Study sets matching "law society chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "law society chapter 7"

14 terms
Law and Society Chapter 7
Coverture
Dangerous classes
Intermediate scrutiny standard
One-shotters
the common law concept that wives are their husbands property
a popular label applied to the poor during the 19th century
treating men and women different is not bad as long as the go…
parties who use the law only one time and never again
Coverture
the common law concept that wives are their husbands property
Dangerous classes
a popular label applied to the poor during the 19th century
Law in Society Chapter 7
Capacity
Ratify
Majority
Minor
One of the six elements of a contract, is the legal ability t…
After reaching the age of majority, a person can ______, or a…
A person who has reached the age of legal adulthood, known as…
A person who has not yet reached majority is considered this.
Capacity
One of the six elements of a contract, is the legal ability t…
Ratify
After reaching the age of majority, a person can ______, or a…
Law and Society Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Incarceration
Community Policing
Substance Abuse
Drunk Driving
Imprisonment by the state.
A strategy whereby the community works actively with the loca…
The harmful overuse of chemicals, such as drugs or alcohol.
The operation of a motor vehicle while intoxicated.
Incarceration
Imprisonment by the state.
Community Policing
A strategy whereby the community works actively with the loca…
28 terms
Law in Society Chapter 7
The Uniform Commercial Code
Good Faith
Firm Offer
Statute of Limitations
is a collection of laws that governs various types of busines…
is when parties to a sales contract must treat each other fai…
is a merchant's written promise to hold an offer open for the…
for sales contracts is four years. Individual parties can red…
The Uniform Commercial Code
is a collection of laws that governs various types of busines…
Good Faith
is when parties to a sales contract must treat each other fai…
Law and Society Chapter 7
crime control model
due process model
ineffective assistance of counsel
Gideon v. Wainwright
trust judges and law enforcement to make swift, correct decis…
judges and justices can take as long as possible to make the…
bad lawyering; lawyers are in over their head and can't prope…
established a person's right to counsel in all criminal cases
crime control model
trust judges and law enforcement to make swift, correct decis…
due process model
judges and justices can take as long as possible to make the…
29 terms
Law & Society - Chapter 7
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
Which of the following is an INCORRECT…
Trade secret protection lasts as long…
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
A. ​civil; state
C. Misappropriation of a trade secret cannot occur as a resul…
B. the owner keeps it secret
C. civil
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
A. ​civil; state
Which of the following is an INCORRECT…
C. Misappropriation of a trade secret cannot occur as a resul…
23 terms
Law & Society Ch 7
Adversarial model
Consensus model
Crime control model
Discretion
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
an emphasis on the swift and certain disposition of criminal…
a decision-maker exercises choice
Adversarial model
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
Consensus model
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
Law, Justice and Society Chapter 7
Plaintiff
Civil Law
What are the five categories that Civi…
Specific Performance
the party that initiates a lawsuit
The area of law common law regulating the conduct of private…
1.Torts... 2.Property... 3. contacts... 4.family... 5. juvenile
court order to do something; completion of an agreement as pr…
Plaintiff
the party that initiates a lawsuit
Civil Law
The area of law common law regulating the conduct of private…
25 terms
law and society final (chapter 7)
social change
law and social change reciprocal
social change in fast paced urban indu…
indirect aspect of law in social change
- the modifications in the way people work, rear a family, ed…
- law is determined by the sense of justice and the moral sen…
- that technology and computers are the biggest contributors…
- law plays an important __________ indirect role in social c…
social change
- the modifications in the way people work, rear a family, ed…
law and social change reciprocal
- law is determined by the sense of justice and the moral sen…
17 terms
Law and Society Chapter 7 Study Guide
What 3 selection decisions does a poli…
Civil service provisions
National Advisory Commission on Crimin…
What was the National Advisory Commiss…
entry, reassignment, and promotion
enacted in 1883 with the passage of the Pendleton Act, which…
endorsed a screening in process in 1973
"the policy of merely eliminating the least qualified results…
What 3 selection decisions does a poli…
entry, reassignment, and promotion
Civil service provisions
enacted in 1883 with the passage of the Pendleton Act, which…
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
Law and Society Chpt 7 FSU
Avoid litigation because:
Pros of settlement
Civil Litigation
Binding Arbitration
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
Jury decides case. Unlimited appeal. Right to full discovery.…
No jury. Limited appeal. No discovery, only subpoenas for wit…
Avoid litigation because:
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Pros of settlement
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
16 terms
Law & Society Chapter 33
Lessee
Lessor
Tenancy
Tenancy for years
the tenant
the landlord
a renter's right to hold interest in the property that is bei…
the right to occupy property for a definite or fixed period o…
Lessee
the tenant
Lessor
the landlord
16 terms
Chapter 1 Law in Society
false
false
true
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
The supreme court of the U.S is the final interpreter of the…
The world's two greatest systems of law are the English commo…
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
false
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
14 terms
Chapter 7 Sports in Society
Gender Ideology
Sex
Gender
Orthodox Gender Ideology
Interrelated ideas and beliefs widely used to define masculin…
...
...
Ideas and beliefs associated with this two-sex approach. (Gen…
Gender Ideology
Interrelated ideas and beliefs widely used to define masculin…
Sex
...
Law & Society Final (Chapters 7, 9)
Juris Prudentes
Inns of Court
Barristers
Solicitors
Those who were knowledgeable about law, and were consulted on…
Where judges and other parties with court-related business re…
(In England) trial lawyers
(In England) office lawyers
Juris Prudentes
Those who were knowledgeable about law, and were consulted on…
Inns of Court
Where judges and other parties with court-related business re…
15 terms
Aging and Society Chapter 7
Beanpole Family
Caregiving
Extended Family
Families Or Family Life
A family with more people in several different generations th…
The informal or unpaid care that family members, relatives, o…
Three or more generations who usually live together in the sa…
A composite of many forms and ways to have a family in... contem…
Beanpole Family
A family with more people in several different generations th…
Caregiving
The informal or unpaid care that family members, relatives, o…
Law & Society Chapter 4
Jurisprudence
Analytical jurisprudence
Moralistic jurisprudence
Mechanical jurisprudence
"Wise in the law" ... - Encompasses general forms of intellectua…
Jurisprudential analysis is scientific and objective
Jurisprudential work that specifically promotes policies and…
Suggests that judges are judicial scientists who, if they app…
Jurisprudence
"Wise in the law" ... - Encompasses general forms of intellectua…
Analytical jurisprudence
Jurisprudential analysis is scientific and objective
Law and Society ch 7/8
Aggravating Circumstances
mitigating circumstances
crime of passion
premeditation
factors that may increase the seriousness of a crime
factors that lessen the seriousness of a crime
act was an emotional reaction to a difficult situation
act was thought out prior to being committed
Aggravating Circumstances
factors that may increase the seriousness of a crime
mitigating circumstances
factors that lessen the seriousness of a crime
8 terms
The Mysterious Benedict Society- Chapter 7- Codes and Histories
gaped
privileges
morse code
inconsequential
stared with the mouth open, as in wonder or surprise
special powers, rights, or freedoms given to a specific perso…
letters of the alphabet that are represented by dots, dashes,…
unimportant
gaped
stared with the mouth open, as in wonder or surprise
privileges
special powers, rights, or freedoms given to a specific perso…
Law and Society Chpt 7 FSU
Avoid litigation because:
Pros of settlement
Civil Litigation
Binding Arbitration
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
Jury decides case. Unlimited appeal. Right to full discovery.…
No jury. Limited appeal. No discovery, only subpoenas for wit…
Avoid litigation because:
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Pros of settlement
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
Chapter 7 Society & Environment
Anthropogenic Radiative Forcing
Biogeochemical Cycle
Carbon Dioxide
Energy Efficiency
Changes in Earths heat balance caused by human activities.
Concept used to track flows of basic chemical constituents of…
The best known of greenhouse gasses in Earths atmosphere. Pro…
The ratio between the social value created by the use of an e…
Anthropogenic Radiative Forcing
Changes in Earths heat balance caused by human activities.
Biogeochemical Cycle
Concept used to track flows of basic chemical constituents of…
Law in Society Chapter 2
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate Court
Limited jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
U.S. courts of appeals
handle minor matters, such as misdemeanors and civil actions…
Jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Original jurisdiction
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
Business Law - Chapter 7
Contract
Tangible Personal Property
Offer
Offeror
Legally enforceable agreement
Personal property that can be moved
Proposal indicating a willingness to enter into a contract
Person making a proposal
Contract
Legally enforceable agreement
Tangible Personal Property
Personal property that can be moved
23 terms
Law & Society Chapter 3
Bill
Bill of Rights
Congress
Concurrent Resolution
A legislative proposal for enactment of a law. It is called a…
The first ten amendments to the federal Constitution. Adopted…
The bicameral legislature of the federal government of the Un…
An informal pronouncement by Congress that does not have an e…
Bill
A legislative proposal for enactment of a law. It is called a…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the federal Constitution. Adopted…
22 terms
Chapter 7: The Adult in Society
life structure
early adulthood
middle adulthood
late adulthood
combination of statuses, roles, activities, goals, values, be…
first era of adulthood, spanning ages 17 through 39
second era of adulthood, spanning the ages 40 through 59
third and last era of adulthood, spanning ages 65 and over
life structure
combination of statuses, roles, activities, goals, values, be…
early adulthood
first era of adulthood, spanning ages 17 through 39
Self and Society: Chapter 7
Attitude
Components of Attitude
Cognition (Belief)
Evaluation
A predisposition that responds to a particular object in a ge…
Beliefs or cognition, evaluation, behavioral predisposition
Knowledge structures association with the attitude object
has both direction (positive or negative) and intensity (weak…
Attitude
A predisposition that responds to a particular object in a ge…
Components of Attitude
Beliefs or cognition, evaluation, behavioral predisposition
42 terms
Law & Society Chapter 2
Administrative Agencies
Administrative Law
Articles of Confederation
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Created to handle serious social problems and crises that are…
The body of law that regulates the operation and procedures o…
The original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which…
The standard that must be met by the prosecution's evidence i…
Administrative Agencies
Created to handle serious social problems and crises that are…
Administrative Law
The body of law that regulates the operation and procedures o…
27 terms
media and society chapter 7
celluloid
kinetograph
kinetoscope
vitascope
a transparent and pliable film that can hold a coating of che…
an early movie camera developed by Thomas Edison's assistant…
an early film projection system that served as a kind peep sh…
a large-screen movie projection system developed by Thomas Ed…
celluloid
a transparent and pliable film that can hold a coating of che…
kinetograph
an early movie camera developed by Thomas Edison's assistant…
Drugs and Society Chapter 7
Depressants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Widely used depressants include
A class of drugs that decreases CNS activity, have a widespre…
Treat anxiety
Treat insomnia
Alcohol and Benzodiazepines
Depressants
A class of drugs that decreases CNS activity, have a widespre…
Sedatives
Treat anxiety
Family Law - Chapter 7
Absolute divorce
Adversary proceeding
Affiant
Affirmative defense
A declaration by a court that the marriage is terminated so t…
A proceeding in which both sides appear and argue their posit…
A person making an affidavit.
A defense raising facts or arguments that will defeat the opp…
Absolute divorce
A declaration by a court that the marriage is terminated so t…
Adversary proceeding
A proceeding in which both sides appear and argue their posit…
8 terms
Law - Chapter 7 terms
Crime
Incarceration
Community Policing
Substance Abuse
Something a person does or fails to do to that is in violatio…
Imprisonment or time in jail
Builds connections between the community and police to lower…
Harmful overuse of a chemical, including drugs and alcohol.
Crime
Something a person does or fails to do to that is in violatio…
Incarceration
Imprisonment or time in jail
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
14 terms
Chapter 5 law in society
answer
assault
compensatory damages
complaint
a legal document filed with the court in which the defendant…
intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another.
amount of money awarded to place an injured party in the posi…
legal document filed with the court to initiate a civil case…
answer
a legal document filed with the court in which the defendant…
assault
intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another.
37 terms
Law and society chapter 2
Primitive legal system
Transitional legal system
modern legal system
Baron de Montisquieu
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
more distinguished transitional elements, proliferation of ad…
separation of powers (legislation, executive, judicial), infl…
Primitive legal system
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
Transitional legal system
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
28 terms
law and society chapter 1
what is law
Max Weber's 3 features of law
Donald Black's 4 styles of social cont…
Donald Black's accusatory style
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
penal (labor, jail prison), compensatory (compensation for vi…
where there is a complainant and a defendant... a definite wi…
what is law
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
Max Weber's 3 features of law
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Law in Society
civil rights
amendment 1
amendment 8
amendment 2
personal and natural rights guaranteed to U.S civilians
guarantees freedom of speech
prevents imposing of excessive bail or fines
right to bear arms
civil rights
personal and natural rights guaranteed to U.S civilians
amendment 1
guarantees freedom of speech
15 terms
Drugs and Society- Chapter 7
Fermentation
Mead
Distillation
Ethylene Glycol
biochemical process through which yeast converts sugar to alc…
fermented honey often made into an alcoholic beverage
heating fermented mixtures of cereal grains or fruits in a st…
alcohol used as antifreeze
Fermentation
biochemical process through which yeast converts sugar to alc…
Mead
fermented honey often made into an alcoholic beverage
Law and Society Chapter 16- Agency
agency
fiduciary
independent contractor
ratification
a relationship between two parties in which one party (the ag…
n.- person having a duty created by his or her undertaking to…
one who works for and receives payment from an employer but w…
act of accepting and giving legal force to an obligation that…
agency
a relationship between two parties in which one party (the ag…
fiduciary
n.- person having a duty created by his or her undertaking to…
Law and Society Chapter 5
Guilty State of Mind
Motive
Strict liability
Principal*
The prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or will…
The reason for preforming the act
Crimes that don't require a guilty state of mind. An example…
The person who commits the crime. ... The person who shot anothe…
Guilty State of Mind
The prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or will…
Motive
The reason for preforming the act
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Law and Society Chapter 2
3 phases of evolution for legal systems
natural law
John Austin
Donald J. Black
1. pre-modern ... 2. transitional ... 3. modern
set of universal principles applicable to all societies in al…
said law is a set by sovereign without concern for goodness o…
expanded on Austin; governmental social control; where to fin…
3 phases of evolution for legal systems
1. pre-modern ... 2. transitional ... 3. modern
natural law
set of universal principles applicable to all societies in al…
9 terms
Chapter 7: Diversity in Society + Schools
Multicultural Education
Race
Ethnic Groups
Gender
An educational strategy that values diversity, promotes socia…
Classification of people by their skin color, other phenotype…
Groups based on the national origin or ancestors in which mem…
The behavioral, cultural, and psychological traits typically…
Multicultural Education
An educational strategy that values diversity, promotes socia…
Race
Classification of people by their skin color, other phenotype…
20 terms
Law in Society Chapter 6
Tort
Intentional Torts
Assault
Battery
Is a private or civil wrong
Torts for which the defendant intended either the injury or t…
Occurs when one person intentionally threatens to physically…
Intentional breach of duty
Tort
Is a private or civil wrong
Intentional Torts
Torts for which the defendant intended either the injury or t…
29 terms
Chapter 5| Law In Society
Answer
Assault
Battery
Compensatory Damages
A legal document field with the court in which the defendant…
Intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another.
Harmful or offensive touching.
Amount of money awarded to place an injured party in the posi…
Answer
A legal document field with the court in which the defendant…
Assault
Intentional threat to physically or offensively injure another.
15 terms
Law and Society Chapter 8
Case study method
Cause lawyering
Cause lawyers
Corporate Attorneys
Law students learned law by listening to lectures and by read…
the practice of law for a reason or to achieve a social chang…
lawyers who practice cause lawyering
Attorney who work directly for corporations or in large law f…
Case study method
Law students learned law by listening to lectures and by read…
Cause lawyering
the practice of law for a reason or to achieve a social chang…
18 terms
Chapter 6| Law in Society
Acceptance
Bilateral Contract
Consideration
Contracts
In contracts, occurs when a party to whom an offer has been m…
Offeree can accept offer by giving a promise to the offeror i…
What a person demands and generally must receive in order to…
Agreement between two parties that creates an obligation.
Acceptance
In contracts, occurs when a party to whom an offer has been m…
Bilateral Contract
Offeree can accept offer by giving a promise to the offeror i…
Business and Society Chapter 7
Unethical behavior is often caused by…
A statement such as "integrity is impo…
. Generally, people take a single "eth…
Workers expect to be rewarded for beha…
True
False
False
False
Unethical behavior is often caused by…
True
A statement such as "integrity is impo…
False
20 terms
Law in Society Chapter 6
Tort
Intentional Torts
Assault
Battery
Is a private or civil wrong
Torts for which the defendant intended either the injury or t…
Occurs when one person intentionally threatens to physically…
Intentional breach of duty
Tort
Is a private or civil wrong
Intentional Torts
Torts for which the defendant intended either the injury or t…
27 terms
Chapter five law and society
Crime
Criminal act
Embezzlement
Vicarious criminal liability
Punishable offense agianst society
Specific conduct that violates a criminal statute
Taking of another's property
Substituted criminal liability
Crime
Punishable offense agianst society
Criminal act
Specific conduct that violates a criminal statute
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