Study sets matching "law in society"

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Study sets matching "law in society"

35 terms
Law and Society
adversarial system
adversary
anarchy
bail
a legal system involving two opposing parties who present the…
an enemy; a challenger; a competitor
the breakdown of a society due to disorder as citizens ignore…
an accused person is released into the community while they a…
adversarial system
a legal system involving two opposing parties who present the…
adversary
an enemy; a challenger; a competitor
17 terms
Law in Society
Legal rules
Non-legal rules
Characteristics of an effective law
Main aim of criminal law
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Know to the public... Acceptable... Enforceable... Stable... Changeable
to apprehend, prosecute and punish people who have broken the…
Legal rules
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
Non-legal rules
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
26 terms
Law and Society
adversarial system
anarchy
appeal
bail
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
an application for a legal decision to be reviewed in a highe…
to release an accused person who is awaiting trial
adversarial system
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
anarchy
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
46 terms
Law & Society
What are the bases of social class?
Repeat player characteristics
One-Shotters characteristics
Repeat player examples
Income... Education... Occupation... Cultural preferences... Misconceptio…
Large companies... Smaller stakes in each case... Significant resou…
Small... High stakes... Low resources
Insurance company... Consumer product corporation
What are the bases of social class?
Income... Education... Occupation... Cultural preferences... Misconceptio…
Repeat player characteristics
Large companies... Smaller stakes in each case... Significant resou…
17 terms
Law in Society
Legal rules
Non-legal rules
Characteristics of an effective law
Main aim of criminal law
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Know to the public... Acceptable... Enforceable... Stable... Changeable
to apprehend, prosecute and punish people who have broken the…
Legal rules
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
Non-legal rules
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Law & Society
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
loose form of the charter for the common government adopted b…
...
first then amendments of the Bill of Rights
Declaration of Independence
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
Articles of Confederation
loose form of the charter for the common government adopted b…
20 terms
Law and Society
Laws
Code
Common Law
Positive Law
Enforced rules of conduct in a society
Laws grouped into an organized form
Law based on the current standards or customs of the people
Law dictated from above
Laws
Enforced rules of conduct in a society
Code
Laws grouped into an organized form
law and society
administrative agency
business law
case law
civil law
governmental party formed to carry out particular laws
group of laws that cover business situations and actions
made when an appellate court endorses a rule to be used in de…
groups of laws used to provide remedy for wrongs against indi…
administrative agency
governmental party formed to carry out particular laws
business law
group of laws that cover business situations and actions
Law and Society
certiorari
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Georgia is in which congressional circ…
Legal positivism
a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
(literally to "produce the body") is a court order to a perso…
11th
Theory of law that explains late by examining it's cultural c…
certiorari
a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
(literally to "produce the body") is a court order to a perso…
law and society
'black letter' law
trial by ordeal
animal trials
hyperlexis
spells out what defines a law and educates people on the subg…
to determine guilty/not guilty, people were subjected to 'ord…
16th/17th century, animals were being charged/convicted
too much law, harmful to the economy
'black letter' law
spells out what defines a law and educates people on the subg…
trial by ordeal
to determine guilty/not guilty, people were subjected to 'ord…
14 terms
Law and Society
Social Structure
Ex: of Social Structure
Power
Setting the agenda
Patterns of interaction and systematic relationships across s…
Classrooms... Language... Class, Race, Gender (Opening a car door)…
Ability to impose your will over others, even over the coarse…
Gambling, Brown V. Board
Social Structure
Patterns of interaction and systematic relationships across s…
Ex: of Social Structure
Classrooms... Language... Class, Race, Gender (Opening a car door)…
25 terms
Law in society
associated with Law
Liberty
right
duty
justice, fair treatment, certainty, order, force... In a busines…
something you can do freely
something you can enforce against someone else
something you can enforce against someone else
associated with Law
justice, fair treatment, certainty, order, force... In a busines…
Liberty
something you can do freely
Law in society
parliament
commonwealth
vic
statutory authorities
- to pass laws for the governments of the country or state ... -…
governor-general, senate, house of reps... laws (macro - defence…
governor, legislative council, legislative assembly (introduc…
specific range of issues
parliament
- to pass laws for the governments of the country or state ... -…
commonwealth
governor-general, senate, house of reps... laws (macro - defence…
101 terms
Law in Society
Substitution of damages for revenge is…
Louisiana is the only one of the 50 st…
Most American law courts can use eithe…
The two systems of law in use today ar…
False
True
True
False
Substitution of damages for revenge is…
False
Louisiana is the only one of the 50 st…
True
Law in Society
Four main roles of the law
Law makers
Law administrators
Sentence enforcers
1) establish boundaries... 2) protection... 3) freedom... 4) resolving…
parliament
police
courts
Four main roles of the law
1) establish boundaries... 2) protection... 3) freedom... 4) resolving…
Law makers
parliament
20 terms
Law in Society
agency
analytical
chaos
facility
a service
systematic or scientific
disorder
resources
agency
a service
analytical
systematic or scientific
Law In Society
Access
Adversarial System
Anarchy
Appeal
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
System in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
Disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
An application for a legal decision to be reviewed in a highe…
Access
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
Adversarial System
System in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
41 terms
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
The means or opportunity to approach or enter a place
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
a lack of government and law; confusion
great disorder or confusion
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
equal opportunities for all people to make use of the legal s…
Anarchy
a lack of government and law; confusion
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
Law & Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place.
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
24 terms
Law in society
Westminister System
Bicameral
Unicameral
Government
A parliamentary system which relies on a group of people are…
Two houses of parliament
One house of parliament (The territories and Queensland)
The members of parliament belonging to the political party or…
Westminister System
A parliamentary system which relies on a group of people are…
Bicameral
Two houses of parliament
16 terms
Chapter 1 Law in Society
false
false
true
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
The supreme court of the U.S is the final interpreter of the…
The world's two greatest systems of law are the English commo…
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
false
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
18 terms
Law and society
judge
law
border
nationality
sędzia
prawo
granica
narodowość
judge
sędzia
law
prawo
71 terms
Law & Society
access
accused
adult
adversarial system
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
to be charged with an alleged criminal offence
a person 18 years or over
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
access
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
accused
to be charged with an alleged criminal offence
18 terms
law in society
Laws
Code
Common law
Positive law
enforceable rules of conduct in a society
laws grouped into an organized form
Law based on current standards or customs of the people
law based on the dictates of a central political authority
Laws
enforceable rules of conduct in a society
Code
laws grouped into an organized form
20 terms
Law in Society
13th amendment
8th amendment
9th amendment
16th amendment
outlawed slavery
no cruel punishments
nonenumerated rights
income taxes
13th amendment
outlawed slavery
8th amendment
no cruel punishments
12 terms
Law in Society
bicameral
bill
concurrent powers
delegated legislation
a system of parliament that consists of two houses
a proposed law, or a proposed change to the law
law making powers, shared by both Commonwealth and state parl…
legislation made by subordinate authorities
bicameral
a system of parliament that consists of two houses
bill
a proposed law, or a proposed change to the law
law in society
Legal rules
Non-legal rules
Need for laws
Characteristics of an effective law
(made by law-making bodies with the force of law, e.g. parlia…
(made by private individuals or groups, e.g parents school.)…
1.protect our society and keep it functioning. 2.guidelines o…
1.known to the public. 2.acceptable to the community. 3. able…
Legal rules
(made by law-making bodies with the force of law, e.g. parlia…
Non-legal rules
(made by private individuals or groups, e.g parents school.)…
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
38 terms
Law & Society
Laws
Court
Common law
Magistrate
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
A place where people can resolve disputes relating to law
A system of law based on precedent and customs
A public official authorised to decide disputes bought before…
Laws
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
Court
A place where people can resolve disputes relating to law
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
(n) absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
Anarchy
(n) absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
Law and society
Anarchy
Law
Chaos
Judge
a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of auth…
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
complete disorder and confusion
a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court.
Anarchy
a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of auth…
Law
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
82 terms
Law and Society
What is a rule ?
What is a Law ?
Where do laws come from ?
What does kinship mean ?
A set of principles that govern a particular activity or proc…
A set of rules that are imposed by society upon its members t…
Aboriginal society and the British that came to Australia.
Traditional indigenous rules that outline the correct way of…
What is a rule ?
A set of principles that govern a particular activity or proc…
What is a Law ?
A set of rules that are imposed by society upon its members t…
17 terms
Law and society
anarchy
chaos
Law
access
a state of disorder
confusion
A system of rules
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
anarchy
a state of disorder
chaos
confusion
15 terms
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Access
Pro bono
absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
for the public good
Anarchy
absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
Law in Society Unit 4
What is a crime?
How do Victims seek justice?
Vicarious Criminal Liability
Embezzlement
- A punishable offense against society... - when it occurs you c…
-prosecute in criminal court... -Sue the criminal in civil court…
- Substituted... - company employee is doing assigned work and t…
-taking another property or money when it has been entrusted…
What is a crime?
- A punishable offense against society... - when it occurs you c…
How do Victims seek justice?
-prosecute in criminal court... -Sue the criminal in civil court…
10 terms
Law and Society
The point of Plato's allegory about th…
By engaging in a plea bargain, the off…
The most desirable form of social cont…
In which case did the Supreme Court ru…
most of us would commit crimes if guaranteed we would never b…
a and b only.
direct/informal.
Schenck v. United States
The point of Plato's allegory about th…
most of us would commit crimes if guaranteed we would never b…
By engaging in a plea bargain, the off…
a and b only.
Law in Society
bicameral
bill
concurrent powers
delegated jurisdiction
two houses of parliament - at a federal level, the House of R…
A proposed law.
law-making powers that are shared by the Commonwealth Parliam…
laws made by subordinate authorities.
bicameral
two houses of parliament - at a federal level, the House of R…
bill
A proposed law.
9 terms
Law in Society
Legal Laws
Non-Legal Laws
Why do we need laws?
What are the characteristics of an eff…
made by parliament and are enforced by the courts
are made by private individuals/groups in society (parents or…
- to protect our society and keep it functioning... - guidelines…
- known to the public... - acceptable to the community... - able to…
Legal Laws
made by parliament and are enforced by the courts
Non-Legal Laws
are made by private individuals/groups in society (parents or…
23 terms
Law & Society Ch 7
Adversarial model
Consensus model
Crime control model
Discretion
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
an emphasis on the swift and certain disposition of criminal…
a decision-maker exercises choice
Adversarial model
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
Consensus model
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
74 terms
Law in Society - Unit 1
Ethics
The Golden Rule
4 Characteristics of an Ethical Person
5 Sources of Law in the US Today
means for determining what a society's values ought to be
Do unto others as you'd have them do unto you
honesty, justice, compassion, integrity
fed and state constitutions, English Common Law, Statutes, Co…
Ethics
means for determining what a society's values ought to be
The Golden Rule
Do unto others as you'd have them do unto you
13 terms
law and society
A Chinese defense lawyer can be charge…
The rules of evidence in Islamic law are
All of the documents below except ____…
The French version of the U.S. Supreme…
evidence fabrication
stricter for crimes for which the Qur'an prescribes a punishm…
Magna Carta
Cour de Cassation.
A Chinese defense lawyer can be charge…
evidence fabrication
The rules of evidence in Islamic law are
stricter for crimes for which the Qur'an prescribes a punishm…
10 terms
law and society
The __________ Amendment gave women th…
Of all regions of the country, the ___…
The Greek myth of Pandora is analogous…
The Supreme Court case that applied an…
Nineteenth
western
Eve.
Reed v. Reed.
The __________ Amendment gave women th…
Nineteenth
Of all regions of the country, the ___…
western
Law & Society
Civil law
Common law
Substantive law
Procedural law
Influenced by Roman law and collection of codes
Based on case law - relies on precedents set by judges for de…
...
...
Civil law
Influenced by Roman law and collection of codes
Common law
Based on case law - relies on precedents set by judges for de…
10 terms
Law and Society
Which of the following forms of author…
Legal thinkers who believe that social…
In which famous case did the Supreme C…
The chief justice in Brown v. Board of…
fiduciary
laws should be supportive of social change only to right some…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Earl Warren.
Which of the following forms of author…
fiduciary
Legal thinkers who believe that social…
laws should be supportive of social change only to right some…
10 terms
Law Society
Plea Bargain
Preponderance of Evidence
Beyond reasonable doubt
Jury trial verdicts
Offer by prosecution for lesser sentence and no trial
greater than 50% of evidence points to guilty
Pretty damn sure defense did it
must be unanimous verdict
Plea Bargain
Offer by prosecution for lesser sentence and no trial
Preponderance of Evidence
greater than 50% of evidence points to guilty
Law & Society
Law
3 sources
statues
common law
a law is a rule of conduct commanding what is right or prohib…
1. Statues... 2. common law... 3. constitutions
-a law made by a legislative body (rules of conduct)... -when a…
-the law as pronounced in court decisions... -the doctrine of st…
Law
a law is a rule of conduct commanding what is right or prohib…
3 sources
1. Statues... 2. common law... 3. constitutions
law and society
Homosexuality
The manufacture, sale, and use of alco…
In countries that have legalized prost…
The age of consent in most states toda…
was defined as a separate category in the nineteenth century.
Eighteenth Amendment.
prostitution has greatly increased.
sixteen, ten
Homosexuality
was defined as a separate category in the nineteenth century.
The manufacture, sale, and use of alco…
Eighteenth Amendment.
52 terms
law and society
feminism
feminist jurisprudence
patriarchy
'male'
is set of theories and strategies for social change that take…
is the practice of examining and evaluating the law from the…
rule of the father
traits such as competitiveness, aggressiveness, autonomy, and…
feminism
is set of theories and strategies for social change that take…
feminist jurisprudence
is the practice of examining and evaluating the law from the…
10 terms
law and society
Physical and cultural genocide was
Japanese Americans were placed into re…
Laws that allowed for the arrest of va…
The Indian Self-determination Act was…
never practiced against American Indians.
Korematsu v. United States.
Jim Crow.
Nixon; increasing Indian militancy
Physical and cultural genocide was
never practiced against American Indians.
Japanese Americans were placed into re…
Korematsu v. United States.
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