Study sets matching "liquids chem solids"

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Study sets matching "liquids chem solids"

18 terms
Chemistry liquids and solids
Intermolecular forces
types of intermolecular forces
The stronger the attractive forces the…
Force of attraction between induced di…
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
Ionic ... Dipole-dipole ... Hydrogen Bonding... London dispersion
Boiling point and melting point
London dispersion
Intermolecular forces
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
types of intermolecular forces
Ionic ... Dipole-dipole ... Hydrogen Bonding... London dispersion
Chemistry- Liquids and Solids Test
HCl
nonpolar molecules
CH3OH
H2O
In which of the following will dipole-dipole attractions play…
With which type of substances do London dispersion forces pla…
Which one of the following substances exhibits the strongest…
For which substance would you predict the highest heat of vap…
HCl
In which of the following will dipole-dipole attractions play…
nonpolar molecules
With which type of substances do London dispersion forces pla…
59 terms
Chemistry Solids and Liquids
forces
intramolecularforces
intermolecular
van der Walls Forces
hold things together
hold atoms together in molocules
hold molocules to each other
weak attractive force between the nucleus of one atom and the…
forces
hold things together
intramolecularforces
hold atoms together in molocules
Chemistry Liquids and Solids Vocab
Fluid
Surface Tension
Capillary Action
Vaporization
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surface…
Attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a sol…
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Fluid
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Surface Tension
Force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surface…
Eissens Chemistry 11 "Solids and Liquids"
intermolecular force
dipole-dipole force
Hydrogen bond
Crystalline
attraction between atoms in a substance
attraction between nuclei + electrons in another atom
Attraction of an H atom for an F, Cl, or N atom
Solid with a natural orderly 3D shape
intermolecular force
attraction between atoms in a substance
dipole-dipole force
attraction between nuclei + electrons in another atom
Chemistry: Liquids and Solids
Solid defn
Liquid defn
Gases defn
Water is used for
particles in a fixed position and vibrate against one another
particles flow around one another
particles far apart
-reactions in our body... -moderates Earth's temperature... -medium…
Solid defn
particles in a fixed position and vibrate against one another
Liquid defn
particles flow around one another
25 terms
Chemistry - Ch#11 - Liquids and Solids
Dispersion Force
Dipole Force
Hydrogen Bond
Vapor Pressure
An intermolecular attraction based on temporary dipoles
An intermolecular attraction based on permanent dipoles
The attraction between a H atom bonded to O or N, & a nonbond…
The pressure exerted by gaseous molecules above a liquid in a…
Dispersion Force
An intermolecular attraction based on temporary dipoles
Dipole Force
An intermolecular attraction based on permanent dipoles
8 terms
Chemistry- Solids, Liquids, Gases
Solid -> Liquid
Liquid -> Gas
Liquid -> Solid
Gas -> Liquid
Melting
Boiling/Evaporation
Freezing
Condensing
Solid -> Liquid
Melting
Liquid -> Gas
Boiling/Evaporation
Chemistry - Gasses, liquids, & solids
Gas
Gas
Solid
Liquid
This substance has no definite volume of shape.
The particles in a substance do not interact with each other.
The particles in a substance are held in a rigid structure.
This substance has a definite volume but takes the shape of i…
Gas
This substance has no definite volume of shape.
Gas
The particles in a substance do not interact with each other.
24 terms
Chemistry- Solids and Liquids
Solid
Liquid
IMF (intermolecular force)
Dipole Dipole
- fixed volume... - non-compressible... - fixed shape... - vibrating f…
- fixed volume... - non-compressible... - shape of container... - movi…
forces causing interaction of molecules/atoms
- Polar molecules... - stronger than LDF
Solid
- fixed volume... - non-compressible... - fixed shape... - vibrating f…
Liquid
- fixed volume... - non-compressible... - shape of container... - movi…
50 terms
Chemistry liquids and solids
Intermolecular forces
4 types of intermolecular forces
The stronger the attractive forces the…
Force of attraction between induced di…
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
Ionic ... Covalent ... Dipole-dipole ... London dispersion
Boiling point and melting point
London dispersion
Intermolecular forces
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
4 types of intermolecular forces
Ionic ... Covalent ... Dipole-dipole ... London dispersion
54 terms
Liquids & Solids Chemistry Test
Intermolecular forces
-dispersion forces... -dipole-dipole for…
Disperson Forces
hydrogen bonds
forces between molecules
3 different types of intermolecular forces
weak forces that result from temporary dipoles
an example of a strong diple-dipole force
Intermolecular forces
forces between molecules
-dispersion forces... -dipole-dipole for…
3 different types of intermolecular forces
10 terms
Chemistry - Solids, Liquids, Gases
Solid to liquid
Liquid to gas
Gas to liquid
Liquid to solid
Melting
Evaporation
Condensation
Freezing
Solid to liquid
Melting
Liquid to gas
Evaporation
18 terms
Chemistry: Solids and Liquids
Elements that can make up hydrogen bonds
Type of molecule that can only form Lo…
Heat of Fusion
Heat of Vaporization
H, F, O, N
non-polar
energy required to melt one mole of a substance
energy required to change one mole of liquid to gas
Elements that can make up hydrogen bonds
H, F, O, N
Type of molecule that can only form Lo…
non-polar
22 terms
Chemistry Solids, Liquids and Gases
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Crystalline Solid
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
A state of matter that has NO definite shape, but has a defin…
A state of matter with NO definite shape and NO definite volume
A solid that is made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
Solid
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
Liquid
A state of matter that has NO definite shape, but has a defin…
35 terms
Chemistry solids and liquids
What kind of arrangement of particles…
Are liquids high or low density?
What is surface tension?
What is surface tension due to?
Loose
Low
The resistance of a liquid to increase in surface area
Intermolecular forces
What kind of arrangement of particles…
Loose
Are liquids high or low density?
Low
Chemistry 6: Liquids and Solids
intermolecular forces
phase
condensed phases
molecular potential energy curve
forces between molecules
a form of matter that is uniform throughout in both chemical…
solids and liquids
a curve representing the change in potential energy of molecu…
intermolecular forces
forces between molecules
phase
a form of matter that is uniform throughout in both chemical…
33 terms
AP Chemistry: Liquids and Solids
intermolecular force
intramolecular force
dipole
ion-dipole force
force that exists between molecules
force that holds a molecule together (covalent bond, ionic bo…
polar molecule
-occur between an ion and a polar molecule... -strength depends…
intermolecular force
force that exists between molecules
intramolecular force
force that holds a molecule together (covalent bond, ionic bo…
22 terms
chemistry- solids, liquids and gases
formation of a solid
formation of a liquid
formation of a gas
movement of a solid
particles vibrate on the spot
formation of a solid
formation of a liquid
19 terms
IB Chemistry: Solids and Liquids
fluid
Liquids have relatively ________ densi…
Liquids are ________ compressible than…
Liquids diffuse ________ than gases. W…
substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
high
less, liquid particles are more closely packed together.
slower, closer particles
fluid
substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Liquids have relatively ________ densi…
high
Chemistry Vocab liquids and solids
Amorphous solids
Boiling and boiling point
Calorimetry
Heat
solids with no definite shape
liquid to gas, point where liquid boils
study of heat
form of PE
Amorphous solids
solids with no definite shape
Boiling and boiling point
liquid to gas, point where liquid boils
Chemistry - Liquids & Solids
lowers
Intermolecular Forces
low
high
If altitude goes up, boiling point _____ lowers of rises?
Forces of attraction between particles
Forces are strong vapor pressure - high or low
forces are strong - high or low
lowers
If altitude goes up, boiling point _____ lowers of rises?
Intermolecular Forces
Forces of attraction between particles
17 terms
Chemistry Vocab Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular forces
Van der Waals forces
Dipole-dipole interactions
Hydrogen Bonding
the attractions between molecules
dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding, London Dispersions forces
attractive forces between the positive end of one polar molec…
the attractive force between the hydrogen attached to an elec…
Intermolecular forces
the attractions between molecules
Van der Waals forces
dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding, London Dispersions forces
Chemistry Review: Liquids and Solids
Solid
liquid
gas
crystalline solid
close particles, strong intermolecular forces, inability to f…
not close but not far particles, moderate intermolecular forc…
far particles, weak intermolecular forces, ability to flow, l…
arranged orderly, repeating, & in geometric shapes.
Solid
close particles, strong intermolecular forces, inability to f…
liquid
not close but not far particles, moderate intermolecular forc…
31 terms
Chemistry: Solids, Liquids, Gases
cohesion
heating curve
evaporation
fluid
general term that describes the ability of particles to cling…
graph that shows the temperature changes of a substance as en…
process by which particles of a non-boiling liquid escape the…
any substance whose shape can easily conform to the shape of…
cohesion
general term that describes the ability of particles to cling…
heating curve
graph that shows the temperature changes of a substance as en…
Chemistry Liquids and Solids
vapor pressure
temp vs. vapor pressure
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
boiling point
at equilibrium, the pressure exerted by a liquid remains cons…
as temp increases, so des pressure
ln(P1/P2) = (Hvap/R)*((1/T1)/(1/T2))
a liquid boils at a temp at which its vapor pressure is equal…
vapor pressure
at equilibrium, the pressure exerted by a liquid remains cons…
temp vs. vapor pressure
as temp increases, so des pressure
20 terms
Chemistry Liquids and Solids
Polar Covalent
Polarized
Electronegtivity
Intermolecular Bond
Two atoms do not share electrons, one holds on to the other e…
When the atom holds shared electron more tightly.
The ability of an atom to attract electrons in a chemical bond.
An attraction between molecules. Weaker than intramolecular b…
Polar Covalent
Two atoms do not share electrons, one holds on to the other e…
Polarized
When the atom holds shared electron more tightly.
14 terms
Chemistry: Solids and Liquids
Fluid
Surface Tension
Capillary Action
Vaporization
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquids surface…
Attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a solid
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Fluid
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Surface Tension
Force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquids surface…
24 terms
Chemistry: Liquids and Solids
Gas
Liquid
Solid
Kinetic Molecular Theory
weak attraction force between particles... high kinetic energy
stronger attractive force between particles... lower kinetic ene…
strongest attractive force between particles... lowest kinetic e…
state of a substance at room temperature depends on the stren…
Gas
weak attraction force between particles... high kinetic energy
Liquid
stronger attractive force between particles... lower kinetic ene…
24 terms
Chemistry Liquids & Solids
viscosity
decreases
surface tension
capillary action
resistance to flow; intermolecular forces, size/shape, temp
as temp rises, viscosity
a measure of inward forces that must be overcome to expand th…
liquid climbs up the sides of the tube; caused by adhesive fo…
viscosity
resistance to flow; intermolecular forces, size/shape, temp
decreases
as temp rises, viscosity
50 terms
Chemistry: Liquids, Solids, & Colloids
dipole forces
hydrogen bonding
dispersion forces
surface tension
electrical attractive forces between + end of one polar molec…
unusually strong dipole force that occurs between hydrogen an…
result from temporary dipoles formed in adjacent molecules. S…
the resistance of a liquid to an increase in its surface area
dipole forces
electrical attractive forces between + end of one polar molec…
hydrogen bonding
unusually strong dipole force that occurs between hydrogen an…
8 terms
Honors Chemistry: Solids & Liquids
Vaporization
Condensation
Deposition
Sublimation
Liquid to gas
Gas to liquid
Gas to solid
Solid to gas
Vaporization
Liquid to gas
Condensation
Gas to liquid
Chemistry: Chapter 12: Liquids and Solids
fluid
properties of liquids
surface tension
capillary action
substance that can flow and take the shape of its container,…
relatively high density, relative incompressibility, ability…
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
fluid
substance that can flow and take the shape of its container,…
properties of liquids
relatively high density, relative incompressibility, ability…
Chemistry solids and liquids
Condensed states
Kinetic molecular theory
Intermolecular forces
Induced dipole
Solids and liquids since they have higher densities are ______
The state of a substance at room temperature depends on the s…
The forces of attraction between neighboring molecules
A dipole crrated by the presence of a neighboring dipole
Condensed states
Solids and liquids since they have higher densities are ______
Kinetic molecular theory
The state of a substance at room temperature depends on the s…
66 terms
Chemistry solids/gases/liquids
Sublimation
Melting point
Freezing point
Boiling point
solid turns into a gas without going through a liquid stage.…
the temperature at which a given solid will melt
the temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid when coo…
the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns to vapor
Sublimation
solid turns into a gas without going through a liquid stage.…
Melting point
the temperature at which a given solid will melt
17 terms
Chemistry|liquids and solids
ionic bond qualities
covalent bond qualities
metallic bond qualities
high temperature=
-brittle... -dissolve in water... -high melting+boiling point... -cond…
-low melting+boiling points... -evaporates... -doesn't conduct elec…
-malleable... -ductile... -conductors
more motion of particles
ionic bond qualities
-brittle... -dissolve in water... -high melting+boiling point... -cond…
covalent bond qualities
-low melting+boiling points... -evaporates... -doesn't conduct elec…
5 terms
Chemistry Density of Liquids & Solids
Density is...
Density Procedure (water)
Density Procedure (metals)
Density Procedure (liquid)
Mass per unit of volume ... Mass (g), volume (mL)
1) Weigh 50 mL beaker on a balance ... 2) Pour water into beaker…
1) 5g metal... 2) Weigh metal on balance ... 3) Place metal into 50…
1) Obtain unknown liquid... 2) Weigh clean/dry 10 mL graduated c…
Density is...
Mass per unit of volume ... Mass (g), volume (mL)
Density Procedure (water)
1) Weigh 50 mL beaker on a balance ... 2) Pour water into beaker…
93 terms
AP Chemistry: Liquids/Solids
Intramolecular Bonding
Intermolecular Bonding
Changes in state are due to
Dipole-dipole attraction
Bonding that occurs inside of covalently bonded compounds.
Interactions between particles (atoms, molecules, ions).
Intermolecular bonding
Attraction of molecules having dipole moments for each other…
Intramolecular Bonding
Bonding that occurs inside of covalently bonded compounds.
Intermolecular Bonding
Interactions between particles (atoms, molecules, ions).
55 terms
SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS CHEMISTRY
fluid
surface tension
capillary action
vaporization
a nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
the force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends…
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
the process by which a liquid (or solid) changes to a gas... cha…
fluid
a nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
surface tension
the force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends…
10 terms
Chemistry Liquids, Solids, Solutions
Surface Tension... (Greater IMF= greater…
Capillary actions
Adhesive Forces
Cohesive Forces
Resistance of a liquid to an increase in its surface area.
Spontaneous riaing of a liquid in a narrow tube
IMF between the liquid and container
IMF among the molecules of the liquid
Surface Tension... (Greater IMF= greater…
Resistance of a liquid to an increase in its surface area.
Capillary actions
Spontaneous riaing of a liquid in a narrow tube
Chemistry Solids and Liquids
Liquid to gas below boiling point
Boiling point at 1 atm (101.3 kPa)
Array of particles in a 3D repeating o…
What is required for surface particles…
vaporization
normal boiling point
crystal lattice
minimum kinetic energy
Liquid to gas below boiling point
vaporization
Boiling point at 1 atm (101.3 kPa)
normal boiling point
30 terms
chemistry liquids and solids vocab
fluid
surface tension
capillary action
vaporization
substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surface…
attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a solid
process by which a liquid or solid to a gas
fluid
substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
surface tension
force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surface…
33 terms
Chemistry: Liquids And Solids
solid
liquid
density of water
gas
-definite shape and volume... -high density... -slightly compressib…
definite volume, indefinite shape
-Solid (Ice): 0 C, 1 atm, 0.9168 g/cm3... -Liquid: 25 C, 1 atm,…
-indefinite shape and volume... -low density... -highly compressibl…
solid
-definite shape and volume... -high density... -slightly compressib…
liquid
definite volume, indefinite shape
Liquids and solids chemistry
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Crystalline solid
rigid has fixed volume and shape slightly compressible
Definite volume but no specific shape assumes shape of the co…
No fixed volume and shape easily compressible
Regular repeating structure
Solid
rigid has fixed volume and shape slightly compressible
Liquid
Definite volume but no specific shape assumes shape of the co…
13 terms
Chemistry Solids and Liquids
boiling point
condensation
deposition
evaporation
the temp at which a liquid boils at a fixed pressure
gas or vapor to a liquid
gas to solid without passing through liquid state
liquid to vapor at any temp below its boiling point
boiling point
the temp at which a liquid boils at a fixed pressure
condensation
gas or vapor to a liquid
Solids and Liquids Chemistry Quiz
What two points are the same on a ther…
A crystal's 3-D pattern
Two factors that affect the degree of…
3 Types of Vanderwaals Forces
Melting and freezing points
crystal lattice
temperature and strength of intermolecular forces
hydrogen bonds, dipole-dipole, dispersion forces
What two points are the same on a ther…
Melting and freezing points
A crystal's 3-D pattern
crystal lattice
Chemistry - Solids, Liquids and Gases
Solid
Solid
Liquid
Liquid
Particles in rows, packed tightly
Definate shape
Particles not in rows, still quite close together
Free flowing
Solid
Particles in rows, packed tightly
Solid
Definate shape
31 terms
Chemistry solids,liquids,&gases
kinetic energy
gases
volume
pressure
explanation of properties and behavior of gases
matter having no definite volume or shape
space occupied by matter
force of a gas on the wall of a container
kinetic energy
explanation of properties and behavior of gases
gases
matter having no definite volume or shape
solids and liquids chemistry
vapor
gases and liquids are both fluids..but…
evaporation
liquids loosing particles through evap…
substance that is currently a gas but is usually a liquid or…
intermolecular force that holds molecules together ex h20
change of a liquid to a gas
less kinetic energy
vapor
substance that is currently a gas but is usually a liquid or…
gases and liquids are both fluids..but…
intermolecular force that holds molecules together ex h20
Chemistry Liquids and Solids
sublimation
heat
intermolecular forces
triple point
when a solid changes to a gas, skipping the liquid phase
a form of energy that flows from high temp to low temp
what connects particles
a specific temp and pressure where all 3 forms of matter are…
sublimation
when a solid changes to a gas, skipping the liquid phase
heat
a form of energy that flows from high temp to low temp
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