Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 10"

129 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10
psyche
psycho
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho
mind
23 terms
Pragmatics - Linguistics chapter 10
pragmatics
context
physical context
linguistic context
the study of what speakers mean, or "speaker meaning."
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, stateme…
our mental representation of the physical environment (place…
the set of surrounding words used in the same phrase/sentence…
pragmatics
the study of what speakers mean, or "speaker meaning."
context
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, stateme…
91 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Psychology
psyche
psycho-
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho-
mind
29 terms
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 10
cross-sectional (research)
diary study
experimental studies
grammar
research that investigates and compares subjects selected fro…
a type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
studies in child language in which researchers make use of sp…
the mental system of rules and categories that allows humans…
cross-sectional (research)
research that investigates and compares subjects selected fro…
diary study
a type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
Chapter 10 linguistics vocab
Sentence meaning
Utterance meaning
pragmatics
Truth condition
is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are gr…
is a unit of speech bounded by silence
encompasses speech act theory, conversational implicature, ta…
are that which obtain precisely when a sentence is true.
Sentence meaning
is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are gr…
Utterance meaning
is a unit of speech bounded by silence
16 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Vocab
Idiolect
Dialect
Regional dialect
Social dialect
the language variety of an individual speaker
a variety of language defined by both geographical factors an…
the variety of language defined by a region or geography
variety of a language defined by social factors such as age,…
Idiolect
the language variety of an individual speaker
Dialect
a variety of language defined by both geographical factors an…
62 terms
linguistics chapter 10
psyche
mens, mentis
anima, animae
animus, animi
spirit, soul
mind
breath
soul, mind, courage, passion
psyche
spirit, soul
mens, mentis
mind
6 terms
Chapter 10 (linguistics)
lingua franca
pidgin
creole
diglossia
language that is not native to either speaker or listener but…
emergency communication language, highly variable simplified…
fully developed language once they acquire native speakers in…
language used by majority is not laguage used for official pu…
lingua franca
language that is not native to either speaker or listener but…
pidgin
emergency communication language, highly variable simplified…
7 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10
argot
code switching
jargon
linguistic repertoire
The specialized vocabulary of a group, often an occupational…
Alternating between two or more language varieties when speak…
Specialist terms, especially those used by occupational, recr…
The set of language varieties (including registers and dialec…
argot
The specialized vocabulary of a group, often an occupational…
code switching
Alternating between two or more language varieties when speak…
20 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Review
Idiolect
Accents
Mutual Intelligibility
Dialect Continuum
Every native speaker speaks own idiolect that differs from ot…
Systematic phonological variation. *Everyone has an accent. O…
A criterion used to distinguish dialects from language. If sp…
A complication for mutual intelligibility. Each dialect is cl…
Idiolect
Every native speaker speaks own idiolect that differs from ot…
Accents
Systematic phonological variation. *Everyone has an accent. O…
Linguistics Chapter 10
Acoustic
Acoustic phonetics
Lexical access
Parallel processing
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Concerned only with speech sounds that can be heard with norm…
Word recognition, listeners use lexical knowledge to identify…
A lot of operations take place at once
Acoustic
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Acoustic phonetics
Concerned only with speech sounds that can be heard with norm…
77 terms
Linguistics chapter 10
psyche
psycho-
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho-
mind
Linguistics: chapter 10
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
Responsible for language and motor functions
Responsible for bodily sensations such as touch pain and temp…
Vision
Hearing and aspects of memory storage
Frontal lobe
Responsible for language and motor functions
Parietal lobe
Responsible for bodily sensations such as touch pain and temp…
Linguistics 1020 Chapter 10
gender-exclusive features
gender-preferential features
direct indexing
indirect indexing
features associated solely with a particular user or group of…
a feature that is distributed across speakers or groups, but…
a linguistic feature directly indexes something with social m…
distribution is sex preferential; generally associated with o…
gender-exclusive features
features associated solely with a particular user or group of…
gender-preferential features
a feature that is distributed across speakers or groups, but…
Linguistics 210 Chapter 10
Pragmatics
Deixis
Reference
Inference
The study of language in use, of those conditions that normal…
"Pointing" via language (Saying when, where, who) - me, you,…
An act by which a speaker uses a language to enable a listene…
Additional info given so the listener can create a connection…
Pragmatics
The study of language in use, of those conditions that normal…
Deixis
"Pointing" via language (Saying when, where, who) - me, you,…
11 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10: Prosody
Segmental properties of speech sounds
Suprasegmental properties of speech so…
Pitch
Timing
____ refers to the way sounds consitute segments of language…
Prosody refers to ___ variations in four different... aspects of…
the perception of a sound on a scale of low to high; correlat…
distribution of speech elements through time, including accel…
Segmental properties of speech sounds
____ refers to the way sounds consitute segments of language…
Suprasegmental properties of speech so…
Prosody refers to ___ variations in four different... aspects of…
Linguistics: chapter 10
Phone
Phonemes
Bat, hat
Morpheme
Basic unit of sound
smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning
Phoneme
Smallest unit of sound that conveys meaning
Phone
Basic unit of sound
Phonemes
smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning
Chapter 10 linguistics
Idiolect
Dialect
Dialect leveling
Regional dialect
Unique characteristics of the language of an individual speaker
Systematic differences in the way different groups speak
Movement toward greater uniformity and less variation among d…
Dialects within different regions
Idiolect
Unique characteristics of the language of an individual speaker
Dialect
Systematic differences in the way different groups speak
Linguistics 201: Chapter 10
Although a writing system might be lab…
When you pronounce the abbreviations F…
English writing can be described as:
The rebus principle is the basis for a…
true
syllabic principle
a system in which most symbols are alphabetic, but some are l…
symbols that once stood for whole one syllable words instead…
Although a writing system might be lab…
true
When you pronounce the abbreviations F…
syllabic principle
Linguistics Chapter 10
Sociolinguistics
Language Variety
Idiolects
Dialect
Studies interrelationships of language varieties and social s…
Refers to many types of language variation; All varieties are…
An individual's distinctive and unique use of language, inclu…
Variety of a given language characterized by systematic diffe…
Sociolinguistics
Studies interrelationships of language varieties and social s…
Language Variety
Refers to many types of language variation; All varieties are…
71 terms
Chapter 10 Linguistics
mind
mind
breath
soul,mind,courage,passion
Psycho
Mens,Mentis
Anima,Animae
Animus,Animi
mind
Psycho
mind
Mens,Mentis
Linguistics 233 Chapter 10
Style
Style-shifting
attention to speech model
audience design model
One of the speech varieties used by an individual; different…
Variation within the speech of a single speaker; often correl…
The approach to style shifting that maintains that style shif…
The approach to style shifting that maintains that speakers a…
Style
One of the speech varieties used by an individual; different…
Style-shifting
Variation within the speech of a single speaker; often correl…
7 terms
linguistics chapter 10 quiz
dialect
creole
pidgin
lingua franca
The dialects of a language are the mutually intelligible form…
when a pidgin is the only language children are exposed to, a…
a simplified system with properties of both the superstrate (…
When different languages are spoken in an area, and one langu…
dialect
The dialects of a language are the mutually intelligible form…
creole
when a pidgin is the only language children are exposed to, a…
Linguistics Final Chapter10
pragmatics
physical context
co text/linguistic context
deixis
the invisible meaning
the physical location, seeing the word bank on a building mea…
the set of other words used in the same phrase or sentence- h…
"pointing" in Greek... deictic expressions-tomorrow, here-con on…
pragmatics
the invisible meaning
physical context
the physical location, seeing the word bank on a building mea…
Introduction to Linguistics - Chapter 10 - Vocabulary Terms
registers
linguistic repitoire
speech situation
slang
styles
may consist of several languages and include several varietie…
coming together of significant situational factors such as pu…
the vocabulary sometimes used in situations of extreme inform…
registers
styles
linguistic repitoire
may consist of several languages and include several varietie…
28 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 10 - Pragmatics
Pragmatics
Linguistic context
Linguistic context
Physical context
The study of meaning and how more is communicated then said
The understanding of a word by incorporating them into the su…
Ex. The snow bank... Ex. You understand the bank is made up of s…
The understanding of a word by the physical placement of it…
Pragmatics
The study of meaning and how more is communicated then said
Linguistic context
The understanding of a word by incorporating them into the su…
83 terms
Linguistics Vocab Chapter 10 - 11
Cross-Sectional
Diary Study
Experimental Studies
Grammar
Investigates and compares the linguistic knowledge of differe…
A type of naturalistic approach where a researcher keeps dail…
When researchers make use of specially designed task to elici…
The mental system that allows people to speak and understand…
Cross-Sectional
Investigates and compares the linguistic knowledge of differe…
Diary Study
A type of naturalistic approach where a researcher keeps dail…
20 terms
Linguistics 150: Chapter 10&11
al
api
bov
col~cul
other ... alter
bee ... apiary
cow... bovine
inhabit, grow ... colony
al
other ... alter
api
bee ... apiary
Linguistics Chapter 10 Language Variation
Language Variety
Idiolect
Internal Variation (within-language)
Accent
refers to many types of language variation, characterized by…
form of a language spoken by one person... Speakers can share p…
languages are obviously quite different from one another. But…
systematic phonological variation - or slang
Language Variety
refers to many types of language variation, characterized by…
Idiolect
form of a language spoken by one person... Speakers can share p…
Linguistics Ch 10 Psychology
psyche
mens, mentis
psycho-
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
mens, mentis
mind
22 terms
Linguistics. Chapter 10. Language Variation Definitions
Accent
Dialect
idiolect
slang
Characteristics of pronunciation inherent in every person's s…
A variety of a language defined by both geographical factors…
The language variety of an individual speaker
Words or expressions used in informal settings, often to indi…
Accent
Characteristics of pronunciation inherent in every person's s…
Dialect
A variety of a language defined by both geographical factors…
25 terms
Linguistic Anthropology - Chapter 10
Non-Human Primates
Call Systems
ASL
Linguistics
Humans use language but other primates have call systems
Call systems consist of a limited number of sounds that are p…
american sign language. taught to chimpanzees.
The study of language
Non-Human Primates
Humans use language but other primates have call systems
Call Systems
Call systems consist of a limited number of sounds that are p…
Chapter 10 PP vocab linguistics
3 types of Speech Acts
Locutionary Act
Illocutionary Act
Perlocutionary Act
Locutionary Act... Illocutionary Act... Perlocutionary Act
An utterance with a particular sense and reference (closest t…
The act defined by social convention that is performed by mak…
The effects on the audience, whether intended or unintended b…
3 types of Speech Acts
Locutionary Act... Illocutionary Act... Perlocutionary Act
Locutionary Act
An utterance with a particular sense and reference (closest t…
Linguistics: An Introduction (Chapter 10)
bee dance
bird calls
bird-song
gesture
A set of bodily movements used by some species of honeybee to…
Brief vocalizations by birds conveying information about the…
A complex pattern of vocalizations used for attracting mates…
Distinctive movement of a body part conveying meaning, for ex…
bee dance
A set of bodily movements used by some species of honeybee to…
bird calls
Brief vocalizations by birds conveying information about the…
Linguistics: Chapter 10 (Semantics and Pragmatics: Making Meaning with Sentences)
Sentence Meaning
Utterance Meaning
Pragmatics
Proposition
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
Study of the meanings of sentences in context (utterance mean…
Assertion expressed by a sentence regardless of context or re…
Sentence Meaning
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Utterance Meaning
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
Linguistics Ch 10 Four Humors
chole
bilis
melancholia
melas, melanos
yellow bile, anger
yellow bile, irritable
black bile, sadness
black
chole
yellow bile, anger
bilis
yellow bile, irritable
Linguistics Ch 10 Science Mind
intellego, intellegere, intellectum
lego, legere, lectum
idion
idio-
understand, distinguish
choose, read
private
peculiar to
intellego, intellegere, intellectum
understand, distinguish
lego, legere, lectum
choose, read
Linguistics Ch 10 Gray Boxes
arachne
hybris
mania
phobos
spider
shamelessness, believing equal to gods
madness
fear
arachne
spider
hybris
shamelessness, believing equal to gods
Linguistics Ch 10 Planets and Gods
mercurius, mercurii
venus, veneris
mars, martis
juppiter, jovis
winged messenger
goddess of love and sexual desire
god of war
ruler of the gods
mercurius, mercurii
winged messenger
venus, veneris
goddess of love and sexual desire
Linguistics Chapter 10 Language Processing and the Human Brain
Psycholinguistics
Acoustic
Acoustic phonetics
Segmentaion problem
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Concerned with only the speech sounds, all of which can be he…
A problem of speech perception: To explain how listeners carv…
Psycholinguistics
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Acoustic
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
22 terms
Linguistics Ch 10
Writing
Logographic writing (word-writing)
Syllabic writing
Alphabetic writing
A graphic (visual) presentation of units (morphemes, syllable…
The symbols stand for whole words or morphemes
Each symbol represents one syllable
Each symbol, ideally, represents one specific phoneme
Writing
A graphic (visual) presentation of units (morphemes, syllable…
Logographic writing (word-writing)
The symbols stand for whole words or morphemes
Linguistics Ch 10 Complexes Family
narcissism
Electra complex
Oedipus complex
mother
admiration of oneself
suppressed sexual desire of daughter for her father
Desire of child for sexual gratification with the parent of t…
mater, matris
narcissism
admiration of oneself
Electra complex
suppressed sexual desire of daughter for her father
Linguistics Ch 10
Pragmatics
Prototypes
Deixis
Reference
The study of what speakers mean, or the "speaker's meaning"
A mental image or best example of a category.
The way language "points to" spatial (places), temporal (time…
act of gaining such knowledge. When you actively seek out fac…
Pragmatics
The study of what speakers mean, or the "speaker's meaning"
Prototypes
A mental image or best example of a category.
Linguistics Ch 10 Hatred, Disapproval
hatred
hate
hate prefix
enemy (of the state)
odium, odii
miseo
miso-
hostilis, hostis
hatred
odium, odii
hate
miseo
Linguistics Ch 10 Love, Desire
marriage
wife (7)
husband (7)
love
matrimonium, matrimonii, gamos
uxor, uxoris, matrona, matronae, gyne, gynaecos, gamete
maritus, mariti, vir, viri, aner, andros, gametes
amo, amare, amatum
marriage
matrimonium, matrimonii, gamos
wife (7)
uxor, uxoris, matrona, matronae, gyne, gynaecos, gamete
11 terms
Chapter 10: Linguistically based treatment approaches
Linguistically based intervention
Minimal pair contrast therapy
Maximal opposition
Minimal opposition
Focuses on strategies for re-organizing a child's phonologica…
employs pairs of words that differ by a single phoneme (bat,…
Contrasts that differ on more than a single feature ex: tea a…
Contrasts that differ on one single feature (sun and ton)
Linguistically based intervention
Focuses on strategies for re-organizing a child's phonologica…
Minimal pair contrast therapy
employs pairs of words that differ by a single phoneme (bat,…
20 terms
Introduction to linguistics chapter 10 First language acquisition
Naturalistic approach
Diary study
Longitudinal studies
Experimental approach
An approach to investigating child language in which research…
A type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
Studies that examine language development over an extended pe…
An approach to investigating language in which researchers ma…
Naturalistic approach
An approach to investigating child language in which research…
Diary study
A type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
7 terms
Chapter 10 Linguistic Anthro
Endangered Language
Language Revitalization
Status Planning
Corpus Planning
a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speak…
the attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
position in regards to other languages, Status planning is th…
intentional work on the language (orthography development, st…
Endangered Language
a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speak…
Language Revitalization
the attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
14 terms
Linguistics lesson 10
Cresco / crescere (L)
Facio / facere (L)
Texo / texere (L)
accrue (intr v)
"to grow or increase" in Latin
"to make" in Latin
"to weave" in Latin
to come as a natural increase or advantage
Cresco / crescere (L)
"to grow or increase" in Latin
Facio / facere (L)
"to make" in Latin
19 terms
chapter one: linguistics
semanticity
arbitrariness
discreteness
displacement
specific signals can be matched with specific meanings. words…
there is no logical connection between the form of the signal…
messages in the system are made up of smaller, repeatable par…
the language user can talk about things that are not present-…
semanticity
specific signals can be matched with specific meanings. words…
arbitrariness
there is no logical connection between the form of the signal…
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