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Study sets matching "linguistics 2"

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Study sets matching "linguistics 2"

86 terms
linguistics 2
morphology
morpheme
free morpheme
bound morpheme
the study of words, word formation, and word structure
the smallest meaningful part of a word (can be monomorphic, p…
words that can stand on their own
meaningful units that can't stand on their own (EX: prefixes…
morphology
the study of words, word formation, and word structure
morpheme
the smallest meaningful part of a word (can be monomorphic, p…
61 terms
Linguistics #2
Cupidity
Massasauga
Primordial
Cothurnus
N. Excessive desire especially to process something; Synonyms…
N. American rattle snake; synonym: snake
adj. existing from the beginning of time; Synonyms: ancient,…
N. A high thick soled laced boot worn by Greek and Roman trag…
Cupidity
N. Excessive desire especially to process something; Synonyms…
Massasauga
N. American rattle snake; synonym: snake
42 terms
Linguistics 2
Broca's Area
Wernicke's Area
Right ear advantage
Slips of the ear
-Left hemisphere... -Anterior speech cortex... -Damage causes diffi…
-Left hemisphere... -Posterior speech cortex... -Damage causes lang…
-what linguistic sounds go into the right ear are identified…
-we hear something other than what is said... -great ape (grey t…
Broca's Area
-Left hemisphere... -Anterior speech cortex... -Damage causes diffi…
Wernicke's Area
-Left hemisphere... -Posterior speech cortex... -Damage causes lang…
114 terms
Linguistics 2
Syntax
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive syntax
Transformational or generative grammar
Sentence
the arrangement of words and morphemes in the construction of…
The subconscious rules of a language that one uses to combine…
The idea that there is a finite set of rules that could produ…
A string of words that is grammatically complete with at leas…
Syntax
the arrangement of words and morphemes in the construction of…
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive syntax
The subconscious rules of a language that one uses to combine…
58 terms
Linguistics 2
Brown's 14 morphemes
Mean length of utterance
TTR
Pragmatic analysis function
help determine treatment; diagnosis; determine stage of ling…
productivity in morphosyntax; general measure; determine stag…
lexical diversity; more stable than MLU; ... type - word type... to…
contextual; quality of utterance; more descriptive
Brown's 14 morphemes
help determine treatment; diagnosis; determine stage of ling…
Mean length of utterance
productivity in morphosyntax; general measure; determine stag…
14 terms
linguistics 2
Martinet
nadir
milieu
macrocephalic
: a strict disciplinarian esp. in armed forces
the lowest point
the surrounding esp. of a social or cultural nature
having an expenentialy large head or mind
Martinet
: a strict disciplinarian esp. in armed forces
nadir
the lowest point
104 terms
Linguistics 2
phonetics
phones
articulatory phonetics
acoustic phonetics
inventory and structure of the sounds we speak
variety of sounds in speech (speech sounds)
one approach of studying phonetics, studying physiological me…
approach of studying phonetics concerned with measuring and a…
phonetics
inventory and structure of the sounds we speak
phones
variety of sounds in speech (speech sounds)
Linguistics 2
phonemes and allophones
phonological processes
assimilation
voicing assimilation
structuralists talk about
generativists talk about
sounds become like preceding or following sounds as a result…
cloth->clothing... north-> northern
phonemes and allophones
structuralists talk about
phonological processes
generativists talk about
46 terms
Linguistics 2
syntax
grammaticality
constituent
co-occurence
the study of sentences and their internal structure
well-formed syntactic expression
individual part of hierarchical tree (do so test, displacemen…
two items have to go together, either obligatory or optional
syntax
the study of sentences and their internal structure
grammaticality
well-formed syntactic expression
15 terms
linguistics 2
word
lexicon
content words
function words
arbitrary pairing of sound and meaning
the component of the grammar containing speaker's knowledge a…
nouns, verbs, adj and adverbs that are part of major vocab
does not have a clear lexical meaning but has a grammatical f…
word
arbitrary pairing of sound and meaning
lexicon
the component of the grammar containing speaker's knowledge a…
21 terms
linguistics 2
genetic
typological classification
similarities grammar
no
a classification of a language based on the origin is a: ____…
a grouping based on shared linguistic characteristics
a typological classification is based on __________________ a…
is a genetic relationship implied when a typological classifi…
genetic
a classification of a language based on the origin is a: ____…
typological classification
a grouping based on shared linguistic characteristics
118 terms
Linguistics 2
standard language
prescriptive
accent
phonology
the most highly valued language form
acknowledging users of this standard language overseers of ot…
speaker's pronunciation
how a speaker pronounces phonemes, the consonants and vowels…
standard language
the most highly valued language form
prescriptive
acknowledging users of this standard language overseers of ot…
94 terms
Linguistics 2
paradigm
slang
jargon
dialect
way of organizing things through comparing and contrasting
an informal word/expression that has not gained complete acce…
specialized vocabulary associated with a trade or profession,…
variety of a language that has unique phonetics, phonology, m…
paradigm
way of organizing things through comparing and contrasting
slang
an informal word/expression that has not gained complete acce…
24 terms
Linguistics 2
Head first
Verb attraction
Pronoun drop
Age one
subject, verb, object
Subject, verb, Adverb
Completely drops pronoun
head first parameters are set
Head first
subject, verb, object
Verb attraction
Subject, verb, Adverb
47 terms
Linguistics 2
bilabial
blend
Broca's Area
calque
a sound made with both lips, for example
a new word created by putting together parts of two existing…
an area of the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere of the bra…
Also called a loan transaction, this type of borrowing in whi…
bilabial
a sound made with both lips, for example
blend
a new word created by putting together parts of two existing…
66 terms
Linguistics 2
free variation
complementary distribution
gestait approach
lax
can occur in the same position, but don't make contrasting wo…
neither can occur where the other occurs in a word
take up phrases and clauses as a whole, and later dissect them
shorter, don't occur at the end of stressed syllables
free variation
can occur in the same position, but don't make contrasting wo…
complementary distribution
neither can occur where the other occurs in a word
Linguistics #2
Phonology
Assimilation
Dissimilation
Insertion
The study of the sound system of a language, how the particul…
A process by which a sound becomes more like a nearby sound i…
Process by which two nearby sounds become less alike with res…
Phonological process by which a segment not present in the ph…
Phonology
The study of the sound system of a language, how the particul…
Assimilation
A process by which a sound becomes more like a nearby sound i…
39 terms
Linguistics 2
Arab American; relationship between la…
Diglossia
Role of Standard Arabic
ASL is based on...
Medium is the message--no translations of the Koran, need lan…
Coexistance of two distinct language variants designated for…
Is the lingua franca, and is mutually intelligible across dif…
French sign language
Arab American; relationship between la…
Medium is the message--no translations of the Koran, need lan…
Diglossia
Coexistance of two distinct language variants designated for…
124 terms
Linguistics 2
Language Variety
idiolect
sociolinguistics
dialects
Any kind of difference in languages. Used by linguist as a co…
every native speaker speaks his own. Differs systematically f…
study of the relationship between these language varieties an…
when a group of speakers differ noticeably in its speech from…
Language Variety
Any kind of difference in languages. Used by linguist as a co…
idiolect
every native speaker speaks his own. Differs systematically f…
130 terms
Linguistics 2
Signs
Signifier
Signified
Iconic sign
Things that stand for other things
term used for symbol
The meaning we associate with the sign
The relationship between the signifier and signified is direc…
Signs
Things that stand for other things
Signifier
term used for symbol
20 terms
Linguistics 2
Morphology
Lexicon
Neologism
Conversion
The system of categories and rules governing word formation a…
A speaker's mental dictionary, which contains information abo…
A recently coined word or phrase
A process that assigns an already existing word to a new synt…
Morphology
The system of categories and rules governing word formation a…
Lexicon
A speaker's mental dictionary, which contains information abo…
38 terms
Linguistics #2
Morphology
Africanist Hypothesis
Speech Community
Creolist hypothesis
The study of word structure. ... words, word structure, and comp…
hypothesis Many or most of the features of AAVE reflect the l…
concept that describes a more or less discrete group of peopl…
The idea that AAVE is derived from a hybrid of English and We…
Morphology
The study of word structure. ... words, word structure, and comp…
Africanist Hypothesis
hypothesis Many or most of the features of AAVE reflect the l…
33 terms
Linguistics 2
Synonym
Polysemy
Hypernymy
Hyponymy
words that are similar in meaning to other words
word or phrase with multiple meanings
general words (flowers)
subcategories of general words (daisies, roses)
Synonym
words that are similar in meaning to other words
Polysemy
word or phrase with multiple meanings
19 terms
Linguistics 2
Phonetics
Orthography
Phonology
Allomorph
The study of linguistic speech sounds, how they are produced…
spelling
The sound system of a language; the component of a grammar th…
Alternative phonetic form of a morpheme: e.g., the [-s], [-z]…
Phonetics
The study of linguistic speech sounds, how they are produced…
Orthography
spelling
8 terms
Linguistics 2
Y
Ly
Ful
Able
Having like
Like a
Full of having
Able to
Y
Having like
Ly
Like a
59 terms
Linguistics #2
Simple sentence
Compound sentence
Complex sentence
declarative
contains a subject and a predicate
contains two or more independent clauses. Joined by a subordi…
contains an independent clause and a dependent clause. Depend…
make a statement (period)
Simple sentence
contains a subject and a predicate
Compound sentence
contains two or more independent clauses. Joined by a subordi…
27 terms
Linguistics 2
orthography
grammatical category
content words
open class
the written form of a language, spelling
traditionally called "parts of speech" or syntactic categories
the words that convey conceptual meaning (nouns, verbs, adj.)
new types of content words can be added all the time
orthography
the written form of a language, spelling
grammatical category
traditionally called "parts of speech" or syntactic categories
13 terms
Linguistics 2
Phonology
Morphology
Vocabulary
Semantics
Sohnd system
Word formation
Words or lexicon
System of meanings
Phonology
Sohnd system
Morphology
Word formation
23 terms
Linguistics 2
Vocal
Consonantes
tónico
átona
Se pronuncian con la boca abierta, el aire sale de la boca si…
Se articulan con obstáculo total o parcial, que dificulta la…
más fuerte, tiene emfasis
no tiene emfasis
Vocal
Se pronuncian con la boca abierta, el aire sale de la boca si…
Consonantes
Se articulan con obstáculo total o parcial, que dificulta la…
67 terms
Linguistics 2
sintaxis
constituyente
proforma
nucleo
el orden de palabras
tres criticos ... -sustitucion... -movimiento... -respuesta
la palabra que puede substituir para otra palabra ej. alli po…
lleva la informacion relevante dentro del sintagma; la palabr…
sintaxis
el orden de palabras
constituyente
tres criticos ... -sustitucion... -movimiento... -respuesta
16 terms
linguistics 2
i
I
ε
ae
beat
bit
bet
bat
i
beat
I
bit
72 terms
Linguistics 2
Grammar
Morpheme
Allomorphs
Free open morpheme
set of rules and representations in the minds of speaker hear…
A minimal union of sound and meaning made of phonemes
How each morpheme is pronounced in a particular environment
Girl, House, Jump, Happy
Grammar
set of rules and representations in the minds of speaker hear…
Morpheme
A minimal union of sound and meaning made of phonemes
15 terms
linguistics 2
competence
descriptive grammar
prescriptive grammar
universal grammar
the quality of being competent adequacy, possession of requir…
an approach to grammar that is concerned with reporting the u…
an approach to grammar that is concerned with establishing no…
a grammar that attempts to establish the properties and const…
competence
the quality of being competent adequacy, possession of requir…
descriptive grammar
an approach to grammar that is concerned with reporting the u…
16 terms
LINGUISTICS 2
Helping verbs
Linking Verbs
FANBOYS
Coordinating Conjunctions
Put before a verb, some are linking verbs
Verbs that equal a subject to DO/ADJ/N etc..
CC: FOR, AND, BUT, OR, YET , SO
Words that separate two independent clauses, diagrammed with…
Helping verbs
Put before a verb, some are linking verbs
Linking Verbs
Verbs that equal a subject to DO/ADJ/N etc..
10 terms
Linguistics 2
Fricatives
Stops
Nasals
Afficates
-consonants that are produced by forcing air through a narrow…
-you need to stop the airflow completely before saying the le…
EX: m, n
-combines a stop and a fricative... EX: dj (midget)
Fricatives
-consonants that are produced by forcing air through a narrow…
Stops
-you need to stop the airflow completely before saying the le…
139 terms
Linguistics 2
syntax
grammatical
universal grammar
computational system
the order in which words are used in order to elicit meaning
if native speakers judge it to be a possible sentence in thei…
the system of categories, operations and principles that are…
the second subcomponent of grammar - a system that can carry…
syntax
the order in which words are used in order to elicit meaning
grammatical
if native speakers judge it to be a possible sentence in thei…
71 terms
Linguistics 2
Analytic Language
Synthetic Language
Slang
Jargon
(modern english): the one in which the meaning is determined…
(German, Latin, Greek): the meaning is determined by inflecti…
most slang words don't last more than a generation
words used by a particular group of people (ex. educators use…
Analytic Language
(modern english): the one in which the meaning is determined…
Synthetic Language
(German, Latin, Greek): the meaning is determined by inflecti…
27 terms
Linguistics 2
Morphology
Morpheme
Bound Morpheme
Free Morpheme
study of how words are constructed out of morphemes
smallest linguistic unit that has a meaning or grammatical fu…
can't stand alone... (bitterness= bitter+ ness)
can be used as words by themselves (ladybug= lady+bug)
Morphology
study of how words are constructed out of morphemes
Morpheme
smallest linguistic unit that has a meaning or grammatical fu…
71 terms
Linguistics 2
morfología
morfema
morfema léxico
morfema funcional
el estudio de la formación de palabras
la unidad más pequeña que tiene significado o función gramáti…
(decontenido)... tiene significado
(gramatical) ... tiene función gramatical
morfología
el estudio de la formación de palabras
morfema
la unidad más pequeña que tiene significado o función gramáti…
70 terms
Linguistics 2
Argument
Phonetic transcription
Phonemic transcription
Adjunct
phase required by the verb... she put the glass on the table
[] transcription of speech sounds
// transcription of phonemes (meaningful units of language)
non obligatory part of a sentence, clause, or phrase.... Can be…
Argument
phase required by the verb... she put the glass on the table
Phonetic transcription
[] transcription of speech sounds
44 terms
linguistics 2
constituyente
sustitución
movimiento
inserción (epéntesis de algo)
Un grupo de palabras que va juntas. Tipicamente, forman un si…
Un pronombre por un sustantivo o un terminacion verbal por un…
movemos un pro. antes de un verbo conjugado o movemos un sint…
la a personal usada en frente de objetos directos animados. (…
constituyente
Un grupo de palabras que va juntas. Tipicamente, forman un si…
sustitución
Un pronombre por un sustantivo o un terminacion verbal por un…
22 terms
Linguistics #2
o with line
o with doodles
curvy f with no line
3
th (thigh)
th (thy)
sh (shill)
s (meaSure)
o with line
th (thigh)
o with doodles
th (thy)
82 terms
linguistics 2
Where does the history of English begin?
English is a member of what language f…
Who did the AS separate themselves from?
Who lived in Britain before the AS mig…
Northwest Europe
Germanic (West Germanic Branch)
Continental Germanic
The Celts
Where does the history of English begin?
Northwest Europe
English is a member of what language f…
Germanic (West Germanic Branch)
148 terms
Linguistics 2
What is lexical semantics?
What are the units of meaning in lexic…
What theories does lexical semantics c…
What is a synomym?
Lexical semantics is the study of what the words of a languag…
Lexical units. A speaker can continuously add them throughout…
Theories of classification and decomposition of word meaning,…
Synonyms are words that have roughly the same sense (but are…
What is lexical semantics?
Lexical semantics is the study of what the words of a languag…
What are the units of meaning in lexic…
Lexical units. A speaker can continuously add them throughout…
18 terms
Linguistics 2
Conceptualizer
Message Generation
Preverbal message
Formulator
conceiving an intention to talk, selecting the relevant infor…
keeping track of what was said before (monitoring)
product of the conceptualizer (difference be thought and lang…
translates a conceptual structure into a linguistic structure…
Conceptualizer
conceiving an intention to talk, selecting the relevant infor…
Message Generation
keeping track of what was said before (monitoring)
46 terms
Linguistics Exam #2
Reasons to study Animals
Crabs and Spiders don't have a language
Bee communication types
Hockett's 13 design features
1. Define nature of language system 2. To understand human la…
fixed number of movements make it not sophisticated enough fo…
1. Location (relation to sun) 2. amount (vivacity) 3. Distanc…
Interchangeability, Feedback, Specialization, Semanticity, Ar…
Reasons to study Animals
1. Define nature of language system 2. To understand human la…
Crabs and Spiders don't have a language
fixed number of movements make it not sophisticated enough fo…
12 terms
Unit 2 - Linguistics
theory
language acquisition
motivation
critical
an explanation of something that may or may not be correct
learning a language
the reason you want to do something
important
theory
an explanation of something that may or may not be correct
language acquisition
learning a language
22 terms
Linguistics 2
Vygotsky
Chomsky
true
false
theory of language acquisition in which the child can be desc…
theory of language acquisition in which the child has the cen…
true of false... children are born capable of learning any langu…
true of false... critical period for learning a language ends at…
Vygotsky
theory of language acquisition in which the child can be desc…
Chomsky
theory of language acquisition in which the child has the cen…
35 terms
Linguistics 1 & 2
Words
Language
Onomonopoetic
Descriptive Grammar
sound sequences of related specific meanings
An arbitrary system of communication
Sounds like the sound it makes
grammar that describes the inherent parts of a language (what…
Words
sound sequences of related specific meanings
Language
An arbitrary system of communication
31 terms
Linguistics2
Allophone
Phoneme
Contrastive distribution
Complimentary distribution
a contextually determined variant pronunciation of a phoneme.…
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speaker's mental dic…
if there exists a minimal pair involving those segments in th…
if they appear in opposite environments
Allophone
a contextually determined variant pronunciation of a phoneme.…
Phoneme
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speaker's mental dic…
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