How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 5"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 5"

49 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Syntax
Descriptive syntax or descriptive gram…
Prescriptive syntax or prescriptive gr…
Transformational or generative grammar
a level of grammar that specifically refers to the arrangemen…
refers to the mostly subconscious rules of a language that on…
refers to the concept that there is a correct and an incorrec…
a model of syntax that includes a finite set of rules that co…
Syntax
a level of grammar that specifically refers to the arrangemen…
Descriptive syntax or descriptive gram…
refers to the mostly subconscious rules of a language that on…
44 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 5
Second language
Foreign language
Behaviorism
Child directed speech or motherese or…
Language different from the native language but it is also th…
The language thaught in language schools or courses but it is…
Claims that people learn languages through imitation and rein…
Mothers or caregivers provide children with simple form of la…
Second language
Language different from the native language but it is also th…
Foreign language
The language thaught in language schools or courses but it is…
29 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Syntax
Grammar
Prescriptive grammars
Descriptive grammars
The system of rules and categories that account for phrase, c…
Fundamentally the same across languages, refers to rules of l…
What is "right". I am vs. I ain't. I say vs. I says. Informal…
There can't be "wrong" things, there are situations of L use…
Syntax
The system of rules and categories that account for phrase, c…
Grammar
Fundamentally the same across languages, refers to rules of l…
19 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
acoustic phonetics
articulatory phonetics
voiceless
voiced
The study of the physical characteristics of speech sounds.
The study of linguistic speech sounds, how they are produced
A speech sound produced with open, nonvibrating vocal cords.
A speech sound produced with vibrating vocal cords.
acoustic phonetics
The study of the physical characteristics of speech sounds.
articulatory phonetics
The study of linguistic speech sounds, how they are produced
34 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Semantics
Lexical Semantics
Compositional Semantics
Pragmatics
The study of linguistic meaning of morphemes, words, phrases,…
the subfield of semantics concerned with the meaning of words…
a theory of meaning that calculates the truth value or meanin…
the study of how context and situation affect meaning.
Semantics
The study of linguistic meaning of morphemes, words, phrases,…
Lexical Semantics
the subfield of semantics concerned with the meaning of words…
18 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
syntax
lexicon
computational system
Merge
ordering of words to form sentences
one of two components of grammars; mental store of words' mea…
one of two components of grammars; operations by which words…
one computational system; combines elements to create phrases…
syntax
ordering of words to form sentences
lexicon
one of two components of grammars; mental store of words' mea…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Actor (subject)
Adjectival Phrase
Clause
Constituent Analysis
The grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
A grammatical unit made up of an adjective and possibly an ac…
A syntactic unit that is like a minimal or reduced sentence;…
Hierarchical analysis of a syntactic construction into units
Actor (subject)
The grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
Adjectival Phrase
A grammatical unit made up of an adjective and possibly an ac…
10 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 5
Morphophonology
Morphophemics
Morphophoeme
Allomorph
The study of the sound system of word formation
The study of the various forms a morpheme can have at the und…
The underlying form of a morpheme
A surface level representation of an underlying morpheme
Morphophonology
The study of the sound system of word formation
Morphophemics
The study of the various forms a morpheme can have at the und…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
3 sentence types
syntax
clause
constituents
1. simple... 2. compound (joins 2 clauses)... 3. complex (subordina…
part of grammar that governs the organization of words in phr…
simple sentence, contains a verb and at least another express…
organized groups of words... ex: vp, np, pp, and clause
3 sentence types
1. simple... 2. compound (joins 2 clauses)... 3. complex (subordina…
syntax
part of grammar that governs the organization of words in phr…
20 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 5
Types of Speech Sounds
Acoustic Sounds
Articulatory Sounds
The Vocal Tract
1. Acoustic... 2. Articulatory
- the properties of vowels are described in terms of principa…
- descriptions of sounds on the basis of the way they are pro…
air issues from the lungs, passes through the vocal cords and…
Types of Speech Sounds
1. Acoustic... 2. Articulatory
Acoustic Sounds
- the properties of vowels are described in terms of principa…
41 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
phonetics
segment
acoustic phonetics
auditory phonetics
study of speech
one sound into parts
focuses on the physical properties of sounds
how listeners percieve these sounds
phonetics
study of speech
segment
one sound into parts
23 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
politeness
Leech's general statement of what poli…
face
face wants
...
...
...
...
politeness
...
Leech's general statement of what poli…
...
Linguistics: Chapter 5 (Morphology)
Morphology
Lexicon
Onomatopoeia
Morpheme
Study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
Our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
Use of a word for which the connection between sound and mean…
Smallest unit of meaning in a word.
Morphology
Study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
Lexicon
Our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
24 terms
linguistics chapter 5 & 6
Neologism
Etymology
Borrowing
Calque
A new word.
The study of word origins.
The taking over of words from other languages.... Examples: tat…
aka "loan translation," the direct translation of a foreign w…
Neologism
A new word.
Etymology
The study of word origins.
46 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Descriptive syntax/Descriptive grammar
Prescriptive syntax/Prescriptive grammar
Sentence
Constituents
Refers to the mostly subconscious rules of a language that on…
Refers to the concept that this a correct and incorrect way t…
A string of words that is grammatically complete with at leas…
The units being combined to create larger syntactic construct…
Descriptive syntax/Descriptive grammar
Refers to the mostly subconscious rules of a language that on…
Prescriptive syntax/Prescriptive grammar
Refers to the concept that this a correct and incorrect way t…
21 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Alveolar ridge
hard palate
soft palate/velum
uvula
...
...
...
...
Alveolar ridge
...
hard palate
...
14 terms
Linguistics 233 Chapter 5
Group-exclusive
isogloss
transitional zone
Northern Cities Chain Shift
With reference to language forms or patterns, confined to one…
A line on a map indicating a boundary between the use and non…
An intermediate area existing between two established dialect…
A vowel shift or rotation in which the low back vowels are mo…
Group-exclusive
With reference to language forms or patterns, confined to one…
isogloss
A line on a map indicating a boundary between the use and non…
50 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Syntax
Descriptive Syntax / grammar
Prescriptive syntax / grammar
Transformational / generative grammar
Level of grammar that specifically refers to the arrangement…
mostly subconscious rules of a language that one uses to comb…
refers to the concept that there is a correct and an incorrec…
model of syntax that includes a finite set of rules that coul…
Syntax
Level of grammar that specifically refers to the arrangement…
Descriptive Syntax / grammar
mostly subconscious rules of a language that one uses to comb…
52 terms
Linguistics chapter 5
lexical category/form
function
syntax
countable nouns
what a word is (nouns, pronouns, verbs, etc), class of words…
what a word does (subject, object, complement, etc)
1. the systematic ways in which words are combined to create…
quantifiable, have a plural form (usually -s)
lexical category/form
what a word is (nouns, pronouns, verbs, etc), class of words…
function
what a word does (subject, object, complement, etc)
47 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5 vocab
Consonant
Vowel
Bilabial
Labiodental
produced with some restriction or closure in the vocal tract…
produced with little restriction to airflow; uses tongue and…
Sounds produced by bringing both lips together ([p], [b], [m])
Sounds produced by touching the bottom lip to the upper teeth…
Consonant
produced with some restriction or closure in the vocal tract…
Vowel
produced with little restriction to airflow; uses tongue and…
33 terms
Chapter 5: Linguistics
Phonetics
Acoustic Phonetics
Auditory Phonetics
glottis
The study of speech
focuses on the physical properties of sounds
is concerned with how listeners perceive sounds
The opening between the vocal cords
Phonetics
The study of speech
Acoustic Phonetics
focuses on the physical properties of sounds
62 terms
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 5
computational system (linguistics)
grammatical (sentence)
lexicon
recursion
the area of common interest between linguistics and computer…
a sentence that speakers judge to be a possible sentence in t…
a speaker's mental dictionary, which contains information abo…
repeated application of the same rule to create a more and mo…
computational system (linguistics)
the area of common interest between linguistics and computer…
grammatical (sentence)
a sentence that speakers judge to be a possible sentence in t…
5 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 5 Continued
IPA
Structuralist Approach
Allophones
No Minimal Pairs
International Phonetic Alphabet
- the primacy of system over unit... - language is a code, so un…
concrete phonetic realisations of phonemes ... - different ways…
if something is not a phoneme there are...... (except some onoma…
IPA
International Phonetic Alphabet
Structuralist Approach
- the primacy of system over unit... - language is a code, so un…
17 terms
Chapter 5: Linguistics
Neologisms
etymology
borrowing
loan-translation/claque
new word and different forms
origin and history of word
taking word from different language
direct translations from language
Neologisms
new word and different forms
etymology
origin and history of word
38 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5 Terms
Morphology
Lexicon
Onomoatopoeia
Morpheme
study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
use of a word for which the connection between sound and mean…
smallest unit of meaning in a word
Morphology
study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
Lexicon
our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
17 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
syntax
clause
constituents
phrase-structure expansions rule
the structure of sentences and the study of sentence structure
A constituent unit of syntax consisting of a verb with its no…
A syntactic unit that functions as part of a larger unit with…
a rule that describes the composition of constituents in unde…
syntax
the structure of sentences and the study of sentence structure
clause
A constituent unit of syntax consisting of a verb with its no…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Actor
Adjectival Phrase
clause
constituent analysis
the grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
a grammatical or syntactic unit made up of an adjective and p…
a syntactic unit that is like a minimal or reduced sentence,…
hierarical analysis of a syntactic construction into units. T…
Actor
the grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
Adjectival Phrase
a grammatical or syntactic unit made up of an adjective and p…
26 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Word
Verb
Adverb
Quantifier
an independent, phonologically coherent linguistic unit conta…
a member of a class of words which function as the grammatica…
a cover term for words that are not lexical nouns, verbs, or…
usually occur within the noun phrase where they indicate a qu…
Word
an independent, phonologically coherent linguistic unit conta…
Verb
a member of a class of words which function as the grammatica…
18 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Syntax
clause
constituents
nodes
The structure of sentences and the study of sentence structure.
A constituent unit of syntax consisting of a verb with its no…
A syntactic unit that functions as part of a larger unit with…
A point in a tree diagram from which a branch descends.
Syntax
The structure of sentences and the study of sentence structure.
clause
A constituent unit of syntax consisting of a verb with its no…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Manner of Articulation
Place of Articulation
Bilabial
Labiodental
The way the airstream is affected
point in the vocal tract where articulators obstruct outgoing…
Lips
Sound produced by making contact between the lower lip and th…
Manner of Articulation
The way the airstream is affected
Place of Articulation
point in the vocal tract where articulators obstruct outgoing…
19 terms
Linguistics terms chapter 5
Etymology
Neologism
Borrowing
Calque
The study of the origin and history of words
A new word
The process of taking words from another language (e.g sofa i…
A type of borrowing in which each element of a word is transl…
Etymology
The study of the origin and history of words
Neologism
A new word
16 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5
Lexical Catergories
Syntax
Form
Function
Parts of Speech: Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs, and Adverbs.
The systematic ways in which words are combined to create wel…
Grammatical class of a word
role of a words in a clause
Lexical Catergories
Parts of Speech: Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs, and Adverbs.
Syntax
The systematic ways in which words are combined to create wel…
34 terms
chapter 5 linguistics review
Syntax is the study of
A constituent is
The two main constituents of a sentenc…
A sentence that consists of only one s…
language units that are larger than words
a unit of a sentence
In traditional grammars: subject, predicate; in many modern g…
simple sentence
Syntax is the study of
language units that are larger than words
A constituent is
a unit of a sentence
24 terms
Introduction to Linguistics - Chapter 5 - Vocabulary Terms
syntax
clause
subcategories (of verbs)
constituents
the part of grammar that governs the organization of words in…
contains a verb, and at a minimum, any other expressions requ…
help speakers understand the kind of clause structure a verb…
organized groups of words
syntax
the part of grammar that governs the organization of words in…
clause
contains a verb, and at a minimum, any other expressions requ…
49 terms
Linguistics 5 - Chapter 5
morphology
lexicon
onomatopoeia
morpheme
the structure of words... study of the system of rules underlyin…
our mental dictionary; stores information about words and lex…
use of a word for which the connection between sound and mean…
smallest unit of meaning in a word
morphology
the structure of words... study of the system of rules underlyin…
lexicon
our mental dictionary; stores information about words and lex…
44 terms
Anth - Chapter 5 Linguistics
communication
Closed system of communication (nonhum…
call system
language
the ability to send, receive and decode meaningful messages.
Communication system in which the user cannot create new soun…
a form of communication among non-human primates composed of…
a symbolic system of sounds that, when put together according…
communication
the ability to send, receive and decode meaningful messages.
Closed system of communication (nonhum…
Communication system in which the user cannot create new soun…
18 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5: Syntax
Grammaticality Judgement
Subject
Object
Compositionally
An instance of a native speaker of some language deciding whe…
An expression, typically a NOUN PHRASE that occurs to the lef…
A NOUN PHRASE that usually occurs immediately to the right of…
The notion that the meaning of a phrasal expression is predic…
Grammaticality Judgement
An instance of a native speaker of some language deciding whe…
Subject
An expression, typically a NOUN PHRASE that occurs to the lef…
68 terms
Linguistics 325 Chapter 5
Phonetics
Acoustic phonetics
Auditory phonetics
Articulatory phonetics
The study of speech sounds
Focuses on the physical properties of sounds.
Concerned with how listeners perceive sound.
The study of how the vocal tract produces the sounds of langu…
Phonetics
The study of speech sounds
Acoustic phonetics
Focuses on the physical properties of sounds.
14 terms
Linguistics 1020 Chapter 5
power
distance
cost of imposition
politeness
how much authority one person has over another
how close you are to a person
how serious a face-threatening act is
the actions taken by competent speakers in a community in ord…
power
how much authority one person has over another
distance
how close you are to a person
21 terms
Chapter 5 (linguistics)
sex
gender
sexism
insult terms
biologically based
cultural construct
particularly discrimination against women/ concern with power…
body parts, sexual behavior, appearance, animals are activiti…
sex
biologically based
gender
cultural construct
56 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5 - Syntax
syntax
linguistic expressions
grammatical
ungrammatical
a component of mental grammar, how sentences and other phrase…
a piece of language with a certain form, meaning, and syntact…
describes a string of words that forms a sentence, the proper…
describes a string of words that does not form a sentence
syntax
a component of mental grammar, how sentences and other phrase…
linguistic expressions
a piece of language with a certain form, meaning, and syntact…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5: Syntax
Actor
Adjectival phrase (AdjP)
Clause
Constituent analysis
The grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
a grammatical or syntactic unit made up of an adjective and p…
A syntactical unit that is like a minimal or reduced sentence…
Hierarchal analysis of a syntactic construction into units. T…
Actor
The grammatical role of a noun phrase the referent of which p…
Adjectival phrase (AdjP)
a grammatical or syntactic unit made up of an adjective and p…
24 terms
Linguistics Chapter 5 Morphemes
ag~ac~ig
alt
ambul
andr
act, do, drive ... "navigate, exigent, agent"
high
walk
male, man
ag~ac~ig
act, do, drive ... "navigate, exigent, agent"
alt
high
22 terms
linguistics chapter 5 and 6
Morphemes
Free Morpheme
lexical morphemes
Functional Morphemes
the smallest unit of meaning. You can have one word that cons…
morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words. Ex: t…
set of ordinary nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. These w…
consists largely of functional words in the language such as…
Morphemes
the smallest unit of meaning. You can have one word that cons…
Free Morpheme
morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words. Ex: t…
47 terms
Chapter 5 and 6 linguistics
Morphology
Lexicon
Onomatopeic
Morphemes
Study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
Our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
use of a word for which the connection between sound and mean…
Smallest unit of meaning in a word
Morphology
Study of the system of rules underlying our knowledge of the…
Lexicon
Our mental dictionary; stores information about words and the…
Linguistics Chapter 5 and 6
phonetics
segment
acoustic phonetics
auditory phonetics
study of speech sounds
breaking down sound into parts
physical properties of sounds
how listeners perceive sounds
phonetics
study of speech sounds
segment
breaking down sound into parts
15 terms
Linguistics Midterm: Chapter 5, Morphology
Morphology: Definition
Morphology: Morphemes
Morphology: Four Points About Morphemes
Morphology: Lexical Morphemes
-The study of word formation ( morphology comes from the Gree…
-A morpheme can be loosely defined s a minimal unit having mo…
-1= they are distinct from syllables (ex.= the word "alligato…
-Lexical morphemes have a sense (meaning) in and of themselve…
Morphology: Definition
-The study of word formation ( morphology comes from the Gree…
Morphology: Morphemes
-A morpheme can be loosely defined s a minimal unit having mo…
27 terms
Linguistics Exam #2- Chapter 5
Syntax
Clause
Constituents
Nodes
part of grammar that governs the organization of words in phr…
contains a verb and, at a minimum, any other expressions requ…
a syntactic unit that functions as part of a larger unit with…
the name given to a point in a tree diagram (or tree) from wh…
Syntax
part of grammar that governs the organization of words in phr…
Clause
contains a verb and, at a minimum, any other expressions requ…
Linguistics Chapter 5 - WORD FORMATION
Neologism
Etymology
Borrowing
Loan-Translation/Calque
a new word (created under the parameters within a specific la…
the study of the origin and history of a word
source of new words in English defined by taking words from o…
source of new words in English defined by a direct translatio…
Neologism
a new word (created under the parameters within a specific la…
Etymology
the study of the origin and history of a word
24 terms
chapter five: linguistics
morpheme
syllable
word
mental lexicon
smallest unit of meaning in a word
"Mississippi" is monomorphemic but has four of syllables
a morpheme (cat) or a combination of morphemes (waspishness)…
our mental dictionary, stores information about words and the…
morpheme
smallest unit of meaning in a word
syllable
"Mississippi" is monomorphemic but has four of syllables
1 of 10