Study sets matching "law"

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Study sets matching "law"

law
Procedure for criminal trial
Criminal suit
Felony
Misdemeanor
government decides whether to prosecute; defendant has the ri…
the court determines the guilt, so that a punishment can be g…
a serious crime, with a sentence of one year or more in prison.
less serious, ofte =n with a sentence of less that a year
Procedure for criminal trial
government decides whether to prosecute; defendant has the ri…
Criminal suit
the court determines the guilt, so that a punishment can be g…
Easement
Mortgage
Lease
Licence
An easement is a right benefiting one parcel of land (known a…
A mortgage is a debt instrument, secured by the collateral of…
a contract by which one party conveys land, property, service…
a permit from an authority to own or use something, do a part…
Easement
An easement is a right benefiting one parcel of land (known a…
Mortgage
A mortgage is a debt instrument, secured by the collateral of…
119 terms
Law
ad hoc organization
Apartheid
Case law/common law
Civil disobedience
an organization created for a specific purpose
a former policy of the south african government that involved…
a type of law developed in England thats based on following p…
a peaceful form of protest by which a person refuses to obey…
ad hoc organization
an organization created for a specific purpose
Apartheid
a former policy of the south african government that involved…
Law
charged with... he had been charged with…
find guilty of... he found guilty of mone…
ban from... Paul was banned from driving
custody... he remanded in custody for two…
(of the ​police) to make a ​formal ​statement saying that som…
to make a ​judgment in a ​law ​court
to ​forbid (= ​refuse to ​allow) something, ​especially ​offi…
the ​state of being ​kept in ​prison, ​especially while ​wait…
charged with... he had been charged with…
(of the ​police) to make a ​formal ​statement saying that som…
find guilty of... he found guilty of mone…
to make a ​judgment in a ​law ​court
Law
Legal system
civil or code system
code of Hamarabi
US common law made up of
is referred to as common law
spells everything out for you
had an ancient version of what we have today
constitution, statutes, and judge made law
Legal system
is referred to as common law
civil or code system
spells everything out for you
18 terms
Law
human rights
reservations
criminal laws
felonies
equal given rights to people just for being human
which is a legal way of making a provision less enforceable
regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society
murder or robbery
human rights
equal given rights to people just for being human
reservations
which is a legal way of making a provision less enforceable
25 terms
Law
Law
Summary offence
Indictable offences
Actus reus
The system of rules by which a particular country recognizes…
less serious than indictable offences. Includes petty crimes.…
Requires a judge and jury. More serious offences. Can go to t…
guilty act/Committing the crime
Law
The system of rules by which a particular country recognizes…
Summary offence
less serious than indictable offences. Includes petty crimes.…
17 terms
Law
Egypt
Roman Empire
Tithing System
Shire Reeve
L1st recorded police force.
Military units, precincts.
Males 12+ defend.
Oversees the shire, 10 tithings, call for help.
Egypt
L1st recorded police force.
Roman Empire
Military units, precincts.
10 terms
Law
annual deductible
claims
collision coverage
comprehensive overage other than colli…
a portion of a covered loss not paid by the insurer during th…
notice by the insured to the insurance compamy that a loss ha…
covers your vehicle for damage caused by impact with another…
Comprehensive Coverage-Other than Collision-provides protecti…
annual deductible
a portion of a covered loss not paid by the insurer during th…
claims
notice by the insured to the insurance compamy that a loss ha…
8 terms
law
criminal procedure
exclusionary rule
fruit of the poisonous tree
search
is the laws and rules governing the mechanisms under which cr…
a law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence i…
is a legal metaphor in the United States used to describe evi…
try to find something by looking or otherwise seeking careful…
criminal procedure
is the laws and rules governing the mechanisms under which cr…
exclusionary rule
a law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence i…
Law
Adversarial system
Inquisitional system
Plea bargain
Voir dire
Judical system we use allows opposing parties to persent lega…
Europe method that judge gathers information to question witn…
is any agreement in a criminal case between the prosecutor an…
To speak the truth
Adversarial system
Judical system we use allows opposing parties to persent lega…
Inquisitional system
Europe method that judge gathers information to question witn…
24 terms
law
Mosaic Law
Christian Morality
Modern Secular Ideology
Greek
Forbidden to commit murder, adultery, theft. 10 commandments.…
Laws are written affirmation of what society as a whole consi…
an understanding of democratic secular politics which flouris…
(participation, jury) Democracy/Citizen Participation.Trial b…
Mosaic Law
Forbidden to commit murder, adultery, theft. 10 commandments.…
Christian Morality
Laws are written affirmation of what society as a whole consi…
law
Jurisdiction
Venue
protocols
Incident jurisdiction
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
the county or district within which a criminal or civil case…
the official procedure or system rulers governing affairs of…
in ICS agencies are defined as jurisdictional having statutor…
Jurisdiction
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
Venue
the county or district within which a criminal or civil case…
8 terms
Law
Anti-miscegenation law
Amendment XIV
Due-process
Equal Protection Clause
laws that enforced racial segregation at the level of marriag…
amendment that addresses citizenship rights and equal protect…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction, th…
Anti-miscegenation law
laws that enforced racial segregation at the level of marriag…
Amendment XIV
amendment that addresses citizenship rights and equal protect…
820 terms
law
abate
abduction
abrogate
absolute privilege
To stop harm being done to a property, or to the owner's or r…
Unlawfully removing a person, often a child, from their home.
To abolish or cancel something, such as a law, so that it is…
What people say in courts and parliaments cannot be used as t…
abate
To stop harm being done to a property, or to the owner's or r…
abduction
Unlawfully removing a person, often a child, from their home.
25 terms
Law
Actus Reus
Hill v Baxter
Omissions
R v Gibbons and Proctor
The physical element of a crime. It must be a voluntary act
D lost control of his car due to a swarm of bees therefore th…
A failure to act. The general rule is that an omission is not…
Ds starved their child who died and they were guilty of murde…
Actus Reus
The physical element of a crime. It must be a voluntary act
Hill v Baxter
D lost control of his car due to a swarm of bees therefore th…
28 terms
Law
Arrest
Arrest warrant
Probable cause
Reasonable suspicion
Takes place when a person suspected of a crime is taken into…
A court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
To arrest means having a reasonable belief that a specific pe…
To have reasonable suspicion of a crime
Arrest
Takes place when a person suspected of a crime is taken into…
Arrest warrant
A court order commanding that the person named in it be taken…
LAW
Subpoena duces tecum
Absolute privilege
Res ipsa loquitur
Strict Liability
An order to appear in court to provide evidence and bring spe…
Protects the testifying witness from being sued for defamation.
Facts that imply the accident was caused by the defendant's n…
"A branch of tort law that imposes a much higher level of lia…
Subpoena duces tecum
An order to appear in court to provide evidence and bring spe…
Absolute privilege
Protects the testifying witness from being sued for defamation.
143 terms
Law
Sources of Law
Validity Test of regulation
Legislative Law
Judicial Law
US constitution... legislature... administrative agencies (board of…
1. w/in scope of agency's authority?... 2. based upon statutory…
Promulgate regulations interpretions/definitions and add deta…
render decisions after conducting hearings ... rulings based on…
Sources of Law
US constitution... legislature... administrative agencies (board of…
Validity Test of regulation
1. w/in scope of agency's authority?... 2. based upon statutory…
41 terms
Law
Judical review
Certiorari
Liberal
Conservative
The power of a court to analyze decisions of other government…
The Court determines which cases are worthy of review on the…
Decisions that are more pro people vote for more individual r…
Decisions that are pro government stricter on prisoners and a…
Judical review
The power of a court to analyze decisions of other government…
Certiorari
The Court determines which cases are worthy of review on the…
LAW
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CONTRACT: agreement…
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CONTRACT: agreement…
what terminates an offer?
consideration
definite, clear intent, communicated
unequivocal, communicated, timely basis,
reasonable amount of time (lapse), party died, subject matter…
what each party gives to each other
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CONTRACT: agreement…
definite, clear intent, communicated
REQUIREMENTS FOR A CONTRACT: agreement…
unequivocal, communicated, timely basis,
95 terms
LAW
A ____________ is a non-trespassory in…
A con artist who goes door to door and…
A defamatory communication which is ty…
A nontrespassory invasion of another's…
nuisance
false pretenses
libel
nuisance
A ____________ is a non-trespassory in…
nuisance
A con artist who goes door to door and…
false pretenses
186 terms
law
covet... (ˈkʌvət)
absolve
perjury... (ˈpɜːdʒəri)
insolvent
ламтя; (formal) to want something very much, especially somet…
to state formally that somebody is not guilty or responsible…
the crime of telling a lie in court... The defence witnesses wer…
not having enough money to pay what you owe; bankrupt... The com…
covet... (ˈkʌvət)
ламтя; (formal) to want something very much, especially somet…
absolve
to state formally that somebody is not guilty or responsible…
49 terms
Law
做出裁决
特赦(shè)
无罪
无罪释放
reach a verdict
grant a special pardon
be innocent
release without charge
做出裁决
reach a verdict
特赦(shè)
grant a special pardon
148 terms
Law
Veto
Judicial Review
Impeachment
advise and consent... who does this?
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislat…
Authority given the courts to review constitutionality of act…
An action by the House of Representatives to accuse the presi…
the power of the senate to approve or disapprove of any of th…
Veto
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislat…
Judicial Review
Authority given the courts to review constitutionality of act…
43 terms
law
1A1
1A2
1A3
1A4
Communicable disease of public health significance
Failure to submit vaccination-IV
Physical or mental disorder and behavior which my pose a thre…
Drug abuser or addict non-medical use
1A1
Communicable disease of public health significance
1A2
Failure to submit vaccination-IV
10 terms
Law
Abjure
Judge
Jurisdiction
Jurist
To give up rights
A person chosen to interpret laws
The territory or land in which justice and laws are administe…
An expert in law
Abjure
To give up rights
Judge
A person chosen to interpret laws
138 terms
Law
False Light
Summary Judgement
Defamation
Defenses to defamation
A tort, concerning privacy. Similar to the tort of defamation…
the facts are undisputed and the law make it clear that the o…
Telling folks falsehoods that harms the reputation of a perso…
Truth... Privilege... Immunity
False Light
A tort, concerning privacy. Similar to the tort of defamation…
Summary Judgement
the facts are undisputed and the law make it clear that the o…
Law
Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional torts
Negligence
a private wrong committed by one person against another
person who commits a tort
actions that deliberately hurt, embarrass, or scare people.
tort that results when one person carelessly injures another
Tort
a private wrong committed by one person against another
Tortfeasor
person who commits a tort
32 terms
law
penal
illicit
unruly
illegitimate
a. 受刑罚的,刑事的... penal laws 刑法
a. 违法的 unlawful illegal
a. 难驾驭的,不驯服的,不守法的 disorderly
a. 非法的,私生的 illegal... A special commission tried to reduce the n…
penal
a. 受刑罚的,刑事的... penal laws 刑法
illicit
a. 违法的 unlawful illegal
Law
the person or company harmed in a case
laws must balance with the will of maj…
regu;lates marriage, divorce, contract…
what are important and must be matched…
plaintiff
minorities
civil laws
individual rights
the person or company harmed in a case
plaintiff
laws must balance with the will of maj…
minorities
53 terms
Law
Alibi
Defence
Full alibi defence
Automatism
A defence that the accused was not at the scene of the crime…
The accused response to the criminal charges
1)a statement indicating that the accused was not present at…
Involuntary action by someone who is in a state of impair d c…
Alibi
A defence that the accused was not at the scene of the crime…
Defence
The accused response to the criminal charges
7 terms
Law
Influences of Law
Functions of Law
Limitations of the Canadian Law System
Making of a Law (stages)
always changing, adapts to society, demographic changes, tech…
helps settle disputes, sets rights and obligations, provides…
jurisdiction, applying, the law in cyberspace, wrongful convi…
Bill, Committee members study Bill and make changes, House de…
Influences of Law
always changing, adapts to society, demographic changes, tech…
Functions of Law
helps settle disputes, sets rights and obligations, provides…
14 terms
Law
Abrams V. U.S
A.P v Walker
Barber v. Dearborn Public Sch.
Bartnicki v vooper
decision by the Supreme Court of the United States upholding…
Associated Press v. Walker, 389 U.S. 28 (1967) and Curtis Pub…
first amendment// free speech ...?
relieving a media defendant of liability for broadcasting a t…
Abrams V. U.S
decision by the Supreme Court of the United States upholding…
A.P v Walker
Associated Press v. Walker, 389 U.S. 28 (1967) and Curtis Pub…
Law
Law
Keeping The Peace
Shaping Moral Standards
Moral (Kantian)
A body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controllin…
A function of law that makes certain human and business activ…
A function of law that promote certain moral codes in order t…
Categorical Imperative - duty. A principle that IS intrinsica…
Law
A body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controllin…
Keeping The Peace
A function of law that makes certain human and business activ…
LAW
Common Law
Ohio Court System
Federal Court System
Stare Decisis
The law as decided by the courts. Explain statutes and do not…
The ohio supreme court, the courts of appeals, municipal and…
U.S Supreme Court, District Courts of Appeals, United States…
Let the decision stand
Common Law
The law as decided by the courts. Explain statutes and do not…
Ohio Court System
The ohio supreme court, the courts of appeals, municipal and…
10 terms
Law
Your Honor
Appeal
Cross-examination
Direct-examination
In court, the judge must be addressed as . . .
A request for a higher court to review a decision made by a l…
The questioning of a witness by the lawyer for the opposing s…
The first questioning in a trial of a witness by the lawyer w…
Your Honor
In court, the judge must be addressed as . . .
Appeal
A request for a higher court to review a decision made by a l…
17 terms
law
f u
personal recognizance
information
preliminary hearing
amount of money posted by a defendant to be released from jai…
personal bond, a person must promise to return to court
formal accusation of the defendant detailing the nature and c…
screening process of felony case to determine if there is eno…
f u
amount of money posted by a defendant to be released from jai…
personal recognizance
personal bond, a person must promise to return to court
52 terms
Law
Natural Law
Legal Positivism
Legal Realism
Critical Legal Theory
The morally correct principles alplied to laww
A law should br followed simply because it is a law
What is true, moral, and fair depends on the individual's per…
Laws reflect the biases of social groups
Natural Law
The morally correct principles alplied to laww
Legal Positivism
A law should br followed simply because it is a law
265 terms
Law
Self Defense
actionable
actual malice
assault
...
To be actionable (capable of ... serving as the ground for a law…
Public Figures. Politicians, entertainers, professional athle…
(words or acts that wrongfully and intentionally make another…
Self Defense
...
actionable
To be actionable (capable of ... serving as the ground for a law…
law
morality
ethics
justice
law
principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
a set of moral principles, especially ones relating to or aff…
just behavior or treatment
the system of rules that a particular country or community re…
morality
principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
ethics
a set of moral principles, especially ones relating to or aff…
Law
Administrative law
Civil law
Common law (Case law)
Criminal law
The body of law that governs the activities of administrative…
....... law (or civilian law) is a legal system inspired by R…
....... law is law developed by judges through decisions of c…
........ penal law, is the bodies of rules with the ... potentia…
Administrative law
The body of law that governs the activities of administrative…
Civil law
....... law (or civilian law) is a legal system inspired by R…
28 terms
Law
Company
Company formation
Sole proprietorship
Business license
Legal entity made up of an association of persons, be they na…
The first step in opening a business
Type of business entity that is owned and run by one natural…
Permits issued by government agencies that allow individuals…
Company
Legal entity made up of an association of persons, be they na…
Company formation
The first step in opening a business
41 terms
law
self defense
infancy
intoxication
insanity
was the force too much?
under 7 years old
only a defense if you were unwillingly intoxicated
you need to be unable to control yourself at the time of the…
self defense
was the force too much?
infancy
under 7 years old
30 terms
LAW
Prosecutor
Community Based Correctional Facility
Juvenile Detention Center
Due Process
A lawyer who represents the government in a criminal case and…
include probation and parole, lower the cost of supervising p…
The facility where juveniles who have been arrested and are a…
An administrative agency decision-making, notice of charges o…
Prosecutor
A lawyer who represents the government in a criminal case and…
Community Based Correctional Facility
include probation and parole, lower the cost of supervising p…
331 terms
Law
Substantive Law
Procedural Law
Public Law
Private Law
Defines the rights of the people
Establishes processes for settling disputes
Sets the duties of government to its citizens
Regulates duties between individuals
Substantive Law
Defines the rights of the people
Procedural Law
Establishes processes for settling disputes
82 terms
Law
Administrative Law
(Admin Law) Gov. agencies can action....
Constitutional Law
Due Process 5th Amendment restricts wh…
Body of Law that governs the activities of administrative age…
Rule making (Creation), Adjudication (Orders =Quasi-Judicial)…
Body of Law with defines the relationship of different entiti…
powers of the federal government and applies only to their ac…
Administrative Law
Body of Law that governs the activities of administrative age…
(Admin Law) Gov. agencies can action....
Rule making (Creation), Adjudication (Orders =Quasi-Judicial)…
180 terms
Law
Two fundamental principles of the U.S.…
Three branches of Federal government
how many levels of courts are there
duces tecum
Federalism and checks and balances
1) executive: president... 2) legislative: congress... 3) Judicial:…
1) supreme court... 2) court of appeals (circuit courts)... 3) dist…
Subpoena: is a court summons ordering the recipient to appear…
Two fundamental principles of the U.S.…
Federalism and checks and balances
Three branches of Federal government
1) executive: president... 2) legislative: congress... 3) Judicial:…
15 terms
Law
Maritime Law
Military Law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Laws that involve issues at sea
Laws that are specific to branches of the armed forces
Laws about citizen interactions, business and finance
Laws about rules that must be followed by all citizens- These…
Maritime Law
Laws that involve issues at sea
Military Law
Laws that are specific to branches of the armed forces
20 terms
Law
expost
capital
police
bail
Factor law is prohibited under the Constitution
Punishment can only be allowed for murder
powers are exercised by the states in areas of public health…
is usually allowed for suspects in order to prepare for a trial
expost
Factor law is prohibited under the Constitution
capital
Punishment can only be allowed for murder
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