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Study sets matching "linguistics phonology"

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Study sets matching "linguistics phonology"

14 terms
Linguistics: PHONOLOGY
Consonant
Diphthong
Intonation
Minimal pairs
A speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasin…
A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single s…
The pattern or melody of pitch changes in connected speech, e…
Minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular l…
Consonant
A speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasin…
Diphthong
A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single s…
22 terms
Linguistics Phonology
Phonetics
Phonology
Minimal pair
Example of minimal pair
the study of the physical aspects of sound. it focuses on how…
the study of abstract principles that govern the form and dis…
pair of words that differ in only one phonological element su…
"cat" and "hat" the first letters are different and they are…
Phonetics
the study of the physical aspects of sound. it focuses on how…
Phonology
the study of abstract principles that govern the form and dis…
14 terms
Linguistics: phonology
Phoneme
Allophone
Distribution
Contrastive distribution
a set of speech sounds that are perceived to be variants of t…
each member of a particular phoneme.
the set of phonetic environments in which a phone occurs
the two sounds occur in the same phonetic environment, and us…
Phoneme
a set of speech sounds that are perceived to be variants of t…
Allophone
each member of a particular phoneme.
106 terms
Linguistics - Phonology
Phonology
Feature... Segment ... Syllable
(Partial) Prosodic Hierarchy
contrastive segments
The subdicipline of linguistics that focuses on the patternin…
three levels of organization
Words- syllables- segments- features
Can be used to signal a change i meaning. represent two separ…
Phonology
The subdicipline of linguistics that focuses on the patternin…
Feature... Segment ... Syllable
three levels of organization
27 terms
Linguistics: Phonology
phonology
phone/phonetic unit/segment
phoneme
allophone
the study of the sound system of a language
actual speech sound
perceived unit of language
variation of a phoneme
phonology
the study of the sound system of a language
phone/phonetic unit/segment
actual speech sound
15 terms
Linguistics-Phonology
phonemes
allophones
contrastive distribution
complementary distribution
a class of speech sounds that seem to be variants of the same…
each member of a particular phoneme class (various ways a pho…
2 sounds occur in the same phonetic environment and using 1 r…
allophones of the same phoneme
phonemes
a class of speech sounds that seem to be variants of the same…
allophones
each member of a particular phoneme class (various ways a pho…
15 terms
Linguistics: Phonology
Phonology
Syllable
Segment
Feature
A system of contrast and patterns of a specific range of spee…
This usually consists of a vowel and its consonants associate…
This is an individual speech sound.
These are articulatory and acoustic categories.
Phonology
A system of contrast and patterns of a specific range of spee…
Syllable
This usually consists of a vowel and its consonants associate…
13 terms
Linguistics Phonology
Phoneme
Phonology
Allophone
Minimal pairs
A distinct sound differing from other sounds in languages.. E…
The study of the sound system of any given language: the orga…
Phonemes have subtle variants that native speakers tend to no…
A pair of words differentiated by only one feature of one sou…
Phoneme
A distinct sound differing from other sounds in languages.. E…
Phonology
The study of the sound system of any given language: the orga…
95 terms
Linguistics: Phonology
Acoustic phonetics
Articulatory phonetics
Broad transcription
Diacritics
an approach to phonetics concerned with measuring and anlyzin…
an approach to phonetics that studies the physiological mecha…
phonetic transcription that uses a relatively simple set of s…
marks added to a phonetic symbol ot alter its value in some way
Acoustic phonetics
an approach to phonetics concerned with measuring and anlyzin…
Articulatory phonetics
an approach to phonetics that studies the physiological mecha…
60 terms
Linguistics: Phonology
affricates
allophones
allophonic variation
alveolar
manner of articulation that combine stops and fricatives (ch)
surface level variations of a phoneme
the different surface level forms that a phoneme can take
sounds created by obstructing the airflow by placing the tip…
affricates
manner of articulation that combine stops and fricatives (ch)
allophones
surface level variations of a phoneme
14 terms
Linguistics- Phonology
Allophone
Phoneme
Surface form
Underlying form
variant pronunciation of a phoneme
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speakers mental dict…
[ ]
/ /
Allophone
variant pronunciation of a phoneme
Phoneme
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speakers mental dict…
36 terms
Linguistics phonology
p
b
t
d
voiceless bilabial stop obstruent
voiced bilabial stop obstruent
voiceless alveolar stop obstruent
voiced alveolar stop obstruent
p
voiceless bilabial stop obstruent
b
voiced bilabial stop obstruent
Phonology and Linguistics
Alphabetic Principle
Alphabetic Principle
Logographic
Phonology
The idea that sounds used in oral speech are represented by w…
Applies to many modern languages including English, but some…
Writing system instead of an alphabetic system example, Chinese
Is the rule system within a language by which phonemes are se…
Alphabetic Principle
The idea that sounds used in oral speech are represented by w…
Alphabetic Principle
Applies to many modern languages including English, but some…
Linguistics 101 Phonology
Phonotactics
Allophonic Variation
Sonority Order
Syllable Structure
patterns of allowable sounds and sequences in a language.
how sound changes in different contexts in a language.
vowels, approx., taps& laterals, nasals, fricatives, stops.
onset, nucleus, coda
Phonotactics
patterns of allowable sounds and sequences in a language.
Allophonic Variation
how sound changes in different contexts in a language.
9 terms
Linguistics: Phonology ch3
phonology
phonemes
allophones
minimal pairs
the study of how sounds vary and pattern in language
how sounds are stored in the mind
when two or more segments are phonetically distinct but phono…
two phonetic forms that differ by one segment, causing to hav…
phonology
the study of how sounds vary and pattern in language
phonemes
how sounds are stored in the mind
109 terms
Linguistics 110: Phonology
production
acoustics
perception
consonant
how sounds are made in the human vocal tract
the study of the waveforms by which speech is transmitted thr…
how the incoming acoustic signal is processed to detect the s…
involve some kind of constriction (or more than one constrict…
production
how sounds are made in the human vocal tract
acoustics
the study of the waveforms by which speech is transmitted thr…
12 terms
Asl Linguistics Phonology
Liddell and Johnson
Epenthesis
Deletion
Metathesis
Inventors of the Movement-Hold model
A movement is added between signs
Holds between movements are deleted
When segments of signs change places
Liddell and Johnson
Inventors of the Movement-Hold model
Epenthesis
A movement is added between signs
Linguistics: Chapter 4 (Phonology)
Phonology
Phonological Rule
Flap
Assimilation
System of rules underlying the sound patterns in a language.
Description of when a predictable variation of a particular s…
Manner of consonant articulation similar to a stop, but with…
Process of making one sound more like a neighboring one with…
Phonology
System of rules underlying the sound patterns in a language.
Phonological Rule
Description of when a predictable variation of a particular s…
19 terms
Linguistics Phonetics and Phonology
Elision
Phone
Gliding vowels
Fricatives
Not pronouncing a sound segment. Reason: more efficient. E.g.…
A physically produced speech sound. It represents one version…
Vowels which when produced move (slide) from one sound to ano…
Air stream is almost blocked. The air is pushed through this…
Elision
Not pronouncing a sound segment. Reason: more efficient. E.g.…
Phone
A physically produced speech sound. It represents one version…
9 terms
Linguistics Phonology Vocabulary
allophone
phoneme
being an allophone of a phoneme
being allophones of the same phoneme
speech sound (phone) as it is actually pronounced in the word
speech sound (phone) as it is stored in memory
[X] is an allophone of /Y/ if [X] is one of the ways that the…
[X] and [Y] are allophones of the same phoneme if there is a…
allophone
speech sound (phone) as it is actually pronounced in the word
phoneme
speech sound (phone) as it is stored in memory
23 terms
Linguistics Chapter 3: Phonology
Phonology
Phonemes
Allophones
Minimal Pairs
A system of contrasts and patterns
contrastive units based on phonetic properties
sounds that are assigned to the same phoneme
2 words that differ by only one segment, belong to separate p…
Phonology
A system of contrasts and patterns
Phonemes
contrastive units based on phonetic properties
10 terms
"Phonology" Linguistics Final
minimal pair
contrastive distribution
complementary distribution
free variation
a pair of words with different meanings that differ by only o…
two sounds occur in the same phonetic environment and using o…
allophones of the same phoneme; the occurrence of sounds in a…
two sounds that occur in overlapping environments but cause n…
minimal pair
a pair of words with different meanings that differ by only o…
contrastive distribution
two sounds occur in the same phonetic environment and using o…
89 terms
Linguistics Phonology Test
phonology
contrastive distribution
non contrastive distribution
separate phonemes are found in...
the study of cognitive organization of sounds
when sounds can occur in the exact same phonetic environment,…
they do not occur in the same position and are not used to si…
contrastive distributions
phonology
the study of cognitive organization of sounds
contrastive distribution
when sounds can occur in the exact same phonetic environment,…
47 terms
Linguistics Exam 2- Phonology
phoneme
allophone
contrastive distribution
minimal pair
basic, unpredictable, underlying form of a segment in a speak…
predictable, contextually determined pronunciation of a phone…
a minimal pair exists involving 2 segments
only one phonetic difference between 2 words
phoneme
basic, unpredictable, underlying form of a segment in a speak…
allophone
predictable, contextually determined pronunciation of a phone…
Linguistics Midterm- Phonology and Morphology
Linguistics
Language
Phonemes
Phonetics
It is the scientific study of language, how it is structured…
is a system of conventional vocal signs by means of which hum…
smallest, meaningless unit of sound in a language capable of…
sound system of language, all languages are based on 50 to 60…
Linguistics
It is the scientific study of language, how it is structured…
Language
is a system of conventional vocal signs by means of which hum…
Linguistics Ch. 4~ Phonology
Phonology
Phonetics
Phoneme
Natural Class
the description of systems and patterns of speech sounds in a…
the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
meaning-distinguishing sounds; sub one sound for another, if…
group of phonemes that have a certain feature in common (ex:…
Phonology
the description of systems and patterns of speech sounds in a…
Phonetics
the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
9 terms
Linguistics: Intro and Phonology
Prescriptive Grammar
Descriptive Grammar
Competence
Performance
Grammatical rules: what speakers should and shouldn't say ex:…
how language is actually used, how we actually talk, ex: who…
system of linguistic knowledge passed by native speakers of a…
The way a language is used in communication
Prescriptive Grammar
Grammatical rules: what speakers should and shouldn't say ex:…
Descriptive Grammar
how language is actually used, how we actually talk, ex: who…
25 terms
Linguistics - Phonetics/Phonology
Complementary distribution
Consonants
Dipthong
Phonology
the mutually exclusive pattern for allophones of the same pho…
speech sound that can function as the onset or coda of a syll…
vowel in which there is a perceptible change in quality durin…
the study of the sound systems of languages
Complementary distribution
the mutually exclusive pattern for allophones of the same pho…
Consonants
speech sound that can function as the onset or coda of a syll…
36 terms
Linguistics 100: Phonology Terminology
Phonology
Contrastive Sounds
Non-contrastive Sounds
Phoneme
study of cognitive organization of sounds
- separate phonemes... - contrastive distribution... - NOT predicta…
- allophones of same phoneme... - complementary distribution... - p…
(smallest) basic unit, underlying form of a segment in a spea…
Phonology
study of cognitive organization of sounds
Contrastive Sounds
- separate phonemes... - contrastive distribution... - NOT predicta…
30 terms
Spanish Linguistics Phonology Definitions
fonología
fonética
fonema
alófono
el estudio de los fonos y cómo están organizados y utilizados…
el estudio de los sonidos del habla- las caracteristicas físi…
la unidad mínima que puede cambiar el significado de una pala…
la realización concreta (= la pronunciación) de un fonema...[ ]
fonología
el estudio de los fonos y cómo están organizados y utilizados…
fonética
el estudio de los sonidos del habla- las caracteristicas físi…
18 terms
Intro to Linguistics: Phonology
[+consonantal, - syllabic]
[+consonantal, +syllabic]
[-consonantal, -syllabic]
[-consonantal, +syllabic]
Consonants
Syllabic Consonants
Glides
Vowels
[+consonantal, - syllabic]
Consonants
[+consonantal, +syllabic]
Syllabic Consonants
32 terms
Linguistics phonology/module 5
Phonology
Natural Classes
Assimilation
Voice assimilation
Study of how sounds systematically behave
A set of sounds that share at least one phonetic feature. Exa…
Two sounds that come to share some property because there is…
Devoicing: when approximants become voiceless after voiceless…
Phonology
Study of how sounds systematically behave
Natural Classes
A set of sounds that share at least one phonetic feature. Exa…
30 terms
Phonology Test Linguistics
definition of phonology
allomorphs
phonetic segment
phoneme segment
study of speech sounds form patterns
Variant pronunciation of a morpheme
one symbol for one sound: [t] , [th]
one symbol to represent sounds that create distinctive meanin…
definition of phonology
study of speech sounds form patterns
allomorphs
Variant pronunciation of a morpheme
18 terms
Linguistics Phonology Quiz
Bilabial
Labiodental
Interdental
Alveolar
Both the upper and lower lips
Lower lip against upper teeth
Tip of the tongue pushed between front teeth
Tongue at or near alveolar ridge
Bilabial
Both the upper and lower lips
Labiodental
Lower lip against upper teeth
41 terms
Linguistics Unit 3: Phonology
Phonology
What are the pleural endings in English?
What are minimal pairs?
Why is /z/ assumed as the base from fo…
Study of sound patterns and systems in language ... discusses t…
1) [s]... 2) [z]... 3) [Әz]
two words with only one pronunciation difference in the same…
there are fewer exceptions
Phonology
Study of sound patterns and systems in language ... discusses t…
What are the pleural endings in English?
1) [s]... 2) [z]... 3) [Әz]
30 terms
Linguistics Quiz 2- Phonology
Syllable
Phonotactic Contraints
Sonority Sequencing Principle
Foreign Accent
linguistic unit that consists of an obligatory nucleus, optio…
restrictions on the permissible syllable structures and conso…
the sonority (loudness) of a sound increases towards the syll…
detected when a speaker transfers her first language phonology
Syllable
linguistic unit that consists of an obligatory nucleus, optio…
Phonotactic Contraints
restrictions on the permissible syllable structures and conso…
13 terms
LINGUISTICS MIDTERM - /Phonology/
Phonetics
Phonology
Etic
Emic
study of speech sounds: their physical properties, the way th…
Study of the sound system: What sounds are in a language and…
study done by a cultural outsider using categories and concep…
Categories and concepts that have meaning to the people being…
Phonetics
study of speech sounds: their physical properties, the way th…
Phonology
Study of the sound system: What sounds are in a language and…
43 terms
Linguistics Exam 2: Phonology
Phonology
Contrastive Distribution: Phoneme
Contrastive: Allophone
Contrastive Distribution
study of the cognitive organization of sounds; sounds disting…
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speaker's mental dic…
contextually determined variant pronunciation of a phoneme; s…
2 segments are in contrastive distribution in a particular la…
Phonology
study of the cognitive organization of sounds; sounds disting…
Contrastive Distribution: Phoneme
basic, underlying form of a segment in a speaker's mental dic…
16 terms
Linguistics Final: Phonology
phoneme
How can we tell that two sounds are co…
allophone
Minimal pairs
contrastive phonological units... Two sounds are said to contras…
By finding minimal pairs - pairs of words that differ only in…
Two sounds are phonetically different, but NOT contrastive
pairs of words that are phonetically identical minus a single…
phoneme
contrastive phonological units... Two sounds are said to contras…
How can we tell that two sounds are co…
By finding minimal pairs - pairs of words that differ only in…
18 terms
Linguistics: Phonology Exam
Minimal pair
Allomorphs
Phoneme
Allophone
phoneme
Morpheme pronounced differently
The underlining deep structure
The actual representation of a sound... When there is a rule, yo…
Minimal pair
phoneme
Allomorphs
Morpheme pronounced differently
32 terms
linguistics exam 2 phonology
what are the three characteristics we…
what do we mean when we describe a mod…
Predictability vs choice
phonotactic restrictions
accuracy, simplicity, and generalizability
generate predictions
systems fall btwn both (continuem)... predicibility=order, ... choi…
restrictions on syllable shapes... vvv not possible in english... s…
what are the three characteristics we…
accuracy, simplicity, and generalizability
what do we mean when we describe a mod…
generate predictions
26 terms
Linguistics : Phonology Exam 2
Deletion is (child rules)
Stopping substitution is (child rules)
Gliding substitution is (child rules)
What are the early child speech rules
when a consonant is deleted at the end of a word or when befo…
when a fricative changes to a stop... - ex: <thing> to <ting>
when a liquid is changed to a glide
stopping and gliding (sub), deletion, place assimilation,voic…
Deletion is (child rules)
when a consonant is deleted at the end of a word or when befo…
Stopping substitution is (child rules)
when a fricative changes to a stop... - ex: <thing> to <ting>
60 terms
**Linguistics IV - Phonetics & Phonology**
Phonetics
Acoustic phonetics
Auditory phonetics
Articulatory phonetics
Science/Study of Speech sounds
Study of the physical properties of the sound
Study of the way listeners perceive these sounds
Study of how the vocal tract procedures the sound of language
Phonetics
Science/Study of Speech sounds
Acoustic phonetics
Study of the physical properties of the sound
75 terms
Linguistics 101 - Phonology
phonology
contrastive
non contrastive
contrastive
the study of the cognitive organization of sounds
sounds that occur in the same position in a word and are used…
sounds that do not occur in the same position in a word and a…
two segments are in _________ distribution in a particular la…
phonology
the study of the cognitive organization of sounds
contrastive
sounds that occur in the same position in a word and are used…
7 terms
Linguistics- phonology articulators
Bilabial
Labiodental
Palatal
Alveolar
Lips (p,b,m)
Bottom lip and upper front teeth (f,v)
Front of body of tongue towards hard palate
Tip of tongue and alveolar ridge (t,d,n,s,z)
Bilabial
Lips (p,b,m)
Labiodental
Bottom lip and upper front teeth (f,v)
16 terms
Linguistics - Phonetics & Phonology
phoneme
allophone
schwa
minimal pair
basic form of a sound as it is sensed mentally rather than sp…
a predictable phonetic realization of a phoneme (p & ph are a…
an unaccented vowel sound... - Schwa occurs in unaccented syllab…
two words with different meanings that are identical except f…
phoneme
basic form of a sound as it is sensed mentally rather than sp…
allophone
a predictable phonetic realization of a phoneme (p & ph are a…
22 terms
Intro Linguistics: Phonology
phonology
phonetic alphabet
glottis
larynx
the study of speech sounds
-symbolizes sounds of all languages... -ordinary letters & inven…
opening b/w vocal chords
the voice box.... -contains glottis and vocal folds
phonology
the study of speech sounds
phonetic alphabet
-symbolizes sounds of all languages... -ordinary letters & inven…
8 terms
linguistics 1010 phonology
phonology
phoneme
phones
minimal pairs
study of the speech sounds in terms of their organization int…
an abstract unit, a mental representation of a sound
concrete realizations of phonemes
words that differ from each other by just one phoneme
phonology
study of the speech sounds in terms of their organization int…
phoneme
an abstract unit, a mental representation of a sound
11 terms
Linguistics Phonetics and Phonology
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
What language is, beyond its rules. Language in actual practi…
What language should be, rules and structures.
Someones hidden/mental knowledge of a language. The ability t…
Someone actually speaking a language
Descriptive Grammar
What language is, beyond its rules. Language in actual practi…
Prescriptive grammar
What language should be, rules and structures.
41 terms
linguistics - phonetics/phonology
why study phonetics
orthographic representations (spelling of letters in words) i…
why study phonetics
orthographic representations (spelling of letters in words) i…
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