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Study sets matching "linguistics"

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Study sets matching "linguistics"

30 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive Grammar
Grammar
the scientific study of the structure, sounds, and meaning of…
A linguist's model of the mental grammar, including the units…
Rules of grammar brought about by grammarians' attempts to le…
The mental representation of a speakers' linguistic competenc…
Linguistics
the scientific study of the structure, sounds, and meaning of…
Descriptive Grammar
A linguist's model of the mental grammar, including the units…
26 terms
Linguistics
Vocal organs
Alphabetic writing
Argot
Borrowed word
Larynx, tongue, lips, abdomen, teeth, soft pallet & hard pallet
A writing system that involves individual symbols that usuall…
Set of words used by a special group; not a distinct language…
Word in A given language that comes from another language
Vocal organs
Larynx, tongue, lips, abdomen, teeth, soft pallet & hard pallet
Alphabetic writing
A writing system that involves individual symbols that usuall…
11 terms
Linguistics
Prescriptive
Descriptive
Displacement
Reflexivity
should
The goal of linguistics is to describe (and explain) how peop…
Language users can talk about things that are remote in time…
Language can be used to talk and think about language
Prescriptive
should
Descriptive
The goal of linguistics is to describe (and explain) how peop…
35 terms
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Study of speech sounds
Study of the meanings of sounds
Study of the minimal units of sound that carry meaning (phone…
Rules governing relationships among words (lexemes)
Phonetics
Study of speech sounds
Phonology
Study of the meanings of sounds
80 terms
Linguistics
/p/
/b/
/t/
/d/
pat, zipper, cap
bat, fibber, cab
tab, catty, cat
dab, caddy, cad
/p/
pat, zipper, cap
/b/
bat, fibber, cab
44 terms
Linguistics
semantics
synonym
antonym
homonym
meaning/interpretations in human lang
same meaning diff word
opposites
sound the same/have the same spelling no related meanings
semantics
meaning/interpretations in human lang
synonym
same meaning diff word
65 terms
Linguistics
Communication
language
Speech
language
exchange of information, ideas, needs, and desires
systematic and conventional use of sounds for communication o…
verbal means of communicating
socially shared rules
Communication
exchange of information, ideas, needs, and desires
language
systematic and conventional use of sounds for communication o…
23 terms
linguistics
Left plosive bilabial
right plosive bilabial
right nasal bilabial
left fricative labiodental
p
b
m
f
Left plosive bilabial
p
right plosive bilabial
b
87 terms
Linguistics
bilabial
labiodental
interdentals
alveolar
made by bringing both lips closer together (place of articula…
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth (place…
made with the tip of the tongue protruding between the front…
made with the tongue tip at or near the small ridge that prot…
bilabial
made by bringing both lips closer together (place of articula…
labiodental
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth (place…
153 terms
Linguistics
Abbreviation
Initialism
Acronym
Adjective phrase
Word-Formation process used to create words by means of combi…
Un
Nato
Syntactic phrase that has an adjective as its head
Abbreviation
Word-Formation process used to create words by means of combi…
Initialism
Un
33 terms
Linguistics
langauge faculty
comprehension
production
phoneme
a way of referring to all of the cognitive abilities that giv…
the language faculty turns speech sounds into complex meanings
the language faculty turns complex meanings into motor comman…
the smallest segment of speech that leads to a meaningful dif…
langauge faculty
a way of referring to all of the cognitive abilities that giv…
comprehension
the language faculty turns speech sounds into complex meanings
26 terms
linguistics
voicing, place, manner
sound:syllable
voiced
maximal onset principle
segmental feature description order
The IPA ensures a 1:1 ratio of this
all vowels are _______
this states that the onset is more important than the coda
voicing, place, manner
segmental feature description order
sound:syllable
The IPA ensures a 1:1 ratio of this
8 terms
Linguistics
linguistics
phonetics
phonology
morphology
the scientific study of language, including phonetics, phonol…
the study of the physical properties of speech sound producti…
the study of sounds as abstract elements in the speaker's min…
the study of morphemes, or then internal structures of words…
linguistics
the scientific study of language, including phonetics, phonol…
phonetics
the study of the physical properties of speech sound producti…
65 terms
Linguistics
Historical linguistics
Philology
Proto-Indian-European
Cognate
Study of the historical development of the language, regular…
The historical study of language
Original form of language that was the source for what we hav…
When 2 words in different languages have similar form and mea…
Historical linguistics
Study of the historical development of the language, regular…
Philology
The historical study of language
252 terms
Linguistics
hyponasality
hypernasality
egressive
ingressive
when nose is blocked, nasals become stops
when air leaks into nasal cavity (tonsils removed in kids)
air moves outwards... pulmonic: English sounds... ejective: glottal…
air moves inwards... glottalic: implosive... velaric: clicks
hyponasality
when nose is blocked, nasals become stops
hypernasality
when air leaks into nasal cavity (tonsils removed in kids)
22 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Theoretical Linguistics
Historical Linguistics
-The scientific study of language... -Purpose is to describe the…
-Devoted to writing the grammars of languages
-Ask philosophical questions about what is universal about la…
-Traces the changes in languages
Linguistics
-The scientific study of language... -Purpose is to describe the…
Descriptive Linguistics
-Devoted to writing the grammars of languages
10 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive Grammar
Universal Grammar
Prestige Dialect
...
Follows the rule book as to how grammar should be used
...
...
Descriptive Grammar
...
Prescriptive Grammar
Follows the rule book as to how grammar should be used
34 terms
Linguistics
The speech sounds of a language
Rules about how sounds combine to form…
Rules about how words are formed
Rules about how sentences are formed
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
The speech sounds of a language
Phonetics
Rules about how sounds combine to form…
Phonology
10 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Prescriptive linguistics
Descriptive linguistics
Dialect
The scientific study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
A local form of speaking, communicating
Linguistics
The scientific study of languages
Prescriptive linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
9 terms
Linguistics
Lingustics
Prescriptive linguistics
Descriptive linguistics
Dialect
the scientific study of language
Adheres to formal or proper way of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
A local form of speaking/ communicating
Lingustics
the scientific study of language
Prescriptive linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper way of speaking
29 terms
Linguistics
Universal Grammar
Ethno-linguistics/folk linguistics
Phonetics/phonology/phoneme
Morpheme/morphology
the belief that linguistic ability is hard-wired into the bra…
The beliefs of society about language, as opposed to the scie…
The smallest unit of sound that changes a word/study of phone…
Smallest unit of meaning/study of morphemes
Universal Grammar
the belief that linguistic ability is hard-wired into the bra…
Ethno-linguistics/folk linguistics
The beliefs of society about language, as opposed to the scie…
147 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
General linguistics
Applied linguistics
Sociolinguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
language-related problems (ex. translations) and how people t…
Language in society, how and why, how social factors influenc…
Linguistics
Study of language as a system of human communication
General linguistics
General theories about human language: origin, relations with…
42 terms
linguistics
Language
speech
Human communication
3000
a system of arbitrary vocal symbols that encodes a person's e…
spoken language
the transfer of information from one person to another
how many mutually unintelligible languages are there in the w…
Language
a system of arbitrary vocal symbols that encodes a person's e…
speech
spoken language
48 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology
Morphology
The scientific study of human language; the study of how lang…
physical nature of speech, articulation and perception of spe…
sound structure of language; the patterning of speech sounds
structure of words; word formation
Linguistics
The scientific study of human language; the study of how lang…
Phonetics
physical nature of speech, articulation and perception of spe…
42 terms
Linguistics
language acquisition
language learning
semanticity
arbitrariness
natural, unconscious process of language development in human…
process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
one of hockett's design features; specific signals (words) ha…
one of hockett's design features; no logical connection betwe…
language acquisition
natural, unconscious process of language development in human…
language learning
process of gaining conscious knowledge of language through in…
10 terms
linguistics
linguistics
phonology
morphology
semantics
the study of language and the elements it takes to make up
the sounds and the process of how these sounds are formed
the unity and formation of words
the meanings of words
linguistics
the study of language and the elements it takes to make up
phonology
the sounds and the process of how these sounds are formed
30 terms
Linguistics
Language
Call Systems (animals)
Nonverbal Communication
Kinesics
is humans' primary means of communication
Limited number of sounds produced in response to specific sti…
sign language
study of communication through body movements, stances, gestu…
Language
is humans' primary means of communication
Call Systems (animals)
Limited number of sounds produced in response to specific sti…
10 terms
Linguistics
Presente de indicativo
Preterito de indicativo
Pluscuamperfecto de indicativo
presente perfecto de subjuntivo
Están
salieron
habían estudiado
hayan llegado
Presente de indicativo
Están
Preterito de indicativo
salieron
74 terms
linguistics
What is meant by rules of the chapter,…
what does it mean to think linguistica…
what fundamental variations are there…
bow wow theory
language is rule governed behavior, we share the same rules e…
language is always changing, be skeptical and have a healthy…
liason, there is no punctuation in speech, phonology (sound),…
every human imitates sounds, onomatopeia - echoed natural sou…
What is meant by rules of the chapter,…
language is rule governed behavior, we share the same rules e…
what does it mean to think linguistica…
language is always changing, be skeptical and have a healthy…
15 terms
Linguistics
mikros
autos
pathos
megas
small
self
feeling, suffering
great, large, big
mikros
small
autos
self
22 terms
Linguistics
Language
Call Systems
Kinesic
Descriptive Linguistics
Written and spoken as human primary means for communication t…
Limited number of sounds produced by primates
Communication through gestures, facial expressions, body move…
Scientific study of a spoken language
Language
Written and spoken as human primary means for communication t…
Call Systems
Limited number of sounds produced by primates
29 terms
linguistics
linguistics
acronym
borrowed word
vernacular
the study of all aspects of all languages
when the initials or certian letters of a word become a word
when a language speaking group takes on words from different…
a native language
linguistics
the study of all aspects of all languages
acronym
when the initials or certian letters of a word become a word
15 terms
Linguistics
Syntax
Dialect
Accent
International phonetic alphabetic
The study of the rules gorverning thr way words and and morph…
Describes both a persons accent and tr grammatical featured o…
The way that particular person or group of people sound. Its…
A system divised to provide a seperate, distinct symbol for e…
Syntax
The study of the rules gorverning thr way words and and morph…
Dialect
Describes both a persons accent and tr grammatical featured o…
26 terms
Linguistics
cooing
babbling
one word
two word
can adapt to any language, 0-6 months old
6-8 months, say things such as ba-ba, ma-ma, recognizable inn…
12-18 months, produce a variety of recognizable single word u…
18-20 months, most are noun adjective, variety of two word co…
cooing
can adapt to any language, 0-6 months old
babbling
6-8 months, say things such as ba-ba, ma-ma, recognizable inn…
249 terms
Linguistics
ago-agere-actum
audio-audire-auditum
capio-capere-captum
cedo-cedere-cessum
do, drive
hear
take
go, yield
ago-agere-actum
do, drive
audio-audire-auditum
hear
16 terms
Linguistics
Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive Grammar
Teaching Grammars
P. Of Articulation
linguist's description/model of mental grammar.
rules of grammar brought by grammarians' attempts to legislat…
a set of language rules written to help speaker learn a forei…
the part of the vocal tract at which constriction occurs duri…
Descriptive Grammar
linguist's description/model of mental grammar.
Prescriptive Grammar
rules of grammar brought by grammarians' attempts to legislat…
8 terms
Linguistics
Port
Rupt
Tract
Cept
1. To carry 1. Transport 2. Portable
1. To break 1. Disrupt 2. Eruption
1. To pull 1. Traction 2. Retractable
1. To take 2. To receive 1. Interception 2. Perception
Port
1. To carry 1. Transport 2. Portable
Rupt
1. To break 1. Disrupt 2. Eruption
linguistics
darse cuenta de que
realizar
tiempo
vez (veces)
to realize a fact
to fulfill
time/weather
repeatable instance/ number of occurrences
darse cuenta de que
to realize a fact
realizar
to fulfill
11 terms
Linguistics
VI
VT
VL
VL
NP:subj V (ADV)
NP:Subj V NP:D.O.
NP:subj V NP: PredIcate Noun
NP:subj V ADJ: Predicate Adjective
VI
NP:subj V (ADV)
VT
NP:Subj V NP:D.O.
39 terms
linguistics
intention reading and pattern finding
intention reading
pattern finding
confirm, extend, clarify, theoretical
2 strategies to construct abstractions
what is the intention/communicative significance behind utter…
using patterns to identify more abstract dimensions of language
4 reasons to study linguistics
intention reading and pattern finding
2 strategies to construct abstractions
intention reading
what is the intention/communicative significance behind utter…
14 terms
Linguistics
skopeo
logos
sonus
video, visum
see, look, consider, examine
word, study
sound
see
skopeo
see, look, consider, examine
logos
word, study
Linguistics
Acronym
Alphabetic writing
Idiom
Cognates
take the initial of something and turn it into a for that thi…
All the world languages formed by individual letters... -tend to…
within a language speaking group when certain words or phrase…
words in different languages that are traceable to each other…
Acronym
take the initial of something and turn it into a for that thi…
Alphabetic writing
All the world languages formed by individual letters... -tend to…
8 terms
Linguistics
Linguistics
Perspective Linguistics
Descriptive Linguistics
Dialect
The scientific study of languages
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
The act of replacing proper words with regional slang
A local form of speaking, communicating
Linguistics
The scientific study of languages
Perspective Linguistics
Adheres to formal or proper ways of speaking
31 terms
Linguistics
historical linguistics
proto-language
linguistic family tree
comparative method
The study of language history. All language changes all the t…
ancestor language - where it started from
Includes proto-languages and how they relate based on common…
Used to reconstruct family trees. It gives an understanding o…
historical linguistics
The study of language history. All language changes all the t…
proto-language
ancestor language - where it started from
51 terms
Linguistics
Ch. 12: Conditioned and unconditioned…
Ch. 12: Great Vowel shift
Ch. 12: brief history of English (box…
Ch. 12: analogy
-conditioned: deletion of the unstressed "schwa" sound becaus…
-unconditioned sound change that altered all Middle English l…
-In 449 CE, Germanic Tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) invad…
-process whereby a dominant linguistic pattern in a language…
Ch. 12: Conditioned and unconditioned…
-conditioned: deletion of the unstressed "schwa" sound becaus…
Ch. 12: Great Vowel shift
-unconditioned sound change that altered all Middle English l…
22 terms
Linguistics
habla
lengua
lenguaje
fonema
linguistic performance; lo que hacemos
algo abstracto; intuitivo
habla + lengua
any of the perceptually distinct units of sound in a specifie…
habla
linguistic performance; lo que hacemos
lengua
algo abstracto; intuitivo
33 terms
Linguistics
What makes a language unique?
Phonology
Morphology
Free morpheme
Productive... Introduce new symbols... Unrestricted number of domai…
The study of the smallest contrastive unit of language
The study of the smallest meaningful units in language and ho…
A morpheme that can occur by itself as an independent unit
What makes a language unique?
Productive... Introduce new symbols... Unrestricted number of domai…
Phonology
The study of the smallest contrastive unit of language
11 terms
Linguistics
Phonemes
Graphemes
Concept about Print
Alphabetic Principle
Smallest units of sound found in oral language
The letter(s) that represent the smallest units of sound
Recognizing that print is read by starting left to right, the…
The concept that letters in print are used to represent sound…
Phonemes
Smallest units of sound found in oral language
Graphemes
The letter(s) that represent the smallest units of sound
17 terms
Linguistics
Stop
stop
Stop
Stop
Bilabial, p b
Labio-dental
Alveolar, circle t, d
Volar, circ k, g
Stop
Bilabial, p b
stop
Labio-dental
Linguistics
las oclusivas
las fricativas
las africadas
las consonantes nasales
bloqueo total del aire
restriccion del aire sin bloqueo
bloqueo total seguido por restriccion
bloqueo total del aire en la boca, escape del aire por la nariz
las oclusivas
bloqueo total del aire
las fricativas
restriccion del aire sin bloqueo
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