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Study sets matching "level analysis"

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Study sets matching "level analysis"

24 terms
cognitive level of analysis
Atkinson and shiffrin
cognitive level of analysis principles
baddeley and hitch
holmes
(Memory)developed the 3-stage processing model of memory, sug…
mental process should be investigated scientifically.... Human…
Performed an experiment in which they asked participants to r…
boys 7-10 gave basic tests found good math skills = good visu…
Atkinson and shiffrin
(Memory)developed the 3-stage processing model of memory, sug…
cognitive level of analysis principles
mental process should be investigated scientifically.... Human…
14 terms
Level of Analysis
Motivated Bias
Cognitive Bias
Individual Level of Analysis
Factors to consider when analyzing an…
A bias in which people knowingly ignore the info they don't l…
Using shortcuts to explain situations; "complexity simplifiers"
How the agency of individual actors shapes politics and forei…
1. Rationality: actors are rational and each action serves a…
Motivated Bias
A bias in which people knowingly ignore the info they don't l…
Cognitive Bias
Using shortcuts to explain situations; "complexity simplifiers"
12 terms
Levels of analysis
We can describe the operations of an i…
functional level of analysis (Marr's _…
procedural level of analysis (Marr's _…
physical level of analysis
computational, algorithmic and implementational
computational level
algorithmic level
implementational
We can describe the operations of an i…
computational, algorithmic and implementational
functional level of analysis (Marr's _…
computational level
64 terms
LEVEL 1 PHOTO ANALYSIS
Sur cette photo
Cette photo montre
Cette photo illustre
Je vois sur cette photo
in this photo
this photo shows
this photo illustrates
I see in this picture
Sur cette photo
in this photo
Cette photo montre
this photo shows
10 terms
Levels of Analysis
Levels of Analysis
System Level Analysis (International)
Relative Power (system level)
Relative Power is associated with...
framework for identifying the different causal factors that i…
External realities that shape the actions of various actors i…
Can enable or restrain a state. Can be hard power (military s…
Realism
Levels of Analysis
framework for identifying the different causal factors that i…
System Level Analysis (International)
External realities that shape the actions of various actors i…
8 terms
Levels of analysis
biopsychosocial
biological psychology
evolutionary psychology
psychodynamic psychology
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psycholo…
branch of psychology that studies the links between biologica…
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using pr…
Branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and…
biopsychosocial
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psycholo…
biological psychology
branch of psychology that studies the links between biologica…
55 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
cognitive neuroscience (page 67)
cognition (page 67)
mental representations (page 67)
reconstructive nature (page 68)
A combination of knowledge about the brain and knowledge abou…
Cognitive processes which include perception, thinking, probl…
Perceptions humans have on the world through aspects such as…
The process of putting information together based on general…
cognitive neuroscience (page 67)
A combination of knowledge about the brain and knowledge abou…
cognition (page 67)
Cognitive processes which include perception, thinking, probl…
11 terms
Levels of Analysis
Singer & Waltz
Singer & Waltz
Singer & Waltz
Alternative Levels of Analysis
1st level - individual... - nature of "man"; "man seeks power"... -…
2nd level - state... - country level... - nature of some states; "d…
3rd level - interstate system... - interaction... - interaction amo…
Table 1.3 - Global, Interstate, Domestic, Individual
Singer & Waltz
1st level - individual... - nature of "man"; "man seeks power"... -…
Singer & Waltz
2nd level - state... - country level... - nature of some states; "d…
26 terms
Levels of Analysis
human nature, personality, beliefs
institutions, culture, structure
regime type, size, military power, wealt
external environment, factors that aff…
individual analysis
group/organization analysis
state analysis
system analysis
human nature, personality, beliefs
individual analysis
institutions, culture, structure
group/organization analysis
8 terms
Levels of Analysis
Psychodynamic
Humanistic
Sociocultural
Evolutionary
Unconcious causes behavior (Freud)
Emphasis on human potential
Link between social behavior and culture
Develop behaviors that help us become the best
Psychodynamic
Unconcious causes behavior (Freud)
Humanistic
Emphasis on human potential
9 terms
Levels of Analysis
Neural
Physiological
Genetic
Evolutionary
Brain, spinal cord, neuron
Neurotransmitters
Genes, affect human behavior
Behavior from an evolutionary standpoint
Neural
Brain, spinal cord, neuron
Physiological
Neurotransmitters
7 terms
Levels of Analysis
Neuroscience
Evolutionary
Behavior genetics
Psychodynamic
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory…
How the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival…
How our genes and our environment influence our individual di…
How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
Neuroscience
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory…
Evolutionary
How the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival…
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
Affective Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cellular Neuroscience
Clinical Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological basis of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system
Affective Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
Behavioral Neuroscience
the study of the biological basis of behavior
Levels of Analysis
International Actors
State Actors
Individual Actors
International Interests
-states... -IGOs (UN, World Courts)... -NGOs... -transnational network…
-regimes... -the public... -the government... -coalitions... -military in…
-presidents... -diplomats... -generals... -cabinet members
-global order: peace, development, equality... -power and securi…
International Actors
-states... -IGOs (UN, World Courts)... -NGOs... -transnational network…
State Actors
-regimes... -the public... -the government... -coalitions... -military in…
74 terms
Sociocultural Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
culture (page 101)
naturalistic (page 102)
attribution (page 103)
actor-observer effect (page 104)
The norms and values that define a society.
"As it really is", Research done in the environments in which…
How people interpret and explain casual relationships in the…
When people discuss their own behavior, often attributed to s…
culture (page 101)
The norms and values that define a society.
naturalistic (page 102)
"As it really is", Research done in the environments in which…
34 terms
Biological Level of Analysis (Vocabulary)
reductionist (page 39)
neurons (page 39)
neurotransmission (page 39)
axon (page 39)
Breaking down complex human behavior into smaller parts - for…
Nerve cells; one of the building blocks of behavior.
Method by which electrochemical messages are sent to the brain.
The body of a nerve cell.
reductionist (page 39)
Breaking down complex human behavior into smaller parts - for…
neurons (page 39)
Nerve cells; one of the building blocks of behavior.
8 terms
Levels of Analysis
Perspectives
Behavioral
Biological
Cognitive
Behavioral, biological, cognitive, humanistic, evolutionary p…
How we learn from observable responses
How genes combine with environment to influence individual di…
How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
Perspectives
Behavioral, biological, cognitive, humanistic, evolutionary p…
Behavioral
How we learn from observable responses
8 terms
Levels of analysis
Neuroscience/biopsychological
Evolutionary
Behavior genetics
Psychodynamic
How the body and brain relate
Changes over 1000s of years
Nature vs nurture
Unconcious mind (freud)
Neuroscience/biopsychological
How the body and brain relate
Evolutionary
Changes over 1000s of years
24 terms
Marginal Analysis Level 3
Accounting Costs
Economic Costs
Economic Profit
Profit
The monetary costs involved in production.
The return to all factors of production regardless of ownersh…
The difference between TR and TC, where costs include account…
The factor return to enterprise/ entrepreneurship/ risk taking.
Accounting Costs
The monetary costs involved in production.
Economic Costs
The return to all factors of production regardless of ownersh…
9 terms
Levels of Analysis
Brain Systems
Neurochemistry
Genetics
Individual Differences
Biological
Biological
Biological
Individual
Brain Systems
Biological
Neurochemistry
Biological
14 terms
levels of analysis
mistakes made when judging research fi…
hindsight bias
problem with hindsight bias
overconfidence
hindsight bias; overconfidence; pattern seeking behavior
we over estimate our ability to predict events after we know…
predictions need to be tested
we over estimate the accuracy of our estimations
mistakes made when judging research fi…
hindsight bias; overconfidence; pattern seeking behavior
hindsight bias
we over estimate our ability to predict events after we know…
9 terms
Levels of Analysis
Bio Principle 1
Bio Principle 2
Bio Principle 3
Cog Principle 1
Behavior can be innate because it is genetically based - and…
Animal research can provide insight into behavior.
There are biological correlates of behavior.
Human beings are information processors and mental processes…
Bio Principle 1
Behavior can be innate because it is genetically based - and…
Bio Principle 2
Animal research can provide insight into behavior.
13 terms
Levels of Analysis
Biological level focus
Individual level focus
Social level focus
Cultural level focus
brain systems, neurochemistry, genetics
individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior
interpersonal behavior, social cognition
thoughts, actions, behaviors--in different societies and cult…
Biological level focus
brain systems, neurochemistry, genetics
Individual level focus
individual differences, perception and cognition, behavior
15 terms
Levels of Analysis
The Three Levels of Analysis
System-Level authority structure inclu…
System-Level actors include...(3)
System-Level distribution of power ass…
System-Level, State-Level, and Individual level
Vertical authority and Horizontal authority
National actors, Supranational actors, Transnational actors
components of national power that help determine any countrie…
The Three Levels of Analysis
System-Level, State-Level, and Individual level
System-Level authority structure inclu…
Vertical authority and Horizontal authority
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
Systemetic
Systemetic
Systemetic
Systemetic
· Assume state are Unitary Actors... · Assumes states are Ration…
System as whole
Based assumptions that anarch is responsible for how IA plays…
System is anarchic; no authority about the state
Systemetic
· Assume state are Unitary Actors... · Assumes states are Ration…
Systemetic
System as whole
17 terms
Levels of analysis
Pavlov
Structuralism
Functionalism
Watson
taught dog bell tone as a cue for food
studied structure and basic elements of consciousness; method…
function of conciseness studied as a stream.
-formalized methodology of learning research; overt behaviour…
Pavlov
taught dog bell tone as a cue for food
Structuralism
studied structure and basic elements of consciousness; method…
14 terms
Levels of Analysis
Molecular and Cellular, Level 1
Systems, Level 2
Behavioral & Cognitive, Level 3
CNS
-Genetic, structural, metabolic, signaling molecules that cre…
-General anatomy (gross, internal, interconnections)... -Sensory…
Internal state - emotions and motivations, learning and memor…
Brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem) and spinal cord
Molecular and Cellular, Level 1
-Genetic, structural, metabolic, signaling molecules that cre…
Systems, Level 2
-General anatomy (gross, internal, interconnections)... -Sensory…
27 terms
Levels of Analysis
Rene Descartes
Flourens
3 Levels of Analysis
John B. Watson & Behaviourism
Suggested that the mind and body were two separate entities.…
Systematically destroyed parts of the brain and disovered whi…
Psychological - How do memories, thoughts and emotions motiva…
Father of behaviourism. Believed in nurture over nature, and…
Rene Descartes
Suggested that the mind and body were two separate entities.…
Flourens
Systematically destroyed parts of the brain and disovered whi…
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
Affective Neuroscience
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cellular Neuroscience
Clinical Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological bases of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system, while psychiatr…
Affective Neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
Behavioral Neuroscience
the study of the biological bases of behavior
16 terms
Levels of Analysis
affective neuroscience
behavioral neuroscience
cellular neuroscience
clinical neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
the study of the biological bases of behavior
the study of neurons, including their form and physiological…
looks at the disorders of the nervous system, while psychiatr…
affective neuroscience
research is carried out on laboratory animals and looks at ho…
behavioral neuroscience
the study of the biological bases of behavior
15 terms
Psychology - Sociocultural Level of Analysis
Sociocultural cognition
5 Factor Model
Disposition and situation in a psychol…
Attribution errors
- Dispositional attribution ... - Situational attribution ... - Cro…
- Neuroticism ... - Extroversion ... - Openness to experience ... - Ag…
- Milgram's study of obedience to authority (Milgram 1974) ... -…
- Fundamental attribution error: ... Demonstration of FAE, Jones…
Sociocultural cognition
- Dispositional attribution ... - Situational attribution ... - Cro…
5 Factor Model
- Neuroticism ... - Extroversion ... - Openness to experience ... - Ag…
37 terms
Level 2 - Quantitative Analysis
Sample Covariance
Sample Correlation Coeffecient
Limitations of correlation analysis
T-Test
- degree to variables move together... - positive together... - neg…
-used because sample covariance is not very meaningful... -measu…
impact of outliers... potential for spurious correlation... non lin…
test correlation between the population of two variables
Sample Covariance
- degree to variables move together... - positive together... - neg…
Sample Correlation Coeffecient
-used because sample covariance is not very meaningful... -measu…
25 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
1. Human beings are active cognitive p…
1. Human beings are active cognitive p…
1. Case studies on amesiacs... a. how... b.…
1. Anonymity of case studies on amnesi…
Outline two principles that define the cognitive level of ana…
Explain how two principles that define the cognitive level of…
Discuss how and why two particular research methods are used…
Discuss three ethical considerations related to research stud…
1. Human beings are active cognitive p…
Outline two principles that define the cognitive level of ana…
1. Human beings are active cognitive p…
Explain how two principles that define the cognitive level of…
11 terms
COGNITIVE LEVEL OF ANALYSIS
Explain how principles that define the…
Explain how biological factors may aff…
Discuss the use of technology in inves…
Evaluate schema theory with reference…
HM CASE STUDY , LOFTUS AND PALMERS & BARTLETT OR MAYAN CHILDREN
HM CASE STUDY & NEWCOMER ET AL (CORTISOL STUDY)
HM or JUGGLING STUDY & compassion meditation by Davidson et al
Darley and gross & Bartlett ( war of ghosts)
Explain how principles that define the…
HM CASE STUDY , LOFTUS AND PALMERS & BARTLETT OR MAYAN CHILDREN
Explain how biological factors may aff…
HM CASE STUDY & NEWCOMER ET AL (CORTISOL STUDY)
38 terms
Grammar: Four-level Analysis
noun
pronoun
adjective
article
the name of a person, place, or thing
a word that takes the place of a noun
a word that modifies a noun or prounoun
the three adjectives, a, an, and the
noun
the name of a person, place, or thing
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun
14 terms
SOCIOCULTURAL LEVEL OF ANALYSIS
Explain how principles that define the…
Describe the role of situational and d…
Explain the formation of stereotypes a…
Explain social learning theory, making…
Howarth study,Berry's study... & Tajfel's study
Evan's pitchard study OR Milgram experiment.
Tajfel's study (Ingroup and Outgroup) & Howarth brixton girls
Bandura bobo doll experiment & Charlton et al
Explain how principles that define the…
Howarth study,Berry's study... & Tajfel's study
Describe the role of situational and d…
Evan's pitchard study OR Milgram experiment.
26 terms
Biological level of analysis
Key features underlying biological psy…
3 Principles
Hormones
Neuron
-Brain... -Hormones... -Neurotransmitters... -Dopamine, serotonin, nor…
-Behaviour has a physiological cause... -Patterns of behaviour c…
Chemical substances produced in the body that control and reg…
Basic structural unit of the nervous system. There may be as…
Key features underlying biological psy…
-Brain... -Hormones... -Neurotransmitters... -Dopamine, serotonin, nor…
3 Principles
-Behaviour has a physiological cause... -Patterns of behaviour c…
38 terms
Biological Level of Analysis
Interactionist approach
Reductionist approach
Neurons
Neurotransmission (or synaptic transmi…
A holistic picture of human behaviour which incorporates biol…
A micro-level of research, which breaks down complex human be…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The process by which these electrochemical messengers called…
Interactionist approach
A holistic picture of human behaviour which incorporates biol…
Reductionist approach
A micro-level of research, which breaks down complex human be…
55 terms
Biological Level of Analysis
Bidirectional
Nature versus Nurture Debate
Interactionist Approach
Reductionist
relationship of how environment and cognition interacts with…
whether human behaviour is the result of biological or enviro…
does not rely soly on either nature (biological) or nurture (…
breaks down complex human behaviour into its smallest parts…
Bidirectional
relationship of how environment and cognition interacts with…
Nature versus Nurture Debate
whether human behaviour is the result of biological or enviro…
20 terms
Biological Level of Analysis *studies*
Maguire et al (2000)
A list of IB BLA questions that Maguir…
Rosenzweig and Bennett (1972)
A list of IB BLA questions that Rosenz…
Aim: To investigate whether or not the hippocampus plays a ro…
1.Explain how principles that define the biological level of…
Aim: To investigate the effect of enrichment or deprivation o…
1) Explain how principles that define the biological level of…
Maguire et al (2000)
Aim: To investigate whether or not the hippocampus plays a ro…
A list of IB BLA questions that Maguir…
1.Explain how principles that define the biological level of…
22 terms
sentence Level - A Level - analysis
Clause
Comment clause
Complex sentence
Compound sentence
A group of words usually with a finite verb which is structur…
A commonly occurring phrase in speech e.g. you know
A sentence made up of one main and one or more subordinate or…
A sentence made up of at least two main clauses joined togeth…
Clause
A group of words usually with a finite verb which is structur…
Comment clause
A commonly occurring phrase in speech e.g. you know
40 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
a theory that the reaction (response) to an object or event (…
behavior is controlled by consequences
a stimulus is introduced which incentivizes a particular beha…
a desirable incentive is introduced to not behave in a partic…
Conditioning
a theory that the reaction (response) to an object or event (…
Operant conditioning
behavior is controlled by consequences
29 terms
Biological Level of Analysis
axon
dendrites
myelin sheath
nucleus
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of ma…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
axon
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
dendrites
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
68 terms
Biological Level of Analysis
Meaney (1988)
Rosensweig and Bennet (1972)
Martinez and Kesner (1991)
Bouchard Minnesota Twin Study (1990)
maternal deprivation and neuroplasticity of hippocampus due t…
enriched environment and neuroplasticity of cerebral cortex a…
acetylcholine and memory study
genetic inheritance of personality traits and intelligence tw…
Meaney (1988)
maternal deprivation and neuroplasticity of hippocampus due t…
Rosensweig and Bennet (1972)
enriched environment and neuroplasticity of cerebral cortex a…
33 terms
The Biological Level of Analysis
Biology
Biology origin
Monistic theory
Dualistic theory
The study of life
Greek. ... Bios- life... Logos- study
The mind and the body work as a unified organism, not separat…
The mind is thought to be of a substance other than a physica…
Biology
The study of life
Biology origin
Greek. ... Bios- life... Logos- study
12 terms
COGNITIVE LEVEL OF ANALYSIS
Evaluate schema theory with reference…
Evaluate 2 models or theories of one c…
Explain how biological factors may eff…
Discuss how social or cultural factors…
Define schema theory- mechanisms used for organising our know…
MSM ------> Aitkinson and Shiffrin (1968)... Multistore Model of…
Biological factors: Hippocampal damage (both by natural cause…
One cognitive process: Memory... Social OR cultural: Social... The…
Evaluate schema theory with reference…
Define schema theory- mechanisms used for organising our know…
Evaluate 2 models or theories of one c…
MSM ------> Aitkinson and Shiffrin (1968)... Multistore Model of…
15 terms
4 Level Analysis Grammar
Noun
Adjective
Verb
Pronoun
Person, place, thing, or idea.
Describes and modifies a noun or pronouns. It tells which one…
An action or station of being.
Replaces a noun.
Noun
Person, place, thing, or idea.
Adjective
Describes and modifies a noun or pronouns. It tells which one…
8 terms
Data Analysis Level 6
Mean
Mode
Median
Lower Quartile
Add up all numbers and divide by the number of numbers
Number in data set that shows up the most
Middle number in data set
Middle number between Minimum and Median
Mean
Add up all numbers and divide by the number of numbers
Mode
Number in data set that shows up the most
42 terms
Cognitive Level of Analysis
cognitive neuroscience
mental representations
bottom up processing
top down processing
A field that attempts to understand the links between cogniti…
Concepts or schemas
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
cognitive neuroscience
A field that attempts to understand the links between cogniti…
mental representations
Concepts or schemas
81 terms
Biological Level of Analysis
bidirectional relationship
nature vs. nurture
interactionist approach
reductionist approach
Biology can affect cognition and cognition can affect biology
name for a controversy in which it is debated whether genetic…
does not rely solely on either nature or nurture, but adopts…
The idea that complex behaviors can be attributed to simple c…
bidirectional relationship
Biology can affect cognition and cognition can affect biology
nature vs. nurture
name for a controversy in which it is debated whether genetic…
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