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Study sets matching "lipid metabolism"

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Study sets matching "lipid metabolism"

27 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Activation of fatty acids
B-Oxidation
Role of Carnitine
odd chain oxidation
Need to be converted to active intermediate before catabolism…
two carbons cleaved from acyl-CoA (starting at end). Chain br…
Forms with fatty acyl CoA when it's transported out of matrix…
Uses B-oxidation until 3-carbon (propionyl-CoA) residue remai…
Activation of fatty acids
Need to be converted to active intermediate before catabolism…
B-Oxidation
two carbons cleaved from acyl-CoA (starting at end). Chain br…
64 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Chyme
Gastric Lipase
Cholecystokinin
Bile
Thick semi liquid material in the stomach, consists of food p…
Enzyme in the stomach that beignets breakdown lipids. This ca…
Hormone that is released upon the arrival of chyme in the sma…
Secreted by the gallbladder, this does not contain any enzyme…
Chyme
Thick semi liquid material in the stomach, consists of food p…
Gastric Lipase
Enzyme in the stomach that beignets breakdown lipids. This ca…
38 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Short chain F.A
Emulsification
Long chain F.A
Bile
Absorbed directly into the bloodstream via simple diffusion
Occurs in the duodenum, results in micelle formation
Absorbed as micelles
Created by the liver, stored in the gallbladder
Short chain F.A
Absorbed directly into the bloodstream via simple diffusion
Emulsification
Occurs in the duodenum, results in micelle formation
37 terms
Lipid metabolism
lipids
triglycerides
adipose tissue, liver
linoleic acid, linolenic acid
like carbohydrates, may be catabolized to produce ATP
if the body has no immediate need to use lipids for ATP, they…
two structures wherein triglycerides are stored
two essential fatty acids that the body cannot synthesize
lipids
like carbohydrates, may be catabolized to produce ATP
triglycerides
if the body has no immediate need to use lipids for ATP, they…
150 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Lipid are _____________ which is why t…
Triglycerol
Phospholipid
cholesterol
-not soluble
-primary function is as a reservoir of energy, fats are the m…
-glycerol backbone, two Fa side chain, instead of the third F…
-four rings and one five-membered ring... -hydroxyl group at the…
Lipid are _____________ which is why t…
-not soluble
Triglycerol
-primary function is as a reservoir of energy, fats are the m…
101 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Where does Fatty acid synthesis occur
_________ hormone stimulates fatty aci…
T/F - Acetyl CoA Carboxylase has a cov…
Name the substrates required by the ac…
cytosolic compartment of cell
Insulin
False. The prosthetic group is called biotin, a vitamin B7 de…
ATP... bicarbonate... acetyl CoA
Where does Fatty acid synthesis occur
cytosolic compartment of cell
_________ hormone stimulates fatty aci…
Insulin
45 terms
Lipid metabolism
what is the main function of chylomicr…
what is the main function of VLDL?
which lipoproteins are produced in the…
which lipoproteins are produced in the…
to transport dietary lipids in the blood
to transport endogenously synthesized lipids in the blood
chylomicrons and some HDL
VLDL and HDL
what is the main function of chylomicr…
to transport dietary lipids in the blood
what is the main function of VLDL?
to transport endogenously synthesized lipids in the blood
37 terms
lipids metabolism
Lipases
Fate of fats
Catabolism of triglycerides/lipolysis
Fate of glycerol
Enzymes that break fats and oils down into fatty acids and gl…
*absorbed as triglyceride
Triacylglycerols are hydrolized to form glycerol and the corr…
The Glycerol released from TAG is uptaken from the blood and…
Lipases
Enzymes that break fats and oils down into fatty acids and gl…
Fate of fats
*absorbed as triglyceride
10 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Adipose Tissue
Triglyceride
Adipocytes
Saturated Fat
Loose connective tissue comprised of adipocytes
Energy storage in plants and animals, comprised of one molecu…
'Fat cells' contain a large fat droplet which storges triglyc…
A fat with single carbon-carbon bonds, can't combine with any…
Adipose Tissue
Loose connective tissue comprised of adipocytes
Triglyceride
Energy storage in plants and animals, comprised of one molecu…
88 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Triacylglycerols
Fat fuels
Steps of degradation of triacylglycerols
What triggers triacylglycerol mobiliza…
Stored in adipocyte in the form of lipid droplets surrounded…
Good for endurance (fasting/starvation)
1.) Activation of hormone sensitive lipase and lipases in adi…
Hormonal signals
Triacylglycerols
Stored in adipocyte in the form of lipid droplets surrounded…
Fat fuels
Good for endurance (fasting/starvation)
21 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Cell Membrane Components
Triglycerides
Lipid Breakdown Products
Lipid Synthesis Products
Phospholipid ... Glycolipid ... Cholesterol
90% diet lipids ... Major energy store... Hydrophobic
ATP... NADPH
ADP... HPO4... NADP... Complex metabolites
Cell Membrane Components
Phospholipid ... Glycolipid ... Cholesterol
Triglycerides
90% diet lipids ... Major energy store... Hydrophobic
15 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Be able to describe the digestion, abs…
Know the general composition and struc…
Know that fatty acids are removed from…
Know the net reaction for a round of β…
Bile salts emulsify dietary fats in the small intestine to ge…
Highly hydrophobic core of triacylglycerols and cholesterol e…
Fatty acyl-CoA synthetase: fatty acids are linked to CoA via…
Each round of β-oxidation removes two carbons (as acetyl-CoA)…
Be able to describe the digestion, abs…
Bile salts emulsify dietary fats in the small intestine to ge…
Know the general composition and struc…
Highly hydrophobic core of triacylglycerols and cholesterol e…
27 terms
Lipid Metabolism
enterocytes
bile acids
Lipid digestion
fatty acid
intestinal absorption cells
amphipathic molecules synthesized in liver from cholesterol/s…
lipid droplets (big) + bile acids -> emulsion droplets + lipa…
enterocytes
intestinal absorption cells
bile acids
amphipathic molecules synthesized in liver from cholesterol/s…
26 terms
Lipid metabolism
triglyceride synthesis starting materi…
phospholipid synthesis starting materi…
nucleotides in phospholipid synthesis
direct/indirect source of de novo etha…
dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), then glycerol
ethanolamine, choline (separate reactions)... ↓... ↓... ↓... diacylglycerol
ATP, CTP
serine
triglyceride synthesis starting materi…
dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), then glycerol
phospholipid synthesis starting materi…
ethanolamine, choline (separate reactions)... ↓... ↓... ↓... diacylglycerol
29 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Acetyl CoA Carboxylase Deficiency
Fatty Acid Elongation in________
Ketoacidosis
Medium Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase De…
-The surface of the cells that forms the alveoli are coated w…
endomplasmic reticulum
-Fatty acid release from adipose tissue and ketone synthesis…
-Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase catalyzes 1st step in fatty acid oxid…
Acetyl CoA Carboxylase Deficiency
-The surface of the cells that forms the alveoli are coated w…
Fatty Acid Elongation in________
endomplasmic reticulum
22 terms
lipid metabolism
Lipid Digestion overview
Lipid Mobilization in Adipose Tissue.
Glycerol Is Converted to Glycolysis or…
Fatty acid activation
Most dietary lipids are ingested as triacylglycerol compounds…
In adipose tissue, the hydrolysis of stored triacylglycerol m…
The glycerol that is released from adipose tissue is taken up…
carried in blood from adipose tissues in association with alb…
Lipid Digestion overview
Most dietary lipids are ingested as triacylglycerol compounds…
Lipid Mobilization in Adipose Tissue.
In adipose tissue, the hydrolysis of stored triacylglycerol m…
32 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Saturated fatty acids (definition)
Monounsaturated fatty acids (definition)
Most unsaturated fatty acids double bo…
Alpha carbon:
- 0 double bonds... - Increased fluidity of the membrane ... - Soli…
- 1 double bond... - Reduces fluidity of the membrane ... - Liquid…
- Cis ... --> H's on the same side ... - Provides kink in structure…
- First carbon following the carboxyl carbon
Saturated fatty acids (definition)
- 0 double bonds... - Increased fluidity of the membrane ... - Soli…
Monounsaturated fatty acids (definition)
- 1 double bond... - Reduces fluidity of the membrane ... - Liquid…
79 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Function of S-adenosyl Methionine
Cardiolipin function
Dipalmitoylphosphotidylcholine function
PLA₂ cleavage site
Transfer of H⁺ groups
- maintains complexes for electron transfer in inner mitochon…
- major component of Surfactant... - if ratio of DPPC:Sphingomye…
- cleaves off Fatty Acid at Carbon #2
Function of S-adenosyl Methionine
Transfer of H⁺ groups
Cardiolipin function
- maintains complexes for electron transfer in inner mitochon…
34 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Fatty Acid (14:0)
Fatty Acid (16:0)
Fatty Acid (18:0)
Fatty Acid (18:1)
Myristic Acid
Palmitric Acid ... (most commonly made fatty acid in the body)
Stearic Acid
Oleic Acid
Fatty Acid (14:0)
Myristic Acid
Fatty Acid (16:0)
Palmitric Acid ... (most commonly made fatty acid in the body)
35 terms
Lipid Metabolism
16 carbon chain FA
18 carbon chain FA
FA: Acetyl-coA Carboxylase
FA: Regulation of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase
Palmitic acid... Hexadecanoic acid
Stearic acid... Octadecanoic acid
2 partial reactions. ... Biotin carboxylase: ATP + CO2 + BCCP --…
Acute (Citrate, Phsphorylation, acyl-CoAs)... Chronic (Gene expr…
16 carbon chain FA
Palmitic acid... Hexadecanoic acid
18 carbon chain FA
Stearic acid... Octadecanoic acid
19 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Triacylglycerols
Mouth
Triacylglycerol digestion step 1
Triacylglycerol digestion step 2
Dietary lipids are mainly fats and oils
Nothing happens
Formation of fat globules and chyme in the stomach
Emulsification by bile salts and partial hydrolysis by pancre…
Triacylglycerols
Dietary lipids are mainly fats and oils
Mouth
Nothing happens
46 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Lipogenesis
Acetyl CoA activation
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase
The Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase reaction
Synthesis of Fatty Acids... - Glucose provides the carbon for fa…
It is activated by the carboxylation to malonyl CoA by the en…
- This enzyme catalyzes the rate-limiting step in fatty acid…
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase has three functional regions: biotin c…
Lipogenesis
Synthesis of Fatty Acids... - Glucose provides the carbon for fa…
Acetyl CoA activation
It is activated by the carboxylation to malonyl CoA by the en…
43 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Fat storage as fuel reserve
Fat digestion and absorption 1
Fat digestion and absorption 2
Fat digestion and absorption steps 1-2
Mammals: 5 to 25% of their body weight is fat and lipids, 90%…
Because fats are highly insoluble, their digestion (enzymes),…
Pancreatic lipase then breaks down fat, generating a mixture…
1. Cholic acid, a typical bile acid, ionizes to give its cogn…
Fat storage as fuel reserve
Mammals: 5 to 25% of their body weight is fat and lipids, 90%…
Fat digestion and absorption 1
Because fats are highly insoluble, their digestion (enzymes),…
70 terms
lipid metabolism
structure of membranes, energy reserve…
fatty acid
glycerol
triacylglycerol
4 major functions of lipids
unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12-20 carb…
structure of membranes, energy reserve…
4 major functions of lipids
fatty acid
unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12-20 carb…
44 terms
lipid metabolism
cholesterol
mevalonate pathway
what else can the mevalonate pathway m…
cholesterol is precursor for
major component of eukaryotic cells membranes 25%, we can mak…
all carbon in cholesterol comes from acetyl CoA, statins inhi…
cholesterol, isoprenoid, and steroid synthesis... farnesyl dipho…
cholesterol esters and bile acids (Oh becomes Rc=o-o t0 then…
cholesterol
major component of eukaryotic cells membranes 25%, we can mak…
mevalonate pathway
all carbon in cholesterol comes from acetyl CoA, statins inhi…
19 terms
Lipid Metabolism
rate limiting enzyme of Beta oxidation…
fatty acid synthesis is opposite of be…
beta oxidation vs. fatty acid synthesi…
pyruvate carboxylase
carnitine acyltransferase I
FA synthesis-reduce and link acetyl COA... Beta oxidation-oxidiz…
beta oxidation-mitochondria... fatty acid synthesis-cytosol
convert pyruvate to oxaloacetate
rate limiting enzyme of Beta oxidation…
carnitine acyltransferase I
fatty acid synthesis is opposite of be…
FA synthesis-reduce and link acetyl COA... Beta oxidation-oxidiz…
27 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Large particle that hides hydrophobic…
Cholesterol
Pi (phosphate)
Ketone bodies
What is a chylomicron?
Bile salts (bile acids) are synthesized from...
Pyrophosphate is formed in numerous metabolic reactions. ... Pyr…
When glucose levels are low, what would your body use for ene…
Large particle that hides hydrophobic…
What is a chylomicron?
Cholesterol
Bile salts (bile acids) are synthesized from...
21 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Lipid Catabolism
Lipid anabolism
Glycerol conversion to glycolysis inte…
Acetyl vs Acyl groups
Triacylglycerol- lipases... Fatty acids-beta oxidation... Glycerol-…
biosynthesis of fatty acids... glycerol
Glycerol goes to Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) via glycer…
Acetyl: CH3CO-... Acyl: R-CO-
Lipid Catabolism
Triacylglycerol- lipases... Fatty acids-beta oxidation... Glycerol-…
Lipid anabolism
biosynthesis of fatty acids... glycerol
58 terms
Lipid Metabolism
What are common properties of lipids?
Triacylglycerol?
Phospholipid
Sphingolipid
make up PM often. Polar head w/ hydrophobic tails
-is a neutral lipid composed of a glycerol molecule with 3 FA…
-membrane lipid... -amphipathic lipid which is a major component…
-membrane lipid... -amphipathic lipid which is a major component…
What are common properties of lipids?
make up PM often. Polar head w/ hydrophobic tails
Triacylglycerol?
-is a neutral lipid composed of a glycerol molecule with 3 FA…
55 terms
Lipid Metabolism
What is atherosclerosis
Lipoprotein
Albumin
Properties of Lipoproteins
Lipids being deposited in the arterial walls
Since lipids are not water soluble, they cant be easily trans…
Lipid soluble protein that transports unesterified fatty acids
Amphipathic shell and Hydrophobic core
What is atherosclerosis
Lipids being deposited in the arterial walls
Lipoprotein
Since lipids are not water soluble, they cant be easily trans…
26 terms
LIPID METABOLISM
Different Types of Lipids
Fatty Acids
Fatty Acid Synthesis
how to synthesize fatty acid ?
1- TRIGLYCERIDE... 2-phospholipids ( phosphte group to carbon nu…
1-Saturated fatty acids (no double bonds) solid fat .... 2-Unsat…
-occur in cytoplasm, liver is the major site.
1- we convert actyl-coA to malnoyl-coA by ACC (actyl - coA ca…
Different Types of Lipids
1- TRIGLYCERIDE... 2-phospholipids ( phosphte group to carbon nu…
Fatty Acids
1-Saturated fatty acids (no double bonds) solid fat .... 2-Unsat…
25 terms
Lipid Metabolism
TGL
Describe TGL mobilization in Adipocytes
Describe Glycerol
Describe FAs
- An ester formed from glycerol and 3 FA groups... - Are the mai…
Post-absorptive state:... - Decrease glucose, many hormones mobi…
Water soluble, dumped into blood, no transporter, handled by…
- Carried by albumin, enters many different cells, into the l…
TGL
- An ester formed from glycerol and 3 FA groups... - Are the mai…
Describe TGL mobilization in Adipocytes
Post-absorptive state:... - Decrease glucose, many hormones mobi…
55 terms
Lipid metabolism
O hot
triacylglycerol
ester bond
important membrane component
βoxidation process mnemonic
fatty acid are stored as
what kind of bonds is used to form Triacylglycerol?
Glycerophospholipids are
O hot
βoxidation process mnemonic
triacylglycerol
fatty acid are stored as
18 terms
Lipid metabolism
Lipogenesis
What is the main role of acetyl-CoA?
What is the purpose of lipogenesis?
What's involved with triglyceride synt…
Process where acetyl-CoA is converted to fatty acids.
It is an intermediate stage in metabolism of simple sugars, s…
Through lipogenesis, and subsequent triglyceride synthesis, t…
fatty acids are esterified with glycerol to form fats
Lipogenesis
Process where acetyl-CoA is converted to fatty acids.
What is the main role of acetyl-CoA?
It is an intermediate stage in metabolism of simple sugars, s…
20 terms
Lipid Metabolism
What are chylomicrons?
Where are chylomicrons made?
What are lipoproteins and where are th…
Describe the difference between cardia…
Chylomicrons are lipoproteins and they help transport lipids…
They are made in the intestine from dietary fats and passed i…
Lipoproteins are cell receptors on muscle cells that receive…
cardiac cells need fatty acids for energy so their LPL have h…
What are chylomicrons?
Chylomicrons are lipoproteins and they help transport lipids…
Where are chylomicrons made?
They are made in the intestine from dietary fats and passed i…
51 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Location of fatty acid synthesis
Overall process of lipid synthesis
Acetyl CoA Structure
What is the rate limiting step of lipi…
cytosol
1) Acetyl CoA is "activated" by becoming Malonyl CoA... 2. Malon…
Conversion of acetyl coA to malonyl CoA
Location of fatty acid synthesis
cytosol
Overall process of lipid synthesis
1) Acetyl CoA is "activated" by becoming Malonyl CoA... 2. Malon…
61 terms
Lipid Metabolism
What is the starting molecule of FA sy…
How Citrate gets from CAC to Cytoplasm…
What enz does ATP inhibit in CAC?
When does FA synthesis occur?
Citrate (6 C)---Citrate Lyase-->3 Acetyl CoA... (occurs in cyt…
1. ATP/NADH concentration inhibits Isocitrate Dehydrogenase a…
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
In Fed State (In Insulin is available) ... Acetyl CoA enters CAC…
What is the starting molecule of FA sy…
Citrate (6 C)---Citrate Lyase-->3 Acetyl CoA... (occurs in cyt…
How Citrate gets from CAC to Cytoplasm…
1. ATP/NADH concentration inhibits Isocitrate Dehydrogenase a…
31 terms
LIPID METABOLISM
What are the roles of fatty acids?
Structure of Fatty acids
Nomenclature
Triacylglyceride
1) Energy store in the form of triacylglycerol in adipose... 2)C…
Hydrocarbon chain with a terminal COOH group
18 (no.c) : 3 ( no. double bonds) w- 3,6,9 (position of doubl…
FATTY ACID CHAIN ON A GLYCEROL BACKBONE.The way fat is stored…
What are the roles of fatty acids?
1) Energy store in the form of triacylglycerol in adipose... 2)C…
Structure of Fatty acids
Hydrocarbon chain with a terminal COOH group
37 terms
Lipid Metabolism
how are fatty acids characterized?
center of a chylomicron ismade up of w…
what happens to blood plasma after a m…
where are the following produced?... chyl…
number of carbons in chain... number of double bonds... position of…
triacylglycerols
chylomicrons are made first in the intestinal mucosa and make…
chylomicrons produced in the intestinal mucosa... VLDL produced…
how are fatty acids characterized?
number of carbons in chain... number of double bonds... position of…
center of a chylomicron ismade up of w…
triacylglycerols
68 terms
Lipid Metabolism
What are lipids?
What are the classes of Lipids?
What is the enzyme that catalyzes the…
What is emulsification
Heterogeneous group of water insoluble organic molecules.
1. Fatty acids... 2. TriAcylGlycerol TAG... 3. Phospholipids... 4. Ste…
Lipase... Stable at low pH... Targets TAGs
The breakdown of fat globules in the duodenum into tiny dropl…
What are lipids?
Heterogeneous group of water insoluble organic molecules.
What are the classes of Lipids?
1. Fatty acids... 2. TriAcylGlycerol TAG... 3. Phospholipids... 4. Ste…
Lipid metabolism
Adipocytes
List the three primary sources of trai…
Bile salts
General function of all lipoproteins
Specialised cells that store fat globules
1. Diet... 2. Biosynthesis of triagylcerols... 3. Stored triaglycer…
- Act as detergents that aids in the digestion of lipids and…
Responsible for transporting lipid molecules
Adipocytes
Specialised cells that store fat globules
List the three primary sources of trai…
1. Diet... 2. Biosynthesis of triagylcerols... 3. Stored triaglycer…
Lipid metabolism
Lipid
Lipoprotein
Chylomicrons
Very low density lipoproteins
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen t…
One of several types of particles containing lipids and prote…
Formed in musocal epithelial cells of the small intestine, tr…
Formed in hepatocytes, contain mostly endogenous lipids. 10%…
Lipid
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen t…
Lipoprotein
One of several types of particles containing lipids and prote…
79 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Function of S-adenosyl Methionine
Cardiolipin function
Dipalmitoylphosphotidylcholine function
PLA₂ cleavage site
Transfer of H⁺ groups
- maintains complexes for electron transfer in inner mitochon…
- major component of Surfactant... - if ratio of DPPC:Sphingomye…
- cleaves off Fatty Acid at Carbon #2
Function of S-adenosyl Methionine
Transfer of H⁺ groups
Cardiolipin function
- maintains complexes for electron transfer in inner mitochon…
107 terms
metabolism and bioenergetics & Lipid metabolism
What is catabolism?
What is anabolism?
What does Keq' mean?
What does exergonic mean?
Oxidation of carbohydrates, fats & proteins to smaller molecu…
The synthesis of complex molecules from simple precursors. Re…
The equilibrium constant at pH7
Energy releasing
What is catabolism?
Oxidation of carbohydrates, fats & proteins to smaller molecu…
What is anabolism?
The synthesis of complex molecules from simple precursors. Re…
65 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Role of fatty acid
Products of fatty acid oxidation
Enzyme used to activate of Fatty acid…
It catalyzes the transfer of FA betwee…
Building blocks of phosphoipid and glycerol, fuel molecules,…
acetyl-CoA, NADH, FADH2
Acyl-CoA synthetase (thiokinase) ... It is ATP Dependent
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase
Role of fatty acid
Building blocks of phosphoipid and glycerol, fuel molecules,…
Products of fatty acid oxidation
acetyl-CoA, NADH, FADH2
65 terms
Lipid metabolism
Human serum albumin has lots of alpha…
What molecule do fatty acids react wit…
What does the formation of Acetyl-CoA…
What is CoA referred to as when there…
bind 7 palmitic acid
CoA.... forms Acetyl-CoA
the movement of fatty acids from the cytoplasm to the mitocho…
CoASH or HSCoA
Human serum albumin has lots of alpha…
bind 7 palmitic acid
What molecule do fatty acids react wit…
CoA.... forms Acetyl-CoA
27 terms
Lipid Metabolism
TRUE or FALSE: Synthesis of Fatty Acid…
TRUE or FALSE: Activation of acetyl-Co…
What enzyme catalyzes the rate-limitin…
What are the regulators of ACC?
TRUE
TRUE; acetyl-CoA is activated by carboxylation and the usage…
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)
STIMULATES --> Citrate and Isocitrate... INHIBITS --> long-chain…
TRUE or FALSE: Synthesis of Fatty Acid…
TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Activation of acetyl-Co…
TRUE; acetyl-CoA is activated by carboxylation and the usage…
82 terms
Lipid Metabolism
4 major groups of lipids
Fatty acids:... Characteristics / Structu…
Fatty acids:... Numbering systems
Essential fatty acids
1) Fatty acids... 2) Triglycerides... 3) Cholesterol... 4) Phosphol…
Major energy-rich metabolic fuel that is amphipathic ... Lo…
1) C-numbering system ... -- C1 is at carboxyl group... -- Takes…
Omega-3 aka linolenic acid... Omega-6 aka linoleic acid
4 major groups of lipids
1) Fatty acids... 2) Triglycerides... 3) Cholesterol... 4) Phosphol…
Fatty acids:... Characteristics / Structu…
Major energy-rich metabolic fuel that is amphipathic ... Lo…
106 terms
Lipid metabolism
Fatty Acids
What functional group does Fatty Acids…
Counting Carbons in Fatty Acids
What is the product of Cyclo-oxygenase?
Long Chain of Hydrocarbons
Carboxyl (acid) functional group
Start counting from Carboxyl end
Arachidonic acid
Fatty Acids
Long Chain of Hydrocarbons
What functional group does Fatty Acids…
Carboxyl (acid) functional group
28 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Essential Fatty Acids
Where are fatty acid lipids synthesize…
Microbiome and lipid metabolism
Carnitine deficiency
Linoleic acid (omega 6)... Linolenic acid (omega 3)... Needed becau…
Synthesized: cytoplasm... Degraded: mitochondria
Break down undigested material (dietary fiber) into short cha…
Cannot import long or medium chain FA into mitochondria... Resul…
Essential Fatty Acids
Linoleic acid (omega 6)... Linolenic acid (omega 3)... Needed becau…
Where are fatty acid lipids synthesize…
Synthesized: cytoplasm... Degraded: mitochondria
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