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Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 10"

129 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10
psyche
psycho
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho
mind
77 terms
Linguistics chapter 10
psyche
psycho-
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho-
mind
23 terms
Pragmatics - Linguistics chapter 10
pragmatics
context
physical context
linguistic context
the study of what speakers mean, or "speaker meaning."
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, stateme…
our mental representation of the physical environment (place…
the set of surrounding words used in the same phrase/sentence…
pragmatics
the study of what speakers mean, or "speaker meaning."
context
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, stateme…
91 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Psychology
psyche
psycho-
mens, mentis
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
psycho-
mind
8 terms
Linguistics: chapter 10
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
Responsible for language and motor functions
Responsible for bodily sensations such as touch pain and temp…
Vision
Hearing and aspects of memory storage
Frontal lobe
Responsible for language and motor functions
Parietal lobe
Responsible for bodily sensations such as touch pain and temp…
29 terms
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 10
cross-sectional (research)
diary study
experimental studies
grammar
research that investigates and compares subjects selected fro…
a type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
studies in child language in which researchers make use of sp…
the mental system of rules and categories that allows humans…
cross-sectional (research)
research that investigates and compares subjects selected fro…
diary study
a type of naturalistic investigation in which a researcher (o…
5 terms
Chapter 10 linguistics vocab
Sentence meaning
Utterance meaning
pragmatics
Truth condition
is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are gr…
is a unit of speech bounded by silence
encompasses speech act theory, conversational implicature, ta…
are that which obtain precisely when a sentence is true.
Sentence meaning
is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are gr…
Utterance meaning
is a unit of speech bounded by silence
25 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10
Sociolinguistics
Language Variety
Idiolects
Dialect
Studies interrelationships of language varieties and social s…
Refers to many types of language variation; All varieties are…
An individual's distinctive and unique use of language, inclu…
Variety of a given language characterized by systematic diffe…
Sociolinguistics
Studies interrelationships of language varieties and social s…
Language Variety
Refers to many types of language variation; All varieties are…
71 terms
Chapter 10 Linguistics
mind
mind
breath
soul,mind,courage,passion
Psycho
Mens,Mentis
Anima,Animae
Animus,Animi
mind
Psycho
mind
Mens,Mentis
20 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Review
Idiolect
Accents
Mutual Intelligibility
Dialect Continuum
Every native speaker speaks own idiolect that differs from ot…
Systematic phonological variation. *Everyone has an accent. O…
A criterion used to distinguish dialects from language. If sp…
A complication for mutual intelligibility. Each dialect is cl…
Idiolect
Every native speaker speaks own idiolect that differs from ot…
Accents
Systematic phonological variation. *Everyone has an accent. O…
Linguistics Chapter 10
Acoustic
Acoustic phonetics
Lexical access
Parallel processing
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Concerned only with speech sounds that can be heard with norm…
Word recognition, listeners use lexical knowledge to identify…
A lot of operations take place at once
Acoustic
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Acoustic phonetics
Concerned only with speech sounds that can be heard with norm…
16 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Vocab
Idiolect
Dialect
Regional dialect
Social dialect
the language variety of an individual speaker
a variety of language defined by both geographical factors an…
the variety of language defined by a region or geography
variety of a language defined by social factors such as age,…
Idiolect
the language variety of an individual speaker
Dialect
a variety of language defined by both geographical factors an…
9 terms
Chapter 10 linguistics
Idiolect
Dialect
Dialect leveling
Regional dialect
Unique characteristics of the language of an individual speaker
Systematic differences in the way different groups speak
Movement toward greater uniformity and less variation among d…
Dialects within different regions
Idiolect
Unique characteristics of the language of an individual speaker
Dialect
Systematic differences in the way different groups speak
19 terms
Linguistics 201: Chapter 10
Although a writing system might be lab…
When you pronounce the abbreviations F…
English writing can be described as:
The rebus principle is the basis for a…
true
syllabic principle
a system in which most symbols are alphabetic, but some are l…
symbols that once stood for whole one syllable words instead…
Although a writing system might be lab…
true
When you pronounce the abbreviations F…
syllabic principle
62 terms
linguistics chapter 10
psyche
mens, mentis
anima, animae
animus, animi
spirit, soul
mind
breath
soul, mind, courage, passion
psyche
spirit, soul
mens, mentis
mind
6 terms
Introduction to Linguistics - Chapter 10 - Vocabulary Terms
registers
linguistic repitoire
speech situation
slang
styles
may consist of several languages and include several varietie…
coming together of significant situational factors such as pu…
the vocabulary sometimes used in situations of extreme inform…
registers
styles
linguistic repitoire
may consist of several languages and include several varietie…
8 terms
Linguistics: chapter 10
Phone
Phonemes
Bat, hat
Morpheme
Basic unit of sound
smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning
Phoneme
Smallest unit of sound that conveys meaning
Phone
Basic unit of sound
Phonemes
smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning
16 terms
Linguistics 1020 Chapter 10
gender-exclusive features
gender-preferential features
direct indexing
indirect indexing
features associated solely with a particular user or group of…
a feature that is distributed across speakers or groups, but…
a linguistic feature directly indexes something with social m…
distribution is sex preferential; generally associated with o…
gender-exclusive features
features associated solely with a particular user or group of…
gender-preferential features
a feature that is distributed across speakers or groups, but…
10 terms
Linguistics 210 Chapter 10
Pragmatics
Deixis
Reference
Inference
The study of language in use, of those conditions that normal…
"Pointing" via language (Saying when, where, who) - me, you,…
An act by which a speaker uses a language to enable a listene…
Additional info given so the listener can create a connection…
Pragmatics
The study of language in use, of those conditions that normal…
Deixis
"Pointing" via language (Saying when, where, who) - me, you,…
11 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10: Prosody
Segmental properties of speech sounds
Suprasegmental properties of speech so…
Pitch
Timing
____ refers to the way sounds consitute segments of language…
Prosody refers to ___ variations in four different... aspects of…
the perception of a sound on a scale of low to high; correlat…
distribution of speech elements through time, including accel…
Segmental properties of speech sounds
____ refers to the way sounds consitute segments of language…
Suprasegmental properties of speech so…
Prosody refers to ___ variations in four different... aspects of…
20 terms
Linguistics Final Chapter10
pragmatics
physical context
co text/linguistic context
deixis
the invisible meaning
the physical location, seeing the word bank on a building mea…
the set of other words used in the same phrase or sentence- h…
"pointing" in Greek... deictic expressions-tomorrow, here-con on…
pragmatics
the invisible meaning
physical context
the physical location, seeing the word bank on a building mea…
32 terms
Chapter 10 PP vocab linguistics
3 types of Speech Acts
Locutionary Act
Illocutionary Act
Perlocutionary Act
Locutionary Act... Illocutionary Act... Perlocutionary Act
An utterance with a particular sense and reference (closest t…
The act defined by social convention that is performed by mak…
The effects on the audience, whether intended or unintended b…
3 types of Speech Acts
Locutionary Act... Illocutionary Act... Perlocutionary Act
Locutionary Act
An utterance with a particular sense and reference (closest t…
83 terms
Linguistics Vocab Chapter 10 - 11
Cross-Sectional
Diary Study
Experimental Studies
Grammar
Investigates and compares the linguistic knowledge of differe…
A type of naturalistic approach where a researcher keeps dail…
When researchers make use of specially designed task to elici…
The mental system that allows people to speak and understand…
Cross-Sectional
Investigates and compares the linguistic knowledge of differe…
Diary Study
A type of naturalistic approach where a researcher keeps dail…
20 terms
Linguistics 150: Chapter 10&11
al
api
bov
col~cul
other ... alter
bee ... apiary
cow... bovine
inhabit, grow ... colony
al
other ... alter
api
bee ... apiary
40 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Language Variation
Language Variety
Idiolect
Internal Variation (within-language)
Accent
refers to many types of language variation, characterized by…
form of a language spoken by one person... Speakers can share p…
languages are obviously quite different from one another. But…
systematic phonological variation - or slang
Language Variety
refers to many types of language variation, characterized by…
Idiolect
form of a language spoken by one person... Speakers can share p…
11 terms
Linguistics Ch 10 Psychology
psyche
mens, mentis
psycho-
anima, animae
spirit, soul
mind
mind
breath
psyche
spirit, soul
mens, mentis
mind
22 terms
Linguistics. Chapter 10. Language Variation Definitions
Accent
Dialect
idiolect
slang
Characteristics of pronunciation inherent in every person's s…
A variety of a language defined by both geographical factors…
The language variety of an individual speaker
Words or expressions used in informal settings, often to indi…
Accent
Characteristics of pronunciation inherent in every person's s…
Dialect
A variety of a language defined by both geographical factors…
25 terms
Linguistic Anthropology - Chapter 10
Non-Human Primates
Call Systems
ASL
Linguistics
Humans use language but other primates have call systems
Call systems consist of a limited number of sounds that are p…
american sign language. taught to chimpanzees.
The study of language
Non-Human Primates
Humans use language but other primates have call systems
Call Systems
Call systems consist of a limited number of sounds that are p…
5 terms
Linguistics: An Introduction (Chapter 10)
bee dance
bird calls
bird-song
gesture
A set of bodily movements used by some species of honeybee to…
Brief vocalizations by birds conveying information about the…
A complex pattern of vocalizations used for attracting mates…
Distinctive movement of a body part conveying meaning, for ex…
bee dance
A set of bodily movements used by some species of honeybee to…
bird calls
Brief vocalizations by birds conveying information about the…
11 terms
Chapter 10: Linguistically based treatment approaches
Linguistically based intervention
Minimal pair contrast therapy
Maximal opposition
Minimal opposition
Focuses on strategies for re-organizing a child's phonologica…
employs pairs of words that differ by a single phoneme (bat,…
Contrasts that differ on more than a single feature ex: tea a…
Contrasts that differ on one single feature (sun and ton)
Linguistically based intervention
Focuses on strategies for re-organizing a child's phonologica…
Minimal pair contrast therapy
employs pairs of words that differ by a single phoneme (bat,…
Linguistics: Chapter 10 (Semantics and Pragmatics: Making Meaning with Sentences)
Sentence Meaning
Utterance Meaning
Pragmatics
Proposition
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
Study of the meanings of sentences in context (utterance mean…
Assertion expressed by a sentence regardless of context or re…
Sentence Meaning
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Utterance Meaning
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
21 terms
Linguistics Chapter 10 Language Processing and the Human Brain
Psycholinguistics
Acoustic
Acoustic phonetics
Segmentaion problem
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Concerned with only the speech sounds, all of which can be he…
A problem of speech perception: To explain how listeners carv…
Psycholinguistics
The area of linguistics that is concerned with linguistic per…
Acoustic
Pertaining to physical aspects of sound
Linguistics Ch 10 Science Mind
intellego, intellegere, intellectum
lego, legere, lectum
idion
idio-
understand, distinguish
choose, read
private
peculiar to
intellego, intellegere, intellectum
understand, distinguish
lego, legere, lectum
choose, read
11 terms
Linguistics Ch 10 Love, Desire
marriage
wife (7)
husband (7)
love
matrimonium, matrimonii, gamos
uxor, uxoris, matrona, matronae, gyne, gynaecos, gamete
maritus, mariti, vir, viri, aner, andros, gametes
amo, amare, amatum
marriage
matrimonium, matrimonii, gamos
wife (7)
uxor, uxoris, matrona, matronae, gyne, gynaecos, gamete
16 terms
Linguistics Ch 10 Complexes Family
narcissism
Electra complex
Oedipus complex
mother
admiration of oneself
suppressed sexual desire of daughter for her father
Desire of child for sexual gratification with the parent of t…
mater, matris
narcissism
admiration of oneself
Electra complex
suppressed sexual desire of daughter for her father
Linguistics Ch 10 Hatred, Disapproval
hatred
hate
hate prefix
enemy (of the state)
odium, odii
miseo
miso-
hostilis, hostis
hatred
odium, odii
hate
miseo
7 terms
Chapter 10 Linguistic Anthro
Endangered Language
Language Revitalization
Status Planning
Corpus Planning
a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speak…
the attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
position in regards to other languages, Status planning is th…
intentional work on the language (orthography development, st…
Endangered Language
a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speak…
Language Revitalization
the attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
12 terms
Linguistics Ch 10
Pragmatics
Prototypes
Deixis
Reference
The study of what speakers mean, or the "speaker's meaning"
A mental image or best example of a category.
The way language "points to" spatial (places), temporal (time…
act of gaining such knowledge. When you actively seek out fac…
Pragmatics
The study of what speakers mean, or the "speaker's meaning"
Prototypes
A mental image or best example of a category.
22 terms
Linguistics Ch 10
Writing
Logographic writing (word-writing)
Syllabic writing
Alphabetic writing
A graphic (visual) presentation of units (morphemes, syllable…
The symbols stand for whole words or morphemes
Each symbol represents one syllable
Each symbol, ideally, represents one specific phoneme
Writing
A graphic (visual) presentation of units (morphemes, syllable…
Logographic writing (word-writing)
The symbols stand for whole words or morphemes
5 terms
Linguistic Anthropology: Chapter 10- An Anthropology of Language
Language extinction
Language revitalization
marked form
marking
The situation in which there are no more speakers of a partic…
The attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
A linguistic form that is considered to be non neutral in a l…
The linguistic phenomenon of deriving a non neutral form from…
Language extinction
The situation in which there are no more speakers of a partic…
Language revitalization
The attempt to assist people in maintaining endangered langua…
36 terms
Linguistics 5 - Chapter 10 - Semantics and Pragmatics: Making Meaning with Sentences
sentence meaning
utterance meaning
pragmatics
proposition
meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
study of the meanings of sentences in context (utterance mean…
assertion expressed by a sentence regardless of context or re…
sentence meaning
meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
utterance meaning
meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
11 terms
Linguistics final (chapter 10, child language acquisition)
Behaviorism
Chomsky's theories of language acquisi…
language acquisition device
stages of language acquisition
- first theories are based in imitation of behavior... - not eno…
- says kids are hard-wired to acquire language... - something in…
...
1. use of vocal mechanism (grunts/gurgles)... 2. cooing, sounds,…
Behaviorism
- first theories are based in imitation of behavior... - not eno…
Chomsky's theories of language acquisi…
- says kids are hard-wired to acquire language... - something in…
Chapter 10 - Linguistically Based Treatment Approaches
Linguistic approaches are focused on t…
Linguistic based intervention focuses…
What is the primary focus of linguisti…
Exemplars
Sound contrasts and appropriate phonological patterns.
Reorganizing a child's phonological system. ... *Linguistic appr…
Establish sound an features contrasts plus replace error patt…
Individual sounds that are likely to facilitate generalizatio…
Linguistic approaches are focused on t…
Sound contrasts and appropriate phonological patterns.
Linguistic based intervention focuses…
Reorganizing a child's phonological system. ... *Linguistic appr…
14 terms
Linguistics lesson 10
Cresco / crescere (L)
Facio / facere (L)
Texo / texere (L)
accrue (intr v)
"to grow or increase" in Latin
"to make" in Latin
"to weave" in Latin
to come as a natural increase or advantage
Cresco / crescere (L)
"to grow or increase" in Latin
Facio / facere (L)
"to make" in Latin
8 terms
Linguistics ch 10 Terms
registers (styles)
linguistic repertoire
speech situation
code switching
language varieties characteristic of particular social situat…
the set of language varieties exhibited in the speaking and w…
coming together of significant situational factors such as pu…
switching between language varieties
registers (styles)
language varieties characteristic of particular social situat…
linguistic repertoire
the set of language varieties exhibited in the speaking and w…
53 terms
Linguistics Ch.10
acoustic signal
acquired dyslexia
agrammatic aphasics
agrammatism
The sound waves produced by any sound source, including speech.
Loss of ability to read correctly following brain damage in p…
Persons suffering from agrammatism.
Language disorder usually resulting from damage to Broca's re…
acoustic signal
The sound waves produced by any sound source, including speech.
acquired dyslexia
Loss of ability to read correctly following brain damage in p…
82 terms
Linguistics Chapter 9+10
Polis
demos
despotes
oligoi
city, city-state
the people
master, lord
few
Polis
city, city-state
demos
the people
28 terms
Linguistics: Chapter 3
Explain the motivation for the IPA
/wʌns əpɑn ə tɑɪm ðəɾ wʌz ə kæt ɪn ə h…
i
ɪ
An established, consistent set of symbols for representing th…
Once upon a time there was a cat in a hat who escaped from th…
/ee/ feet
/i/ fit
Explain the motivation for the IPA
An established, consistent set of symbols for representing th…
/wʌns əpɑn ə tɑɪm ðəɾ wʌz ə kæt ɪn ə h…
Once upon a time there was a cat in a hat who escaped from th…
16 terms
Linguistics: chapter 4
Morphology
Agglutinative language
Analytic language
Synthetic language
Study of word structure
A language in which words are formed from strings of relative…
A language that depends mostly on word order for sentence str…
A language that employs word endings to indicate grammatical…
Morphology
Study of word structure
Agglutinative language
A language in which words are formed from strings of relative…
29 terms
Linguistics Chapters 10-11
Sentence Meaning
Utterance Meaning
Pragmatics
Proposition
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
Study of the meanings of sentences in context
Assertion expressed by a sentence regardless of context or re…
Sentence Meaning
Meaning of a sentence regardless of context or knowledge of t…
Utterance Meaning
Meaning of utterances in context; their unspoken or indirect…
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