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Study sets matching "law society chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "law society chapter 7"

14 terms
Law and Society Chapter 7
Coverture
Dangerous classes
Intermediate scrutiny standard
One-shotters
the common law concept that wives are their husbands property
a popular label applied to the poor during the 19th century
treating men and women different is not bad as long as the go…
parties who use the law only one time and never again
Coverture
the common law concept that wives are their husbands property
Dangerous classes
a popular label applied to the poor during the 19th century
29 terms
Law & Society - Chapter 7
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
Which of the following is an INCORRECT…
Trade secret protection lasts as long…
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
A. ​civil; state
C. Misappropriation of a trade secret cannot occur as a resul…
B. the owner keeps it secret
C. civil
The owner of a trade secret can bring…
A. ​civil; state
Which of the following is an INCORRECT…
C. Misappropriation of a trade secret cannot occur as a resul…
28 terms
Law in Society Chapter 7
The Uniform Commercial Code
Good Faith
Firm Offer
Statute of Limitations
is a collection of laws that governs various types of busines…
is when parties to a sales contract must treat each other fai…
is a merchant's written promise to hold an offer open for the…
for sales contracts is four years. Individual parties can red…
The Uniform Commercial Code
is a collection of laws that governs various types of busines…
Good Faith
is when parties to a sales contract must treat each other fai…
22 terms
Law and Society Chapter 7
crime control model
due process model
ineffective assistance of counsel
Gideon v. Wainwright
trust judges and law enforcement to make swift, correct decis…
judges and justices can take as long as possible to make the…
bad lawyering; lawyers are in over their head and can't prope…
established a person's right to counsel in all criminal cases
crime control model
trust judges and law enforcement to make swift, correct decis…
due process model
judges and justices can take as long as possible to make the…
56 terms
Law, Justice and Society Chapter 7
Plaintiff
Civil Law
What are the five categories that Civi…
Specific Performance
the party that initiates a lawsuit
The area of law common law regulating the conduct of private…
1.Torts... 2.Property... 3. contacts... 4.family... 5. juvenile
court order to do something; completion of an agreement as pr…
Plaintiff
the party that initiates a lawsuit
Civil Law
The area of law common law regulating the conduct of private…
23 terms
Law & Society Ch 7
Adversarial model
Consensus model
Crime control model
Discretion
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
an emphasis on the swift and certain disposition of criminal…
a decision-maker exercises choice
Adversarial model
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
Consensus model
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
25 terms
law and society final (chapter 7)
social change
law and social change reciprocal
social change in fast paced urban indu…
indirect aspect of law in social change
- the modifications in the way people work, rear a family, ed…
- law is determined by the sense of justice and the moral sen…
- that technology and computers are the biggest contributors…
- law plays an important __________ indirect role in social c…
social change
- the modifications in the way people work, rear a family, ed…
law and social change reciprocal
- law is determined by the sense of justice and the moral sen…
17 terms
Law and Society Chapter 7 Study Guide
What 3 selection decisions does a poli…
Civil service provisions
National Advisory Commission on Crimin…
What was the National Advisory Commiss…
entry, reassignment, and promotion
enacted in 1883 with the passage of the Pendleton Act, which…
endorsed a screening in process in 1973
"the policy of merely eliminating the least qualified results…
What 3 selection decisions does a poli…
entry, reassignment, and promotion
Civil service provisions
enacted in 1883 with the passage of the Pendleton Act, which…
8 terms
The Mysterious Benedict Society- Chapter 7- Codes and Histories
gaped
privileges
morse code
inconsequential
stared with the mouth open, as in wonder or surprise
special powers, rights, or freedoms given to a specific perso…
letters of the alphabet that are represented by dots, dashes,…
unimportant
gaped
stared with the mouth open, as in wonder or surprise
privileges
special powers, rights, or freedoms given to a specific perso…
15 terms
Aging and Society Chapter 7
Beanpole Family
Caregiving
Extended Family
Families Or Family Life
A family with more people in several different generations th…
The informal or unpaid care that family members, relatives, o…
Three or more generations who usually live together in the sa…
A composite of many forms and ways to have a family in... contem…
Beanpole Family
A family with more people in several different generations th…
Caregiving
The informal or unpaid care that family members, relatives, o…
14 terms
Chapter 7 Sports in Society
Gender Ideology
Sex
Gender
Orthodox Gender Ideology
Interrelated ideas and beliefs widely used to define masculin…
...
...
Ideas and beliefs associated with this two-sex approach. (Gen…
Gender Ideology
Interrelated ideas and beliefs widely used to define masculin…
Sex
...
8 terms
Law and Society Chpt 7 FSU
Avoid litigation because:
Pros of settlement
Civil Litigation
Binding Arbitration
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
Jury decides case. Unlimited appeal. Right to full discovery.…
No jury. Limited appeal. No discovery, only subpoenas for wit…
Avoid litigation because:
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Pros of settlement
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
29 terms
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
16 terms
Law & Society Chapter 33
Lessee
Lessor
Tenancy
Tenancy for years
the tenant
the landlord
a renter's right to hold interest in the property that is bei…
the right to occupy property for a definite or fixed period o…
Lessee
the tenant
Lessor
the landlord
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
24 terms
Business Law - Chapter 7
Contract
Tangible Personal Property
Offer
Offeror
Legally enforceable agreement
Personal property that can be moved
Proposal indicating a willingness to enter into a contract
Person making a proposal
Contract
Legally enforceable agreement
Tangible Personal Property
Personal property that can be moved
22 terms
Chapter 7: The Adult in Society
life structure
early adulthood
middle adulthood
late adulthood
combination of statuses, roles, activities, goals, values, be…
first era of adulthood, spanning ages 17 through 39
second era of adulthood, spanning the ages 40 through 59
third and last era of adulthood, spanning ages 65 and over
life structure
combination of statuses, roles, activities, goals, values, be…
early adulthood
first era of adulthood, spanning ages 17 through 39
8 terms
Law - Chapter 7 terms
Crime
Incarceration
Community Policing
Substance Abuse
Something a person does or fails to do to that is in violatio…
Imprisonment or time in jail
Builds connections between the community and police to lower…
Harmful overuse of a chemical, including drugs and alcohol.
Crime
Something a person does or fails to do to that is in violatio…
Incarceration
Imprisonment or time in jail
27 terms
Chapter 7 (Media and Society)
angle
aspect ratio
blacklisted
blockbuster
The relative height or direction from which a subject is phot…
The ratio of width to height of a film image.
Put on a list privately exchanged among employers containing…
A film, show, novel, and so on, that proves to be an outstand…
angle
The relative height or direction from which a subject is phot…
aspect ratio
The ratio of width to height of a film image.
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
37 terms
Law and society chapter 2
Primitive legal system
Transitional legal system
modern legal system
Baron de Montisquieu
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
more distinguished transitional elements, proliferation of ad…
separation of powers (legislation, executive, judicial), infl…
Primitive legal system
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
Transitional legal system
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
23 terms
Police and Society Chapter 7 Notes
Screening in
Recruitment
Recruitment Methods
Commonly used Police Programs for recr…
IDs only the best qualified candidates for the applicant pool
initial step in selecting qualified candidates
1.) Newspaper Ads... 2.) Career Fairs... 3.) the Internet
1.) College Internships... 2.)explorer programs... 3.) school resou…
Screening in
IDs only the best qualified candidates for the applicant pool
Recruitment
initial step in selecting qualified candidates
148 terms
Family Law - Chapter 7
Absolute divorce
Adversary proceeding
Affiant
Affirmative defense
A declaration by a court that the marriage is terminated so t…
A proceeding in which both sides appear and argue their posit…
A person making an affidavit.
A defense raising facts or arguments that will defeat the opp…
Absolute divorce
A declaration by a court that the marriage is terminated so t…
Adversary proceeding
A proceeding in which both sides appear and argue their posit…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Society & Environment
Anthropogenic Radiative Forcing
Biogeochemical Cycle
Carbon Dioxide
Energy Efficiency
Changes in Earths heat balance caused by human activities.
Concept used to track flows of basic chemical constituents of…
The best known of greenhouse gasses in Earths atmosphere. Pro…
The ratio between the social value created by the use of an e…
Anthropogenic Radiative Forcing
Changes in Earths heat balance caused by human activities.
Biogeochemical Cycle
Concept used to track flows of basic chemical constituents of…
Drugs and Society Chapter 7
Depressants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Widely used depressants include
A class of drugs that decreases CNS activity, have a widespre…
Treat anxiety
Treat insomnia
Alcohol and Benzodiazepines
Depressants
A class of drugs that decreases CNS activity, have a widespre…
Sedatives
Treat anxiety
28 terms
law and society chapter 1
what is law
Max Weber's 3 features of law
Donald Black's 4 styles of social cont…
Donald Black's accusatory style
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
penal (labor, jail prison), compensatory (compensation for vi…
where there is a complainant and a defendant... a definite wi…
what is law
a form of social control with explicit sanctions for noncompl…
Max Weber's 3 features of law
external pressure to comply, pressure is coercive, individual…
62 terms
Society: The Basics - Chapter 7
Deviance
Crime
Social Control
Criminal Justice System
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavio…
The organizations - police, courts, and prison officials - th…
Deviance
The recognized violation of cultural norms.
Crime
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law.
9 terms
Chapter 7: Diversity in Society + Schools
Multicultural Education
Race
Ethnic Groups
Gender
An educational strategy that values diversity, promotes socia…
Classification of people by their skin color, other phenotype…
Groups based on the national origin or ancestors in which mem…
The behavioral, cultural, and psychological traits typically…
Multicultural Education
An educational strategy that values diversity, promotes socia…
Race
Classification of people by their skin color, other phenotype…
29 terms
Law & Society Final (Chapters 7, 9)
Juris Prudentes
Inns of Court
Barristers
Solicitors
Those who were knowledgeable about law, and were consulted on…
Where judges and other parties with court-related business re…
(In England) trial lawyers
(In England) office lawyers
Juris Prudentes
Those who were knowledgeable about law, and were consulted on…
Inns of Court
Where judges and other parties with court-related business re…
15 terms
Drugs and Society- Chapter 7
Fermentation
Mead
Distillation
Ethylene Glycol
biochemical process through which yeast converts sugar to alc…
fermented honey often made into an alcoholic beverage
heating fermented mixtures of cereal grains or fruits in a st…
alcohol used as antifreeze
Fermentation
biochemical process through which yeast converts sugar to alc…
Mead
fermented honey often made into an alcoholic beverage
36 terms
Self and Society: Chapter 7
Attitude
Components of Attitude
Cognition (Belief)
Evaluation
A predisposition that responds to a particular object in a ge…
Beliefs or cognition, evaluation, behavioral predisposition
Knowledge structures association with the attitude object
has both direction (positive or negative) and intensity (weak…
Attitude
A predisposition that responds to a particular object in a ge…
Components of Attitude
Beliefs or cognition, evaluation, behavioral predisposition
27 terms
media and society chapter 7
celluloid
kinetograph
kinetoscope
vitascope
a transparent and pliable film that can hold a coating of che…
an early movie camera developed by Thomas Edison's assistant…
an early film projection system that served as a kind peep sh…
a large-screen movie projection system developed by Thomas Ed…
celluloid
a transparent and pliable film that can hold a coating of che…
kinetograph
an early movie camera developed by Thomas Edison's assistant…
Law and Society Chpt 7 FSU
Avoid litigation because:
Pros of settlement
Civil Litigation
Binding Arbitration
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
Jury decides case. Unlimited appeal. Right to full discovery.…
No jury. Limited appeal. No discovery, only subpoenas for wit…
Avoid litigation because:
expensive, time consuming, risky w jury, emotionally distress…
Pros of settlement
Higher award given, saves time and money, more likely to "win…
30 terms
Law in Society Chapter 2
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate Court
Limited jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
U.S. courts of appeals
handle minor matters, such as misdemeanors and civil actions…
Jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Original jurisdiction
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
16 terms
Chapter 1 Law in Society
false
false
true
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
The supreme court of the U.S is the final interpreter of the…
The world's two greatest systems of law are the English commo…
false
The laws, or enforceable rules of conduct in a society, do no…
false
laws in this country are created at only the federal and stat…
14 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
valid
genuine assent
voidable
recission
legally binding and enforceable
true and complete agreement
injured party can cancel or avoid the contractual obligation
get back whatever has already been put into the contract
valid
legally binding and enforceable
genuine assent
true and complete agreement
40 terms
Media & Society Chapter 7
mash up
edison
emile berliner
hi fi
creates new music by combining samples from multiple musical…
invented phonograph, records sound on foil cylinders
develops gramophone, plays music on mass-produced discs
combination of technologies to create better music reproduction
mash up
creates new music by combining samples from multiple musical…
edison
invented phonograph, records sound on foil cylinders
26 terms
Business and Society Chapter 7
Unethical behavior is often caused by…
A statement such as "integrity is impo…
. Generally, people take a single "eth…
Workers expect to be rewarded for beha…
True
False
False
False
Unethical behavior is often caused by…
True
A statement such as "integrity is impo…
False
40 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
The elements of a negligence claim are:
negligence law states:
This standard for assessing conduct:
courts today broadly define the group…
(1) that the defendant owed a duty of care to the plaintiff;…
that each person must act as a reasonable person of ordinary…
is often called either the "reasonable person" test or the "r…
"victims"
The elements of a negligence claim are:
(1) that the defendant owed a duty of care to the plaintiff;…
negligence law states:
that each person must act as a reasonable person of ordinary…
10 terms
Chapter 7: Earthquakes and Society
Seismic Gap
Mass Damper
Earthquake Hazard
Flexible Pipe
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have o…
A weight placed in the roof of a building to counteract build…
The measurement of how likely an area is to have damaging ear…
Structure that helps prevent waterlines and gas lines from br…
Seismic Gap
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have o…
Mass Damper
A weight placed in the roof of a building to counteract build…
8 terms
Business Society Chapter 7
Ethics
Morality
Business Ethics
descriptive ethics
is the discipline that deals with moral duty and obligation.
is a doctrine or system or moral conduct.
concerned with morality and fairness in behavior, actions, po…
concerned with describing, characterizing, and studying the m…
Ethics
is the discipline that deals with moral duty and obligation.
Morality
is a doctrine or system or moral conduct.
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 7
Felony
Misdemeanor
Burden of Proof
What is the burden of proof in a crimi…
an offense punishable by a year or more in jail (two years in…
an offense punishable by less than a year in jail (two years…
a standard that a party must meet to prevail in the case.
Beyond a reasonable doubt.
Felony
an offense punishable by a year or more in jail (two years in…
Misdemeanor
an offense punishable by less than a year in jail (two years…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Language of Society
Idiolect
Dialect
Regional Dialects
Social Dialects
Every person has a unique way of speaking
A variety of a language whose grammar differs in systematic w…
A dialect spoken in a specific geographic area that may arise…
A dialect spoken by members of a group delineated by socioeco…
Idiolect
Every person has a unique way of speaking
Dialect
A variety of a language whose grammar differs in systematic w…
43 terms
Chapter 7- Business and Society
Use of Teams in organizations
To avoid negative outcomes
Group
Team
Increased productivity and profit... achieve more... basic unit of…
Will use of teams diffuse organizational capabilities... How muc…
Collection of individuals who interact to share information w…
Interdependent individuals with complementary skills- committ…
Use of Teams in organizations
Increased productivity and profit... achieve more... basic unit of…
To avoid negative outcomes
Will use of teams diffuse organizational capabilities... How muc…
10 terms
society the basics chapter 7
deviance
crime
social control
criminal justice system
the recognized violation of cultural norms
the violation of a societys formally enacted criminal law
attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
the organizations-police, courts, and prison officials-that r…
deviance
the recognized violation of cultural norms
crime
the violation of a societys formally enacted criminal law
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 7 vocab
Crime
Felony
Misdemeanor
Search warrant
A wrong against society proclaimed in a statute and punishabl…
A crime that carries the most severe sanctions, usually rangi…
A lesser crime than a felony, usually punishable by a fine or…
An order from a judge or other public official that authorize…
Crime
A wrong against society proclaimed in a statute and punishabl…
Felony
A crime that carries the most severe sanctions, usually rangi…
53 terms
Health and Society Chapter 7
What is primary health care?
What is outpatient care?
Does primary care mean the same thing…
Did outpatient facilities exist before…
-community health... -medical services... -health promotion and pre…
-"Ambulatory" used interchangeably with "outpatient"... -Refers…
Yes
Yes, hospitality in the 18th century were very limited in num…
What is primary health care?
-community health... -medical services... -health promotion and pre…
What is outpatient care?
-"Ambulatory" used interchangeably with "outpatient"... -Refers…
28 terms
Socialization and society chapter 7
Sociological social psychology
Socialization
Social process theory
Parental efficacy
The study of human interactions and relationships, emphasizin…
The interactions people have with various organizations, inst…
The view that criminality is a function of people's interacti…
Parenting that is supportive, effective and noncoercive.
Sociological social psychology
The study of human interactions and relationships, emphasizin…
Socialization
The interactions people have with various organizations, inst…
12 terms
Chapter 7- Society and the Sacred
natural religious communities
voluntary religious communities
founded religion
charisma
religion is interwoven into many if not all aspects of society
religion as its own separate entity, rather than interwoven i…
religion founded as a breakoff of an original religion, led b…
a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of w…
natural religious communities
religion is interwoven into many if not all aspects of society
voluntary religious communities
religion as its own separate entity, rather than interwoven i…
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