How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "legal chapter 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "legal chapter 3"

13 terms
Legal Analysis-Chapter 3
Statutory Law
Statutory Analysis
Short Title
Purpose Clause
Laws or ordinances passed by the legislature or any governing…
The process of determining how a law applies to facts in a ca…
The name by which a statute is known.
The stated purpose of a statute that describes the legislatur…
Statutory Law
Laws or ordinances passed by the legislature or any governing…
Statutory Analysis
The process of determining how a law applies to facts in a ca…
11 terms
Chapter 3 vocabulary (Legal)
Discovery
Redact
Intererrogatories
Verification
The process by which information and facts of a case are obta…
The process of deleting or blacking out personal information…
Written questions about a case submitted by one side of the l…
A statement made under oath as to the correctness and truthfu…
Discovery
The process by which information and facts of a case are obta…
Redact
The process of deleting or blacking out personal information…
42 terms
Legal - Chapter 3
judiciary
adjudicate disputes
judicial review
state courts
a collection of federal and state courts existing primarily t…
courts interpret and apply the rules of law and principles of…
some courts review decisions of lower courts and the actions…
adjudicate matters dealing primarily with cases arising from…
judiciary
a collection of federal and state courts existing primarily t…
adjudicate disputes
courts interpret and apply the rules of law and principles of…
14 terms
Legal Chapter 3
To start a case you need...
NY Court system
Trial courts of limited jurisdiction
Trial courts of general jurisdiction
A cause of action along with in personam jurisdiction and sub…
Lowest --> Highest... -Trial courts of limited jurisdiction... -Tri…
*Hears claims up to $5,000... -Small claims: ... -Justice of the pe…
-Supreme court... -Surrogates court: Adoption... -Family court: chi…
To start a case you need...
A cause of action along with in personam jurisdiction and sub…
NY Court system
Lowest --> Highest... -Trial courts of limited jurisdiction... -Tri…
9 terms
Legal Chapter 3
Structural Protection
Express Rights
Freedom of Religion
Interstate Trade and Commerce
...
...
...
...
Structural Protection
...
Express Rights
...
8 terms
Legal Chapter 3
Plaintiff
Defendant
Remand
Venue
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a c…
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
The location where the case is being held
Plaintiff
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
Defendant
an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a c…
57 terms
Legal Term Chapter 3
ad damnun
affiant
affidavit
allege
the clause in the complaint stating the damages claimed by th…
a person who signs an affidavit AKA deponent
a written statement sworn to under oath before a notary publi…
to make an allegation; to assert positively
ad damnun
the clause in the complaint stating the damages claimed by th…
affiant
a person who signs an affidavit AKA deponent
Legal Terms Chapter 3
Discovery
Redact
Interrogatories
Verification
information and facts are obtained before trial. Discovery do…
Deleting or blocking information and sensitive data from a do…
Written questions about a case submitted by one side of the l…
statement made under oath as to the correctness and truthfuln…
Discovery
information and facts are obtained before trial. Discovery do…
Redact
Deleting or blocking information and sensitive data from a do…
39 terms
legal chapter 3
affidavit
affirmative defense
answer
brief
A written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
Procedurally, a defendant's response to the plaintiff's compl…
A formal legal document submitted by the attorney for the app…
affidavit
A written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
affirmative defense
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
11 terms
Legal Chapter 3
Bicameral Parliment
House of Representatives
Senate
Legislative assembly
A parliment containing two chambers or houses of parliment
The loser house in federal parliament
The upper house in federal parliament
The lower house in the NSW parliament
Bicameral Parliment
A parliment containing two chambers or houses of parliment
House of Representatives
The loser house in federal parliament
15 terms
Legal Chapter 3 Vocab
Appeal
Appellate court
Courts of appeal
Diversity of citizenship
the right of the litigation parties to have the legal decisio…
a court that decides whether a trial judge has made a mistake…
a court that reviews decisions by lower courts
the plaintiffs filing a lawsuit must be from states different…
Appeal
the right of the litigation parties to have the legal decisio…
Appellate court
a court that decides whether a trial judge has made a mistake…
8 terms
Legal chapter 3
Arbitration (62)
Arbitrator (62)
Award (66)
Litigation (60)
A formal method of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Requ…
Neautral 3rd party or panel of experts
This is an arbotrator's final decision.
The process of resolving a dispute through the court system.
Arbitration (62)
A formal method of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Requ…
Arbitrator (62)
Neautral 3rd party or panel of experts
21 terms
Legal Terms Chapter 3
Balance of Probabilities
Beyond Reasonable Doubt
Burden of Proof
Civil Jurisdiction
The standard of proof required in a civil case in order for a…
The standard of proof required in a criminal case in order fo…
The responsibility of a party to prove a case in court
The power of a court to hear matters involving disputes betwe…
Balance of Probabilities
The standard of proof required in a civil case in order for a…
Beyond Reasonable Doubt
The standard of proof required in a criminal case in order fo…
9 terms
Chapter 3: Legal Issues
Accommodation
Adverse effect (indirect) discrimination
Adverse impact
Bona fide occupational requirement (BF…
The duty of an employer to put in place modifications to disc…
Refers to a situation where an employer, in good faith, adopt…
Occurs when the selection rate for a protected group is lower…
A procedure used to defend a discriminatory employment practi…
Accommodation
The duty of an employer to put in place modifications to disc…
Adverse effect (indirect) discrimination
Refers to a situation where an employer, in good faith, adopt…
Chapter 3, Legal Terminology
Civil action
Litigation
Litigants
Plaintiff
Two or more people are in a dispute and can't resolve it them…
A suit at law, court action.
Parties to a lawsuit.
Person who brings the suit.
Civil action
Two or more people are in a dispute and can't resolve it them…
Litigation
A suit at law, court action.
50 terms
Legal chapter 3
Role of the police
When a crime is reported police invest…
Police & crime prevention, police help…
PORT public order response team
-Serve the community & the law... -protect life & property... -prev…
-talk to any victims or witnesses... -question possible suspects…
-patrolling (by foot or car)... -education campaigns/advertising…
Aims to restore and maintain order in the community. It's mem…
Role of the police
-Serve the community & the law... -protect life & property... -prev…
When a crime is reported police invest…
-talk to any victims or witnesses... -question possible suspects…
17 terms
Legal Term Chapter 3
Which amendment protects people from u…
A law that makes an act a crime that w…
Which amendment protects the right to…
Writ of habeas corpus is a court order…
Fourth Amendment
ex post facto law
Eighth
True
Which amendment protects people from u…
Fourth Amendment
A law that makes an act a crime that w…
ex post facto law
13 terms
Legal Chapter 3 Vocab
Petit Jury
Subject matter jurisdiction
Trial court
appellate court
the trial jury that returns a verdict in criminal and civil c…
the power over the issues involved in the case
lawsuits begin at this level of court
lawsuits are reviewed at this level of court
Petit Jury
the trial jury that returns a verdict in criminal and civil c…
Subject matter jurisdiction
the power over the issues involved in the case
16 terms
Legal Chapter 3
petit jury
trial court
appellate court
subject matter jurisdiction
the trial jury that returns a verdict in both criminal and ci…
initial court in which a case would take place
court level following an appeal from either party
the power over the issues involved in the case
petit jury
the trial jury that returns a verdict in both criminal and ci…
trial court
initial court in which a case would take place
15 terms
Legal Issues Chapter 3
scarcity
defeasible estate
fee simple absolute
tenancy in common
illustrates the law of supply and demand
a qualified fee simple estate
the highest and best form of real property ownership
property as joint tenants
scarcity
illustrates the law of supply and demand
defeasible estate
a qualified fee simple estate
26 terms
Legal Frameworks Chapter 3
District Courts
Courts of Appeals
The Supreme Court
Special Courts
Trial courts of general jurisdiction that can hear and decide…
Hear appeals from the district courts and review orders of ce…
The nations highest court, whose principal function is to rev…
Have jurisdiction over cases in a particular area of Federal…
District Courts
Trial courts of general jurisdiction that can hear and decide…
Courts of Appeals
Hear appeals from the district courts and review orders of ce…
23 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Appellate Court
Arbitration
Circuit Court of Appeals
Comity
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court o…
the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute ( an independent…
The eleven numbered circuits and the D.C. Circuit are geograp…
courtesy and considerate behavior toward others.
Appellate Court
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court o…
Arbitration
the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute ( an independent…
34 terms
Chapter 3 - Legal and Ethical
Ethics
Laws
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)
Minimum Data Set (MDS)
The knowledge of right and wrong.
Rules set by the government to help people live peacefully to…
Law passed by the federal government that includes minimum st…
A detailed form of guidelines for assessing residents in long…
Ethics
The knowledge of right and wrong.
Laws
Rules set by the government to help people live peacefully to…
51 terms
Chapter 3 : Legal Professions (Legal English)
Action
Adjective law
Advocacy
Appeal
Poursuites
Procédure
Plaidoirie
Appel
Action
Poursuites
Adjective law
Procédure
22 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Judges
Justices
Jurors
Petit Jury
- Trial court... - Facts of a case that are ruled on and determ…
- appellate (reviewing) courts... - Do not deal with facts... - O…
- Fact-finding body... - Trial-by-jury is a constitutional right…
- Trial jury that returns a verdict in criminal and civil sit…
Judges
- Trial court... - Facts of a case that are ruled on and determ…
Justices
- appellate (reviewing) courts... - Do not deal with facts... - O…
47 terms
Legal Terminology Chapter 3
ad damnum
affiant / deponent
affidavit
allegation / averments
the clause in the complaint stating the damages claimed by th…
a person who signs a affidavit
a written statement sworn to under oath, before a notary publ…
claims that the party making it expects to prove
ad damnum
the clause in the complaint stating the damages claimed by th…
affiant / deponent
a person who signs a affidavit
Legal studies chapter 3
petit jury
trial court
appellate courts
appeal
trial jury that returns a verdict for criminal and civil cases
first court to hear a case
court of appeals
parties want their case reviewed by a higher court
petit jury
trial jury that returns a verdict for criminal and civil cases
trial court
first court to hear a case
45 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Substantive Criminal Law
Felonies
Misdemeanors
Civil Infractions
Defines acts that are subject to punishment and specifies the…
Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of death or of inca…
Offenses less serious than felonies and usually punishable by…
Minor offenses that are typically punishable by small fines a…
Substantive Criminal Law
Defines acts that are subject to punishment and specifies the…
Felonies
Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of death or of inca…
33 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Court
Judiciary
State Courts
Federal Courts
A judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and dete…
A collection of federal and state courts existing primarily t…
Courts with adjudicate matters dealing primarily with cases a…
Courts that adjudicate matters dealing primarily with nationa…
Court
A judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and dete…
Judiciary
A collection of federal and state courts existing primarily t…
13 terms
Legal chapter 3 glossary
Bail
Charge
Custodial sentence
Denunciate
The procedure that enables accused people to be released from…
When the police formally allege that a person has committed a…
A sentence where the offender is detained in custody (in pris…
When a court shows disapproval
Bail
The procedure that enables accused people to be released from…
Charge
When the police formally allege that a person has committed a…
37 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Fixed Fees
Hourly Rates
Contingency Fees
What are the steps in pre-trial?
Fees that are set for certain types of law work ... Ex. will dra…
Fixed rates charged hourly for work done, usually trial or de…
Fees that are collected if your client wins a case. Capped in…
1. Pleadings ... 2. Pretrial motions ... 3. Discovery ... 4. Pretrial…
Fixed Fees
Fees that are set for certain types of law work ... Ex. will dra…
Hourly Rates
Fixed rates charged hourly for work done, usually trial or de…
77 terms
Legal Business Chapter 3
To reduce caseload for courts
Federal Rules of Civil Procedures II
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Alternative to traditional litigation
Why do we use arbitration?
allows for discipline sanctions against lawyers and litigants…
What does ADR stand for?
What is ADR used for?
To reduce caseload for courts
Why do we use arbitration?
Federal Rules of Civil Procedures II
allows for discipline sanctions against lawyers and litigants…
19 terms
Chapter 3. Legal Studies
accesory
accident
actus reus
assault
a person who is not present at the time of the crime but assi…
an unexpected result result of an act that was done with no i…
a wrongful act; the physical act constituting a crime
any action that places another individual in fear of violence
accesory
a person who is not present at the time of the crime but assi…
accident
an unexpected result result of an act that was done with no i…
18 terms
LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | CHAPTER 3
business ethics
civil disobedience
conflict of interest
entitlement theory
Balancing the goal of profits with values of individuals and…
The term used when natural law proponents violate positive law.
Conduct that compromises an employee's allegiance to that com…
Another name for Nozick's theory that we all have certain rig…
business ethics
Balancing the goal of profits with values of individuals and…
civil disobedience
The term used when natural law proponents violate positive law.
43 terms
legal research chapter 3
official citation
secondary sources
style manual
primary authority
citation to the official publication of the case for a partic…
tools used to understand the law; encyclopedia
a manual illustrating the proper citation format for a partic…
resources that provide the actual law; laws are found in cons…
official citation
citation to the official publication of the case for a partic…
secondary sources
tools used to understand the law; encyclopedia
61 terms
Legal Environment of Business Chapter 3
Litigation
Alternative dispute resolution
Trial Courts
Jurisdiction
The process of filing claims in court and ultimately going to…
any other formal or informal process used to settle disputes…
determine the factors of a particular dispute and apply to th…
A court's power to hear cases
Litigation
The process of filing claims in court and ultimately going to…
Alternative dispute resolution
any other formal or informal process used to settle disputes…
36 terms
Legal Frameworks Chapter 3
District Couts
Courts of Appeals
The Supreme Court
Federal Special Courts
Trial courts of general jurisdiction that can hear and decide…
Hear appeals from the district courts and review order of cer…
The nation's highest court, whose principal function is to re…
Have jurisdiction over cases in a particular area of Federal…
District Couts
Trial courts of general jurisdiction that can hear and decide…
Courts of Appeals
Hear appeals from the district courts and review order of cer…
21 terms
Forensic and Legal Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Privacy
Control Question
Confirmation Bias
Control Question Test
The legal problem of how to determine at what point lie detec…
questions that involve behaviors that are uncomfortable for s…
An inclination to search out evidence that confirms our belie…
The questioning procedure most frequently used during polygra…
Cognitive Privacy
The legal problem of how to determine at what point lie detec…
Control Question
questions that involve behaviors that are uncomfortable for s…
41 terms
chapter 3 legal aspects
Evidence
admissible
Hearsay
hearsay rule
What is defined as testimony, writings, material objects, or…
What means the evidence must be both pertinent and proper? (B…
What is defined as out of court statements that are offered t…
What prohibits their admission into evidence, absent an excep…
Evidence
What is defined as testimony, writings, material objects, or…
admissible
What means the evidence must be both pertinent and proper? (B…
27 terms
Legal Aspects Chapter 3
health record
evidence
admissible
hearsay
serves as the legal document of a particular episode of patie…
defined as testimony, writings, material objects, or others,…
evidence that must be decided as pertinent and proper
out of court statements that are offered to prove the truth o…
health record
serves as the legal document of a particular episode of patie…
evidence
defined as testimony, writings, material objects, or others,…
48 terms
Legal Chapter 3 SAC
Arrest
Warrant
Custody
Bail
means to take a suspect into custody
Is a written order from a magistrate directing police to sear…
Is a situation where a person is kept imprisoned while awaiti…
is an agreement to release a person accused of an offence and…
Arrest
means to take a suspect into custody
Warrant
Is a written order from a magistrate directing police to sear…
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Bill of Rights
Self-incrimination
Double jeopardy
Barron v. Baltimore
The first ten amendments added to the US Constitution to prov…
The act of exposing oneself to prosecution by being forced to…
The subjecting of a person to prosecution more than once in t…
The protections of the Bill of Rights apply only to actions o…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments added to the US Constitution to prov…
Self-incrimination
The act of exposing oneself to prosecution by being forced to…
39 terms
Law and Legal Chapter 3
affidavit
affirmative denfense
answer
breif
a written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
a response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
procedurally, a defendant's response to the plaintiff's compl…
a formal legal document submitted by the attorney for the app…
affidavit
a written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
affirmative denfense
a response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
27 terms
Legal environment chapter 3
Small claims court
Juvenile court
Probate court
Summons
Cases involving <$5000 I handled in this court
Cases involving minors are handled in this court
Cases regarding the estates of decreased persons are handled…
Court's written notice that a lawsuit has been filed against…
Small claims court
Cases involving <$5000 I handled in this court
Juvenile court
Cases involving minors are handled in this court
37 terms
Legal Studies Chapter 3
Affidavit
Affirmative Defense
Answer
Brief
A written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
Procedurally, a defendant's response to the plaintiff's compl…
A formal legal document submitted by the attorney for the app…
Affidavit
A written or printed voluntary statement of facts, confirmed…
Affirmative Defense
A response to a plaintiff's claim that does not deny the plai…
24 terms
Legal Chapter 3
Anomie
Atavism
Behavioral conditioning
Biological school
Social condition of normalness
Existence of characteristics thought to be from earlier in hu…
Frequency of any behavior can be increased or decreased
Study the thought process of criminals
Anomie
Social condition of normalness
Atavism
Existence of characteristics thought to be from earlier in hu…
Chapter 3 Legal terms
Causation
Deposition
Duty Of Care
Informed Consent
Harm caused to a patient due to the negligence of a healthcar…
a procedure that takes place during discovery where a witness…
A health care provider's obligation to provide a quality of c…
The requirement that a doctor or other health care provider i…
Causation
Harm caused to a patient due to the negligence of a healthcar…
Deposition
a procedure that takes place during discovery where a witness…
26 terms
Chapter 3 Legal Vocabulary
Acquit
Arrest
Bail
Capital punishment
To declare not guilty
To take into custody
A sum of money that an accused criminal deposits with a court…
Death penalty
Acquit
To declare not guilty
Arrest
To take into custody
19 terms
Chapter 3 legal terms
Slander
Libel
Negligence
Malpractice
Oral , saying something about another person that is untrue o…
Written , something about another person that is untrue or da…
Misconduct or practice that is below the Standard expected of…
Is negligence by a professional person
Slander
Oral , saying something about another person that is untrue o…
Libel
Written , something about another person that is untrue or da…
49 terms
Legal Terminology Chapter 3
civil action
plaintiff
litigation
litigants
a lawsuit other than a criminal one
the person who brings the suit
court action
parties to a lawsuit
civil action
a lawsuit other than a criminal one
plaintiff
the person who brings the suit
1 of 10