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Study sets matching "linguistics 112"

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Study sets matching "linguistics 112"

19 terms
LINGUISTICS 112
airstream process
pulmonic egressive
lingual ingressive
glottalic ingressive
how air is being moved
air comes out of the lungs and is manipulated by articulators
air flows into the vocal tract. makes transient noises such a…
glottis is lowered but open... Igbo contains these sounds
airstream process
how air is being moved
pulmonic egressive
air comes out of the lungs and is manipulated by articulators
36 terms
2.5 Com 112
Language
Prescriptive rules of language
Descriptive rules of language
Phonological rules of language
Layers of meanings... Symbolic. Words/symbols have no inherent…
Prescriptive rules- "proper" rules of language/grammar. Rules…
which describe how our grammatical system operates, rules tha…
Govern how sounds are combined to form words... ... deal with corr…
Language
Layers of meanings... Symbolic. Words/symbols have no inherent…
Prescriptive rules of language
Prescriptive rules- "proper" rules of language/grammar. Rules…
19 terms
Geography 112 Chapter 4
Language
Dialect
Pidgin
Creole
A mutually agreed-on system of symbolic communication that ha…
A distinctive local or regional variant of a language that re…
A composite language consisting of a small vocabulary borrowe…
A language derived from a pidgin language that has acquired a…
Language
A mutually agreed-on system of symbolic communication that ha…
Dialect
A distinctive local or regional variant of a language that re…
70 terms
COM 112 Test 2 Concepts
Language
Prescriptive rules of language
Descriptive rules of language
Phonological
a structured system of symbols used for communicating
rules that EXPERTS believe speakers ought to use... EX: dictiona…
rules real speakers actually use, NOT TAUGHT... EX: defined by c…
how we pronounce words, putting together sounds that may or m…
Language
a structured system of symbols used for communicating
Prescriptive rules of language
rules that EXPERTS believe speakers ought to use... EX: dictiona…
27 terms
COM 112 Units 5-8
phonological rules
syntactic rules
semantic rules
pragmatic rules
govern how sounds are combined to form words
govern the way symbols can be arranged
govern our use of language; what makes it possible for us to…
tell us what uses and interpretations of a message are approp…
phonological rules
govern how sounds are combined to form words
syntactic rules
govern the way symbols can be arranged
45 terms
SPHP112 Chapter 1
antonym
bilingual
bound morpheme
code-switching
words hat differ only in the opposite value of a single impor…
Languages change and evolve. Interactions between languages n…
grammatical markers that cannot function independently... ex. -…
process of varying between two languages
antonym
words hat differ only in the opposite value of a single impor…
bilingual
Languages change and evolve. Interactions between languages n…
24 terms
Com 112 Ch 8
Language
Prescriptive Rules of Language
Descriptive Rules of Language
Phonological Rules of Language
A structured System of symbols used for communicating meaning
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use. I.E. don'…
rules real speakers actually use (informal) -I.E. profanity,…
How we pronounce words, how the sound may or may not go toget…
Language
A structured System of symbols used for communicating meaning
Prescriptive Rules of Language
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use. I.E. don'…
176 terms
Sphp 112: Chapter 1+5
Why is all this information about chil…
Over 70% of American prisoners
Linguistics
2 types of linguistics
Need to recognize what is typical and what is not typical to…
Cannot read over the 4th grade level
study of language
sociolinguistic and developmental linguistic
Why is all this information about chil…
Need to recognize what is typical and what is not typical to…
Over 70% of American prisoners
Cannot read over the 4th grade level
34 terms
Geography 112 Chapter 6
Political geography
State
Sovereignty
Territoriality
The geographic study of politics and political matters
An independent political unit with a centralized authority th…
The right of individual states to control political and econo…
A learned cultural response, rooted in European history that…
Political geography
The geographic study of politics and political matters
State
An independent political unit with a centralized authority th…
24 terms
AY 112: EXAM 1: Language and Culture
historical linguistics
linguistic inequality (2)
common for immigrants to leave what be…
pidgin language
language overtime
requirements for employment, social norms (how well you speak…
old language
blend from 2 languages, used for training
historical linguistics
language overtime
linguistic inequality (2)
requirements for employment, social norms (how well you speak…
78 terms
sphp 112 final
Definition of Communication
Communicative competence occurs when...
Most human interactions have an underl…
Nonverbal communication...
the process of sending and receiving messages that serve to t…
speakers effectively influence their listener's behaviors
agenda
conveys ideas through other behavior, eye contact, facial exp…
Definition of Communication
the process of sending and receiving messages that serve to t…
Communicative competence occurs when...
speakers effectively influence their listener's behaviors
6 terms
Ptt.112 cultural awareness in Health care
Diversity
Ethnicity
Cultural change
Cultural change
Differing from one another, composed of distinct or unlike qu…
Relating to a large group of people classed according to comm…
The sum of the experiences, values, beliefs, ideals, judgemen…
Adds to, deletes from, and alters the store of shared informa…
Diversity
Differing from one another, composed of distinct or unlike qu…
Ethnicity
Relating to a large group of people classed according to comm…
84 terms
Ch. 13 - JPN 112
言語学
歴史
物理
就職
げんごがく... linguistics
れきし... history
ぶつり... physics
しゅうしょく... employment
言語学
げんごがく... linguistics
歴史
れきし... history
16 terms
COM 112 Ch 5
Language is symbolic
Prescriptive rules
Descriptive rules
Phonological rules
rule governed, arbitrary, has layers of meaning, varies in cl…
Rules of language PRESCRIBED. The way we OUGHT to use language
Described rules of language. The way we Really use language.
pronunciation of words, how we do it/ makes sense
Language is symbolic
rule governed, arbitrary, has layers of meaning, varies in cl…
Prescriptive rules
Rules of language PRESCRIBED. The way we OUGHT to use language
81 terms
COM 112 test 2
abstraction ladder
ambiguous language
assertiveness
"but" statement
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
language consisting of words or phrases that have more than o…
clearly and directly expressing one's thoughts, feelings, and…
a statement in which the second half cancels the meaning of t…
abstraction ladder
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
ambiguous language
language consisting of words or phrases that have more than o…
25 terms
Chapter 5 - COM 112
abstraction ladder
ambiguous language
assertiveness
"but" statement
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
language consisting of words and phrases that have more than…
clearly and directly expressing one's thoughts, feelings, and…
a statement in which the second half cancels the meaning of t…
abstraction ladder
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
ambiguous language
language consisting of words and phrases that have more than…
25 terms
Arch 112 Chapter 1
Adaptation
Adapted
Anthropological linguistics
Anthropology
Mode or strategy for survival. It can be a physical character…
The state of being biologically capable or culturally prepare…
A subfield of anthropology that focuses on language.
The study of humanity; a broad social science with varied foc…
Adaptation
Mode or strategy for survival. It can be a physical character…
Adapted
The state of being biologically capable or culturally prepare…
205 terms
ARCH 112 Section 1
adaptation
anthropological linguistics
anthropology
archaeological site
strategies developed for survival, to be better adjusted or s…
subfield of anthropology that focuses on how language evolved…
the study of people (humanity), which attempts to be holistic…
a place where physical evidence of a past human presence can…
adaptation
strategies developed for survival, to be better adjusted or s…
anthropological linguistics
subfield of anthropology that focuses on how language evolved…
6 terms
English 112
The Clothes Make the Fan
Close to the Edge
Teenagers in Cyberspace
Over-connected? A qualitative explorat…
participatory culture and textual poaching
walking and mechanical reproducibility
habitus and linguistic capital
Brown's addiction criteria and technological addictions
The Clothes Make the Fan
participatory culture and textual poaching
Close to the Edge
walking and mechanical reproducibility
33 terms
SPHP 112 Chapter 6
Development of language rests upon sev…
For a child to develop language optima…
Mainstream Americans vs. Other Cultures
Socioeconomic status makes a difference:
1. Child's cultural and linguistic environment... 2. Each child…
- Needs language stimulation from her environment... - In many c…
Mainstream Americans: ... -mothers use infant - directed speech,…
Low- SES child's vocabularies develop more slowly... homelessnes…
Development of language rests upon sev…
1. Child's cultural and linguistic environment... 2. Each child…
For a child to develop language optima…
- Needs language stimulation from her environment... - In many c…
47 terms
COM 112 Ch. 5-8
Affect Display
Proxemics
Emotion Management
Emblems
imitations of emotional expression
use of space depending on culture, temperament, nature of sit…
which emotions you have, when you have them, and how you expr…
substitute
Affect Display
imitations of emotional expression
Proxemics
use of space depending on culture, temperament, nature of sit…
144 terms
Anthro 112
Anthropology
Archaeology
Biological antrhopology
Cultural antrhopology
The study of humanity: evolutionary origins, social transform…
the study of our human past, combining the themes of time and…
the study of biological nature of our nearest relatives and o…
the study of living peoples with a focus on the shared aspect…
Anthropology
The study of humanity: evolutionary origins, social transform…
Archaeology
the study of our human past, combining the themes of time and…
94 terms
Archaeology 112
Anthropology
Subfields of anthropology
Archaeology
Archaeology also studies:
- the study of humanity... - is holistic in its approach... - Stud…
- cultural anthropology... - linguistics... - archaeology ... - biolog…
- study of human past through the examination of its material…
- humans and human ancestors
Anthropology
- the study of humanity... - is holistic in its approach... - Stud…
Subfields of anthropology
- cultural anthropology... - linguistics... - archaeology ... - biolog…
57 terms
COM 112 Exam 2
language
Prescriptive rules of language
Descriptive rules of language
Phonological rules of language
a structured system of symbols used to communicate meaning
rules that experts believe speakers ought to use; formal rule…
informal rules that real speakers actually use
how we pronounce words; how sounds may or may not go together
language
a structured system of symbols used to communicate meaning
Prescriptive rules of language
rules that experts believe speakers ought to use; formal rule…
117 terms
PSYC112 Module 2
Paul Broca
Brain size and intelligence
Sir Francis Galton
Eugenics
Believed heavier brains led to more intelligence ... Corrected f…
Correlation = 0.33... Higher for females than males... Higher for a…
Eugenics... Measured simple, perceptual motor abilities in terms…
Idea that can selectively breed people to have a better race…
Paul Broca
Believed heavier brains led to more intelligence ... Corrected f…
Brain size and intelligence
Correlation = 0.33... Higher for females than males... Higher for a…
56 terms
SPHP 112 CH 1&5 Vocab
Speech
Phonemes
Language
Dialects
Is a verbal means of communicating
Smallest linguistic unit of sound, each with distinctive feat…
Is a system of symbols used to represent concepts formed thro…
Subcategories of a parent language that use similar, but not…
Speech
Is a verbal means of communicating
Phonemes
Smallest linguistic unit of sound, each with distinctive feat…
32 terms
ANTH 112 Chapter 1 terms
anthropological linguistics (p. 5)
anthropology (p. 2)
applied (practicing) anthropology (p. 8)
archaeology (p. 5)
The anthropological study of languages
A discipline that studies humans, focusing on the study of di…
The branch of anthropology that concerns itself with applying…
The branch of anthropology that seeks to reconstruct the dail…
anthropological linguistics (p. 5)
The anthropological study of languages
anthropology (p. 2)
A discipline that studies humans, focusing on the study of di…
25 terms
Com 112 Chapter 5 Language
abstraction ladder
ambiguous language
assertiveness
but statement
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
language consisting of words and phrases that have more than…
clearly and directly expressing one's thoughts, feelings, and…
statement in which the second half cancels the meaning of the…
abstraction ladder
a range of more abstract to less abstract terms describing an…
ambiguous language
language consisting of words and phrases that have more than…
15 terms
Arch 112 general overview
Anthropology
Anthropology is
Four subfields of anthropology
Three aspects of Biological Anthropology
Defining who we are, where we've been, and where we are going…
the study of humanity, covering prehistoric to contemporary c…
1. Biological (Physical) Anthropology... 2. Archaeology... 3. Lingu…
1. Primotology - study of primates... 2. PaleoAnthropology - evo…
Anthropology
Defining who we are, where we've been, and where we are going…
Anthropology is
the study of humanity, covering prehistoric to contemporary c…
35 terms
Arch 112 Lec. 1
Anthropology
What does Anthropology focus on?
4 Subfields of Anthropoplgy
linguistic Anthropology
The study of Humanity, a broad social science
Human Biological & Cultural Adaptions, Human origins, Biologi…
Archaeology... Linguistics... Biological Anthropology... Cultural Anth…
Focused on language... How it evolved and the historical relatio…
Anthropology
The study of Humanity, a broad social science
What does Anthropology focus on?
Human Biological & Cultural Adaptions, Human origins, Biologi…
25 terms
AN112 chapter 4 language
Displacement
Arbitrariness
Productivity
Discreetness
Talking about things or objects not in the present tense
No natural sounds associated with the word
Limited number of letters and numbers in alphabet but can be…
If you see a letter there is only 1 one to say it; limited nu…
Displacement
Talking about things or objects not in the present tense
Arbitrariness
No natural sounds associated with the word
62 terms
COM 112 Exam 2
Language
Symbolic
Arbitrary
Layers of Meaning
Structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
Words are arbitrary symbols that have no meaning themselves... -…
Meaning is assigned by users of language ... -nothing adherent i…
...
Language
Structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
Symbolic
Words are arbitrary symbols that have no meaning themselves... -…
112 terms
Arch 112 Midterm 1
Anthropology
How is anthropology Holistic?
How is anthropology integrative?
4 Subfields of anthropology
the study of humankind. Attempts to be holistic and integrative
Approach in modern anthropology to view human biology and beh…
within a holistic approach, anthropologists recognize that hu…
Cultural Anthropology... Linguistics... Archaeology ... Biological Ant…
Anthropology
the study of humankind. Attempts to be holistic and integrative
How is anthropology Holistic?
Approach in modern anthropology to view human biology and beh…
205 terms
ARCH 112 Midterm 1
adaptation
anthropological linguistics
anthropology
archaeological site
strategies developed for survival, to be better adjusted or s…
subfield of anthropology that focuses on how language evolved…
the study of people (humanity), which attempts to be holistic…
a place where physical evidence of a past human presence can…
adaptation
strategies developed for survival, to be better adjusted or s…
anthropological linguistics
subfield of anthropology that focuses on how language evolved…
121 terms
Com 112 Test 2
Language
Ambiguous language
Connotative Meaning
Credibility
A Structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning.
Language having more than one possible meaning.... Ex:The word "…
a words implied or secondary meaning, in addition to its lite…
The extent to which others find someones words and actions tr…
Language
A Structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning.
Ambiguous language
Language having more than one possible meaning.... Ex:The word "…
26 terms
LING112 Test One
Linguistic Variation
Variety/Code
Social Dimensions
Variation
Vocab/word choice, Sounds, Word structure, grammar
Any set of linguistic forms which patterns according to socia…
Social distance (intimate/distant), status (superior/subordin…
the existence of observable difference in how language is use…
Linguistic Variation
Vocab/word choice, Sounds, Word structure, grammar
Variety/Code
Any set of linguistic forms which patterns according to socia…
71 terms
COM 112 Exam 2
Language
Prescriptive rules of language
Descriptive rules of language
Phonological rules of language
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning.
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use.
Rules real speakers actually use.
How we pronounce words, how sounds may/may not go together
Language
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning.
Prescriptive rules of language
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use.
26 terms
COM112 Chapter 5
What is language?
How did language evolve?
What is the difference between human a…
Language vs. gestures
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
From early humans' use of gestures to communicate
Both humans and primates use gestures to communicate BUT only…
Language is not just any symbol, one must be using words. For…
What is language?
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
How did language evolve?
From early humans' use of gestures to communicate
21 terms
COM 112- CH. 5
The nature of language
Phonological rules
Syntactic rules
Semantic rules
Symbolic... Rule-governed... Subjective
Govern how sounds are combined to form words
Govern the way symbols can be arranged
Govern the meaning of statements
The nature of language
Symbolic... Rule-governed... Subjective
Phonological rules
Govern how sounds are combined to form words
39 terms
LING 112 - final exam revision
language planning
national language
official language
bilingualism
is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure o…
the variety associated with a community that has a strong aff…
a variety that is used for government and possibly other busi…
the possession of two varieties in a person's linguistic repe…
language planning
is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure o…
national language
the variety associated with a community that has a strong aff…
21 terms
COM 112 Chapter 5: Verbal Communication Learning/Language
language
the nature of language
prescriptive rules of language
descriptive rules of language
a structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
is symbolic... is mostly arbitrary... is governed by rules... has laye…
what speakers should or shouldn't say "grammatical rules", ho…
linguistics, what speakers say and when, why and how they say…
language
a structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
the nature of language
is symbolic... is mostly arbitrary... is governed by rules... has laye…
42 terms
LING 112 - TEST 2 REVISION
rhotic/post-vocalic r
Labov's study
Overt prestige
Covert prestige
pronounce /r/ after a vowel (car, bar,etc)
- New York has non-rhotic accent... - Rhotic or post-vocalic /r/…
consciously thinking and evaluate a variant positively (ex: u…
using a different variant than the one that is positively eva…
rhotic/post-vocalic r
pronounce /r/ after a vowel (car, bar,etc)
Labov's study
- New York has non-rhotic accent... - Rhotic or post-vocalic /r/…
91 terms
COM 112 ch. 5-8
language
phonological rules
semantic rules
pragmatic rules
a structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
how we pronounce words, how sounds may/may not go together
way users of language assign meaning to a word (symbols to th…
interpretation fo message in context
language
a structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
phonological rules
how we pronounce words, how sounds may/may not go together
65 terms
com 112 exam 2
language
prescriptive rules of language
descriptive rules of language
phonological rules of language
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use
Rules real speakers actually use
How we pronounce words, how sounds may/may not go together
language
A structured system of symbols used for communicating meaning
prescriptive rules of language
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use
254 terms
SPHP 112 Test 2
what is a big influence upon language…
What does each child have in terms of…
What does a child need to develop lang…
How do mainstream americans view their…
Cultural and Linguistic Environment
Unique characteristics
language stimulation from their environment
As conversational partners... They believe in playing with their…
what is a big influence upon language…
Cultural and Linguistic Environment
What does each child have in terms of…
Unique characteristics
38 terms
Com 112 Study Set 2
Denotation
Conotation
Relative Language
Static evalutation
Dictionary meaning
The stigma that we attach to a meaning
There is no fixed definition to it such as cold, expensive
"My teacher is unreasonable" "Never give children the chance…
Denotation
Dictionary meaning
Conotation
The stigma that we attach to a meaning
103 terms
J 112
kaimono
souji
sentaku
okiru
N. Shopping ... [kaimono o suru - to go shopping]
N. Cleaning ... [souji o suru - to do cleaning]
N. Laundry ... [sentaku o suru - to do laundry]
V. (ru) To get up, wake up
kaimono
N. Shopping ... [kaimono o suru - to go shopping]
souji
N. Cleaning ... [souji o suru - to do cleaning]
56 terms
Com 112 Test 2
What 6 things make up the nature of la…
What does it mean when you say languag…
What does it mean when you say languag…
What are prescriptive language rules?
- governed by rules... - layers of meaning ... -arbitrary... - bound b…
Words represent objects or ideas but do not constitute them (…
All meaning behind words is assigned by the users of the lang…
Rules that "experts" believe speakers ought to use. (ex. a di…
What 6 things make up the nature of la…
- governed by rules... - layers of meaning ... -arbitrary... - bound b…
What does it mean when you say languag…
Words represent objects or ideas but do not constitute them (…
86 terms
COM112 - Test 2
sapir whorf hypothesis
denotative language
connotative language
triangle of meaning
certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot…
dictionary definition
our own personal meaning
symbol (word/phrase), referent (dictionary definition), refer…
sapir whorf hypothesis
certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot…
denotative language
dictionary definition
LING112: Diglossia & Codeswitching
Define Diglossia and Codeswitching
When and where does Diglossia occur?
When and where does Codeswitching occur?
What are the two types of codeswitching?
Diglossia: When a community uses more than one (usually two)…
Diglossia usually occurs in a country that has two main langu…
Codeswitching usually occurs when a speaker is able to conver…
Situational or domain based: "one variety is used in a certai…
Define Diglossia and Codeswitching
Diglossia: When a community uses more than one (usually two)…
When and where does Diglossia occur?
Diglossia usually occurs in a country that has two main langu…
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