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Study sets matching "law chapter 11 justice"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 11 justice"

14 terms
Law and Justice: Chapter 11&12
Infancy
intoxication
insanity
entrapment
children under a certain age are not tried, but are sent to j…
-drunk or high, didn't know what they were doing... - no valid d…
people who have a mental disorder should not be convicted if…
claims they were induced or persuaded by law enforcement to c…
Infancy
children under a certain age are not tried, but are sent to j…
intoxication
-drunk or high, didn't know what they were doing... - no valid d…
Chapter 11.2 equal justice under law
1st amend
5th amend
13th amend
14th amend
Freedom of speech, press, religion (1791)
Grand jury indictment, double jeopardy: protection from self…
Banned slavery (1865)
Citizenship for everyone born in the U.S./ naturalization= eq…
1st amend
Freedom of speech, press, religion (1791)
5th amend
Grand jury indictment, double jeopardy: protection from self…
20 terms
Chapter 11 - Complying with Workplace Justice Laws
workplace justice laws
sexual harassment
Quid pro quo
hostile environment
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
a form of sexual harassment in which victims are required to…
A form of sexual harassment in which victims are subjected to…
workplace justice laws
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
sexual harassment
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
20 terms
Chapter 11 - Complying with Workplace Justice Laws
workplace justice laws
sexual harassment
Quid pro quo
hostile environment
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
a form of sexual harassment in which victims are required to…
A form of sexual harassment in which victims are subjected to…
workplace justice laws
Laws that regulate the day to day treatment of employees
sexual harassment
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and ot…
16 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 11
Brutalization effect
Chivalry hypothesis
Concurrent sentences
Consecutive sentences
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served simult…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served one af…
Brutalization effect
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
Chivalry hypothesis
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
15 terms
Street Law Chapter 11
Arson
Vandalism
Larency
Shoplifting
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of anot…
the crime of taking items from a store without paying or inte…
Arson
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
Vandalism
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
Law 12 Chapter 11
Plaintiff
Defendant
Tort Law
Family Law
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
injuries or harm created by one person to another's body, rep…
personal disputes that involve marriage, divorce, child custo…
Plaintiff
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
Defendant
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
15 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Objectives of "Official" or State Spon…
Humiliation/Shame
Wergild Compensation
Corporal Punishment
-To provide a consequence for undesirable behavior... -To provid…
gag, bridle, ducking stool, stocks and pillories, branding, w…
germanic tribes developed a system of monetary fines to reduc…
until the 1700's, this was the most frequently used punishmen…
Objectives of "Official" or State Spon…
-To provide a consequence for undesirable behavior... -To provid…
Humiliation/Shame
gag, bridle, ducking stool, stocks and pillories, branding, w…
17 terms
Chapter 11 - Criminal Justice
penitentiary
separate confinement
congregate system
medical model
an early form of correctional facility that emphasized separa…
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in Pennsyl…
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in New Yor…
a model of corrections in which the psychological and biologi…
penitentiary
an early form of correctional facility that emphasized separa…
separate confinement
a nineteenth-century penitentiary system developed in Pennsyl…
18 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
separate-and-silent system
congregate-and-silent system
marks-of-commendation system
specific deterrence
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's easter st…
sale of control pioneered by the auburn system, in which inma…
incarceration philosophe developed by Alexander Maconochie in…
method of control in which an offender is presented from comm…
separate-and-silent system
method of penal control pioneered by Philadelphia's easter st…
congregate-and-silent system
sale of control pioneered by the auburn system, in which inma…
22 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Institutional corrections
Community corrections
Workhouse
Transportation
Incarceration in jails and prisons
Court- Imposed programs and sanctions that allow offenders to…
An institution that held jobless, vagrants, debtors, and some…
The export of criminals to other lands to complete their sent…
Institutional corrections
Incarceration in jails and prisons
Community corrections
Court- Imposed programs and sanctions that allow offenders to…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
Hulks
Walnut Street Jail
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
Abandoned ships anchored in harbors and used in eighteenth-ce…
An eighteenth-century institution that housed convicted crimi…
Prison
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
5 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Classification
Custodial Model
Inmate Code
Rehabilitation Model
The Process of assigning an inmate to a category specifying h…
A model of incarceration that emphasized security, discipline…
The Values and norms of the prison social system that define…
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
Classification
The Process of assigning an inmate to a category specifying h…
Custodial Model
A model of incarceration that emphasized security, discipline…
Criminal Justice 101 Chapter 11
Elimira Reformatory
Robert Martinson
Warden
War on Drugs
The first reformatory was in Elmira, New York, in 1876. At th…
1974 "Whats Works" Essay essay provided opponent of the medic…
Is responsible for the organization and performance of a corr…
...
Elimira Reformatory
The first reformatory was in Elmira, New York, in 1876. At th…
Robert Martinson
1974 "Whats Works" Essay essay provided opponent of the medic…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Prison capacity
Rated Capacity
Operational Capacity
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
The number of inmates a prison can handle, according to experts
The number of inmates a prison can effectively accommodate, b…
Prison
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Prison capacity
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
20 terms
Chapter 3-Justice and Law
civil disobedience
corrective justice
distributive justice
due process
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
Justice that concerns what measurement should be used to allo…
Constitutionally mandated procedural steps designed to elimin…
civil disobedience
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
corrective justice
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
20 terms
Criminal justice Chapter 11
Sentencing
Retribution
Just deserts
Incapacitation
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority…
The act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
A model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
Sentencing
The imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority…
Retribution
The act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
20 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice Bohm, Definitions Chapter 11
Total institution
Convict code
Deprivation model
Prisonization
An institutional setting in which persons sharing some charac…
A constellation of values, norms, and roles that regulate the…
A theory that the inmate society arises as a response to the…
The process by which an inmate becomes socialized into the cu…
Total institution
An institutional setting in which persons sharing some charac…
Convict code
A constellation of values, norms, and roles that regulate the…
16 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Retribution
Prevention
Restitution
Restoration
Punishes criminals for past crimes because they deserve it
Punishes criminals to deter future crimes
Offenders pay back victims in money for losses they caused
Aims to heal victims and restore relationships
Retribution
Punishes criminals for past crimes because they deserve it
Prevention
Punishes criminals to deter future crimes
26 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Huge disparity between African America…
Imprisonment
Prison capacity
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Incarceration rate for African American males was seven times…
Imprisonment is seen as a fully deserved consequence of crimi…
The size of the correctional population an institution can ef…
Prison
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Huge disparity between African America…
Incarceration rate for African American males was seven times…
34 terms
Chapter 11 - Justice
Integrated theories
Integrated theories can be achieved by
Systematic reductionism
Theories may be synthesized in 3 ways
merging 2 or more traditional theories into one cohesive model
combining aspects that have been empirically supported or del…
criminology field has been dominated by sociology
1. End to end... 2. Side by side... 3. Up and down
Integrated theories
merging 2 or more traditional theories into one cohesive model
Integrated theories can be achieved by
combining aspects that have been empirically supported or del…
27 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Indeterminate Sentencing
Gain time
Good time
Structured sentencing
A model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation…
The amount of time deducted from time to be served in prison…
The amount of time deducted from time to served in prison on…
A model of criminal punishment that includes determinate and…
Indeterminate Sentencing
A model of criminal punishment that encourages rehabilitation…
Gain time
The amount of time deducted from time to be served in prison…
34 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
1. How does today's prison differ from…
custodial model
rehabilitation model
reintegration model
...
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
A model of a correctional institution that emphasizes maintai…
1. How does today's prison differ from…
...
custodial model
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
hulks
walnut street jail
A state or Federal correctional institution
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
Abandoned ship anchored in harbors and used in eighteenth-cen…
An eighteen-century institution that housed convicted crimina…
Prison
A state or Federal correctional institution
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as lockup f…
89 terms
criminal justice chapter 11
prison
7
attitudes based on the justice model
justice model
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
Incarceration rate for African American males was how many ti…
Emphasizes individual responsibility and the punishment of of…
A contemporary model of imprisonment based on the principle o…
prison
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial au…
7
Incarceration rate for African American males was how many ti…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Prison
Jail
Hulks
Walnut Street Jail
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
Abandoned ships anchored in harbors and used in 18th century…
An 18th century institution that housed convicted criminals i…
Prison
A state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
Jail
A place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
10 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
Prison
Attitudes based on the Justice model
Three definitions of prison capacity
Rated Capacity
-A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial a…
-A contemporary model of imprisonment based on the principle…
-Rated Capacity ... -Operational Capacity... -Design Capacity
The number of inmates a prison can handle according to experts
Prison
-A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial a…
Attitudes based on the Justice model
-A contemporary model of imprisonment based on the principle…
49 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Federal correctional system
Provincial and territorial correctiona…
Community corrections
Intermediate punisment
Has jurisdiction over:... 1. Offenders sentenced to 2 years or m…
Has jurisdiction over:... 1. Offenders sentenced to 2 years less…
1. Probation.... 2. Conditional sentences. ... 3. Parole.... 4. Interm…
Includes intensive supervision probation, home confinement an…
Federal correctional system
Has jurisdiction over:... 1. Offenders sentenced to 2 years or m…
Provincial and territorial correctiona…
Has jurisdiction over:... 1. Offenders sentenced to 2 years less…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Custodial Model
Rehabilitation Model
Reintegration Model
Inmate Code
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
A model of a correctional institution that emphasizes maintai…
The values and norms of the prison social system that define…
Custodial Model
A model of incarceration that emphasizes security, discipline…
Rehabilitation Model
A model of incarceration that emphasizes treatment programs t…
31 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
aggravating circumstances
alternating sentencing
capital offense
capital punishment
circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make…
the use of court-ordered community service, home detention, d…
a criminal offense punishable by death.
the death penalty. capital punishment is the most extreme of…
aggravating circumstances
circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make…
alternating sentencing
the use of court-ordered community service, home detention, d…
16 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
penitentiary
general deterrence
incapacitation
specific deterrence
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
a crime control policy that depends on the fear of criminal p…
the policy of keeping dangerous criminals in confinement to e…
a crime control policy suggesting that punishment should be s…
penitentiary
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
general deterrence
a crime control policy that depends on the fear of criminal p…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
prison
jail
bulks
Walnut Street Jail
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
a place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
abandoned ships anchored in harbors and used in eighteenth-ce…
an eighteenth-century institution that housed convicted crimi…
prison
a state or federal correctional institution for incarceration…
jail
a place to detain people awaiting trial, to serve as a lockup…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Criminal Justice
JUSTICE MODEL
TOTAL INSTITUTION
NUMBER ONE REASON of PRISONS
THE INMATE CODE AND "PRISONIZATION
putting people in prison- prison is deserved punishment in br…
where some or all of its members are cut off from society. To…
to keep in custody
THE INMATE CODE AND "PRISONIZATION"- do your own time... mind…
JUSTICE MODEL
putting people in prison- prison is deserved punishment in br…
TOTAL INSTITUTION
where some or all of its members are cut off from society. To…
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
18 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 11
Medical
Warden
Classification
Maximum-security
In the second half of the 1800s, the Progressive movement int…
The ____ (also known as a superintendent) is at the top of a…
Using a process called _____, prison administrators determine…
Offenders who have been convicted of violent crimes and repea…
Medical
In the second half of the 1800s, the Progressive movement int…
Warden
The ____ (also known as a superintendent) is at the top of a…
15 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
Federal crimes
True
Pre-sentence investigation
False
In 2004, the Crime Victim's Right Act established rights for…
A capital offense is punishable by death. T/F?
The examination of a convicted offender's background prior to…
"The death penalty causes too many appeals and clogs in the c…
Federal crimes
In 2004, the Crime Victim's Right Act established rights for…
True
A capital offense is punishable by death. T/F?
18 terms
Chapter 11 criminal justice
Bail
Bail bondsperson
Bailiff
Contempt of court
Release of a defendant from custody on the promise by accused…
An agent of a private commercial business that has contracted…
A county deputy sherif or U.S deputy Marshall responsible for…
A charge against any violator of the judges courtroom rules
Bail
Release of a defendant from custody on the promise by accused…
Bail bondsperson
An agent of a private commercial business that has contracted…
34 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
prisons information
prison
philosophy of imprisonment
justice model
-about 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in the us t…
state of federal confinement facility that has custodial auth…
get tough initiatives include the use of chain gangs, greater…
contemporary model of imprisonment based upon the principle o…
prisons information
-about 1,325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons in the us t…
prison
state of federal confinement facility that has custodial auth…
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
diversion
suspended sentence
parole
mandatory release
an alternative to a criminal trial and a prison sentence, suc…
another term for probation, a sentence based on the fact that…
the release of an inmate before his or her maximum sentence h…
the release of prisoners required by law after they serve the…
diversion
an alternative to a criminal trial and a prison sentence, suc…
suspended sentence
another term for probation, a sentence based on the fact that…
18 terms
Juvenile Justice Chapter 11
Almshouse
Apprenticeship
Cottage System
Deinstitutionalization
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
A key component of the training and industrial school. Resemb…
A product of the JJDPA in 1974, which required the removal of…
Almshouse
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
Apprenticeship
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
14 terms
Criminal justice chapter 11
What do corrections do
Institutional corrections
Community corrections
Philosophy
Punish, treat, protect public
Jail and prisons
Halfway houses
Punishment vs rehabilitation focus (switches times/trends)
What do corrections do
Punish, treat, protect public
Institutional corrections
Jail and prisons
16 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
police
political era
professional era
thin blue line
formal agent of social control and component of the criminal…
1830s-1900; policing was characterized by political undertone…
1930s- 1970s: focused on professionalism and removing politic…
"us" versus "them" mentality sometimes held by police officer…
police
formal agent of social control and component of the criminal…
political era
1830s-1900; policing was characterized by political undertone…
23 terms
Chapter 11-Criminal Justice
Preponderance of Evidence
Notice Pleading
Steps of Civil Procedure
Civil Procedure
The standard of proof in a civil case in which a judge or jur…
A method adopted by the federal rules in which the plaintiff…
Complaint... Service ... Answer ... Discovery ... Motions ... Pretrial Confe…
The system of laws and rules governing the manner in which ci…
Preponderance of Evidence
The standard of proof in a civil case in which a judge or jur…
Notice Pleading
A method adopted by the federal rules in which the plaintiff…
32 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 11
sentencing
retribution
just deserts
incapacitation
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
a model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offen…
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likeliho…
sentencing
the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority
retribution
the act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator
18 terms
Juvenile Justice Chapter 11
Almshouse
Apprenticeship
Cottage System
Deinstitutionalization
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
A key component of the training and industrial school. Resemb…
A product of the JJDPA in 1974, which required the removal of…
Almshouse
Another word for a poorhouse. Were intended for debtor adults…
Apprenticeship
The practice of sending a delinquent child out of the communi…
11 terms
juvenile justice chapter 11
goals
reintegration
continuum of service
release decision
a. Release is the prime goal... b. Release from confinement at t…
a. Home visits are frequently made available to juveniles bef…
a. The recidivism rates aren't impressive but they provide th…
a. Support for institutional—best judge for when youths are r…
goals
a. Release is the prime goal... b. Release from confinement at t…
reintegration
a. Home visits are frequently made available to juveniles bef…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Criminal Justice
Retribution
Just Desserts
Deterrence
General deterrence
"Eye for an Eye"
Punishment should fit the crime and the culpability of the of…
Punishment that holds that potential offenders will refrain f…
Threat of punishment intended to induce the general public no…
Retribution
"Eye for an Eye"
Just Desserts
Punishment should fit the crime and the culpability of the of…
37 terms
Criminal Justice- Chapter 11
General Deterrence
General deterrence should work if we a…
Incapacitation
730/100,000
People should be punished to set an example to other criminal…
swift... certain... severe
-Preventing crime by keeping offenders under state control... -E…
US persons in prison/US citizens
General Deterrence
People should be punished to set an example to other criminal…
General deterrence should work if we a…
swift... certain... severe
18 terms
criminal justice chapter 11
local legal culture
real evidence
peremptory challenges
direct evidence
norms share by a court community. Tells how cases should be h…
physical evidence, such as a weapon
removal of a prospective judge without reason. judges are all…
eyewitness accoutns
local legal culture
norms share by a court community. Tells how cases should be h…
real evidence
physical evidence, such as a weapon
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