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Study sets matching "ling110 lexicology"

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Study sets matching "ling110 lexicology"

36 terms
LING 110
Factors of Language
species uniform
critical period in human language
why do we study animals in relation to…
1. Arbitrary system... 2. Systematic, rule governed... 3. "Linguist…
1. Language is acquired by all children except in extreme cir…
a sensitive period of time which language acquisition is impo…
-to examine if language is species specific ... -to better under…
Factors of Language
1. Arbitrary system... 2. Systematic, rule governed... 3. "Linguist…
species uniform
1. Language is acquired by all children except in extreme cir…
9 terms
Ling 110 Ear and Audition!!
ear canal
ear drum
inner ear
cochlea
sound enters through the ___
sound vibrates the _________
the ______ turns vibrations into mechanical movement
spiral structure connected to inner ear at stapes, houses bas…
ear canal
sound enters through the ___
ear drum
sound vibrates the _________
23 terms
Ling 110
Logographic System
pictogram
logograms
Face threatening act
- System in which 1 symbol = 1 word... - includes pictograms, lo…
part of logographic system... -includes hieroglyphics
part of logographic system... -includes Chinese
-making a request
Logographic System
- System in which 1 symbol = 1 word... - includes pictograms, lo…
pictogram
part of logographic system... -includes hieroglyphics
22 terms
LING 110
articulatory processes
three major phonological units
two levels of phonological representat…
phoneme
- assimilation: nasalization, voicing assimilation, nasal pla…
the feature, the segment, and the syllable
- the phonetic representation that consists of predictable va…
- minimal unit of contrast (meaningful differences between sp…
articulatory processes
- assimilation: nasalization, voicing assimilation, nasal pla…
three major phonological units
the feature, the segment, and the syllable
57 terms
Ling 110
Lexical
Functional
Derivational
Inflectional
Free morphemes that can add new members (open class)
Free morphemes that cannot add new members ex: the, am, in
Bound morphemes that do change the syntactic category
Bound morphemes that serve a grammatical function. Ex: tense,…
Lexical
Free morphemes that can add new members (open class)
Functional
Free morphemes that cannot add new members ex: the, am, in
14 terms
LING 2001 Class 15 - Lexicology
Lexicology
Lexicographer
Encyclopedia
Dictionary
The study of words.
Decides what to include in the dictionary.
A "thing" book. Describes the reality of the world.
Written by language specialists for a non-specialist public.…
Lexicology
The study of words.
Lexicographer
Decides what to include in the dictionary.
69 terms
LING 110 Exam 3
neologism
etymology
borrowing
loan-translation or claque
new word. accepting the use of different forms of that new wo…
study of the origin and history of a word. many different way…
taking over of words from other languages.
a direct translation of the elements of a word into the borro…
neologism
new word. accepting the use of different forms of that new wo…
etymology
study of the origin and history of a word. many different way…
80 terms
LING 110 Exam 1
Wug test
Sound difference in pluralization
Plato's views of language and meaning
Prescriptive grammar rules
A test designed to elicit tacit knowledge about language and…
Universal and intrinsic - signifies a universal norm in a lan…
- Language originated by convention (arbitrary relation betwe…
Rules governing what people should and shouldn't say - do not…
Wug test
A test designed to elicit tacit knowledge about language and…
Sound difference in pluralization
Universal and intrinsic - signifies a universal norm in a lan…
50 terms
LING110
two views of languages & meaning did P…
what are the possible relations betwee…
difference btw prescriptive and descri…
what category do "traditional" Latin g…
1.Origins of language ... 2.Nature of meaning
1. language originated by convention (useless relation betwee…
-Prescriptive: how people should talk... -descriptive: how ppl a…
Romans
two views of languages & meaning did P…
1.Origins of language ... 2.Nature of meaning
what are the possible relations betwee…
1. language originated by convention (useless relation betwee…
107 terms
LING 110 Exam 4
semantics
cooing
babbling
one-word (holophrastic) stage
study of meaning of words and sentences
earliest use of speech-like sounds, occurs during first few m…
child produces combinations of vowels and consonants, occurs…
children begin to produce single unit utterances, occurs betw…
semantics
study of meaning of words and sentences
cooing
earliest use of speech-like sounds, occurs during first few m…
26 terms
LING 110 Exam 2
genie
genetic hypothesis
modalities
fiddler crabs
never exposed to language until after critical period; never…
children are biologically predisposed to learn language
scent, color, touch, posture, gesture, facial expression, etc.
claw waving; small number of mixed symbols, no combo, no rule…
genie
never exposed to language until after critical period; never…
genetic hypothesis
children are biologically predisposed to learn language
10 terms
LING 110 Base form set 1
syn
re
log
phag
together
again
speak
eat
syn
together
re
again
53 terms
Ling 110 Midterm 2
Phonetics
The vocal tract
Difference between theta and thorn
Stops
The study of language sounds; the biology of producing langua…
Nose, lips, front teeth, tongue, throat to glottis
Theta is voiced (adducted) and thorn is not (abducted)
Complete closure of the vocal tract
Phonetics
The study of language sounds; the biology of producing langua…
The vocal tract
Nose, lips, front teeth, tongue, throat to glottis
98 terms
Ling 110 Exam 3
Cortical Deafness
pure word deafness
Auditory Agnosia
McGurk Effect
cannot hear sounds... damage at level of the brain, not ears
cannot hear words, but non-speech (including music) perceptio…
can hear words, non speech sound recognition is poor; may or…
factor that affects speech perception... -visual info from faces
Cortical Deafness
cannot hear sounds... damage at level of the brain, not ears
pure word deafness
cannot hear words, but non-speech (including music) perceptio…
108 terms
LING-110 Midterm
Is a word a thing in a dictionary?
Is a word a unit of language with spac…
What are words?
What are we all born with?
No
No
Words are an intuitive part of language
Born with an aptitude for language
Is a word a thing in a dictionary?
No
Is a word a unit of language with spac…
No
12 terms
LING 110: Phonetics 1
phonetics
the vocal tract includes:
nose and mouth
nasals
- the study of language sounds... - and the biology of producing…
- nose... - mouth... - lips... - front teeth... - tongue... - throat to the…
- n vs. z... - m vs. "oo" (boot)
n, m... - through the nose... - velum is lowered
phonetics
- the study of language sounds... - and the biology of producing…
the vocal tract includes:
- nose... - mouth... - lips... - front teeth... - tongue... - throat to the…
50 terms
LING 110 Exam 2
Why study animals in relation to langu…
why do animals communicate?
in what ways is animal communication s…
What characteristics of the complex co…
1. investigate cognitive & conceptual capacities of animals... 2…
give warnings, mark territory, provide info about food source…
1. both use symbols to communicate meaning.... 2. animal communi…
1. invariant in number of symbols... 2. species dependent dialec…
Why study animals in relation to langu…
1. investigate cognitive & conceptual capacities of animals... 2…
why do animals communicate?
give warnings, mark territory, provide info about food source…
52 terms
LING 110 Exam 4
adverbs
prepositions
pronouns
syntactic rules: S
are words used, typically with verbs, to provide more informa…
are words used with nouns in phrases providing information ab…
she, herself, they, it, you
S --> NP (AUX) VP
adverbs
are words used, typically with verbs, to provide more informa…
prepositions
are words used with nouns in phrases providing information ab…
11 terms
LING 110: Psycholinguistics 2
Raymond Cattell 1885
independent measure
dependent measure
result
- reading words is faster than naming pictures... - concepts are…
what the experimenter is manipulating
what the experimenter is measuring
independent measure changed therefore dependent measure changed
Raymond Cattell 1885
- reading words is faster than naming pictures... - concepts are…
independent measure
what the experimenter is manipulating
28 terms
LING 110: Phonetics 2
phonetics
pulmonic egressive
Can air come from somewhere else?
glottal egressives: ejectives
the study of language sounds and the biology of producing lan…
air goes out from lungs
Yes, the glottis
1. close off glottis; oral constriction... 2. raise glottis to i…
phonetics
the study of language sounds and the biology of producing lan…
pulmonic egressive
air goes out from lungs
9 terms
LING 110: Vowels
i
ɨ
ɯ
u
high, front
high, central
unrounded, high, back
rounded, high, back
i
high, front
ɨ
high, central
21 terms
LING 110: Phonology
front, high vowel
rounded high, back vowel
low, front vowel
low, back vowel
i
u
æ
ɑ
front, high vowel
i
rounded high, back vowel
u
47 terms
LING 110 IPA
[p]
[b]
[t]
[d]
p in "spit"; bilabial voiceless stop
b in bib; bilabial voiced stop
t in stuck; alveolar voiceless stop
d in dip; alveolar voiced stop
[p]
p in "spit"; bilabial voiceless stop
[b]
b in bib; bilabial voiced stop
21 terms
LING 110: Consonants
p
b
t
d
unvoiced, labial, pulmonic stop
voiced, labial, pulmonic stop
unvoiced, alveolar, pulmonic stop
voiced, alveolar, pulmonic stop
p
unvoiced, labial, pulmonic stop
b
voiced, labial, pulmonic stop
64 terms
Ling 110 Exam 4
What is syntax?
What does 'internal structure mean?
What transformations (movement rules)…
What is an example of yes/no question…
Syntax is the knowledge of the way words combines to form phr…
The words in a sentence are not just like beads on a string.…
Yes no question formation. Passivization.
Will the dog bite the elephant?
What is syntax?
Syntax is the knowledge of the way words combines to form phr…
What does 'internal structure mean?
The words in a sentence are not just like beads on a string.…
41 terms
Exam 3 LING 110
What does categorical perception mean?
What does VOT mean?
How did we discuss categorial percepti…
What procedure for infants includes a…
Categorical perception means that a change in some variable a…
Voice Onset Time. It is a feature of the production of stop c…
A continuous manipulation of VOT, from a canonical [b] to a c…
High Amplitude Sucking (HAS)
What does categorical perception mean?
Categorical perception means that a change in some variable a…
What does VOT mean?
Voice Onset Time. It is a feature of the production of stop c…
14 terms
LING 110: Psycholinguistics 3
null result
Ganong (1980)
incremental
activation
- confirms the null hypothesis... - no statistical difference =…
- 17 participants and 7 endings... - heard the phoneme that made…
- we don't wait until the end of a word to figure it out... - wh…
- (roughly) energy... - more activation = more easily recognized…
null result
- confirms the null hypothesis... - no statistical difference =…
Ganong (1980)
- 17 participants and 7 endings... - heard the phoneme that made…
87 terms
Ling 110 Exam 4
meaning of word is actual object it de…
attitudes, feelings, and opinions abou…
Who created the first thesaurus
6 sub groups of thesaurus
denotational meaning
connotative meaning
Peter Mark Roget
abstract relations, space, matter, intellect, volition, affec…
meaning of word is actual object it de…
denotational meaning
attitudes, feelings, and opinions abou…
connotative meaning
26 terms
Ling 110 Final Studies
Brown and Lenneberg
Berlin and Kay
Rosch
Davidoff et. al.
relationship between codability and recognition
basic colour terms and their constraints; implicational hiera…
Dani and English colours: Dani only have two colours but can…
Berinmo people of Papua New Guinea; used five basic colour te…
Brown and Lenneberg
relationship between codability and recognition
Berlin and Kay
basic colour terms and their constraints; implicational hiera…
33 terms
LING 110 Lecture 1
Provenance
Morphology
Phonology / phonetics
Transcription
Where words come from; their origin
How words are created and shaped
How their pronunciation has changed over time
How words are represented in speech
Provenance
Where words come from; their origin
Morphology
How words are created and shaped
12 terms
LING 110 - Latin Roots
Acid
Ag
Am
Anima
Sour
Drive, Say
Love
Life
Acid
Sour
Ag
Drive, Say
113 terms
LING 110 FE
PHONETIC AND PHONOLOGICAL CHANGE
Neogrammarians
x William Lebov
x Ferdinand de Saussure
...
"regularity: phonetic changes ultimately impact all targets i…
"socioling: synchronic variation may often underlie or prefig…
established diff between synchronic and diachronic linguistics
PHONETIC AND PHONOLOGICAL CHANGE
...
Neogrammarians
"regularity: phonetic changes ultimately impact all targets i…
18 terms
LING 110 Exam 4
Speech Shadowing
Comprehension
Parsing
Broca's Aphasia and comprehension prob…
Listen to something in headphones & repeat ASAP... If there is a…
culmination of decoding sounds, recognizing words, making wor…
mental process that determine grammatical structure of word s…
Subtle comprehension problems particularly when in order to c…
Speech Shadowing
Listen to something in headphones & repeat ASAP... If there is a…
Comprehension
culmination of decoding sounds, recognizing words, making wor…
15 terms
ling 110 exam 1
Linguistic determinism
Borrowing
Wilhelm Wundt
language competence
idea language determines the way we think
importing elements from another language, caused by contact
German psychologist, helped find structuralism
langue (language)
Linguistic determinism
idea language determines the way we think
Borrowing
importing elements from another language, caused by contact
28 terms
Ling 110 Psycholinguistics Terms
Vocal Auditory Channel
Broadcast/ Directional
Rapid Fading
Total Feedback
Language transmitted via spoken sounds perceived by the audit…
The sound is broadcast in all directions. But the receiver ca…
The signal fades quickly.
The speaker can hear/perceive what s/he is saying or communic…
Vocal Auditory Channel
Language transmitted via spoken sounds perceived by the audit…
Broadcast/ Directional
The sound is broadcast in all directions. But the receiver ca…
78 terms
Ling 110 Final
Orthography
3 types of orthography
Logographic
Pictograms
the study of writing systems/spelling
logographic, syllabary, alphabetic
1 symbol = 1 word
looks like what it represents; will always look the same. Ex:…
Orthography
the study of writing systems/spelling
3 types of orthography
logographic, syllabary, alphabetic
47 terms
Ling 110 Exam 3
Neologism
Etymology
Borrowing
Loan-Translation (Calque)
-Ability to understand a new word.... -Due to regularity in wor…
-Study of the origin and history of a word
-Taking words from other languages.... -Ex. (piano/Italian)... (pr…
-Direct translation of the elements of a word into the borrow…
Neologism
-Ability to understand a new word.... -Due to regularity in wor…
Etymology
-Study of the origin and history of a word
21 terms
LING 110: Meaning 1
Peripheral Dyslexia
multisensory approach
Correcting Dyslexia
Three levels of meaning
- correct the page to brain problem... - yellow glasses... - colore…
- read letters/words... - trace letters/words... - feel letters/wor…
Depends on the type:... - peripheral... - developmental surface dys…
- independent of context... - with context... - in culture... "Shoppin…
Peripheral Dyslexia
- correct the page to brain problem... - yellow glasses... - colore…
multisensory approach
- read letters/words... - trace letters/words... - feel letters/wor…
14 terms
LING 110: Reading 2
frequency effect
"work/worr" experiment
reading and comprehension
Cattell 1886
- longer fixations = low frequency words
shows a lexical bias that is like phoneme restoration
lexicon --><-- visual units we perceive
- when do people remember seeing a letter best?... - letters dis…
frequency effect
- longer fixations = low frequency words
"work/worr" experiment
shows a lexical bias that is like phoneme restoration
14 terms
LING 110: Reading
Van Orden (1987)
3 types of words must be read
shallow words are read using
deep words are read using
1. see a word... 2. answer a question about the word
shallow words, deep words, words we don't know the meaning of
either direct access or phonological mediation
direct access
Van Orden (1987)
1. see a word... 2. answer a question about the word
3 types of words must be read
shallow words, deep words, words we don't know the meaning of
139 terms
LING 110 Final
what are the 3 types of orthography
what type of orthographic system is hi…
give an example of languages that use…
is reading innate
logographic, syllabary, alphabetic
syllabary
cherokee, ancient mayan
no
what are the 3 types of orthography
logographic, syllabary, alphabetic
what type of orthographic system is hi…
syllabary
16 terms
LING 110: Reading 1
Three Types of Orthography
English Spelling
sound - symbol correspondence
direct access
1. Logographic - Kanji (Han characters) Deep... 2. Syllabary - H…
1. Christianity... 2. Norman Conquest... 3. Printing Press... 4. The G…
direct access or phonological mediation
grapheme patterns --> lexical entry (don't care how "c" is pr…
Three Types of Orthography
1. Logographic - Kanji (Han characters) Deep... 2. Syllabary - H…
English Spelling
1. Christianity... 2. Norman Conquest... 3. Printing Press... 4. The G…
58 terms
LING 110 EXAM 4
Syntax
Internal Structure
2 types of Transformations
Example of Yes/ No
Knowledge of the way words combine to form phrases and senten…
The words in a sentence are not just like beads on a string.…
Yes/no question formation... Passivization
Will the dog bite the elephant?
Syntax
Knowledge of the way words combine to form phrases and senten…
Internal Structure
The words in a sentence are not just like beads on a string.…
23 terms
Ling 110 Test 2
When a language dies, what is that equ…
What's the number one killer of langua…
What's the best way to revive a dead o…
What's the second best way to revive a…
Dropping a bomb on a museum
Parents stop speaking it to their children
Speak it to children
Classes
When a language dies, what is that equ…
Dropping a bomb on a museum
What's the number one killer of langua…
Parents stop speaking it to their children
94 terms
LING 110 Exam 3
Phonetics & Phonology
Definition of a phoneme
Number of Phonemes in English
Definition of an allophone
Linguistic expressions as a sequence of sounds
Sound units what change meaning when replaced
39
Phonetic variant of a phoneme
Phonetics & Phonology
Linguistic expressions as a sequence of sounds
Definition of a phoneme
Sound units what change meaning when replaced
16 terms
ling 110 test 3
what are the two types of morphemes?
what are the two types of free morphem…
what are the two types of bound morphe…
explain the click studies... what did it…
-free and bound
-lexical: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs... -functional: conj…
-inflectional: ing, ed, en, plural -s, 's, 3rd person s, er,…
-people had to remember when they heard the click during a se…
what are the two types of morphemes?
-free and bound
what are the two types of free morphem…
-lexical: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs... -functional: conj…
22 terms
ling 110 exam 2
why do we study animals in relation to…
why do animals communicate?
what do the courtship rituals of spide…
what doe fiddler crabs communication l…
-define nature of language system... -better understand human la…
-indicate danger... -food source... -mating... -location
creativity to invent new rituals or movements... -they are alway…
the timing and movement type never change
why do we study animals in relation to…
-define nature of language system... -better understand human la…
why do animals communicate?
-indicate danger... -food source... -mating... -location
88 terms
LING 110 Midterm
What are 3 things you can do when you…
What is our main method of getting a w…
Discontinuity problem
Provenance
1. Make it up... 2. Borrow from another language... 3. Adapt from a…
BORROW from... - Greek... - Latin... - French... - Old English
refers to the period in between when we had no known language…
Origin of a word
What are 3 things you can do when you…
1. Make it up... 2. Borrow from another language... 3. Adapt from a…
What is our main method of getting a w…
BORROW from... - Greek... - Latin... - French... - Old English
30 terms
Ling 110 Exam 3
what is categorical perception
what is VOT?
How does categorical perception relate…
What is the name of the experimental m…
our knowledge about categories affects the manner in which we…
voice onset time - distance of time from start of release of…
categorizes voice onset times into separate phonemes - the di…
high amplitude sucking *week 8 slides
what is categorical perception
our knowledge about categories affects the manner in which we…
what is VOT?
voice onset time - distance of time from start of release of…
9 terms
Ling 110 midterm 2
Latin
Vulgar Latin
Mood
Indicative Mood
used a lot of inflection (single word contain a lot of info,…
"common people" used by regular folk
speaker's attitude towards action
ordinary statements of fact "I am rich..."
Latin
used a lot of inflection (single word contain a lot of info,…
Vulgar Latin
"common people" used by regular folk
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