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Study sets matching "law chapter 12"

43 terms
Family Law - Chapter 12
Autonomy, right to personal
Battered woman syndrome
Bona fide occupational qualification (…
Cause of action
See right to privacy.
A woman's psychological helplessness or paralysis because of…
Standard or often-used language that is commonly found in the…
(1) A legally acceptable reason for bringing a suit. A rule t…
Autonomy, right to personal
See right to privacy.
Battered woman syndrome
A woman's psychological helplessness or paralysis because of…
15 terms
Business Law - Chapter 12
Blue Laws
Sunday Agreement
Gambling Agreement
Interest
Laws that regulate activities on Sundays and legal holidays
A contract made on a Sunday
Performance by one party depends on the occurrence of an unce…
Charge for the use of borrowed money
Blue Laws
Laws that regulate activities on Sundays and legal holidays
Sunday Agreement
A contract made on a Sunday
15 terms
Chapter 12 (Law 12)
Juvenile Delinquents
training schools
Young Offenders Act
Young Offender
lawbreakers under the age of 16; a phrase popular in the 1950…
correctional institutions for juveniles found to be delinquen…
Federal legislation that replaced the Juvenile Delinquents Ac…
A person under 18 who has broken the law
Juvenile Delinquents
lawbreakers under the age of 16; a phrase popular in the 1950…
training schools
correctional institutions for juveniles found to be delinquen…
56 terms
Law Chapter 12
torts
compensatory damages
punitive damages
gross negligence
wrongs and compensation. One person or group brings a lawsuit…
to compensate or reimburse the plaintiff for actual losses. (…
used in tort cases to punish the wrongdoer and deter others f…
intentional failure to perform a manifest duty in reckless di…
torts
wrongs and compensation. One person or group brings a lawsuit…
compensatory damages
to compensate or reimburse the plaintiff for actual losses. (…
31 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
1. Mistakes in contract law result fro…
2. For fraudulent misrepresentation to…
3. A negligent misrepresentation resul…
4. In legal terms nondisclosure involv…
False
True
True
False
1. Mistakes in contract law result fro…
False
2. For fraudulent misrepresentation to…
True
24 terms
Law Chapter 12 and 13
Booking
Arraignment
Bail
Personal Recognizance
Formal process of making a police record of the arrest
a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or…
A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an a…
A release from legal custody based on a defendant's promise t…
Booking
Formal process of making a police record of the arrest
Arraignment
a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or…
21 terms
Chapter 12: Criminal Law and Young People
perception
peaking
criminologist
adolescents
viewpoint, one's understanding of things
being at the highest
one who studies law
teenagers
perception
viewpoint, one's understanding of things
peaking
being at the highest
14 terms
Street Law Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Arrest
Arrest warrant
Probable cause
Drug courier profile
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committ…
using commonly held notions of what typical drug couriers loo…
Arrest
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
Arrest warrant
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
14 terms
Street Law Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Arrest
Arrest warrant
Probable cause
Drug courier profile
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committ…
using commonly held notions of what typical drug couriers loo…
Arrest
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
Arrest warrant
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
17 terms
Business Law - Chapter 12 Vocab
Adoption
Alimony
Annulment
Bigamist
Legal process that creates a parent-child relationship
the support paid by the wage earner of the family to the othe…
court order that cancels a marriage because of a problem that…
a person who knowingly marries a second spouse while still ma…
Adoption
Legal process that creates a parent-child relationship
Alimony
the support paid by the wage earner of the family to the othe…
59 terms
LAW 3220 CHAPTER 12
Attachment
Attachment Lien
Lien
Bankruptcy
The legal process of seizing another's property in accordance…
A lien on property seized by attachment; usually made final u…
Legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
A proceeding under the law that is initiated by an insolvent…
Attachment
The legal process of seizing another's property in accordance…
Attachment Lien
A lien on property seized by attachment; usually made final u…
20 terms
Chapter 12 - Contract Law
act as scriveners
addendum
amendment
counteroffer
real estate agents do not draft contracts. Instead they fill…
add on
change
any change o the essential terms of an offer by the offeree.…
act as scriveners
real estate agents do not draft contracts. Instead they fill…
addendum
add on
25 terms
Law Chapter 12
contract
promisor
promisee
obligor
a legally binding agreement
the person who makes a promise
the person to whom the promise is made
if the promise is binding, it imposes on the promisor a duty…
contract
a legally binding agreement
promisor
the person who makes a promise
60 terms
Law - Chapter 12
Bench Trial
Preference for bench trial may be infl…
Who shows less support for a JURY trial
Kalven & Zeisel Study: Out of 3,500 ju…
verdict decided by the JUDGE
race and ethnicity
African Americans and Hispanics
500
Bench Trial
verdict decided by the JUDGE
Preference for bench trial may be infl…
race and ethnicity
13 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
Actual authority
Agent
Apparent authority
Disclosed principal
The authorization, either express or implied, that an agent r…
A person who acts on behalf of another.
Authority created when a principal holds out an agent as bein…
A principal whose existence and identity are known to the thi…
Actual authority
The authorization, either express or implied, that an agent r…
Agent
A person who acts on behalf of another.
22 terms
Law- Chapter 12
Occupier
Contractual entrant
Invitee
Licensee
Someone who has some degree of control over land or buildings…
Any person who has paid (contracted) for the right to enter t…
Any person who comes onto the property to provide the occupie…
Any person whose presence is not a benefit to the occupier bu…
Occupier
Someone who has some degree of control over land or buildings…
Contractual entrant
Any person who has paid (contracted) for the right to enter t…
16 terms
law 293 chapter 12
good tittle
negligence
express warranty
implied warranty
except where its disclaimed, sellers can transfer this tittle…
a manufacturer is liable for its failure exercise it's due ca…
A written guarantee and its only facts on quality of the goods
An unwritten guarantee that the good or service is fit for th…
good tittle
except where its disclaimed, sellers can transfer this tittle…
negligence
a manufacturer is liable for its failure exercise it's due ca…
25 terms
Law: Chapter 12- Terms
Negligence
Intent
Duty of Care
Reasonable Person
A failure to exercise reasonable care that results in injury…
The true purpose of one's actions; also the state of a person…
A specific legal obligation to not harm other people or their…
the standard used in determining if a person's conduct in a p…
Negligence
A failure to exercise reasonable care that results in injury…
Intent
The true purpose of one's actions; also the state of a person…
76 terms
Law Chapter 12
Criminal law
Rules of criminal procedure
Rules of evidence
Crime
Law that deals with harm to society as a whole
Federal and state rules that regulate how criminal proceeding…
Federal and state rules that govern the admissibility of evid…
An activity that has been prohibited by the legislature as vi…
Criminal law
Law that deals with harm to society as a whole
Rules of criminal procedure
Federal and state rules that regulate how criminal proceeding…
12 terms
Chapter 12 Newton's Law's of Motion
Newton's Law's of Motion
Inertia
Acceleration
Newton
relationship between motion and forces
tendency of an object to resist changes
change in motion of an object
used to measure force, equal to .225lb
Newton's Law's of Motion
relationship between motion and forces
Inertia
tendency of an object to resist changes
37 terms
Law- Chapter 12
Actionable
Business Invitee
actual malice
assult
Capable of serving as the basis of a lawsuit.
Those people, such as customers or clients who are invited on…
a condition that exist when a person makes a statement with e…
any word or action that intended to make another person fearf…
Actionable
Capable of serving as the basis of a lawsuit.
Business Invitee
Those people, such as customers or clients who are invited on…
77 terms
Law Chapter 12
business organization
set up phase
operating stage
exit strategy
1. set up phase... 2. operating stage... 3. exit strategy
create entity, how to set it up, what are the characteristics
growing and expanding business
should you sell business at end, what to do with it after
business organization
1. set up phase... 2. operating stage... 3. exit strategy
set up phase
create entity, how to set it up, what are the characteristics
13 terms
Law Chapter 12 Vocab
Promisor
Promisee
Consideration
Legal Value
The party making the promise
The party the promise was made to
Requires a promisee to pay the "price" the promisor asked for…
As long as it might have value to someone, it has this
Promisor
The party making the promise
Promisee
The party the promise was made to
16 terms
Law Studies Chapter 12
arrest
arrest warrant
probable cause
drug courier profile
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
a court order commanding that the person named in it must be…
having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committ…
based on commonly held notions concerning the typical age, ra…
arrest
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
arrest warrant
a court order commanding that the person named in it must be…
law chapter 12
consequential damages 213
incidental damages 212
liquidated damages 215
mitigation of damages 214
also known as special damages Foreseeable damages that ... resul…
Expenses that are directly incurred because of a ... breach of c…
provision in a contract specifies that a certain dollar amoun…
the required action depends on the nature of the ... situation.…
consequential damages 213
also known as special damages Foreseeable damages that ... resul…
incidental damages 212
Expenses that are directly incurred because of a ... breach of c…
16 terms
Law Chapter 12
perjury
statute of frauds
within the statute of frauds
without the statute of frauds
crime of lying under oath
law stating that certain agreements are not enforceable in co…
contracts required to be in writing to be enforceable in court
contrat which are not governed by the statue of frauds, thus…
perjury
crime of lying under oath
statute of frauds
law stating that certain agreements are not enforceable in co…
16 terms
Business law: Chapter 12
acceptance
agreement
browse-wrap terms
click-on agreement
in contract law, the offeree's notification to the offeror th…
a meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of cont…
terms and conditions of use that are presented to an internet…
an agreement that arises when a buyer, engaging in a transact…
acceptance
in contract law, the offeree's notification to the offeror th…
agreement
a meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of cont…
16 terms
Chapter 12 Law
Employment Discrimination
Equal Employment Opportunity Commissio…
Title VII
Age Discrimination in Employment Act o…
discrimination in the hiring process and treatment of employees
five member agency that assures victims of discrimination ade…
applies to any sector of 15+ employees. prohibits discriminat…
prohibiting discrimination of employees over 40
Employment Discrimination
discrimination in the hiring process and treatment of employees
Equal Employment Opportunity Commissio…
five member agency that assures victims of discrimination ade…
16 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
Acceptance
Agreement
Browse-Wrap Terms
Click-On Agreement
...
A meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of a co…
Terms and conditions of use that are presented to an Internet…
An agreement that arises when a buyer, engaging in a transact…
Acceptance
...
Agreement
A meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of a co…
15 terms
Law- Chapter 12 Vocab
Sale
Ownership
Contract To Sell
Price
A contract in which ownership of good transfers immediately f…
A collection of rights that allow the use and enjoyment of pr…
When the transfer of ownership is to take place in the future
The consideration for a sale or contract to sell goods
Sale
A contract in which ownership of good transfers immediately f…
Ownership
A collection of rights that allow the use and enjoyment of pr…
17 terms
Business Law- CH12- Vocab
occupier
nuisance
trespasser
false imprisonment
Someone who has some degree of control over land or buildings…
Any activity on an occupier's property that unreasonably and…
Any person who is not invited onto the property and whose pre…
Unlawful detention or physical restraint or coercion by psych…
occupier
Someone who has some degree of control over land or buildings…
nuisance
Any activity on an occupier's property that unreasonably and…
35 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
agreement
offer
three elements of an offer
examples of non-offers
essential element for contract formation; must agree on terms…
promise or commitment to do or refrain from doing some specif…
1. serious intention to become bound by the offer... 2. definite…
1. expression of opinion... 2. statement of future intent... 3. pre…
agreement
essential element for contract formation; must agree on terms…
offer
promise or commitment to do or refrain from doing some specif…
23 terms
American Law Chapter 12
assault
Battery
Bail
Burglary
placing someone in fear without actual physical contact
harming someone through physical contact, as with a weapon or…
sum of money the accused leaves with the court until he or sh…
The act of breaking into a building with plans to do somethin…
assault
placing someone in fear without actual physical contact
Battery
harming someone through physical contact, as with a weapon or…
29 terms
LAW 3220 CHAPTER 12
Articles of Organization
Board of Directors
Business Judgment Rule
Certificate of Incorporation
Limited liability companies must produce this document, and s…
The principals of a corporation, elected by shareholders, res…
A principle of corporate law under which a court will not cha…
A certificate issued by a state government recognizing the ex…
Articles of Organization
Limited liability companies must produce this document, and s…
Board of Directors
The principals of a corporation, elected by shareholders, res…
26 terms
Business Law: Chapter 12
Persons who are not assumed to have co…
Minor
Age of Majority
Period of minority
Minors... Insane persons... Intoxicated persons
Person who has not reached the age of majority (does not have…
Generally 18 years for both males and females.
Any age below the statutory age of majority.
Persons who are not assumed to have co…
Minors... Insane persons... Intoxicated persons
Minor
Person who has not reached the age of majority (does not have…
chapter 12 b-law
offer
offeror
offeree
letter of intent
An act or statement that proposes definite terms and permits…
the person who makes the offer
the person to whom an offer is made
a letter that summarizes negotiating progress
offer
An act or statement that proposes definite terms and permits…
offeror
the person who makes the offer
14 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
Agreement normally is evidenced by an…
The _____must have a serious intention…
The terms of the offer must be reasona…
The offer must be _______to the offeree.
True
Offeror
Ascertain
Communicated
Agreement normally is evidenced by an…
True
The _____must have a serious intention…
Offeror
14 terms
CHAPTER 12 LAW VOCABULARY
BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS
BREAK EVEN POINT
BREAK EVEN UNITS
CURRENT RATIO
EXAMINATION OF THE INCOME STATEMENT THAT IDENTIFIES THE BREAK…
POINT AT WHICH THE TOTAL AT THE BOTTOM OF THE INCOME STATEMEN…
NUMBER OF UNITS OF SALE A BUSINESS NEEDS TO SELL TO ARRIVE AT…
CURRENT ASSETS DIVIDED BY CURRENT LIABILITIES
BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS
EXAMINATION OF THE INCOME STATEMENT THAT IDENTIFIES THE BREAK…
BREAK EVEN POINT
POINT AT WHICH THE TOTAL AT THE BOTTOM OF THE INCOME STATEMEN…
14 terms
Street Law Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Arrest
Arrest warrant
Probable cause
Drug courier profile
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committ…
using commonly held notions of what typical drug couriers loo…
Arrest
when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
Arrest warrant
a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
53 terms
Chapter 12- Criminal Law
crime
due process
model penal code
felonies
an activity that has been prohibited by the legislature as vi…
fifth and fourth amendments guarantees that notice and a hear…
the american law institutes proposal for a uniform set of cri…
serious crimes, year or more in state prison
crime
an activity that has been prohibited by the legislature as vi…
due process
fifth and fourth amendments guarantees that notice and a hear…
18 terms
chapter 12 street law
what does the fifth amendment provide…
statements made by a defendant in cust…
what is not mentioned in the miranda w…
saying something against yourself
the right to remain silent
admissible at the trial if the defendant repeats them after p…
right to be protected from unreasonable searches and seizures
self-incrimination
what does the fifth amendment provide…
the right to remain silent
statements made by a defendant in cust…
admissible at the trial if the defendant repeats them after p…
42 terms
law chapter 12
Actionable
Actual malice
Assault
Assumption of risk
capable of serving as ground for a lawsuit
a statement made with either knowledge of its falsity or reck…
any intentional and unexcused threat of immediate harmful or…
plaintiff not allowed to recover with knowledge of risk and v…
Actionable
capable of serving as ground for a lawsuit
Actual malice
a statement made with either knowledge of its falsity or reck…
92 terms
Law & Policy: Chapter 12 Termination of Employment
A teacher is entitled to procedural du…
A teachers interest in public employme…
Granting of ______ and a _____ establi…
A property interest is a...
a property or liberty interest.
significant property and liberty rights.
-tenure... -contract
legitimate claim of entitlement to continued employment that…
A teacher is entitled to procedural du…
a property or liberty interest.
A teachers interest in public employme…
significant property and liberty rights.
10 terms
Chapter 12: Employment Law
employment at will doctrine
Four theories of Discrimination:
Disparate treatment
McDonnell Douglas indirect method of p…
unless you have a contract of employment guaranteeing you emp…
disparate treatment, disparate impact, ... harassment, and retal…
(intentional discrimination). The job applicant or... employee…
involves shifting burdens of production:... The employee has the…
employment at will doctrine
unless you have a contract of employment guaranteeing you emp…
Four theories of Discrimination:
disparate treatment, disparate impact, ... harassment, and retal…
30 terms
business law chapter 12
Generally, consideration must have: le…
First elements - legally sufficient va…
Second element of consideration bargai…
Something of legal value (a promise, o…
Value, exchange
Promise, performance, or forbearance
Bargain
...
Generally, consideration must have: le…
Value, exchange
First elements - legally sufficient va…
Promise, performance, or forbearance
27 terms
Law 332 Chapter 12
agreement
Meeting of the minds
requirements of the offer
what is not an offer
offer and acceptance,... parties show mutual assent
parties must understand eachother, a judge assesses dissagree…
offerors serious intention,... definiteness of terms,... communicat…
offer made in anger or jest or excitement,... expressions of opi…
agreement
offer and acceptance,... parties show mutual assent
Meeting of the minds
parties must understand eachother, a judge assesses dissagree…
28 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
bilateral contract
contract
elements of a contract
promisor
agreement under which one promise is given in exchange for an…
a binding agreement based on the genuine assent of the partie…
(1) An agreement (2) between competent parties (3) based on t…
person who makes a promise
bilateral contract
agreement under which one promise is given in exchange for an…
contract
a binding agreement based on the genuine assent of the partie…
21 terms
Law & Ethics for the Health Professions Chapter 12
Active euthanasia
Brain death
Coma
Curative care
A conscious medical act that results in the death of a dying…
Final cessation of bodily activity, used to determine when de…
A condition of deep stupor from which the patient cannot be r…
Treatment directed toward curing a patient's disease
Active euthanasia
A conscious medical act that results in the death of a dying…
Brain death
Final cessation of bodily activity, used to determine when de…
14 terms
Business Law- Chapter 12
Intended beneficiary
Incidental beneficiary
Assignment
Delegation
Has rights. Examples include: ... Creditor Beneficiary (intended…
Has no rights. Is affected by a contract but not apart of the…
Contracting party may transfer their rights under a contract.
Transfer of duties from a contract.
Intended beneficiary
Has rights. Examples include: ... Creditor Beneficiary (intended…
Incidental beneficiary
Has no rights. Is affected by a contract but not apart of the…
26 terms
Business Law Chapter 12
Agreement
Offer
Evidence of Agreement
Objective theory of contracts
A meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of a co…
A promise or commitment to perform or refrain from performing…
An offer and an acceptance.
A party's words and conduct are held to mean whatever a reaso…
Agreement
A meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of a co…
Offer
A promise or commitment to perform or refrain from performing…
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