Study sets matching "linguistics"

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Study sets matching "linguistics"

Linguistics
Generalizations about Language Ed from…
Cognitive Skill Development
Theories of Language Acquisition: Inte…
Similar to Bruner
--4-7 years to develop cognitive-academic language.... --Ss lear…
(from Molly) The building of learning skills: attention, memo…
Jerome Bruner: Interactions between the child and parents/car…
--Lev Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (the distance b…
Generalizations about Language Ed from…
--4-7 years to develop cognitive-academic language.... --Ss lear…
Cognitive Skill Development
(from Molly) The building of learning skills: attention, memo…
Linguistics
linguistics
linguist
linguistic structure
the functional nature of language
the scientific study of language
a person who examines the structures of languages and the pri…
...
...
linguistics
the scientific study of language
linguist
a person who examines the structures of languages and the pri…
linguistics
entailment
intersective adjective
linguistic variable
independent variable
when the truth of one sentence guarantees the truth of anothe…
Just because one thing is true doesn't mean it is always true…
something that differs between different groups of speakers
the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific ex…
entailment
when the truth of one sentence guarantees the truth of anothe…
intersective adjective
Just because one thing is true doesn't mean it is always true…
Linguistics
linguistics
Phonology
Phonetics
Morphology
the scientific study of language
the study of how sounds pattern in a language
The study of the sound of human language
the study of rules of word formation; helps you decode the la…
linguistics
the scientific study of language
Phonology
the study of how sounds pattern in a language
Linguistics
Language
Grammar
Phonetics
Phone
Primary tool for interaction
Rules of Language... Systematic facts of language use
Physical properties of speech sound
a sound
Language
Primary tool for interaction
Grammar
Rules of Language... Systematic facts of language use
37 terms
Linguistics
La Phonétique
La phonologie
un phonème
une paire minimale
étudie l'articulation et la transcription des sons
étudie les combinaisons possibles des sons. ... sont spécifiques…
un son, une unité sonore
seulement un son qui les diffère.
La Phonétique
étudie l'articulation et la transcription des sons
La phonologie
étudie les combinaisons possibles des sons. ... sont spécifiques…
Linguistics
Port-to carry
Rupt-to break
Tract-to pull
Cept-to take-to receive
Transport-portable
Disrupt-eruption
Tractor-retractable
Interception-perception
Port-to carry
Transport-portable
Rupt-to break
Disrupt-eruption
7 terms
Linguistics
Morphemes
Semantics
Phonology
Phonetics
Smallest unit of meaning in a language
Study of the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences.
Study of the systems and patterns of speech sounds in language
Study of the characteristics of speech sounds
Morphemes
Smallest unit of meaning in a language
Semantics
Study of the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences.
10 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Prescriptive linguistics
Descriptive linguistics
Dialect
The scientific study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
A local form of speaking, communicating
Linguistics
The scientific study of languages
Prescriptive linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
72 terms
Linguistics
Heuristic Device
Sociolinguistics
Communicative Competence
Verbal Repertoires
Tool to explore something
The relationship b/w language and society
Goes beyond grammar --> Speech acts/sequences
Indication of social status/identity
Heuristic Device
Tool to explore something
Sociolinguistics
The relationship b/w language and society
16 terms
Linguistics
Bilabial
Labiodental
Interdentals
Alveolar
Both lips together closed (p, b, m, w, wh)
Lower lip against upper front teeth (f, v)
Tip of tongue protruding between front teeth (theta th, thy)
Tip of tongue near alveolar ridge (t, d, s, z, n, l, r red)
Bilabial
Both lips together closed (p, b, m, w, wh)
Labiodental
Lower lip against upper front teeth (f, v)
240 terms
linguistics
accented
accidence
acoustic phonetics
active voice
akcentowany, wypowiadany z akcentem
fleksja (odmiana wyrazów)
fonetyka akustyczna
strona czynna (w gramatyce)
accented
akcentowany, wypowiadany z akcentem
accidence
fleksja (odmiana wyrazów)
11 terms
Linguistics
Prescriptive
Descriptive
Displacement
Reflexivity
should
The goal of linguistics is to describe (and explain) how peop…
Language users can talk about things that are remote in time…
Language can be used to talk and think about language
Prescriptive
should
Descriptive
The goal of linguistics is to describe (and explain) how peop…
35 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Study of speech sounds
Study of the meanings of sounds
Study of the minimal units of sound that carry meaning (phone…
Rules governing relationships among words (lexemes)
Phonetics
Study of speech sounds
Phonology
Study of the meanings of sounds
134 terms
Linguistics
Natural language
Invented language
What do natural languages have in comm…
Esperanto
Languages that have developed on their own throughout the cou…
hose which were consciously designed by some person or person…
Natural language is used to communicate ideas, or express com…
was invented for primarily this purpose: a "neutral" global l…
Natural language
Languages that have developed on their own throughout the cou…
Invented language
hose which were consciously designed by some person or person…
Linguistics
Port
Rupt
Tract
Cept
To carry
To break
To pull
To take to receive
Port
To carry
Rupt
To break
Linguistics
oxytone
paroxytone
proparoxytone
ultima
a word with the stress on the last syllable; "correct" and "r…
a word with the stress on the penultimate syllable; "potato"
a word with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable; cinem…
...
oxytone
a word with the stress on the last syllable; "correct" and "r…
paroxytone
a word with the stress on the penultimate syllable; "potato"
53 terms
linguistics
Intransitive verbs
Transitive verbs
optionally transitive
ditransitive verb
do not require any arguments. (e.g., sleep, explode, vegetate)
require an argument. (e.g., like, devour, destroy)
meaning they can but do not have to take an argument. (e.g.,…
Verbs that require a two arguments are
Intransitive verbs
do not require any arguments. (e.g., sleep, explode, vegetate)
Transitive verbs
require an argument. (e.g., like, devour, destroy)
linguistics
human language
non human language
linguistic competence
phonetics
creative/productive, infinite amount of sentences, finite amo…
communication, refrential, invariant, external/internal stimu…
knowledge of words and grammar
sound
human language
creative/productive, infinite amount of sentences, finite amo…
non human language
communication, refrential, invariant, external/internal stimu…
80 terms
Linguistics
/p/
/b/
/t/
/d/
pat, zipper, cap
bat, fibber, cab
tab, catty, cat
dab, caddy, cad
/p/
pat, zipper, cap
/b/
bat, fibber, cab
44 terms
Linguistics
semantics
synonym
antonym
homonym
meaning/interpretations in human lang
same meaning diff word
opposites
sound the same/have the same spelling no related meanings
semantics
meaning/interpretations in human lang
synonym
same meaning diff word
Linguistics
Linguistics
Etymology
Lexicon
Referent
The study of human speech including the units, nature, struct…
The history of a word
The collection of words used by a group, by an individual, or…
The actual thing or concept a word refers to.
Linguistics
The study of human speech including the units, nature, struct…
Etymology
The history of a word
87 terms
Linguistics
bilabial
labiodental
interdentals
alveolar
made by bringing both lips closer together (place of articula…
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth (place…
made with the tip of the tongue protruding between the front…
made with the tongue tip at or near the small ridge that prot…
bilabial
made by bringing both lips closer together (place of articula…
labiodental
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth (place…
17 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Historical Linguistics
Linguistic divergence
Language Loss
mechanics and patterning of a language; sounds used in a lang…
study of long term linguistic change
development of different languages from a single ancestral la…
when languages disappear, so does cultural diversity
Descriptive Linguistics
mechanics and patterning of a language; sounds used in a lang…
Historical Linguistics
study of long term linguistic change
33 terms
Linguistics
langauge faculty
comprehension
production
phoneme
a way of referring to all of the cognitive abilities that giv…
the language faculty turns speech sounds into complex meanings
the language faculty turns complex meanings into motor comman…
the smallest segment of speech that leads to a meaningful dif…
langauge faculty
a way of referring to all of the cognitive abilities that giv…
comprehension
the language faculty turns speech sounds into complex meanings
11 terms
Linguistics
Ahor sub-fields of linguistics
Define language
Communicative signals
Informative signals
Sounds (phonetics), words (morohology), sentences (syntax), m…
System of communication used by a particular nation of people…
Behaviours used intentionally to provide information
Behaviour that provides information intentionally
Ahor sub-fields of linguistics
Sounds (phonetics), words (morohology), sentences (syntax), m…
Define language
System of communication used by a particular nation of people…
Linguistics
Language
Communication
Speech
Language
Is the systematic and conventional use of sounds(or signs, or…
Is the primary function of language. ... The exchange of inform…
Verbal means of communicating. ... Consists of voice, articulat…
Socially shared rules. Consists of words and their meanings,…
Language
Is the systematic and conventional use of sounds(or signs, or…
Communication
Is the primary function of language. ... The exchange of inform…
26 terms
linguistics
voicing, place, manner
sound:syllable
voiced
maximal onset principle
segmental feature description order
The IPA ensures a 1:1 ratio of this
all vowels are _______
this states that the onset is more important than the coda
voicing, place, manner
segmental feature description order
sound:syllable
The IPA ensures a 1:1 ratio of this
Linguistics
Coordinate-independent systems
compound-fused system
subordinate-one system accessed throug…
Semantics and the lexis (lexicon)
Extreme: has learned languages in different contexts, cannot…
Most simultaneous bilingualism in childhood
results from learning L2 through L1 (grammar translation appr…
Meaning of morphemes, words, phrases and sentences
Coordinate-independent systems
Extreme: has learned languages in different contexts, cannot…
compound-fused system
Most simultaneous bilingualism in childhood
8 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Perspective Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Dialect
The scientific study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
A local form of speaking, communicating
Linguistics
The scientific study of languages
Perspective Linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
7 terms
Linguistics
symbolism
arbitrariness
onomatopoeia
productivity
sign/shape/figure that is recognizable to represent an idea…
when a words meaning sounds verbally different but means the…
the word sound similar and are the same... -ex. boom, crash
language can be used to produce an infinite set of new and me…
symbolism
sign/shape/figure that is recognizable to represent an idea…
arbitrariness
when a words meaning sounds verbally different but means the…
15 terms
Linguistics
allograph
graphemes
orthography
digraphs
Different letter sequences or patterns that represent the sam…
Printed Letters:... One letter often represents more than one sp…
Printed Letters (written) ... One letter often represents more t…
pairs of letters representing one sound: "[sh]oe," "st[ea]k,"…
allograph
Different letter sequences or patterns that represent the sam…
graphemes
Printed Letters:... One letter often represents more than one sp…
16 terms
Linguistics
Neurolinguistics
Paul Brocca
Brocca's area
Wernicke's area
The study of language in the brain
1860 discovered there was a section in the brain in charge of…
Area in charge of language
Area in charge of language comprehension. Carl Wernicke
Neurolinguistics
The study of language in the brain
Paul Brocca
1860 discovered there was a section in the brain in charge of…
12 terms
Linguistics
good
better
best
bad
bonus
melior
optimus
malus
good
bonus
better
melior
Linguistics
Gender
Case
Agreement
Tense
Indicates subclass
Indicates grammatical role
Matches inflectional properties
Gives info about time of event relative to speaking
Gender
Indicates subclass
Case
Indicates grammatical role
8 terms
Linguistics
linguistics
phonetics
phonology
morphology
the scientific study of language, including phonetics, phonol…
the study of the physical properties of speech sound producti…
the study of sounds as abstract elements in the speaker's min…
the study of morphemes, or then internal structures of words…
linguistics
the scientific study of language, including phonetics, phonol…
phonetics
the study of the physical properties of speech sound producti…
48 terms
Linguistics
anthrop
bi
cac
chrom
human
life
bad
color
anthrop
human
bi
life
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Morpheme
the production and perception of speech sounds as physical en…
the sound patterns (the sound system of a particular language…
the word structure and of systematic relations between words.
the building-blocks of words, the smallest linguistic unit wh…
Phonetics
the production and perception of speech sounds as physical en…
Phonology
the sound patterns (the sound system of a particular language…
Linguistics
Prescriptive
Descriptive
Mental Grammar
Competence
The socially embedded notion of the "correct" or "proper" tel…
Linguistics description of the rules of language as it is spo…
What we are trying to describe with our descriptive grammar... N…
What you know
Prescriptive
The socially embedded notion of the "correct" or "proper" tel…
Descriptive
Linguistics description of the rules of language as it is spo…
51 terms
linguistics
linguistics
speech organs
lungs fuction
vocal cords function
study of how language works (how it is used, acquired, change…
lungs, larynx, tongue, lips, teeth, sold palate, nasal passag…
exchange CO2 and oxygen ... supply air for speech
create seal over passage to lungs... produce vibrations for spe…
linguistics
study of how language works (how it is used, acquired, change…
speech organs
lungs, larynx, tongue, lips, teeth, sold palate, nasal passag…
64 terms
Linguistics
cardinal vowels
articulatory phonetics
free morpheme
conversion with zero derivation
realization of vowels (position)
discipline about sounds created in mouth
HAPPIness (morpheme)
BOTTLE/TO CARPET (word formation)
cardinal vowels
realization of vowels (position)
articulatory phonetics
discipline about sounds created in mouth
Linguistics
Linguistics
Prescriptive Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Accent reduction
The scientific study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
Certain letter sounds in a word take on a new sound depending…
Linguistics
The scientific study of languages
Prescriptive Linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
9 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Prescriptive Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Dialect
Scientfic study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
Act of replacing proper words with regional slang
Local form of speaking, communicating
Linguistics
Scientfic study of languages
Prescriptive Linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
Linguistics
Bilabial, voiceless oral stop
Bilabial, voiced oral stop
Bilabial, voiced nasal stop
Bilabial, voiced glide
p
b
m
w
Bilabial, voiceless oral stop
p
Bilabial, voiced oral stop
b
Linguistics
linguistics
descriptive
dialect
accent reduction
study of spefic langusges
slang words
local way of speaking
certain letter sounds in a word, depending on the region
linguistics
study of spefic langusges
descriptive
slang words
12 terms
Linguistics
Language Families
Indo-European
Afro-Asiatic
Sino-Tibetan
Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Austronesian, Alta…
Indo-Iranian(Kurdish), Italic(Latin)[Romance(Italian)], Germa…
ancient Egyptian
Chinese
Language Families
Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Austronesian, Alta…
Indo-European
Indo-Iranian(Kurdish), Italic(Latin)[Romance(Italian)], Germa…
Linguistics
limbic system
hypothalamus
hippocampus
amygadala
Same across all human beings. Part of emotional nervous syste…
regulates autonomic nervous system (don't have to think about…
converts short term to long term memory. Tied to emotion and…
response enhancer. Animals respond to danger by running
limbic system
Same across all human beings. Part of emotional nervous syste…
hypothalamus
regulates autonomic nervous system (don't have to think about…
22 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Theoretical Linguistics
Historical Linguistics
-The scientific study of language... -Purpose is to describe the…
-Devoted to writing the grammars of languages
-Ask philosophical questions about what is universal about la…
-Traces the changes in languages
Linguistics
-The scientific study of language... -Purpose is to describe the…
Descriptive Linguistics
-Devoted to writing the grammars of languages
69 terms
Linguistics
Pyro
Ignis
Hydros
Aqua
Fire
Fire
Water
Water
Pyro
Fire
Ignis
Fire
45 terms
Linguistics
What is linguistics?
Linguistic competence
Linguistic performance
Core subfields of linguistics
The scientific study and analysis of the structure of human l…
Knowledge a speaker has about their native language including…
The observable realization of linguistic competence. Can invo…
Phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics
What is linguistics?
The scientific study and analysis of the structure of human l…
Linguistic competence
Knowledge a speaker has about their native language including…
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