Study sets matching "level analysis"

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Study sets matching "level analysis"

Level of Analysis
Volunteering with others affects a per…
Pregnant women reading aloud can affec…
Living in a friendly neighborhood affe…
Being an esteemed member of a school g…
Social
Biological
Social
Social
Volunteering with others affects a per…
Social
Pregnant women reading aloud can affec…
Biological
15 terms
Psychology - Sociocultural Level of Analysis
Sociocultural cognition
5 Factor Model
Disposition and situation in a psychol…
Attribution errors
- Dispositional attribution ... - Situational attribution ... - Cro…
- Neuroticism ... - Extroversion ... - Openness to experience ... - Ag…
- Milgram's study of obedience to authority (Milgram 1974) ... -…
- Fundamental attribution error: ... Demonstration of FAE, Jones…
Sociocultural cognition
- Dispositional attribution ... - Situational attribution ... - Cro…
5 Factor Model
- Neuroticism ... - Extroversion ... - Openness to experience ... - Ag…
6 terms
Level of Analysis
1. phonetics
2. phonology
3. morphology
4. syntax
speech as a physical process
systems of linguistic sound structure
structure of words (smallest units of language with meaning)
structure of phrases & sentences
1. phonetics
speech as a physical process
2. phonology
systems of linguistic sound structure
Level of Analysis
Motivated Bias
Cognitive Bias
Individual Level of Analysis
Factors to consider when analyzing an…
A bias in which people knowingly ignore the info they don't l…
Using shortcuts to explain situations; "complexity simplifiers"
How the agency of individual actors shapes politics and forei…
1. Rationality: actors are rational and each action serves a…
Motivated Bias
A bias in which people knowingly ignore the info they don't l…
Cognitive Bias
Using shortcuts to explain situations; "complexity simplifiers"
Cognitive Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
cognitive neuroscience (page 67)
cognition (page 67)
mental representations (page 67)
reconstructive nature (page 68)
A combination of knowledge about the brain and knowledge abou…
Cognitive processes which include perception, thinking, probl…
Perceptions humans have on the world through aspects such as…
The process of putting information together based on general…
cognitive neuroscience (page 67)
A combination of knowledge about the brain and knowledge abou…
cognition (page 67)
Cognitive processes which include perception, thinking, probl…
24 terms
cognitive level of analysis
Atkinson and shiffrin
cognitive level of analysis principles
baddeley and hitch
holmes
(Memory)developed the 3-stage processing model of memory, sug…
mental process should be investigated scientifically.... Human…
Performed an experiment in which they asked participants to r…
boys 7-10 gave basic tests found good math skills = good visu…
Atkinson and shiffrin
(Memory)developed the 3-stage processing model of memory, sug…
cognitive level of analysis principles
mental process should be investigated scientifically.... Human…
Biological Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
reductionist (page 39)
neurons (page 39)
neurotransmission (page 39)
axon (page 39)
Breaking down complex human behavior into smaller parts - for…
Nerve cells; one of the building blocks of behavior.
Method by which electrochemical messages are sent to the brain.
The body of a nerve cell.
reductionist (page 39)
Breaking down complex human behavior into smaller parts - for…
neurons (page 39)
Nerve cells; one of the building blocks of behavior.
Sociocultural Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
culture (page 101)
naturalistic (page 102)
attribution (page 103)
actor-observer effect (page 104)
The norms and values that define a society.
"As it really is", Research done in the environments in which…
How people interpret and explain casual relationships in the…
When people discuss their own behavior, often attributed to s…
culture (page 101)
The norms and values that define a society.
naturalistic (page 102)
"As it really is", Research done in the environments in which…
12 terms
Levels of analysis
We can describe the operations of an i…
functional level of analysis (Marr's _…
procedural level of analysis (Marr's _…
physical level of analysis
computational, algorithmic and implementational
computational level
algorithmic level
implementational
We can describe the operations of an i…
computational, algorithmic and implementational
functional level of analysis (Marr's _…
computational level
7 terms
Levels of Analysis
Trait-dispositional
Biological
Psychodynamic-Motivational
Behavioral-Conditioning
identify the traits (psychological qualities, behavioral disp…
studying how biological factors influence personality/disposi…
motivations, conflicts, self-defense mechanisms, usually with…
determines whether behaviors were learned thorough a rewardin…
Trait-dispositional
identify the traits (psychological qualities, behavioral disp…
Biological
studying how biological factors influence personality/disposi…
10 terms
Levels of Analysis
Levels of Analysis
System Level Analysis (International)
Relative Power (system level)
Relative Power is associated with...
framework for identifying the different causal factors that i…
External realities that shape the actions of various actors i…
Can enable or restrain a state. Can be hard power (military s…
Realism
Levels of Analysis
framework for identifying the different causal factors that i…
System Level Analysis (International)
External realities that shape the actions of various actors i…
9 terms
Levels of Analysis
Brain Systems
Neurochemistry
Genetics
Individual Differences
Biological
Biological
Biological
Individual
Brain Systems
Biological
Neurochemistry
Biological
14 terms
levels of analysis
mistakes made when judging research fi…
hindsight bias
problem with hindsight bias
overconfidence
hindsight bias; overconfidence; pattern seeking behavior
we over estimate our ability to predict events after we know…
predictions need to be tested
we over estimate the accuracy of our estimations
mistakes made when judging research fi…
hindsight bias; overconfidence; pattern seeking behavior
hindsight bias
we over estimate our ability to predict events after we know…
Levels of Analysis
Bio Principle 1
Bio Principle 2
Bio Principle 3
Cog Principle 1
Behavior can be innate because it is genetically based - and…
Animal research can provide insight into behavior.
There are biological correlates of behavior.
Human beings are information processors and mental processes…
Bio Principle 1
Behavior can be innate because it is genetically based - and…
Bio Principle 2
Animal research can provide insight into behavior.
Levels of Analysis
behavioral
biological
cognitive
evolutionary
considering observable behaviors
how the brain/endocrine system (hormones) enables emotions an…
how we encode, process, store and retrieve information
how natural selection of traits has promoted survival of cert…
behavioral
considering observable behaviors
biological
how the brain/endocrine system (hormones) enables emotions an…
64 terms
LEVEL 1 PHOTO ANALYSIS
Sur cette photo
Cette photo montre
Cette photo illustre
Je vois sur cette photo
in this photo
this photo shows
this photo illustrates
I see in this picture
Sur cette photo
in this photo
Cette photo montre
this photo shows
Levels of Analysis
Biological level focus
Individual level focus
Social level focus
Cultural level focus
brain systems, neurochemistry, genetics
individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior
interpersonal behavior, social cognition
thoughts, actions, behaviors--in different societies and cult…
Biological level focus
brain systems, neurochemistry, genetics
Individual level focus
individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior
Levels of Analysis
Biological
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
...
...
...
...
Biological
...
Evolutionary
...
26 terms
Levels of Analysis
human nature, personality, beliefs
institutions, culture, structure
regime type, size, military power, wealt
external environment, factors that aff…
individual analysis
group/organization analysis
state analysis
system analysis
human nature, personality, beliefs
individual analysis
institutions, culture, structure
group/organization analysis
15 terms
Levels of Analysis
The Three Levels of Analysis
System-Level authority structure inclu…
System-Level actors include...(3)
System-Level distribution of power ass…
System-Level, State-Level, and Individual level
Vertical authority and Horizontal authority
National actors, Supranational actors, Transnational actors
components of national power that help determine any countrie…
The Three Levels of Analysis
System-Level, State-Level, and Individual level
System-Level authority structure inclu…
Vertical authority and Horizontal authority
9 terms
Levels of Analysis
Neural
Physiological
Genetic
Evolutionary
Brain, spinal cord, neuron
Neurotransmitters
Genes, affect human behavior
Behavior from an evolutionary standpoint
Neural
Brain, spinal cord, neuron
Physiological
Neurotransmitters
7 terms
Levels of Analysis
Neuroscience
Evolutionary
Behavior genetics
Psychodynamic
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory…
How the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival…
How our genes and our environment influence our individual di…
How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
Neuroscience
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory…
Evolutionary
How the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival…
Levels of Analysis
Psychodynamic
Humanistic
Sociocultural
Evolutionary
Unconcious causes behavior (Freud)
Emphasis on human potential
Link between social behavior and culture
Develop behaviors that help us become the best
Psychodynamic
Unconcious causes behavior (Freud)
Humanistic
Emphasis on human potential
Levels of Analysis
Biological
Individual
Social
Cultural
brain systems, genetics, neurochemistry
Individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior.
Interpersonal behavior, social cognition
Thought, actions, behaviors in different societies and cultur…
Biological
brain systems, genetics, neurochemistry
Individual
Individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior.
Levels of Analysis
Systemetic
Systemetic
Systemetic
Systemetic
· Assume state are Unitary Actors... · Assumes states are Ration…
System as whole
Based assumptions that anarch is responsible for how IA plays…
System is anarchic; no authority about the state
Systemetic
· Assume state are Unitary Actors... · Assumes states are Ration…
Systemetic
System as whole
17 terms
Levels of analysis
Pavlov
Structuralism
Functionalism
Watson
taught dog bell tone as a cue for food
studied structure and basic elements of consciousness; method…
function of conciseness studied as a stream.
-formalized methodology of learning research; overt behaviour…
Pavlov
taught dog bell tone as a cue for food
Structuralism
studied structure and basic elements of consciousness; method…
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
Affective Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cellular Neuroscience
Clinical Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological basis of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system
Affective Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
Behavioral Neuroscience
the study of the biological basis of behavior
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
Affective Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cellular Neuroscience
Clinical Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological bases of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system, while psychiatr…
Affective Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
Behavioral Neuroscience
the study of the biological bases of behavior
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
affective neuroscience
behavioral neuroscience
cellular neuroscience
clinical neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological bases of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system, while psychiatr…
affective neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
behavioral neuroscience
the study of the biological bases of behavior
14 terms
Levels of Analysis
Molecular and Cellular, Level 1
Systems, Level 2
Behavioral & Cognitive, Level 3
CNS
-Genetic, structural, metabolic, signaling molecules that cre…
-General anatomy (gross, internal, interconnections)... -Sensory…
Internal state - emotions and motivations, learning and memor…
Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
Molecular and Cellular, Level 1
-Genetic, structural, metabolic, signaling molecules that cre…
Systems, Level 2
-General anatomy (gross, internal, interconnections)... -Sensory…
Levels of Analysis
International Actors
State Actors
Individual Actors
International Interests
-states... -IGOs (UN, World Courts)... -NGOs... -transnational network…
-regimes... -the public... -the government... -coalitions... -military in…
-presidents... -diplomats... -generals... -cabinet members
-global order: peace, development, equality... -power and securi…
International Actors
-states... -IGOs (UN, World Courts)... -NGOs... -transnational network…
State Actors
-regimes... -the public... -the government... -coalitions... -military in…
Level 2 - Quantitative Analysis
Sample Covariance
Sample Correlation Coeffecient
Limitations of correlation analysis
T-Test
- degree to variables move together... - positive together... - neg…
-used because sample covariance is not very meaningful... -measu…
impact of outliers... potential for spurious correlation... non lin…
test correlation between the population of two variables
Sample Covariance
- degree to variables move together... - positive together... - neg…
Sample Correlation Coeffecient
-used because sample covariance is not very meaningful... -measu…
5 terms
Levels of Analysis
Four levels of analysis
Microlevel
Mesolevel
Macrolevel
*Micro... *Meso... *Macro... *Transnational
relates to interactions that occur between a minimum of two p…
relates to interactions that occur at the community level usu…
interactions occur between and among large groups of people t…
Four levels of analysis
*Micro... *Meso... *Macro... *Transnational
Microlevel
relates to interactions that occur between a minimum of two p…
14 terms
Levels of Analysis
What are the two types of questions?
Levels of analysis
Mechanistic
Ontogenetic
1. Proximate... -short term... -"how"... 2. Ultimate... -long term... -"why"
-answers at different levels of analysis are never mutually e…
-immediate timescale (proximate)... -physiological processes... -co…
-lifetime timescale (proximate)... -effects of heredity... -effects…
What are the two types of questions?
1. Proximate... -short term... -"how"... 2. Ultimate... -long term... -"why"
Levels of analysis
-answers at different levels of analysis are never mutually e…
8 terms
Levels of Analysis
Perspectives
Behavioral
Biological
Cognitive
Behavioral, biological, cognitive, humanistic, evolutionary p…
How we learn from observable responses
How genes combine with environment to influence individual di…
How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
Perspectives
Behavioral, biological, cognitive, humanistic, evolutionary p…
Behavioral
How we learn from observable responses
5 terms
Levels of Analysis
levels of analysis
biological influences
psychological influences
socio-cultural influences
the differing complementary views for analysing any given phe…
-natural selection of adaptive traits... -genetic predisposition…
-learned fears and other learned expectations... -emotional resp…
-presence of others... -cultural, societal, and family expectati…
levels of analysis
the differing complementary views for analysing any given phe…
biological influences
-natural selection of adaptive traits... -genetic predisposition…
40 terms
System Level Analysis & State Level Analysis
What does System Level Analysis focus…
What are the two ways authority is org…
Explain Vertical Authority
Define System Level Analysis
Structural characteristics, power relations, and the scope an…
Vertically and Horizontally
Subordinate units are regulated by higher levels of authority
Analysis of external restraints on a country's foreign policy…
What does System Level Analysis focus…
Structural characteristics, power relations, and the scope an…
What are the two ways authority is org…
Vertically and Horizontally
8 terms
Levels of analysis
Neuroscience/biopsychological
Evolutionary
Behavior genetics
Psychodynamic
How the body and brain relate
Changes over 1000s of years
Nature vs nurture
Unconcious mind (freud)
Neuroscience/biopsychological
How the body and brain relate
Evolutionary
Changes over 1000s of years
8 terms
Levels of analysis
biopsychosocial
biological psychology
evolutionary psychology
psychodynamic psychology
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psycholo…
branch of psychology that studies the links between biologica…
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using pr…
Branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and…
biopsychosocial
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psycholo…
biological psychology
branch of psychology that studies the links between biologica…
6 terms
Levels of Analysis
global
international
regional
national
events and trends that impact across the world
events and trends that impacts several countries
events and trends that impacts a region
events and trends that have a limited impact within the geogr…
global
events and trends that impact across the world
international
events and trends that impacts several countries
Levels of Analysis
Singer & Waltz
Singer & Waltz
Singer & Waltz
Alternative Levels of Analysis
1st level - individual... - nature of "man"; "man seeks power"... -…
2nd level - state... - country level... - nature of some states; "d…
3rd level - interstate system... - interaction... - interaction amo…
Table 1.3 - Global, Interstate, Domestic, Individual
Singer & Waltz
1st level - individual... - nature of "man"; "man seeks power"... -…
Singer & Waltz
2nd level - state... - country level... - nature of some states; "d…
Developmental Level of Analysis
Gender Role
Attachment
Deprivation
Privation
A set of social and behaviour norms, activities characterised…
The emotional bond between an individual and an attachment fi…
Break in previously formed attachment
Attachment never formed
Gender Role
A set of social and behaviour norms, activities characterised…
Attachment
The emotional bond between an individual and an attachment fi…
17 terms
Abnormal Level of Analysis
Abnormality
Diagnosis
Reliability
Validity
Not one definition, highly subjective depending on context
Assessment which is reliant on symptoms, observations, interv…
Is reliable if different clinicians using the same system com…
Is valid if correct and diagnosis leads to correct treatment
Abnormality
Not one definition, highly subjective depending on context
Diagnosis
Assessment which is reliant on symptoms, observations, interv…
System level of analysis
system level
characteristics of system level of ana…
structural characteristics
organizational authority
focuses on the external restraints on FP... explains FP from the…
structural characteristics... power relations... economic realities…
organizational authority... scope, level, and intensity of inter…
horizontal authority... vertical authority
system level
focuses on the external restraints on FP... explains FP from the…
characteristics of system level of ana…
structural characteristics... power relations... economic realities…
Biological Level of Analysis
Simon et alia (2011)
Josephs et alia (2008)
Mintun et alia (2004)
Kanwisher et alia (1997)
Studied the brain activity of PS, a famous prosopagnosic. fMR…
MRI scans revealed temporal volume loss in patients with deme…
PET scans of depressed vs nondepression. showed that patients…
fMRI showed hyperactivity around Bordmann 37 in face vs. obje…
Simon et alia (2011)
Studied the brain activity of PS, a famous prosopagnosic. fMR…
Josephs et alia (2008)
MRI scans revealed temporal volume loss in patients with deme…
10 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
Atkinson-Shiffrin Multi-store Model of…
Glanzer and Cunitz Serial Position study
Brown and Kulik study
Neisser and Harsch study
Relates to soft determinism (active processing), includes sen…
Participants read words aloud and asked to freely recall - mo…
Participants asked details about scenario in which they exper…
Aim was to disprove Brown and Kulik by surveying people after…
Atkinson-Shiffrin Multi-store Model of…
Relates to soft determinism (active processing), includes sen…
Glanzer and Cunitz Serial Position study
Participants read words aloud and asked to freely recall - mo…
Marginal Analysis Level 3
Accounting Costs
Economic Costs
Economic Profit
Profit
The monetary costs involved in production.
The return to all factors of production regardless of ownersh…
The difference between TR and TC, where costs include account…
The factor return to enterprise/ entrepreneurship/ risk taking.
Accounting Costs
The monetary costs involved in production.
Economic Costs
The return to all factors of production regardless of ownersh…
State level analysis
state level
Shaping factors of state level analysis
type of government
authoritarian government
how a country's political structure and the political forces…
type of government... type of situation... type of policy... strength…
authoritarian... democratic
FP constrained to a narrow segment of the government
state level
how a country's political structure and the political forces…
Shaping factors of state level analysis
type of government... type of situation... type of policy... strength…
40 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
a theory that the reaction (response) to an object or event (…
behavior is controlled by consequences
a stimulus is introduced which incentivizes a particular beha…
a desirable incentive is introduced to not behave in a partic…
Conditioning
a theory that the reaction (response) to an object or event (…
Operant conditioning
behavior is controlled by consequences
21 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
Bottom up processing
Schema Theory
Episodic Buffer
False Memory
Information into the brain, from the sensory system
Information precessing, putting things into boxes and groupin…
Temporary plus passive display of information until needed
The brain creates it own memories in order to fill out missin…
Bottom up processing
Information into the brain, from the sensory system
Schema Theory
Information precessing, putting things into boxes and groupin…
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