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Study sets matching "lipids"

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Study sets matching "lipids"

16 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Monomers for Lipids
Elements found in Lipids
Functions of Lipids
Energy-rich biomolecules made mostly from carbon and hydrogen…
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Mostly Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and some Oxygen (O)
1. long-term energy storage ... 2. act as structural components…
Lipids
Energy-rich biomolecules made mostly from carbon and hydrogen…
Monomers for Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
14 terms
Lipids
Lipid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Steroids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride,…
Class of lipids that contain hormones and cholesterol
Lipid
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Triglyceride
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
37 terms
Lipids
triglyceride
cholesterol
acyl form linked to a fatty acid
cholesteryl ester
most common fat in the body
less flexible, polar on the end.
how cholesterol is stored
most hydrophobic fat
triglyceride
most common fat in the body
cholesterol
less flexible, polar on the end.
11 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Reserve Energy
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Saturated Fat
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
The primary function of a lipid is
The three main types of lipids?
Is this a saturated or unsaturated fat.
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
Reserve Energy
The primary function of a lipid is
15 terms
Lipids
Lipid
triglyceride
cholesterol
phospholipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
triglyceride
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
20 terms
Lipids
lipids
fat
monounsaturated fat
essential fatty acids
organic molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, bu…
a type of lipid that is used to store energy and as a fatty a…
a fat that has one double carbon-to-carbon bond
fatty acids that cannot be produced by the body but must be e…
lipids
organic molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, bu…
fat
a type of lipid that is used to store energy and as a fatty a…
17 terms
Lipids
Lipids are unique compared to the othe…
Lipids, in general, are made up of the…
The functions of Lipids are
Lipids include
they are not made of monomers or polymers.
CHO
to store energy for a long term or insulation (keep warm), pr…
Fatty Acids, Phospholipids, Triglycerides and Steroids.
Lipids are unique compared to the othe…
they are not made of monomers or polymers.
Lipids, in general, are made up of the…
CHO
14 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
12 terms
Lipids
insoluble
triglyceride
fatty acid
carboxyl group
Not capable of being dissolved
Composed of three (tri) fatty acids combined with glycerol (g…
over 70 different types, all have a carboxyl group (-COOH) at…
-COOH
insoluble
Not capable of being dissolved
triglyceride
Composed of three (tri) fatty acids combined with glycerol (g…
10 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Monomers for Lipids
Elements found in Lipids
Functions of Lipids
Energy-rich biomolecules made mostly from carbon and hydrogen…
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Mostly Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and some Oxygen (O)
1. long-term energy storage ... 2. act as structural components…
Lipids
Energy-rich biomolecules made mostly from carbon and hydrogen…
Monomers for Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
43 terms
Lipids
Triglyceride
Ester bond
Condensation
Hydrolysis
A molecule containing glycerol and three fatty acids
Name the bond linking glycerol to a fatty acid.
Name the type of reaction which forms an ester bond.
Name the type of reaction which breaks an ester bond.
Triglyceride
A molecule containing glycerol and three fatty acids
Ester bond
Name the bond linking glycerol to a fatty acid.
5 terms
Lipids
What is the element ratio for lipids?
What are functions of lipids?
What is the monomer of lipids?
What are some examples of lipids?
CHO 1:2:very few
They: ... -Store energy for the body... -Help develop cell membrane…
Saturated/Unsaturated Fats and Fatty Acids(+Glycerol)
Fats & Oils... Steroids... Phospholipids... Glycolipids... Lipoproteins... W…
What is the element ratio for lipids?
CHO 1:2:very few
What are functions of lipids?
They: ... -Store energy for the body... -Help develop cell membrane…
16 terms
Lipids
Emulsion Test
Ester bond
Fatty acid
Glycerol
Test to identify lipids (sample mixed with ethanol to dissolv…
During formation of triglyceride the hydroxyl group of the gl…
carboxylic acid consisting of a hydrocarbon chain and a carbo…
A member of a group of molecules called alcohols
Emulsion Test
Test to identify lipids (sample mixed with ethanol to dissolv…
Ester bond
During formation of triglyceride the hydroxyl group of the gl…
Lipids
Lipid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Steroids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride,…
Class of lipids that contain hormones and cholesterol
Lipid
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Triglyceride
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
12 terms
lipids
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
lipid
triglyceride
process that build polymers by removing water
process that tears down polymers by adding water
macromolecule made of CHO but a lot less O than C
polymer of lipids
dehydration synthesis
process that build polymers by removing water
hydrolysis
process that tears down polymers by adding water
12 terms
Lipids
Lipid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Fatty acid
Biomolecule that is insoluble (doesn't mix) in water. Fats, o…
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride,…
"Tails" of triglyceride
Lipid
Biomolecule that is insoluble (doesn't mix) in water. Fats, o…
Triglyceride
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
24 terms
Lipids
Lipid
Fatty Acid
Saturated Fat
Unsaturated Fat
a macromolecule that is non-polar and hydrophobic. It doesn't…
a chain of carbon thats is bonded to hydrogen. There is a car…
3 fatty acid chains bonded to a glycerol. The fatty acids onl…
3 fatty acid chains bonded to a glycerol. The fatty acid chai…
Lipid
a macromolecule that is non-polar and hydrophobic. It doesn't…
Fatty Acid
a chain of carbon thats is bonded to hydrogen. There is a car…
8 terms
Lipids
glycerol
fatty acids
Triglyceride
Saturated fats
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
The type of lipid molecule associated with body fat. Think lo…
Saturated fats are saturated with hydrogen. The tend to be so…
glycerol
a subunit of fats. composed of 3 carbons with hydroxides on t…
fatty acids
a bunch of C's and H's in a chain with a carboxyl at the end.…
10 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Building blocks for Lipids
Elements found in Lipids
Functions of Lipids
fats, oils, and waxes, that are made of carbon, hydrogen, and…
3 Fatty Acids and 1 Glycerol
Mostly Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), and some Oxygen (O)
1. long-term energy storage ... 2. act as structural components…
Lipids
fats, oils, and waxes, that are made of carbon, hydrogen, and…
Building blocks for Lipids
3 Fatty Acids and 1 Glycerol
12 terms
Lipids
fat
wax
steroid/hormones
steroid/cholesterol
long term energy storage
waterproof
chemical messengers
cell membrane - prevents freezing and melting of cell
fat
long term energy storage
wax
waterproof
11 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Reserve Energy
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Saturated Fat
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
The primary function of a lipid is
The three main types of lipids?
Is this a saturated or unsaturated fat.
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
Reserve Energy
The primary function of a lipid is
16 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Steroids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
energy-storing lipid; most common lipid in living things
Main component of cell membranes. Its properties make cell me…
Class of lipids that contain hormones and cholesterol.
Lipids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Triglyceride
energy-storing lipid; most common lipid in living things
16 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acid (not a diagram)
Glycerol
Butter, oil, animal fat
Forms the plasma membrane in cells... Ins…
Monomer of a Lipid with long chains of carbons
Monomer of a Lipid with 3 carbons
Foods high in Lipids
Functions of a lipid
Fatty Acid (not a diagram)
Monomer of a Lipid with long chains of carbons
Glycerol
Monomer of a Lipid with 3 carbons
13 terms
Lipids
Lipids
cholesterol
hydrophobic
hydrophylic
a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, w…
a lipid present in the cell membrane and subcellular organell…
tending to repel or fail to mix with water
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
Lipids
a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, w…
cholesterol
a lipid present in the cell membrane and subcellular organell…
12 terms
Lipids
Lipid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Steroids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride,…
Class of lipids that contain hormones and cholesterol
Lipid
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Triglyceride
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
10 terms
Lipids
Fatty acids
glycerol
Satuared
Unsaturated
-a carboxylic acid consisting of a hydrocarbon chain and a te…
other monomer of lipid... C3H8O3
-NO double bond of carbon atoms ... -always solid at room temper…
-1 or more double bonds ... -don't have hydrogen to maximum capa…
Fatty acids
-a carboxylic acid consisting of a hydrocarbon chain and a te…
glycerol
other monomer of lipid... C3H8O3
10 terms
Lipids
Lipid
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Steroids
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride,…
Class of lipids that contain hormones and cholesterol
Lipid
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids,…
Triglyceride
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy.…
9 terms
Lipids
lipid
fatty acid
saturated fat
unsaturated fat
Fats and oils
long carbon chains with hydrogen atoms attached
A lipid made from fatty acids that have no double bonds betwe…
a fat that has fewer hydrogen atoms because double bonds exis…
lipid
Fats and oils
fatty acid
long carbon chains with hydrogen atoms attached
15 terms
Lipids
Lipid
triglyceride
cholesterol
phospholipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
triglyceride
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
23 terms
Lipids
non polar neutral
hydrophobic
saturated - not straight "kink", have…
solids
are lipids polar or nonpolar? acid, base or neutral?
are lipids hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
what is the difference between saturated and unsaturated lipi…
unsaturated fats are _____ at room temp
non polar neutral
are lipids polar or nonpolar? acid, base or neutral?
hydrophobic
are lipids hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
12 terms
Lipids
triglyceride
glycerol
monounsaturated fatty acid
polyunsaturated fatty acid
triglyceride
glycerol
17 terms
Lipids
Functions of lipids
Amiphipathic nature
Saturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids
Stored energy, signaling, membranes, co-factors, emulsifiers
Stabilized by hydrophobic effect and Van Der Waals. Polar/phi…
No double bonds, free rotation, many conformations possible,…
Double bonds, normally cis causing kinked conformation. Bend…
Functions of lipids
Stored energy, signaling, membranes, co-factors, emulsifiers
Amiphipathic nature
Stabilized by hydrophobic effect and Van Der Waals. Polar/phi…
15 terms
Lipids
Lipid
triglyceride
cholesterol
phospholipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
triglyceride
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
14 terms
lipids
trans fat
emulsifier
HDL-high density lipoprotein
LDL-low density lipoprotein
product of hydrogenation and raises LDLs
combines water and fat... ex. bile and lecithin, phospholipids
"good" blood cholesterol; protects against heart disease
"bad" blood cholesterol; linked most directly to heart disease
trans fat
product of hydrogenation and raises LDLs
emulsifier
combines water and fat... ex. bile and lecithin, phospholipids
30 terms
Lipids
fats and oils
triglyceride, glycerol, fatty acids, p…
saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsatu…
omega-3, omega-6
What are in triglycerides?
What is in the lipid family?
Name the fatty acids
Name polyunsaturated fats
fats and oils
What are in triglycerides?
triglyceride, glycerol, fatty acids, p…
What is in the lipid family?
15 terms
Lipids
Lipid
triglyceride
cholesterol
phospholipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
triglyceride
lipid made of one glycerol with three attached fatty acids
11 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Reserve Energy
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Saturated Fat
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
The primary function of a lipid is
The three main types of lipids?
Is this a saturated or unsaturated fat.
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
Reserve Energy
The primary function of a lipid is
16 terms
Lipids
Fatty acids
Triglycerides
Glycerophospholipid
Ether glycerophospholipid
long hydrocarbon chain and terminal carboxyl ... saturated have…
glycerol backbone with fatty acids esterified... major energy so…
glycerol backbone with 2 FAs at C1 and C2 and phosphate with…
glycerol backbone, alkyl chain in ether linkage at C1, FA est…
Fatty acids
long hydrocarbon chain and terminal carboxyl ... saturated have…
Triglycerides
glycerol backbone with fatty acids esterified... major energy so…
27 terms
Lipids
Lipidemia retinalis
Eruptive xanthoma
Other types LPL inactivity
Hepatic lipase deficiency
Lipoprotein lipase deficiency
Common in French Canadian 1:40 ... Worse with stress , DM, Preg…
-Glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored high density lipoprote…
HighTg... No HDL reduction... No pancreatitis... Tg commensurate to TC
Lipidemia retinalis
Lipoprotein lipase deficiency
Eruptive xanthoma
Common in French Canadian 1:40 ... Worse with stress , DM, Preg…
6 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Function of lipids
Types of lipids
Triglycerides
1-hydrophobic molecules, 2-fats, oils, waxes, cell membranes,…
Long term energy storage, insulation, structural, protection,…
1-triglycerides, 2-phospholipids, 3-steroids, 4-waxes
TRI means 3, a glycerine backbone attached to 3 fatty acids
Lipids
1-hydrophobic molecules, 2-fats, oils, waxes, cell membranes,…
Function of lipids
Long term energy storage, insulation, structural, protection,…
30 terms
Lipids
glycerol: structure
fatty acid: structure
what type of reaction makes a triglyce…
forms of lipids in the body
glycerol + 3 fatty acids ... via condensation/dehydration
1. triglycerides... 2. phospholipids... 3. terpenes... 4. cholesterol
glycerol: structure
fatty acid: structure
37 terms
Lipids
Lipid backbone
Triglyceride
Linkage that joins glycerol
Micelle
Glycerol
3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone. Nonpolar and h…
Ester linkages
monoglyceride+F.A.+cholesterol
Lipid backbone
Glycerol
Triglyceride
3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone. Nonpolar and h…
13 terms
Lipids
Lipids
Glycerol
Fatty acid
Fat
Oily, greasy, hydrophobic compounds. They are used for long t…
The "Head" of a lipid. This is an alcohol because of the hydr…
The hydrophobic tail of a lipid. This has a hydrocarbon tail…
A large lipid made of glycerol (3 Carbons, "The head") and th…
Lipids
Oily, greasy, hydrophobic compounds. They are used for long t…
Glycerol
The "Head" of a lipid. This is an alcohol because of the hydr…
10 terms
Lipids
Fatty acids are
Saturated fatty acids are
Unsaturated fatty acids are
Triglycerides are made of
Carboxyl group on one end and methyl on the other end
Carboxyl acid with an hydrogen(s) atom for each carbon atom
In the acid link there is a double bond present
Comprised of three fatty acids which are bonded to glycerol b…
Fatty acids are
Carboxyl group on one end and methyl on the other end
Saturated fatty acids are
Carboxyl acid with an hydrogen(s) atom for each carbon atom
37 terms
Lipids
Phospholipid constituents
Basis for phospholipid classification
(Fully) saturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids
Polar head group = phosphate + alcohol... Fatty acid tail = hydr…
The backbone on which the molecule is built
Single bonds only... Have greater VDW forces... Ex. butter (more s…
Contain double bonds, which introduce kinks in the molecule,…
Phospholipid constituents
Polar head group = phosphate + alcohol... Fatty acid tail = hydr…
Basis for phospholipid classification
The backbone on which the molecule is built
47 terms
Lipids
Simple lipids
Compound Lipids
Sterol and steroids
Fatty acid
Fatty acids, esters of fatty acids with glycerol... Monoglyceri…
Phospholipids: glycerol backbone, phosphoric acid,... fatty acid…
Based on the steroid ring structure... Sources:... Cholesterol - a…
Rarely free in nature, usually linked to other... molecules by t…
Simple lipids
Fatty acids, esters of fatty acids with glycerol... Monoglyceri…
Compound Lipids
Phospholipids: glycerol backbone, phosphoric acid,... fatty acid…
11 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Reserve Energy
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Saturated Fat
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
The primary function of a lipid is
The three main types of lipids?
Is this a saturated or unsaturated fat.
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
What are the monomers of a lipid, such as a triglyceride?
Reserve Energy
The primary function of a lipid is
19 terms
Lipids
What is unique about lipids
3 types of lipids
Structure of triglyceride
Structure of glycerol
They are hydrophobic, nonpolar, so they do not dissolve in wa…
Triglyceride (fats), phospholipids, & steroids
3 fatty acids bonded to a glycerol
Alcohol with 3 carbons, each with a hydroxyl group (which is…
What is unique about lipids
They are hydrophobic, nonpolar, so they do not dissolve in wa…
3 types of lipids
Triglyceride (fats), phospholipids, & steroids
15 terms
Lipids
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Reserve Energy
Fats, Steroids, Phospholipid and Waxes
Saturated Fat
What are the monomers of a lipid?
The primary function of a lipid is
Types of lipids.
Is this a saturated or unsaturated fat.
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
What are the monomers of a lipid?
Reserve Energy
The primary function of a lipid is
17 terms
Lipids
category of Lipids
function of LIpids
Fats
Saturated fats
Sterols (steroids), Fats, Phospholipids, Waxes
long term energy storage; insulation; prevents water loss; cu…
provide energy for the body when carbohydrates are not availa…
lipid from animals; fatty acid has no double bonds; contains…
category of Lipids
Sterols (steroids), Fats, Phospholipids, Waxes
function of LIpids
long term energy storage; insulation; prevents water loss; cu…
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