Study sets matching "lclab english language speech"

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Study sets matching "lclab english language speech"

English Language Glossary - Speech
spontaneous speech
prepared speech
pause
filler (voiced pause)
spoken language that occurs unprepared
spoken language that has been prepared prior to a presentatio…
a temporary stop in action or speech
any spoken sound used to fill a gap in speech eg- erm, uhh
spontaneous speech
spoken language that occurs unprepared
prepared speech
spoken language that has been prepared prior to a presentatio…
English Language - Speech Terms
Adjacency pairs
Turn taking
Phatic Communication
Hedging
Two part exchanges that follow a predictable pattern - e.g. '…
We are sensitive that others wish to speak, and we do this
The technical term for small talk - e.g. 'Hello', 'Isn't it a…
Avoiding saying something too directly
Adjacency pairs
Two part exchanges that follow a predictable pattern - e.g. '…
Turn taking
We are sensitive that others wish to speak, and we do this
22 terms
English Language - Speech Framework
Accent
Dialect
Discourse
Discourse Marker
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
A continuous stretch of language (usually spoke) that is long…
A word or phrase that indicates a change in topic, or a retur…
Accent
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
Dialect
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
English language- speech
Malcom
Workman
Code switching
Co-switching
Found a correlation between lower classes and h-dropping.
Birmingham accents gave worst impressions.
The ability to switch different languages- can sometimes be h…
Is a subconscious act- like convergence.
Malcom
Found a correlation between lower classes and h-dropping.
Workman
Birmingham accents gave worst impressions.
English Language-The Functions of Speech
Transactional
Referential
Interactional
Phatic
To achieve something/get something done, make a deal, e.g. bu…
Provides listener with information.
To establish relationships, social and informal interaction.
Small talk. Used for social purposes rather than to express s…
Transactional
To achieve something/get something done, make a deal, e.g. bu…
Referential
Provides listener with information.
23 terms
English Language: Speech Features
3 part exchange
Adjacency pair
Assimilation
Backchannel
3 utterances linked in an obvious way, e.g. A asks question,…
2 utterances linked in an obvious way, always said by differe…
2 words made into one; a non-standard form using no apostroph…
Feedback offered by a listener to the main speaker, taking fo…
3 part exchange
3 utterances linked in an obvious way, e.g. A asks question,…
Adjacency pair
2 utterances linked in an obvious way, always said by differe…
29 terms
English Language Parts of Speech
noun
verb
adverb
pronoun
person, place or thing
action
describes (modify) verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Replaces a noun, to avoid repeating the noun over and over.... S…
noun
person, place or thing
verb
action
55 terms
English Language - Child Language: Speech
Ages and Stages of Language Development
The Imitation Theory
Evidence For
Evidence Against
1. Crying: Birth... 2. Cooing: 6 Weeks... 3. Babbling: 6 Months... 4.…
...
...
...
Ages and Stages of Language Development
1. Crying: Birth... 2. Cooing: 6 Weeks... 3. Babbling: 6 Months... 4.…
The Imitation Theory
...
English Language - Speech Framework
Accent
Dialect
Discourse
Discourse Marker
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
A continuous stretch of language (usually spoke) that is long…
A word or phrase that indicates a change in topic, or a retur…
Accent
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
Dialect
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
English Language - figures of speech & more
Allegory
Euphemism
Hyperbole
Imagery
Definition: a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted…
Definition: a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used in…
Definition: exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be…
Definition: language that causes people to imagine pictures i…
Allegory
Definition: a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted…
Euphemism
Definition: a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used in…
5 terms
English Language - Speech terms
Phatic utterance
Turn-taking
Overlapping
Adjacency pairs
-small talk
-waiting for your turn to speech
-talking over someone
-two part sequences (eg.question and answer)
Phatic utterance
-small talk
Turn-taking
-waiting for your turn to speech
30 terms
English Language - Developing Speech
Nativist Theory
Behaviourist Theory
Social Interactionist Theory
Cognitive Theory
CHOMSKY: we are born with an inbuilt capacity to acquire lang…
SKINNER: language is acquired through imitation and reinforce…
BRUNER: language is developed through interaction with adults
PIAGET: acquisition is part of a wider development of underst…
Nativist Theory
CHOMSKY: we are born with an inbuilt capacity to acquire lang…
Behaviourist Theory
SKINNER: language is acquired through imitation and reinforce…
60 terms
English Language - Acquisition (speech)
Phoneme
Phonetics
Semantcis
Syntax
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Study of sounds, used in speech, including how they are produ…
The study of meaning
Ways words are arranged to make sentances
Phoneme
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Phonetics
Study of sounds, used in speech, including how they are produ…
17 terms
English Language Speech theorists
Skinner
Chomsky
Piaget
Bruner
Imitation + Postive and Negative reinforcement
Innateness + LAD
Cognitive
Interactional + LASS
Skinner
Imitation + Postive and Negative reinforcement
Chomsky
Innateness + LAD
20 terms
Speech and Language, English 10H
brevity n.
contradict v.
dialect n.
diction n.
shortness of time or duration
to assert the opposite of
variety of language
style of speaking or writing
brevity n.
shortness of time or duration
contradict v.
to assert the opposite of
English Language- Speech Features.
Phatic Utterance
Transactional Language
Expressive Language
Fillers
Utterances used for social reasons rather than convey info "s…
A dialogue in which a transaction takes place- what can I get…
Utterances which expresses emotion. I love you soo much
Words or expressions which have little meaning.- you know
Phatic Utterance
Utterances used for social reasons rather than convey info "s…
Transactional Language
A dialogue in which a transaction takes place- what can I get…
English Speech Languages
Literal Language
Figurative Language
Metaphor
Simile
Words written to show exact meaning
Words are written, the meaning of the words are interpreted.…
A figure of speech where one thing is described in terms of a…
A comparison using like or as
Literal Language
Words written to show exact meaning
Figurative Language
Words are written, the meaning of the words are interpreted.…
14 terms
Spoken Language - Speeches GCSE English Language
Formal Tone
Informal Tone
Parallelism
Fronted Conjunction
A professional way of speaking - often used with strangers.
A casual way of speaking - often used with friends or family.
Elements of sentences that are grammatically similar in const…
Starting a sentence with 'but, as, yet'...
Formal Tone
A professional way of speaking - often used with strangers.
Informal Tone
A casual way of speaking - often used with friends or family.
24 terms
English language vocab (Speech terms)
Idiolect
Sociolect
Dialect
Accent
How each individual specifically uses language
Language variety to a social class/group
Accent, lexis and grammar specific to a region
Sound features in speech typical of a social group or geograp…
Idiolect
How each individual specifically uses language
Sociolect
Language variety to a social class/group
English figures of speech/figurative language
oxymoron
personification
metaphor
simile
comination of contradictory words
giving non-human objects human characteristics
direct comparison between two things usually considered unali…
comparison between two things usually considered unalike usin…
oxymoron
comination of contradictory words
personification
giving non-human objects human characteristics
10 terms
english parts of speech- Figurative language
Simile
Metaphor
Adjective
Onomatopoeia
Uses the word like or as and compares two objects, e.g she wa…
Says something is another thing, e.g he was a giant.
Describes something, e.g what a DAZZLING display.
A word that sounds like the sound, e.g BANG, SMACK.
Simile
Uses the word like or as and compares two objects, e.g she wa…
Metaphor
Says something is another thing, e.g he was a giant.
28 terms
english: parts of speech and language features
noun
common noun
proper noun
collective noun
a naming word
object or thing eg. the + (word)
names and places
refers to a group
noun
a naming word
common noun
object or thing eg. the + (word)
English Language - Child Speech theorists
David Crystal
Dore
Halliday
Lenneberg
Functions of child language stages:... 1. get attention/somethin…
Functions of child language:... Labelling = naming or identifyin…
Functions of child language:... Instrumental = getting something…
There is a biological basis to child language and there is a…
David Crystal
Functions of child language stages:... 1. get attention/somethin…
Dore
Functions of child language:... Labelling = naming or identifyin…
49 terms
English Fig Language / Parts of Speech
alliteration
allusion
antithesis
assonance
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, norm…
a reference in a work of literature to something outside the…
a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting word…
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
alliteration
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, norm…
allusion
a reference in a work of literature to something outside the…
English and Language Usage / The parts of speech
The eight parts of speech are nouns, p…
Nouns
Verbs
Pronoun
...
They can be divided into two main-parts. Ideas are also nouns.
Describes actions or a state of being. The most common linkin…
A word to replace a noun. Example: instead of saying " "Sam l…
The eight parts of speech are nouns, p…
...
Nouns
They can be divided into two main-parts. Ideas are also nouns.
English language arts parts of speech
Noun
Concrete noun
Abstract noun
Common noun
A word that means a person place thing or idea
Names people places or things that you can see or touch
Names ideas or qualities
Names any person place or thing
Noun
A word that means a person place thing or idea
Concrete noun
Names people places or things that you can see or touch
English Language Authors (Speech and Children)
Skinner
Chompsky
Piaget
Caretaker Theory
A child imitates the language they hear from adults, to then…
All human beings have a Language Acquisition Device (LAD) in…
Linked staged in language acqusition to stages in cognitive d…
Retains the attention of the child.
Skinner
A child imitates the language they hear from adults, to then…
Chompsky
All human beings have a Language Acquisition Device (LAD) in…
14 terms
Parts of Speech - English & Language Usage
Adjective
Adverb
Article
Clause
descriptive word that modifies a noun or pronoun.... Ex. young b…
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and…
a word that is used to limit a noun... indefinite: a, an... definit…
a group of words that are related and contain both a subject…
Adjective
descriptive word that modifies a noun or pronoun.... Ex. young b…
Adverb
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and…
17 terms
AQA English Language A2 - Speech theories
What did Chomsky say about children's…
J. Berko and R. Brown - the 'fis' phen…
Give some features of Child Directed S…
Jean Berko - Wugs
Children are born with the inherited ability to learn any lan…
Berko and Brown reported an incident where a child named his…
repetition, higher pitch, present tense, fewer verbs and modi…
Provided evidence for the belief that children overgeneralise…
What did Chomsky say about children's…
Children are born with the inherited ability to learn any lan…
J. Berko and R. Brown - the 'fis' phen…
Berko and Brown reported an incident where a child named his…
13 terms
AP English Language (Terminology: Terms of Speech/Dialect)
Qualifier
Rhetorical Question
Vernacular Expression
Colloquial Language
To mitigate, to make less strong, to make less unpleasant...…
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a…
Local speech of a specific population; non-standard dialects;…
Informal language that is not an entire dialect; speech that…
Qualifier
To mitigate, to make less strong, to make less unpleasant...…
Rhetorical Question
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a…
10 terms
AQA - A2 English Language - Speech Acquisition
Holophrase
Holophrastic stage
Two word stage
Telegraphic stage
A single word expressing a whole idea, likely to develop alon…
12-18 months, one word utterances usually contain the meaning…
18-24 months, two words combined together to make one sentenc…
24-36 months, grammar begins to develop with extra elements o…
Holophrase
A single word expressing a whole idea, likely to develop alon…
Holophrastic stage
12-18 months, one word utterances usually contain the meaning…
19 terms
ENGLISH LANGUAGE- CLA: Child Directed Speech/ Caregiver Speech
DISCOURSE: The use of...
DISCOURSE: Silent turns allowed...
DISCOURSE: Caretaker often repeats...
DISCOURSE: Caretaker often expands on…
...questions (DISCOURSE)
...for very young children to teach turn-taking (DISCOURSE)
...what child has said (DISCOURSE)
...child has said (DISCOURSE)
DISCOURSE: The use of...
...questions (DISCOURSE)
DISCOURSE: Silent turns allowed...
...for very young children to teach turn-taking (DISCOURSE)
74 terms
ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEECH ACQUISITION KEY TERMS
Vegetative Stage
Cooing Stage
Babbling Stage
Proto Word Stage
Sounds of discomfort or reflexive actions
Comfort sounds and vocal play using open mouthed vowel sounds
Repeated patterns of consonant and vowel sounds
Word like vocalisations, not matching actual words but used c…
Vegetative Stage
Sounds of discomfort or reflexive actions
Cooing Stage
Comfort sounds and vocal play using open mouthed vowel sounds
26 terms
English language- features of speech key terms
Pragmatics
Interruptions
Overlaps
Interventions
Hidden meaning
Speaker hasn't finished a unit of speech but someone else sta…
One speaker talks at the same time as another speaker
Several people attempt to gain the floor
Pragmatics
Hidden meaning
Interruptions
Speaker hasn't finished a unit of speech but someone else sta…
AQA B English Language - Developing Speech
Holophrastic/One-Word Stage
Two-Word Stage
Telegraphic Stage
Post-Telegraphic Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features one-…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features two…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features thre…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features more…
Holophrastic/One-Word Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features one-…
Two-Word Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features two…
AQA English Language B A2 - Language Acquisition - SPEECH
Phonetics
Lexis/semantics
Syntax/morphology
Phonology
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
(steps needed for developing speech) How words are arranged t…
(steps needed for developing speech) How sounds communicate m…
Phonetics
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
Lexis/semantics
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
Crafted Speech (A Level English Language and Literature)
Schema
Agenda Setting
Adverbs of time
Discourse markers
The typical expectation or structure of a situation.
The directing of the conversation by one character.
Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by t…
a word/phrase that organizes discourse into segments, (e.g we…
Schema
The typical expectation or structure of a situation.
Agenda Setting
The directing of the conversation by one character.
English 9 - Language Terms (parts of speech)
action verb
to be/linking verb
helping/auxiliary verb
common noun
physical or mental activity; tells us what the subject of a s…
represents a state of being or action (connects subject with…
verb that extends the meaning of the main verb (used for tens…
a person, place, or thing
action verb
physical or mental activity; tells us what the subject of a s…
to be/linking verb
represents a state of being or action (connects subject with…
English Language A2 CLA speech
How many Phonological Mistakes are the…
Deletion
Substitution
Addition
7
Omitting the final consonant e.g. Do(g)
Changing one sound for another e.g. pip for ship
Adding an extra vowel sound to the end of words e.g. doggie
How many Phonological Mistakes are the…
7
Deletion
Omitting the final consonant e.g. Do(g)
20 terms
IB English Lan Lit: Language & Dialect (Speech)
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Ethos
Pathos
Logos
The use of the 3 elements of the rhetorical triangle to creat…
lies in appealing to authority or experience to justify state…
describes the addition of emotion and sentiment to create a m…
describes the application of logic and reason in an attempt t…
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
The use of the 3 elements of the rhetorical triangle to creat…
Ethos
lies in appealing to authority or experience to justify state…
English Language Authors (Speech Varieties and Social Groups)
Howard Giles
Deborah Tannen
Zimmerman and West
Robin Lakeoff
Converging to or Diverging from ones accent
Rapport Talk - gossiping, chit chat, forming relationships... Re…
Interruptions - men are more likely to overlap in conversatio…
Womens language is distinguished, e.g. tag questions and apol…
Howard Giles
Converging to or Diverging from ones accent
Deborah Tannen
Rapport Talk - gossiping, chit chat, forming relationships... Re…
English 9 - Language (parts of speech) Example/Practice
action verb
action verb
to be (linking) verb
to be (linking) verb
run
think
is
seems
action verb
run
action verb
think
114 terms
English Language A-Level Child Directed Speech and Language Change
Phoneme
Consonant Cluster
Which word class makes up the high pro…
Underextension
The smallest unit of speech in a language
Reducing work sounds to make it easy
Concrete Nouns
There is only one mummy and its theirs
Phoneme
The smallest unit of speech in a language
Consonant Cluster
Reducing work sounds to make it easy
English Language Stylistic features in informal speech and writing
Stylistic features
Phonological patterning
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia in informal texts
Can also be referred to as literary and rhetorical devices ... T…
Onomatopoeia... Alliteration ... Assonance ... Rhythm ... Consonance ... Rhy…
Onomatopoeia - when the sound of a word directly links to its…
Will often be words representing the noises people make to ex…
Stylistic features
Can also be referred to as literary and rhetorical devices ... T…
Phonological patterning
Onomatopoeia... Alliteration ... Assonance ... Rhythm ... Consonance ... Rhy…
English and Language Usage/ The Parts of Speech/ part 2
Subordinating conjunction
Conjunctive adverbs
Correlative conjunctions
Interjection
Come at the beginning of subordinate clauses and are used to…
Include additionally, in addition, moreover , also, consequen…
Are a combination of a coordinating conjunction and another w…
Convey emotion and is not grammatically related to any other…
Subordinating conjunction
Come at the beginning of subordinate clauses and are used to…
Conjunctive adverbs
Include additionally, in addition, moreover , also, consequen…
AS English Language: Features of Spontaneous Speech
Repetition
Backchannels - "mmm", "yeah"
Deixis/deictics - "this", "that", "the…
Discourse markers - "well", "oh", "of…
Excitement
Listeners may show the speaker that they are listening and un…
"Verbal pointing", a context dependent feature of speech
To show the listener how to interpret what the speaker is say…
Repetition
Excitement
Backchannels - "mmm", "yeah"
Listeners may show the speaker that they are listening and un…
English Language AS: Caregiver Speech and Genie Wiley
Caregiver Speech
Phonological Features
Lexical Features
Syntactic Features
- Language used by adults speaking to small children.... AKA:... -…
- Higher pitch (reflects mother's voice),... - Slower rate of sp…
- Substitutions,... - Diminutives (baby speak, mumm-y, hungry-wu…
- Use of nouns over pronouns,... - Plural pronouns in place of s…
Caregiver Speech
- Language used by adults speaking to small children.... AKA:... -…
Phonological Features
- Higher pitch (reflects mother's voice),... - Slower rate of sp…
18 terms
ENGLISH FINALS - Fig. Language + Parts of Speech
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Alliteration
A comparison 2 things using like or as.
A comparison of 2 things not using like or as.
Giving living qualities to nonliving things.
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
Simile
A comparison 2 things using like or as.
Metaphor
A comparison of 2 things not using like or as.
AQA English Language B A2 - Language Acquisition - SPEECH
Phonetics
Lexis/semantics
Syntax/morphology
Phonology
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
(steps needed for developing speech) How words are arranged t…
(steps needed for developing speech) How sounds communicate m…
Phonetics
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
Lexis/semantics
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
40 terms
A2 AQA English Language language acquisition developing speech
Phoneme
Phonetics
Phonology
Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
The study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
The study of the sound systems of language and how they commu…
The human brain's inbuilt capacity to acquire language
Phoneme
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Phonetics
The study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
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