Study sets matching "life science chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "life science chapter 4"

29 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
colonial organism
organs
cell-tissue-organ-organ system
division of labor
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
tissues are often organized into _______________
the correct level of cellular organization, from least comple…
the specialized functions performed by organs and tissues of…
colonial organism
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
organs
tissues are often organized into _______________
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 Combined
asexual reproduction
fission
budding
regeneration
- when a parent organism creates an exact copy of itself with…
- cell division in prokaryote cells that results in two genet…
- when a parent organism grows an offspring attached to the b…
- when a new organism can grow out of part of the parent.
asexual reproduction
- when a parent organism creates an exact copy of itself with…
fission
- cell division in prokaryote cells that results in two genet…
Life Science Chapter 4
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigment
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
An organism that makes its own food
an organism that cannot make its own food.
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light
photosynthesis
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
Life Science: Chapter 4 Cells
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
the barrier in all cells
structures that have specific jobs inside cells
a type of organelle that stores DNA
cell
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
cell membrane
the barrier in all cells
25 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
What is photosynthesis?
What are the chloroplasts?
What do plant cells make in the second…
Besides sugar, what elese do plants pr…
The process when plants use sunlight to make food (p.119)
The organelle where photosynthesis takes place (p.120)
Sugar (p.121)
Oxygen (p.121)
What is photosynthesis?
The process when plants use sunlight to make food (p.119)
What are the chloroplasts?
The organelle where photosynthesis takes place (p.120)
Chapter 4 Vocabulary- Life Science
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
CHROMOSOME
DIPLOID
DNA
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
CHROMOSOME
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
18 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
adaptation
camouflage
variation
extinction
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
A different form of a feature of the same kind of living thing.
The complete loss of one kind of living thing.
adaptation
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
camouflage
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
25 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
circulatory system
arteries
capillary
vein
the body's "transportation system" consisting of the heart, b…
blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart to other p…
the smallest kind of blood vessel
blood vessels that transport blood TOWARD the heart
circulatory system
the body's "transportation system" consisting of the heart, b…
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart to other p…
19 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
cell membrane
selectively permeable
passive transport
diffusion
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
Allowing only certain molecules to pass through.
The passage of substances across a membrane without the use o…
The movement of molecules from an area of higher concentratio…
cell membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
selectively permeable
Allowing only certain molecules to pass through.
15 terms
chapter 4 life science
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
type of reproduction in which the genetic material from two d…
female sex cell
male sex cell
during this process an egg and sperm join together
sexual reproduction
type of reproduction in which the genetic material from two d…
egg
female sex cell
14 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across the cell membrane that requ…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
16 terms
Life Science - Chapter 4
The female sex cell
The male sex cell
Male sex cells form in these
Female sex cells form here
egg
sperm
testes
ovary
The female sex cell
egg
The male sex cell
sperm
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
Mitosis (1)
Chromosome (1)
Asexual Reproduction (1)
Sexual Reproduction (2)
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
A type of reproduction -- fission, budding, and regeneration…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
Mitosis (1)
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Chromosome (1)
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
Chapter 4.1 Life Science
inherit traits
reading, drawing, riding a bike, speak…
eye color, hair color, color of skin,…
mixing of traits
Living things ___________ ________ in patterns.
What are some traits that are learned?
What are some traits that are inherited?
The _________________ can only occur in sexual reproduction
inherit traits
Living things ___________ ________ in patterns.
reading, drawing, riding a bike, speak…
What are some traits that are learned?
Chapter 4 Life Science
Camouflage
Adaptation
Variation
Extinction
A color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment
A different form of a feature of the same kind of living thing
The complete loss of one kind of living thing
Camouflage
A color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
Adaptation
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment
6 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 Lesson 2
asexual reproduction
fission
budding
regeneration
- when a parent organism creates an exact copy of itself with…
- cell division in prokaryote cells that results in two genet…
- when a parent organism grows an offspring attached to the b…
- when a new organism can grow out of part of the parent.
asexual reproduction
- when a parent organism creates an exact copy of itself with…
fission
- cell division in prokaryote cells that results in two genet…
Life Science Chapter 4
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive Transport
Active transport
Movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low…
Diffusion of water through a cell membrane
Movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
Movement of substances across the cell membrane that require…
Diffusion
Movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a cell membrane
27 terms
chapter 4 life science
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from an area where their concentrat…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane
the diffusion of particles proteins in the cell membrane from…
the movement od particles through proteins in the cell membra…
diffusion
the movement of particles from an area where their concentrat…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane
BJU Life Science, Chapter 4, 4th Edition
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
A group of tissues that work together to perform a specific f…
A group of organs that work together to perform a life functi…
colonial
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
20 terms
Life science chapter 4
allele
dominant
gene
genetics
each form of a gene with different information
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a section of DNA that has information about a specific trait
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
allele
each form of a gene with different information
dominant
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
Life Science Chapter 4
carbohydrate
fiber
protein
fats
sugars and starches that are an important source of energy
since it cannot be digested it cleans the intestinal walls
it is used to build and repair the body's cells
transports vitamins in the bloodstream,
carbohydrate
sugars and starches that are an important source of energy
fiber
since it cannot be digested it cleans the intestinal walls
21 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
tissue
microscopic
cells
organs
What are similar cells that work together to perform a functi…
What type of organism is so small that it cannot be seen clea…
What are the basic building block of life?
What are groups of tissues that work together to accomplish a…
tissue
What are similar cells that work together to perform a functi…
microscopic
What type of organism is so small that it cannot be seen clea…
Chapter 4 Vocabulary-Life Science
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
Nitrogen Fixation
The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy…
The process by which a gas changes to a liquid. Ex: Dew + Clo…
What happens after the drops of water in clouds grow larger.…
The process of changing free nitrogen (not combined with othe…
Evaporation
The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy…
Condensation
The process by which a gas changes to a liquid. Ex: Dew + Clo…
17 terms
Life Science- Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Trait
Heredity
Genetics
Gamete
A characteristic of an organism
The passing of traits from one generation to the next
The field of biology devoted to studying heredity
A sex cell
Trait
A characteristic of an organism
Heredity
The passing of traits from one generation to the next
21 terms
Life Science Chapter 4: Genetics
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Life Science Chapter 4
parasite
endangered
competition
extinct
an organism that lives on or in another orgainism, helping it…
a species whose population has been reduced to such small num…
when two or more species in an ecosystem must use the same li…
no longer living, as an entire species, or no longer active,…
parasite
an organism that lives on or in another orgainism, helping it…
endangered
a species whose population has been reduced to such small num…
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
allele
dominant
gene
genetics
each form of a gene with different information
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a section of DNA that has information about a specific trait
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
allele
each form of a gene with different information
dominant
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
33 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 - Cell Reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
metaphase
anaphase
cell is in active stage... DNA replicates itself
nucleolus and nucleus disappear... Chromosomes are visible
chromosomes line up along the center of the cell and attach t…
the spindle fibers go to work like a tugboat, pulling each pa…
Interphase
cell is in active stage... DNA replicates itself
Prophase
nucleolus and nucleus disappear... Chromosomes are visible
30 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 notes
Know Mitosis Well!!!!
Steps of Mitosis
Cells spend MOST of their time in
INTERPHASE
Lot of questions on this
1. Interphase - cells chromosomes duplicate... 2. Prophase... 3. Me…
INTERPHASE
Chromosomes spread out. Copying DNA
Know Mitosis Well!!!!
Lot of questions on this
Steps of Mitosis
1. Interphase - cells chromosomes duplicate... 2. Prophase... 3. Me…
33 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Modern Genetics
multiple alleles
sex-linked gene
carrier
pedigree
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a gene that is carried out on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
a chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex-linked gene
a gene that is carried out on the X or Y chromosome
28 terms
Glencoe Life Science Chapter 4 - Cell Reproduction
Mitosis
Chromosomes
Sperm
Eggs
A series of four phases or steps. The process in which the nu…
A structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
The sex cell made in the male reproductive organs
The sex cell formed in the female reproductive organs
Mitosis
A series of four phases or steps. The process in which the nu…
Chromosomes
A structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
21 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
Mitosis
Chromosome
Interphase
Centromere
nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei
structures in the nucleus that contain DNA
Step A: chromosomes (though invisible) are actively duplicating
the region that holds double-stranded chromosomes together
Mitosis
nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei
Chromosome
structures in the nucleus that contain DNA
12 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 4: Cell Activities
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
colonial
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Life Science Chapter 4
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity.
the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to for…
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
12 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science - BJU
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
a group of tissue that work together to perform a specific fu…
a group of organs that work together to perform a life function
colonial
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
BJU Life Science Chapter 4
active transport
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
the movement of particles through a membrane, requiring the u…
the thin covering that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
a rigid structure manufactured by certain organisms and secre…
a cellular organelle that contains chlorophyll and other pigm…
active transport
the movement of particles through a membrane, requiring the u…
cell membrane
the thin covering that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
Life Science chapter 4 vocab
tissue
organ
organ system
organism
A group of cells work together to perform a specific job in t…
Two or more tissues work together to perform a specific job.…
A group of organs working together to perform a specific job.…
Anything that can live on its own.
tissue
A group of cells work together to perform a specific job in t…
organ
Two or more tissues work together to perform a specific job.…
Chapter 4 Life Science
Sexual Reproduction
Gene
Heredity
allele
Where female and male cells combine to make an offspring with…
basic unit of heredity that consists of a segment of DNA on a…
Passing on of genes from parents to offsprnig the genes are e…
an alternate form of a gene for a specific trait or gene prod…
Sexual Reproduction
Where female and male cells combine to make an offspring with…
Gene
basic unit of heredity that consists of a segment of DNA on a…
Life Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
cross-pollinate
trait
allele
dominant trait
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
a member of a gene pair
a trait that is most likely to appear in offspring
cross-pollinate
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
trait
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
BJU Life Science - Chapter 4: Cell Activities
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
colonial
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Chapter 4 Quiz Review-Life Science
Nucleus
Vesicles
Lysosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules; dig…
"Cell highway", transports goods and materials throughout the…
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
Vesicles
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
13 terms
CPO life science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Atom
Compound
Molecule
Refraction
The smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical i…
A substance that contains two or more different elements that…
A group of two or more atoms joined together chemically
The bending of light as it crosses a boundary between two dif…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical i…
Compound
A substance that contains two or more different elements that…
35 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 4-Heredity
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of genes from parent to offspring
Each different form of a characteristic
The scientific study of heredity
When the egg and sperm combine
Heredity
The passing of genes from parent to offspring
Trait
Each different form of a characteristic
21 terms
Life Science - Chapter 4
Active transport
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chloroplast
The passage of particles through a membrane which requires th…
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
A rigid structure manufactured by certain organisms and secre…
The green pigment that aids in capturing light energy necessa…
Active transport
The passage of particles through a membrane which requires th…
Cell membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
26 terms
Science Shepherd Life Science Chapter 4
active transport
cell membrane
cell theory
chitin
the energy-requiring process moving molecules across a membra…
the outer cell boundary that protects the components of the i…
the theory that states that all organisms are composed of one…
the carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi (mushr…
active transport
the energy-requiring process moving molecules across a membra…
cell membrane
the outer cell boundary that protects the components of the i…
21 terms
LLCA Life Science Chapter 4
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Organelle
Passive Transport
The cell wall is a rigid layer that surrounds plants, fungi,…
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
The parts of a cell that perform many of the functions needed…
The movement of substances through a membrane without the use…
Cell Wall
The cell wall is a rigid layer that surrounds plants, fungi,…
Cell Membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Homologous chromosomes
Mitosis
The life cycle of a cell
Eukaryotic: structure in nucleus made of DNA and protein Prok…
Chromosomes that have same sequence of genes and the same str…
Eukaryotic: process of cell that forms two new nuclei, each h…
Cell Cycle
The life cycle of a cell
Chromosome
Eukaryotic: structure in nucleus made of DNA and protein Prok…
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
fertilization
Process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a ge…
Male sex cell
Female sex cell
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
sexual reproduction
Process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a ge…
sperm
Male sex cell
15 terms
Chapter 4 life science
mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the process in which the nucleus divides to form an identical…
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
a new organism is produced from one organism
two sex cells sometimes called an egg and a sperm come together
mitosis
the process in which the nucleus divides to form an identical…
Chromosome
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
Chapter 4 Life Science
colonial organism
organs
cell-tissue-organ-organ system
division of labor
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
tissues are often organized into _______________
the correct level of cellular organization, from least comple…
the specialized functions performed by organs and tissues of…
colonial organism
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
organs
tissues are often organized into _______________
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