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Gravitational Interaction

Isaac Newton

1687

Universal Law of Gravitation

long range interaction that can be exerted by objects with ma…

formulated the three laws of motion... published the law of grav…

the year the law of gravitation was published

all particles in the universe attracts every other particles…

Gravitational Interaction

long range interaction that can be exerted by objects with ma…

Isaac Newton

formulated the three laws of motion... published the law of grav…

Law of gravitation

Inertia

Accretion

Spectrograph

States that every object in the universe attracts to ever oth…

An object to resit a change in motion

Bulding something up gradually by the gatering together of sm…

Is a device that breaks light into colors and produces an ima…

Law of gravitation

States that every object in the universe attracts to ever oth…

Inertia

An object to resit a change in motion

Philosophe

Social contract

Direct democracy

A philosopher who studies a specific subject

In moral and political philosophy, the social contract or pol…

Direct democracy (also known as pure democracy) is a form of…

Philosophe

A philosopher who studies a specific subject

Social contract

In moral and political philosophy, the social contract or pol…

Gravitational force

Law of Universal Gravitation

Universal gravitation constant

Satellite

An attractive force that acts between any two masses.

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

6.67 E-11 N m² / kg²

Object that revolves around a larger object

Gravitational force

An attractive force that acts between any two masses.

Law of Universal Gravitation

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

orbit

Kepler's first law

Kepler's second law

Kepler's third law

the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…

every planet moves in an elliptical orbit, with the Sun at on…

as a planet moves in orbit, a line drawn from the Sun to the…

if T is the period and a is the length of the semimajor axis…

orbit

the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…

Kepler's first law

every planet moves in an elliptical orbit, with the Sun at on…

Acceleration

Acceleration Due to Gravity:…

Air Resistance

Distance

Acceleration Any change in velocity. This includes an object…

An object accelerates at 9.8 m/s/s (or m/s^2) if gravity is t…

The frictional force air exerts on an object.

How far an object moves from its starting point

Acceleration

Acceleration Any change in velocity. This includes an object…

Acceleration Due to Gravity:…

An object accelerates at 9.8 m/s/s (or m/s^2) if gravity is t…

Law of Universal Gravitation

gravitational force formula

universal gravitation constant

acceleration due to gravity on Earth

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

F = G (m1m2)/d2

6.67e-11 Nm2/kg2

9.8 m/s2

Law of Universal Gravitation

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

gravitational force formula

F = G (m1m2)/d2

law of universal gravitation

universal gravity constant

inverse square law

gravitational field

for any pair of objects each object attracts the other object…

the costant g in the equaition for newtons law of universal g…

a physical quality varies inversly as another quantity square…

a force field that exists in the space around every mass or g…

law of universal gravitation

for any pair of objects each object attracts the other object…

universal gravity constant

the costant g in the equaition for newtons law of universal g…

Law of Universal Gravitation

gravitational force formula

universal gravitation constant

acceleration due to gravity on Earth

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

F = G (m1m2)/d2

6.67e-11 Nm2/kg2

9.8 m/s2

Law of Universal Gravitation

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

gravitational force formula

F = G (m1m2)/d2

Law of Universal Gravitation

gravitational force formula

universal gravitation constant

acceleration due to gravity on Earth

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

F = G (m1m2)/d2

6.67e-11 Nm2/kg2

9.8 m/s2

Law of Universal Gravitation

All objects in the universe attract each other through gravit…

gravitational force formula

F = G (m1m2)/d2

resistance

falling objects

gravity

inertia

Air offers ________ to the motion of objects through it.

Galileo concluded that an object's weight, or mass, does NOT…

An object is pulled to Earth by ________, an attraction betwe…

Objects with a large mass are pulled on by gravity with more…

resistance

Air offers ________ to the motion of objects through it.

falling objects

Galileo concluded that an object's weight, or mass, does NOT…

Which has more gravitational pull: The…

Which has more gravitational pull: Two…

Which has more gravitational pull: You…

If every object in the universe has a…

The sun and the earth because the sun has more mass.

A bowling ball and a marble because the bowling ball has the…

Same gravitational pull because they have the same mass.

Because the person sitting next to me has much smaller mass t…

Which has more gravitational pull: The…

The sun and the earth because the sun has more mass.

Which has more gravitational pull: Two…

A bowling ball and a marble because the bowling ball has the…

Two students standing apart in a class…

A planet has a mass of about 6.4 x 102…

Why does an astronaut weigh less on th…

Two small masses that are 10.0 cm apar…

2.50m

a. 9.4X106

c.... The gravitational field strength is less on the moon's sur…

d. 40.0N

Two students standing apart in a class…

2.50m

A planet has a mass of about 6.4 x 102…

a. 9.4X106

Mass

Weight

The force of _________________ on a pe…

__________________ varies with gravita…

a measure of the amount of matter in an object.

A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.

gravity

Weight; Mass

Mass

a measure of the amount of matter in an object.

Weight

A measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.

attractive force that exists between a…

gives materials their strength, their…

holds particles in the nucleus of an a…

form of electromagnetic force; involve…

gravitational force

electromagnetic force

strong nuclear force

weak nuclear force

attractive force that exists between a…

gravitational force

gives materials their strength, their…

electromagnetic force

Law of universal gravitation

Neap tide

Spring tide

Universal constant of gravity, G

Everything in the universe is attracted to each other

High tides made higher and low tides made lower due to sun an…

High tides made lower and low tides made higher due to sun an…

The proportional constant in newtons law of universal gravita…

Law of universal gravitation

Everything in the universe is attracted to each other

Neap tide

High tides made higher and low tides made lower due to sun an…

What make planets orbit?

What is mass?

What is gravity?

What makes bouncy balls go down to the…

Gravity.

How much matter is in an object.

Gravity is what makes pieces of matter clump together to make…

Gravity.

What make planets orbit?

Gravity.

What is mass?

How much matter is in an object.

Aristotle

Galileo

Weight

Gravity

He believed that heavy things fall faster than lighter things.

He reasoned that objects fall at the same rate, ignoring air…

The measure of gravitational force on any object.

The attraction between the mass of the Earth and the mass of…

Aristotle

He believed that heavy things fall faster than lighter things.

Galileo

He reasoned that objects fall at the same rate, ignoring air…

Weight

What is the acceleration on earth

We only measure weight when

Four large objects we use

The force due to gravity

9.8 m/s squared

The object has a mass that is much smaller than planet

Newtons law of universal gravitation

Weight

The force due to gravity

What is the acceleration on earth

9.8 m/s squared

the big idea:

Newton's discovery

according to Newton...

not just big masses;

everything pulls on everything else

gravity is a universal force- that it is not unique to Earth,…

all objects in the universe attract other objects as a direct…

ALL masses attract other objects

the big idea:

everything pulls on everything else

Newton's discovery

gravity is a universal force- that it is not unique to Earth,…

What happens when two objects are clos…

what happens when two objects are far…

Mass of earth

Mass of sun

more gravitational attraction

less gravitational attraction

6.0 x 10^24

2.0 x 10^30

What happens when two objects are clos…

more gravitational attraction

what happens when two objects are far…

less gravitational attraction

Newton's 1st Law

Newton's 2nd Law

Newton's 3rd Law

Gravity experienced by 2 small celesti…

An object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest…

The force applied is equal to the mass and acceleration of an…

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Great.

Newton's 1st Law

An object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest…

Newton's 2nd Law

The force applied is equal to the mass and acceleration of an…

9.6 × 10^24

40

18

1/4

An object of mass 0.50 kg is transported to the surface of Pl…

An object of mass 0.50 kg is transported to the surface of Pl…

An object of mass 0.50 kg is transported to the surface of Pl…

An Earth satellite is orbiting at a distance from the Earth's…

9.6 × 10^24

An object of mass 0.50 kg is transported to the surface of Pl…

40

An object of mass 0.50 kg is transported to the surface of Pl…

Pedaling your bicycle harder makes you…

An object with no net force acting on…

For every action there is an equal and…

An object is in equilibrium if

Newtons Second Law

Newtons First Law

Newtons Third Law

The net force acting on it is zero.

Pedaling your bicycle harder makes you…

Newtons Second Law

An object with no net force acting on…

Newtons First Law

Law 1

Law 2

Law 3

Orbit

Planets orbits are elliptical.

In thier own orbit planets move faster when they are closer t…

Planets that are farther from the sun have a longer period of…

The path that a body follows as it travels through space arou…

Law 1

Planets orbits are elliptical.

Law 2

In thier own orbit planets move faster when they are closer t…

Newton's 1st Law

Newton's 2nd Law

Newton's 3rd Law

Gravity experienced by 2 small celesti…

An object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest…

The force applied is equal to the mass and acceleration of an…

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Great.

Newton's 1st Law

An object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest…

Newton's 2nd Law

The force applied is equal to the mass and acceleration of an…

mass

weight

9.8m/sec

1.6m/sec

how much matter is in an object - NEVER changes based on grav…

CHANGES based on gravitational pull

gravity on Earth

gravity on the moom

mass

how much matter is in an object - NEVER changes based on grav…

weight

CHANGES based on gravitational pull

State Newton's universal law of gravit…

Define gravitational field strength.

State there are two types of electric…

State and apply the law of conservatio…

The force between two spherical masses whose separation is la…

Gravitational field strength at a point is the force per unit…

+ and -

The total charge of a closed system is constant.

State Newton's universal law of gravit…

The force between two spherical masses whose separation is la…

Define gravitational field strength.

Gravitational field strength at a point is the force per unit…

Parsec

Observable Universe

Inflation

Cosmic Microwave Background

unit of length used to measure large distances to objects out…

All space we can see before the Big Bang

Theory according to which the universe underwent extremely ra…

Thermal radiation left over from time of recombination in Big…

Parsec

unit of length used to measure large distances to objects out…

Observable Universe

All space we can see before the Big Bang

Geocentric

Spherical Shell Surrounding Earth

Mercury Venus Mars Jupiter Saturn

Epicycle

Earth is centered system of universe

According to Greeks starts are attached by this

5 wonderers or planets that could be seen without a telescope

Ptolemy used this device to account for the retrograde motion…

Geocentric

Earth is centered system of universe

Spherical Shell Surrounding Earth

According to Greeks starts are attached by this

Gravitational Force

Gravitational field

Centripetal Force Requirement

Inertial Mass

(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the u…

a force field that exists in the space around every mass or g…

An inward force acting upon an object that is moving in a cir…

a measure of an object's resistance to any type of force

Gravitational Force

(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the u…

Gravitational field

a force field that exists in the space around every mass or g…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Inverse Square Law

Apparent weightlessness

Gravitational field

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

Occurs when an object and its surroundings are falling at the…

The attractive non-contact force that a massive body extends…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

The force of gravity between two objects is proportional to e…

Inverse Square Law

Relates the intensity of an effect to the inverse square of t…

(Johannes) Kepler

First

Second

Third

___ was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; ke…

Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the orbit of…

Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that a line joinin…

Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the square of…

(Johannes) Kepler

___ was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; ke…

First

Kepler's (first / second / third) law says that the orbit of…

Gravity is the natural phenomenon by w…

.All Objects are effected by

Weight

SI unit for weight is

all physical bodies are attracted to each other

gravity

measure of force of gravity pulling down on an object's mass

N Newton

Gravity is the natural phenomenon by w…

all physical bodies are attracted to each other

.All Objects are effected by

gravity

Gravitational Force

Free fall

Gravitation force (2)

Gravitation force (3)

Newton realized that the centripetal forve that hold the plan…

Orbiting objects are in free fall

The force that pulls Apple toward the Earth is the same that…

Is the mutual force of attraction between particles of matter…

Gravitational Force

Newton realized that the centripetal forve that hold the plan…

Free fall

Orbiting objects are in free fall

Gravity

Weight

Newton's

How does air affect how a feather fall…

A force of attraction, or pull, between any object and other…

The force of gravity between earth and an object

Unit of measuring the amount of push or pull of force

Air resistance

Gravity

A force of attraction, or pull, between any object and other…

Weight

The force of gravity between earth and an object

weight is a_____

the equation for weight

universal law of gravity formula

what is the relationship between Fg an…

force (the force of gravity acting on an object)

w=mg otherwise known as f=ma

Fg=m1 m2/dsquared

directly=if mass goes up, so does Fg

weight is a_____

force (the force of gravity acting on an object)

the equation for weight

w=mg otherwise known as f=ma

on the side of the Earth that faces th…

low tides occur where the Earth is not…

electricity , machinery

1, Earth's

How does the Moon cause high tides on Earth?

How are low tides caused?

The rising and falling water can be used to produce _________…

You can fit almost_______ million _______ in the Sun

on the side of the Earth that faces th…

How does the Moon cause high tides on Earth?

low tides occur where the Earth is not…

How are low tides caused?

Gravity is the natural phenomenon by w…

.All Objects are effected by

Weight

SI unit for weight is

all physical bodies are attracted to each other

gravity

measure of force of gravity pulling down on an object's mass

N Newton

Gravity is the natural phenomenon by w…

all physical bodies are attracted to each other

.All Objects are effected by

gravity

universal law of gravitation

inverse square law

bound orbits

unbound orbits

-every mass attracts every other mass through gravity... -stren…

a law followed by any quantity that decreases with the square…

-orbits in which an object goes around another object over an…

-paths that bring an object close to another object just once…

universal law of gravitation

-every mass attracts every other mass through gravity... -stren…

inverse square law

a law followed by any quantity that decreases with the square…

Gravitation

Gravitational force equation

R=

LoUG is inverse

Every object with mass and every other object with mass; incr…

Fg = G m1m2/r^2

Distance between bodies

Distance doubles>force drops to 1/4 , triples>1/9, *10>Fg/100

Gravitation

Every object with mass and every other object with mass; incr…

Gravitational force equation

Fg = G m1m2/r^2

Vesalius

William Harvey

Heliocentric theory

Tycho Brahe

Flemish man who published The Structure of the Human Body and…

Used methods such as animal vivisection to write his book On…

A theory put forth by Copernicus that the solar system and un…

Major authority on heavenly bodies in his time that never ful…

Vesalius

Flemish man who published The Structure of the Human Body and…

William Harvey

Used methods such as animal vivisection to write his book On…

Inertial mass

Gravitational Mass

How's can you describe orbital motion?

How are gravitation mass and internal…

A measure of an object's resistance to any type of force

Mass used in the law of universal gravitation

Can be described as a cannonball fired horizontally from a mo…

They are alike in the way they measure a quality of an object…

Inertial mass

A measure of an object's resistance to any type of force

Gravitational Mass

Mass used in the law of universal gravitation

What can you use to see if something i…

what is an example of a label for speed?

what is average speed?

what is velocity?

a reference point or a frame of reference

m/s

the overall rate at which an object moves

speed and direction

What can you use to see if something i…

a reference point or a frame of reference

what is an example of a label for speed?

m/s

Andreas Versalius

Physiology

William Harvey

Blaise Pascal

In 1543 the Flemish physician Andreas Versalius published The…

In physiology also, dealing with the functioning rather than…

William Harvey, after years of laboratory work in England (wh…

The theory of probabilities was developed by Blaise Pascal. T…

Andreas Versalius

In 1543 the Flemish physician Andreas Versalius published The…

Physiology

In physiology also, dealing with the functioning rather than…

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

weakest

Universal Gravitation Constant

Cavendish

F=G(m)(m)/d^2

of the fundamental forces, Gravity is the ________________

G=6.67x10^-11

__________________ created G

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

F=G(m)(m)/d^2

weakest

of the fundamental forces, Gravity is the ________________

what is newton's law of gravitation

why is newton's law of gravitation som…

which law explains why planets orbit t…

2 things newton's law of gravitation s…

size of **attractive gravitational force between ALL MASSES**

because it describes the **forces between any objects w/ MASS**

newton's law of gravitation

the force between 2 point masses: ... 1) **F ∝ Mm.**... 2) *F ∝ Mm /…

what is newton's law of gravitation

size of **attractive gravitational force between ALL MASSES**

why is newton's law of gravitation som…

because it describes the **forces between any objects w/ MASS**