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Study sets matching "lipids"

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Study sets matching "lipids"

21 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Quiz
Urea, uric acid, creatinine
Urea
Uric acid
Ammonia
These compounds belong to a group known as the non protein ni…
Major excretory product of protein metabolism
Breakdown of products of purine metabolism
Its major source from gastrointestinal tract where it is deri…
Urea, uric acid, creatinine
These compounds belong to a group known as the non protein ni…
Urea
Major excretory product of protein metabolism
25 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7 Vocab
Cell
Cell theory
Plasma membrane
Eukaryotic cell
Basic unit of life
All organisms are Composed of on or more cells basic structur…
Boundary that controls what enters and leaves the cells
Contains Nucleolus and other organelles that are bound by mem…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell theory
All organisms are Composed of on or more cells basic structur…
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Photosynthesis (Chapter 4) Quiz
ADP
ADP-ATP Cycling
ATP
ATP Synthase
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
Energy is used to add one molecule of phosphate (P) to a mole…
A molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
An enzyme that catalyzes that reaction that adds a high energ…
ADP
A lower-energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
ADP-ATP Cycling
Energy is used to add one molecule of phosphate (P) to a mole…
44 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biochem exam 3 combined
What is vitamin D important for?
What is vitamin A important for?
What is vitamin E?
What is vitamin K important for?
bone growth and calcium ion uptake. Ricketes is vit D deficie…
night vision
antioxidant
blood clotting, and the activation of serine proteases
What is vitamin D important for?
bone growth and calcium ion uptake. Ricketes is vit D deficie…
What is vitamin A important for?
night vision
29 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Nervous System
neuron
cerebrospinal fluid
ventricles
myelinsheath
basic structural unit of the nervous system
carries nutrients to the brain. Also acts as a shock absorber…
these hollow spaces in the brain produce and help circulate t…
many axons have this lipid covering
neuron
basic structural unit of the nervous system
cerebrospinal fluid
carries nutrients to the brain. Also acts as a shock absorber…
266 termscreated on December 8, 2016
FINAL
NF = National Formulary... USP = U.S Phar…
CDER = Center for Drug Evaluation and…
FDA 1906
FDA 1938
- Set Standard for drugs, pharmaceutical ingredients, and dos…
- Assess Benefits and Risk relationship... - Make Drugs availabl…
- Strength, Purity, and Quality
- Added Safety... - NDA; Label for directions; unannounced inspe…
NF = National Formulary... USP = U.S Phar…
- Set Standard for drugs, pharmaceutical ingredients, and dos…
CDER = Center for Drug Evaluation and…
- Assess Benefits and Risk relationship... - Make Drugs availabl…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Nutrition Chapter 5
Lipids
How the body uses fat
Why we need to eat
Sterols
Triglycerides sterols and phospholipids
Provides most energy for body's work ... Shock absorbers ... Insu…
Concentrated calorie source.... Essential fatty acids ... Vitamin…
Cholesterol, vitamin d, sex hormones
Lipids
Triglycerides sterols and phospholipids
How the body uses fat
Provides most energy for body's work ... Shock absorbers ... Insu…
26 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Structure and Function
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Everything enclosed by the plasma membrane, except for the nu…
Has two subunits, each composed of RNA and protein molecules.…
Plasma Membrane
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
Nucleus
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology; macromolecules and nutrients
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Vitamin A
Foods; dairy, friut, grains, sugary sweets... Monomer: monosacch…
Foods; cheeses, meats, fried foods, milk... Monomer: fatty acids…
Foods; eggs, yogurt, beans... Monomer: amino acids... Elements: car…
Foods; sweet potatoes, cooked tuna, tropical fruits, cooked c…
Carbohydrate
Foods; dairy, friut, grains, sugary sweets... Monomer: monosacch…
Lipid
Foods; cheeses, meats, fried foods, milk... Monomer: fatty acids…
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Enzyme Questions
Which of the following is characterist…
Which of the following enzymes would d…
At high temperatures, the rate of enzy…
Which group of organic compounds inclu…
A. They lower the energy of activation of a reaction by bindi…
D. Lipase
B. alters the active site of the enzyme
A. proteins
Which of the following is characterist…
A. They lower the energy of activation of a reaction by bindi…
Which of the following enzymes would d…
D. Lipase
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Vitamin And Mineral Functions
A (retinol)
D (calciferol)
E (tocopherol)
K
Skin cell growth and night vision
Bone growth and increases calcium and phosphorus absorbtion
Antioxidant that prevebts cellular damage
Blood clotting
A (retinol)
Skin cell growth and night vision
D (calciferol)
Bone growth and increases calcium and phosphorus absorbtion
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell structures
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
The material within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
Central cell, forms the basis and growth for a living thing
Enclosed by a membrane, and usually contains fluid
Contains enzymes enclosed in a membrane
Cytoplasm
The material within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
Nucleus
Central cell, forms the basis and growth for a living thing
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Neurocognitive Disorders
Donepezil (Aricept)
Alzheimer's disease... (Stages)
Alzheimer's/Dementia... (Interventions)
DEMENTIA types
•Use: Alzheimer's... •Slows progression in early stages... •Do not…
Stage 1: No apparent SSx ... Stage 2: Forgetfulness ...lose thi…
Re-orient... Establish clear routines... Use simple direct statemen…
Primary dementias are those in which the dementia itself is t…
Donepezil (Aricept)
•Use: Alzheimer's... •Slows progression in early stages... •Do not…
Alzheimer's disease... (Stages)
Stage 1: No apparent SSx ... Stage 2: Forgetfulness ...lose thi…
60 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Midterm Study Guide Vocab
Biology
DNA
Homeostasis
Evolution
scientific study of all forms of life
molecule that stores genetic information in all organism
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Biology
scientific study of all forms of life
DNA
molecule that stores genetic information in all organism
48 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cumulative
Active transport
Alpha Helix
Amino acid
Amphipathic
Transport of solute across a membrane against its gradient (r…
Secondary structure of protein
R-group; building block of protein.
Contain a hydrophobic and hydrophillic region
Active transport
Transport of solute across a membrane against its gradient (r…
Alpha Helix
Secondary structure of protein
51 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 3- Organic Molecules
a molecule composed of the sugar ribos…
the individual subunit of which protei…
one of the nitrogen-containing, single…
a compound composed of carbon, hydroge…
adenosine triphosphate
amino acid
base
carbohydrate
a molecule composed of the sugar ribos…
adenosine triphosphate
the individual subunit of which protei…
amino acid
101 termscreated on December 8, 2016
PLTW Semester 1
Glucagon
Glucose Tolerance Test
Homeostasis
Hormone
a protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
a test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
the maintenance of relatively stable internal physiological c…
a product of living cells that circulates in blood and produc…
Glucagon
a protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
Glucose Tolerance Test
a test of the body's ability to metabolize glucose that invol…
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Unit 8 Vocabulary Biology
fluid mosaic model
homeostasis
phospholipid
plasma membrane
explains various observations regarding the structure of func…
process that living things use to actively maintain fairly st…
a lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule.
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
fluid mosaic model
explains various observations regarding the structure of func…
homeostasis
process that living things use to actively maintain fairly st…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 8 Vocab ethan bequeret
Motor Neurons
Synapse
Neurotransmitter
Neuromuscular junction
neurons that control effectors. they transmit impulses from t…
functional connection between the axon of a neuron and the de…
neurons communicate with the cells that they control by relea…
synapse between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle fiber.
Motor Neurons
neurons that control effectors. they transmit impulses from t…
Synapse
functional connection between the axon of a neuron and the de…
252 termscreated on December 8, 2016
GI Physiology 2
Where are the ganglia of the enteric n…
What is the function of the Enteric Ne…
With regard to the Enteric Nervous Sys…
With regard to the Enteric Nervous Sys…
within submucosal plexus and myenteric plexus
Stimulates or inhibits the digestive system
Contraction of smooth muscle in wall of digestive tract; Incr…
Stimulates the release of gastrin and pancreatic secretions
Where are the ganglia of the enteric n…
within submucosal plexus and myenteric plexus
What is the function of the Enteric Ne…
Stimulates or inhibits the digestive system
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Tour of the Cell
Eukaryotic Cell v. Prokaryotic Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as t…
Surrounded by a double membrane and contains genetic material
Where rRNA transcription and processing, and ribosome assembl…
DNA & protein (less condensed)
Eukaryotic Cell v. Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as t…
Nucleus
Surrounded by a double membrane and contains genetic material
41 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Nutrition Final Review Chapter 6
Amino acids are bound together by a ch…
The side chain of an amino acid differ…
Which of the following amino acids are…
Amino acids found in the amino acid po…
B
A
D
B
Amino acids are bound together by a ch…
B
The side chain of an amino acid differ…
A
180 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Porter Honors Biology Midterm Review
Hypothesis
Theory
Conclusion
Atoms
A possible answer someone develops to answer a question
Something that explains a wide range of observations
A summary based on evidence or facts
The smallest basic unit of matter
Hypothesis
A possible answer someone develops to answer a question
Theory
Something that explains a wide range of observations
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Functional Group/Polymer/Types of Reactions
Alchohol
Amine
Ether
Substitution
R-OH
R-NH3
R-O-R
one or more atoms replace another atom or group in a molecule…
Alchohol
R-OH
Amine
R-NH3
105 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIOLOGY TEST 3.8 - 3.16
what are the compounds grouped togethe…
what do lipids mostly consist of?
besides being hydrophobic, how else do…
what are the three types of lipids?
lipids
carbon and hydrogen atoms linked by nonpolar covalent bonds
they aren't huge macromolecules or polymers built from simila…
fats, phospholipids and steroids
what are the compounds grouped togethe…
lipids
what do lipids mostly consist of?
carbon and hydrogen atoms linked by nonpolar covalent bonds
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Flash cards
Cell parts
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuoles
Short description
Portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Control center of the cell
Store material
Cell parts
Short description
Cytoplasm
Portion of the cell outside the nucleus
205 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Physio Exam 4 T
afferent neurons
Efferent neurons
interneurons/association
neuron
sensory to CNS
away from CNS
b/w sensory and motor neurons in brain & spinal cord; integra…
basic unit of nervous system
afferent neurons
sensory to CNS
Efferent neurons
away from CNS
54 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Developmental Disorders
Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)
Amphetamine salts (Adderall)
Atomoxetine (Strattera)
Bipolar disorder... (Stages)
•Use: ADD/ADHD... •Given QAM... •Re-eval Q3mos... •Drug holiday to ↓ t…
...
•Use: ADD/ADHD... •Monitor heart/liver fn... Side FX:... •Anticholine…
Stage 1: severe depression/mania... Stage 2: mild depression…
Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)
•Use: ADD/ADHD... •Given QAM... •Re-eval Q3mos... •Drug holiday to ↓ t…
Amphetamine salts (Adderall)
...
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIO 1050 CHPT 3
Explain why carbon is unparalleled in…
Define organic compounds, hydrocarbons…
Describe the properties of and disting…
List the four main classes of macromol…
A carbon atom has four electrons in a valence that holds eigh…
Organic compounds: carbon-based molecules. Usually containing…
•The first five groups are called functional groups; they aff…
1.carbohydrates,... 2.lipids,... 3.proteins, and... 4.nucleic acids.…
Explain why carbon is unparalleled in…
A carbon atom has four electrons in a valence that holds eigh…
Define organic compounds, hydrocarbons…
Organic compounds: carbon-based molecules. Usually containing…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
cell parts and functions
nucleus
cellwall
membrane
chromatin
control center of a cell, contains DNA
provides support and protection for plant, algae, and some ba…
thin flexible barrier around the cell
granular material inside the nucleus
nucleus
control center of a cell, contains DNA
cellwall
provides support and protection for plant, algae, and some ba…
62 termscreated on December 8, 2016
CH 7
centrioles
cell membrane
rough endoplasmic reticulum
mitochondrion
A
B
C
D
centrioles
A
cell membrane
B
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
science chapter 6
element
atom
nucleus
isotopes
substance that cant be broken down into simpler chemical subs…
smallest particle of an element
center of an atom
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
substance that cant be broken down into simpler chemical subs…
atom
smallest particle of an element
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Photosynthesis
Organelle that uses sunlight and chlor…
A lipid that absorbs/reflects differen…
Technique in which components of a mix…
Equation for photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Pigment
Chomotography
6O2+6H2O+light=C6H12O6+6O2
Organelle that uses sunlight and chlor…
Chloroplast
A lipid that absorbs/reflects differen…
Pigment
23 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biochem
carbohydrates
carbohydrates
carbohyrdates
carbohydrates
ratio H:0 is 2:1
mono -1 sugar
di- 2 sugars
inorganic- lack h,o
carbohydrates
ratio H:0 is 2:1
carbohydrates
mono -1 sugar
9 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biochemistry: Ketone Bodies, Cholesterol, and Lipoproteins
· Role/use of ketone bodies and choles…
Ketone Bodies and Synthesis
Three Types Important Lipids
What is cholesterol?
...
-Ketone Bodies - produced in liver from acetyl CoA as an alte…
-Phospholipids... --Amphipathic molecules used in cell membranes…
-Cholesterol is required in continuous supply... -Multi-ring str…
· Role/use of ketone bodies and choles…
...
Ketone Bodies and Synthesis
-Ketone Bodies - produced in liver from acetyl CoA as an alte…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio chemistry 1
Lipids
Saturated fats
Carbohydrates
Ph scale
Fats, oils, waxes
Tightly packed bonds, solid at room temperature, animal produ…
Organic compounds that serve as sources for cellular energy-s…
Used to show the relative amounts of acid or base in a solution
Lipids
Fats, oils, waxes
Saturated fats
Tightly packed bonds, solid at room temperature, animal produ…
25 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Anatomy Urinary Question
Renin converts:... A. Angiotensinogen int…
What stimulates the secretion of Atria…
The internal urethral sphincter is com…
Parasympathetic innervation of the Kid…
A. Angiotensinogen into angiotensin I
C. High Blood Pressure
B. Smooth muscle under involuntary control
C. Vagus
Renin converts:... A. Angiotensinogen int…
A. Angiotensinogen into angiotensin I
What stimulates the secretion of Atria…
C. High Blood Pressure
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
DWT: Bacteriology 13: Lecture 12/8/16
_____ inflammation is central necrosis…
classical granulomatous lesions are ca…
M. bovis... causes ____
M. avium... causes ____ diease
granuloumatous
mycobacteria
tuberculosis
Johne's
_____ inflammation is central necrosis…
granuloumatous
classical granulomatous lesions are ca…
mycobacteria
29 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 5 - The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
91 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Final: COMBINED
Chapter 4
What is the cell theory (3)?
Name the three components of the Eukar…
What is tissue (2)?
Chapter 4
1. All living things are composed of cells 2. Cells are the b…
1. Nucleus (membrane-bound) 2. membrane 3. other organelles
Tissue is multiple groups or chains of cells to preform a cer…
Chapter 4
Chapter 4
What is the cell theory (3)?
1. All living things are composed of cells 2. Cells are the b…
32 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Organelles and Their Functions
mitochondria
rough endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
produces energy through cellular respiration
transport and storage
create proteins
creates lipids or fat
mitochondria
produces energy through cellular respiration
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transport and storage
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology- Cells
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear pores
Nucleolus
Stores genetic info
Separates contents of nucleus
Allows things to leave (example: mRNA)
Where ribosomes are made
Nucleus
Stores genetic info
Nuclear envelope
Separates contents of nucleus
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
CH. 9 Vocabulary-Peyton Hollan
Neurons
Dendrites
Axon
Neuroglia
Nerve cells
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Cells that support, insulate, and protect neurons; specialize…
Neurons
Nerve cells
Dendrites
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Humans
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Lipid
Broke down cellular respiration to make ATP, extra is stupid…
Monosaccharides
Glycerol & fatty acid chains
Insulation, energy storage (long term), photo lipid bilayer
Carbohydrate
Broke down cellular respiration to make ATP, extra is stupid…
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharides
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7.3
cell membrane
cell wall
lipid bilayer
concentration
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
flexible double-layered sheet that makes up the cell membrane…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
cell wall
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
K
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Hydrogen bond
Cation
A bond that forms between two atoms with valances that suit t…
Electrons are transferred completely from one atom to another…
A weak electrostatic force that forms between a hydrogen cova…
A positively charged ion
Covalent bond
A bond that forms between two atoms with valances that suit t…
Ionic bond
Electrons are transferred completely from one atom to another…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Fall Final (3)
List the four types of macromolecule
Are macromolecules monomers or polymers?
Macromolecules are made up of?
Monomers for proteins
Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
Polymers
Monomers
Amino acids
List the four types of macromolecule
Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
Are macromolecules monomers or polymers?
Polymers
36 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Anatomy
Longest cell
Largest cell
All cells contain...
Most cells contain...
Nerve cell
Egg
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, organelles, RBC
Nucleus (RBC don't)
Longest cell
Nerve cell
Largest cell
Egg
36 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 2 Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Valence electron
Compound
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Macromolecules
Monomers
Polymers
True or false ...... Carbohydrates are bu…
Carbohydrates have what type of struct…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
True
Long chain of polymers
Monomers
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Polymers
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
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