Study sets matching "linguistics"

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Study sets matching "linguistics"

28 terms
Linguistics
The divine source
The natural sound source
Ecoing natural sounds are called
Natural cries of emotion such as pain…
God-Given-Language
Primitive words couldhavebeen imitations of the naturalsounds…
onomatopoeic words
ouch, ah , hey,
The divine source
God-Given-Language
The natural sound source
Primitive words couldhavebeen imitations of the naturalsounds…
64 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrariness
Discreteness
Displacement
Productivity
Languages select from a range of options in how they build th…
Language is built up from small segments that speakers compre…
use not bound by local stimuli and communicate beyond the pre…
users can generate an infinite # of novel sentences.
Arbitrariness
Languages select from a range of options in how they build th…
Discreteness
Language is built up from small segments that speakers compre…
21 terms
linguistics
minimal pair
sound
phoneme
linguistic competence
2 sequences of sounds that differentiate between 1 sound only…
oral unit that is manifested and part of linguistic performance
an underlying/abstract unit of linguistic competence... -smalles…
the knowledge that one has of their own native language
minimal pair
2 sequences of sounds that differentiate between 1 sound only…
sound
oral unit that is manifested and part of linguistic performance
53 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar
Arbitrary
Linguistics
description of a speakers knowledge of language
describes how someone thinks you should speak
nothing to do with how the word looks / spoken
studies the system of knowledge that every speaker of every h…
Descriptive Grammar
description of a speakers knowledge of language
Prescriptive grammar
describes how someone thinks you should speak
41 terms
Linguistics- IPA
p
b
t
d
Bilabial... Voiceless... Stop
Bilabial... Voiced... Stop
Alveolar... Voiceless... Stop
Alveolar... Voiced... Stop
p
Bilabial... Voiceless... Stop
b
Bilabial... Voiced... Stop
91 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrary
form
mimetic
iconic
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
similar to imitating or miming
non-arbitrary relationships between from &meaning: form resem…
Arbitrary
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
form
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
202 terms
Linguistics
Word sets
200acronymnoun
adagenoun
...
...
...
Word sets
...
200acronymnoun
...
24 terms
Linguistics
Phonology
Phonetics
Phoneme
Minimal Pairs
ways sounds funtion within the language to create meaning...s…
physical production, aucousitic transmission & perception of…
speech sound...changing one will create new word (phoneme sub…
pair of words that differ by 1 sound
Phonology
ways sounds funtion within the language to create meaning...s…
Phonetics
physical production, aucousitic transmission & perception of…
Linguistics
competence
Performance
Diachronic
Displacement
ccording to Chomsky in his Aspects of the theory of syntax (1…
The actual production of language as opposed to the knowledge…
Refers to language viewed over time and contrasts with synchr…
One of the key characteristics of human language which enable…
competence
ccording to Chomsky in his Aspects of the theory of syntax (1…
Performance
The actual production of language as opposed to the knowledge…
52 terms
Linguistics
Pidgin
Creole
Standard American English
Mutual intelligibility
Highly simplified communicative system that arises when adult…
Full fledged language developed from a pidgin that has become…
language that follows the rules and guidelines found in gramm…
The ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
Pidgin
Highly simplified communicative system that arises when adult…
Creole
Full fledged language developed from a pidgin that has become…
100 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Phone, phonetic unit, or segment
Phoneme
The study of speech sounds; their physical properties, the wa…
The study of the sound system of a language; what sounds are…
an actual speech sound produced by the vocal tract that is pe…
a perceived unit of language that signals difference in meani…
Phonetics
The study of speech sounds; their physical properties, the wa…
Phonology
The study of the sound system of a language; what sounds are…
20 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Linguist
Phonetics
Phonology
the study of human language. Webster's dictionary: "the study…
someone who engages in the study of human language
the articulation and perception of speech sound
the pattering of speech sound
Linguistics
the study of human language. Webster's dictionary: "the study…
Linguist
someone who engages in the study of human language
19 terms
Linguistics
Define LINGUIST.
Define LINGUISTICS.
Define GRAMMAR.
What are the 3 subfields of grammar?
a person who studies one of the fields of linguistics, or a p…
the scientific study of natural language
the study of language structure
morphology, syntax, phonology
Define LINGUIST.
a person who studies one of the fields of linguistics, or a p…
Define LINGUISTICS.
the scientific study of natural language
9 terms
Linguistics
Pragmalinguistic Failure
sociopragmatic failure
diglossia
isoglosses
occurs when the sensible and sincere message the writer or sp…
the social conditions placed on language in use... EXAMPLE:... Ev…
when two dialects of the same language exist in the same comm…
Geographical boundary lines where different linguistic featur…
Pragmalinguistic Failure
occurs when the sensible and sincere message the writer or sp…
sociopragmatic failure
the social conditions placed on language in use... EXAMPLE:... Ev…
LINGUISTICS
LANGUAGE
SEMANTICS
PHONETICS
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communic…
is the study of meaning
is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the so…
is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze writt…
LANGUAGE
is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communic…
SEMANTICS
is the study of meaning
Linguistics
Linguistics
The Theory of Universal Grammar
Language
Morpheme
The scientific study of language, how it is structures and ho…
Linguistics theorize that in language something is universal.…
Is a system of conventional vocal signs by means of which hum…
the smallest unit of meaningful sound in a language
Linguistics
The scientific study of language, how it is structures and ho…
The Theory of Universal Grammar
Linguistics theorize that in language something is universal.…
13 terms
Linguistics
Grammar
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Book of how language works
How sounds patter each other
How "word chunks" work
How sentences form
Grammar
Book of how language works
Phonology
How sounds patter each other
Linguistics
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
Descriptive grammar
Prescriptive grammar
A speaker's knowledge of their language, which allows them to…
The actual language use in particular situations.
A grammar that seeks to describe human linguistic ability and…
A grammar that aims to state the linguistic facts in terms of…
Linguistic competence
A speaker's knowledge of their language, which allows them to…
Linguistic performance
The actual language use in particular situations.
53 terms
Linguistics
descriptive grammar
prescriptive grammar
arbitrary
linguistics
description of a speakers knowledge of language
describes how someone thinks you should speak
nothing to do with how the word looks / spoken
studies the system of knowledge that every speaker of every h…
descriptive grammar
description of a speakers knowledge of language
prescriptive grammar
describes how someone thinks you should speak
5 terms
Linguistics
accent
adjective
adverb
affix
A particular way in which a group of people collectively pron…
The part of speech which includes words like big and beautiful.
The part of speech which includes words like soon and slowly.
A grammatical element which cannot form a word by itself. Aff…
accent
A particular way in which a group of people collectively pron…
adjective
The part of speech which includes words like big and beautiful.
15 terms
linguistics
constituency tests (substitution, move…
x' schema rules:
complement
specifier
a constituent (a syntactic unit) can be either replaced by a…
1) all phrases have 3 levels (xp, x', x) 2) all phrases conta…
...
...
constituency tests (substitution, move…
a constituent (a syntactic unit) can be either replaced by a…
x' schema rules:
1) all phrases have 3 levels (xp, x', x) 2) all phrases conta…
30 terms
Linguistics
Intersections of Language and the Law
voice identification
author idenitification
discourse analysis
Forensic Stylistics/ Legal Writing/ Forensic Linguistics/ Lan…
to determine whether the voice on a threatening audio recordi…
to determine who wrote a particular text by comparing it to k…
to determine if a participant in a conversation introduced a…
Intersections of Language and the Law
Forensic Stylistics/ Legal Writing/ Forensic Linguistics/ Lan…
voice identification
to determine whether the voice on a threatening audio recordi…
14 terms
Linguistics
morpheme... واژک
Morphology: How are words formed?... ری…
The purposes of studying morphology
Lexicology... واژه شناسی
is the smallest grammatical unit in a language. In other word…
is the identification, analysis, and description of the struc…
The internal structure of words and the segmentation into dif…
is the part of linguistics which studies words.
morpheme... واژک
is the smallest grammatical unit in a language. In other word…
Morphology: How are words formed?... ری…
is the identification, analysis, and description of the struc…
Linguistics
Port
Rupt
Tract
Cept
1. To carry ... Portable ... Transport
1. To break ... Disrupt ... Eruption
1. To pull... Traction ... Retractable
1. To take or receive ... Interception ... Perception
Port
1. To carry ... Portable ... Transport
Rupt
1. To break ... Disrupt ... Eruption
53 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar
Arbitrary
Linguistics
description of a speakers knowledge of language
describes how someone thinks you should speak
nothing to do with how the word looks / spoken
studies the system of knowledge that every speaker of every h…
Descriptive Grammar
description of a speakers knowledge of language
Prescriptive grammar
describes how someone thinks you should speak
49 terms
linguistics
phonetics
phonology
morphology
syntax
study of speech sound
how sounds pattern in language and are organized in brain
structure of words
structure of sentences
phonetics
study of speech sound
phonology
how sounds pattern in language and are organized in brain
136 terms
Linguistics
Precursor of sth
Animosity
Dismiss
Palate
Predchudce ceho, count.
Nepratelstvi (towards sb) normalni o, count/uncount
Zavrhnout
'Paelit' patro
Precursor of sth
Predchudce ceho, count.
Animosity
Nepratelstvi (towards sb) normalni o, count/uncount
52 terms
Linguistics
Gainsay
Cajole
Otiose
Scraggy
To deny dispute or contradict
To persuade someone to do something by sustained coaxing and…
Being at leisure, idol or indolent
Being lean and long
Gainsay
To deny dispute or contradict
Cajole
To persuade someone to do something by sustained coaxing and…
17 terms
Linguistics
Albatross
Eristic
Plutocracy
Flavescent
A seemingly inescapable moral or emotional burden or guilt
Controversial
Government ruled by the wealthy
in the act of turning yellow, yellowish
Albatross
A seemingly inescapable moral or emotional burden or guilt
Eristic
Controversial
Linguistics
morphologically
syntactically
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
how to change and organize small details of language to make…
the bigger picture of how you put a sentence together
hidden knowledge about language that speakers rarely recogniz…
the application of your linguistic competence to produce an u…
morphologically
how to change and organize small details of language to make…
syntactically
the bigger picture of how you put a sentence together
Linguistics
Noun
Common noun
Proper noun
Human noun
A word that names something
A name of a thing
A name of person or place
A human related noun
Noun
A word that names something
Common noun
A name of a thing
linguistics
implicit
concise
succinct
cogent
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doub…
Brief and straightforward
Brief, concise
convincing and well-reasoned
implicit
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doub…
concise
Brief and straightforward
44 terms
Linguistics
[z]
[t]
[p]
[k]
Voiced Alveolar Fricative
Voiceless Alveolar Stop
Voiceless Bilabial stop
Voiceless Velar Stop
[z]
Voiced Alveolar Fricative
[t]
Voiceless Alveolar Stop
147 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
General linguistics
Applied linguistics
Sociolinguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
language-related problems (ex. translations) and how people t…
Language in society, how and why, how social factors influenc…
Linguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General linguistics
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
Linguistics
Language is composed of
Language channel means
Language subsystem means
Language content means
channels, subsystems, mediums, functions, proficiencies, gram…
receptive and expressive
content, form, and use
semantics
Language is composed of
channels, subsystems, mediums, functions, proficiencies, gram…
Language channel means
receptive and expressive
16 terms
Linguistics
Allophones of the same phoneme
Allophones of different Phoneme
Contrastive Distribution
Non- Contrastive Distribution
sounds that are represented by the same phoneme. For example,…
sounds that are represented by different phonemes. For exampl…
For allophones of different phonemes, switching them causes m…
For allophones of the same phoneme, switching them causes no…
Allophones of the same phoneme
sounds that are represented by the same phoneme. For example,…
Allophones of different Phoneme
sounds that are represented by different phonemes. For exampl…
Linguistics
1. Phonetics and phonology
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
the study of the sounds of a language and the possible relati…
is concerned with spoken language as a whole.
is concerned with the sound patterns governing individual lan…
the study of the formation and structure of words and of thei…
1. Phonetics and phonology
the study of the sounds of a language and the possible relati…
Phonetics
is concerned with spoken language as a whole.
97 terms
Linguistics
Linguistic Competence
Linguistic performance
Phonetics
Phonology
A speaker's implicit, internalized knowledge of the rules of…
refers to a speakers production of linguistic unit... acts as a…
Studies sounds of speech--> How they're made and what they so…
How do speech sounds pattern together... e.g. could kton be a w…
Linguistic Competence
A speaker's implicit, internalized knowledge of the rules of…
Linguistic performance
refers to a speakers production of linguistic unit... acts as a…
19 terms
linguistics
^
ɑ
æ
ə
cup, luck, but, tough, another, oven, fungus
arm, father, pot, sergeant, honor, hospital, bomb
cat, black
away, cinema, among, Asia, enough, famous, harmony
^
cup, luck, but, tough, another, oven, fungus
ɑ
arm, father, pot, sergeant, honor, hospital, bomb
Linguistics
Catenative
How many children are within the norma…
What percentage of children is one sta…
Each side of the bell curve represents…
words that are reduced in child's language (ex: gonna)
68% of children
34% of children
50%
Catenative
words that are reduced in child's language (ex: gonna)
How many children are within the norma…
68% of children
33 terms
Linguistics
v
f
w
˚w
voiced labiodental fricative
voiceless labiodental fricative
voiced bilabial glide
voiceless bilabial glide
v
voiced labiodental fricative
f
voiceless labiodental fricative
linguistics
native speakers can do what ?
whats an example of unlimited of utter…
Much of native speakers' knowledge... is…
what is linguistic competence?
Can produce and understand an... unlimited number of utterances…
She bought a house.... She bought a new house.... She recently bo…
false :Much of native speakers' knowledge... is "subconscious"
The "hidden" knowledge you have... about your native language
native speakers can do what ?
Can produce and understand an... unlimited number of utterances…
whats an example of unlimited of utter…
She bought a house.... She bought a new house.... She recently bo…
14 terms
Linguistics
distinctive features
minimal pairs
non-distinctive features
speech sounds stored in LTM
features that help distinguish between sounds... In English: voi…
pair of words identical except for one sound
do not yield minimal pairs, ... vary from language to language,…
Chomsky and Halle: only necessary store unpredictable feature…
distinctive features
features that help distinguish between sounds... In English: voi…
minimal pairs
pair of words identical except for one sound
75 terms
Linguistics
Linguist
General principles of linguistics
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
The task is to tease apart the patterns of various aspects of…
-Language varies systematically from person to person, region…
-What the linguists are interested in... -What we know when we k…
-The way an individual produces and comprehends a language... -O…
Linguist
The task is to tease apart the patterns of various aspects of…
General principles of linguistics
-Language varies systematically from person to person, region…
5 terms
Linguistics
Duality of Patterning
Cultural Transmission
Stimulus freedom (open-endedness)
Displacement
one sound does not only have one meeting (/ki/ or /ti/)
-child exposure- learn the language as they grow... -not genetic
is the ability to use language to say anything at all, even i…
talking about something that isn't present at the time,... -ex:…
Duality of Patterning
one sound does not only have one meeting (/ki/ or /ti/)
Cultural Transmission
-child exposure- learn the language as they grow... -not genetic
46 terms
Linguistics
Linguistic Representation
General Theory of Learning
Theory
Demonstration
A representation is an explicit linguistic statement, descrip…
The general theory of learning states that there are three ba…
...
...
Linguistic Representation
A representation is an explicit linguistic statement, descrip…
General Theory of Learning
The general theory of learning states that there are three ba…
35 terms
Linguistics
Hockett: Design Features
Animal Models for SADDPD
Language Development
Phonetics
SADDPD
monkey, bees, songbirds, chimps
BOTM
sound: PTP
Hockett: Design Features
SADDPD
Animal Models for SADDPD
monkey, bees, songbirds, chimps
Linguistics
Syntactic Category
Phrase Structure Rules
Constituent structure
Syntax
(Grammatical category): Parts of speech; Expressions can be g…
Principles of grammar that specify the constituency of syntac…
A syntactic unit in a phrase structure tree. (NP)
The rules of sentence formation. the component of the mental…
Syntactic Category
(Grammatical category): Parts of speech; Expressions can be g…
Phrase Structure Rules
Principles of grammar that specify the constituency of syntac…
11 terms
linguistics
linguistics
phonetics
phonology
morphology
the study of the nature, structure, and variation of language…
the branch of linguistics that deals with the sounds of speec…
the study of speech sounds in language or a language with ref…
the study of the structure and form of words in language or a…
linguistics
the study of the nature, structure, and variation of language…
phonetics
the branch of linguistics that deals with the sounds of speec…
91 terms
Linguistics
Arbitrary
form
mimetic
iconic
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
similar to imitating or miming
non-arbitrary relationships between from &meaning: form resem…
Arbitrary
having no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a…
form
phonological representation of a morpheme or word
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