Study sets matching "law chapter 11"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 11"

15 terms
Street Law Chapter 11
Arson
Vandalism
Larency
Shoplifting
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of anot…
the crime of taking items from a store without paying or inte…
Arson
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property
Vandalism
willful destruction of, or damage to, the property of another
Law 12 Chapter 11
Plaintiff
Defendant
Tort Law
Family Law
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
injuries or harm created by one person to another's body, rep…
personal disputes that involve marriage, divorce, child custo…
Plaintiff
the person or party that initiates the lawsuit.
Defendant
the party that must respond to the lawsuit.
8 terms
Street Law Chapter 11
Alibi
DNA evidence
Infancy
Intoxication
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
biological evidence
Defense that Children under the age of 8 are considered to be…
Defense that the defendant was too drunk or high at the time…
Alibi
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
DNA evidence
biological evidence
31 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
1. A minor who chooses to disaffirm a…
2. As a general rule, parents are not…
3. If a person's mental deficiencies h…
4. A contract of an intoxicated person…
false
true
true
true
1. A minor who chooses to disaffirm a…
false
2. As a general rule, parents are not…
true
23 terms
Law Education Chapter 11 and 12
alibi
DNA evidence
infancy defense
intoxication defense
an excuse that shows someone was not at a crime scene
Biological evidence derived from testing samples of human tis…
children under a specified age shall not be tried for their c…
claim at the time of crime they were so drunk on alcohol or h…
alibi
an excuse that shows someone was not at a crime scene
DNA evidence
Biological evidence derived from testing samples of human tis…
Criminal Law Chapter 11
abuse-of-trust crimes
arson
arson mens rea
breaking (in burglary)
crimes growing out of opportunities to get someone else's pro…
damaging or destroying structures by burning
common law mens rea requires a malicious and willful intent t…
part of the actus reus of common law burglary, requiring an u…
abuse-of-trust crimes
crimes growing out of opportunities to get someone else's pro…
arson
damaging or destroying structures by burning
41 terms
Chapter 11. Law
Two things that could be included in a…
Initial analysis for estate planning a…
explain the surviving spouse rule and…
Define living trust and how it plays i…
lifetime transfers and transfers at death
who are the family members with interest in estate and in far…
surviving spouse has a right to share in estate. the rights c…
Will substitute that was revocable by dependent during his li…
Two things that could be included in a…
lifetime transfers and transfers at death
Initial analysis for estate planning a…
who are the family members with interest in estate and in far…
39 terms
Criminal Law- Chapter 11
Cybercrime
Robbery
Larceny
Conversion
Crimes aimed at the valuable information contained in compute…
Taking property by force or the threat of force a violent cri…
Taking and carrying away a person's property without the use…
Wrongfully possessing or disposing of someone else's property…
Cybercrime
Crimes aimed at the valuable information contained in compute…
Robbery
Taking property by force or the threat of force a violent cri…
Chapter 11 (Law 12)
Sentence
Retribution
Specific Deterrance
General Deterrance
punishment imposed on a person convicted of committing a crime
punishment to avenge a crime, ensuring that offenders suffer…
punishment to discourage criminals from re-offending
punishment to discourage people in general from offending
Sentence
punishment imposed on a person convicted of committing a crime
Retribution
punishment to avenge a crime, ensuring that offenders suffer…
Chapter 11 Law
assignment
obligor
performance
discharge
legal action wherein a party to a contract transfers to anoth…
one who owes a duty under a contract
fulfillment of contractual promises as agreed
the cancellation of the obligations imposed by a contract
assignment
legal action wherein a party to a contract transfers to anoth…
obligor
one who owes a duty under a contract
Business Law Chapter 11
Contractual agreement is evidenced by...
An effective offer requires...
In an auction, the auctioneer acts as…
An "e-contract" is...
An offer plus an acceptance
The offeror's serious objective intent, reasonably certain te…
Offeree
Any contract formed electronically
Contractual agreement is evidenced by...
An offer plus an acceptance
An effective offer requires...
The offeror's serious objective intent, reasonably certain te…
Law Studies Chapter 11
alibi
DNA evidence
infancy
intoxication
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
biological evidence used to connect an offender conclusively…
children under a specified age have this defense
the claim that at the time of a crime, they were so drunk or…
alibi
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
DNA evidence
biological evidence used to connect an offender conclusively…
Chapter 11, Criminal Law
Bribery
Perjury
Contempt
Treason
offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of something of va…
when a person knowingly lies under oath
Willful disregard for or disobedience of a public authority.
The breach of the allegiance to the United States and names i…
Bribery
offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of something of va…
Perjury
when a person knowingly lies under oath
8 terms
Law Chapter 11
three types of defenses
alibi
infancy
inteication
- no crime has been committed... - defendant did not commit the…
defendant was somewhere else at the time that the crime was c…
defense for children under a certain age
too mind altered to know that they are doing the crime
three types of defenses
- no crime has been committed... - defendant did not commit the…
alibi
defendant was somewhere else at the time that the crime was c…
11 terms
Law Chapter 11 Vocab
alibi
DNA evidence
self defense
defense of others
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
biological evidence linking a specific person to a crime scen…
the law recognizes the right of a person to defend themselves…
the law also protects an individual that comes to the aid of…
alibi
evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
DNA evidence
biological evidence linking a specific person to a crime scen…
18 terms
Law Chapter 11
Consideration
Promissory estoppel
elements of consideration
legal value
Something of legal value, usually money or property in exchan…
an equity doctrine that permits a court to order enforcement…
1. Must be something of legal value and 2. There must be a ba…
support for a contract when the promisee suffers a legal detr…
Consideration
Something of legal value, usually money or property in exchan…
Promissory estoppel
an equity doctrine that permits a court to order enforcement…
Chapter 11 Law
Alibi
DNA Evidence
Infancy
Intoxication
Evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
Biological evidence to connect an offender conclusively to a…
Children under the age of 7, and certain circumstances 7-14,…
Voluntary intoxication is not a valid defense for a crime
Alibi
Evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
DNA Evidence
Biological evidence to connect an offender conclusively to a…
66 terms
Law Chapter 11
what is now the primary source of crim…
crime
black laws dictionary definition
felony (model penal code definition)
statutes
a negative or positive act that violates a penal law, that is…
any act done in violation of those duties which an individual…
a serious crime, in many states requiring more than a year in…
what is now the primary source of crim…
statutes
crime
a negative or positive act that violates a penal law, that is…
Law- Chapter 11
Reasonable Care
4 Steps of Negligence Action
Duty of Care
Neighbour
The care a reasonable person would exhibit in a similar situa…
1. does defendant owe the plaintiff care?... 2. did defendant br…
the responsibility owed to avoid carelessness that causes har…
Anyone who might reasonably be affected by the defendants con…
Reasonable Care
The care a reasonable person would exhibit in a similar situa…
4 Steps of Negligence Action
1. does defendant owe the plaintiff care?... 2. did defendant br…
Business Law - Chapter 11
Competent Party
Contractual Capacity
Minor
Age of Majority
A person capable of understanding the meaning of a contract
Ability to make a valid contract
Person who has not yet reached the age of majority
Legally recognized as an adult
Competent Party
A person capable of understanding the meaning of a contract
Contractual Capacity
Ability to make a valid contract
law chapter 11
alienation 196
anticipatory repudiation 203
assignee 194
assignment 193
(the voluntary transfer of land ownership).... The process of t…
Before either party to a contract has a duty to perform, one…
party receiving the rights is... A party to whom the rights und…
else. The transfer of contract rights to a third person Assig…
alienation 196
(the voluntary transfer of land ownership).... The process of t…
anticipatory repudiation 203
Before either party to a contract has a duty to perform, one…
Medical Law and Ethics Chapter 11
genetics
DNA
genes
genome
_________________________ is the science that accounts for na…
_____________________ is the combination of proteins called n…
A 5-year old female has the same eye and hair color as her mo…
The genes that make up the human ___________________ -- all t…
genetics
_________________________ is the science that accounts for na…
DNA
_____________________ is the combination of proteins called n…
16 terms
Chapter 11 law
Assignment
Obligor
Performance
Discharge
A transfer of a right a party may have under a contract of an…
The one who OWES a duty under a contract
The fulfillment of a contractual promise as agreed
The termination of ordinarily occur as a promise
Assignment
A transfer of a right a party may have under a contract of an…
Obligor
The one who OWES a duty under a contract
15 terms
Law Chapter 11: vocab
No crime has been committed, defendant…
No criminal act was committed, no crim…
Alibi
DNA evidence
What are the categories of the four defenses?
The defendant may present evedence to show that (2)
Evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
Biological evidence, derived from the testing samples of huma…
No crime has been committed, defendant…
What are the categories of the four defenses?
No criminal act was committed, no crim…
The defendant may present evedence to show that (2)
14 terms
Law Chapter 11 Vocab
alibi
dna evidence
infancy
intoxication
Evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
Biological evidence, derived from testing samples of human ti…
The legal defense of a person considered not yet legally resp…
A defense where a person claims that at the time of the crime…
alibi
Evidence that the defendant was somewhere else at the time th…
dna evidence
Biological evidence, derived from testing samples of human ti…
Law vocab chapter 11
Credit
Creditor
Debtor
Interest
Arrangment in which you revieve cash,goods or services now an…
The oarty who sells the goods on credit or lends the money
The oarty whi buys the goods on credit ot borrows the money
A fee creditors charge for lending money it extending credit
Credit
Arrangment in which you revieve cash,goods or services now an…
Creditor
The oarty who sells the goods on credit or lends the money
25 terms
LAW Chapter 11
Uniform Commercial Code
Goods
Good faith
Merchant
Statute passed in similar form by the states that sets many r…
Manufactured things that are movable and have physical existe…
Honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction in question
One who regularly deals in goods covered by contract for sale…
Uniform Commercial Code
Statute passed in similar form by the states that sets many r…
Goods
Manufactured things that are movable and have physical existe…
28 terms
Chapter 11 Law
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
Overtime Compensation
Exempt Employees
Pension
40 hour workweek... overtime pay... restrictions on children working
higher rate of pay, calculated at one and a half times the em…
employees that are not included in FLSA protection, consistin…
retirement benefit in which the employer promises to pay a mo…
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
40 hour workweek... overtime pay... restrictions on children working
Overtime Compensation
higher rate of pay, calculated at one and a half times the em…
14 terms
Chapter 11 law
Arbitration
Balance of probabilities
Class action
Default judgement
An alternative disputed resolution process in which the arbit…
The basis on which a judge decides a civil action
A single legal action brought on behalf of all members of a g…
A decision made in the plaintiffs favour when the defendant i…
Arbitration
An alternative disputed resolution process in which the arbit…
Balance of probabilities
The basis on which a judge decides a civil action
Law Chapter 11
Bilateral contract
Contract
Executed contract
Executory contract
a promise for a promise
A promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the la…
A fully performed contract
A contract that has not been fully performed
Bilateral contract
a promise for a promise
Contract
A promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the la…
Street Law: Chapter 11
Alibi
DNA evidence
Infancy
Intoxication
An excuse or plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
Biological evidence, derived from testing samples of human ti…
The legal defense of a person considered not yet legally resp…
The state of drunkenness or similar condition created by the…
Alibi
An excuse or plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
DNA evidence
Biological evidence, derived from testing samples of human ti…
23 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Bilateral Contract
Contract
Executed Contract
Executory Contract
A type of contract that arises when a promise is given in exc…
An agreement between two or more parties that is enforceable…
A contract that has been completely performed by both parties
A contract that has not yet been fully performed
Bilateral Contract
A type of contract that arises when a promise is given in exc…
Contract
An agreement between two or more parties that is enforceable…
6 terms
Law chapter 11
Denunciation
Deterrence
Protection of Public
Rehabilitation
Condemnation, putting someone down for what they've done. Ex:…
Scare either the offender or the public from repeating the of…
Separate someone dangerous from public. Ex: Aziga
Fixing of behavior
Denunciation
Condemnation, putting someone down for what they've done. Ex:…
Deterrence
Scare either the offender or the public from repeating the of…
37 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Promise:
Sources of Contract Law:
Promisor
Promisee
A person's assurance that he or she will or will not do somet…
The common law governs all contracts except when it has been…
A person who makes a promise.
A person to whom a promise is made.
Promise:
A person's assurance that he or she will or will not do somet…
Sources of Contract Law:
The common law governs all contracts except when it has been…
29 terms
Chapter 11 Medical Law and Ethics
Genetics
Heredity
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Chromosome
the science that accounts for natural differences and resembl…
the process by which organisms pass genetic traits on to thei…
the combination of proteins, called nucleotides, that is arra…
a microscopic structure found within the nucleus of all livin…
Genetics
the science that accounts for natural differences and resembl…
Heredity
the process by which organisms pass genetic traits on to thei…
chapter 11 b-law
contract checklist
contract
noncompetition agreement
bilateral contract
1) offer 2) acceptance 3) consideration 4) legality 5) capaci…
a legally enforceable agreement
a contract in which one party agrees not to compete with anot…
a promise made in exchange for another promise
contract checklist
1) offer 2) acceptance 3) consideration 4) legality 5) capaci…
contract
a legally enforceable agreement
18 terms
Contract Law: Chapter 11 - Vocabulary
American Law Institute
Article 2
AUCC
Boilerplate
Founded in 1923, this private organization is made up of lawy…
Major article of the UCC which governs the sale of goods. Art…
The Amended Uniform Commercial Code
When a contract is on a preprinted form that is often produce…
American Law Institute
Founded in 1923, this private organization is made up of lawy…
Article 2
Major article of the UCC which governs the sale of goods. Art…
17 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Accession
Bailment
Easement
Eminent domain
Where one person improves another's property and is entitled…
A legal relationship that arises out of the temporary transfe…
A right of way, or non-possessory interest in real property.
The power of government to take private property for public u…
Accession
Where one person improves another's property and is entitled…
Bailment
A legal relationship that arises out of the temporary transfe…
Business Law Chapter 11
Common Law of Contracts
Uniformal Commercial Code (UCC)
Promisor
Promisee
contracts related to services, real estate, employment & insu…
contracts for sale & lease of goods
person making the promise
person to whom the promise is made
Common Law of Contracts
contracts related to services, real estate, employment & insu…
Uniformal Commercial Code (UCC)
contracts for sale & lease of goods
15 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
assignment
obligor
performance
discharge
A transfer of a right a party may have under a contract to an…
One who owes a duty under a contract.
The fulfillment of contractual promises as agreed.
The termination of duties that ordinarily occurs when the par…
assignment
A transfer of a right a party may have under a contract to an…
obligor
One who owes a duty under a contract.
Law 3220 Chapter 11
Uniform Commercial Code
goods
good faith
merchant
or UCC, a statute passed in similar form by the states that s…
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
in UCC, honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction in ques…
in UCC, one who regularly deals in goods covered by contract…
Uniform Commercial Code
or UCC, a statute passed in similar form by the states that s…
goods
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
30 terms
Street Law Chapter 11-13
Alibi
Infancy
insanity defense
entrapment
an excuse of plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
the legal defense of a person considered not yet legally resp…
defense raised by a criminal defendant stating that because o…
an act by law enforcement officials to persuade a person to c…
Alibi
an excuse of plea that a person was somewhere else at the tim…
Infancy
the legal defense of a person considered not yet legally resp…
Chapter 11: Family Law
ceremonial or solemnized marriage
common law marriage
prenuptial/antenuptial agreement
anti heart balm statue
a marriage in which the couple has obtained the proper marria…
a marriage that has not been solemnized but in which the coup…
a document that prospective spouses sign prior to marriage re…
a law that prohibits lawsuits for such things as breach of a…
ceremonial or solemnized marriage
a marriage in which the couple has obtained the proper marria…
common law marriage
a marriage that has not been solemnized but in which the coup…
12 terms
Business Law-Chapter 11
Contractual Capacity
Emancipation
Disaffirmance
Necessities
The capacity required by the law for a party who enters into…
In regard to minors, the act of being freed from parental con…
The legal avoidance, or setting aside, of a contractual oblig…
Necessities required for life, such as food, shelter, clothin…
Contractual Capacity
The capacity required by the law for a party who enters into…
Emancipation
In regard to minors, the act of being freed from parental con…
8 terms
Law Chapter 11 Defenses
a Latin word meaning "elsewhere;" an e…
biological evidence, derived from test…
the legal defense of a person consider…
a state of drunkenness or similar cond…
alibi
DNA evidence
infancy
intoxication
a Latin word meaning "elsewhere;" an e…
alibi
biological evidence, derived from test…
DNA evidence
Business Law Chapter 11
Consideration
Forbearance
Rescission
Past Consideration
The value given in return for a promise or performance in a c…
The act of refraining from an action that one has a legal rig…
A remedy whereby a contract is canceled and the parties are r…
An act that takes place before the contract is made and that…
Consideration
The value given in return for a promise or performance in a c…
Forbearance
The act of refraining from an action that one has a legal rig…
LAW2001 - Chapter 11
article 2 of the UCC
sales contracts
sale
marchant
sets the requirements for sales contracts; does not deal with…
contracts for the sale of goods
the passing of title from the seller to the buyer for a price
a person that posses or uses an expertise specifically relate…
article 2 of the UCC
sets the requirements for sales contracts; does not deal with…
sales contracts
contracts for the sale of goods
Copyright Law Chapter 11 (Moser)
Statute of Limitations
1976 Copyright Act provides that a cla…
Abandonment of Copyright
Independent creation
a law that specifies the maximum time period during which a c…
3 years from the date upon which the infringement should have…
a cr owner can abandon its copyright by committing some act t…
if a defendant in a CR lawsuit can prove that it created its…
Statute of Limitations
a law that specifies the maximum time period during which a c…
1976 Copyright Act provides that a cla…
3 years from the date upon which the infringement should have…
LAW 1101 Chapter 11
Preexisting Duty
Modifying a pre existing contract (UCC)
Modifying a pre existing contract (Com…
Disputed Debt
Promise to do what one already has a legal duty to do does no…
Does not need additional consideration to be binding. As long…
There must be some other consideration and any changes to the…
A debt that is disputed as to either its existence or its amo…
Preexisting Duty
Promise to do what one already has a legal duty to do does no…
Modifying a pre existing contract (UCC)
Does not need additional consideration to be binding. As long…
29 terms
Chapter 11: Family Law
family law
solemnized marriage
common-law marriage
prenuptial agreement
the area of law that covers marriage, divorce, and parent-chi…
a marriage in which the couple has obtained the proper marria…
a marriage that has not be solemnized but in which the couple…
also known as an ante-nuptial agreement; a document that pros…
family law
the area of law that covers marriage, divorce, and parent-chi…
solemnized marriage
a marriage in which the couple has obtained the proper marria…
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