Study sets matching "liquids solids"

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Study sets matching "liquids solids"

32 terms
Liquids and Solids
Dipoles
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Polar molecules are attracted to...
Gaseous polar molecules show _____ att…
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
Each other, the negative end of one to the positive end of an…
Very little. They are so far apart.
Dipoles
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
Dipole-Dipole Forces
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
13 terms
Solids and Liquids
Solid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Objects that have their own shape
Objects that take the shape of container
Do not have their own shape
Transparent
Solid
Objects that have their own shape
Liquid
Objects that take the shape of container
9 terms
Solids and Liquids
solids and liquids are both made of
similarities between solids and liquid…
Particles in a solid are either
liquids have a different _____ than so…
matter
particles, matter volume, matter
crystalline or amorphous
volume of mixing, viscosity, surface tension
solids and liquids are both made of
matter
similarities between solids and liquid…
particles, matter volume, matter
39 terms
Solids and Liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
The body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape
Matter that has both a definite shape and definite volume
Kinetic Theory
The body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Gases
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
9 terms
Liquids and solids
Melting
Vaporization
Sublimation
Condensation
Solid to Liquid
Liquid to Gas
Solid to Gas
Gas to Liquid
Melting
Solid to Liquid
Vaporization
Liquid to Gas
52 terms
Liquids and Solids
Allow
Amorphous Solid
Atomic Solid
Band Model
...
...
...
...
Allow
...
Amorphous Solid
...
Liquids and solids
Liquid
Solid crystals
Unit cell
Solid
Definite volume and indefinite shape
Atoms that are arranged in a regular repeating geometric patt…
Smallest repeating unit with in crystals vary due to attracti…
Definite volume and shape
Liquid
Definite volume and indefinite shape
Solid crystals
Atoms that are arranged in a regular repeating geometric patt…
29 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces
Chemical Bonds
London Dispersion Forces
Non-polar
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
Instantaneous dipoles that are caused by the motion of electr…
Do LDFs contain polar or non-polar molecules?
Intermolecular Forces
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
Chemical Bonds
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
Liquids and solids
Intramolecular
Intermolecular
London Dispersion Forces (LDF)
Non polar compound
The attraction that results when eectrons are given, taken or…
The attraction of a molecule or particle to another molecule…
Attraction between non polar molecules
LDF
Intramolecular
The attraction that results when eectrons are given, taken or…
Intermolecular
The attraction of a molecule or particle to another molecule…
20 terms
Liquids and Solids
Liquid and Solid particles are in cons…
Forces of attraction keep liquid parti…
______ attractive force holds particle…
ability to flow
motion and limited
flowing and fixed
strong and vibration
fludity
Liquid and Solid particles are in cons…
motion and limited
Forces of attraction keep liquid parti…
flowing and fixed
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
Between two dipoles, responsible for h…
Not really bonds but strong forces, st…
The intermolecular attractions resulti…
the attraction between molecules
Dipole-Dipile
Hydrogen Bonds
London Dispersion
Intermolecular Forces
the attraction between molecules
Between two dipoles, responsible for h…
Dipole-Dipile
Liquids and solids
Crystalline solids
Amorphous solid
Lattice
Unit cell
Solids with highly regular arrangement of their components
Solids with considerable disorder in their structures
A 3-D system of points designated in the position of the comp…
Smallest repeating units of the lattice structure
Crystalline solids
Solids with highly regular arrangement of their components
Amorphous solid
Solids with considerable disorder in their structures
26 terms
Liquids and solids
Solids
Liquids
Gases
All
Vibrate in place
Move over each other
Move freely
Which states diffuse
Solids
Vibrate in place
Liquids
Move over each other
18 terms
Solids and Liquids
Crystalline solids (crystals)
Unit cell
Lattice
Amorphous
Particles making up the solid are arranged in an orderly, rep…
Units that make up the crystal
Pattern formed by unit cells
No crystalline shape
Crystalline solids (crystals)
Particles making up the solid are arranged in an orderly, rep…
Unit cell
Units that make up the crystal
40 terms
Solids and liquids
Molecular motion
Vibrational
Rotational
Translational
Vibrational... Rotational... Translational
Moves up and down
Spin around
One point to another
Molecular motion
Vibrational... Rotational... Translational
Vibrational
Moves up and down
17 terms
Liquids and Solids
Liquid Boiling temp.
Critical temperature
Triple Point
Sublimation
Liquid boils at a temperature at which its vapor pressure is…
Temperature at which liquid phase of a pure substance cannot…
Point at which all 3 phases, solid liquid gas can exist
Process by which substance goes from solid to gas without goi…
Liquid Boiling temp.
Liquid boils at a temperature at which its vapor pressure is…
Critical temperature
Temperature at which liquid phase of a pure substance cannot…
Liquids and solids
Amorphous Solid
Crystalline Solid
Boiling point
Evaporation
Solid made of particles that have no certain pattern
Solid made of particles that are in certain patterns that rep…
The temperature when water reaches enough heat to boil
The process when a liquid surface turns into a gas
Amorphous Solid
Solid made of particles that have no certain pattern
Crystalline Solid
Solid made of particles that are in certain patterns that rep…
40 terms
Liquids and solids
Kinetic theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
a liquid substance
firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid.
Kinetic theory
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Gases
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
15 terms
Solids and liquids
Amorphous liquid
Boiling point
Condensation
Condensed state
A solid that lacks the long range order of a crystal
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equ…
change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into liqu…
branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of…
Amorphous liquid
A solid that lacks the long range order of a crystal
Boiling point
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equ…
Liquids and Solids
solid, liquid, gas
phase change
melting
freezing
the three states of matter
when matter is converted from one physical state to another
solid to liquid
liquid to solid
solid, liquid, gas
the three states of matter
phase change
when matter is converted from one physical state to another
Liquids and Solids
London Dispersion Forces
increasing boiling point
3 main types of IMF
Dipole-Dipole Forces
-weakest imf... -nonpolar and polar... -higher boiling point... -stren…
LDF<DD<HB
London Dispersion Forces... Dipole-Dipole Forces... Hydrogen Bonding
-present in polar substances... -higher melting and boiling points
London Dispersion Forces
-weakest imf... -nonpolar and polar... -higher boiling point... -stren…
increasing boiling point
LDF<DD<HB
39 terms
Liquids and Solids
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
no definite shape
no definite volume
slightly compressible
slow diffusion
liquid
no definite shape
liquid
no definite volume
32 terms
Liquids and Solids
intermolecular forces
intramolecular forces
3 intermolecular forces
London Dispersion Forces
Attractive forces that exist between molecules, LDF, DD, HB (…
bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together, co…
LDF, DD, HB
attraction between 2 instantaneous dipoles, asymmetrical elec…
intermolecular forces
Attractive forces that exist between molecules, LDF, DD, HB (…
intramolecular forces
bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together, co…
23 terms
Solids and Liquids
Avagadro's Hypothesis
Standard Volume
Avagadro's Number
Mole
States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
22.4 L
6.02x10^23
A group of atoms bonded together
Avagadro's Hypothesis
States that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature an…
Standard Volume
22.4 L
# 3 - Solids Liquids Gases
solid
gas
liquid
gas
Is a brick a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
Is helium inside balloons a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
Is gasoline a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
Is air a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
solid
Is a brick a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
gas
Is helium inside balloons a solid, a liquid, or a gas?
32 terms
Liquids and Solids
Fluid
Surface tension
Capillary action
Vaporization
is a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of…
is a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's su…
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
liquids or solids change to gases.
Fluid
is a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of…
Surface tension
is a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's su…
39 terms
Liquids and Solids
dipole dipole
london dispersion forces
dipole
polarizability
polar molecules, eg. HCl
nonpolar molecules
polar molecule (1 + end, 1 - end
how easy it is for the electron cloud around atom/molecule to…
dipole dipole
polar molecules, eg. HCl
london dispersion forces
nonpolar molecules
12 terms
Solids and Liquids
Air
Flexible
Gas
Liquid
A mixture og gases that we breathe
Describes something that is bendy or rubbery; not rigid. It i…
Matter that can't be seen but is all around. Air is an example.
Matter that flows freely and takes the shape of its container.
Air
A mixture og gases that we breathe
Flexible
Describes something that is bendy or rubbery; not rigid. It i…
Liquids and Solids
Normal boiling point
Critical pressure
Critical temperature
Deposition
The temperature at which the vapor pressure equals 1 atm.
The pressure at the critical temperature; the highest vapor p…
The highest temperature at which a substance can exhibit liqu…
The opposite of sublimation, the phase transition from the va…
Normal boiling point
The temperature at which the vapor pressure equals 1 atm.
Critical pressure
The pressure at the critical temperature; the highest vapor p…
15 terms
Liquids and Solids
attractive forces between dipoles
polarizability
normal alkanes
cohesive forces
(δ+)(δ-)... F = ----------... r²
the ease with which the electron distribution in the atom or…
methane CH₄... ethane C₂H₆... propane C₃H₈... butane C₄H₁₀... ...
attractions between identical molecules in the liquid... ∩ curve…
attractive forces between dipoles
(δ+)(δ-)... F = ----------... r²
polarizability
the ease with which the electron distribution in the atom or…
18 terms
Solids and Liquids
ion-dipole forces
dipole-dipole forces
hydrogen bonding
dipole-induced dipole
ions and molecules
polar and polar
polar and polar, ONF
polar and non polar
ion-dipole forces
ions and molecules
dipole-dipole forces
polar and polar
108 terms
Liquids and Solids
Kinetic molecular theory
The kinetic molecular theory explains…
Highest energy
Middle energy
Particles of matter are always in motion
Energy of particles and attractive forces between particles
Gas
Liquid
Kinetic molecular theory
Particles of matter are always in motion
The kinetic molecular theory explains…
Energy of particles and attractive forces between particles
Liquids and Solids
Viscosity
Surface Tension
Capillary actuon
Adhesive forces
Resistence to flow. Dependent on 3 things: 1) intermolecular…
A measure of the inward forces that must be overcome to expan…
When one end of a thin tube is immersed in a liquid, the liqu…
Attraction between a liquid and another surface
Viscosity
Resistence to flow. Dependent on 3 things: 1) intermolecular…
Surface Tension
A measure of the inward forces that must be overcome to expan…
13 terms
solids and liquids
Entropy
Intermolecular Forces
Hydrogen Bonding
Dipole-Dipole
lack of order,disorganization
Dipole-Dipole,hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces
attraction between hydrogen and lone pair of electrons, stron…
attraction between oppositely charged regions
Entropy
lack of order,disorganization
Intermolecular Forces
Dipole-Dipole,hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces
114 terms
liquids and solids
solid to liquid
liquid to gas
viscosity
surface tension
fusion... melting
vaporization... boiling
resistance to motion of a liquid
the inward force or pull which tends to minimize the surface…
solid to liquid
fusion... melting
liquid to gas
vaporization... boiling
38 terms
Liquids and Solids
Kinetic theory
Gasses
Solids
Intermolecular force
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
Solids are one of the three states of matter and, unlike liqu…
forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
Kinetic theory
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Gasses
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
36 terms
Liquids and Solids
Fluid
Liquids
Capillary Action
Surface Tension
A substance that can flow and take the shape of its container
-Relatively High Density... -Relative Imcompressibility... -Ability…
Attraction to the surface of a liquid to the surface of a solid
A force that pulls adjacent parts of liquid's surface togethe…
Fluid
A substance that can flow and take the shape of its container
Liquids
-Relatively High Density... -Relative Imcompressibility... -Ability…
40 terms
Solids and liquids
Ionic
Hydrogen bonds
Dipole-dipole forces
Ion-dipole
attractive forces between the positive end of one polar molec…
process or characteristic limited within the structure of a s…
forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
formed by the electrostatic attraction of oppositely charged…
Ionic
attractive forces between the positive end of one polar molec…
Hydrogen bonds
process or characteristic limited within the structure of a s…
47 terms
Liquids and solids
Resistance to flow
As temp rises viscosity
A measure of the inward force that mus…
When one end of a thin tube is immerse…
Viscosity
Decreases
Surface tension
Capillary action
Resistance to flow
Viscosity
As temp rises viscosity
Decreases
12 terms
Solids and Liquids
boiling point
condensation
deposition
evaporation
the temp at which a liquid boils at fixed pressure
gas to liquid
gas to solid
liquid to gas
boiling point
the temp at which a liquid boils at fixed pressure
condensation
gas to liquid
Liquids and Solids
a chemical bond is
the physical properties of gases, liqu…
water has a higher boiling point than…
an ionic solid will be
a bond between atoms in a molecule, always stronger than a fo…
the strength of attractive forces
it has strong hydrogen bonds
hard and brittle with a high melting point
a chemical bond is
a bond between atoms in a molecule, always stronger than a fo…
the physical properties of gases, liqu…
the strength of attractive forces
Liquids and solids
Lattice point at each of corners
Lattice point at the center if unit ce…
Lattice point at each face and corner
Primitive cube atoms and coordination #
Primitive cube
Body centered cube
Face centered cube
1 atom; 6
Lattice point at each of corners
Primitive cube
Lattice point at the center if unit ce…
Body centered cube
27 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intramolecular bond
Intermolecular forces
London dispersion forces
Polarizability
Atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing electrons
Weak interactions between molecules which cause a condensed s…
Fluctuating dipole, weak, all molecules, random movement of e…
Indicated the ease in which the electron cloud of an atom or…
Intramolecular bond
Atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing electrons
Intermolecular forces
Weak interactions between molecules which cause a condensed s…
16 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
dipole-dipole attraction
London Dispersion Forces
Forces in between molecules
Inside molecules (atoms)
positive end/ negative end
weak; uneven distribution of electrons
Intermolecular Forces
Forces in between molecules
Intramolecular Forces
Inside molecules (atoms)
11 terms
Solids and liquids
Amorphous solid
Boiling point
condensation
condensed state
Any noncrystalline solid in which the atoms and molecules are…
the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns into vapor
water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid…
the solid and liquid states
Amorphous solid
Any noncrystalline solid in which the atoms and molecules are…
Boiling point
the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns into vapor
17 terms
Liquids and solids
Vaporization
Evaporation
Boiling
Freezing
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Process by which particles escape from the surface of a non b…
Change of a liquid to bubbles of vapor
Temp at which pure liquid changes to a crystalline solid
Vaporization
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Evaporation
Process by which particles escape from the surface of a non b…
Liquids and Solids
metal and non metal
metal and metal
Forces Between Particles: weak
Forces Between Particles: moderate
ionic
covalent
gas
liquid
metal and non metal
ionic
metal and metal
covalent
Solids and Liquids
Crystalline solids (crystals)
Unit cell
Lattice
Amorphous
Particles making up the solid are arranged in an orderly, rep…
Units that make up the crystal
Pattern formed by unit cells
No crystalline shape
Crystalline solids (crystals)
Particles making up the solid are arranged in an orderly, rep…
Unit cell
Units that make up the crystal
23 terms
Liquids and Solids
normal boiling point
heating/cooling curve
normal freezing point
intramolecular forces
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ex…
a plot of temperature versus time for a substance, where ener…
the melting/freezing point of a solid at a total pressure of…
bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
normal boiling point
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ex…
heating/cooling curve
a plot of temperature versus time for a substance, where ener…
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces (IMF)
London Dispersion Forces (LDF)
Dipole-Dipole
Hydrogen Bonding
Attractions between two or more molecules
The weakest force, present in all molecules, polarizibility (…
For polar (non-symmetrical) covalent bonds
When a hydrogen is bonding with carbon, nitrogen, or oxygen
Intermolecular Forces (IMF)
Attractions between two or more molecules
London Dispersion Forces (LDF)
The weakest force, present in all molecules, polarizibility (…
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