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Study sets matching "life science chapter 4"

16 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigment
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
An organism that makes its own food
an organism that cannot make its own food.
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light
photosynthesis
the process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
18 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
adaptation
camouflage
variation
extinction
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
A different form of a feature of the same kind of living thing.
The complete loss of one kind of living thing.
adaptation
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
camouflage
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
21 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Cells
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
the barrier in all cells
structures that have specific jobs inside cells
a type of organelle that stores DNA
cell
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
cell membrane
the barrier in all cells
15 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary- Life Science
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
CHROMOSOME
DIPLOID
DNA
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
CHROMOSOME
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
25 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
What is photosynthesis?
What are the chloroplasts?
What do plant cells make in the second…
Besides sugar, what elese do plants pr…
The process when plants use sunlight to make food (p.119)
The organelle where photosynthesis takes place (p.120)
Sugar (p.121)
Oxygen (p.121)
What is photosynthesis?
The process when plants use sunlight to make food (p.119)
What are the chloroplasts?
The organelle where photosynthesis takes place (p.120)
25 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
circulatory system
arteries
capillary
vein
the body's "transportation system" consisting of the heart, b…
blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart to other p…
the smallest kind of blood vessel
blood vessels that transport blood TOWARD the heart
circulatory system
the body's "transportation system" consisting of the heart, b…
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood AWAY from the heart to other p…
19 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
cell membrane
selectively permeable
passive transport
diffusion
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
Allowing only certain molecules to pass through.
The passage of substances across a membrane without the use o…
The movement of molecules from an area of higher concentratio…
cell membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
selectively permeable
Allowing only certain molecules to pass through.
21 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
Mitosis
Chromosome
Interphase
Centromere
nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei
structures in the nucleus that contain DNA
Step A: chromosomes (though invisible) are actively duplicating
the region that holds double-stranded chromosomes together
Mitosis
nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei
Chromosome
structures in the nucleus that contain DNA
16 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
cross-pollinate
trait
allele
dominant trait
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
a member of a gene pair
a trait that is most likely to appear in offspring
cross-pollinate
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
trait
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
15 terms
chapter 4 life science
sexual reproduction
egg
sperm
fertilization
type of reproduction in which the genetic material from two d…
female sex cell
male sex cell
during this process an egg and sperm join together
sexual reproduction
type of reproduction in which the genetic material from two d…
egg
female sex cell
14 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across the cell membrane that requ…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
20 terms
Chapter 4.1 Life Science
inherit traits
reading, drawing, riding a bike, speak…
eye color, hair color, color of skin,…
mixing of traits
Living things ___________ ________ in patterns.
What are some traits that are learned?
What are some traits that are inherited?
The _________________ can only occur in sexual reproduction
inherit traits
Living things ___________ ________ in patterns.
reading, drawing, riding a bike, speak…
What are some traits that are learned?
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
Mitosis (1)
Chromosome (1)
Asexual Reproduction (1)
Sexual Reproduction (2)
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
A type of reproduction -- fission, budding, and regeneration…
A type of reproduction in which two sex cells, usually an egg…
Mitosis (1)
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei…
Chromosome (1)
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains hereditary materi…
66 terms
chapter 4 life science
What helps muscles move correctly and…
________________, a nutrient found in…
How many milligrams of calcium do teen…
How many hours of sleep do most people…
Potassium
Iron
1300 mg
8-10 hours
What helps muscles move correctly and…
Potassium
________________, a nutrient found in…
Iron
9 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive Transport
Active transport
Movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low…
Diffusion of water through a cell membrane
Movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
Movement of substances across the cell membrane that require…
Diffusion
Movement from an area of high concentration to an area of low…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a cell membrane
16 terms
Life Science - Chapter 4
The female sex cell
The male sex cell
Male sex cells form in these
Female sex cells form here
egg
sperm
testes
ovary
The female sex cell
egg
The male sex cell
sperm
29 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
colonial organism
organs
cell-tissue-organ-organ system
division of labor
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
tissues are often organized into _______________
the correct level of cellular organization, from least comple…
the specialized functions performed by organs and tissues of…
colonial organism
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
organs
tissues are often organized into _______________
5 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
adaptation
camouflage
variation
fossils
a feature that enables a living thing to survive in its envir…
color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
a difference in a feature of one kind of living thing
the remains or trace of living things from long ago
adaptation
a feature that enables a living thing to survive in its envir…
camouflage
color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
33 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Modern Genetics
multiple alleles
sex-linked gene
carrier
pedigree
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
a gene that is carried out on the X or Y chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
a chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
multiple alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex-linked gene
a gene that is carried out on the X or Y chromosome
19 terms
LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 4
necessary for life
exercise helps your body more by stren…
What helps muscles move correctly and…
________________, a nutrient found in…
WATER
AEROBIC
POTASSIUM
IRON
necessary for life
WATER
exercise helps your body more by stren…
AEROBIC
27 terms
chapter 4 life science
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from an area where their concentrat…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane
the diffusion of particles proteins in the cell membrane from…
the movement od particles through proteins in the cell membra…
diffusion
the movement of particles from an area where their concentrat…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane
16 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
Camouflage
Adaptation
Variation
Extinction
A color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment
A different form of a feature of the same kind of living thing
The complete loss of one kind of living thing
Camouflage
A color or shape that makes a living thing hard to see
Adaptation
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment
12 terms
BJU Life Science, Chapter 4, 4th Edition
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
A group of tissues that work together to perform a specific f…
A group of organs that work together to perform a life functi…
colonial
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
36 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring.
Each different form of a characteristic is called
The scientific study of heredity.
A new organism begins to form when egg and sperm join in this…
Heredity
Passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Each different form of a characteristic is called
20 terms
Life science chapter 4
allele
dominant
gene
genetics
each form of a gene with different information
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a section of DNA that has information about a specific trait
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
allele
each form of a gene with different information
dominant
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
24 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science
egg
Sperm
fertilization
zygote
Formed in female reproductive organs
Formed in male reproductive organs
joining of egg and sperm
cell that forms from fertilization
egg
Formed in female reproductive organs
Sperm
Formed in male reproductive organs
33 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 - Cell Reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
metaphase
anaphase
cell is in active stage... DNA replicates itself
nucleolus and nucleus disappear... Chromosomes are visible
chromosomes line up along the center of the cell and attach t…
the spindle fibers go to work like a tugboat, pulling each pa…
Interphase
cell is in active stage... DNA replicates itself
Prophase
nucleolus and nucleus disappear... Chromosomes are visible
20 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
allele
dominant
gene
genetics
each form of a gene with different information
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a section of DNA that has information about a specific trait
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
allele
each form of a gene with different information
dominant
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
12 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 4: Cell Activities
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
colonial
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
21 terms
Life Science - Chapter 4 - Cell in Action
homeostasis
concentration
passive transport
diffusion
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
amount per unit of volume
requires no energy, substances move from high to low concentr…
moving particles from high to low concentration
homeostasis
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
concentration
amount per unit of volume
Life Science Chapter 4
carbohydrate
fiber
protein
fats
sugars and starches that are an important source of energy
since it cannot be digested it cleans the intestinal walls
it is used to build and repair the body's cells
transports vitamins in the bloodstream,
carbohydrate
sugars and starches that are an important source of energy
fiber
since it cannot be digested it cleans the intestinal walls
21 terms
Chapter 4 Quiz Review-Life Science
Nucleus
Vesicles
Lysosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules; dig…
"Cell highway", transports goods and materials throughout the…
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
Vesicles
"Mail men," small membrane bound sacs that transport material…
12 terms
BJU Life Science - Chapter 4: Cell Activities
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
colonial
describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function.
21 terms
LLCA Life Science Chapter 4
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Organelle
Passive Transport
The cell wall is a rigid layer that surrounds plants, fungi,…
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
The parts of a cell that perform many of the functions needed…
The movement of substances through a membrane without the use…
Cell Wall
The cell wall is a rigid layer that surrounds plants, fungi,…
Cell Membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell.
24 terms
CPO Life Science Chapter 4
What is an Element
What is an Atom
What is a Molecule
What is a Chemical Reaction
simplest form of matter
smallest particle of an element that keeps identity
group of two/or more atoms joined together
atoms of one/or more substances become one/or more new substa…
What is an Element
simplest form of matter
What is an Atom
smallest particle of an element that keeps identity
17 terms
Life Science- Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Trait
Heredity
Genetics
Gamete
A characteristic of an organism
The passing of traits from one generation to the next
The field of biology devoted to studying heredity
A sex cell
Trait
A characteristic of an organism
Heredity
The passing of traits from one generation to the next
27 terms
BJU Life Science, Chapter 4
microscopic; can live without the help…
made of many cells; cells CAN live ind…
made of cells, tissues, organs, and or…
the smallest living unit
unicellular organisms
colonial organisms
multicellular organisms
cell
microscopic; can live without the help…
unicellular organisms
made of many cells; cells CAN live ind…
colonial organisms
30 terms
Life Science Chapter 4 notes
Know Mitosis Well!!!!
Steps of Mitosis
Cells spend MOST of their time in
INTERPHASE
Lot of questions on this
1. Interphase - cells chromosomes duplicate... 2. Prophase... 3. Me…
INTERPHASE
Chromosomes spread out. Copying DNA
Know Mitosis Well!!!!
Lot of questions on this
Steps of Mitosis
1. Interphase - cells chromosomes duplicate... 2. Prophase... 3. Me…
27 terms
Holt Science& Technology: Life Science - Chapter 4: The Cell in Action
Homeostasis
Concentration
Concentration Gradient
Hypotonic
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
amount per unit of volume
a difference in concentrations between two regions (must exis…
water moves into cell, cell will expand
Homeostasis
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
Concentration
amount per unit of volume
19 terms
Life Science ch 4
COLONIAL ORGANISM
TISSUE
ORGAN
ORGAN SYSTEM
cells that can live alone, but prefer to be with other cells
a group of cells that work together to perform a job
groups of tissues that work together to do a job
a group of organs that work together to perform a life function
COLONIAL ORGANISM
cells that can live alone, but prefer to be with other cells
TISSUE
a group of cells that work together to perform a job
22 terms
BJU Life Science Chapter 4
active transport
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
the movement of particles through a membrane, requiring the u…
the thin covering that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
a rigid structure manufactured by certain organisms and secre…
a cellular organelle that contains chlorophyll and other pigm…
active transport
the movement of particles through a membrane, requiring the u…
cell membrane
the thin covering that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
19 terms
Chapter 4-Life science
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from crowded areas to areas that ar…
the diffusion of water through a cell membrane
moves particles from an area of high concentration to low con…
moves particles AGAINST the normal flow of diffusion (from lo…
diffusion
the movement of particles from crowded areas to areas that ar…
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a cell membrane
13 terms
CPO life science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Atom
Compound
Molecule
Refraction
The smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical i…
A substance that contains two or more different elements that…
A group of two or more atoms joined together chemically
The bending of light as it crosses a boundary between two dif…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical i…
Compound
A substance that contains two or more different elements that…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 4
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
15 terms
Chapter 4 life science
mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the process in which the nucleus divides to form an identical…
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
a new organism is produced from one organism
two sex cells sometimes called an egg and a sperm come together
mitosis
the process in which the nucleus divides to form an identical…
Chromosome
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
12 terms
Chapter 4 Life Science - BJU
colonial
tissue
organ
organ system
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
a group of tissue that work together to perform a specific fu…
a group of organs that work together to perform a life function
colonial
Describes a living thing that is composed of a group of simil…
tissue
a group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
15 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
mitosis
chromosome
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the process in which the nucleus divides to form two identica…
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
a new organism (sometimes more than one) is produced from one…
two sex cells, sometimes called an egg and a sperm, come toge…
mitosis
the process in which the nucleus divides to form two identica…
chromosome
a structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material
21 terms
Life Science - Chapter 4
Active transport
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chloroplast
The passage of particles through a membrane which requires th…
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
A rigid structure manufactured by certain organisms and secre…
The green pigment that aids in capturing light energy necessa…
Active transport
The passage of particles through a membrane which requires th…
Cell membrane
The membrane that surrounds all the cytoplasm of a cell
21 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity.
the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to for…
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Chapter 4 Life Science
colonial organism
organs
cell-tissue-organ-organ system
division of labor
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
tissues are often organized into _______________
the correct level of cellular organization, from least comple…
the specialized functions performed by organs and tissues of…
colonial organism
made of many cells that could live independently of each other
organs
tissues are often organized into _______________
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