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Study sets matching "linguistics"

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Study sets matching "linguistics"

28 terms
Linguistics
The divine source
The natural sound source
Ecoing natural sounds are called
Natural cries of emotion such as pain…
God-Given-Language
Primitive words couldhavebeen imitations of the naturalsounds…
onomatopoeic words
ouch, ah , hey,
The divine source
God-Given-Language
The natural sound source
Primitive words couldhavebeen imitations of the naturalsounds…
64 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrariness
Discreteness
Displacement
Productivity
Languages select from a range of options in how they build th…
Language is built up from small segments that speakers compre…
use not bound by local stimuli and communicate beyond the pre…
users can generate an infinite # of novel sentences.
Arbitrariness
Languages select from a range of options in how they build th…
Discreteness
Language is built up from small segments that speakers compre…
21 terms
linguistics
minimal pair
sound
phoneme
linguistic competence
2 sequences of sounds that differentiate between 1 sound only…
oral unit that is manifested and part of linguistic performance
an underlying/abstract unit of linguistic competence... -smalles…
the knowledge that one has of their own native language
minimal pair
2 sequences of sounds that differentiate between 1 sound only…
sound
oral unit that is manifested and part of linguistic performance
53 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar
Arbitrary
Linguistics
description of a speakers knowledge of language
describes how someone thinks you should speak
nothing to do with how the word looks / spoken
studies the system of knowledge that every speaker of every h…
Descriptive Grammar
description of a speakers knowledge of language
Prescriptive grammar
describes how someone thinks you should speak
24 terms
Linguistics
Phonology
Phonetics
Phoneme
Minimal Pairs
ways sounds funtion within the language to create meaning...s…
physical production, aucousitic transmission & perception of…
speech sound...changing one will create new word (phoneme sub…
pair of words that differ by 1 sound
Phonology
ways sounds funtion within the language to create meaning...s…
Phonetics
physical production, aucousitic transmission & perception of…
41 terms
Linguistics- IPA
p
b
t
d
Bilabial... Voiceless... Stop
Bilabial... Voiced... Stop
Alveolar... Voiceless... Stop
Alveolar... Voiced... Stop
p
Bilabial... Voiceless... Stop
b
Bilabial... Voiced... Stop
202 terms
Linguistics
Word sets
200acronymnoun
adagenoun
...
...
...
Word sets
...
200acronymnoun
...
136 terms
Linguistics
Precursor of sth
Animosity
Dismiss
Palate
Predchudce ceho, count.
Nepratelstvi (towards sb) normalni o, count/uncount
Zavrhnout
'Paelit' patro
Precursor of sth
Predchudce ceho, count.
Animosity
Nepratelstvi (towards sb) normalni o, count/uncount
53 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar
Arbitrary
Linguistics
description of a speakers knowledge of language
describes how someone thinks you should speak
nothing to do with how the word looks / spoken
studies the system of knowledge that every speaker of every h…
Descriptive Grammar
description of a speakers knowledge of language
Prescriptive grammar
describes how someone thinks you should speak
53 terms
Linguistics
competence
Performance
Diachronic
Displacement
ccording to Chomsky in his Aspects of the theory of syntax (1…
The actual production of language as opposed to the knowledge…
Refers to language viewed over time and contrasts with synchr…
One of the key characteristics of human language which enable…
competence
ccording to Chomsky in his Aspects of the theory of syntax (1…
Performance
The actual production of language as opposed to the knowledge…
100 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Phone, phonetic unit, or segment
Phoneme
The study of speech sounds; their physical properties, the wa…
The study of the sound system of a language; what sounds are…
an actual speech sound produced by the vocal tract that is pe…
a perceived unit of language that signals difference in meani…
Phonetics
The study of speech sounds; their physical properties, the wa…
Phonology
The study of the sound system of a language; what sounds are…
147 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
General linguistics
Applied linguistics
Sociolinguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
language-related problems (ex. translations) and how people t…
Language in society, how and why, how social factors influenc…
Linguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General linguistics
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
20 terms
linguistics
implicit
concise
succinct
cogent
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doub…
Brief and straightforward
Brief, concise
convincing and well-reasoned
implicit
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doub…
concise
Brief and straightforward
9 terms
Linguistics
Pragmalinguistic Failure
sociopragmatic failure
diglossia
isoglosses
occurs when the sensible and sincere message the writer or sp…
the social conditions placed on language in use... EXAMPLE:... Ev…
when two dialects of the same language exist in the same comm…
Geographical boundary lines where different linguistic featur…
Pragmalinguistic Failure
occurs when the sensible and sincere message the writer or sp…
sociopragmatic failure
the social conditions placed on language in use... EXAMPLE:... Ev…
20 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Linguist
Phonetics
Phonology
the study of human language. Webster's dictionary: "the study…
someone who engages in the study of human language
the articulation and perception of speech sound
the pattering of speech sound
Linguistics
the study of human language. Webster's dictionary: "the study…
Linguist
someone who engages in the study of human language
39 terms
Linguistics
affordance
applied linguistics
appraisal
authenticity
The language learning opportunities that exist in a learner's…
Concerned with the application of linguistic theory to solvin…
Also called stance; the way speakers and writers use language…
Became a priority with the communicative approach. The idea o…
affordance
The language learning opportunities that exist in a learner's…
applied linguistics
Concerned with the application of linguistic theory to solvin…
91 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrary
form
mimetic
iconic
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
similar to imitating or miming
non-arbitrary relationships between from &meaning: form resem…
Arbitrary
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
form
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
52 terms
Linguistics
Pidgin
Creole
Standard American English
Mutual intelligibility
Highly simplified communicative system that arises when adult…
Full fledged language developed from a pidgin that has become…
language that follows the rules and guidelines found in gramm…
The ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
Pidgin
Highly simplified communicative system that arises when adult…
Creole
Full fledged language developed from a pidgin that has become…
19 terms
Linguistics
Define LINGUIST.
Define LINGUISTICS.
Define GRAMMAR.
What are the 3 subfields of grammar?
a person who studies one of the fields of linguistics, or a p…
the scientific study of natural language
the study of language structure
morphology, syntax, phonology
Define LINGUIST.
a person who studies one of the fields of linguistics, or a p…
Define LINGUISTICS.
the scientific study of natural language
8 terms
Linguistics
Communication
Informative signal
Communicative signal
Reflexivity
The act of conveying information, whther intentionally or not.
An unintentional of communicating information. E.g., fidgetin…
An intentional way of communicating information. E.g., 'Hello…
A unique trait of human language that enables us to think abo…
Communication
The act of conveying information, whther intentionally or not.
Informative signal
An unintentional of communicating information. E.g., fidgetin…
20 terms
linguistics
significante
significado
arbitrariedad
consonantes alveolar
es una secuencia de sonidos. arbol
es el concepto la imagen del arbol
no hay ningun lazo que une a el significante y el significado.
consonante que hace que toques la goma de tu boca
significante
es una secuencia de sonidos. arbol
significado
es el concepto la imagen del arbol
38 terms
Linguistics
morpheme
free/unbound morpheme
content words
function words
the minimal unit of language that carries meaning;... the minima…
root; morpheme occurs as a free-standing word
nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
articles, conjunctions, prepositions, pronouns
morpheme
the minimal unit of language that carries meaning;... the minima…
free/unbound morpheme
root; morpheme occurs as a free-standing word
60 terms
Linguistics
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Semantics
study of language sounds
study of word formation
study of sentence formation
study of meaning
Phonology
study of language sounds
Morphology
study of word formation
31 terms
linguistics
dimmer switch
variation
Places of articulation
bilabials
...
deliveries in different progress period
Manners of Articulation
Term used to denote sounds made with both lips e.g. m, b
dimmer switch
...
variation
deliveries in different progress period
10 terms
Linguistics
Generalizations about Language Ed from…
Cognitive Skill Development
Theories of Language Acquisition: Inte…
Similar to Bruner
--4-7 years to develop cognitive-academic language.... --Ss lear…
(from Molly) The building of learning skills: attention, memo…
Jerome Bruner: Interactions between the child and parents/car…
--Lev Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (the distance b…
Generalizations about Language Ed from…
--4-7 years to develop cognitive-academic language.... --Ss lear…
Cognitive Skill Development
(from Molly) The building of learning skills: attention, memo…
19 terms
Linguistics
concise
succinct
cogent
phonetics
adj. 简洁的,简明的;... 1. Your summary should be as clear and concise…
adj. 简明的,简洁的;... 1. a succinct explanation
adj. 强有力的,有说服力的;... 1. a cogent argument for banning the drug
n. 语音学;
concise
adj. 简洁的,简明的;... 1. Your summary should be as clear and concise…
succinct
adj. 简明的,简洁的;... 1. a succinct explanation
158 terms
Linguistics
cultural transmission
duality
arbitrariness... cultural transmission... di…
phonetics
when communication must be taught
Distinguishes structure from meaning... We can take different so…
Hockett's 7 properties of human language
the description of sounds occurring in a language
cultural transmission
when communication must be taught
duality
Distinguishes structure from meaning... We can take different so…
102 terms
Linguistics
linguistics
corpora
morphology
phonology
the scientific study of language and its structure, including…
collection of written texts, especially if the entire works o…
study of the form of words
system of sounds in a language
linguistics
the scientific study of language and its structure, including…
corpora
collection of written texts, especially if the entire works o…
11 terms
Linguistics
Phonology
phonetic
phonological errors
Morphology
Refers to what language sounds like. Are the smallest units o…
Study of sounds of the human speech.
sound structure. dissocation from meaning
Refers to its rules for word formation. Are the smallest comb…
Phonology
Refers to what language sounds like. Are the smallest units o…
phonetic
Study of sounds of the human speech.
64 terms
Linguistics
Language
Grammar
Phonetics
Phone
Primary tool for interaction
Rules of Language... Systematic facts of language use
Physical properties of speech sound
a sound
Language
Primary tool for interaction
Grammar
Rules of Language... Systematic facts of language use
19 terms
Linguistics
Vocal-auditory channel
Broadcast transmission and directional…
Rapid
Interchangeability
Spoken language produced in vocal tract; transmitted as sound
Audible sound heard in all directions but listener interprets…
Sound diminishes quickly after released
speaker has the ability to send and receive the same message
Vocal-auditory channel
Spoken language produced in vocal tract; transmitted as sound
Broadcast transmission and directional…
Audible sound heard in all directions but listener interprets…
10 terms
Linguistics
paraphasia
parlance
philology
parisyllabic(adj)
語無倫次,錯語症
談吐,言談風格;用語
語言學;文獻學
音節相等的
paraphasia
語無倫次,錯語症
parlance
談吐,言談風格;用語
85 terms
Linguistics
ʍ
θ
ð
ɹ
(w)hat
(th)ick
(th)is
(r)od
ʍ
(w)hat
θ
(th)ick
24 terms
Linguistics
generative grammar
language acquisition device
universal grammar
surface structure
Chomsky's theory that says it is an attempt to develop a smal…
a special area of the brain designed for language
innate knowledge of language
a concept in syntax: what we say or write
generative grammar
Chomsky's theory that says it is an attempt to develop a smal…
language acquisition device
a special area of the brain designed for language
13 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
phonology
phoneme
morphology
the science of language
the study of sound
a unit of sound
the study of word formation
Linguistics
the science of language
phonology
the study of sound
107 terms
Linguistics
Morphology
Semantix
Great Vowel Shift
Mental Grammar
The study of the changes in words themselves
Meaning of words
-Some vowels of Middle English moved higher in the mouth ... -To…
Set of rules about language that individuals have in their mi…
Morphology
The study of the changes in words themselves
Semantix
Meaning of words
Linguistics
Arbitrary
form
mimetic
iconic
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
similar to imitating or miming
non-arbitrary relationships between from &meaning: form resem…
Arbitrary
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
form
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
24 terms
Linguistics
Standard language
Standard American english
Resonances
Oral sounds
Most valued language form
Most highly valued language
Sound frequencies of which the sound vibrates, cavity change
Sound waves vibrate in the oral cavity
Standard language
Most valued language form
Standard American english
Most highly valued language
Linguistics
metalinguista
ludica
sistema
sistematicidad
la capacidad de reflexionar sobre la lengua misma (gramatica…
usar el lenguaje para entretenernos (poesia, jugar con el len…
conjunto de reglas o practicas que comparte un grupo en comun…
el lenguaje humano refleja un conjunto de regularidades que s…
metalinguista
la capacidad de reflexionar sobre la lengua misma (gramatica…
ludica
usar el lenguaje para entretenernos (poesia, jugar con el len…
81 terms
Linguistics
minimal pair
polysemy
phonetics
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
words that differ by only one phoneme (cat - sat)
a term used to refer to words with more than one meaning. (fo…
the study of sounds across languages - categorizes speech sou…
used to describe sounds and sound systems (sounds NOT letters…
minimal pair
words that differ by only one phoneme (cat - sat)
polysemy
a term used to refer to words with more than one meaning. (fo…
32 terms
Linguistics
Phonology
LEXICON
Iconic
PRODUCTIVITY
sub-filed of linguistics that studies way of speech sounds
Linguis6c knowledge is made up of two parts. What is the... name…
This design feature of language means that an infinite number…
Phonology
sub-filed of linguistics that studies way of speech sounds
LEXICON
Linguis6c knowledge is made up of two parts. What is the... name…
13 terms
Linguistics
Grammar
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Book of how language works
How sounds patter each other
How "word chunks" work
How sentences form
Grammar
Book of how language works
Phonology
How sounds patter each other
11 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
IPA
Vocal tract
The study of the perception and production of speech sounds a…
The study of the representation of speech sounds, and the way…
International Phonetic Alphabet: global writing system that c…
The space between the glottis and the lips
Phonetics
The study of the perception and production of speech sounds a…
Phonology
The study of the representation of speech sounds, and the way…
10 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Phone
Phonemes
It is the study of the production and perception of speech so…
it is the description of the system patterns of sounds
any sound in human language
it's the smallest and abstract unit of a speech that has a di…
Phonetics
It is the study of the production and perception of speech so…
Phonology
it is the description of the system patterns of sounds
190 terms
Linguistics
b (sound)
d (sound)
f (sound)
g (sound)
bad, dab
did, lady
find, if
give, flag
b (sound)
bad, dab
d (sound)
did, lady
52 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrariness
Iconic
Productivity
Displacement
No relationship between form and meaning-can't predict meanin…
Relationship between form and meaning-can predict meaning fro…
We come up with new words/sentences-adding "un-" to a word
We can use language to refer to things that happened at a dif…
Arbitrariness
No relationship between form and meaning-can't predict meanin…
Iconic
Relationship between form and meaning-can predict meaning fro…
240 terms
linguistics
accented
accidence
acoustic phonetics
active voice
akcentowany, wypowiadany z akcentem
fleksja (odmiana wyrazów)
fonetyka akustyczna
strona czynna (w gramatyce)
accented
akcentowany, wypowiadany z akcentem
accidence
fleksja (odmiana wyrazów)
23 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
The Theory of Universal Grammar
Language
Morpheme
The scientific study of language, how it is structures and ho…
Linguistics theorize that in language something is universal.…
Is a system of conventional vocal signs by means of which hum…
the smallest unit of meaningful sound in a language
Linguistics
The scientific study of language, how it is structures and ho…
The Theory of Universal Grammar
Linguistics theorize that in language something is universal.…
37 terms
Linguistics
La Phonétique
La phonologie
un phonème
une paire minimale
étudie l'articulation et la transcription des sons
étudie les combinaisons possibles des sons. ... sont spécifiques…
un son, une unité sonore
seulement un son qui les diffère.
La Phonétique
étudie l'articulation et la transcription des sons
La phonologie
étudie les combinaisons possibles des sons. ... sont spécifiques…
63 terms
Linguistics
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
Descriptive grammar
Prescriptive grammar
A speaker's knowledge of their language, which allows them to…
The actual language use in particular situations.
A grammar that seeks to describe human linguistic ability and…
A grammar that aims to state the linguistic facts in terms of…
Linguistic competence
A speaker's knowledge of their language, which allows them to…
Linguistic performance
The actual language use in particular situations.
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