Study sets matching "liberties rights judiciary civil"

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Study sets matching "liberties rights judiciary civil"

The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
What does the Constitution say about t…
Constitution History ... What was set up…
Judiciary Act of 1789
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
-Vested in 1 Supreme Court, but other inferior courts can be…
1. Executive departments ... 2. Bill of Rights ... 3. Judiciary
An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States…
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
What does the Constitution say about t…
-Vested in 1 Supreme Court, but other inferior courts can be…
71 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties/Rights
Ninth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
Doctrine that ensures that states cannot infringe upon certai…
There is a boundary between church and state (the first prono…
Ninth Amendment
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Tenth Amendment
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
34 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/Rights
criminal cases
civil cases
judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
The power to declare congressional/presidential acts invalid…
response to question: "if a law enacted by congress conflicts…
criminal cases
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
civil cases
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
186 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Seneca Falls Convention
Dred Scott v. Stanford
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
passed resolutions demanding the abolition of legal, economic…
ruled that missouri compromise was unconstitutional and slave…
civil rights
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
Missouri Compromise of 1820
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
139 terms
The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
Rule of Law
Controls on the Abuse of Power
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
-courts say that no individual, group, organization, or gover…
-the judiciary may limit the executive and legislative branch…
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
24 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights and Liberties
In the Constitution
About it
1891 Judiciary Act
Supreme Court (SC)
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
-put an appeals level in the middle... -1 in DC... -military appeal…
-8 associate justices, and 1 supreme judge (Justice Blackman,…
In the Constitution
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
About it
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
Judiciary + Civil Rights/Liberties
Judicial Review
Marbury v Madison
McCulloch v Maryland
Gibbens v Ogden
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Established Judicial Review
the power granted to the Federal Government should be constru…
...
Judicial Review
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Marbury v Madison
Established Judicial Review
139 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Article III
civil liberties
criminal law
civil law
the judicial branch is created in this article
protections against government action
deals with charges on breaking specific laws
deals with disputes between parties
Article III
the judicial branch is created in this article
civil liberties
protections against government action
85 terms
Judiciary/Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
Judicial Review
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Constitutional Courts
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
Rules defining relations among private citizens... can't take l…
Constitutional powers and protections supreme courts, sercet…
Judicial Review
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Criminal Law
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
Judiciary/Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
judicial review
justiciable dispute
adversary system
class action suit
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others w…
judicial review
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
justiciable dispute
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
83 terms
Judiciary/civil liberties/civil rights
They US has a ________ court system
What is the order of the federal court…
The Federal government has Jurisdictio…
Dual sovereignty cases
dual
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
- constitutional interpretation, federal statue or treaty (th…
breaking both federal and state law
They US has a ________ court system
dual
What is the order of the federal court…
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
96 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
19th Amendment
abolishes slavery
provides citizenship, contains the Equal Protection and Due P…
gives men of every race the right to vote; right of citizens…
gives women the right to vote; right of citizens to vote is g…
13th Amendment
abolishes slavery
14th Amendment
provides citizenship, contains the Equal Protection and Due P…
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Trial
Appellate
Constitutional Courts
Legislative Courts
Answering a question of fact
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
- Article III of the Constitution... - Judges serve for good beh…
- Created by the Congress for Specialized purposes... - Terms ar…
Trial
Answering a question of fact
Appellate
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
30 terms
The Judiciary / Civil Liberties / Civil Rights
amicus curiae
brief
class-action suit
concurring opinion
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
A case brought by someone to help both himself or herself and…
A signed opinion in which one or more members agree with the…
amicus curiae
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
brief
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
The Judiciary/Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. 19th Amendment
abolishes slavery
Equal protection-civil rights (all protected, states vs 5th a…
voting protection for all men
women's suffrage
1. 13th Amendment
abolishes slavery
2. 14th Amendment
Equal protection-civil rights (all protected, states vs 5th a…
88 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/ Civil Rights
writ of certiorari
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme…
constitutional courts: district courts…
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
federal courts specifically created by the U.S constitution o…
writ of certiorari
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
28 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
judicial review
appellate jurisdiction
grand jury
judicial activism
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
12-23 people who privately hear evidence presented by the gov…
philosophy that judges should strike down laws that are incon…
judicial review
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
19 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Judicial review
is judicial review stated in the Const…
Marbury vs Madison
strict constructionist perspective
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
Judicial review
the view that justices should base decisions on a narrow inte…
Judicial review
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
is judicial review stated in the Const…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
72 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties Vocab
14th Amendment
Establishment clause
free exercise clause
Free Speech and Press
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from in…
people can express unpopular views
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
Establishment clause
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
Judiciary, Civil rights, and Civil Liberties
What were the consequences of the Supr…
The decisions of the United States Sup…
Define Judicial activism
The significance of the Supreme Court…
During wartime, limitations on civil rights have been upheld…
Judicial rulings suspected of being based on personal or poli…
...
This decision enabled judicial review which gave the supreme…
What were the consequences of the Supr…
During wartime, limitations on civil rights have been upheld…
The decisions of the United States Sup…
Judicial rulings suspected of being based on personal or poli…
38 terms
Gov Civil Rights and Liberties and Judiciary
What is a civil liberty?
What does the 1st amendment protect? (4)
Barron v Baltimore
Gitlow v. NY
A constitutional protection against the government
Speech, religion, assembly, petition
First amendment rights (and the bill of rights in general) we…
States have to follow the bill of rights too (due process cla…
What is a civil liberty?
A constitutional protection against the government
What does the 1st amendment protect? (4)
Speech, religion, assembly, petition
37 terms
Federal Judiciary and Civil Rights/Liberties
Dual Court System
Types of Federal Courts
Constitutional Courts
Special Courts
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
stated in the constitution: supreme court, court of appeals
implied they are need, but they aren't stated directly in the…
Dual Court System
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
Types of Federal Courts
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
53 terms
AP Gov Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and Judiciary
Barron v Baltimore
Gitlow v New York
Engle v Vitale
Lemon v Kurtzman
1833; Bill of Rights applies only to federal government; crea…
1925; first case which applied Bill of Rights to states throu…
1962; struck down a NY State nondenominational prayer with th…
1971; Lemon test: 1) legislation must have a secular *purpose…
Barron v Baltimore
1833; Bill of Rights applies only to federal government; crea…
Gitlow v New York
1925; first case which applied Bill of Rights to states throu…
AP Gov- Judiciary, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison
national supremacy
common law
established the federal court system by dividing the country…
Established judicial review. 1803.
...
a system of law based on precedent and customs
Judiciary Act of 1789
established the federal court system by dividing the country…
Marbury v. Madison
Established judicial review. 1803.
30 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights, and Liberties Jeopardy
federal courts - other than S.C. - are…
this federal court exercises both appe…
the court of the district of columbia…
most federal cases are heard in these…
Congress
Supreme Court
constitiutional court
district courts
federal courts - other than S.C. - are…
Congress
this federal court exercises both appe…
Supreme Court
96 terms
The judiciary with civil liberties and civil rights vocabulary
13th amendment
14th amendment
15th amendment
19th amendment
Abolishing slavery in the united States
addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws,
prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a ci…
prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the rig…
13th amendment
Abolishing slavery in the united States
14th amendment
addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws,
112 terms
AP Gov Judiciary, Civil Liberties, Civil Right
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison**
Judicial Review
national supremacy
Created federal courts that would coexist with the courts in…
involved a series of controversial last minute appointments:…
the power to declare congressional and presidential acts inva…
A constitutional doctrine that whenever conflict occurs betwe…
Judiciary Act of 1789
Created federal courts that would coexist with the courts in…
Marbury v. Madison**
involved a series of controversial last minute appointments:…
56 terms
AP Gov Civil Liberties/Rights and Judiciary
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government can…
The government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the U.S constitution, which large…
Enumerating rights in the constitution or Bill of Rights does…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government can…
Civil Rights
The government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
96 terms
The Judiciary w/ Civil Liberties & Civil Rights Vocab.
1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. 19th Amendment
It abolished slavery.
It gives citizenship to blacks. It implies the right to contr…
All men regardless of race can vote.
All women get to vote.
1. 13th Amendment
It abolished slavery.
2. 14th Amendment
It gives citizenship to blacks. It implies the right to contr…
Judiciary/Civil Rights/Civil Liberties Test
Structure of Court
Dual/Parallel Structure of System
Parties
Criminal vs Civil
District Courts, Courts of Appeals, Supreme Court
State Courts and Federal Courts
Political Affiliation could impact court's decision
Civil: When one party feels that they were harmed or wronged…
Structure of Court
District Courts, Courts of Appeals, Supreme Court
Dual/Parallel Structure of System
State Courts and Federal Courts
ap gov: judiciary, civil liberties, civil rights
civil liberty
civil right
establishment clause
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
legal and constitutional rightd that protact individuals from…
protection against discriminatory treatments by government of…
Clause in the First Amendment that states that Congress shall…
The Supreme Court declared that aid to church-related schools…
civil liberty
legal and constitutional rightd that protact individuals from…
civil right
protection against discriminatory treatments by government of…
The Judiciary w/ Civil Liberties & Civil Rights Vocab.
1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. 19th Amendment
It abolished slavery.
It gives citizenship to blacks. It implies the right to contr…
All men regardless of race can vote.
All women get to vote.
1. 13th Amendment
It abolished slavery.
2. 14th Amendment
It gives citizenship to blacks. It implies the right to contr…
106 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights Test Review
Judicial Review
Marbury v. Madison
Tenure
Judiciary Act of 1789
Power of the courts to review acts of other branches of gover…
Establish Judicial Review
A permanent post
Gave form and substance to federal judiciary... Established the…
Judicial Review
Power of the courts to review acts of other branches of gover…
Marbury v. Madison
Establish Judicial Review
96 terms
The Judiciary w/ Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
1 13th Amendment
2 14th Amendment
3 15th Amendment
4 19th Amendment
Abolishes and prohibits slavery
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, col…
Women gain the right to vote
1 13th Amendment
Abolishes and prohibits slavery
2 14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
38 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights Vocab
Writ of Certiorari
Certificate
Writ of Mandamus
Litigant
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
an extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a min…
any party to a lawsuit. This means plaintiff, defendant, peti…
Writ of Certiorari
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
Certificate
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
72 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Terms
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Barron v Baltimore (1833)
Upon taking office, Jefferson wanted to block Federalist appo…
A landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States…
Allows federal control of interstate commerce under commerce…
Bill of rights limited only national government... Bill of Right…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Upon taking office, Jefferson wanted to block Federalist appo…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
A landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States…
96 terms
The Judiciary w/ Civil Liberties & Civil Rights Vocabulary
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
19th Amendment
Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude.
Gives citizenship rights to everyone regardless of race and g…
Gives citizens the right to vote regardless of color or race
Gives citizens the right to vote regardless of sex
13th Amendment
Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude.
14th Amendment
Gives citizenship rights to everyone regardless of race and g…
57 terms
UNIT 6: The Judiciary / Civil Liberties / Civil Rights
Civil liberties
due process of law
equal protection of the laws
selective incorporation
Rights-chiefly, rights to be free of government interference-…
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
The process whereby the Court has applied most, but not all p…
Civil liberties
Rights-chiefly, rights to be free of government interference-…
due process of law
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
Lesson 7 - The Judiciary, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties
Judicial Review
Founding
Precedent
Judicial Restraint
______ is the power of courts to review the actions of govern…
The ______ Era (1790-1865) in Supreme Court History was prima…
A ______ is where judges make use of previous court decisions…
________ views the court as playing only a limited role in go…
Judicial Review
______ is the power of courts to review the actions of govern…
Founding
The ______ Era (1790-1865) in Supreme Court History was prima…
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Vocabulary
Autonomy
Classes or Categories of Individuals
Economic Rights
Negative Rights
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
under most legal systems members of certain classes or catego…
those rights essential to citizens that allow them to earn a…
those rights that prohibit government from acting in certain…
Autonomy
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
Classes or Categories of Individuals
under most legal systems members of certain classes or catego…
64 terms
Unit V Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
Writ of Certiorari
Amicus Curiae
rule of four
stare decisis
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
"Friend of the court"; interested groups that are not involve…
Requirement that a case can only be heard by the Supreme Cour…
"Let the decision stand," or allowing prior rulings to contro…
Writ of Certiorari
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
Amicus Curiae
"Friend of the court"; interested groups that are not involve…
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