Study sets matching "law chapter 3 ilec"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 3 ilec"

32 terms
ILEC Unit 3: Company law - capitalisation
authorized share capital
issued share capital
basic capital
preference if wound up
schválený základní kapitál - nejvyšší nominální množství akci…
emitovaný (vydaný) kapitál; is actually held by shareholders
základní jmění
přednost, výběr, výhoda v př. likvidace
authorized share capital
schválený základní kapitál - nejvyšší nominální množství akci…
issued share capital
emitovaný (vydaný) kapitál; is actually held by shareholders
28 terms
Unit 3 Company Law: Capitalisation. Part 1. ILEC 2d edition
capitalisation
issuance of securities
memorandum of association
authorised share capital
капитализация; выпуск ценных бумаг для финансирования внеобор…
выпуск, эмиссия ценных бумаг
устав юридического лица, акционерного общества
уставной капитал; объявленный уставной капитал
capitalisation
капитализация; выпуск ценных бумаг для финансирования внеобор…
issuance of securities
выпуск, эмиссия ценных бумаг
24 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
Assault
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Di…
Slander
False Imprisonment
Unlawful touching of another person.
When someone causes great emotional distress due to extreme a…
Verbal or spoken lies.
Violation of your right to move around.
Assault
Unlawful touching of another person.
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Di…
When someone causes great emotional distress due to extreme a…
Law Chapter 3
tort
tortfeasor
intentional tort
negligence
private wrong committed by one person against another
person who commits a tort
actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass or scare people
tort that results when one person carelessly injures another
tort
private wrong committed by one person against another
tortfeasor
person who commits a tort
25 terms
Law Chapter 3
crime
plaintiff
prosecutor
defendant
an act against the public good
the party that accuses a person of a crime
the government attorney who presents the case in court
the person accused
crime
an act against the public good
plaintiff
the party that accuses a person of a crime
Business Law - Chapter 3
Crime
Tort
Treason
Felony
An offense against the public
A wrongful act that harms another person's well-being
The act of betraying one's country
A serious crime against society that is punishable by death o…
Crime
An offense against the public
Tort
A wrongful act that harms another person's well-being
Law Chapter 3
advocacy
Lobbying
Grassroots Lobbyist
Initiative
public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or…
The act of trying to influence a politician or bureaucrat. Us…
A person who works to convince a lawmaker to vote for or agai…
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constituti…
advocacy
public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or…
Lobbying
The act of trying to influence a politician or bureaucrat. Us…
Chapter 3 (Business Law)
appellate brief
appellate court
arbitrator
associate circuit court... (county court)
written argument in the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses…
appellate brief
written argument in the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
appellate court
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
30 terms
Business Law- Chapter 3 Tort Law
tort
tortfeaser
3 elements to a tort
purpose of tort law
a private wrong committed by one person against another
a person who commits a tort
possession of certain rights by innocent party; violation of…
to compensate the victim for injuries caused by the tortfeasor
tort
a private wrong committed by one person against another
tortfeaser
a person who commits a tort
8 terms
Law and Youth Chapter 3 Vocabulary
advocacy
advocate
lobbying
grassroots lobbyist
active support or argument for a cause
a person who speaks for the cause of another or on behalf of…
influencing or persuading legislators to take action to intro…
a person, or group of people, who works to convince a lawmake…
advocacy
active support or argument for a cause
advocate
a person who speaks for the cause of another or on behalf of…
19 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
litigate
mediator
arbitrator
court
to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
decision binding on both parties
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
litigate
to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings
mediator
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
Business Law Chapter 3
poll tax
26th amendment
political party
checks and balances
a fixed payment per person required before the person to vote
gave all citizens age 18 or older the right to vote
private organization of citizens who select and promote candi…
division and allocation of specific authority to each of the…
poll tax
a fixed payment per person required before the person to vote
26th amendment
gave all citizens age 18 or older the right to vote
6 terms
Law Chapter 3
Advocacy
Lobbying
Grassroots Lobbyists
Initiative
Public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or…
A strategy by which organized interests seek to influence the…
A person or group of people who work to convince a lawmaker t…
Allows voters to petition to propose legislation &then submit…
Advocacy
Public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or…
Lobbying
A strategy by which organized interests seek to influence the…
24 terms
Chapter 3 - Criminal Law
Crime
Tort
Statutes
Classification of Crime
An offense against the public at large punishable by the offi…
A private wrong that injures another person's physical well-b…
Specific laws designed to protect the public at law
Treason... Felony... Misdemeanor
Crime
An offense against the public at large punishable by the offi…
Tort
A private wrong that injures another person's physical well-b…
Business Law Chapter 3
affidavit
affirmative defense
answer
brief
written declaration made under oath
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
Procedurally, a defendant's response to the plaintiff's compl…
A formal legal document submitted by the attorney for the app…
affidavit
written declaration made under oath
affirmative defense
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
16 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
Litigate
mediator
arbitrator
Trial court
to place a dispute before a court of law for resolution
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
first to hear a dispute
Litigate
to place a dispute before a court of law for resolution
mediator
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
22 terms
Chapter 3 Business Law (Tort Law)
Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional Tort
Defamation
a private wrong committed by one person against another
a person who commits a tort. They are the defendant in a case.
actions that are deliberate hurt, embarrass, or scare people.
when somebody lies about another person in a way that hurts t…
Tort
a private wrong committed by one person against another
Tortfeasor
a person who commits a tort. They are the defendant in a case.
19 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
Litigate
Mediator
Arbitrator
Court
Allowing a court to resolve dipsutes
Independent third party who tries to develop a solution to bo…
A person who will hold an informal meeting to determine what…
Governmental forum that administers justice under the law
Litigate
Allowing a court to resolve dipsutes
Mediator
Independent third party who tries to develop a solution to bo…
28 terms
Chapter 3 Business and Personal Law
tort
tortfeasor
intentional torts
assault
a private wrong committed by one person against another
a person who commits a tort
actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass, or scare people
attempt to commit a battery
tort
a private wrong committed by one person against another
tortfeasor
a person who commits a tort
11 terms
Chapter 3 Government and Statute Law
unitary system
federal system
U.S.A.
division of powers
a one-level system of governing
a two-level system of governing
Bill of Rights
two levels of government; power is divided between the provin…
unitary system
a one-level system of governing
federal system
a two-level system of governing
61 terms
Fundamentals of Law Chapter 3
Substantive law
Procedural law
Parties
Plaintiff
defines the rights and obligations that arise between two or…
the court's rules that guide a lawsuit from the time it begin…
are the individuals or organizations involved in a lawsuit.
the party that initiates (brings) a lawsuit
Substantive law
defines the rights and obligations that arise between two or…
Procedural law
the court's rules that guide a lawsuit from the time it begin…
78 terms
Chapter 3: Law of Property
Property
Tangible
Intangible
Title
Rights and interests in things that society allows people to…
Things you can hold or touch
Things you cannot hold or touch
Legally endorsed claim to ownership. Most important property…
Property
Rights and interests in things that society allows people to…
Tangible
Things you can hold or touch
27 terms
Law Chapter 3
Litigation
alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
Negotiation
assisted negotiation
process of resolving a dispute through the court system - is…
settling disputes rather than going to trial
Simplest form of ADR... - process in which the parties attempt t…
third party assists the negotiation
Litigation
process of resolving a dispute through the court system - is…
alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
settling disputes rather than going to trial
6 terms
Law Chapter 3
Lobbying
Recall Elections
Initiative
Refrendum
A way to influence the lawmaking process by convincing lawmak…
Elections which allow voters to remove elected officials from…
Enables a specified number of voters to propose a law by peti…
When a legislative act is referred to voters for final approv…
Lobbying
A way to influence the lawmaking process by convincing lawmak…
Recall Elections
Elections which allow voters to remove elected officials from…
49 terms
Law 12 Chapter 3
Amending formula
Bill
Federal system
Government or Public bill
Only way in which the constitution can be changed. ... - 7/10 pr…
Proposed law presented to parliament to be passed as legislat…
System of government that has two levels ... - other system unit…
Proposed legislation by a cabinet member
Amending formula
Only way in which the constitution can be changed. ... - 7/10 pr…
Bill
Proposed law presented to parliament to be passed as legislat…
33 terms
Criminal Law (chapter 3)
elements of a crime
defendant
prosecutor
felony
criminal act, required state of mind, motive--an act against…
the person accused of a crime
the government attorney who presents the case in court agains…
a major crime punishable by imprisonment or death. Includes:…
elements of a crime
criminal act, required state of mind, motive--an act against…
defendant
the person accused of a crime
115 terms
Business Law - Chapter 3
What do judges do?
What do jurors do?
Where do we enforce our laws in a prop…
Trial court persons are called
Judges apply the law to the facts.
Jurors find or determine the facts from conflicting evidence.
The courts.
judges.
What do judges do?
Judges apply the law to the facts.
What do jurors do?
Jurors find or determine the facts from conflicting evidence.
21 terms
Business Law and Ethics - Chapter 3
Appellate brief
Appellate court
Arbitrator
Associate circuit court
written argument on the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses…
Appellate brief
written argument on the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
Appellate court
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
18 terms
Law- Chapter 3 Terms Civil Law
Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional Torts
Negligence
A private wrong committed by one person against another
A person who commits a tort
Actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass, or scare people
A tort that results when one person carelessly injures another
Tort
A private wrong committed by one person against another
Tortfeasor
A person who commits a tort
Chapter 3 Tort Law
Tort
Remedy for Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional tort
Private wrong between 2 individuals
Money or Compensation for victim
A person who commits a tort
Actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass, or scare people
Tort
Private wrong between 2 individuals
Remedy for Tort
Money or Compensation for victim
Business Law Chapter 3
litigate
mediator
arbitrator
court
to place or dispute before a court of law for resolution
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
governmental forum that administers justice under law
litigate
to place or dispute before a court of law for resolution
mediator
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
Business Law Chapter 3
Appellate brief
appellate court
arbitrator
associate circuit court (or county cou…
written argument on the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses…
Appellate brief
written argument on the issues of law submitted by opposing a…
appellate court
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
22 terms
Chapter 3 Business Law (Tort Law)
Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional Tort
Defamation
a private wrong committed by one person against another
a person who commits a tort. They are the defendant in a case.
actions that are deliberate hurt, embarrass, or scare people.
when somebody lies about another person in a way that hurts t…
Tort
a private wrong committed by one person against another
Tortfeasor
a person who commits a tort. They are the defendant in a case.
20 terms
Chapter 3-Justice and Law
civil disobedience
corrective justice
distributive justice
due process
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
Justice that concerns what measurement should be used to allo…
Constitutionally mandated procedural steps designed to elimin…
civil disobedience
Voluntarily breaking established laws based on one's moral be…
corrective justice
Justice that concerns when unfair advantage or unjust enrichm…
12 terms
Chapter 3 - LAW
Agency relationship created by
Principal must have
Agency by estoppel
Agency by estoppel only arises where
mutual consent, operation of law or ratification
full contractual capacity
words or conduct of the principal give to a third party the i…
the conduct of the apparent principal creates it
Agency relationship created by
mutual consent, operation of law or ratification
Principal must have
full contractual capacity
Business Law Chapter 3
Jurisdiction
Trial Courts
Appellate Courts
Question of law
• Court's power to hear cases and render decisions that bind…
• A court in which most civil or criminal cases start when th…
• A higher court, usually consisting of more than one judge,…
An issue concerning the interpretation or application of a law
Jurisdiction
• Court's power to hear cases and render decisions that bind…
Trial Courts
• A court in which most civil or criminal cases start when th…
31 terms
Chapter 3 Medical Law and Ethics
criminal law
civil law
tort
assult
made to protect the public from harmful acts of others
concerns relationships with individuals
a wrongful act, resulting in harm that is committed against a…
the THREAT of bodily harm to another
criminal law
made to protect the public from harmful acts of others
civil law
concerns relationships with individuals
16 terms
The Law in the Workplace (Chapter 3)
Discrimination
Equal Employment Opportunity Act
EOE - Equal Opportunity Employer
Equal Pay Act
Unfairly treating a person or a group of people based on thin…
A law that makes it illegal for an employer to discriminate b…
Employers who look for workers with just the right skills and…
Law that prohibits unequal pay for men and women who are doin…
Discrimination
Unfairly treating a person or a group of people based on thin…
Equal Employment Opportunity Act
A law that makes it illegal for an employer to discriminate b…
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
Law Chapter 3
complaint
motion to dismiss
pleadings
affirmative defense
first pleading; sets forth the plaintiff's claim against the…
by defendent and asks court to dismiss the case because it do…
The formal statements made to the court by the parties to a c…
the defendant admits to the facts claimed by the plaintiff, b…
complaint
first pleading; sets forth the plaintiff's claim against the…
motion to dismiss
by defendent and asks court to dismiss the case because it do…
chapter 3 law
litigate
mediator
arbitrator
court
to allow the courts to solve your dispute
person who tries to find a solution agreeable by both sides
an independent person or body officially appointed to settle…
governmental forum that administers justice under law
litigate
to allow the courts to solve your dispute
mediator
person who tries to find a solution agreeable by both sides
Law Studies Chapter 3
lobbying
grassroots lobbyists
initiative
referendum
a way to influence the lawmaking process by convincing lawmak…
unprofessional lobbyists whom are often effective when joined…
procedure that enables a specific number of voters to propose…
when a legislative act is referred to voters for final approv…
lobbying
a way to influence the lawmaking process by convincing lawmak…
grassroots lobbyists
unprofessional lobbyists whom are often effective when joined…
37 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
Declaration of Independence.
Articles of Confederation.
U.S. Constitution.
The Bill of Rights.
Document drafted by representatives of thirteen original colo…
Loose form of charter for common government adopted by the 13…
Provided a workable framework for a federal government "of th…
The first ten amendments to the constitution.
Declaration of Independence.
Document drafted by representatives of thirteen original colo…
Articles of Confederation.
Loose form of charter for common government adopted by the 13…
15 terms
Business Law - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
tort
tortfeasor
intentional tort
compensate
...
...
...
...
tort
...
tortfeasor
...
8 terms
Business Law Chapter 3
Attempted crime
Conspiracy
Crime
Defendant
A crime committed when the defendant intended to commit a spe…
A crime committed when two or more persons agree to commit a…
A statutory wrong, prosecuted by the government and carrying…
The person being prosecuted for a criminal offense.
Attempted crime
A crime committed when the defendant intended to commit a spe…
Conspiracy
A crime committed when two or more persons agree to commit a…
14 terms
Law Chapter 3
Federal Court (Judicial) System
State Court System
Writ of Certiorari
Jurisdiction
US Supreme court... US Courts of Appeal... US District Courts
Illinois Supreme Court... Illinois Appeal Court... Illinois Circuit…
Way in which supreme court is involved. requires a lower cour…
The power or authority of a court to hear and decide a given…
Federal Court (Judicial) System
US Supreme court... US Courts of Appeal... US District Courts
State Court System
Illinois Supreme Court... Illinois Appeal Court... Illinois Circuit…
35 terms
Law Chapter 3
limited-jursidiction trial court (infe…
general-jursidiction trial court (cour…
intermediate appellate court (appellat…
highest state courts
a court that hears matters of a specialized or limited nature…
a court that hears cases of a general nature that is not with…
a court that hears appeals from trial courts
the highest court in a state court system; it hears appeals f…
limited-jursidiction trial court (infe…
a court that hears matters of a specialized or limited nature…
general-jursidiction trial court (cour…
a court that hears cases of a general nature that is not with…
19 terms
Biz Law - Chapter 3
Litigate
Mediator
Arbitrator
Court
to allow a court to resolve their disputes
tries to develop a solution acceptable to both sides of a dis…
usually holds an information hearing to determine what happen…
A governmental forum that administers justice under the law
Litigate
to allow a court to resolve their disputes
Mediator
tries to develop a solution acceptable to both sides of a dis…
20 terms
Business Law Chapter 3 Vocab
Litigate
Mediator
Arbitrator
Court
to place a dispute before a court of law for resolution
independent 3rd party who tries to develop a non-binding solu…
independent 3rd party who develops a binding & enforceable re…
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
Litigate
to place a dispute before a court of law for resolution
Mediator
independent 3rd party who tries to develop a non-binding solu…
39 terms
LAW CHAPTER 3
1st supreme court justice
2nd supreme court justice
3rd supreme court justice
4th supreme court justice
SCALIA, CONSERVATIVE MALE 1986 president: Reagon, republican
KENNEDY, MODERATE CONSERVATIVE, MALE, 1988 ... president Reagon,…
THOMAS, CONSERVATIVE, MALE, 1991 president: Bush Sr, republican
GINSBURG, LIBERAL, FEMALE, 1993 president: Clinton, democratic
1st supreme court justice
SCALIA, CONSERVATIVE MALE 1986 president: Reagon, republican
2nd supreme court justice
KENNEDY, MODERATE CONSERVATIVE, MALE, 1988 ... president Reagon,…
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