Study sets matching "law chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "law chapter 7"

Media Law Chapter 7
Protections of the 6th Amendment
Rideau v. State of Louisiana
Sheppard v. Maxwell
Gag Order
Right to a fair trial (speedy and public, impartial jury, etc)
Rideau was taped confessing to robbing a bank and taking host…
Dr. Shepard was accused of murdering his wife-- lost of press…
restrictions put on trial participants including attorneys wi…
Protections of the 6th Amendment
Right to a fair trial (speedy and public, impartial jury, etc)
Rideau v. State of Louisiana
Rideau was taped confessing to robbing a bank and taking host…
Law Chapter 7 Deeds
Acknowledgment
Actual Notice
Consideration
Constructive Notice
When a party signing a document formally declares to an autho…
Having actual knowledge of a fact, as opposed to knowledge im…
Anything of value given to induce another person into enterin…
Knowledge of a fact imputed to a person by law. A person is h…
Acknowledgment
When a party signing a document formally declares to an autho…
Actual Notice
Having actual knowledge of a fact, as opposed to knowledge im…
Chapter 7 Criminal Law
Crime
Parties
Classification
Criminal Intent
Any act done by an individual in violation of the duties he/s…
Plaintiff, prosecutor, defendant, defense attorney
Felonies, misdemeanor, violation
Requires intent and action
Crime
Any act done by an individual in violation of the duties he/s…
Parties
Plaintiff, prosecutor, defendant, defense attorney
Criminal Law: Chapter 7
Accomplice
Accessories
Accomplice actus reus
Mere presence rule
Someone participates before/during the commission of crimes
Participates after crimes are committed (mostly misdemeanors)
the actor takes some positive acts to aid in the commission o…
Not enough (by itself) to create criminal liability.... Exceptio…
Accomplice
Someone participates before/during the commission of crimes
Accessories
Participates after crimes are committed (mostly misdemeanors)
10 terms
Tort Law Chapter 7
causation
cause in fact
proximate cause
eggshell skull rule
the essential element of negligence that limits negligence li…
the part of causation brought about by an act or omission wit…
the part of causation that requires a sufficient connection b…
an exception to proximate cause according to which, if it is…
causation
the essential element of negligence that limits negligence li…
cause in fact
the part of causation brought about by an act or omission wit…
business law chapter 7
crime
beyond a reasonable doubt
actus reas
the guilty act
a wrong against society set forth in a statute and if committ…
if the jury views a the evidence in the case as reasonably pe…
a guilty (prohibited) act. the commission of a prohibited act…
a requirement based on the premises of criminal law. that a p…
crime
a wrong against society set forth in a statute and if committ…
beyond a reasonable doubt
if the jury views a the evidence in the case as reasonably pe…
50 terms
law chapter 7-8
contract
express (type of contract)
implied (type of contract)
quasi (type of contract)
a legally enforceable exchange of promises, or an exchange of…
can be written or oral, parties intend to contract and specif…
no express contract, but when the nature of the transactional…
parties have no contractual relationship, however one party h…
contract
a legally enforceable exchange of promises, or an exchange of…
express (type of contract)
can be written or oral, parties intend to contract and specif…
26 terms
Business Law (Chapter 7)
Mutual Assent
Offer
Acceptance
Objective Intent
the broad underlying requirement that must be met to form an…
a promise that, according to its terms, is contingent upon a…
an express act or implication by conduct that manifests assen…
for an offer to have legal effect, the requirement that, gene…
Mutual Assent
the broad underlying requirement that must be met to form an…
Offer
a promise that, according to its terms, is contingent upon a…
12 terms
Business Law: Chapter 7
express term
rules of construction
implied term
entire contract clause
a provision of a contract that states a promise explicitly
guiding principles for interpreting or "constructing" the ter…
a provision that is not expressly included in a contract but…
a term in a contract in which the parties agree that their co…
express term
a provision of a contract that states a promise explicitly
rules of construction
guiding principles for interpreting or "constructing" the ter…
Criminal Law Chapter 7
alibi
castle exception
entrapment
involuntary intoxication
a defense based on asserted fact that defendant was "elsewher…
a legal standard recognizing that a person has a fundamental…
a legal defense claiming that, but for government instigation…
the unknown ingestion of an intoxicating substance; can serve…
alibi
a defense based on asserted fact that defendant was "elsewher…
castle exception
a legal standard recognizing that a person has a fundamental…
18 terms
Bus law chapter 7
Express terms:
Rules of construction:
Implied terms:
If the contract has been drafted by on…
Terms of the contract that state or make explicit one party's…
Guiding principles for interpreting or "constructing" the ter…
Terms that are not expressly included in a contract but that…
Against that party in favor of the other
Express terms:
Terms of the contract that state or make explicit one party's…
Rules of construction:
Guiding principles for interpreting or "constructing" the ter…
21 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
promise
sources fo contract law
Functions of a contract
Contract
an assertion that something either will or will not happen in…
governed by the common law of contracts
The rules of contract law are often in business agreements to…
An agreement that can be enforced in court
promise
an assertion that something either will or will not happen in…
sources fo contract law
governed by the common law of contracts
chapter 7 street law
incarceration
community policing
drunk driving
restitution
A method of protecting society from criminals by keeping them…
Assigning police to neighborhoods where they walk the beat an…
driving while intoxicated
(n.) restoration to the rightful owner (Many people feel that…
incarceration
A method of protecting society from criminals by keeping them…
community policing
Assigning police to neighborhoods where they walk the beat an…
Chapter 7 Business Law
UCC
Goods
Merchant
Firm offer
Collection of laws that governs various types of business tra…
All things that are movable
Business or person who deals and specializes in sale of goods
Merchant's written promise to hold an offer open for sale or…
UCC
Collection of laws that governs various types of business tra…
Goods
All things that are movable
Chapter 7 Business Law
Assumption of Risk
Business Invitee
Causation in Fact
Comparative Negligence
A defense against negligence that can be used when the plaint…
Those people, such as customers or clients, who are invited o…
An act or omission without which an event would not have occu…
A theory in tort law under which the liability for injuries r…
Assumption of Risk
A defense against negligence that can be used when the plaint…
Business Invitee
Those people, such as customers or clients, who are invited o…
Business Law Chapter 7
market share liability
product liability
product misuse
statute of repose
...
the legal liability of manufacturers, sellers, and lessors of…
a defense against product liability that may be raised when t…
a statute of limitations that is not dependent on the happeni…
market share liability
...
product liability
the legal liability of manufacturers, sellers, and lessors of…
41 terms
Chapter 7 Business Law
Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. a…
A landowner's highest duty is owed to…
Courts recognize a tort of negligently…
A defendant who engages in pile drivin…
F
T
T
F
Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co. a…
F
A landowner's highest duty is owed to…
T
37 terms
Chapter 7- Business Law
Actus reus
Arson
Botnet
Burglary
A guilty act. The commission of a prohibited act is one of th…
The malicious burning of another's dwelling. Some statutes ha…
Short for robot network- a group of computers that run an app…
The unlawful entry into a building with the intent to commit…
Actus reus
A guilty act. The commission of a prohibited act is one of th…
Arson
The malicious burning of another's dwelling. Some statutes ha…
19 terms
Criminal Law Chapter 7 Key Terms
complicity
vicarious liability
agency theory
forfeited personal identity theory
establishes when you can be criminally liable for someone els…
establishes when a party can be criminally liable because of…
accomplice liability theory that assumes we're autonomous age…
the idea that when you choose to participate in crime, you fo…
complicity
establishes when you can be criminally liable for someone els…
vicarious liability
establishes when a party can be criminally liable because of…
Comm Law Chapter 7
Warren & Brandeis privacy proposal, ye…
Categories of invasion of privacy laws:
State the year, state, and category of…
Define Appropriation:
Samuel Warren & Lewis Brandeis, 1890, Harvard Law Review arti…
appropriation, intrusion, disclosure, false light
First Privacy Law was passed in 1903, in New York, and was fo…
The use of someone's name, photo or likeness for commercial g…
Warren & Brandeis privacy proposal, ye…
Samuel Warren & Lewis Brandeis, 1890, Harvard Law Review arti…
Categories of invasion of privacy laws:
appropriation, intrusion, disclosure, false light
16 terms
Law Key Terms Chapter 7
Forensic Science
Search
Duty Counsel
Appearance Notice
The use of medicine and science to solve legal problems.
To look for evidence related to a charge.
A lawyer on duty at the court.
A document that names the offence with which the accused has…
Forensic Science
The use of medicine and science to solve legal problems.
Search
To look for evidence related to a charge.
Chapter 7 Media Law
6th Amendment
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart C…
Irvin v. Dowd 1961
Rideau v. State of Louisiana 1963
Accused shall enjoy to a speedy and public trial by an impart…
Judge restricted members of the press from publishing confess…
Man had to change his venue twice and still couldn't escape a…
Supreme court reversed the ruling on a man who was stanched t…
6th Amendment
Accused shall enjoy to a speedy and public trial by an impart…
Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart C…
Judge restricted members of the press from publishing confess…
60 terms
Business law Chapter 7
Actus Reus
Affermative Defense
Arraignment
Arrest
Wrongful behaivor that is, actus reds or a guilty ac
a defendants response to a plaintiffs claim in which the defe…
The first appearance in court by the defendant, at which the…
the action on which the police, or a person acting law, seize…
Actus Reus
Wrongful behaivor that is, actus reds or a guilty ac
Affermative Defense
a defendants response to a plaintiffs claim in which the defe…
46 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
accession
adverse possession
artisans lien
attachment
property acquired by adding something to an owned object
property ownership acquired through open, notorious, actual,…
the lien that arises in favor of one who has expended labor u…
...
accession
property acquired by adding something to an owned object
adverse possession
property ownership acquired through open, notorious, actual,…
35 terms
LAW 3220 CHAPTER 7
5%
In state courts
Fraud/Intentional Misrepresentation
Misstatement
What percentage of civil suits are tort actions?
Where are most tort claims filed?
An intentional misrepresentation of a material fact designed…
In securities law, liability may be imposed on those responsi…
5%
What percentage of civil suits are tort actions?
In state courts
Where are most tort claims filed?
criminal law - chapter 7
admonish
appellant
ambiguous
covert
to advise of rights
one who appeals to a higher court
not clear, more than one meaning
secretive, clandestine, disguised
admonish
to advise of rights
appellant
one who appeals to a higher court
16 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
Assumption of risk
Business Invitee
Causation in Fact
Comparative Negligence
A defense against negligence that can be used when the plaint…
A person, such as a customer or a client, who is invited onto…
An act or omission without which an event would not have occu…
A theory in tort law under which the liability for injuries r…
Assumption of risk
A defense against negligence that can be used when the plaint…
Business Invitee
A person, such as a customer or a client, who is invited onto…
21 terms
Chapter 7- Criminal Law
Crime
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Actus Reus
Mens Rea
a wrong against society proclaimed in a statute and, if commi…
the standard of proof used in criminal cases.
a guilty (prohibited) act. The commission of a prohibited act…
the wrongful mental state ("guilt mind"), or intent, that is…
Crime
a wrong against society proclaimed in a statute and, if commi…
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
the standard of proof used in criminal cases.
34 terms
Chapter 7: Criminal Law
Crime
Burglary
People vs. Crawford
Criminal Trespass
Offense against society or public wrong, determined by the le…
1. Person enters a building or occupied structure (not open t…
Person was convicted for burglary after breaking the lock on…
When a person enters the land of another without permission o…
Crime
Offense against society or public wrong, determined by the le…
Burglary
1. Person enters a building or occupied structure (not open t…
21 terms
Business Law : Chapter 7
Intentional Torts
Law of Tort three principle objectives
Intent
Battery
All forms of civil liability are either voluntarily assumed,…
1) to compensate persons who sustain harm or loss resulting f…
as used in tort law, does not require a hostile or evil motiv…
intentional infliction of harmful or offensive bodily contact…
Intentional Torts
All forms of civil liability are either voluntarily assumed,…
Law of Tort three principle objectives
1) to compensate persons who sustain harm or loss resulting f…
44 terms
Law chapter 7..again
Sole proprietorship
Partnership
Can a partnership be sued?
Joint venture
A person doing business for himself or herself. The simplest…
An association of two or more persons to carry on a business…
It used to not be able to through common law as partnerships…
Joint venture is defined as an association of two or more per…
Sole proprietorship
A person doing business for himself or herself. The simplest…
Partnership
An association of two or more persons to carry on a business…
6 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
Product liability
Product misuse
Statute of repose
Strict liability
The legal liability of manufacturers, sellers, and lessors of…
A defense against product liability that may be raised when t…
Basically, a statute of limitations that is not dependent on…
Liability regardless of fault. In tort law, strict liability…
Product liability
The legal liability of manufacturers, sellers, and lessors of…
Product misuse
A defense against product liability that may be raised when t…
Business Law Chapter 7
Valid
Genuine Assent
Voidable
Recission
Legally binding and enforceable
True and complete agreement
When one of the parties withdraws and cancels the contract it…
Asking for the return of what you gave and offering to give b…
Valid
Legally binding and enforceable
Genuine Assent
True and complete agreement
Buisness Law Chapter 7
Capacity
Rebuttable Presumption
majority
minor
legal ability to enter a contract
presumption of a person's legal ability to entera contract
ocurs when a person has reached the legal age of adulthood
a person who has not reached the age of legal adulthood
Capacity
legal ability to enter a contract
Rebuttable Presumption
presumption of a person's legal ability to entera contract
22 terms
Criminal Law: Chapter 7
complicity
vicarious liability
agency theory
forfeited personal identity theory
Establishes when you can be criminally liable for someone els…
Establishes when a party can be criminally liable for someone…
1 of the 2 theory explaining why we should be held accountabl…
1 of the 2 theory explaining why we should be held accountabl…
complicity
Establishes when you can be criminally liable for someone els…
vicarious liability
Establishes when a party can be criminally liable for someone…
60 terms
Criminal Law Chapter 7
Inchoate crimes
3 Types of Inchoate Crimes
Attempt
Conspiracy
-beginning crimes... -provide that individuals can be convicted…
-attempt... -conspiracy... -solicitation
-punishes an unsuccessful effort to commit a crime... -want to c…
punishes an agreement... -need to have an overt act that can cle…
Inchoate crimes
-beginning crimes... -provide that individuals can be convicted…
3 Types of Inchoate Crimes
-attempt... -conspiracy... -solicitation
26 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
Contract
Tangible Personal Property
Offer
Offeror
Legally enforceable agreement that is created when two or mor…
Personal property that can be moved
A proposal made by one person to another that indicates a wil…
The person making a proposal
Contract
Legally enforceable agreement that is created when two or mor…
Tangible Personal Property
Personal property that can be moved
Individual and the Law Chapter 7
Crime
Incarceration
Community Policing
Substance Abuse
A violation of criminal law for which some governmental autho…
Confinement to jail or prison.
A philosophy that combines traditional aspects of law enforce…
Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for no…
Crime
A violation of criminal law for which some governmental autho…
Incarceration
Confinement to jail or prison.
Business Law Chapter 7
acceptance
accord and satisfaction
agreement
bilateral contract
When the offeree agrees to be mutually bound to the terms of…
A contract law concept about the purchase of the release from…
S concord understanding and intention between two or more par…
A reciprocal arrangement between two parties where each promi…
acceptance
When the offeree agrees to be mutually bound to the terms of…
accord and satisfaction
A contract law concept about the purchase of the release from…
22 terms
Business Law: Chapter 7
Ethics
Business ethics
Moral minimum
Stock buyback
the study of what constitutes right or wrong behavior
what constitutes right or wrong behavior in the business worl…
the minimum degree of ethical behavior expected of a business…
management of a corporation believes that the market price of…
Ethics
the study of what constitutes right or wrong behavior
Business ethics
what constitutes right or wrong behavior in the business worl…
LAW 308 Chapter 7
Market-Share Liability
Product Liability
Product Misuse
Statute of Repose
...
...
...
...
Market-Share Liability
...
Product Liability
...
law education chapter 7
crime
incarceration
community policing
substance abuse
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
imprisonment by state
a strategy whereby the community works actively with the loca…
the harmful overuse of chemicals, such as drugs or alcohol
crime
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
incarceration
imprisonment by state
Chapter 7 Penal Law
Aggravated assault
Battery
Bias-motivated
Domestic Violence
Any assault of a vicious nature, including assault with inten…
Unlawful injury, however slight, done to another person, dire…
Basis for most hate crimes.
Assault or battery committed by one or two person's who live…
Aggravated assault
Any assault of a vicious nature, including assault with inten…
Battery
Unlawful injury, however slight, done to another person, dire…
business law chapter 7
in establishing fraud, one must shout…
major defenses in the product liabilit…
fraud
scienter
scienter
-misuse... -assumption of risk
-deliberate deception... -intentional misrepresentation ... -missta…
intent to defraud ... -party wanted to mislead ... -must be damages
in establishing fraud, one must shout…
scienter
major defenses in the product liabilit…
-misuse... -assumption of risk
55 terms
Intro to Law Chapter 7
Tort
Workers' compensation
Tortfeasor
Punitive damages/ Exemplary damages
a noncontractual civil wrong
laws that apply to those that are injured at work
one who commits a tort
damages meant to punish
Tort
a noncontractual civil wrong
Workers' compensation
laws that apply to those that are injured at work
25 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
strict
Ultra-hazardous
Product liability
Warranty theory
Defendant's liability for (blank) liability is without regard…
(Abnormally Dangerous Activities / Strict Liability)... Blank-b…
(Blank): Liability of "manufacturers and sellers for harmful…
Strict liability is not the only remedy available in a produc…
strict
Defendant's liability for (blank) liability is without regard…
Ultra-hazardous
(Abnormally Dangerous Activities / Strict Liability)... Blank-b…
Law Enforcement: Chapter 7
community oriented policing
strategic management era
problem-oriented policing
solution-oriented policing
a philosophy based on the belief that law-abiding citizens sh…
based on the practice of computer-generated crime data and a…
encourages officers to take a holistic approach working with…
focuses on the fact that some community-police issues are bes…
community oriented policing
a philosophy based on the belief that law-abiding citizens sh…
strategic management era
based on the practice of computer-generated crime data and a…
Business Law Chapter 7
Classifications of Torts
Intentional Torts (against persons)
Defenses For Battery
Libel
Intentional, Negligent, Strict Liability
Assault, Battery, Defamtion
Consent, Self-Defense, Defense of Others, Defense of Property
Defamation in writing
Classifications of Torts
Intentional, Negligent, Strict Liability
Intentional Torts (against persons)
Assault, Battery, Defamtion
Business Law Chapter 7
criminal procedure
criminal law
beyond a reasonable doubt
bench trial
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
the very high burden of proof in a criminal trial, demanding…
there is no jury; the judge reaches a verdict
criminal procedure
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
criminal law
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
Chapter 7 Law
Business Torts
Fraud
How to prove fraud:
Interference with Contractual relations
Fraud, Interference with contractual relations, interference…
When you are fully aware you're communicating false information
1. showing there was a mistake in the fact, there was intent…
need a contract writing or verbal, need to show there was a c…
Business Torts
Fraud, Interference with contractual relations, interference…
Fraud
When you are fully aware you're communicating false information
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