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Study sets matching "lclab english language speech"

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Study sets matching "lclab english language speech"

34 terms
English Language Glossary - Speech
spontaneous speech
prepared speech
pause
filler (voiced pause)
spoken language that occurs unprepared
spoken language that has been prepared prior to a presentatio…
a temporary stop in action or speech
any spoken sound used to fill a gap in speech eg- erm, uhh
spontaneous speech
spoken language that occurs unprepared
prepared speech
spoken language that has been prepared prior to a presentatio…
22 terms
English Language - Speech Terms
Adjacency pairs
Turn taking
Phatic Communication
Hedging
Two part exchanges that follow a predictable pattern - e.g. '…
We are sensitive that others wish to speak, and we do this
The technical term for small talk - e.g. 'Hello', 'Isn't it a…
Avoiding saying something too directly
Adjacency pairs
Two part exchanges that follow a predictable pattern - e.g. '…
Turn taking
We are sensitive that others wish to speak, and we do this
22 terms
English Language - Speech Framework
Accent
Dialect
Discourse
Discourse Marker
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
A continuous stretch of language (usually spoke) that is long…
A word or phrase that indicates a change in topic, or a retur…
Accent
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
Dialect
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
12 terms
English language- speech
Malcom
Workman
Code switching
Co-switching
Found a correlation between lower classes and h-dropping.
Birmingham accents gave worst impressions.
The ability to switch different languages- can sometimes be h…
Is a subconscious act- like convergence.
Malcom
Found a correlation between lower classes and h-dropping.
Workman
Birmingham accents gave worst impressions.
23 terms
English Language: Speech Features
3 part exchange
Adjacency pair
Assimilation
Backchannel
3 utterances linked in an obvious way, e.g. A asks question,…
2 utterances linked in an obvious way, always said by differe…
2 words made into one; a non-standard form using no apostroph…
Feedback offered by a listener to the main speaker, taking fo…
3 part exchange
3 utterances linked in an obvious way, e.g. A asks question,…
Adjacency pair
2 utterances linked in an obvious way, always said by differe…
29 terms
English Language Parts of Speech
noun
verb
adverb
pronoun
person, place or thing
action
describes (modify) verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Replaces a noun, to avoid repeating the noun over and over.... S…
noun
person, place or thing
verb
action
55 terms
English Language - Child Language: Speech
Ages and Stages of Language Development
The Imitation Theory
Evidence For
Evidence Against
1. Crying: Birth... 2. Cooing: 6 Weeks... 3. Babbling: 6 Months... 4.…
...
...
...
Ages and Stages of Language Development
1. Crying: Birth... 2. Cooing: 6 Weeks... 3. Babbling: 6 Months... 4.…
The Imitation Theory
...
23 terms
English Language - Speech Framework
Accent
Dialect
Discourse
Discourse Marker
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
A continuous stretch of language (usually spoke) that is long…
A word or phrase that indicates a change in topic, or a retur…
Accent
The specific way words are pronounced according to geographic…
Dialect
The language variety of a geographical region or social subgr…
60 terms
English Language - Acquisition (speech)
Phoneme
Phonetics
Semantcis
Syntax
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Study of sounds, used in speech, including how they are produ…
The study of meaning
Ways words are arranged to make sentances
Phoneme
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Phonetics
Study of sounds, used in speech, including how they are produ…
17 terms
English Language Speech theorists
Skinner
Chomsky
Piaget
Bruner
Imitation + Postive and Negative reinforcement
Innateness + LAD
Cognitive
Interactional + LASS
Skinner
Imitation + Postive and Negative reinforcement
Chomsky
Innateness + LAD
30 terms
English Language - Developing Speech
Nativist Theory
Behaviourist Theory
Social Interactionist Theory
Cognitive Theory
CHOMSKY: we are born with an inbuilt capacity to acquire lang…
SKINNER: language is acquired through imitation and reinforce…
BRUNER: language is developed through interaction with adults
PIAGET: acquisition is part of a wider development of underst…
Nativist Theory
CHOMSKY: we are born with an inbuilt capacity to acquire lang…
Behaviourist Theory
SKINNER: language is acquired through imitation and reinforce…
20 terms
Speech and Language, English 10H
brevity n.
contradict v.
dialect n.
diction n.
shortness of time or duration
to assert the opposite of
variety of language
style of speaking or writing
brevity n.
shortness of time or duration
contradict v.
to assert the opposite of
English Language- Speech Features.
Phatic Utterance
Transactional Language
Expressive Language
Fillers
Utterances used for social reasons rather than convey info "s…
A dialogue in which a transaction takes place- what can I get…
Utterances which expresses emotion. I love you soo much
Words or expressions which have little meaning.- you know
Phatic Utterance
Utterances used for social reasons rather than convey info "s…
Transactional Language
A dialogue in which a transaction takes place- what can I get…
14 terms
Spoken Language - Speeches GCSE English Language
Formal Tone
Informal Tone
Parallelism
Fronted Conjunction
A professional way of speaking - often used with strangers.
A casual way of speaking - often used with friends or family.
Elements of sentences that are grammatically similar in const…
Starting a sentence with 'but, as, yet'...
Formal Tone
A professional way of speaking - often used with strangers.
Informal Tone
A casual way of speaking - often used with friends or family.
24 terms
English language vocab (Speech terms)
Idiolect
Sociolect
Dialect
Accent
How each individual specifically uses language
Language variety to a social class/group
Accent, lexis and grammar specific to a region
Sound features in speech typical of a social group or geograp…
Idiolect
How each individual specifically uses language
Sociolect
Language variety to a social class/group
17 terms
English figures of speech/figurative language
oxymoron
personification
metaphor
simile
comination of contradictory words
giving non-human objects human characteristics
direct comparison between two things usually considered unali…
comparison between two things usually considered unalike usin…
oxymoron
comination of contradictory words
personification
giving non-human objects human characteristics
10 terms
english parts of speech- Figurative language
Simile
Metaphor
Adjective
Onomatopoeia
Uses the word like or as and compares two objects, e.g she wa…
Says something is another thing, e.g he was a giant.
Describes something, e.g what a DAZZLING display.
A word that sounds like the sound, e.g BANG, SMACK.
Simile
Uses the word like or as and compares two objects, e.g she wa…
Metaphor
Says something is another thing, e.g he was a giant.
28 terms
english: parts of speech and language features
noun
common noun
proper noun
collective noun
a naming word
object or thing eg. the + (word)
names and places
refers to a group
noun
a naming word
common noun
object or thing eg. the + (word)
49 terms
English Fig Language / Parts of Speech
alliteration
allusion
antithesis
assonance
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, norm…
a reference in a work of literature to something outside the…
a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting word…
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
alliteration
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, norm…
allusion
a reference in a work of literature to something outside the…
English Language - Child Speech theorists
David Crystal
Dore
Halliday
Lenneberg
Functions of child language stages:... 1. get attention/somethin…
Functions of child language:... Labelling = naming or identifyin…
Functions of child language:... Instrumental = getting something…
There is a biological basis to child language and there is a…
David Crystal
Functions of child language stages:... 1. get attention/somethin…
Dore
Functions of child language:... Labelling = naming or identifyin…
12 terms
English and Language Usage / The parts of speech
The eight parts of speech are nouns, p…
Nouns
Verbs
Pronoun
...
They can be divided into two main-parts. Ideas are also nouns.
Describes actions or a state of being. The most common linkin…
A word to replace a noun. Example: instead of saying " "Sam l…
The eight parts of speech are nouns, p…
...
Nouns
They can be divided into two main-parts. Ideas are also nouns.
25 terms
English language arts parts of speech
Noun
Concrete noun
Abstract noun
Common noun
A word that means a person place thing or idea
Names people places or things that you can see or touch
Names ideas or qualities
Names any person place or thing
Noun
A word that means a person place thing or idea
Concrete noun
Names people places or things that you can see or touch
14 terms
Parts of Speech - English & Language Usage
Adjective
Adverb
Article
Clause
descriptive word that modifies a noun or pronoun.... Ex. young b…
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and…
a word that is used to limit a noun... indefinite: a, an... definit…
a group of words that are related and contain both a subject…
Adjective
descriptive word that modifies a noun or pronoun.... Ex. young b…
Adverb
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and…
17 terms
AQA English Language A2 - Speech theories
What did Chomsky say about children's…
J. Berko and R. Brown - the 'fis' phen…
Give some features of Child Directed S…
Jean Berko - Wugs
Children are born with the inherited ability to learn any lan…
Berko and Brown reported an incident where a child named his…
repetition, higher pitch, present tense, fewer verbs and modi…
Provided evidence for the belief that children overgeneralise…
What did Chomsky say about children's…
Children are born with the inherited ability to learn any lan…
J. Berko and R. Brown - the 'fis' phen…
Berko and Brown reported an incident where a child named his…
13 terms
AP English Language (Terminology: Terms of Speech/Dialect)
Qualifier
Rhetorical Question
Vernacular Expression
Colloquial Language
To mitigate, to make less strong, to make less unpleasant...…
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a…
Local speech of a specific population; non-standard dialects;…
Informal language that is not an entire dialect; speech that…
Qualifier
To mitigate, to make less strong, to make less unpleasant...…
Rhetorical Question
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a…
10 terms
AQA - A2 English Language - Speech Acquisition
Holophrase
Holophrastic stage
Two word stage
Telegraphic stage
A single word expressing a whole idea, likely to develop alon…
12-18 months, one word utterances usually contain the meaning…
18-24 months, two words combined together to make one sentenc…
24-36 months, grammar begins to develop with extra elements o…
Holophrase
A single word expressing a whole idea, likely to develop alon…
Holophrastic stage
12-18 months, one word utterances usually contain the meaning…
74 terms
ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEECH ACQUISITION KEY TERMS
Vegetative Stage
Cooing Stage
Babbling Stage
Proto Word Stage
Sounds of discomfort or reflexive actions
Comfort sounds and vocal play using open mouthed vowel sounds
Repeated patterns of consonant and vowel sounds
Word like vocalisations, not matching actual words but used c…
Vegetative Stage
Sounds of discomfort or reflexive actions
Cooing Stage
Comfort sounds and vocal play using open mouthed vowel sounds
26 terms
English language- features of speech key terms
Pragmatics
Interruptions
Overlaps
Interventions
Hidden meaning
Speaker hasn't finished a unit of speech but someone else sta…
One speaker talks at the same time as another speaker
Several people attempt to gain the floor
Pragmatics
Hidden meaning
Interruptions
Speaker hasn't finished a unit of speech but someone else sta…
85 terms
AQA B English Language - Developing Speech
Holophrastic/One-Word Stage
Two-Word Stage
Telegraphic Stage
Post-Telegraphic Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features one-…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features two…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features thre…
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features more…
Holophrastic/One-Word Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features one-…
Two-Word Stage
A stage of lexical and grammatical development, features two…
61 terms
AQA English Language B A2 - Language Acquisition - SPEECH
Phonetics
Lexis/semantics
Syntax/morphology
Phonology
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
(steps needed for developing speech) How words are arranged t…
(steps needed for developing speech) How sounds communicate m…
Phonetics
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
Lexis/semantics
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
28 terms
English language technical terms (minus speech)
Morphology
Syntax
Pragmatics
Compound sentence
The study of bits of words
The word order
How a situation changes
2 sentences joined together that would make sense on their own
Morphology
The study of bits of words
Syntax
The word order
20 terms
IB English Lan Lit: Language & Dialect (Speech)
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
Ethos
Pathos
Logos
The use of the 3 elements of the rhetorical triangle to creat…
lies in appealing to authority or experience to justify state…
describes the addition of emotion and sentiment to create a m…
describes the application of logic and reason in an attempt t…
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
The use of the 3 elements of the rhetorical triangle to creat…
Ethos
lies in appealing to authority or experience to justify state…
35 terms
English Language A2 CLA speech
How many Phonological Mistakes are the…
Deletion
Substitution
Addition
7
Omitting the final consonant e.g. Do(g)
Changing one sound for another e.g. pip for ship
Adding an extra vowel sound to the end of words e.g. doggie
How many Phonological Mistakes are the…
7
Deletion
Omitting the final consonant e.g. Do(g)
English Language Authors (Speech Varieties and Social Groups)
Howard Giles
Deborah Tannen
Zimmerman and West
Robin Lakeoff
Converging to or Diverging from ones accent
Rapport Talk - gossiping, chit chat, forming relationships... Re…
Interruptions - men are more likely to overlap in conversatio…
Womens language is distinguished, e.g. tag questions and apol…
Howard Giles
Converging to or Diverging from ones accent
Deborah Tannen
Rapport Talk - gossiping, chit chat, forming relationships... Re…
114 terms
English Language A-Level Child Directed Speech and Language Change
Phoneme
Consonant Cluster
Which word class makes up the high pro…
Underextension
The smallest unit of speech in a language
Reducing work sounds to make it easy
Concrete Nouns
There is only one mummy and its theirs
Phoneme
The smallest unit of speech in a language
Consonant Cluster
Reducing work sounds to make it easy
25 terms
English Language Stylistic features in informal speech and writing
Stylistic features
Phonological patterning
Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia in informal texts
Can also be referred to as literary and rhetorical devices ... T…
Onomatopoeia... Alliteration ... Assonance ... Rhythm ... Consonance ... Rhy…
Onomatopoeia - when the sound of a word directly links to its…
Will often be words representing the noises people make to ex…
Stylistic features
Can also be referred to as literary and rhetorical devices ... T…
Phonological patterning
Onomatopoeia... Alliteration ... Assonance ... Rhythm ... Consonance ... Rhy…
14 terms
English and Language Usage/ The Parts of Speech/ part 2
Subordinating conjunction
Conjunctive adverbs
Correlative conjunctions
Interjection
Come at the beginning of subordinate clauses and are used to…
Include additionally, in addition, moreover , also, consequen…
Are a combination of a coordinating conjunction and another w…
Convey emotion and is not grammatically related to any other…
Subordinating conjunction
Come at the beginning of subordinate clauses and are used to…
Conjunctive adverbs
Include additionally, in addition, moreover , also, consequen…
10 terms
AS English Language: Features of Spontaneous Speech
Repetition
Backchannels - "mmm", "yeah"
Deixis/deictics - "this", "that", "the…
Discourse markers - "well", "oh", "of…
Excitement
Listeners may show the speaker that they are listening and un…
"Verbal pointing", a context dependent feature of speech
To show the listener how to interpret what the speaker is say…
Repetition
Excitement
Backchannels - "mmm", "yeah"
Listeners may show the speaker that they are listening and un…
8 terms
English Language AS: Caregiver Speech and Genie Wiley
Caregiver Speech
Phonological Features
Lexical Features
Syntactic Features
- Language used by adults speaking to small children.... AKA:... -…
- Higher pitch (reflects mother's voice),... - Slower rate of sp…
- Substitutions,... - Diminutives (baby speak, mumm-y, hungry-wu…
- Use of nouns over pronouns,... - Plural pronouns in place of s…
Caregiver Speech
- Language used by adults speaking to small children.... AKA:... -…
Phonological Features
- Higher pitch (reflects mother's voice),... - Slower rate of sp…
18 terms
ENGLISH FINALS - Fig. Language + Parts of Speech
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Alliteration
A comparison 2 things using like or as.
A comparison of 2 things not using like or as.
Giving living qualities to nonliving things.
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
Simile
A comparison 2 things using like or as.
Metaphor
A comparison of 2 things not using like or as.
AQA English Language B A2 - Language Acquisition - SPEECH
Phonetics
Lexis/semantics
Syntax/morphology
Phonology
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
(steps needed for developing speech) How words are arranged t…
(steps needed for developing speech) How sounds communicate m…
Phonetics
(steps needed for developing speech) Learning sounds/phonemes
Lexis/semantics
(steps needed for developing speech) Words and their meanings
53 terms
AQA A2 ENGLISH LANGUAGE CHILD LANGUAGE DEVELOPING SPEECH
Phoneme
Semantics
Pre verbal:vegative
Pre verbal:cooing
Smallest unit of sound in language
Word meanings
0-4 months,sound discomfort
4-7 months,comfort, open mouth
Phoneme
Smallest unit of sound in language
Semantics
Word meanings
40 terms
A2 AQA English Language language acquisition developing speech
Phoneme
Phonetics
Phonology
Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
The study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
The study of the sound systems of language and how they commu…
The human brain's inbuilt capacity to acquire language
Phoneme
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language
Phonetics
The study of the sounds used in speech, including how they ar…
9 terms
Honors English Exam- Figurative Language & Figures of Speech
Cliché
Euphemism
Extended metaphor
Hyperbole
An expression or idea that has become overused, tired, and co…
A polite substitute for an undesirable word or concept
A metaphor that is developed to include several levels of com…
Wild exaggeration done for emphasis or humor
Cliché
An expression or idea that has become overused, tired, and co…
Euphemism
A polite substitute for an undesirable word or concept
18 terms
English Final; Figurative Language and Parts of Speech
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Alliteration
a comparison of two different things using LIKE or AS
a comparison of two different thing NOT using LIKE or AS
giving living qualities to non-living things
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Simile
a comparison of two different things using LIKE or AS
Metaphor
a comparison of two different thing NOT using LIKE or AS
15 terms
AQA A2 ENGLISH LANGUAGE CHILD LANGUAGE DEVELOPING SPEECH
Phoneme
CHOMSKY
BROWN
NELSON
Smallest unit of sound in language
Learning innate in brain(lad), language sim (universal grammar)
Found children use substitution and under extention
Categories of first words:names,events,describing,modify,soci…
Phoneme
Smallest unit of sound in language
CHOMSKY
Learning innate in brain(lad), language sim (universal grammar)
19 terms
English Language A Level - (AS) - Specification A - Features of spontaneous speech
Interruptions
Interventions
Overlaps
False starts
The speaker hasn't finished a unit of meaning but someone els…
These are attempts to gain the floor, often made by several p…
One speaker talks at the same time as another speaker. These…
The speaker starts out saying one thing and then stops to rep…
Interruptions
The speaker hasn't finished a unit of meaning but someone els…
Interventions
These are attempts to gain the floor, often made by several p…
46 terms
English Home Language - Figures of Speech - Term 2 - 2015
Metaphor
Personification
Transferred epithet
Apostrophe
Making a comparison by stating that one thing is another thing.
Giving a non human entity human qualities.
Transferring the emotions of a person onto an object.
A dramatic or impassioned address to someone or something tha…
Metaphor
Making a comparison by stating that one thing is another thing.
Personification
Giving a non human entity human qualities.
52 terms
English Language Unit 1: Parts of Speech, Subsystems of Language, Language Acquisition, etc.
Phonetics and Phonology
Morphology and Lexicology
Syntax
Semantics
the study of the sounds of language
the study of the structure or forms of words
the study of how words are combined into sentences
the study of meaning in language
Phonetics and Phonology
the study of the sounds of language
Morphology and Lexicology
the study of the structure or forms of words
25 terms
English Language: Speech Features (AO1 / AO3ii)
Paralinguistic
Convergence
Divergence
Standard English
Features of speech which change how a word is said, e.g. pitc…
Making your speech closer to the speech of the people you're…
Making your speech less like the speech of the people you're…
The recognised and accepted lexical, grammatical and phonetic…
Paralinguistic
Features of speech which change how a word is said, e.g. pitc…
Convergence
Making your speech closer to the speech of the people you're…
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