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Study sets matching "life science biology chapter 5"

24 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of trains from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity
The joining of an egg and a sperm
heredity
The passing of trains from parents to offspring
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
13 terms
Chapter 5 Life Science
name for a tool that helps us discover…
eye color or hair color is an example…
Phenotype
heterozygous
punnett square
trait
physical appearance
has two different alleles for a trait
name for a tool that helps us discover…
punnett square
eye color or hair color is an example…
trait
14 terms
Life Science - Chapter 5
biotic
abiotic
atmosphere
soil
the features of an environment that are alive or were once al…
the nonliving physical features of an environment
the air that surrounds the Earth
a mixture of mineral and rock particles, the remains of dead…
biotic
the features of an environment that are alive or were once al…
abiotic
the nonliving physical features of an environment
27 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
chromosome
gene
diploid
cell division
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
2 sets of chromosomes
The process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
chromosome
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
20 terms
Life science chapter 5
evolution
naturalist
natural selection
adaptation
change in a species over time
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
the process by which organisms, with traits that help them ad…
inheritance of traits that allow an organism to survive In a…
evolution
change in a species over time
naturalist
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
22 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
invasive organisim
conserve
recycle
pollutions
a plant or animal that does not belong in a place and harms
to use a resources in a careful way
to use something again
a harmful substance that people put into the air, water, and…
invasive organisim
a plant or animal that does not belong in a place and harms
conserve
to use a resources in a careful way
18 terms
Biology: Science for Life Chapter 5
Global Warming
Greenhouse Effect
Heat
Temperature
Increases in average temperatures as a result of the release…
The retention of heat in the atmosphere by carbon dioxide and…
The total amount of energy associated with the movement of at…
A measure of the intensity of heat or kinetic energy.
Global Warming
Increases in average temperatures as a result of the release…
Greenhouse Effect
The retention of heat in the atmosphere by carbon dioxide and…
26 terms
life Science chapter 5
colonial organism
microscopic
tissue
organs
organism that made of many cells that usually live together,…
an organism that is so small that it ca not be seen without t…
groups of similar cells that work together to perform a parti…
groups of tissues that work together to accomplish a particul…
colonial organism
organism that made of many cells that usually live together,…
microscopic
an organism that is so small that it ca not be seen without t…
38 terms
Life: Science of Biology Chapter 5 Terms
basal body
cell theory
cell wall
chloroplast
A centriole found at the base of a eukaryotic flagellum or ci…
States that cells are the basic structural and physiological…
A relatively rigid structure that encloses cells of plants, f…
An organelle bounded by a double membrane containing the enzy…
basal body
A centriole found at the base of a eukaryotic flagellum or ci…
cell theory
States that cells are the basic structural and physiological…
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
evolution
naturalist
natural selection
adaptation
change in a species over time
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
the process by which organisms, with traits that help them ad…
inheritance of traits that allow an organism to survive In a…
evolution
change in a species over time
naturalist
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
11 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
adaptation
behavioral adaptation
camouflage
habitat
a variation that helps an organism survive in its environment
a behavior that helps an organism survive in its environment
a physical adaptation that helps an animal blend into its sur…
a place where an organism lives
adaptation
a variation that helps an organism survive in its environment
behavioral adaptation
a behavior that helps an organism survive in its environment
8 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
organ
cellular respiration
aerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic cellular respiration
Two or more tissues that work together to perform a specific…
The process by which cells obtain usable energy from energy s…
The process by which cells use oxygen to obtain useable energ…
The processes by which cells obtain energy from an energy sou…
organ
Two or more tissues that work together to perform a specific…
cellular respiration
The process by which cells obtain usable energy from energy s…
33 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
Genes
Chromosomes
Diploid Cell
Cell Division
Specific sections of DNA that code for a specific protein... con…
are kept in the nucleus... consist of DNA and special proteins... o…
A cell that has pairs of chromosomes
Occurs when one cell (parent cell) divides to produce two new…
Genes
Specific sections of DNA that code for a specific protein... con…
Chromosomes
are kept in the nucleus... consist of DNA and special proteins... o…
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
What did Mendel use to conduct his fam…
What is a hybrid?
What is a dominant allele?
When a plant has two recessive alleles…
Pea plants
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An allele whose trait always shows up in an organism when the…
tt (two dominant = TT)
What did Mendel use to conduct his fam…
Pea plants
What is a hybrid?
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
15 terms
Life Science: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
evolution
extinct
fossil
mutation
change over time
when all the organisms of a species die
the physical remains of a plant or animal preserved in rock o…
when the bases appear in a different order in a DNA molecule
evolution
change over time
extinct
when all the organisms of a species die
67 terms
Chapter 5: Life Sciences
cells
carbon-based biochemistry
homeostasis
response to stimuli
- basic unit of life ... - smallest structural unit of an organi…
living organisms are characterized by this
ability to maintain a state of internal balance
all respond to environment ... ex: contractions to complex react…
cells
- basic unit of life ... - smallest structural unit of an organi…
carbon-based biochemistry
living organisms are characterized by this
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity
The joining of an egg and a sperm
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Biology Life on Earth chapter 5
active transport
aquaporin
concentration
concentration gradient
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
the number of particles of a dissolved substance in a given u…
the difference in concentration of a substance between two pa…
active transport
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
aquaporin
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
32 terms
Biology: Exploring Life Chapter 5
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
81 terms
Life Science Chapter 5 genetics
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity
The joining of an egg and a sperm
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Life Science Chapter 5
William Paley
homology
specified complexity
mutations
Argued that design in nature is evidence of God's existence
similarity of structure
must have meaning and cannot occur by chance, an example is a…
sudden, permanent, random change in an organism's DNA
William Paley
Argued that design in nature is evidence of God's existence
homology
similarity of structure
27 terms
BJU Life Science, Chapter 5, 4th Edition
chromosome
gene
diploid
cell division
A strand of DNA with associated proteins that is usually foun…
A segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein (or part o…
Having two of each type of chromosome in the cells of an orga…
The division of one cell into two cells; includes mitosis and…
chromosome
A strand of DNA with associated proteins that is usually foun…
gene
A segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein (or part o…
14 terms
CPO Life Science chap 5
diagram of an animal cell
cell nucleus
cell membrane
mitochondria
The _______ _______ is covered with a membrane that allows ma…
The _______ _______ is a thin layer that separates the inside…
_______ are called the "powerhouses" of cells. They produce m…
diagram of an animal cell
cell nucleus
The _______ _______ is covered with a membrane that allows ma…
Life Science Chapter 5
Genes
Chromosomes
Diploid Cell
Cell Division
Specific sections of DNA that code for a specific protein... con…
are kept in the nucleus... consist of DNA and special proteins... o…
A cell that has pairs of chromosomes
Occurs when one cell (parent cell) divides to produce two new…
Genes
Specific sections of DNA that code for a specific protein... con…
Chromosomes
are kept in the nucleus... consist of DNA and special proteins... o…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 5
Multiple Alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked genes
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
genes on the X or Y chromosome
person who has a recessive allele but does not have the trait
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosomes
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
Chapter 5 Life Science
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
true-breeding
_______ is the passing of traits from parents to offspring
In the 1850s, _______, an Australian friar, performed experim…
_________ is the study of how traits pass from parents to off…
When a ______ plant self pollinates, it always produces offsp…
Heredity
_______ is the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Gregor Mendel
In the 1850s, _______, an Australian friar, performed experim…
Life Science Chapter 5
The process of regrowing missing body…
Which base always binds with adenine i…
In which type of reproduction does off…
What does DNA stand for?
Regeneration
thymine
sexual reproduction
deoxyribo nucleic acid
The process of regrowing missing body…
Regeneration
Which base always binds with adenine i…
thymine
17 terms
Bryce's Chapter 5 Life Science Vocabulary
Nitrogen bases
DNA replication
Messenger RNA
transfer RNA
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
Before the cell divides, the process in which DNA copys it's…
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
Nitrogen bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements.
DNA replication
Before the cell divides, the process in which DNA copys it's…
11 terms
Life science vocabulary- chapter 5
Adaption
Predator
Variation
Genetic diversity
Any trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
An organism that kills and eats other organisms
The difference among individuals of the same species
The variation in genes among members of the same species
Adaption
Any trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Predator
An organism that kills and eats other organisms
24 terms
Science Shepherd Life Science Chapter 5
aerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic respiration
carotenoids
chlorophyll
the series of biological reactions, occurring in mitochondria…
the series of biological reactions that makes ATP by breaking…
plant pigments, which absorb light of different wavelengths t…
the main plant molecule responsible for trapping energy from…
aerobic cellular respiration
the series of biological reactions, occurring in mitochondria…
anaerobic respiration
the series of biological reactions that makes ATP by breaking…
13 terms
Life science chapter 5
Organ
Turgor pressure
Cellular respiration
Enzymes
A group of tissues that perform a function
Lots of water inside a cell that has a cell wall.
Breakdown of sugar by cells for energy.
Breakdown sugar to release energy.
Organ
A group of tissues that perform a function
Turgor pressure
Lots of water inside a cell that has a cell wall.
11 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary-Life Science
Consumer
Producer
Decomposers
Herbivores
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms…
An organism that can make its own food in an ecosystem. Ex: A…
The recyclers of nature. They break down biotic wastes and de…
Consumers that only eat plants. Ex: Caterpillar and Deer
Consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms…
Producer
An organism that can make its own food in an ecosystem. Ex: A…
13 terms
Chapter 5 life Science
heterozygous
homozygous
mutation
pedigree
if the two alleles of a gene are different
two alleles of a gene are the same its genotype
a charge in the moleotide sequence of a gene
shows phenotypes of genetically related family members dna
heterozygous
if the two alleles of a gene are different
homozygous
two alleles of a gene are the same its genotype
12 terms
Life Science - Chapter 5 - Heredity
inheritance
genes
allele
homozygous
the process of genetic transmission of characteristics from p…
a hereditary unit consisting of DNA on a chromosome and deter…
one version of a gene that codes for a characteristic
have the same alleles for a gene, ex.: RR or rr
inheritance
the process of genetic transmission of characteristics from p…
genes
a hereditary unit consisting of DNA on a chromosome and deter…
15 terms
Chapter 5 Life Science
Mendel
Hemophilia
XY
XX
Father of genetics; experimented with pea plants
bleeding disorder
male
Female
Mendel
Father of genetics; experimented with pea plants
Hemophilia
bleeding disorder
5 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
deciduous
evergreen
hibernate
migrate
plant sheds its leaves every year
a plant that keeps its green leaves all year
go into a state that is like a deep sleep during cold winter…
move to another place to meet their basic needs
deciduous
plant sheds its leaves every year
evergreen
a plant that keeps its green leaves all year
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
heredity
allele
genetics
hybrid
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
the different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
the study of how traits are inherited through the actions of…
an offspring that was given different genetic information for…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
allele
the different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
14 terms
Life Science - Chapter 5
aerobic cellular respiration
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic cellular respiration
cellular respiration
the process by which cells use oxygen to obtain usable energy…
anaerobic cellular respiration that produces alcohol and carb…
the process by which cells obtain energy from an energy sourc…
the process by which cells obtain usable energy from energy s…
aerobic cellular respiration
the process by which cells use oxygen to obtain usable energy…
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic cellular respiration that produces alcohol and carb…
32 terms
Biology: Exploring Life Chapter 5
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms
group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictabl…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
24 terms
California Life Science: Chapter 5
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gregor Mandel
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Each different form of a physical characteristic such as heig…
The scientific study of heredity
Formed the foundation of genetics in the 1860s and 50s by doi…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
Each different form of a physical characteristic such as heig…
59 terms
BJUP 7th Life Science Chapter 5
sexual reproduction
interphase
amino acid
tRNA
In which type of reproduction does the offspring receive gene…
In which phase of cell division, does a cell make a copy of i…
A codon codes what?
Which of the following never contains the code for a sequence…
sexual reproduction
In which type of reproduction does the offspring receive gene…
interphase
In which phase of cell division, does a cell make a copy of i…
10 terms
Life Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondria
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Energy-releasing chemical breakdown of glucose molucules and…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
Chloroplasts
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
evolution
naturalist
natural selection
adaptation
change in a species over time
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
the process by which organisms, with traits that help them ad…
inheritance of traits that allow an organism to survive In a…
evolution
change in a species over time
naturalist
a person who studies the natural world including plants, rock…
27 terms
Life Science Chapter 5 vocabulary
chromosome
gene
diploid
cell division
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
2 sets of chromosomes
The process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
chromosome
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
29 terms
Life Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Classification
Kingdoms
Phylum
Species
a system to help biologist study a group of organisms, rather…
The two largest groups used to classify organisms.
division of a kingdom to classify an organisms.
the smallest classification group in which members look alike…
Classification
a system to help biologist study a group of organisms, rather…
Kingdoms
The two largest groups used to classify organisms.
Chapter 5 Life Science
Chromosome
Where is a chromosome found?
Gene
where is a gene located?
storage units for a gene
in the nucleus
specific sections of DNA that code for a specific protein
located on chromosomes
Chromosome
storage units for a gene
Where is a chromosome found?
in the nucleus
30 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 5
chromosomes
gene
diploid
cell division
a strand of DNA with associated proteins that is usually foun…
a segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein or part of…
having two of each type of chromosome in the cells of an orga…
the division of one cell into two cells; includes mitosis and…
chromosomes
a strand of DNA with associated proteins that is usually foun…
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein or part of…
12 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
Heredity
Dominant Trait
Recessive Trait
Gene
Passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
The trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
A trait that reappears in the second generation after disappe…
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
Heredity
Passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
Dominant Trait
The trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
8 terms
Cable - Life Science - Chapter 5
organ system
circulatory system
respiratory system
digestive system
a group of organs that work together to do a specific job in…
a group of organs that carries blood and oxygen to the body a…
a group of organs that takes oxygen into the body and removes…
a group of organs that breaks food down into nutrients the bo…
organ system
a group of organs that work together to do a specific job in…
circulatory system
a group of organs that carries blood and oxygen to the body a…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Life Science
multiple alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
three or mores forms of a gene that code for a single for a s…
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
three or mores forms of a gene that code for a single for a s…
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
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