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Study sets matching "law chapter 11"

26 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Promisor
Promise
Contract
Objective theory of contracts
the person making the promise
the person to whom the promise is made
a promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the la…
theory is that a party's intention to enter into a legally bi…
Promisor
the person making the promise
Promise
the person to whom the promise is made
Criminal Law Chapter 11
Cybercrime
Robbery
Larceny
Conversion
Crimes aimed at the valuable information contained in compute…
Taking property by force or the threat of force - a violent c…
Taking and carrying away a person's property without the use…
Wrongfully possessing or disposing of someone else's property…
Cybercrime
Crimes aimed at the valuable information contained in compute…
Robbery
Taking property by force or the threat of force - a violent c…
19 terms
Chapter 11 LAW
agreement
offer
opinions
statements of intention
to form a contract, parties must agree to terms mutually... agr…
promise or commitment to do or refrain from doing some specif…
not an offer; just an opinion
not an offer; just a thought
agreement
to form a contract, parties must agree to terms mutually... agr…
offer
promise or commitment to do or refrain from doing some specif…
14 terms
Chem Chapter 11 LAWS
Combined Gas Law (will be given)
Gay-Lussac's Law
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
P1V1/T1 = P2V2/T2
P1/T1 = P2/T2
P1V1 = P2V2
V1/T1 = V2/T2
Combined Gas Law (will be given)
P1V1/T1 = P2V2/T2
Gay-Lussac's Law
P1/T1 = P2/T2
21 terms
Chapter 11 Law
voluntary consent
contract law allows a contract to be a…
unilateral mistake
A unilateral contract is enforceable u…
the knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
only a mistake of fact makes a contact voidable... -i must also…
a mistake that occurs when one party to a contract is mistake…
-when other party to contract knows or should have known that…
voluntary consent
the knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
contract law allows a contract to be a…
only a mistake of fact makes a contact voidable... -i must also…
18 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
duress
physical compulsion
improper threats
undue influence
wrongful or unlawful act or threat that overcomes the free wi…
coercion involving physical force renders the agreement void
threats or acts render the contract voidable
taking unfair advantage of a person by reason of a dominant p…
duress
wrongful or unlawful act or threat that overcomes the free wi…
physical compulsion
coercion involving physical force renders the agreement void
30 terms
Business Law Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Voluntary Consent
Unilateral Mistake
Bilateral Mistake
Privity of Contract
The knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
A mistake that occurs when one party to a contract is mistake…
A mistake that occurs when both parties to a contract are mis…
The relationship that exists between the promisor and the pro…
Voluntary Consent
The knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
Unilateral Mistake
A mistake that occurs when one party to a contract is mistake…
30 terms
Business law chapter 11 Vocab
bailment
conforming goods
cover
cure
- a situation in which the personal property of one person (a…
- goods that conform to contract specifications
- a buyer or lessee's purchase on the open market of goods to…
- under the uniform commercial code, the right of a party who…
bailment
- a situation in which the personal property of one person (a…
conforming goods
- goods that conform to contract specifications
33 terms
Chapter 11: Communication Law
First Amendment
Fourth estate
Chilling effect
Alien and Sedition Acts
Guarantees that Congress shall make no law restricting freedo…
Another term for the press, or journalism, in which it acts a…
The phenomenon that occurs when journalists or other media pr…
A series of 4 acts passed by the U.S. Congress in 1798 that p…
First Amendment
Guarantees that Congress shall make no law restricting freedo…
Fourth estate
Another term for the press, or journalism, in which it acts a…
20 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
A contract is void if one of the parti…
A contract to do something that is pro…
A unilateral contract is formed when t…
A void contract is enforceable if it i…
False
True
True
False
A contract is void if one of the parti…
False
A contract to do something that is pro…
True
8 terms
chapter 11 law
necessity
duress
entrapment
insanity defense
compelled to react to a situation that is unavoidable in orde…
does something as a result of coercion or a threat of immedia…
defendant admits to committing a criminal act but claims that…
courts have excused offenders who were mentally unable to con…
necessity
compelled to react to a situation that is unavoidable in orde…
duress
does something as a result of coercion or a threat of immedia…
33 terms
Law Chapter 11
a punishment imposed on a person convi…
the protection of their people, their…
a punishment to avenge a crime, ensuri…
punishment to discourage criminals fro…
Sentence
Protection of the Public
Retribution
Specific deterrence
a punishment imposed on a person convi…
Sentence
the protection of their people, their…
Protection of the Public
25 terms
Law 3220 Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
Goods
Good Faith
Merchant
A statute passed in similar form by the states that sets many…
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
In UCC, honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction in ques…
in UCC, one who regularly deals in goods covered by contract…
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
A statute passed in similar form by the states that sets many…
Goods
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
16 terms
Criminal Law Chapter 11
Assault
Battery
Offensive touching
Menacing
an attempt to strike
Is the successful attempt of striking a person
Unpermitted physical contact with another person, usually lim…
Intentionally placing or attempting to place another in fear…
Assault
an attempt to strike
Battery
Is the successful attempt of striking a person
Law 12 Chapter 11 Vocab
Allurement
Causation
Contributory negligence
Duty of care
something that is inviting or luring to young children; for e…
the fact of being the cause of something that happened; an im…
negligence on the part of the victim that contributes to his…
the obligation that is required to ensure that others are not…
Allurement
something that is inviting or luring to young children; for e…
Causation
the fact of being the cause of something that happened; an im…
54 terms
Criminal Law Chapter 11
Assault
Battery
Assault and battery
One offense
An attempt to commit a battery or violence against another pe…
A successful assault, in which the victim is actually and int…
Under common law, ____ and ____ were two separate crimes
Today the phrase assault and battery is sometimes used to ind…
Assault
An attempt to commit a battery or violence against another pe…
Battery
A successful assault, in which the victim is actually and int…
Canadian Business and The Law - Chapter 11 Key Terms
Reasonable Care
Duty of Care
Neighbor
Prima Facie
The care that a reasonable person would exhibit in a similar…
The responsibility owed to avoid carelessness that causes har…
Anyone who might reasonably be affected by the defendant's co…
At first sight or on first appearances.
Reasonable Care
The care that a reasonable person would exhibit in a similar…
Duty of Care
The responsibility owed to avoid carelessness that causes har…
22 terms
Bus Law Chapter 11 Terms
bilateral contract
contract
executed contract
executory contract
type of contract that arises when a promise is given in excha…
agreement that can be enforced in court; formed by two or mor…
contract that has been completely performed by both parties
contract that has not yet been fully performed
bilateral contract
type of contract that arises when a promise is given in excha…
contract
agreement that can be enforced in court; formed by two or mor…
14 terms
Gas Laws (Chapter 11)
Ideal Gas
Real Gas
gases behave more ideally when
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
remains a gas under all conditions of temperature and pressure
has attractions between molecules and molecules have volume
1. temperature is high... 2. pressure is low... 3. molecule size is…
total pressure is equal to the sum of the pressures exerted b…
Ideal Gas
remains a gas under all conditions of temperature and pressure
Real Gas
has attractions between molecules and molecules have volume
25 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
contract
tangible personal property
offer
offeror
legally enforceable agreement that is created when two or mor…
Personal property that can be moved
proposal made by one party to another that indicates a willin…
person making a proposal
contract
legally enforceable agreement that is created when two or mor…
tangible personal property
Personal property that can be moved
9 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Factors
sole proprietorship
General Partnership
corporations
1. creation- the legal steps to create an entity; how much ap…
most common... One person business usually created on personal r…
Definition-2 or more people who have a common business intere…
Definition-Legal, artificial, intangible entity created pursu…
Factors
1. creation- the legal steps to create an entity; how much ap…
sole proprietorship
most common... One person business usually created on personal r…
32 terms
Law Chapter 11
A transfer of a right a party may have…
The party that transfers the contractu…
One who owes a duty under a contract
Fulfillment of contractual promises as…
Assignment
Assignor/Asignee
Obligor
Performance
A transfer of a right a party may have…
Assignment
The party that transfers the contractu…
Assignor/Asignee
15 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
assignment
obligator
performance
discharge
A transfer of legal right to collect an amount payable under…
The one who owes a duty under a contract.
Fulfillment of contractual promises as agreed.
Termination of a contract of duties that ordinarily occurs wh…
assignment
A transfer of legal right to collect an amount payable under…
obligator
The one who owes a duty under a contract.
64 terms
Chapter 11 - Healthcare Law
law
common law
statutes
civil law
a body of rules for the conduct of individual and organizatio…
created by federal, state, and local governments
created by legislature
focuses on the wrongful acts against individuals and organiza…
law
a body of rules for the conduct of individual and organizatio…
common law
created by federal, state, and local governments
64 terms
Chapter 11 - Healthcare Law
law
common law
statutes
civil law
a body of rules for the conduct of individual and organizatio…
created by federal, state, and local governments
created by legislature
focuses on the wrongful acts against individuals and organiza…
law
a body of rules for the conduct of individual and organizatio…
common law
created by federal, state, and local governments
Criminal Law Chapter 11
Theft
Robbery
fraud
receiving stolen property
372
372
372
372
Theft
372
Robbery
372
10 terms
Business Law- Chapter 11
Duress
Physical Threat
Improper Threat
Undue Influence
Refers to a situation where someone performs an act as a resu…
Coercion involving physical force renders the agreement void
Blackmail, you can void the contract
The unfair persuasion of a person by a party in a dominant po…
Duress
Refers to a situation where someone performs an act as a resu…
Physical Threat
Coercion involving physical force renders the agreement void
97 terms
Law & Policy Chapter 11: Discrimination in Employment
Numerous federal laws prohibit discrim…
What are the six federal laws that pro…
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1…
Title VII prohibits employers with 15…
public and private employment.
1. 14th Amendment (Equal Protection Clause) ... 2. Title VII of…
the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
Numerous federal laws prohibit discrim…
public and private employment.
What are the six federal laws that pro…
1. 14th Amendment (Equal Protection Clause) ... 2. Title VII of…
20 terms
Law 331 chapter 11
Contract
Objective Theory of Contracts
Requirements of a Valid Contract
Defenses to the Enforceability of a Co…
A promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the la…
A party's intention to enter into a contract is judged by out…
Agreement, Consideration, Contractual Capacity, Legality
Voluntary Consent & Form
Contract
A promise or a set of promises for the breach of which the la…
Objective Theory of Contracts
A party's intention to enter into a contract is judged by out…
51 terms
Chapter 11: Contract Law
Offeror
Oferee
Contract Clause
Objective Theory of Contracts
the person/ party who offers to make a contract
the person/party whom contract offer is made
Article 1, section 10 clause 1 of the US Constitution, preven…
A standard courts use to find evidence based on the parties w…
Offeror
the person/ party who offers to make a contract
Oferee
the person/party whom contract offer is made
7 terms
Law 3220 Chapter 11
IRS three-prong test
agent's duties owed to principal
rescind
disgorgement
1. behavioral aspects of the agency... 2. financial arrangements…
1. loyalty... 2. obedience... 3. care... 4. disclosure... 5. accounting
when agent breaches duty of loyalty
when agent breaches & has to return any funds earned as a res…
IRS three-prong test
1. behavioral aspects of the agency... 2. financial arrangements…
agent's duties owed to principal
1. loyalty... 2. obedience... 3. care... 4. disclosure... 5. accounting
44 terms
Media Law Chapter 11
Porn
indecency
obscenity (Miller test)
Miller v California
a vague term for sexually orientedmaterial
a narrow term referring to sexual expression and expletives i…
1. whether the average person would find that work appeals to…
created test for obscenity
Porn
a vague term for sexually orientedmaterial
indecency
a narrow term referring to sexual expression and expletives i…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Business Law
Contract
Elements of a Contract
Subject of Matter Contracts
Parties to a Contract
Legally binding agreement that creates an obligation
Agreement (2) between competent parties, (3) based on genuine…
May relate to personal service performance or the transfer of…
Promiser/obligor: makes a promise... Promisee/obligee: person to…
Contract
Legally binding agreement that creates an obligation
Elements of a Contract
Agreement (2) between competent parties, (3) based on genuine…
27 terms
Chapter 11 - Business Law
acceptance
agreement
counteroffer
estop
The voluntary act (expressed or implied), by the Offeree that…
A meeting of 2 or more minds in regard to the terms of a cont…
An offeree's response to an offer in which the offeree reject…
To bar, impede, or preclude.
acceptance
The voluntary act (expressed or implied), by the Offeree that…
agreement
A meeting of 2 or more minds in regard to the terms of a cont…
8 terms
Law & You Chapter 11
Infancy
Intoxication
Insanity
Entrapment
Children under age 7 are legally incapable of committing murd…
Involuntary intoxication unknowingly injested intoxicant
Mental state or disease caused come to hapen
Defendant was induced or persuaded to commit crime... Difficult…
Infancy
Children under age 7 are legally incapable of committing murd…
Intoxication
Involuntary intoxication unknowingly injested intoxicant
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Bilateral Contract
Contract
Executed Contract
Executory Contract
A type of contract that arises when a promise is given in exc…
An agreement that can be enforced in court; formed by two or…
A contract that has been completely performed by both parties
A contract that has not been fully performed
Bilateral Contract
A type of contract that arises when a promise is given in exc…
Contract
An agreement that can be enforced in court; formed by two or…
29 terms
Law and Ethics Chapter 11 Terms
Amniocentesis
Artificial Insemination
Chromosome
Clone
A test whereby the physician withdraws a sample of amniotic f…
The mechanical injection of viable semen into the vagina
A microscopic structure found within the nucleus of all livin…
An organism produced asexually, usually from a single cell of…
Amniocentesis
A test whereby the physician withdraws a sample of amniotic f…
Artificial Insemination
The mechanical injection of viable semen into the vagina
10 terms
Business Law chapter 11
Credit
creditor
debtor
interest
is an arrangement in which you receive cash, gods, or service…
is the party who sells the goods on credit or lends the money
is the party who buys the goods or credit or borrows the money
is a fee creditors charge for lending money or extending credit
Credit
is an arrangement in which you receive cash, gods, or service…
creditor
is the party who sells the goods on credit or lends the money
22 terms
Business Law - Chapter 11
Nuisance
Air Pollution Control Act
Clean Air Act
Water Quality Act of 1965
Interference with use and enjoyment
First dealing with air pollution
Federal Law that controls air emissions
Created the FWPCA; States required to establish water quality…
Nuisance
Interference with use and enjoyment
Air Pollution Control Act
First dealing with air pollution
14 terms
Finance Law Chapter 11
voluntary consent
unilateral mistake
material fact
bilateral mistake
assent (voluntary approval)
when only one party is mistaken as to a material fact; genera…
a fact important to the subject matter of the contract
when both parties are mistaken about the same material fact,…
voluntary consent
assent (voluntary approval)
unilateral mistake
when only one party is mistaken as to a material fact; genera…
52 terms
Law Chapter 11 & 12
Commercial host
Arbitration
Counterclaim
Standard of care
A business that serves food and alcholic drinks to consumers
The process in which parties in dispute select a neutral thir…
Is what a defendant can file if they want to sue the plantiff
A level of care that an ordinary person would use in a situat…
Commercial host
A business that serves food and alcholic drinks to consumers
Arbitration
The process in which parties in dispute select a neutral thir…
23 terms
Chapter 11 GAS LAWS
away prop
expansion kmt
together prop
compression kmt
expansion
1,3 small particles far apart
compression
1 small particles far apart
away prop
expansion
expansion kmt
1,3 small particles far apart
21 terms
Law 3220 Chapter 11
Uniform Commercial Code
goods
good faith
merchant
or UCC, a statute passed in similar form by the states that s…
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
in UCC, honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction in ques…
in UCC, one who regularly deals in goods covered by contract…
Uniform Commercial Code
or UCC, a statute passed in similar form by the states that s…
goods
UCC manufactured things (not services) that are movable and h…
20 terms
Business Law Chapter 11
Sources of Contract law
offeror
offeree
contract
Statutes, Common Law, Administrative Agencies
making the offer
person to whom the offer is made
a promise or a set of promises of which the law gives a remed…
Sources of Contract law
Statutes, Common Law, Administrative Agencies
offeror
making the offer
30 terms
Contract Law Chapter 11
Why was the UCC designed?
The UCC is a _____ act only, and is no…
True or false: All states have adopted…
When was the UCC originally promulgated?
to address contract deals involving parties that might be sev…
model; federal; state
True
1951
Why was the UCC designed?
to address contract deals involving parties that might be sev…
The UCC is a _____ act only, and is no…
model; federal; state
35 terms
law 2330 chapter 11
lex mercatoria
Uniform commercial code
goods
what are parties bound to in UCC
("the law merchant")... Traditionally merchants who disregarded…
(UCC) Governs contracts for sale of goods not services... reduce…
all things which are movable at the time of identification to…
good faith and honest dealing
lex mercatoria
("the law merchant")... Traditionally merchants who disregarded…
Uniform commercial code
(UCC) Governs contracts for sale of goods not services... reduce…
24 terms
Chapter 11 Criminal Law
property crimes include:
what is property?
formerly, theft was called:
what is embezzlement?
the theft or taking of property, damage, destruction of prope…
something that is capable of being owned
larceny
a crime in which the actor gains possession of the property l…
property crimes include:
the theft or taking of property, damage, destruction of prope…
what is property?
something that is capable of being owned
16 terms
Chapter 11: Gases Laws
Dalton's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's law
Boyle's Law
At constant volume and temperature, the total pressure exerte…
The volume of a fixed mass of gas varies directly with the Ke…
the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…
For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…
Dalton's Law
At constant volume and temperature, the total pressure exerte…
Charles's Law
The volume of a fixed mass of gas varies directly with the Ke…
9 terms
Chapter 11: Gas Laws
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay Lussac's Law
P(t) = P₁ + P₂ + P₃......... Sum of the partial pressures equal…
Pressure and Volume have an inverse relationship... When Tempera…
Temperature and Volume are directly related... When Pressure and…
Temperature and Pressure are directly related... When Volume and…
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
P(t) = P₁ + P₂ + P₃......... Sum of the partial pressures equal…
Boyle's Law
Pressure and Volume have an inverse relationship... When Tempera…
29 terms
LAW 231 Chapter 11 Vocab
choice-of-law clause
conforming goods
cover
cure
a clause in a contract designating the law (such as the law o…
goods that conform to contract specifications
a buyer or lessee's purchase on the open market of goods to s…
under the UCC, the right of a party who tenders nonconforming…
choice-of-law clause
a clause in a contract designating the law (such as the law o…
conforming goods
goods that conform to contract specifications
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