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Study sets matching "linguistics 4"

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Study sets matching "linguistics 4"

13 terms
Linguistics 4
Phonemic Representation of Sounds/Word
PhoneTIC Representation of Sound/Words
A Linguist Tries to Detect the Surface…
Underlying/Surface Form Rules for "Boo…
The representation of what is in the mind.... The Underlying Rep…
The representation of the actual sound.... The Surface Form... e.g…
Looking at the patterning of the surface forms and trying to…
Underlying representation: /bʊkz/... Rule X application of "Dev…
Phonemic Representation of Sounds/Word
The representation of what is in the mind.... The Underlying Rep…
PhoneTIC Representation of Sound/Words
The representation of the actual sound.... The Surface Form... e.g…
24 terms
Linguistics 4
Syntax
Lexical Category
Subject
Object
How words combine to create well-formed phrases
Classes of words grouped together based on morphological prop…
Acts through a verb or is described in a predicate
Receives the action of a verb or is governed by a preposition…
Syntax
How words combine to create well-formed phrases
Lexical Category
Classes of words grouped together based on morphological prop…
25 terms
Linguistics 4
neurolinguistics
Phineas P. Gage
above the left ear
Broca's area
the study of the relationship between language and the brain
As he pushed an iron tamping rod into the blasting hole in a…
The most important parts are in areas...
anterior speech cortex... damage to this specific part of the b…
neurolinguistics
the study of the relationship between language and the brain
Phineas P. Gage
As he pushed an iron tamping rod into the blasting hole in a…
19 terms
Linguistics 4
Semantics
Lexical semantics
Phrasal or sentential semantics
Pragmatics
the study of the meaning of morphemes, words, phrases and sen…
word meanings
syntactic units greater than one word
the student of how context affects meaning
Semantics
the study of the meaning of morphemes, words, phrases and sen…
Lexical semantics
word meanings
37 terms
Linguistics 4
Morphemes
Morphology
Bound morpheme
Free morpheme
The smallest units of meaning. Cannot be broken down further…
The study of the structure and classification of words and th…
A meaningful grammatical unit that cannot occur alone.
A meaningful grammatical unit that can stand alone
Morphemes
The smallest units of meaning. Cannot be broken down further…
Morphology
The study of the structure and classification of words and th…
18 terms
linguistics 4
phonetics
similar/identical similar/identical
meanings pronounciations
consonants vowels
the study of the production, perception and properties of sound
two or more languages are likely to be related if they have a…
if two or more languages have a large number of shared vocabu…
speech sounds can be divided into two categories
phonetics
the study of the production, perception and properties of sound
similar/identical similar/identical
two or more languages are likely to be related if they have a…
29 terms
Linguistics 4
Historical Linguistics
Dissimilation
vowel reduction
Metathesis
the linguistic discipline concerned with the description and…
a process in which a sound is modified so that i comes less l…
a process that converts a full vowel, typically unstressed, t…
a reordering of speech segments, often by transposing to sequ…
Historical Linguistics
the linguistic discipline concerned with the description and…
Dissimilation
a process in which a sound is modified so that i comes less l…
15 terms
4) Linguistics
History
Descriptive Linguistics
Phonemes
Phonetic Systems
- Same intellectual 19th century origin as anthro... - grew out…
Attempts to document key elements of language
A basic unit of sound structure in the underlying inventory o…
Attempt to record all variations as distinct symbols
History
- Same intellectual 19th century origin as anthro... - grew out…
Descriptive Linguistics
Attempts to document key elements of language
19 terms
Linguistics lesson 4
incipio (L)
nihil (L)
nego (L)
vanus/vacuus (L)
"to begin" in Latin
"nothing" in Latin
"to deny" in Latin
"empty" in Latin
incipio (L)
"to begin" in Latin
nihil (L)
"nothing" in Latin
25 terms
linguistic 4
Chinese sound has 5 places of articula…
Japanese sound has 6 places of articul…
Korean sound has 5 places of articulat…
left phonemes of Chinese sound is
labial, alveolar, retroflex, palatal, velar
labial, alveolar, palatal, velar, uvelar, glottis
labial, alveolar, palatal, velar, glottis
aspirated
Chinese sound has 5 places of articula…
labial, alveolar, retroflex, palatal, velar
Japanese sound has 6 places of articul…
labial, alveolar, palatal, velar, uvelar, glottis
16 terms
Linguistics: chapter 4
Morphology
Agglutinative language
Analytic language
Synthetic language
Study of word structure
A language in which words are formed from strings of relative…
A language that depends mostly on word order for sentence str…
A language that employs word endings to indicate grammatical…
Morphology
Study of word structure
Agglutinative language
A language in which words are formed from strings of relative…
68 terms
Linguistics (chapters 1-4)
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive grammar
Diachronic vs. Synchronic views
Competence vs. Performance
Corpus Linguistics
Prescriptive grammar means describing language as some people…
Diachronic view looks at language changes through time, word…
Competence is the ability to produce a word or sentence, what…
A branch of linguistics that describes and verifies hypothese…
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive grammar
Prescriptive grammar means describing language as some people…
Diachronic vs. Synchronic views
Diachronic view looks at language changes through time, word…
83 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 4
What phonetics and phonology focuses on?
What morphology focuses on?
What syntax focuses on?
What semantics focuses on?
Articulation of language.
Morphemes that make up the words.
Sentences and structural well-formedness of sentences.
Meaning at sentence level.
What phonetics and phonology focuses on?
Articulation of language.
What morphology focuses on?
Morphemes that make up the words.
71 terms
ASL Linguistics.4
arbitrary form
iconic form
onomatopoeia
phonesthesia
the actual form of the symbol does not reflect the thing/acti…
the form of the symbol is an icon or representation of what i…
A word that sounds like its meaning.
groups of words that resemble each other and whose form seems…
arbitrary form
the actual form of the symbol does not reflect the thing/acti…
iconic form
the form of the symbol is an icon or representation of what i…
31 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
Acronyming
Adjective
Adverb
Auxiliary
Creating a word from the first letters of a string of words (…
A part of speech consisting of words that typically refer to…
A part of speech consisting of words that normally qualify a…
A verb that normally accompanies other verbs and expresses pu…
Acronyming
Creating a word from the first letters of a string of words (…
Adjective
A part of speech consisting of words that typically refer to…
10 terms
Linguistics Week 4
Variety
Standard Languages
Dialect
Regional Variation
The different ways in which humans use language. This can eit…
The legitimisation of one type of language to serve the forma…
A variety or type of language
The differences in language use between different geographica…
Variety
The different ways in which humans use language. This can eit…
Standard Languages
The legitimisation of one type of language to serve the forma…
20 terms
Linguistics Level 4 words
Provident
Impute
Astute
Neophyte
thrifty, economical, saving or providing for the future needs
to charge or attribute, with fault or misconduct
shrewd, clever, perceptive, discerning
beginner, novice, amateur
Provident
thrifty, economical, saving or providing for the future needs
Impute
to charge or attribute, with fault or misconduct
91 terms
ch 4 linguistics morphemes
agr
ge
al
gemin
'field'
'earth'
'other'
'twin'
agr
'field'
ge
'earth'
25 terms
Grammar and Linguistics Week 4
anthrop
astr
auto
bibli
man
star
self
book
anthrop
man
astr
star
28 terms
Linguistics Terminology Quiz #4
phonetics
articulatory phonetics
acoustic phonetics
auditory phonetics
the study of speech sounds
the study of how sounds are produced in the vocal tract
the study of physical characteristics of speech sounds
the study of how speech sounds are perceived
phonetics
the study of speech sounds
articulatory phonetics
the study of how sounds are produced in the vocal tract
39 terms
Linguistics chapter 4
Lexeme
Lexical categories
Lexicon
Lexicography
Has form and meaning, can be used to produce new words, belon…
Category of a word: N, V, Adj, universal in all languages. Wo…
All the words in a given language. All the words in the mind…
A discipline that examines the principles of compiling words…
Lexeme
Has form and meaning, can be used to produce new words, belon…
Lexical categories
Category of a word: N, V, Adj, universal in all languages. Wo…
Linguistics Ch. 4~ Phonology
Phonology
Phonetics
Phoneme
Natural Class
the description of systems and patterns of speech sounds in a…
the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
meaning-distinguishing sounds; sub one sound for another, if…
group of phonemes that have a certain feature in common (ex:…
Phonology
the description of systems and patterns of speech sounds in a…
Phonetics
the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
35 terms
Spanish Linguistics- Examen 4
Una lengua
Un dialecto
el sociolecto
los tres niveles sociolectos
es una sistema comunicativo usado por la gente en un país.
es una versión regional de una lengua. Hay diferencias entre…
la distancia social entre hablantes. Incluye el estatus socio…
1. el acrolecto de la clase alta... 2. el mesolecto de la clase…
Una lengua
es una sistema comunicativo usado por la gente en un país.
Un dialecto
es una versión regional de una lengua. Hay diferencias entre…
8 terms
Linguistics Ch 4
Complementary Distribution
Phoneme
Allophone
Free Variation
Two sounds, neither can occur where the other occurs in a word
Structural element in the sound system of a language
Real speech sound representing the phoneme
Two sounds occur in the same position in a word but do not co…
Complementary Distribution
Two sounds, neither can occur where the other occurs in a word
Phoneme
Structural element in the sound system of a language
32 terms
Linguistics Unit 4
Language Centers of the Brain
Auditory Cortex
Visual Cortex
Motor Cortex
-Auditory Cortex... -Visual Cortex... -Motor Cortex... -Left and Right…
-Located in the temporal lobe next to the Sylvian Fissure... -Re…
-Located in the occipital lobe i the lower back of each hemis…
-Located in the frontal lobe in the upper middle of each hemi…
Language Centers of the Brain
-Auditory Cortex... -Visual Cortex... -Motor Cortex... -Left and Right…
Auditory Cortex
-Located in the temporal lobe next to the Sylvian Fissure... -Re…
14 terms
Linguistics chapter 4
Doceo
Specio
Rigeo
Vivo
Teach
Look at
Stiffen
Live
Doceo
Teach
Specio
Look at
16 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
performative sentence
illocutionary force
Grice's maxims
implicature
A sentence containing a specific type of verb used to accompl…
The intended effect of a speech act, such as a warning, a pro…
principles that serve as the foundation of pragmatics (Maxim…
An inference based not only on an utterance, but also on assu…
performative sentence
A sentence containing a specific type of verb used to accompl…
illocutionary force
The intended effect of a speech act, such as a warning, a pro…
37 terms
Linguistics (Lectures 1-4)
Sapir's definition of language
Class definition of language
Language is not the same as writing.
Language is essentially dialogue.
Language is a purely human, non-instinctive method of communi…
Language is what humans do face-to-face to communicate with o…
Writing is not face-to-face! Also, language arose 150,000 yea…
So, speakers take turns speaking.
Sapir's definition of language
Language is a purely human, non-instinctive method of communi…
Class definition of language
Language is what humans do face-to-face to communicate with o…
16 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
Subject
Direct Object
Rules of Syntax
Phrase Structure Trees
the grammatical relation of a noun phrase to a Sentence when…
The grammatical relation of a noun phrase when it appears imm…
principles of grammar that account for the grammaticality of…
a tree diagram with syntactic categories at each node that re…
Subject
the grammatical relation of a noun phrase to a Sentence when…
Direct Object
The grammatical relation of a noun phrase when it appears imm…
21 terms
linguistics chapter 4
truth conditions
semantics
lexical semantics
phrasal (sentimental semantics)
a statement of these circumstances: sometimes identified with…
meaning of morphemes, words, phrases, and sentences.
concerned with the meanings of words and the meaning of relat…
concerned with the meaning of syntactic units larger than the…
truth conditions
a statement of these circumstances: sometimes identified with…
semantics
meaning of morphemes, words, phrases, and sentences.
63 terms
Linguistics Exam 4
Pragmatics
Linguistic Context
Situational Context
Social Context
Study of how context affects language use
Refers to all the sentences that have been uttered in a disco…
Context of the situation in which the utterance was made, eve…
Information about the relationship between the people who are…
Pragmatics
Study of how context affects language use
Linguistic Context
Refers to all the sentences that have been uttered in a disco…
38 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
Morphemes
Morphology
Bound morpheme
Free morpheme
The smallest units of meaning. This means that morphemes cann…
The study of the structure and classification of words and th…
a meaningful grammatical unit that cannot occur alone
A meaningful grammatical unit that can stand alone
Morphemes
The smallest units of meaning. This means that morphemes cann…
Morphology
The study of the structure and classification of words and th…
24 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
semantic shift
connotation/denotation
epithet
semantic derogation
...
...
...
...
semantic shift
...
connotation/denotation
...
64 terms
Linguistics Chapter 4
agent
analytic
anomoly
antecedent
The thematic role of the noun phrase whose referent does the…
Describes a sentence that is true by virtue of its meaning al…
A violation of semantic rules resulting in expressions that s…
A noun phrase with which a pronoun is coreferential: e.g., th…
agent
The thematic role of the noun phrase whose referent does the…
analytic
Describes a sentence that is true by virtue of its meaning al…
28 terms
Linguistics Test 4
Language variety
idiolect
Sociolinguistics
dialects
any form of language characterized by systematic features... in…
an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, inclu…
the study of the relationship between these language varietie…
when a group of speakers of a language differs noticeably in…
Language variety
any form of language characterized by systematic features... in…
idiolect
an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, inclu…
13 terms
4. Unit 2 Linguistics
acquisition
brain
critical
environment
how someone gets a language
part of the body that controls thinking
very important
the conditions around us
acquisition
how someone gets a language
brain
part of the body that controls thinking
26 terms
Linguistics Exam 4
Dialecto
Inteligibilidad Mutua
Sociolecto
Idiolecto
Una versión de una lengua que usa diferente léxico y tiene di…
Los hablantes pueden entenderse aunque usan diferente léxico…
Una versión lingüística distinguida por el sexo, la edad, el…
La manera individual de hablar de cada persona. Es único.
Dialecto
Una versión de una lengua que usa diferente léxico y tiene di…
Inteligibilidad Mutua
Los hablantes pueden entenderse aunque usan diferente léxico…
59 terms
Linguistics Exam 4
Language
The Blank Slate
The Noble Savage
The Ghost in the Machine
Language appears before necessary for survival, does not appe…
we have no inherent inborn talents/temperament ... the mind is s…
evil motives are not inherent but come from corrupting social…
we are thinking things independent from but intimately relate…
Language
Language appears before necessary for survival, does not appe…
The Blank Slate
we have no inherent inborn talents/temperament ... the mind is s…
38 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 4
Morphology
Lexical categories
Function
Major class
Study of word formation
Parts of speech; noun, verb, etc.
Meaning of a word or its grammatical function in a sentence
A word class with more members and is growing with language e…
Morphology
Study of word formation
Lexical categories
Parts of speech; noun, verb, etc.
31 terms
Linguistics, Ch. 4
phonetics
articulatory phonetics
acoustic phonetics
auditory phonetics
The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds is…
The study of how speech sounds are made is called
The area of phonetics that deals with the physical properties…
The area of phonetics that deals with the perception, via the…
phonetics
The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds is…
articulatory phonetics
The study of how speech sounds are made is called
29 terms
Linguistics Ch. 4
Lexicon
morphology
word
morpheme
a speaker's mental dictionary
the part of grammar that is concerned with words and word for…
the smallest free form sound found in language.
the smallest unit of language that carries information about…
Lexicon
a speaker's mental dictionary
morphology
the part of grammar that is concerned with words and word for…
74 terms
Linguistics Chapter 3-4
phone
phonology
phoneme
consonant
any sound that human beings produce
the scientific study of these speech sounds humans use to com…
the smallest, meaningless unit of sound in a language capab…
sound characterized by closure or obstruction of the vocal tr…
phone
any sound that human beings produce
phonology
the scientific study of these speech sounds humans use to com…
37 terms
Linguistics Exam 4
sociolecto
partes de sociolecto
dialecto
idiolecto
distancia social entre hablantes
estatus-socioeconomico, edad, sexo, nivel de educación
habla regional de una persona
manera individual de hablar
sociolecto
distancia social entre hablantes
partes de sociolecto
estatus-socioeconomico, edad, sexo, nivel de educación
10 terms
Linguistics List #4 Vocab
Apostrophe
Blank verse
conceit
couplet
Imaginary character
No rhythm; iambic pentameter
A fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate meta…
two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by r…
Apostrophe
Imaginary character
Blank verse
No rhythm; iambic pentameter
quiz 4 linguistics
why might women pay more attention to…
what counts as address?
Forms of direct address
what can choices of address forms mark?
precarious social status, need to build solidarity, judged on…
in english terms such as sir/ma'am, mom/dad, dear/dude, profe…
you, you all, you guys
Respect & social distance... Relationship between speaker and ad…
why might women pay more attention to…
precarious social status, need to build solidarity, judged on…
what counts as address?
in english terms such as sir/ma'am, mom/dad, dear/dude, profe…
33 terms
Linguistics Ch. 4
Morphology
morpheme
bound morpheme
free morpheme
the study of the structure and classification of words and th…
the smallest unit of meaning
meaningful grammatical unit that cannot occur alone
meaningful grammatical unit that can stand alone
Morphology
the study of the structure and classification of words and th…
morpheme
the smallest unit of meaning
24 terms
Ch. 4 Vocab. Linguistics
Grammatical relation
Subject
Direct Object
Structural ambiguity
any of several structural positions that a noun phrase may as…
the grammatical relation of a noun phrase to a sentence when…
the grammatical relation of a noun phrase when it appears imm…
the phenomenon in which the same sequence of words has two or…
Grammatical relation
any of several structural positions that a noun phrase may as…
Subject
the grammatical relation of a noun phrase to a sentence when…
123 terms
Linguistics Ch 1-4
communication
code
language
utterance
behavior that affects the behavior of others by the transmiss…
complex pattern of associations of the units of a comm. system.
narrowest sense is, for most linguists, a uniquely human cogn…
stretch of speech between two periods of silence or a potenti…
communication
behavior that affects the behavior of others by the transmiss…
code
complex pattern of associations of the units of a comm. system.
Linguistics Chp. 4
allomorphs
bound morpheme
complex words
free form
variants of a morpheme
a morpheme that mist be attached to another element
a word that contains two or more morphemes
an element that can occur in isolation and/or whose position…
allomorphs
variants of a morpheme
bound morpheme
a morpheme that mist be attached to another element
78 terms
Linguistics chapter 3 and 4
phonology
phonetic constraints
all consonants in english may occur at…
3 consonant onset (in english)
the distribution of sounds in language and the interactions b…
restrictions on possible combinations of sounds... -what sounds…
mea[s]ure and [ng]... stop or fricative followed by a glide... (s c…
provided the first is [s], the second is [p], [t], or [k], an…
phonology
the distribution of sounds in language and the interactions b…
phonetic constraints
restrictions on possible combinations of sounds... -what sounds…
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