Matters
Matters or cases pertaining to the private rights of people
Law 12 Chapter 11
Plaintiff
Defendant
Tort Law
Family Law
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
injuries or harm created by one person to another's body, rep…
personal disputes that involve marriage, divorce, child custo…
Plaintiff
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
Defendant
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
20 terms
Chapter 3-Justice and Law
civil disobedience
corrective justice
distributive justice
due process
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
Justice that concerns what measurement should be used to allo…
Constitutionally mandated procedural steps designed to elimin…
civil disobedience
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
corrective justice
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
34 terms
Chapter 11 - Justice
Integrated theories
Integrated theories can be achieved by
Systematic reductionism
Theories may be synthesized in 3 ways
merging 2 or more traditional theories into one cohesive model
combining aspects that have been empirically supported or del…
criminology field has been dominated by sociology
1. End to end... 2. Side by side... 3. Up and down
Integrated theories
merging 2 or more traditional theories into one cohesive model
Integrated theories can be achieved by
combining aspects that have been empirically supported or del…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11: Sentencing
Sentencing
Retribution
Just Deserts
Incapacitation
the imposition of criminal sanction by judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator; primary…
get what you deserve; a model of sentencing which holds that…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
Sentencing
the imposition of criminal sanction by judicial authority
Retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator; primary…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Prison capacity
Rated Capacity
Operational Capacity
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
The number of inmates a prison can handle, according to experts
The number of inmates a prison can effectively accommodate, b…
Prison
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Prison capacity
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Custodial Model
Rehabilitation Model
Reintegration Model
Inmate Code
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
A model of a correctional institution that emphasizes maintai…
The values and norms of the prison social system that define…
Custodial Model
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
Rehabilitation Model
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Male v Female Subcultures
Issues in the Incarceration of Women
Classification of Prisoner's
Educational Programs
• Women showed greater responsiveness to prison programs... • Me…
• Sexual Misconduct... • Educational/Vocational training program…
• Security... • Treatment... • Work
• Basic skills & GED classes are common... • Few College classes…
Male v Female Subcultures
• Women showed greater responsiveness to prison programs... • Me…
Issues in the Incarceration of Women
• Sexual Misconduct... • Educational/Vocational training program…
Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
penitentiary
general deterrence
incapacitation
specific deterrence
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
a crime control policy that depends on the fear of criminal p…
the policy of keeping dangerous criminals in confinement to e…
a crime control policy suggesting that punishment should be s…
penitentiary
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
general deterrence
a crime control policy that depends on the fear of criminal p…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Federal crimes
True
Pre-sentence investigation
False
In 2004, the Crime Victim's Right Act established rights for…
A capital offense is punishable by death. T/F?
The examination of a convicted offender's background prior to…
"The death penalty causes too many appeals and clogs in the c…
Federal crimes
In 2004, the Crime Victim's Right Act established rights for…
True
A capital offense is punishable by death. T/F?
19 terms
Chapter 11 Criminal Justice
JUSTICE MODEL
TOTAL INSTITUTION
NUMBER ONE REASON of PRISONS
THE INMATE CODE AND "PRISONIZATION
putting people in prison- prison is deserved punishment in br…
where some or all of its members are cut off from society. To…
to keep in custody
THE INMATE CODE AND "PRISONIZATION"- do your own time... mind…
JUSTICE MODEL
putting people in prison- prison is deserved punishment in br…
TOTAL INSTITUTION
where some or all of its members are cut off from society. To…
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
18 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 11
Medical
Warden
Classification
Maximum-security
In the second half of the 1800s, the Progressive movement int…
The ____ (also known as a superintendent) is at the top of a…
Using a process called _____, prison administrators determine…
Offenders who have been convicted of violent crimes and repea…
Medical
In the second half of the 1800s, the Progressive movement int…
Warden
The ____ (also known as a superintendent) is at the top of a…
Chapter 11 criminal justice
Bail
Bail bondsperson
Bailiff
Contempt of court
Release of a defendant from custody on the promise by accused…
An agent of a private commercial business that has contracted…
A county deputy sherif or U.S deputy Marshall responsible for…
A charge against any violator of the judges courtroom rules
Bail
Release of a defendant from custody on the promise by accused…
Bail bondsperson
An agent of a private commercial business that has contracted…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
diversion
suspended sentence
parole
mandatory release
an alternative to a criminal trial and a prison sentence, suc…
another term for probation, a sentence based on the fact that…
the release of an inmate before his or her maximum sentence h…
the release of prisoners required by law after they serve the…
diversion
an alternative to a criminal trial and a prison sentence, suc…
suspended sentence
another term for probation, a sentence based on the fact that…
34 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
prisons information
prison
philosophy of imprisonment
justice model
-about 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in the us t…
state of federal confinement facility that has custodial auth…
get tough initiatives include the use of chain gangs, greater…
contemporary model of imprisonment based upon the principle o…
prisons information
-about 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in the us t…
prison
state of federal confinement facility that has custodial auth…
11 terms
juvenile justice chapter 11
goals
reintegration
continuum of service
release decision
a. Release is the prime goal... b. Release from confinement at t…
a. Home visits are frequently made available to juveniles bef…
a. The recidivism rates aren't impressive but they provide th…
a. Support for institutional—best judge for when youths are r…
goals
a. Release is the prime goal... b. Release from confinement at t…
reintegration
a. Home visits are frequently made available to juveniles bef…
16 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Retribution
Prevention
Restitution
Restoration
Punishes criminals for past crimes because they deserve it
Punishes criminals to deter future crimes
Offenders pay back victims in money for losses they caused
Aims to heal victims and restore relationships
Retribution
Punishes criminals for past crimes because they deserve it
Prevention
Punishes criminals to deter future crimes
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Huge disparity between African America…
Imprisonment
Prison capacity
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Incarceration rate for African American males was seven times…
Imprisonment is seen as a fully deserved consequence of crimi…
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
Prison
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Huge disparity between African America…
Incarceration rate for African American males was seven times…
18 terms
Juvenile Justice Chapter 11
Almshouse
Apprenticeship
Cottage System
Deinstitutionalization
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
A key component of the training and industrial school. Resemb…
A product of the JJDPA in 1974, which required the removal of…
Almshouse
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
Apprenticeship
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
27 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Indeterminate Sentencing
Gain time
Good time
Structured sentencing
A model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation…
The amount of time deducted from time to be served in prison…
The amount of time deducted from time to served in prison on…
A model of criminal punishment that includes determinate and…
Indeterminate Sentencing
A model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation…
Gain time
The amount of time deducted from time to be served in prison…
12 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 11
Alibi
DNA Evidence
how do they test DNA?
Act was defendable
an excuse of plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
Biology evidence, derived from testing samples of humans tiss…
use hair and blood for testing.
Self-defense, defense of property, and defense of others
Alibi
an excuse of plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
DNA Evidence
Biology evidence, derived from testing samples of humans tiss…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Criminal Justice
Retribution
Just Desserts
Deterrence
General deterrence
"Eye for an Eye"
Punishment should fit the crime and the culpability of the of…
Punishment that holds that potential offenders will refrain f…
Threat of punishment intended to induce the general public no…
Retribution
"Eye for an Eye"
Just Desserts
Punishment should fit the crime and the culpability of the of…
37 terms
Criminal Justice- Chapter 11
General Deterrence
General deterrence should work if we a…
Incapacitation
730/100,000
People should be punished to set an example to other criminal…
swift... certain... severe
-Preventing crime by keeping offenders under state control... -E…
US persons in prison/US citizens
General Deterrence
People should be punished to set an example to other criminal…
General deterrence should work if we a…
swift... certain... severe
8 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Alibi
DNA Evidence
Infancy
Intoxication
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
biological evidence (hair, blood)
children under a specified age shall not be tried for their c…
drunk on alcohol or high on drugs
Alibi
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
DNA Evidence
biological evidence (hair, blood)
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
alibi
intoxication
duress
DNA evidence
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time of…
claiming at the time of the crime, they were so drunk or high…
a person does something as a result of coercion or a threat o…
to connect the offender conclusively to the crime
alibi
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time of…
intoxication
claiming at the time of the crime, they were so drunk or high…
7 terms
criminal justice chapter 11
separate-and-silent system
congregate-and-silent system
marks-of-commendation system
specific deterrence
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's Eastern S…
style of control pioneered by the Auburn System, in which inm…
incarceration philosophy developed by Alexander Maconochie in…
method of control in which an offender is prevented from comm…
separate-and-silent system
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's Eastern S…
congregate-and-silent system
style of control pioneered by the Auburn System, in which inm…
criminal justice chapter 11
local legal culture
real evidence
peremptory challenges
direct evidence
norms share by a court community. Tells how cases should be h…
physical evidence, such as a weapon
removal of a prospective judge without reason. judges are all…
eyewitness accoutns
local legal culture
norms share by a court community. Tells how cases should be h…
real evidence
physical evidence, such as a weapon
33 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
corporal punishment
economic punishment
the galley workhouses exile and transp…
the quakers
revenge through physical harm to the body
-extracting labor from the offender
economic punishment methods
suggested that incarceration and hard labor
corporal punishment
revenge through physical harm to the body
economic punishment
-extracting labor from the offender
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
hulks
walnut street jail
A state or Federal correctional institution
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
Abandoned ship anchored in harbors and used in eighteenth-cen…
An eighteen-century institution that housed convicted crimina…
Prison
A state or Federal correctional institution
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
Hulks
Walnut Street Jail
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
Abandoned ships anchored in harbors and used in 18th century…
An 18th century institution that housed convicted criminals i…
Prison
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
custodial model
rehabilitation model
reintegration model
inmate code
model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline,…
emphasizes treatment programs to help prisoners address the p…
emphasizes maintaining offender's ties to family & community…
values & norms of prison social system that define inmates' i…
custodial model
model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline,…
rehabilitation model
emphasizes treatment programs to help prisoners address the p…
32 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
Sentencing
Retribution
Just Deserts
Incapacitation
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority.
The act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator.
A model of criminal sentencing that holds the criminal offend…
The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
Sentencing
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority.
Retribution
The act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator.
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