Study sets matching "law society"

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Study sets matching "law society"

35 terms
Law and Society
adversarial system
adversary
anarchy
bail
a legal system involving two opposing parties who present the…
an enemy; a challenger; a competitor
the breakdown of a society due to disorder as citizens ignore…
an accused person is released into the community while they a…
adversarial system
a legal system involving two opposing parties who present the…
adversary
an enemy; a challenger; a competitor
26 terms
Law and Society
adversarial system
anarchy
appeal
bail
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
an application for a legal decision to be reviewed in a highe…
to release an accused person who is awaiting trial
adversarial system
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
anarchy
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
46 terms
Law & Society
What are the bases of social class?
Repeat player characteristics
One-Shotters characteristics
Repeat player examples
Income... Education... Occupation... Cultural preferences... Misconceptio…
Large companies... Smaller stakes in each case... Significant resou…
Small... High stakes... Low resources
Insurance company... Consumer product corporation
What are the bases of social class?
Income... Education... Occupation... Cultural preferences... Misconceptio…
Repeat player characteristics
Large companies... Smaller stakes in each case... Significant resou…
Law & Society
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
loose form of the charter for the common government adopted b…
...
first then amendments of the Bill of Rights
Declaration of Independence
Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original coloni…
Articles of Confederation
loose form of the charter for the common government adopted b…
20 terms
Law and Society
Laws
Code
Common Law
Positive Law
Enforced rules of conduct in a society
Laws grouped into an organized form
Law based on the current standards or customs of the people
Law dictated from above
Laws
Enforced rules of conduct in a society
Code
Laws grouped into an organized form
law and society
administrative agency
business law
case law
civil law
governmental party formed to carry out particular laws
group of laws that cover business situations and actions
made when an appellate court endorses a rule to be used in de…
groups of laws used to provide remedy for wrongs against indi…
administrative agency
governmental party formed to carry out particular laws
business law
group of laws that cover business situations and actions
Law and Society
certiorari
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Georgia is in which congressional circ…
Legal positivism
a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
(literally to "produce the body") is a court order to a perso…
11th
Theory of law that explains late by examining it's cultural c…
certiorari
a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
(literally to "produce the body") is a court order to a perso…
law and society
'black letter' law
trial by ordeal
animal trials
hyperlexis
spells out what defines a law and educates people on the subg…
to determine guilty/not guilty, people were subjected to 'ord…
16th/17th century, animals were being charged/convicted
too much law, harmful to the economy
'black letter' law
spells out what defines a law and educates people on the subg…
trial by ordeal
to determine guilty/not guilty, people were subjected to 'ord…
Law & Society Chapter 3
Intuitionist conception of justice
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
Contractual conception of justice
Egalitarian conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
- Rawls; the equation of justice with fairness ... - By agreemen…
- Marx advanced this conception... - Justice with equality ... - So…
Intuitionist conception of justice
- German philosopher Kant, developed the view that people kno…
Utilitarian conception of justice (pra…
- Bentham; view determines what is good/just by calculous ... -…
14 terms
Law and Society
Social Structure
Ex: of Social Structure
Power
Setting the agenda
Patterns of interaction and systematic relationships across s…
Classrooms... Language... Class, Race, Gender (Opening a car door)…
Ability to impose your will over others, even over the coarse…
Gambling, Brown V. Board
Social Structure
Patterns of interaction and systematic relationships across s…
Ex: of Social Structure
Classrooms... Language... Class, Race, Gender (Opening a car door)…
23 terms
Law & Society Ch 7
Adversarial model
Consensus model
Crime control model
Discretion
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
an emphasis on the swift and certain disposition of criminal…
a decision-maker exercises choice
Adversarial model
two opposing lawyers zealously represent his or her client in…
Consensus model
when defense attorneys and prosecutors cooperate in the dispo…
Law & Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place.
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
41 terms
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
The means or opportunity to approach or enter a place
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
a lack of government and law; confusion
great disorder or confusion
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
equal opportunities for all people to make use of the legal s…
Anarchy
a lack of government and law; confusion
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
71 terms
Law & Society
access
accused
adult
adversarial system
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
to be charged with an alleged criminal offence
a person 18 years or over
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
access
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
accused
to be charged with an alleged criminal offence
18 terms
Law and society
judge
law
border
nationality
sędzia
prawo
granica
narodowość
judge
sędzia
law
prawo
23 terms
Law & Society CH2
Categorial imperative
Classical sociological theory
Critical legal studies
Émile Durkheim
Identified with 18th century theorist Immanuel Kant, stating…
the early theorists, the most prominent of which are Emile Du…
contemporary legal theory that views law as political.
French classical sociologist who theorized that law reflects…
Categorial imperative
Identified with 18th century theorist Immanuel Kant, stating…
Classical sociological theory
the early theorists, the most prominent of which are Emile Du…
17 terms
Law in Society
Legal rules
Non-legal rules
Characteristics of an effective law
Main aim of criminal law
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Know to the public... Acceptable... Enforceable... Stable... Changeable
to apprehend, prosecute and punish people who have broken the…
Legal rules
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
Non-legal rules
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
21 terms
Law & Society CH1
Black letter law
Common law
Conflict perspective
Consensus perspective
legal rules, established by different states or by the federa…
the judge-made law (originating in England).
conflict is a central aspect of society.
society shares common values and is relatively stable.
Black letter law
legal rules, established by different states or by the federa…
Common law
the judge-made law (originating in England).
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
(n) absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
Anarchy
(n) absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
38 terms
Law & Society
Laws
Court
Common law
Magistrate
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
A place where people can resolve disputes relating to law
A system of law based on precedent and customs
A public official authorised to decide disputes bought before…
Laws
Enforceable rules of conduct in a society
Court
A place where people can resolve disputes relating to law
35 terms
Law and society Unit One
The action has a bad consequence
The act itself ... -Preforming an act u s…
Intentional ... -Guilty state of mind
The act must directly cause the harm... -…
Harm
Actus Reas
Mens Rea
Concurrence
The action has a bad consequence
Harm
The act itself ... -Preforming an act u s…
Actus Reas
Law and society
Anarchy
Law
Chaos
Judge
a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of auth…
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
complete disorder and confusion
a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court.
Anarchy
a state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of auth…
Law
the system of rules which a particular country or community r…
17 terms
Law and society
anarchy
chaos
Law
access
a state of disorder
confusion
A system of rules
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
anarchy
a state of disorder
chaos
confusion
82 terms
Law and Society
What is a rule ?
What is a Law ?
Where do laws come from ?
What does kinship mean ?
A set of principles that govern a particular activity or proc…
A set of rules that are imposed by society upon its members t…
Aboriginal society and the British that came to Australia.
Traditional indigenous rules that outline the correct way of…
What is a rule ?
A set of principles that govern a particular activity or proc…
What is a Law ?
A set of rules that are imposed by society upon its members t…
Law and Society: test one
Defining law:
Historical meanings of law:
Law may be referring to:
"The rule of law"
No consensus; more and less useful definitions (all about the…
- Will of God (religious views) ... - Pure reason (reelection of…
- Social institution... - System ... - Elements of system: ... - Code…
Decisions are made and disputes are resolved in accord with w…
Defining law:
No consensus; more and less useful definitions (all about the…
Historical meanings of law:
- Will of God (religious views) ... - Pure reason (reelection of…
15 terms
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Access
Pro bono
absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
for the public good
Anarchy
absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
17 terms
Law in Society
Legal rules
Non-legal rules
Characteristics of an effective law
Main aim of criminal law
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Know to the public... Acceptable... Enforceable... Stable... Changeable
to apprehend, prosecute and punish people who have broken the…
Legal rules
laws created by institutions within the legal system and enfo…
Non-legal rules
apply to select groups in the community. For example, the rul…
Law & Society
Civil law
Common law
Substantive law
Procedural law
Influenced by Roman law and collection of codes
Based on case law - relies on precedents set by judges for de…
...
...
Civil law
Influenced by Roman law and collection of codes
Common law
Based on case law - relies on precedents set by judges for de…
10 terms
Law and Society
The point of Plato's allegory about th…
By engaging in a plea bargain, the off…
The most desirable form of social cont…
In which case did the Supreme Court ru…
most of us would commit crimes if guaranteed we would never b…
a and b only.
direct/informal.
Schenck v. United States
The point of Plato's allegory about th…
most of us would commit crimes if guaranteed we would never b…
By engaging in a plea bargain, the off…
a and b only.
53 terms
Law and Society Final
Terry v. Ohio USSC Facts
Terry v. Ohio USSC Trial Ruling
Terry v. Ohio USSC Appellate Rulings
Terry v. Ohio USSC Relevant Amendment(s)
-Officer was on regular patrol when he noticed Terry with ano…
Defendant (Terry) Guilty
-District Court Of Appeals-Affrimed (Guilty)... -Ohio Supreme C…
4th Amendment right against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
Terry v. Ohio USSC Facts
-Officer was on regular patrol when he noticed Terry with ano…
Terry v. Ohio USSC Trial Ruling
Defendant (Terry) Guilty
13 terms
law and society
A Chinese defense lawyer can be charge…
The rules of evidence in Islamic law are
All of the documents below except ____…
The French version of the U.S. Supreme…
evidence fabrication
stricter for crimes for which the Qur'an prescribes a punishm…
Magna Carta
Cour de Cassation.
A Chinese defense lawyer can be charge…
evidence fabrication
The rules of evidence in Islamic law are
stricter for crimes for which the Qur'an prescribes a punishm…
10 terms
Law Society
Plea Bargain
Preponderance of Evidence
Beyond reasonable doubt
Jury trial verdicts
Offer by prosecution for lesser sentence and no trial
greater than 50% of evidence points to guilty
Pretty damn sure defense did it
must be unanimous verdict
Plea Bargain
Offer by prosecution for lesser sentence and no trial
Preponderance of Evidence
greater than 50% of evidence points to guilty
Law & Society
Law
3 sources
statues
common law
a law is a rule of conduct commanding what is right or prohib…
1. Statues... 2. common law... 3. constitutions
-a law made by a legislative body (rules of conduct)... -when a…
-the law as pronounced in court decisions... -the doctrine of st…
Law
a law is a rule of conduct commanding what is right or prohib…
3 sources
1. Statues... 2. common law... 3. constitutions
10 terms
law and society
The __________ Amendment gave women th…
Of all regions of the country, the ___…
The Greek myth of Pandora is analogous…
The Supreme Court case that applied an…
Nineteenth
western
Eve.
Reed v. Reed.
The __________ Amendment gave women th…
Nineteenth
Of all regions of the country, the ___…
western
Law & Society
What is law?
Another way to look at law is to look…
Process of laws- (due process, the rul…
Review your notes on King's "Letter Fr…
Legal positivism- law is what the sovereign says it is, the w…
Keep order/ social maintenance (maintaining social relationsh…
Laws are known... Uniformity of action (non bias)... like cases sho…
Laws must be just. Laws must refelct morality. Law is a man m…
What is law?
Legal positivism- law is what the sovereign says it is, the w…
Another way to look at law is to look…
Keep order/ social maintenance (maintaining social relationsh…
10 terms
Law and Society
Which of the following forms of author…
Legal thinkers who believe that social…
In which famous case did the Supreme C…
The chief justice in Brown v. Board of…
fiduciary
laws should be supportive of social change only to right some…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Earl Warren.
Which of the following forms of author…
fiduciary
Legal thinkers who believe that social…
laws should be supportive of social change only to right some…
law and society
Homosexuality
The manufacture, sale, and use of alco…
In countries that have legalized prost…
The age of consent in most states toda…
was defined as a separate category in the nineteenth century.
Eighteenth Amendment.
prostitution has greatly increased.
sixteen, ten
Homosexuality
was defined as a separate category in the nineteenth century.
The manufacture, sale, and use of alco…
Eighteenth Amendment.
52 terms
law and society
feminism
feminist jurisprudence
patriarchy
'male'
is set of theories and strategies for social change that take…
is the practice of examining and evaluating the law from the…
rule of the father
traits such as competitiveness, aggressiveness, autonomy, and…
feminism
is set of theories and strategies for social change that take…
feminist jurisprudence
is the practice of examining and evaluating the law from the…
10 terms
law and society
Physical and cultural genocide was
Japanese Americans were placed into re…
Laws that allowed for the arrest of va…
The Indian Self-determination Act was…
never practiced against American Indians.
Korematsu v. United States.
Jim Crow.
Nixon; increasing Indian militancy
Physical and cultural genocide was
never practiced against American Indians.
Japanese Americans were placed into re…
Korematsu v. United States.
Law and Society 2: **** Society
Terry v. Ohio
Brown v. Texas
Seibert v. Florida
Jardines v. Florida
Officer MacFadden, a seasoned Cleveland detective, noticed su…
Two officers stopped a man and asked him to identify himself…
Michael Seibert killed Karolay Adrianza. Roommate William "Ac…
Jadines appealed, calling the drug sniffing dog an unconstitu…
Terry v. Ohio
Officer MacFadden, a seasoned Cleveland detective, noticed su…
Brown v. Texas
Two officers stopped a man and asked him to identify himself…
26 terms
Law and Society
adversarial system
anarchy
appeal
bail
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
an application for a legal decision to be reviewed in a highe…
to release an accused person who is awaiting trial
adversarial system
system in which two opposing parties present their arguments…
anarchy
disorder or confusion due to the absence of government or laws
19 terms
Law & Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Great confusion or disorder
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of legal system
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
Chaos
Great confusion or disorder
Law and Society Test 3
Minnesota v Carter
Advisory Opinion
Case or Controversy
Adversarial Legal Process
Arrested for bagging cocaine. Police looked through window, d…
Issued in the absence of a case or controversy, opinion by a…
Role given to the Supreme Court through the constitution, the…
Designed to be a truth finding mission
Minnesota v Carter
Arrested for bagging cocaine. Police looked through window, d…
Advisory Opinion
Issued in the absence of a case or controversy, opinion by a…
33 terms
Law & Society
Arson
Burglary
Embezzlement
Extortion
Willful and malicious burning of another person's property fo…
Entering a building with the intent to commit a crime (even i…
Unlawful taking of property by someone to whom it was entrusted
Use of threats to obtain the property of another (aka "blackm…
Arson
Willful and malicious burning of another person's property fo…
Burglary
Entering a building with the intent to commit a crime (even i…
39 terms
Law & Society
Procedural Law
Public Law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Outline the steps and procedures involved in protecting and e…
Regulates the relationships between the state and individuals…
Regulates the personal relationship between two private parti…
Or Penal law is a body of law that relates to crime. It regul…
Procedural Law
Outline the steps and procedures involved in protecting and e…
Public Law
Regulates the relationships between the state and individuals…
Law and Society
Anarchy
chaos
Law
Magistrate
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
great disorder or confusion
A system of rules enforced by the government
A person who is not a judge but who is authorized to hear and…
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder
chaos
great disorder or confusion
37 terms
Law & Society
Procedural Law
Public Law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Outline the steps and procedures involved in protecting and e…
Regulates the relationships between the state and individuals…
Regulates the personal relationship between two private parti…
Or Penal law is a body of law that relates to crime. It regul…
Procedural Law
Outline the steps and procedures involved in protecting and e…
Public Law
Regulates the relationships between the state and individuals…
13 terms
Law and Society
Anarchy
Chaos
Law
Access
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder.
Great disorder or confusion.
Rules made by parliament and enforceable by the courts.
Equal opportunity for all people to make use of the legal sys…
Anarchy
Absence of law or government; chaos, disorder.
Chaos
Great disorder or confusion.
30 terms
Law & Society
Law
Human Rights
Felonies
Misdemeanors
the principles and regulations established in a community by…
fundamental rights, especially those believed to belong to an…
an offense, as murder or burglary, of graver character than t…
Law. a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony.
Law
the principles and regulations established in a community by…
Human Rights
fundamental rights, especially those believed to belong to an…
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