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Study sets matching "learning perspective"

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Study sets matching "learning perspective"

29 terms
the learning perspective
classical conditioning
Generalization
Discrimination
Extinction
you are conditioned to do certain behavior under the same con…
responding in a similar way to similar but not identical stim…
response differently to the stimuli relate to the identical s…
occurs when CR grows weaker
classical conditioning
you are conditioned to do certain behavior under the same con…
Generalization
responding in a similar way to similar but not identical stim…
52 terms
Learning Perspective
Learning:
Any kind of change in the way an organ…
We learn by association
Ivan Pavlov
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
learning
Our minds naturally connect events that... occur in sequence
Russian physiologist (person who studies the workings of the…
Learning:
any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by…
Any kind of change in the way an organ…
learning
29 terms
the learning perspective
classical conditioning
Generalization
Discrimination
Extinction
you are conditioned to do certain behavior under the same con…
responding in a similar way to similar but not identical stim…
response differently to the stimuli relate to the identical s…
occurs when CR grows weaker
classical conditioning
you are conditioned to do certain behavior under the same con…
Generalization
responding in a similar way to similar but not identical stim…
14 terms
The Learning Perspective
classical conditioning
conditioned stimulus
conditioned response
unconditioned response
the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
a neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become conditio…
a response to the CS that's acquired by classical conditionin…
a reflexive response to an unconditioned stimulus; the feelin…
classical conditioning
the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
conditioned stimulus
a neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become conditio…
13 terms
Learning Perspective
Behaviorism
Classic Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Personality IS behavior, internal mental processes are irrele…
Automatic and uncontrollable conditioning, you learn to assoc…
Voluntary conditioning, you choose your behavior based on pos…
Rewards that make a behavior more likely to be repeated.
Behaviorism
Personality IS behavior, internal mental processes are irrele…
Classic Conditioning
Automatic and uncontrollable conditioning, you learn to assoc…
27 terms
Learning Perspective
Behaviourism
3 Fundamental Ideas... 1. Empiricism: all…
2. Associationism: the claim that any…
3. Hedonism: people learn to seek plea…
-the only valid way to know about somebody is to observe the…
-the structure of reality determines the structure of the min…
-often occurs as the result of a cause and effect relationshi…
-explain why rewards and punishments shape behaviour... -utilita…
Behaviourism
-the only valid way to know about somebody is to observe the…
3 Fundamental Ideas... 1. Empiricism: all…
-the structure of reality determines the structure of the min…
20 terms
Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning by
Operant Conditioning by
Social Learning by
Classical Conditioning experiment
John B. Watson... Verified Ivan Pavlov's salivation experiment
B.F Skinner
Albert Bandura
Little baby Albert
Classical Conditioning by
John B. Watson... Verified Ivan Pavlov's salivation experiment
Operant Conditioning by
B.F Skinner
16 terms
Learning Perspective
Social-cognitive theory
Reciprocal determinism
Person variables
Expectancies
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational…
Bandura's term for the social-cognitive view that people infl…
Factors within the person, such as expectancies and competenc…
Personal predictions about the outcomes of potential behaviors.
Social-cognitive theory
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational…
Reciprocal determinism
Bandura's term for the social-cognitive view that people infl…
40 terms
Learning perspective
discrimination
Generalization
Extinction
Emotional conditioning
differential responding between classes of stimuli
Experience of a less intense CR to classes of stimuli similar…
Gradual weakening of CR in response to presentation of CS wit…
Situation of classical conditioning in which the conditioned…
discrimination
differential responding between classes of stimuli
Generalization
Experience of a less intense CR to classes of stimuli similar…
52 terms
Learning perspective
Primary determinants of behaviour lie in
Humans are hedonistic meaning,
Behaviour is learned by building up of
Behaviour changes as a result of
Situational conditions
They seek to obtain pleasure and to avoid pain
Associations
Experience and it does so in ways that are lawful and predict…
Primary determinants of behaviour lie in
Situational conditions
Humans are hedonistic meaning,
They seek to obtain pleasure and to avoid pain
The Learning Perspective
Behaviour Modification
Behavioural Assessment
Classical Conditioning
Conditioned Stimulus
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behaviour.
The pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
A neutral stimulus that's paired with an unconditioned stimul…
Behaviour Modification
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
Behavioural Assessment
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behaviour.
23 terms
Learning Perspective
assumption of learning perspective
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
Skinner Box
learning processes are universal and since animals learn thro…
also called Pavlovian; associating one stimulus with another,…
B.F. Skinner, also called instrumental; frequency of response…
Operant conditioning chamber; laboratory apparatus used to st…
assumption of learning perspective
learning processes are universal and since animals learn thro…
classical conditioning
also called Pavlovian; associating one stimulus with another,…
21 terms
The learning perspective
Central assumption of the learning per…
Two types of conditioning
Classical Conditioning
discrimination
That the experiences of life change us, in lawful and predict…
1. Classical Conditioning.... 2. Pavlovian conditioning
- the organism must already respond to some class of stimuli.…
telling things apart, responding differently to different sti…
Central assumption of the learning per…
That the experiences of life change us, in lawful and predict…
Two types of conditioning
1. Classical Conditioning.... 2. Pavlovian conditioning
8 terms
Learning Perspective
What is learning theory?
what do learning theories consist of?
what are some methods in learning theo…
what is classical conditioning?
Any of the proposals put forth to explain changes in behaviou…
Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences that combi…
Classical conditioning, Instrumental conditioning, Chaining,…
Classical conditioning involves learning to associate an unco…
What is learning theory?
Any of the proposals put forth to explain changes in behaviou…
what do learning theories consist of?
Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences that combi…
42 terms
The Learning Perspective
Behavior modification/behavior therapy
Behavioral assessment
Classical conditioning
Conditioned/Conditioned stimulus (CS)
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning process are used…
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior.
The pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
A neutral stimulus that's paired a US to become conditioned.
Behavior modification/behavior therapy
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning process are used…
Behavioral assessment
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior.
13 terms
Perspectives of Learning
Ivan Pavlov's Classic Experiment [Beha…
Thorndike [Behaviorist Approach]
Skinner [Behaviorist Approach]
Pressey [Behaviorist Approach]
[Classical Conditioning Experiment]... Dog-Bell Leads To Saliva…
[The Law of Effect] ... Behavior which has pleasant consequence…
[Programmed Learning]... Small steps... Child gets many opportunit…
[Teaching Machines]... MCQ on computers... Wrong answer, given cha…
Ivan Pavlov's Classic Experiment [Beha…
[Classical Conditioning Experiment]... Dog-Bell Leads To Saliva…
Thorndike [Behaviorist Approach]
[The Law of Effect] ... Behavior which has pleasant consequence…
53 terms
learning perspective (behaviorism)
basic assumptions
"Tabula Rasa"
classical conditioning ... (learning by a…
food... (UCS)... (unconditional stimulant)
psychology should deal with only things that can be observed…
-blank state... -a person in born neither goog or bad... -all behav…
food ... bell & food ... bell
salivation... (UCR)
basic assumptions
psychology should deal with only things that can be observed…
"Tabula Rasa"
-blank state... -a person in born neither goog or bad... -all behav…
7 terms
Learning/Mechanistic Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
presenting a positive stimulus (candy, stickers, praise)
Removing negative stimulus (no homework/test)
Classical Conditioning
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
22 terms
Psych Learning Perspective
Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner
Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
4 aspects of classical conditioning
Important behaviorists
A basic kind of learning that involves associations between e…
Who discovered classical conditioning?
UCS, UCR, CS, CR
Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner
Important behaviorists
Conditioning
A basic kind of learning that involves associations between e…
44 terms
Chapter 10 Learning Perspective
Behavior modification or behavior ther…
Behavioral assessment
Classical conditioning
Conditioned or conditional stimulus (CS)
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior.
The pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
A neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become conditio…
Behavior modification or behavior ther…
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
Behavioral assessment
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior.
35 terms
Chapter 10 Learning Perspective
behavior modification
behavioral assessment
classical conditioning
conditioned stimulus (CS)
the changing of behavior therapeutically through conditioning…
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
a neutral stimulus thats paired with a US to become conditioned
behavior modification
the changing of behavior therapeutically through conditioning…
behavioral assessment
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
19 terms
Perspectives on learning
Learning
Basic research
Applied research
Quantitative
Long term change, mental, aquired via experience
Laboratory, controlled
Case study, real world
Measured via #
Learning
Long term change, mental, aquired via experience
Basic research
Laboratory, controlled
44 terms
chapter 10 the learning perspective
Classical conditioning
Pavlov's dog
intensity of CR compared to UR
the ________ the frequency of CS-US pa…
response acquired by associating one stimulus with another
dogs salivate when they eat food, Pavlov conditioned his dog…
generally less intense, very similar but slightly different,…
greater, "practice makes perfect"
Classical conditioning
response acquired by associating one stimulus with another
Pavlov's dog
dogs salivate when they eat food, Pavlov conditioned his dog…
28 terms
Learning (behaviorist perspective)
Ivan Pavlov
Reflex
Unconditioned Stimulus
Neutral Stimulus
Famous for naming and describing the process of classical con…
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
A stimulus that elicits an unconditioned response (food [US]…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no respons…
Ivan Pavlov
Famous for naming and describing the process of classical con…
Reflex
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
47 terms
Ch. 10 The Learning Perspective
behavior modification or behavior ther…
behavior assessment
classical conditioning
conditioned or conditional stimulus
a therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
(CS) A neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become con…
behavior modification or behavior ther…
a therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
behavior assessment
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
41 terms
8 - The Learning Perspective
Behaviour modification or Behaviour th…
Behavioural assessment
Classical conditioning
Conditioned or conditional stimulus (CS)
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behaviour
The pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
A neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become conditio…
Behaviour modification or Behaviour th…
A therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
Behavioural assessment
An assessment made by observing a person's overt behaviour
33 terms
Chapter 10 - The Learning Perspective
classical condition
reflex
elements of classical conditioning
generalization
association of one stimulus with another; Pavlovian condition…
existing connection between a stimulus and a response
unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned s…
responding in a similar way to similar-but-not-identical stim…
classical condition
association of one stimulus with another; Pavlovian condition…
reflex
existing connection between a stimulus and a response
16 terms
The Learning Perspective~ Behaviourism
Learning Perspective
Behaviourism
Pavlovian (Classical) Conditioning
Discrimination
the idea that life experiences change people, and personality…
a learning theory piloted by B.F Skinner and Watson, which fo…
suggests that a behavioural response is acquired by associati…
the ability to differentiate between stimuli, and recognize t…
Learning Perspective
the idea that life experiences change people, and personality…
Behaviourism
a learning theory piloted by B.F Skinner and Watson, which fo…
38 terms
13. Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Issues Affecting Classical Conditioning
Additional Issues in Classical Condit…
Discrimination (Classical Conditioning)
Pavlovian Conditioning... Response acquired by associating one s…
-Conditioned response (CR) is generally less intense than the…
Discrimination... Generalization... Extinction
differential responding between classes of stimuli
Classical Conditioning
Pavlovian Conditioning... Response acquired by associating one s…
Issues Affecting Classical Conditioning
-Conditioned response (CR) is generally less intense than the…
16 terms
Learning and Human perspective
Social cognitive theory
Reciprocal determinism
Person variables
Expectancies
Cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational l…
Term for social cognitive view that people influence their en…
Individual factors that influence behavior
Personal prediction about possible outcomes of behavior
Social cognitive theory
Cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational l…
Reciprocal determinism
Term for social cognitive view that people influence their en…
16 terms
Learning theory perspective
Social cognitive theory
Reciprocal determinism
Person variables
Expectancies
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which onservational…
Bandura's term for the social cognitive view that people infl…
Factors within the person such as expectancies and competenci…
Personal predictions about the outcomes of potential behaviors.
Social cognitive theory
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which onservational…
Reciprocal determinism
Bandura's term for the social cognitive view that people infl…
16 terms
Learning - Humanist perspective
Social cognitive theory
Reciprocal deteriminism
Persons values
Expectancies
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational…
Banduras term for the social-cognitive view that people influ…
Factors within the person, such as expectancies and competenc…
Personal predictions about the outcomes of potential behaviors.
Social cognitive theory
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational…
Reciprocal deteriminism
Banduras term for the social-cognitive view that people influ…
47 terms
Chapter 10: The Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Reflex
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
Unconditional Response (UR)
The paring of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus
An event in which a stimulus produces an automatic response
A stimulus that causes a reflexive response
A reflexive response to an unconditioned stimulus
Classical Conditioning
The paring of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus
Reflex
An event in which a stimulus produces an automatic response
37 terms
Behavioral Perspective of Learning
Pavlov
Thorndike
Law of effect
Watson
The father of classical conditioning.
The first American researcher to develop a theory of human le…
Proposed by Thorndike. States that if a behavior is followed…
The founder of behaviorism. Devised an experiment using an 11…
Pavlov
The father of classical conditioning.
Thorndike
The first American researcher to develop a theory of human le…
7 terms
Learning/Mechanistic Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
presenting a positive stimulus (candy, stickers, praise)
Removing negative stimulus (no homework/test)
Classical Conditioning
Pavlovian (neutral stimulus --> conditioned response)
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement (strengthen good behavior)/ Punishment (weaken…
33 terms
Cognitive Perspective of Learning
Cognitive Psychology
Two-store model of memory
Sensory register
Iconic storage register
Studies how people acquire, store, transform, use, and commun…
Developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin and has three components tha…
A temporary, large-capacity storage mechanism that holds info…
One of the two modality-specific stores in the sensory regist…
Cognitive Psychology
Studies how people acquire, store, transform, use, and commun…
Two-store model of memory
Developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin and has three components tha…
11 terms
Learning Perspective Key Players
Watson
Thorndike
Skinner
Rescorla
Behaviorism, Little Albert B experiment, wanted to study obse…
law of effect and exercise, cats in the puzzlebox, repeat beh…
operant conditioning, thought he could shape behavior, free w…
reliable signals, took 2 groups of rats; 1st: sound followed…
Watson
Behaviorism, Little Albert B experiment, wanted to study obse…
Thorndike
law of effect and exercise, cats in the puzzlebox, repeat beh…
12 terms
Learning and Behavioral Perspective
Extinction
Spontaneuous Recovery
Generalization
Discrimination
The diminishing of a conditioned response... Example: girl has f…
The reappearance after a pause of an extinguished conditioned…
For stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit sim…
Ability to distinguish between a CS and stimuli that do not s…
Extinction
The diminishing of a conditioned response... Example: girl has f…
Spontaneuous Recovery
The reappearance after a pause of an extinguished conditioned…
15 terms
Learning humanist perspective
Reciprocal determinism
Person variable
Expectancies
Subjective value
Social-cognitive view that people influence their environment…
Factors within the person such as expectancies and competenci…
Personal predictions about the outcome of potential behavior
Desirability of an object or event
Reciprocal determinism
Social-cognitive view that people influence their environment…
Person variable
Factors within the person such as expectancies and competenci…
27 terms
Cognitive Perspective of Learning
Cognitive perspective
Attention
Perception
Involuntary Attention
includes memory, thinking, decision-making, problem-solving
A conscious and selective focus on stimuli in the world to de…
a cognitive process that involves assigning meaning to newly…
Enforced (instinct) Spontaneous (sentiment)
Cognitive perspective
includes memory, thinking, decision-making, problem-solving
Attention
A conscious and selective focus on stimuli in the world to de…
22 terms
Chapter 10 The Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Issues Effecting Classical Conditioning
Additional Issues in Classical Conditi…
Emotional Conditioning
Pavlovian Conditioning... Response acquired by associating one s…
-Conditioned response (CR) is generally less intense than the…
-Discrimination—differential responding between classes of st…
-Situations of classical conditioning in which the conditione…
Classical Conditioning
Pavlovian Conditioning... Response acquired by associating one s…
Issues Effecting Classical Conditioning
-Conditioned response (CR) is generally less intense than the…
46 terms
Cognitive Perspective of Learning
Cognitive Psychology
Two-store model of memory
Sensory register
Iconic storage register
Studies how people acquire, store, transform, use, and commun…
Developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin and has three components tha…
A temporary, large-capacity storage mechanism that holds info…
One of the two modality-specific stores in the sensory regist…
Cognitive Psychology
Studies how people acquire, store, transform, use, and commun…
Two-store model of memory
Developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin and has three components tha…
11 terms
Social learning perspective - bandura
Role model
Increased imitation if...
More likely to imitate if...
Boys more likely to...
Who someone aspires to be like
Rewards are used
Low self esteem + concept
Copy physical behaviour
Role model
Who someone aspires to be like
Increased imitation if...
Rewards are used
16 terms
Learning Humanist Perspective
Social-cognitive theory
Reciprocal determinism
Person variables
Expectancies
Observational learning and person variables such as values an…
An influence in environment just as their environment influen…
Factors within the person, such as expectancies and competenc…
Personal predictions about the outcomes of potential behaviors
Social-cognitive theory
Observational learning and person variables such as values an…
Reciprocal determinism
An influence in environment just as their environment influen…
32 terms
Personality 10 - learning perspective
Basic tenets of behaviorism
Discrimination
Generalization
Extinction
things we cannot observe we cannot measure. need to make refe…
ability to distinguish between a CS and similar stimuli that…
the tendency once a response had been conditioned, for stimul…
the diminishing of a CR when after conditioning an US does no…
Basic tenets of behaviorism
things we cannot observe we cannot measure. need to make refe…
Discrimination
ability to distinguish between a CS and similar stimuli that…
13 terms
Chapter 10- The learning perspective
Behaviorism
Personality
Origins of Behaviorism
Thoughts and feelings viewed as
without reference to mental events... -sources of behavior: exte…
Seen as collection of learned experiences... -"Free will"--> is…
animal research... (what we learn from animals is believed to ap…
unobservable and unscientific... -reaction to "introspection" an…
Behaviorism
without reference to mental events... -sources of behavior: exte…
Personality
Seen as collection of learned experiences... -"Free will"--> is…
60 terms
Ch 10: The learning perspective
Classical conditioning
Basic elements of classical conditioni…
Basic elements of classical conditioni…
Basic elements of classical conditioni…
-pavlovian conditioning... -response acquired by associating one…
-existing reflex... -unconditioned stimulus lead to unconditiona…
-pairing of stimulus... -a neutral stimulus (controlled stimulus…
-the result is the development of a new response, termed a co…
Classical conditioning
-pavlovian conditioning... -response acquired by associating one…
Basic elements of classical conditioni…
-existing reflex... -unconditioned stimulus lead to unconditiona…
44 terms
Chapter 10: The Learning Perspective
behavior modification or behavior ther…
behavioral assessment
classical conditioning
conditioned or conditional stimulus (CS)
a therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimu…
a neutral stimulus that's paired with a US to become conditio…
behavior modification or behavior ther…
a therapeutic approach in which conditioning processes are us…
behavioral assessment
an assessment made by observing a person's overt behavior
58 terms
ch. 10 the learning perspective
learning perspective
classical conditioning
basic elements of classical conditioning
unconditioned/unconditional stimulus (…
personality is a reflection of all of the tendencies you've l…
associating one stimulus with another
an organism must already respond to some stimuli reflexively.…
situation before conditioning reflex exists
learning perspective
personality is a reflection of all of the tendencies you've l…
classical conditioning
associating one stimulus with another
16 terms
Learning humanist perspective
Social-cognitive theory
Reciprocal determinism
Person variables
Expectancies
Theory in which observational learning and person variables s…
Bandura's term for the social-cognitive view that people infl…
Factors within the person, such as expectancies and competenc…
Personal predictions about the outcomes of potential behaviors.
Social-cognitive theory
Theory in which observational learning and person variables s…
Reciprocal determinism
Bandura's term for the social-cognitive view that people infl…
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