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Study sets matching "learning theory"

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Study sets matching "learning theory"

72 terms
Learning Theory
Define learning
in psychology behaviors are described as
the environment or experience in learn…
does learning theory apply to behavior…
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a re…
responses
stimulus
no
Define learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a re…
in psychology behaviors are described as
responses
69 terms
Learning Theories
stress
eustress
distress
physiological responses to stress
the process by which we perceive and respond to retain events…
"good" stress that motivates you to continue working
suffering that affects the mind or body
secretion of cortisol (stress hormone), weakened immune syste…
stress
the process by which we perceive and respond to retain events…
eustress
"good" stress that motivates you to continue working
Learning theories
Bruner
Vygotsky
Lesley
Maslow
Spiral Curriculum
Zone of proximal development
Laughing Lesley....grumpy
Hierarchy of needs
Bruner
Spiral Curriculum
Vygotsky
Zone of proximal development
23 terms
Learning Theories
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
Howard Gardiner
Bloom's Taxonomy
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
Multiple Intelligences
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
34 terms
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning Traits
Operant Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
Learning through association of sounds, sights and emotions... -…
-INVOLUNTARY ... -doesn't respond to logic and reasoning ... -can b…
-VOLUNTARY ... -when behavior is followed by reinforcement, that…
discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
Classical Conditioning
Learning through association of sounds, sights and emotions... -…
Classical Conditioning Traits
-INVOLUNTARY ... -doesn't respond to logic and reasoning ... -can b…
20 terms
Learning theory
Generalization
discrimination
operant conditioning
B.F Skinner
responses elicited to a stimulus similar to the conditioned s…
being able to tell the difference between stimuli similar to CS
a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in incr…
everything we do is determined by our history of rewards and…
Generalization
responses elicited to a stimulus similar to the conditioned s…
discrimination
being able to tell the difference between stimuli similar to CS
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning Traits
Operant Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
Learning through association of sounds, sights and emotions... -…
-INVOLUNTARY ... -doesn't respond to logic and reasoning ... -can b…
-VOLUNTARY ... -when behavior is followed by reinforcement, that…
discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
Classical Conditioning
Learning through association of sounds, sights and emotions... -…
Classical Conditioning Traits
-INVOLUNTARY ... -doesn't respond to logic and reasoning ... -can b…
Learning Theories
Learning
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Cognitive Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
Conditioning in which an increase or decrease in the probabil…
Acquiring new behaviors and information through observation a…
Learning
The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
Classical conditioning
Learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipat…
41 terms
Learning Theory
When would short-term goals be necessa…
Considerations for designing a variety…
2 Basic Learning Theories
Behavioral Learning Theory
- If the person cannot quite see the endpoint of the training…
- HOW student LEARNS best... - Which areas student will ENJOY mo…
1. Behavioral... 2. Cognitive
Learning results in OBSERVABLE CHANGES in the behavior of a p…
When would short-term goals be necessa…
- If the person cannot quite see the endpoint of the training…
Considerations for designing a variety…
- HOW student LEARNS best... - Which areas student will ENJOY mo…
35 terms
learning theory
Classical Conditioning
Operant
UCS
UCR
powerful form of learning involving an association between a…
rewards and punishments strengthen responses and learning
causes an unconditioned response
reflexive response to UCS
Classical Conditioning
powerful form of learning involving an association between a…
Operant
rewards and punishments strengthen responses and learning
58 terms
Learning Theory
Positive
Negative
Reinforcer
Punisher
Adding something to the environment; giving something presuma…
Taking something away from the environment; removing somethin…
Something that strengthens the likelihood a behavior will rep…
Something that diminishes the likelihood a behavior will repe…
Positive
Adding something to the environment; giving something presuma…
Negative
Taking something away from the environment; removing somethin…
41 terms
Learning Theory
Differential attention
Planned ignoring
Labeled praise
Effects of reinforcements on behavior
Positive reinforcement for "good" response and ignoring of in…
A procedure for implementing time-out in which social reinfor…
Tells the child what behavior you want to see more of. Increa…
The farther apart the stimulus and instrumental behavior, the…
Differential attention
Positive reinforcement for "good" response and ignoring of in…
Planned ignoring
A procedure for implementing time-out in which social reinfor…
90 terms
Learning theory
The quotation, "Change is the only con…
Darwin was notably influenced by the b…
Modal action patterns are induced by e…
According to our text, the chief advan…
Lucretius
Thomas Malthus.
releasers
is faster
The quotation, "Change is the only con…
Lucretius
Darwin was notably influenced by the b…
Thomas Malthus.
23 terms
Learning Theories
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
Howard Gardiner
Bloom's Taxonomy
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
Multiple Intelligences
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
108 terms
Learning Theories
Faded overt self-guidance
Cognitive modeling
Goals
Connectionism
When a child whispers instruction while performing a task
When an adult tells a child what to do while the adult perfor…
A central feature of purposive behaviorism
Thorndike's theory of learning
Faded overt self-guidance
When a child whispers instruction while performing a task
Cognitive modeling
When an adult tells a child what to do while the adult perfor…
182 terms
Theories of Learning
Individual Differences
Personality traits
Behavioral Dimension
Trait Dimension
observation that people differ in a variety of ways
internally based psychological characteristics that often cor…
Continuum of behavior analogous to a yardstick
Internal representation of a behavioral dimension
Individual Differences
observation that people differ in a variety of ways
Personality traits
internally based psychological characteristics that often cor…
10 terms
Learning Theory
Distinguished by a reflexive response…
A central principle of the psychodynam…
Acquisition is a subcategory of what f…
Kyle is a notoriously bad and careless…
A) Associative learning. Obviously the hippocampus can play a…
A) The main principle of psychodynamic theory is: behavior ma…
C) Classical conditioning. Acquisition is the conditioned res…
D) Shaping is rewarding closer approximations of the desired…
Distinguished by a reflexive response…
A) Associative learning. Obviously the hippocampus can play a…
A central principle of the psychodynam…
A) The main principle of psychodynamic theory is: behavior ma…
12 terms
Learning Theories
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
Behaviourism
Cognitivism
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
based on stimulus-response
information processing
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Metacognition
awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes
36 terms
Learning Theory Matrix
In the Behaviorist Theory: ... How does l…
In the Behaviorist Theory: ... What facto…
In the Behaviorist Theory:... What is the…
In the Behaviorist Theory: ... How does t…
Observable behaviors and responses we can see. (Laureate, 200…
Stimulus. ... Reward & Punishment. (Standridge, 2001)... "Environme…
Behavior is directed by stimuli. It is a study of actions not…
Operant Conditioning. ... Response to stimuli in the environment…
In the Behaviorist Theory: ... How does l…
Observable behaviors and responses we can see. (Laureate, 200…
In the Behaviorist Theory: ... What facto…
Stimulus. ... Reward & Punishment. (Standridge, 2001)... "Environme…
23 terms
learning theories
phrenology
Cesare Lombroso ATAVISM
Constitutional theories
endomorph
the shape of the human skull was indicative of the personalit…
throwback to a more primitive biological state... he was a physi…
body types and crime (sheldon)... -endomorph: soft and rand: soc…
soft and round... sociable and relax
phrenology
the shape of the human skull was indicative of the personalit…
Cesare Lombroso ATAVISM
throwback to a more primitive biological state... he was a physi…
32 terms
theory- learning theories
stimulus response
trial and error
imitation for client
positive reinforcemnt
behaviorism
behaviorism
behaviorism
behaviorism
stimulus response
behaviorism
trial and error
behaviorism
100 terms
Learning Theory
Associative learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
learning yhat certain events occur together
when you learn to link two or more stimuli and anticipate eve…
one that unconditionally, naturally, and automatically trigge…
unlearned response that occurs naturally in reaction to the u…
Associative learning
learning yhat certain events occur together
classical conditioning
when you learn to link two or more stimuli and anticipate eve…
54 terms
Learning Theory
Operant Conditioning
Thorndike's Law of Effect
BF Skinner
Reinforcements
making associations that relate to *connecting behaviors with…
if the *consequence of some behavior is pleasant the organism…
-radical behaviorist (though inner states were inaccessible…
strengthen behavior
Operant Conditioning
making associations that relate to *connecting behaviors with…
Thorndike's Law of Effect
if the *consequence of some behavior is pleasant the organism…
168 terms
Learning theory
Rewarding for good behavior; punishing…
Take something with a natural response…
monkey see- monkey do
Untrained cause
What is operant conditioning?
What is classical conditioning?
What is observational learning?
What is unconditioned stimulus?
Rewarding for good behavior; punishing…
What is operant conditioning?
Take something with a natural response…
What is classical conditioning?
11 terms
Learning Theory
Basic Assumptions
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
All born as a blank slate with a predisposition to learn; pri…
Learning through consequence
Adding something in return for an action
Taking something away in return for an action
Basic Assumptions
All born as a blank slate with a predisposition to learn; pri…
Operant Conditioning
Learning through consequence
49 terms
Learning theory
Classical conditioning
Ivan pavlov
Unconditioned response
Unconditioned stimulus
stimuli that are not control are association and response is…
studied digestive system; first Russian Nobel prize... Demonstra…
an unlearned, naturally occurring response to an unconditione…
a stimulus that unconditionally-naturally and response
Classical conditioning
stimuli that are not control are association and response is…
Ivan pavlov
studied digestive system; first Russian Nobel prize... Demonstra…
33 terms
Learning Theory
Learning
Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
Unconditioned Stimulus (unlearned)
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
View of psych. 1) should be an objective science that 2) stud…
A type of learning in which one learns to link 2 or more stim…
classical conditioning; a stimulus that unconditionally natur…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Behaviorism
View of psych. 1) should be an objective science that 2) stud…
50 terms
Learning Theory
Learning is defined as
Classical Conditioning is also called
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
A relatively permanent change in behavior that is not due to…
Respondent conditioning and Pavlovian Conditioning
a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedl…
(1849 - 1936)... Russian Psychologist... 1. Food > Salivation... (Refl…
Learning is defined as
A relatively permanent change in behavior that is not due to…
Classical Conditioning is also called
Respondent conditioning and Pavlovian Conditioning
14 terms
Learning theory
learning theory
Social Behavioral Perspective/ Learnin…
Social behavioral perspective Learning…
Social Behavioral Perspective Learning…
learn positive behavior then you can unlearn negative behavior
Focuses on individual group members rather than the entire gr…
conceptualizes the social environment in terms of stimulus->…
provide a framework for understanding how behavior develops
learning theory
learn positive behavior then you can unlearn negative behavior
Social Behavioral Perspective/ Learnin…
Focuses on individual group members rather than the entire gr…
Learning Theory
psychologist
Proposal
proposal
Classical conditioning- associations…
Dollard and Miller
we learn to develop attachments
emphasises the importance of the caregiver as the provider of…
Unconditioned stimulus- food/ milk ... Unconditional response-…
psychologist
Dollard and Miller
Proposal
we learn to develop attachments
12 terms
Learning theory
Classical conditioning
Pavlov and his dogs
Skinner's pigeons
Operant conditioning
involves learning to associate two stimuli together so that w…
Two conditions where he saw when food was presented to dogs t…
...
Learning through rewards and punishments. positive reinforcer…
Classical conditioning
involves learning to associate two stimuli together so that w…
Pavlov and his dogs
Two conditions where he saw when food was presented to dogs t…
5 terms
Learning theory
classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
primary reinforcer
secondary reinforcer
-attachment is formed partly due to learning through associat…
-operant conditioning is learning through reinforcement of be…
food
feeder/caregiver
classical conditioning
-attachment is formed partly due to learning through associat…
Operant conditioning
-operant conditioning is learning through reinforcement of be…
23 terms
Learning Theory
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Dollars and Millard (1950)
Strengths
According to the learning theory babies have to LEARN to form…
A baby learns to form an attachment with the mother through t…
Attachment is a set of learned behaviours... The basis is the pr…
Explains learning through association and reinforcement but f…
Classical conditioning
According to the learning theory babies have to LEARN to form…
Operant conditioning
A baby learns to form an attachment with the mother through t…
35 terms
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
Associative Learning
Behaviorism
Unconditioned Stimulus
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
the view that psychology should be an objective science that…
a stimulus that unconditionally-naturally and automatically-t…
Classical Conditioning
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
14 terms
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
Generalization
Discrimination
Operant conditioning
Created by Pavlov. ... You ring a bell before giving a dog food.…
tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar respon…
Only responding to the conditioned stimulus
Created by Edward Thorndike. Making connections between behav…
Classical Conditioning
Created by Pavlov. ... You ring a bell before giving a dog food.…
Generalization
tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar respon…
23 terms
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
stimulus
response
unconditioned stimulus
A form of learning in which reflex responses are associated w…
something that produces a response in a person or animal
reaction to the stimulus
action that causes an automatic - instinctive, not learned -…
Classical Conditioning
A form of learning in which reflex responses are associated w…
stimulus
something that produces a response in a person or animal
23 terms
Learning theory
Aversive conditioning
Escape
Avoidance
If aversive stimulus is inevitable
Punishment as an aversive stimulus
Respond to stop aversive stimulus
Stop aversive stimulus starting
No learning is shown
Aversive conditioning
Punishment as an aversive stimulus
Escape
Respond to stop aversive stimulus
71 terms
Learning Theory
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
John Watson
Reflexes
Learn new responses when things are connected or paired... Focus…
Classical conditioning; Dog experiment
Classical conditioning; (Little Albert)
Links between stimuli and responses
Classical Conditioning
Learn new responses when things are connected or paired... Focus…
Ivan Pavlov
Classical conditioning; Dog experiment
13 terms
Learning Theory
Learning Theory
Classical Cond. Dollard and Miller
Classical Cond. Dollard and Miller
Classical Cond study; Ivon Pavlov - 1905
Attachment is a learned process. Interaction between mother a…
Conditioning based on stimulus & response. Stimulus is anuthi…
The stimulus a person has to a response is an unconditioned s…
When dog sees food, saliva will be produced from tounge. Food…
Learning Theory
Attachment is a learned process. Interaction between mother a…
Classical Cond. Dollard and Miller
Conditioning based on stimulus & response. Stimulus is anuthi…
9 terms
Learning theory
Cupboard love
Operant conditioning
Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
Children learn to live who give them food from the cupboard
Learning through reinforcement
Rewards a behaviour
Takes away negative outcome as effect of behaviour
Cupboard love
Children learn to live who give them food from the cupboard
Operant conditioning
Learning through reinforcement
54 terms
learning theory
acquisition
antecedents
avoidance learning
behavioral contract
synonym of learning/gaining knowledge
something that precedes a phenomenon
subject learns to respond to avoid a stimulus
a contract is developed by family of patient that provides re…
acquisition
synonym of learning/gaining knowledge
antecedents
something that precedes a phenomenon
43 terms
Learning Theory
classical conditioning
learning
stimulus
response
the type of learning where the stimulus gains power to cause…
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience
anything in the environment that one can respond
any behavior or action
classical conditioning
the type of learning where the stimulus gains power to cause…
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience
14 terms
Learning Theory
Aversive conditoning
Escape
Avoidance
Learned Helplessness
punishment as an aversive stimulus- makes the response less l…
Respond to stop aversive stimulus
Stop aversive stimulus starting
1. Group 1 (executive): can control the shock source- shows a…
Aversive conditoning
punishment as an aversive stimulus- makes the response less l…
Escape
Respond to stop aversive stimulus
26 terms
Learning theory
Types of learning theory
Learning vs. Maturation
Behavior, Environment
Classical conditioning
Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Social learning…
Learning-a change in behavior that occurs from a result of ex…
Behavior=Response, essentially any output of human function…
PAVLOV conditioning, associative learning and respondent cond…
Types of learning theory
Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Social learning…
Learning vs. Maturation
Learning-a change in behavior that occurs from a result of ex…
18 terms
Learning Theory
Learning
Stimulus
Response
Motivation
Aquisition, modification, and elimination of behaviors and re…
Any cue, which can be either an internal or external event
Behavior that occurs in association with a stimulus... Response…
Provided by innate or primary needs (like hunger) that cause…
Learning
Aquisition, modification, and elimination of behaviors and re…
Stimulus
Any cue, which can be either an internal or external event
17 terms
Learning Theory
Bandura
Reciprocal determinism
personal factors
behavioural factors
personal development is the result of man as an active player…
behaviour + personal factors + environment
individuals cognitions; emotions and biological variables
motor responses; verbal responses and social interactions
Bandura
personal development is the result of man as an active player…
Reciprocal determinism
behaviour + personal factors + environment
22 terms
Learning theory
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned stimulus
Unconditioned response
Conditioned stimulus
Stimulus that, before conditioning, does not elicit a particu…
Event that automatically produces a response
Reaction automatically produced when UCS is presented
Previously the NS
Neutral Stimulus
Stimulus that, before conditioning, does not elicit a particu…
Unconditioned stimulus
Event that automatically produces a response
28 terms
Learning Theory
Natural Contingency
Constructed Contingency
Random Contingency
Token Contingency
consequence that cannot be avoided... laws of life... naturally fol…
"If you eat all your dinner, you can have a treat."... some outs…
no linkage between behavior and what happens next
hybrid between constructed and natural... constructed to represe…
Natural Contingency
consequence that cannot be avoided... laws of life... naturally fol…
Constructed Contingency
"If you eat all your dinner, you can have a treat."... some outs…
42 terms
Learning Theories
Zone of Proximal Development
Scaffolding
Schema
Assimilation
Range of student learning when they are engaged in meaningful…
Teachers support student learning by guiding them from what t…
The way a student organizes their perceptions of the world
Adding new information into existing schemas
Zone of Proximal Development
Range of student learning when they are engaged in meaningful…
Scaffolding
Teachers support student learning by guiding them from what t…
Theories of Learning
Constructivism
Zone of Proximal Development
Discovery Learning
Experiential Learning
-Students should "construct" their own understanding of the w…
Social Learning... Lev Vygotsky... -students learn best when an adu…
Inquiry based learning and is considered a constructivist bas…
Social and constructivist theories but situate EXPERIENCE at…
Constructivism
-Students should "construct" their own understanding of the w…
Zone of Proximal Development
Social Learning... Lev Vygotsky... -students learn best when an adu…
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