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Study sets matching "law in society chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "law in society chapter 10"

28 terms
Law & Society: Chapter 10
Voluntary Consent
Bilateral Mistake
Unilateral Mistake
Scienter
The knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
A mistake that occurs when both parties to a contract are mis…
A mistake that occurs when one party to a contract is mistake…
Intent to deceive.
Voluntary Consent
The knowing and voluntary agreement to the terms of a contrac…
Bilateral Mistake
A mistake that occurs when both parties to a contract are mis…
35 terms
Law and Society Chapter 10
Will
Testator
Beneficiary
Executor
A declaration of how a person wants his or her property to be…
Person who makes a will.
Person designated in the will to receive the testator's prope…
Person named in a will to administer the testator's estate du…
Will
A declaration of how a person wants his or her property to be…
Testator
Person who makes a will.
15 terms
Chapter 10 Law and Society
Arson
Vandalism
Larceny
Shoplifting
Willful and malicious burning of a person's property.
Malicious mischief is willful, destruction of, or damage to,…
unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another…
Form of larceny, taking items from a store without paying or…
Arson
Willful and malicious burning of a person's property.
Vandalism
Malicious mischief is willful, destruction of, or damage to,…
50 terms
Law and society chapter 10 vocab
Bilateral contract
Unilateral contract
Option
Promissory estoppel
A contract in which both parties have made promises to perform.
A contract in which the offer is accepted by performance rath…
A promise to keep an offer open for a period of time.
The legal doctrine by which a person who makes a promise is e…
Bilateral contract
A contract in which both parties have made promises to perform.
Unilateral contract
A contract in which the offer is accepted by performance rath…
15 terms
Law and American Society Chapter 10
Assumption of the Risk
Charitable Immunity
Diplomatic Immunity
Diplomatic Relations Act
A defense to a negligent action asserting that when the plain…
The idea that charitable organizations are immune from claims…
A foreign dignitary is afforded immunity from suit or crimina…
Any action or proceeding brought against an individual who is…
Assumption of the Risk
A defense to a negligent action asserting that when the plain…
Charitable Immunity
The idea that charitable organizations are immune from claims…
31 terms
Law & Society Year 10
access
adversarial system
anarchy
appeal
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
an application for a legal decision to be reviewed in a highe…
access
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
adversarial system
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
25 terms
Sport in Society - Chapter 10
Social Class
Social Stratification
Life chances
Class Relations
Categories of people who share a similar economic position in…
Structured forms of economic inequalities that are part of th…
- opportunities to achieve economic success and gain economic…
the ways that social class is incorporated into everyday life…
Social Class
Categories of people who share a similar economic position in…
Social Stratification
Structured forms of economic inequalities that are part of th…
29 terms
Aging and Society Chapter 10
Active Euthanasia
Advance Directive (AD)
Awareness of Dying
Bereavement
When patients receive help in ending their own lives, as in t…
A way to help people ensure that their wishes about end-of-li…
A social construct experienced by the dying person, family, a…
The objective situation of having lost someone significant
Active Euthanasia
When patients receive help in ending their own lives, as in t…
Advance Directive (AD)
A way to help people ensure that their wishes about end-of-li…
66 terms
Law and Society Chapters 9 and 10- Contracts
promise
contract
objective theory
bilateral contract
assertion that something either will or will not happen in th…
agreement that can be enforced in court, formed by two compet…
theory under which the intent to form a contract will be judg…
type of contract that arises when a promise is given in excha…
promise
assertion that something either will or will not happen in th…
contract
agreement that can be enforced in court, formed by two compet…
30 terms
Law in Society Chapter 2
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate Court
Limited jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
U.S. courts of appeals
handle minor matters, such as misdemeanors and civil actions…
Jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Original jurisdiction
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
19 terms
Society in Focus, Chapter 10
Biological race
Races
Ethnicity
Ethnic group
A population that differs from others in the frequency of a c…
Categories of people set apart from others because of sociall…
Statuses based on cultural heritage and shared "feelings of p…
A category of people set apart from others because of distinc…
Biological race
A population that differs from others in the frequency of a c…
Races
Categories of people set apart from others because of sociall…
16 terms
Chapter 1 Law in Society
false
false
true
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
The supreme court of the U.S is the final interpreter of the…
The world's two greatest systems of law are the English commo…
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
false
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
30 terms
corps in society chapter 10
World Summit on Sustainable Development
KPMG - Expect the Unexpected
Sustainable Development
Sustainable Development 2
Original summit held in 1992... Rio+20 held in 2012... Attended by…
The central challenge of our age must be to decouple human pr…
Development that meets the needs of the present without compr…
Ensuring a better quality of life for everyone now and for ge…
World Summit on Sustainable Development
Original summit held in 1992... Rio+20 held in 2012... Attended by…
KPMG - Expect the Unexpected
The central challenge of our age must be to decouple human pr…
31 terms
Chapter 10 Media in Society
The Telegraph
50's and 60's
Media Convergence
Media Innovations Four Phases
Shift to Urbanization began with the invention of
Electronic Phase of the Information Age began in
Refers to the appearance of older media forms on the newest m…
Development, Entrepreneurial, Mass Medium, Convergence,
The Telegraph
Shift to Urbanization began with the invention of
50's and 60's
Electronic Phase of the Information Age began in
11 terms
Chapter 10 Society & Environment
Economic Inequality
Exponential Growth
Human Development Index
Intensification
A measure of the difference in welfare between rich and poor.
Growth in a variable over time that is characterized by a pro…
A composite measure of well being that combines national stat…
Same amount of land, intensifying yield.
Economic Inequality
A measure of the difference in welfare between rich and poor.
Exponential Growth
Growth in a variable over time that is characterized by a pro…
29 terms
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
dead poets society chapter 10
summon
bruised and swollen face
wear faces drawn with exhaustion
stifle a yawn
소환하다, 부르다
멍들고 부은 얼굴
지친 표정을 짓다
하품을 참다
summon
소환하다, 부르다
bruised and swollen face
멍들고 부은 얼굴
30 terms
Chapter 10 Media In Society
Telegraph
Electronic Phase
Media Convergence
Development Phase
Public shift to urban areas began with the invention of
This phase existed during the 50's and 60's
Refers to the appearance of older media forms on the newest m…
Phase where inventors and technicians try to solve a particul…
Telegraph
Public shift to urban areas began with the invention of
Electronic Phase
This phase existed during the 50's and 60's
24 terms
Drugs and Society- Chapter 10
Uppers
Anorexiants
Behavioral Stereotypy
Narcolepsy
CNS stimulants
drugs that suppress the activity of the brain's appetite cent…
meaningless repetition of a single activity
a condition causing spontaneous and uncontrolled sleeping epi…
Uppers
CNS stimulants
Anorexiants
drugs that suppress the activity of the brain's appetite cent…
16 terms
Law & Society Chapter 33
Lessee
Lessor
Tenancy
Tenancy for years
the tenant
the landlord
a renter's right to hold interest in the property that is bei…
the right to occupy property for a definite or fixed period o…
Lessee
the tenant
Lessor
the landlord
27 terms
Human Communication in Society Chapter 10
grouphate
primary groups
secondary groups
social facilitation
the distaste and aversion that people feel toward working in…
groups that provide members with a sense of belonging and aff…
groups that meet principally to solve problems
the tendency for people to work harder and do better when oth…
grouphate
the distaste and aversion that people feel toward working in…
primary groups
groups that provide members with a sense of belonging and aff…
27 terms
media and society chapter 10
papyrus
parchment
codex
manuscript culture
one the first substances to hold written language and symbols…
treated animal skin that replaced papyrus as an early pre-pap…
an early type of book in which paperlike sheets were cut and…
a period during the Middle Ages when priests and monks advanc…
papyrus
one the first substances to hold written language and symbols…
parchment
treated animal skin that replaced papyrus as an early pre-pap…
20 terms
Chapter 10: Gas Laws
Boyle's Law
Charles Law
Avogadro's Law
Amonton's Law
Boyle's Law
Charles Law
37 terms
Law and society chapter 2
Primitive legal system
Transitional legal system
modern legal system
Baron de Montisquieu
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
more distinguished transitional elements, proliferation of ad…
separation of powers (legislation, executive, judicial), infl…
Primitive legal system
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
Transitional legal system
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
11 terms
Business Law - Chapter 10
Forbearance
Promisor
Promisee
Pledge
Promise to refrain from doing something
Party who makes the promise
The party who the promise is made to
A promise to donate money
Forbearance
Promise to refrain from doing something
Promisor
Party who makes the promise
47 terms
Family Law - Chapter 10
Adjudicate
Amnesty
Appellant
Beneficiary
To decide by judicial process; to judge.
Forgiveness; a pardon issued by the state.
The party bringing an appeal because of disagreement with the…
The person named in a document such as a will or insurance po…
Adjudicate
To decide by judicial process; to judge.
Amnesty
Forgiveness; a pardon issued by the state.
32 terms
Chapter 8-10 Law & Society Vocab
Accessory after the fact
Accessory before the fact
Felony
Attemp
Someone who knowing a crime has been committed , helps concea…
One who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime
A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of…
An effort to commit a crime that goes beyond more preparation…
Accessory after the fact
Someone who knowing a crime has been committed , helps concea…
Accessory before the fact
One who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime
31 terms
Chapter 10 Politics & Society
interest group
federalist #10
madisonian theory
pluralism
(a faction) an organization or group of people with similar p…
by james madison; he described interest groups as harmful and…
a good constitution encourages a multitude of interests so th…
(pluralist theory/group theory of politics) interest group ac…
interest group
(a faction) an organization or group of people with similar p…
federalist #10
by james madison; he described interest groups as harmful and…
21 terms
Law Business and Society CH 10
Anti trust law
Per se
Sherman Antitrust Act 1890
Clayton Act 1914
also referred to as "competition laws" - are statutes develop…
By itself or in itself
This law attempts to prevent the artificial raising of prices…
This law forbids price discrimination, exclusive dealing, tyi…
Anti trust law
also referred to as "competition laws" - are statutes develop…
Per se
By itself or in itself
22 terms
Drugs and Society- Chapter 10
Uppers
Anorexiants
Behavioral Stereotypy
Narcolepsy
CNS stimulants
drugs that suppress the activity of the brain's appetite cent…
meaningless repetition of a single activity
a condition causing spontaneous and uncontrolled sleeping epi…
Uppers
CNS stimulants
Anorexiants
drugs that suppress the activity of the brain's appetite cent…
16 terms
Business and Society Chapter 10
Biodiversity
Carbon Neutrality
carbon offset
carrying capacity
the number and variety of species and the range their genetic…
when an organization or individual produce net zero emissions…
investments in projects that remove carbon dioxide or it's eq…
the maximum population that the Earth's ecosystem can support…
Biodiversity
the number and variety of species and the range their genetic…
Carbon Neutrality
when an organization or individual produce net zero emissions…
15 terms
Chapter 10: Gender and Society
gender roles
gender
sex
transgender
the attitudes and behaviors that are considered appropriately…
behavioral characteristics that differ between males and fema…
the anatomical and other biological characteristics that diff…
an umbrella term used to describe those whose gender identity…
gender roles
the attitudes and behaviors that are considered appropriately…
gender
behavioral characteristics that differ between males and fema…
17 terms
Policing Society Chapter 10
field notes
incident report
detective mystique
managing criminal investigations
the brief written record made by an officer from the time of…
the first written investigative report of a crime, usually co…
the idea that detective work is glamorous, exciting, and dang…
proposal recommended by the Rand study regarding a more effec…
field notes
the brief written record made by an officer from the time of…
incident report
the first written investigative report of a crime, usually co…
28 terms
law and society chapter 1
what is law
Max Weber's 3 features of law
Donald Black's 4 styles of social cont…
Donald Black's accusatory style
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
penal (labor, jail prison), compensatory (compensation for vi…
where there is a complainant and a defendant... a definite wi…
what is law
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
Max Weber's 3 features of law
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
30 terms
Individual & Society Chapter 10
Socio-economic status:
Classism:
Life chances:
Average income per capita (family and…
-refers to the combined measure that attempts to classify ind…
refers to extent to which individuals have access to importan…
Refers to the belief that the persons in the upper and privil…
Singles 35,000 family 54,000
Socio-economic status:
-refers to the combined measure that attempts to classify ind…
Classism:
refers to extent to which individuals have access to importan…
17 terms
Chapter 10: Health and Society
Sick Role (Rights)
Sick Role (Obligations)
Medicalization
Fee-for-service
A sick person has the right not to preform normal social role…
A sick person should try to get well, and should seek help an…
process by which problems or issues come to be framed as medi…
means medical providers are reimbursed per office visit or pr…
Sick Role (Rights)
A sick person has the right not to preform normal social role…
Sick Role (Obligations)
A sick person should try to get well, and should seek help an…
21 terms
chapter 10 street law
arson
auto theft
burglary
carjacking
The malicious burning of someone else's or one's own dwelling…
unauthorized taking of a vehicle without the intent to return…
The forcible breaking and entering of premises closed for bus…
Occurs if a person uses force or intimidation to steal a car…
arson
The malicious burning of someone else's or one's own dwelling…
auto theft
unauthorized taking of a vehicle without the intent to return…
22 terms
School and Society Chapter 10
Brown V. Board of Education
democratic ethics
due process protection in schools
expert management
Supreme Court case of 1954 in which the Court rules that raci…
in the context of teaching as a profession, the commitment to…
grounded in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, equ…
an element of modern liberal ideology that seeks to place ins…
Brown V. Board of Education
Supreme Court case of 1954 in which the Court rules that raci…
democratic ethics
in the context of teaching as a profession, the commitment to…
25 terms
Gender & Society (Chapter 10)
Afghanistan
Women Historically Viewed As
1918
School calendar
13% of women can read
Outsiders in education
Public education made compulsory
Reflects original needs of an agricultural based society
Afghanistan
13% of women can read
Women Historically Viewed As
Outsiders in education
10 terms
Chapter 10 Police and Society
Use of Force
Continuum Force
Excessive force
Police Brutality
legal authority to maintain order, demand compliance, detain…
A range of possible responses police officers use, from more…
more violence than is needed to carry out a legitimate police…
excessive force, including violence, that does not support a…
Use of Force
legal authority to maintain order, demand compliance, detain…
Continuum Force
A range of possible responses police officers use, from more…
18 terms
Chapter 6| Law in Society
Acceptance
Bilateral Contract
Consideration
Contracts
In contracts, occurs when a party to whom an offer has been m…
Offeree can accept offer by giving a promise to the offeror i…
What a person demands and generally must receive in order to…
Agreement between two parties that creates an obligation.
Acceptance
In contracts, occurs when a party to whom an offer has been m…
Bilateral Contract
Offeree can accept offer by giving a promise to the offeror i…
30 terms
Chapter 1 - Law in Society
Non Legal Rules
Legal Rules
Parliament
criminal law
made by and only affect people in families, schools or sporti…
rules created by law-making bodies such as courts and parliam…
the supreme law-making body
an area of law concerned with behaviour that is harmful to so…
Non Legal Rules
made by and only affect people in families, schools or sporti…
Legal Rules
rules created by law-making bodies such as courts and parliam…
11 terms
Business and Society chapter 10
Global Business
United national global impact
World Trade Organization WTO
Global ethical risks
a practice that brings together people from countries with di…
founded 1945 by 51 nations ... Goal to promote world piece ... 193…
est 1995 Uruguay round of negotiations of the general agreeme…
Bribery, UK bribery act overlaps with the US foreign corrupt…
Global Business
a practice that brings together people from countries with di…
United national global impact
founded 1945 by 51 nations ... Goal to promote world piece ... 193…
18 terms
chapter 10 individual and society
sex
gender
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
eligibility pool
whether one is born with male or female reproductive organs
culturally imposed sex- role stereotypes
a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing eq…
people with the characteristics that voters deem suitable for…
sex
whether one is born with male or female reproductive organs
gender
culturally imposed sex- role stereotypes
22 terms
Heredity & Society: Chapter 10
Transcription
Translation
RNA
Three types of RNA
(DNA -> mRNA) Transcription is the process by which the infor…
(RNA -> protein) It is the synthesis of proteins directed by…
is a single strand of nucleotides contains protein-encoding i…
1. mRNA... 2. rRNA... 3. tRNA
Transcription
(DNA -> mRNA) Transcription is the process by which the infor…
Translation
(RNA -> protein) It is the synthesis of proteins directed by…
28 terms
Media and Society Chapter 10
Packet Switching
Protocols
World Wide Web
Hypertext Links (Hyperlinks)
Sending digital messages in chunks through any open pathway,…
Software codes that enable one computer to communicate with a…
A simplified means of navigating the Internet based on hypert…
Highlighted words and images within a web page that allow the…
Packet Switching
Sending digital messages in chunks through any open pathway,…
Protocols
Software codes that enable one computer to communicate with a…
Drugs and Society Chapter 10
The legal product used by a significan…
Tobacco is a substance responsible
Adverse effects
Cultivated and used by Native American…
Is changing, tobacco is now targeting children
For more adverse health consequences and death than any other…
Slowing breathing, slowing heart rate, can lead to death
Tobacco leaves were presented as a gift to Columbus in 1492
The legal product used by a significan…
Is changing, tobacco is now targeting children
Tobacco is a substance responsible
For more adverse health consequences and death than any other…
56 terms
Law and Society Chapters 8-10 Vocabulary
Accessory after the fact
Accessory before the fact
Accomplice
Attempt
Someone who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps concea…
One who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime.
A person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime.
An effort to commit a crime that goes beyond mere preparation…
Accessory after the fact
Someone who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps concea…
Accessory before the fact
One who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime.
30 terms
Chapter 10: Gender and Society
Gender Roles
Sex
Gender
Transgender
The attitudes and behaviors that are considered appropriately…
The anatomical and other biological characteristics that diff…
Behavioral characteristics that differ between males and fema…
An umbrella term used to describe those whose gender identity…
Gender Roles
The attitudes and behaviors that are considered appropriately…
Sex
The anatomical and other biological characteristics that diff…
14 terms
Media and Society Chapter 10
Penny Arcade
Pinball Machine
Flipper bumper
Cathode-ray tube
Coin-operated contraptions devoted to cashing in on idleness…
the most prominent of the mechanical games - players score po…
enables players to careen the ball back up to the play table…
CRT-type screens provided hte images for analog television an…
Penny Arcade
Coin-operated contraptions devoted to cashing in on idleness…
Pinball Machine
the most prominent of the mechanical games - players score po…
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