Study sets matching "law criminal justice"

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Study sets matching "law criminal justice"

59 terms
Criminal Law & Justice
17th and 18th Juvenile Court
First Juvenile Court in Illinois
Jacqualine
Parens Patriae
Adults and Juveniles were tried similarly
Established in Cook County
Convicted of murder and assist for another murder
"State as parent and guardian"... Children are not fully respons…
17th and 18th Juvenile Court
Adults and Juveniles were tried similarly
First Juvenile Court in Illinois
Established in Cook County
Criminal Law+Justice
Appeal
Appellate Jurisdiction
Bailiff court
Change of venue
Review the judgement
Lawful authority of a court to review a decision made by a lo…
Officer whose duties are to keep order in the courtroom
Movement of a trial
Appeal
Review the judgement
Appellate Jurisdiction
Lawful authority of a court to review a decision made by a lo…
50 terms
Criminal Justice-Law Enforcement
Responsibilities of Police
Levels of Law Enforcement
Federal levels of Law Enforcement
Local Police
Enforcing the law... Provide public services... Preventing crime... Pr…
Local Police & Sheriffs Office... State Police
Justice Department... Homeland Security... Treasuary Department
Most responsibility... Broadest authority
Responsibilities of Police
Enforcing the law... Provide public services... Preventing crime... Pr…
Levels of Law Enforcement
Local Police & Sheriffs Office... State Police
Criminal law and justice .
Criminal law .
Penal code .
Civil laws .
Tort .
Fromal means of social control that uses rules . Interpreted…
The criminal law of a political jurisdiction .
A means of resolving conflicts between individuals .
A violation of the civil law .
Criminal law .
Fromal means of social control that uses rules . Interpreted…
Penal code .
The criminal law of a political jurisdiction .
criminal justice law enforcement
neighborhood watch communities
coroner
sherriff
bureacracy
organized group of civilians that are devoted to stopping cri…
elected position, examines dead bodies/ usually funeral home…
runs county police, elected
a system of gov't in which most of the important desicions ar…
neighborhood watch communities
organized group of civilians that are devoted to stopping cri…
coroner
elected position, examines dead bodies/ usually funeral home…
80 terms
Crime, Law, & Criminal Justice
Consensus View of Crime
Conflict View of Crime
Interactionist View of Crime
Moral Entrepreneurs
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
Criminal law reflects the values of people who use their soci…
People who wage moral crusades to control criminal law so tha…
Consensus View of Crime
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
Conflict View of Crime
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
Law and Criminal Justice
Human Rights
Felony
Misdemeanor
Defendant
basic rights that all people are born with
more serious crimes with a more serious punishment (murder, a…
less serious crimes with a less serious punishment (assault,…
the person accused of committing the crime
Human Rights
basic rights that all people are born with
Felony
more serious crimes with a more serious punishment (murder, a…
Crime, Law, & Criminal Justice
Consensus View of Crime
Conflict View of Crime
Interactionist View of Crime
Moral Entrepreneurs
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
Criminal law reflects the values of people who use their soci…
People who wage moral crusades to control criminal law so tha…
Consensus View of Crime
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
Conflict View of Crime
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
15 terms
Law & Criminal Justice
Plaintiff
Appellate Courts
Extradition
Statutes
Person or company harmed
When a person who loses a trial asks a higher court to review…
The process in which one country asks another to surrender a…
Written laws enacted by legislatures
Plaintiff
Person or company harmed
Appellate Courts
When a person who loses a trial asks a higher court to review…
18 terms
Law and Criminal Justice
Prosecutor
Human Rights
Reservations
Criminal Law
A person, usually a public official, who is conducting a case…
Rights that all people have because they are human beings.
Legal way of making a provision less enforceable than it migh…
Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed go society.
Prosecutor
A person, usually a public official, who is conducting a case…
Human Rights
Rights that all people have because they are human beings.
53 terms
Criminal law and Youth Justice
What is a crime?
What is innocent until proven guilty?
Who holds burden of proof?
What is the right to remain silent?
An act or omission against the state or nation
If there is any reasonable doubt, the accused should be acqui…
The prosecution
People have the right not to answer questions from the police
What is a crime?
An act or omission against the state or nation
What is innocent until proven guilty?
If there is any reasonable doubt, the accused should be acqui…
18 terms
Constitutional law for criminal justice
Bill of attainder
Selective incorporation
Ex post facto
Due process clause
A legislative act which declares an individual a criminal wit…
The process by which the Bill of Rights was made binding on t…
Protects the accused from being disadvantaged by changes made…
The mechanism used to impose most of the guarantees of the Bi…
Bill of attainder
A legislative act which declares an individual a criminal wit…
Selective incorporation
The process by which the Bill of Rights was made binding on t…
77 terms
law and criminal justice system
why have laws ?
what is law ?
what is crime ?
what is the criminal justice system ?
to maintain order and protect the community
a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controllin…
any act done in violation of those duties which an individual…
police ( law enforcement) ,corrections and courts
why have laws ?
to maintain order and protect the community
what is law ?
a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controllin…
12 terms
Criminal Justice and the Law
Statutory Law
Common Law/ Case Law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
"law on the books", based on Constitution
made by judges
deals with relationships between people involving contracts o…
regulation and enforcement of rights
Statutory Law
"law on the books", based on Constitution
Common Law/ Case Law
made by judges
63 terms
Law and Criminal Justice Policy
Wobblers
Conspiracy
War on Drugs
War on Crime
- Cases where prosecutor or judge can continue charging someo…
Must be two or more people involved... - Aim is to commit an il…
This term divides the world into good or evil. ... Casualties? A…
Police officers discretion brings into sharp relief the un-re…
Wobblers
- Cases where prosecutor or judge can continue charging someo…
Conspiracy
Must be two or more people involved... - Aim is to commit an il…
10 terms
Criminal Justice Law Of Crimes
Battery
Assault
Mayhem
Torture
...
...
...
...
Battery
...
Assault
...
CRIMINAL LAW AND JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION
CRIMINAL ATTEMPT (SIX STEPS)
I. CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY
CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY Punishement
Criminal Conspiracy intent
- ) 1. conceive the idea 2. Evaluates the idea (can we get aw…
an agreement between 2 or more people to commit an unlawful a…
Can be very serious
normally not that difficult to prove (they try to look for th…
CRIMINAL ATTEMPT (SIX STEPS)
- ) 1. conceive the idea 2. Evaluates the idea (can we get aw…
I. CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY
an agreement between 2 or more people to commit an unlawful a…
24 terms
Criminal justice crime and law
why is crime data important?
Findings of the NCVS
2 major sources of crime statistics
Part 1 crime you are most likely to be…
Provide overview of whats actually going on. Create and desig…
city residents are 2x as likely as rural residents to be vict…
Uniform crime report. ... National crime victimization survey
Burglary
why is crime data important?
Provide overview of whats actually going on. Create and desig…
Findings of the NCVS
city residents are 2x as likely as rural residents to be vict…
15 terms
Criminal Justice and The Law
Establishment on laws
Codes of conduct
Modern laws
The constitution
Regulate relationships between individuals and between organi…
In existence since the beginning of civilization in one form…
Result of a long history of social customs, rules, practices,…
The supreme document and final authority on laws pertaining t…
Establishment on laws
Regulate relationships between individuals and between organi…
Codes of conduct
In existence since the beginning of civilization in one form…
40 terms
Criminal Law and Justice System
Discovery
Libel
Indictment
Sentencing
civil case process in which defendant turns over legal docume…
written lies about someone
formal charge issued by a grand jury
a judge declares the punishment at the conclusion of the trial
Discovery
civil case process in which defendant turns over legal docume…
Libel
written lies about someone
Criminal Law and Juvenile Justice
Delinquent offenders
Status offenders
Neglected
abused Children
a minor who has committed an act that, if committed by an adu…
youths who have committed acts that would not be crimes if co…
failed to care for or attend to
occurs when a child has been sexually, physically, or emotion…
Delinquent offenders
a minor who has committed an act that, if committed by an adu…
Status offenders
youths who have committed acts that would not be crimes if co…
24 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Intentionally
Knowingly
Wantonly
Recklessly
is a serious mental state- defedant "wants" to do whatever s/…
is a serious mental state because the defedant is aware of th…
is the most serious form of carelessness, defendant is aware…
is a less serious form of carelessness- a substanial and unju…
Intentionally
is a serious mental state- defedant "wants" to do whatever s/…
Knowingly
is a serious mental state because the defedant is aware of th…
25 terms
Criminal Justice and the Law
Assault
Aggravated Assault
Attempted Battery
Battery
Attempted or threatened battery.... A willful attempt or willful…
An assault that is committed with the intention of committing…
1. An unlawful attempt ... 2. with present ability... 3. to commit…
The willful & unlawful; use of force, violence, or offensive…
Assault
Attempted or threatened battery.... A willful attempt or willful…
Aggravated Assault
An assault that is committed with the intention of committing…
Criminal Justice History of Laws
What should Laws do?
What are the four characteristics of a…
What is the Code of Hammurabi?
What is the Roman Law?
Keep peace and prevent violent acts... Resolve disagreements
Fair... Reasonable... Understandable... Enforceable
The first laws made and used
Another first set of laws made and added on to by Roman Judges.
What should Laws do?
Keep peace and prevent violent acts... Resolve disagreements
What are the four characteristics of a…
Fair... Reasonable... Understandable... Enforceable
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substansive crimminal law
procedural criminial law
the accountability of an individual for a crime beccause of t…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that crimminal justice officials…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime beccause of t…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
38 terms
Criminal Justice Law Enforcement
Investigates alcohol, tobacco and fire…
what do federal marshalls do?
what does the IRS do?
Postal Inspection Service United State…
ATF (Alcohol tabaco, firearms)
*protecting Federal Judicial Courts... * Transporting federal pr…
*Tax evasion... Collecting Taxes... Collecting Forfeitures
postal fraud... Mail theft both external and internal
Investigates alcohol, tobacco and fire…
ATF (Alcohol tabaco, firearms)
what do federal marshalls do?
*protecting Federal Judicial Courts... * Transporting federal pr…
19 terms
Criminal Justice Laws and Regulations
Rules and regulations made and inferre…
Requiring citizens to pay taxes is wha…
All students in the U.S. is provided w…
This is the division of powers of the…
Laws
Economic Value
Social Value
Separation of Powers
Rules and regulations made and inferre…
Laws
Requiring citizens to pay taxes is wha…
Economic Value
25 terms
Forensics- Criminal Justice and the Law
U.S constitution
Statuary Law
Common Law
Civil Law
the supreme body of laws that governs our country. It overrul…
written law or codified law, is the "law on the books" as ena…
case law, is made by judges. it is the body of laws made up b…
sometimes referred to as private law, deals with relationship…
U.S constitution
the supreme body of laws that governs our country. It overrul…
Statuary Law
written law or codified law, is the "law on the books" as ena…
25 terms
Forensics- Criminal Justice and the Law
U.S constitution
Statuary Law
Common Law
Civil Law
the supreme body of laws that governs our country;... overrules…
"law on the books" as enacted by a governmental body such as…
case law, is made by judges. it is the body of laws made up b…
deals with relationships between individuals involving matter…
U.S constitution
the supreme body of laws that governs our country;... overrules…
Statuary Law
"law on the books" as enacted by a governmental body such as…
8 terms
Criminal Justice System Laws
Statutory Law
Common Law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Law passed by the U.S. Congress or state legislatures
A system of law based on precedent and customs
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
A law that defines crimes against the public order.
Statutory Law
Law passed by the U.S. Congress or state legislatures
Common Law
A system of law based on precedent and customs
Criminal Justice Laws
Statutory Law
Administrative law
Case law
Common Law
the written law established by enactments expressing the will…
It is the body of law that governs the activities of administ…
One side complains that it has suffered because the other sid…
The part of English law that is derived from custom or judici…
Statutory Law
the written law established by enactments expressing the will…
Administrative law
It is the body of law that governs the activities of administ…
criminal justice and the rule of law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
24 terms
Criminal Justice and The rule of Law
Substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
precedent
Bill of rights important to the due pr…
elements of a crime ... defenses against criminal responsibility…
process of enforcing substantive law, procedural due process…
magna carta of England: ... any fundamental constitution or law…
4th, 5th, 6th, 8th & the 14th amendments
Substantive criminal law
elements of a crime ... defenses against criminal responsibility…
procedural criminal law
process of enforcing substantive law, procedural due process…
56 terms
Criminal Justice and the Law Final
People v. Rice
Clements v. State
Schweinle v. State
Folsom v. State
-computer crime
Case brief presentation - best to make a time line... • Procedur…
Brief case on p. 246... • Issue: Whether or not the D should hav…
-burglary ... - Burglary by a spouse!
People v. Rice
-computer crime
Clements v. State
Case brief presentation - best to make a time line... • Procedur…
Law and Criminal Justice System
How has incarceration rate in the U.S.…
How does the incarceration rate differ…
According to Wacquant,... Why does slave…
According to Pager,... What is audit meth…
-Between 1925-2014 there was a huge rise in state and federal…
-Blacks are 12.6% of the US population, but they're 36% of th…
The Conflation of blacks and crime in collective representati…
A study in wanting people to go beyond and go on interviews.…
How has incarceration rate in the U.S.…
-Between 1925-2014 there was a huge rise in state and federal…
How does the incarceration rate differ…
-Blacks are 12.6% of the US population, but they're 36% of th…
25 terms
Law and Criminal Justice History
The English Parliament, in 1829 he led…
A form of community policing institute…
This person established the first reco…
replaced the office of the shire in 1326
Sir Robert Peel
Frankpledge System
Pharaoh Hur Moheb
Justice of peace
The English Parliament, in 1829 he led…
Sir Robert Peel
A form of community policing institute…
Frankpledge System
Criminal Justice set for laws
261 PC Rape
Burglary 459 PC
484 PC Larceny
108 IVC
Penetration that is not of consent the sentence is between 3-…
Unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony . Doesn't ha…
The unlawful taking carrying,leading, or riding away in prope…
Theft of stealing automobile ... CA: Charged under vehicle code…
261 PC Rape
Penetration that is not of consent the sentence is between 3-…
Burglary 459 PC
Unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony . Doesn't ha…
Constitutional Laws Criminal Justice
Tennessee v. Garner
Graham v. Connor
Plain View Doctrine
Plain View Doctrine Info
specified conditions under which deadly force can be used to…
established standard of objective reasonableness "at the mome…
Coolidge v. New hampshire
police officer can obtain evidence in an area without a warra…
Tennessee v. Garner
specified conditions under which deadly force can be used to…
Graham v. Connor
established standard of objective reasonableness "at the mome…
56 terms
Criminal Justice--Chapter 3: Criminal Law and the Criminal Justice Process
Civil law
criminal law
substantive criminal law
procedural law
formal rules that regulate disputes between private parties
formal rules designed to maintain social control
law defining the specific behaviors prohibited under the crim…
the rules for adjudication of individuals suspected of violat…
Civil law
formal rules that regulate disputes between private parties
criminal law
formal rules designed to maintain social control
Criminal Justice Intro to Laws
Conflict Model
Consensus Model
Crime Control Model
Criminal Justice System
Most politically powerful segments of society, based on class…
Rests on the assumption that as people gather together to for…
Law enforcement must be counted on to control criminal activi…
Institutions must be created to apprehend alleged wrong doers…
Conflict Model
Most politically powerful segments of society, based on class…
Consensus Model
Rests on the assumption that as people gather together to for…
Law and Criminal Justice Unit 1
Law
Statue
Code of Hammurabi
Magna Carta
A system of rules usually enforced through a set of instituti…
A formal, written law of a country or state enacted by the go…
First known written law; set rules for orderly society
The "Great Charter" was the document to limit the kings absol…
Law
A system of rules usually enforced through a set of instituti…
Statue
A formal, written law of a country or state enacted by the go…
47 terms
CRIMINAL LAW & JUSTICE TEST 1
LAW
INQUISITORIAL
ADVERSARIAL
IN CRIMINAL LAW CASES THE STATE IS REF…
A body of rules enacted in a legitimate manner, backed by the…
the judge calls witnesses and asks questions; used in civil law
Opposing parties are responsible for calling and questioning…
Petitioner
LAW
A body of rules enacted in a legitimate manner, backed by the…
INQUISITORIAL
the judge calls witnesses and asks questions; used in civil law
criminal justice laws and values
laws reflect
legal system influenced by
mala inse
mala prohibita
societys values
society's ideas of right and wrong
acts that are evil in themselves
wrong because man says so
laws reflect
societys values
legal system influenced by
society's ideas of right and wrong
37 terms
Laws and the Criminal Justice System
Crime
White-Collar Crimes
Aquit
Criminal
An act that breaks a law and causes harm to people/ society i…
Financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by businesse…
Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not gui…
Someone who commits a crime
Crime
An act that breaks a law and causes harm to people/ society i…
White-Collar Crimes
Financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by businesse…
12 terms
History of Laws- Criminal Justice
Good Laws
Code of Hammurabi
Ten Commandments
Where did the Roman laws spread to?
Laws that are fair, reasonable, understandable, and enforceab…
First known system of written law
Another set of early laws
Europe, Africa, and Asia
Good Laws
Laws that are fair, reasonable, understandable, and enforceab…
Code of Hammurabi
First known system of written law
44 terms
Criminal Law and Justice Part 1
Jurisprudence
Moral (value)
Economic (value)
Political (value)
The study of law and legal philosophy
Deals with the fundamental questions of right and wrong
Accumulation, preservation, used and distribution of wealth
Reflects to the relationship between government and individuals
Jurisprudence
The study of law and legal philosophy
Moral (value)
Deals with the fundamental questions of right and wrong
43 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Law
Code of Hammurabi
Trial by Ordeal
Age of Enlightenment
Specific Deterrence
The oldest known legal code, it established approximately 300…
Primitive form of trial in which the outcome rested in the ha…
Brought about new ways of thinking including reforms from out…
The notion that punishment serves to deter the individuals be…
Code of Hammurabi
The oldest known legal code, it established approximately 300…
Trial by Ordeal
Primitive form of trial in which the outcome rested in the ha…
56 terms
Criminal Justice and the Law FINAL EXAM
People v. Rice
Clements v. State
Schweinle v. State
Folsom v. State
-computer crime... Rice appeals the judgement of conviction ente…
Case brief presentation - best to make a time line... • Procedur…
Brief case on p. 246... • Issue: Whether or not the D should hav…
-burglary ... - Burglary by a spouse!... Paul Folsom, convicted of…
People v. Rice
-computer crime... Rice appeals the judgement of conviction ente…
Clements v. State
Case brief presentation - best to make a time line... • Procedur…
Criminal Justice Chapter 4: Criminal Law
What are the 10 things that laws do?
Sources of Written Law
Other Sources of Law: Common law
Other Sources of Law: Procedural
1.) Maintain order in society... 2.) Regulate human interaction…
U.S. constitution... Declaration of Independence ... Due Process
Originated from usage and custom, not from written statues. R…
The part of the law that specifies the methods to be used in…
What are the 10 things that laws do?
1.) Maintain order in society... 2.) Regulate human interaction…
Sources of Written Law
U.S. constitution... Declaration of Independence ... Due Process
Law and Justice Unit 2A: Criminal Law
Mens Rea
Actus Reus
Omission
State of Being/Affairs
The mental requirement in criminal law, also known as the "gu…
The physical part of a crime, also known as the "guilty act."…
failing to perform an act required by a criminal law, if a pe…
an offense in which a person is not actively committing an ac…
Mens Rea
The mental requirement in criminal law, also known as the "gu…
Actus Reus
The physical part of a crime, also known as the "guilty act."…
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