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Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "linguistics chapter 6"

9 terms
Linguistics: syntax chapter 6
Universal grammar
Constituents
Constituent hierarchy
Independent clause
The system of principles, conditions, and rolls that are prop…
Words that work together
Sentence... Clause... Phrase... Words
Group of words containing a noun phrase and verb phrase that…
Universal grammar
The system of principles, conditions, and rolls that are prop…
Constituents
Words that work together
11 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
phonemes
allophones
complementary distribution
distinctive feature
A contrastive phonological segment whose phonetic realization…
A predictable phonetic realization of a phoneme: e.g., [p] an…
The situation in which phones never occur in the same phoneti…
Phonetic properties of phonemes that account for their abilit…
phonemes
A contrastive phonological segment whose phonetic realization…
allophones
A predictable phonetic realization of a phoneme: e.g., [p] an…
12 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Bell
Cense
Cephal
Crat~crac
L/ War
L/ Judge
G/ Head
G/ Govern
Bell
L/ War
Cense
L/ Judge
29 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Componential Analysis
Compositionality
Connotation
Contextual Meaning
A semantic theory that analyzes the semantics of lexemes into…
...
A term used in semantics for the emotional associations of a…
Part of the meaning of an utterance that is not encoded by th…
Componential Analysis
A semantic theory that analyzes the semantics of lexemes into…
Compositionality
...
40 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
ambiguous
linguistic meaning
referential meaning
referent
characterizes an expression that can be interpreted in more t…
the term used to cover sense meaning and referent meaning
the meaning that an expression has by virtue of its ability t…
the real-world entity (person, object, notion, situation) ref…
ambiguous
characterizes an expression that can be interpreted in more t…
linguistic meaning
the term used to cover sense meaning and referent meaning
39 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
semantics
synonymous sentences
ambiguous
vague
the study of the systematic ways the worlds languages structu…
-paraphrase one another... -are interchangeable ... ex: you are too…
-2 possible readings and interpretations... ex: I saw her DUCK
certain details unspecified but not ambiguous... ex: she ate the…
semantics
the study of the systematic ways the worlds languages structu…
synonymous sentences
-paraphrase one another... -are interchangeable ... ex: you are too…
17 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Semantics
Lexical
Sense
Reference
studies meaning in language
studies meaning of words
mental representation/ concept
how linguistic expressions refer to the world so we can talk…
Semantics
studies meaning in language
Lexical
studies meaning of words
13 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
allomorph
minimal pairs
morphophonemic rules
phoneme
variant of a morpheme
two words with different meanings that are identical for one…
the particular phonological rules that determine the phonetic…
basic form of sound as sensed mentally
allomorph
variant of a morpheme
minimal pairs
two words with different meanings that are identical for one…
17 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
vitality
diglossia... High(H) Functions... Low(L) Fun…
ethnolinguistic vitality
high vitality
...
...
...
...
vitality
...
diglossia... High(H) Functions... Low(L) Fun…
...
12 terms
Morphology: Linguistics chapter 6
Morphology
Morphemes
Free Morphemes
Bound Morphemes
The study of forms
A minimal unit of meaning or gramatical function
Morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words, for e…
Forms that cannot normally stand along and are typically atta…
Morphology
The study of forms
Morphemes
A minimal unit of meaning or gramatical function
Linguistics Chapter 6&11
Perlocutionary act
Locutionary act
Illocutionary act
J.L Austin (1911-1960)
the effect achieved by an utterance on the hearer or speaker
the production of the sounds and words that make up an uttera…
the intended meaning of the utterance or the conventional for…
distinguished between 3 types of speech acts- illocutionary,…
Perlocutionary act
the effect achieved by an utterance on the hearer or speaker
Locutionary act
the production of the sounds and words that make up an uttera…
68 terms
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 6
meaning
semantics
synonyms
antonyms
the message or content that a sign or utterance conveys
the study of meaning in human language
words or expressions that have the same meanings in some or a…
words or phrases that are opposites with respect to some comp…
meaning
the message or content that a sign or utterance conveys
semantics
the study of meaning in human language
49 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Semantics
Pragmatics
Lexical semantics
Structural semantics
The study of the meaning of linguistics expressions, such as…
The study of the effect of context on meaning
The branch of semantics that deals with the meaning of words
The branch of semantics that deals with the meaning of uttera…
Semantics
The study of the meaning of linguistics expressions, such as…
Pragmatics
The study of the effect of context on meaning
14 terms
Linguistics 233 Chapter 6
Socioeconomic status
linguistic marketplace
social network
community of practice
Status determined on the basis of an objective set of scores…
Those aspects of the socioeconomic realm that most directly r…
The pattern of social relationships that characterizes a grou…
A group of people who come together through some shared socia…
Socioeconomic status
Status determined on the basis of an objective set of scores…
linguistic marketplace
Those aspects of the socioeconomic realm that most directly r…
31 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Noam Chomsky
Chomsky's 3 Aims for Linguistic Study
Universal Grammar
constituents
changed study of grammar from description of use to study of…
1. What constitutes knowledge of language?... 2. How is such kno…
the system of principles, conditions, and rules that are elem…
syntactic units (groups of words) that fit into larger units…
Noam Chomsky
changed study of grammar from description of use to study of…
Chomsky's 3 Aims for Linguistic Study
1. What constitutes knowledge of language?... 2. How is such kno…
23 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 6
morphological typology
synthetic language
analytic language
agglutinative language
classification of languages according to common morphological…
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
language in which syntactic relations are expressed primarily…
language whose words have several morphemes that attach to a…
morphological typology
classification of languages according to common morphological…
synthetic language
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
59 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6 Review
affricate
alveolar
articulatory descriptions
bilabial
a sound produced by a stop closure followed immediately by a…
a sound produced by raising tongue in the alveolar ridge ex.…
...
A sound articulated by bringing both lips together
affricate
a sound produced by a stop closure followed immediately by a…
alveolar
a sound produced by raising tongue in the alveolar ridge ex.…
10 terms
Chapter 6: Linguistics
Morphology
morphemes
free morpheme
lexical morpheme
study of forms
adding s, er, ed, ing changing grammatical function... -indicati…
can stand as single words
nouns, adjective, verbs, adverbs (open class words)
Morphology
study of forms
morphemes
adding s, er, ed, ing changing grammatical function... -indicati…
45 terms
chapter 6 linguistics review
Semantics is the study of
Lexical semantics is the study of
In the brain is a (answer) containing…
Some words have an actual concrete ite…
the meaning of linguistics expressions such as morphemes, wor…
the meaning of words.
lexicon or dictionary
referent
Semantics is the study of
the meaning of linguistics expressions such as morphemes, wor…
Lexical semantics is the study of
the meaning of words.
42 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Constituent
Adpositional Phrase
Sentence
Predicate
a subpart of a higher unit
a syntactical constituent headed by an adposition; includes p…
an integrated syntactic unit consisting of at least one claus…
the central structural element of a clause, typically a verb,…
Constituent
a subpart of a higher unit
Adpositional Phrase
a syntactical constituent headed by an adposition; includes p…
22 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6 Terms
Morphological Typology
Synthetic Language
Analytic Language
Agglutinative Language
classification of languages according to common morphological…
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
language in which syntactic language are expressed primarily…
language whose words have several morphemes that attach to a…
Morphological Typology
classification of languages according to common morphological…
Synthetic Language
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
25 terms
linguistics chapter 6
language contact
loan words
gap filling
prestige
typically involves bilingual speakers- influence each other,…
words taken from another language and intergrated into the ot…
where there is a perceived lexical gap and the language doesn…
they want to use a borrowed word because it somehow seems bet…
language contact
typically involves bilingual speakers- influence each other,…
loan words
words taken from another language and intergrated into the ot…
12 terms
Linguistics terms chapter 6
Morphology
Morpheme
Bound morpheme
Free morpheme
"The study of forms" the analysis of the structure of words
A minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function (e.g the wo…
A morpheme such as un- , re-, -ist,-ed, -s that cannot stand…
A morpheme that can stand by itself as a single word ( e.g ne…
Morphology
"The study of forms" the analysis of the structure of words
Morpheme
A minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function (e.g the wo…
37 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6
Bilabials
Labiodentals
Interdentals
Alveolar
Both lips come together
Bottom lips to upper teeth
Tip of the tongue between the teeth, sometimes behind the teeth
Tongue raised to the alveolar ridge
Bilabials
Both lips come together
Labiodentals
Bottom lips to upper teeth
33 terms
Introduction to Linguistics - Chapter 6 - Vocabulary Terms
semantics
linguistic semantics
ambiguous
linguistic meaning
has to do with meaning
the study of the systematic ways in which languages structure…
there are two possible readings
encompasses both sense and reference
semantics
has to do with meaning
linguistic semantics
the study of the systematic ways in which languages structure…
30 terms
Linguistics: An Introduction (Chapter 6)
reference
sense
connotation
metaphor
The relation between a linguistic unit and something that it…
The inherent meaning of a linguistic sign.
A term used in semantics in reference to emotional associatio…
Non-literal meaning in which an expression that means one thi…
reference
The relation between a linguistic unit and something that it…
sense
The inherent meaning of a linguistic sign.
17 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6: Semantics
Sense
Reference
Referent
Lexical semantics
A mental representation of an expression's meaning
A component of linguistic meaning that relates the SENSE of s…
An actual entity or individual in the word to which some expr…
A subfield of SEMANTICS that studies meanings of LEXICAL EXPR…
Sense
A mental representation of an expression's meaning
Reference
A component of linguistic meaning that relates the SENSE of s…
Linguistics Chapter 6 - MORPHOLOGY
Morphology
Morpheme
Free Morphemes
Bound Morphemes
investing/studying basic forms in language
a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function... Ex. Tourist…
morphemes that can stand on their own (new, tour)
morphemes that cannot stand alone or are typically attached t…
Morphology
investing/studying basic forms in language
Morpheme
a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function... Ex. Tourist…
36 terms
Linguistics 325 Chapter 6
Phonology
Morphophonemic
Phoneme
Allophone
The study of how speech sounds form patterns. 1) Investigates…
The particular phonological rules that determine the phonetic…
The basic form of a sound as sensed mentally rather than spok…
The perceivable sounds corresponding to the phoneme in variou…
Phonology
The study of how speech sounds form patterns. 1) Investigates…
Morphophonemic
The particular phonological rules that determine the phonetic…
23 terms
Intro to linguistics chapter 6
Ablaut
Affix
Analytic language
Assumption of composition
Vowel alternation in a verb to mark different verb forms; Ex-…
A bound morpheme that can be attached to a root to form a new…
Languages that have fewer morphemes per word are analytic, th…
The words people speak have been built from different morphem…
Ablaut
Vowel alternation in a verb to mark different verb forms; Ex-…
Affix
A bound morpheme that can be attached to a root to form a new…
47 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6 Phonetics
Phonetics
Segment
Acoustic Phonetics
Auditory Phonetics
The study of speech
Separating sound into parts
Focuses on the physical properties of sounds
Concerned with how listeners perceive these sounds
Phonetics
The study of speech
Segment
Separating sound into parts
37 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6 - Semantics
semantics
lexical semantics
compositional semantics
sense
the study of linguistic meaning and how expression conveys me…
meanings of words and other lexical expressions, including me…
meanings of phrases and how phrasal meanings are constructed…
mental representation of an expression's meaning, some kind o…
semantics
the study of linguistic meaning and how expression conveys me…
lexical semantics
meanings of words and other lexical expressions, including me…
14 terms
Chapter 6 (linguistics)
ethnicity
ethnic identity
nation/language/ethnicity
Pierre Bourdieu: cultural capitol
ascribed to minority groups
allegiance to a group-large or small, socially dominant or su…
language used to bind together (divide; colonize)
helps one gain power: language is a form of cultural capitol…
ethnicity
ascribed to minority groups
ethnic identity
allegiance to a group-large or small, socially dominant or su…
40 terms
Linguistics Exam #2- Chapter 6
Ambiguous
Referential Meaning
Referent
Linguistic Meaning
characterizes an expression that can be interpreted in more t…
the meaning that an expression has by virtue of its ability t…
the real worlds entity (person, object, notion, situation) re…
referential meaning (the real world object or concept picked…
Ambiguous
characterizes an expression that can be interpreted in more t…
Referential Meaning
the meaning that an expression has by virtue of its ability t…
80 terms
linguistics chapter 6 test
phonetics
orthography
phonetic alphabet
consonants
study of speech sounds (describes)
alphabetic spelling (inconsistent)
developed by the International Phonetic Association to symbol…
produced with some restriction or closure in the vocal tract…
phonetics
study of speech sounds (describes)
orthography
alphabetic spelling (inconsistent)
25 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 6 - Vocabulary Quiz 3
Active Sentence
Passive Sentence
Phrase Structure Rules
Subcategory
Grammatical subject is also the real world subject
Grammatical subject is also the real world object
Governs how Constituents can be structured in a given language
Smaller categories of nouns
Active Sentence
Grammatical subject is also the real world subject
Passive Sentence
Grammatical subject is also the real world object
14 terms
Linguistics Final (Chapter 6)
Stops
Fricatives
Affricates
Liquids
produced from the surge of air that happens after the lips ha…
produced when the air rubs against a restricted opening. Ex:…
when a surge of air stops and then is released through a cons…
produced from a lose restriction of airflow. Ex: l r
Stops
produced from the surge of air that happens after the lips ha…
Fricatives
produced when the air rubs against a restricted opening. Ex:…
23 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 6 - Vocabulary Quiz 1
Syntax
Co-occurence
Determiner
Article
The study of sentences & sentence structure
Other kinds of words a given type of word can occur together…
Words that clarify which noun or how many nouns are being dis…
A determiner; A or The
Syntax
The study of sentences & sentence structure
Co-occurence
Other kinds of words a given type of word can occur together…
24 terms
Linguistics - Chapter 6 - Vocabulary Quiz 2
Adjective
Predicative
Attributive
Adverb
Words that modify nouns
Adjective used after the verb and modifies a noun further away.
Adjective used near noun
"Garbage class of words"; extras. Ends in ly, y
Adjective
Words that modify nouns
Predicative
Adjective used after the verb and modifies a noun further away.
Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 6
meaning
semantics
synonyms
antonyms
the message or content that a sign or utterance conveys
the study of meaning in human language
words or expressions that have the same meanings in some or a…
words or phrases that are opposites with respect to some comp…
meaning
the message or content that a sign or utterance conveys
semantics
the study of meaning in human language
50 terms
A Concise Introduction to Linguistics, Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Semantics
Pragmatics
Lexical semantics
Structural semantics
the study of the meaning of linguistic expressions, such as m…
the study of the effect of context on meaning
the branch of semantics that deals with the meaning of words
the branch of semantics that deals with the meaning of uttera…
Semantics
the study of the meaning of linguistic expressions, such as m…
Pragmatics
the study of the effect of context on meaning
17 terms
linguistic chapter 6
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
The referent of a pronoun can change d…
Pragmatics is the study of meaning der…
metaphor.
True
true
false
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
metaphor.
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
True
22 terms
chapter six: linguistics
synthetic language
analytic language
mixed systems
agglutinative language
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
words tend to consist of free morphemes with very few affixes…
example: English; mixed between synthetic and analytic langua…
language whose words have several morphemes that attach to a…
synthetic language
language in which syntactic relations are expressed by inflec…
analytic language
words tend to consist of free morphemes with very few affixes…
12 terms
Linguistics 150 chapter 6 morphemes
Bell, belligerent
Cen, censor
Cephal, encephalitis
Crat~crac, theocratic
War
Judge
Head
Govern
Bell, belligerent
War
Cen, censor
Judge
17 terms
linguistic chapter 6
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
The referent of a pronoun can change d…
Pragmatics is the study of meaning der…
metaphor.
True
true
false
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
metaphor.
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
True
33 terms
linguistics exam 3, chapter 6
verbo copulativo
verbo distrantivo
verbo intransitivo
verbo transitivo directo
- ser, estar, parecer... - conectar el sujeto a un atributo
OD, beneficiario semántico, OI
- solo sin la ayuda de complementos... - llegar, salir, morir, v…
- cuyo significado suele ser complementado por un objeto dire…
verbo copulativo
- ser, estar, parecer... - conectar el sujeto a un atributo
verbo distrantivo
OD, beneficiario semántico, OI
17 terms
linguistic chapter 6
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
The referent of a pronoun can change d…
Pragmatics is the study of meaning der…
metaphor.
True
true
false
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
metaphor.
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
True
17 terms
linguistic chapter 6
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
The referent of a pronoun can change d…
Pragmatics is the study of meaning der…
metaphor.
True
true
false
"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,…
metaphor.
Lexical semantics is the study of the…
True
49 terms
Linguistics 150 Chapter 6 and 7 Concepts
Regular Allomorphy
What is the key to mastering Latinate…
Assimilation
Anticipatory Assimilation
variation in the morphemes that is predictable because it is…
-what sounds the letters stand for in Latin... -what rules apply…
a consonant changes its place of articulation to match that o…
-the consonant changes to match the place of articulation of…
Regular Allomorphy
variation in the morphemes that is predictable because it is…
What is the key to mastering Latinate…
-what sounds the letters stand for in Latin... -what rules apply…
77 terms
Linguistics Chapter 6 Syntax: words in combination
Syntax
functional discourse-based theory
formal theory
phrases
refers to the set of grammatical structures that allow for th…
functional approaches examine the relationship between partic…
these approaches seek to explain syntactic structures indepen…
what words combine into
Syntax
refers to the set of grammatical structures that allow for th…
functional discourse-based theory
functional approaches examine the relationship between partic…
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