Study sets matching "law chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 2"

17 terms
Business Law, Chapter 2 vocabulary
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
The document drafted by the representatives of the 13 origina…
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the 13…
document that consists of 7 articles that provides a workable…
first 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution.
Declaration of Independence
The document drafted by the representatives of the 13 origina…
Articles of Confederation
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the 13…
13 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab - LAW
Accost (verb)
Avid (Adj.)
Devious (Adj.)
Gambit (Noun)
To approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging…
Desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
Straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done…
In chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of…
Accost (verb)
To approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging…
Avid (Adj.)
Desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager
17 terms
Business Law Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
Asserted the rights of the 13 original American colonies
Charter for government adopted by the 13 colonies prior to th…
The framework for the federal government
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Declaration of Independence
Asserted the rights of the 13 original American colonies
Articles of Confederation
Charter for government adopted by the 13 colonies prior to th…
21 terms
Criminal Law Chapter 2
Unconstitutional criminal statutes
writ of certiorari
Bill of Rights
Procedural Criminal Law
1. Because of their content, which is known as a violation "o…
an order to the lower court to send the case forward for revi…
the first 10 amendments in the U.S Constitution which guarant…
The rules governing how the criminal law is administered.
Unconstitutional criminal statutes
1. Because of their content, which is known as a violation "o…
writ of certiorari
an order to the lower court to send the case forward for revi…
14 terms
Law & Ethics Chapter 2
needs-based motivation
teleological or consequence-oriented t…
ultilitarianism
principle of utility
the theory that human behavior is based on specific human nee…
decision-making theory that judges the rightness or wrongness…
a consequence-oriented theory that states that decisions shou…
used in utilitarianism; requires that the rule used in making…
needs-based motivation
the theory that human behavior is based on specific human nee…
teleological or consequence-oriented t…
decision-making theory that judges the rightness or wrongness…
14 terms
Law & Ethics Chapter 2
needs-based motivation
teleological or consequence-oriented t…
ultilitarianism
principle of utility
the theory that human behavior is based on specific human nee…
decision-making theory that judges the rightness or wrongness…
a consequence-oriented theory that states that decisions shou…
used in utilitarianism; requires that the rule used in making…
needs-based motivation
the theory that human behavior is based on specific human nee…
teleological or consequence-oriented t…
decision-making theory that judges the rightness or wrongness…
11 terms
Business Law Chapter 2 & 3
Litigate
Mediator
Arbitrator
Appellate Court
allow a court to resolve their disputes
tries to develop a solution acceptable to both sides of the d…
holds an informal hearing to determine what happened; is lega…
reviews decisions of lower courts when a party claims an erro…
Litigate
allow a court to resolve their disputes
Mediator
tries to develop a solution acceptable to both sides of the d…
11 terms
Business Law Chapter 2- Cowins
Eighth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Sixth
Thirteenth
The amendment that prevents the imposing of excessive bail or…
Gives power to the states in areas not covered by the Constit…
Guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial
The amendment that abolished slavery
Eighth Amendment
The amendment that prevents the imposing of excessive bail or…
Tenth Amendment
Gives power to the states in areas not covered by the Constit…
Business Law chapter 2
Judicial Review -
Jurisdiction -
In personam jurisdiction -
In rem jurisdiction -
as a branch of government entrusted with interpreting the law…
the power to speak the law; before any court can hear a case,…
a particular court usually can exercise personal jurisdiction…
jurisdiction over property that is located within its boundar…
Judicial Review -
as a branch of government entrusted with interpreting the law…
Jurisdiction -
the power to speak the law; before any court can hear a case,…
Law: Chapter 2
What is the 3 branches of the Canadian…
Canadian Legal System
Constitutional Law
What is under the Legislative Branch?
Legislative, Executive & Judicial
the machinery that comprises and governs the legislative, exe…
the supreme law of Canada—is charged with ascertaining and en…
parliament --> House of commons & senate
What is the 3 branches of the Canadian…
Legislative, Executive & Judicial
Canadian Legal System
the machinery that comprises and governs the legislative, exe…
28 terms
Business Law - Chapter 2
Judicial Review
Jurisdiction
In personam jurisdiction
In rem jurisdiction
The process for determining whether the laws and actions of t…
"The power to speak the law"
Jurisdiction over any person or business that resides in a ce…
Jurisdiction over property that is located within a certain g…
Judicial Review
The process for determining whether the laws and actions of t…
Jurisdiction
"The power to speak the law"
19 terms
Chapter 2 law
Bill of rights
Due process
Self incrimination
Exclusionary rule
Self forth the fundamental individual rights government and l…
Refers to two aspects of law procedural in which a person is…
Acts or declarations either as testimony at trial or prior to…
Circumstances surrounding the seizure do not meet warrent req…
Bill of rights
Self forth the fundamental individual rights government and l…
Due process
Refers to two aspects of law procedural in which a person is…
77 terms
Medical Law & Ethics Chapter 2
Administrative Law
Assault
Battery
Beyond a reasonable doubt
Law that covers regulations by government agencies
Imminent apprehension of bodily harm
Bodily harm and unlawful touching
Evidence that a person committed a crime
Administrative Law
Law that covers regulations by government agencies
Assault
Imminent apprehension of bodily harm
14 terms
Chapter 2 Law Key Terms
Reasonable limits clause
Human rights
Stereotyping
Summary conviction
Allows certain limits to be set on rights and freedoms
Rights that protect one from being discriminated against by o…
Applying characteristics assumed to belong to one member of a…
An offence that can be tried without a jury
Reasonable limits clause
Allows certain limits to be set on rights and freedoms
Human rights
Rights that protect one from being discriminated against by o…
11 terms
Business Law Chapter 2
Damages
Fraud
Intentional torts
Libel
The loss suffered by a plaintiff in a civil lawsuit; a moneta…
Intentional misrepresentation of a material fact, made to dec…
Those torts that arise out of a voluntary act, including but…
Written defamation.
Damages
The loss suffered by a plaintiff in a civil lawsuit; a moneta…
Fraud
Intentional misrepresentation of a material fact, made to dec…
44 terms
Chapter 2- Law and Ethics
Ethics
Negligence
Defendant
Abandonment
Wrong and right conduct
Most common type of medical tort liability
The person being sued
When a doctor stops the care of a patient without reasonable…
Ethics
Wrong and right conduct
Negligence
Most common type of medical tort liability
Law Studies Chapter 2
Any powers that are not specifically d…
When the states ratified the constitut…
establishes that the federal constitut…
prohibits the government from either e…
Reserved Powers
Delegated Powers
Supremacy Clause
Establishment Clause
Any powers that are not specifically d…
Reserved Powers
When the states ratified the constitut…
Delegated Powers
LAW 3220 CHAPTER 2
-US District Courts... -US Courts of Appe…
Nominated by the President and confirm…
Doctrine of Judicial Immunity
Original Jurisdiction
What are the three levels of the federal court system? (DCS)
How are federal judges established?
Doctrine that a judge is absolutely immune from suit for dama…
Power of a court to take a lawsuit at its beginning, try it,…
-US District Courts... -US Courts of Appe…
What are the three levels of the federal court system? (DCS)
Nominated by the President and confirm…
How are federal judges established?
15 terms
Chapter 2 Business Law
Bill of Rights
Checks and Balances
Commerce Clause
Compelling Government Interest
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
The principle under which the powers of the national governme…
The provision in Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constituti…
A test of constitutionality that requires the government to h…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Checks and Balances
The principle under which the powers of the national governme…
17 terms
Law Chapter 2
Jurisdiction
Diversity of citizenship
Original jurisdiction
Appellate courts and intermediate courts
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Cases which involve citizens of different states and in which…
Authority of a court to try a case the first time it is heard
Courts between lower and higher courts who hear appeals and r…
Jurisdiction
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Diversity of citizenship
Cases which involve citizens of different states and in which…
11 terms
Pharmacy Law Chapter 2
Act
Amendment
1906 Federal Food and Drug Act
1914 Harrison Narcotic Act
a statuary plan passed by Congress or any legislature which i…
A change in the original act or law
Manufactures were required to put truthful information on the…
People could no longer obtain opium without a prescription.... R…
Act
a statuary plan passed by Congress or any legislature which i…
Amendment
A change in the original act or law
78 terms
Law: Chapter 2
Intermediate courts are called
Federal cases involving citizens of di…
Courts that hear cases involving young…
Because U. S. Courts of Appeals have t…
Appellate courts
Diversity of citizenship... (exceeding 75,000)
Juvenile courts
appellate jurisdiction
Intermediate courts are called
Appellate courts
Federal cases involving citizens of di…
Diversity of citizenship... (exceeding 75,000)
64 terms
Chapter 2 Law Flashcards
What is jurisdiction in general?
What are six types of jurisdictions?
Define Original jurisdiction
Define Appellate jurisdiction
the power and authority of a court to hear and decide a certa…
- Original jurisdiction ... - Appellate jurisdiction ... - General…
the power to try or hear cases when first brought and reach a…
the power to review law as to decided cases; appeals courts h…
What is jurisdiction in general?
the power and authority of a court to hear and decide a certa…
What are six types of jurisdictions?
- Original jurisdiction ... - Appellate jurisdiction ... - General…
35 terms
Law Chapter 2
decleration of independence
articles of confederation
u.s. constitution
Bill of rights
document adopted by delegates from the 13 colonies which decl…
describes government of their union
includes 7 articles of framework for the federal govt. also k…
the first 10 amendments to the constitution granting personal…
decleration of independence
document adopted by delegates from the 13 colonies which decl…
articles of confederation
describes government of their union
12 terms
Law Ed. ( Street Law) Chapter 2. Key terms (12)
Statutes
Ordinances
Supremacy Clause
Bills
The lawmaking authority of congress is exercised through the…
Local governments pass laws known as Ordinances or regulations.
The courts ruled the state laws invalid based on Article VI o…
Legislatures and other lawmaking bodies try to respond to the…
Statutes
The lawmaking authority of congress is exercised through the…
Ordinances
Local governments pass laws known as Ordinances or regulations.
Law 368 Chapter 2
Types of Property
Severance
Fixture
3 Fixture Tests
Real: immovable... Personal: movable ... Private... Public: government…
Turns real property into personal property
Personal property that becomes real property
Annexation: fixed or fastened to real property... Adaptation: an…
Types of Property
Real: immovable... Personal: movable ... Private... Public: government…
Severance
Turns real property into personal property
20 terms
Business and Personal Law Chapter 2
Two parts of the U.S. Court System
Delinquent child
Unruly child
Original jurisdiction
Federal and State Court
A minor under a certain age (typically 16-18) who has committ…
A minor who has done something inappropriate that is not cons…
District courts have original jurisdiction over most federal…
Two parts of the U.S. Court System
Federal and State Court
Delinquent child
A minor under a certain age (typically 16-18) who has committ…
Law 101 Chapter 2
Felony
Aggravated Murder
Treason
Homicide
Serious crime punishable by imprisonment or death.
Causing the death of another through calculated moves.
betraying your country- overthrow the government.
The general classification for killing another human being.
Felony
Serious crime punishable by imprisonment or death.
Aggravated Murder
Causing the death of another through calculated moves.
The Law: Chapter 2 Vocab
statutes
ordinances
supremacy clause
bills
written laws enacted by legislatures
county or city law
provision in Article VI of Constitution stating U.S. laws & t…
draft of proposed law being considered by legislature
statutes
written laws enacted by legislatures
ordinances
county or city law
46 terms
Business Law: Chapter 2
Judicial Review
Requirements to bring case to court
Jurisdiciton
in personam jurisdiction
The process by which courts decide on the constitutionality o…
Jurisdiction, venue, and standing to sue
"The power to speak the law"... The authority of a court to hear…
Personal Jurisdiction; jurisdiction over any person or busine…
Judicial Review
The process by which courts decide on the constitutionality o…
Requirements to bring case to court
Jurisdiction, venue, and standing to sue
27 terms
Contract Law: Chapter 2 - Vocabulary
Acceptance
Advertisements
Agreements to agree
Auction
An element of a contract in which the offeree expresses the i…
Technically an invitation to negotiate and not an offer in co…
Phrase often used in a preliminary negotiation of a contract…
The formal process of selling goods in which bidders compete…
Acceptance
An element of a contract in which the offeree expresses the i…
Advertisements
Technically an invitation to negotiate and not an offer in co…
17 terms
Street Law Chapter 2 and 3
Statutes
Supremacy Clause
Bills
Legislative Intent
Laws passed by legislative bodies (e.g., federal Congress and…
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
proposed laws
The purpose of the legislature in enacting a particular statu…
Statutes
Laws passed by legislative bodies (e.g., federal Congress and…
Supremacy Clause
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
Business Law- Chapter 2
Ethics
business ethics
ethical dilemma
WPH- W
study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right
application of ethics to the special problems experienced by…
a problem about what a firm should do for which no clear reas…
"Who"- steak holders (Consumers, owners/investors, employees,…
Ethics
study and practice of decisions about what is good, or right
business ethics
application of ethics to the special problems experienced by…
Criminal Law Chapter 2
Criminal Law
Criminal Procedure
Common Law
Stare Decisis
The branch of the law that specifies what conduct constitutes…
The rules of procedure by which criminal prosecutions are gov…
The legal system that originated in England and is composed o…
The doctrine that judicial decisions stand as precedents for…
Criminal Law
The branch of the law that specifies what conduct constitutes…
Criminal Procedure
The rules of procedure by which criminal prosecutions are gov…
24 terms
Law for Business and Personal Use Chapter 2
Amendment
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Browser
change or alteration
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Internet scanning program
Amendment
change or alteration
Articles of Confederation
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
Chapter 2 - Business Law
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Limited Jurisdiction
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and t…
Authority of a court to try a case the first time it is heard
Any party to a suit decided in a federal district court may a…
Local courts that handle minor matters such as misdemeanors a…
Jurisdiction
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and t…
Original Jurisdiction
Authority of a court to try a case the first time it is heard
10 terms
Business Law (Chapter 2)
Major function of the U.S. Constitution
Federalism
Preemption Doctrine
Fully Protected
1. It creates the three branches of the federal government an…
The U.S. form of government; the federal government and the 5…
The concept that federal law takes precedence over state or l…
1st amendment
Major function of the U.S. Constitution
1. It creates the three branches of the federal government an…
Federalism
The U.S. form of government; the federal government and the 5…
24 terms
Law for Business and Personal Use Chapter 2 terms
Amendment
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Browser
change or alteration
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Internet scanning program
Amendment
change or alteration
Articles of Confederation
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
10 terms
Chapter 2 law
In California, a judgement is good for
When a judge hears a trial without a j…
A party who appeals a court decision i…
To have the U.S. Supreme Court review…
10 years
A bench trail.
An appellant.
A petition for a writ of certiorari.
In California, a judgement is good for
10 years
When a judge hears a trial without a j…
A bench trail.
22 terms
Law & Ethics Chapter 2
US Legal System
Legislative
Executive
Judicial
established by constitution; one federal legal system and 50…
branch of US Govt; lawmaking body; Congress is made up of Sen…
branch of US Govt; President, cabinet, and advisors; administ…
branch of US Govt; Judges and federal courts; interprets law
US Legal System
established by constitution; one federal legal system and 50…
Legislative
branch of US Govt; lawmaking body; Congress is made up of Sen…
20 terms
Chapter 2 ~ Sources of Law in Canada ~ Classifying Law pp.35-46
international law
domestic law
substantive law
procedural law
law that governs relations between independent nations
law that governs activity within a nation's borders
law that defines the rights,duties, and obligations of citize…
law that prescribes the methods of enforcing the rights and o…
international law
law that governs relations between independent nations
domestic law
law that governs activity within a nation's borders
Chapter 2 Business Law
-Collapsible Cot... -Flexible Stretcher... ^…
Sanitary Kit... -Gloves... -Towels... -Cotton... -…
home health care
"You never get a second chance to make…
Items for an Adult Removal
What all should you have in your Sanitary Kit
On the increase
Whats a good saying for a removal.
-Collapsible Cot... -Flexible Stretcher... ^…
Items for an Adult Removal
Sanitary Kit... -Gloves... -Towels... -Cotton... -…
What all should you have in your Sanitary Kit
24 terms
Law for Business and Personal Use Chapter 2 terms
Amendment
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Browser
change or alteration
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Internet scanning program
Amendment
change or alteration
Articles of Confederation
loose form of charter for common government adopted by the th…
23 terms
Law chapter 2 vocabulary
Statutes
Ordinances
Supremacy clause
Bills
The lawmaking authority of congress is exercised through the…
Local government pass laws, or regulations
Article VI of the constitution stating the constitution and l…
Laws making bodies use these to respond to the needs of the c…
Statutes
The lawmaking authority of congress is exercised through the…
Ordinances
Local government pass laws, or regulations
71 terms
Pharmacy Law Chapter 2
Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD…
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Sulfanilamide elixir tragedy of 1937
FDCA of 1938
No new drug may be marketed or sold unless being proved to be…
Concerns for risk of public health and safety associated with…
Manufacturer produced drug as an "elixir" with diethylene gly…
Expanded earlier FDCA act and said labels must contain adequa…
Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD…
No new drug may be marketed or sold unless being proved to be…
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Concerns for risk of public health and safety associated with…
Business Law Chapter 2
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
Loose form of character for common government adopted by the…
Document that provides a workable framework for our federal g…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Declaration of Independence
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
Articles of Confederation
Loose form of character for common government adopted by the…
14 terms
Business Law Chapter 2
Ethics
Business ethics
Ethical Dilemma
Social responsibility of Business
Study and practice of decisions about what is good or right
applications of ethics to special problems and opportunities…
problem about what a firm should do for which no clear, right…
expectations that the community imposes on firms doing busine…
Ethics
Study and practice of decisions about what is good or right
Business ethics
applications of ethics to special problems and opportunities…
21 terms
law chapter 2 vocab
federalism
express powers
implied powers
preemption
a system of government in which the people are regulated by b…
powers given to Congress that are spelled out in the Constitu…
the power that Congress has to regulate that is derived from…
a doctrine referring to the right of the federal government t…
federalism
a system of government in which the people are regulated by b…
express powers
powers given to Congress that are spelled out in the Constitu…
29 terms
Business Law Chapter 2
Lazlo's Bikes, Inc., a firm in Minneso…
Avery files a suit against Beth, alleg…
If Cornel and Deanna resolve their dis…
In a suit by the National Forest Prese…
Did substantial business with North Dakota residents over the…
A counterclaim.
Arbitration.
An admission in court.
Lazlo's Bikes, Inc., a firm in Minneso…
Did substantial business with North Dakota residents over the…
Avery files a suit against Beth, alleg…
A counterclaim.
Criminal Law Chapter 2
Mens Rea
Actus Reus
Omission
Overt Act for a Conspiracy
wrongful state of mind
an act by the defendant that results in a prohibited harm to…
the failure to act when the law imposes a duty to act
an act committed in furtherance of a conspiracy
Mens Rea
wrongful state of mind
Actus Reus
an act by the defendant that results in a prohibited harm to…
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