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Study sets matching "liquids solids"

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Study sets matching "liquids solids"

21 terms
Liquids and Solids
solid, liquid, gas
phase change
melting
freezing
the three states of matter
when matter is converted from one physical state to another
solid to liquid
liquid to solid
solid, liquid, gas
the three states of matter
phase change
when matter is converted from one physical state to another
18 terms
Liquids and Solids
London Dispersion Forces
increasing boiling point
3 main types of IMF
Dipole-Dipole Forces
-weakest imf... -nonpolar and polar... -higher boiling point... -stren…
LDF<DD<HB
London Dispersion Forces... Dipole-Dipole Forces... Hydrogen Bonding
-present in polar substances... -higher melting and boiling points
London Dispersion Forces
-weakest imf... -nonpolar and polar... -higher boiling point... -stren…
increasing boiling point
LDF<DD<HB
17 terms
Liquids and solids
Allotropes
Amorphous solid
Boiling
Boiling point
A structurally differentiated form of an element
A solid which does not exhibit a crystalline structure
The transition of a liquid into a gas at the boiling point
The temperature at a liquid is vapor pressure equals the pres…
Allotropes
A structurally differentiated form of an element
Amorphous solid
A solid which does not exhibit a crystalline structure
32 terms
Liquids and Solids
Fluid
Surface tension
Capillary action
Vaporization
is a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of…
is a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's su…
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
liquids or solids change to gases.
Fluid
is a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of…
Surface tension
is a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's su…
24 terms
Solids + Liquids
Intramolecular
Intermolecular
Symmetry
Dispersion forces
Forces holding atoms together inside a molecule
Attractions and repulsions between neighboring molecules
Electrons arent shared equally but they cancel each other out
Weak/ temporary forces with uneven electron distribution
Intramolecular
Forces holding atoms together inside a molecule
Intermolecular
Attractions and repulsions between neighboring molecules
39 terms
Liquids and Solids
dipole dipole
london dispersion forces
dipole
polarizability
polar molecules, eg. HCl
nonpolar molecules
polar molecule (1 + end, 1 - end
how easy it is for the electron cloud around atom/molecule to…
dipole dipole
polar molecules, eg. HCl
london dispersion forces
nonpolar molecules
12 terms
Solids and Liquids
Air
Flexible
Gas
Liquid
A mixture og gases that we breathe
Describes something that is bendy or rubbery; not rigid. It i…
Matter that can't be seen but is all around. Air is an example.
Matter that flows freely and takes the shape of its container.
Air
A mixture og gases that we breathe
Flexible
Describes something that is bendy or rubbery; not rigid. It i…
14 terms
Liquids and Solids
Normal boiling point
Critical pressure
Critical temperature
Deposition
The temperature at which the vapor pressure equals 1 atm.
The pressure at the critical temperature; the highest vapor p…
The highest temperature at which a substance can exhibit liqu…
The opposite of sublimation, the phase transition from the va…
Normal boiling point
The temperature at which the vapor pressure equals 1 atm.
Critical pressure
The pressure at the critical temperature; the highest vapor p…
40 terms
Liquids and solids
Kinetic theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
a liquid substance
firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid.
Kinetic theory
the body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Gases
an airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
18 terms
Solids and Liquids
ion-dipole forces
dipole-dipole forces
hydrogen bonding
dipole-induced dipole
ions and molecules
polar and polar
polar and polar, ONF
polar and non polar
ion-dipole forces
ions and molecules
dipole-dipole forces
polar and polar
108 terms
Liquids and Solids
Kinetic molecular theory
The kinetic molecular theory explains…
Highest energy
Middle energy
Particles of matter are always in motion
Energy of particles and attractive forces between particles
Gas
Liquid
Kinetic molecular theory
Particles of matter are always in motion
The kinetic molecular theory explains…
Energy of particles and attractive forces between particles
41 terms
Solids and liquids
Definite volume indefinite shape
Lower kenitic energy than gas
Higher density than gas
Compressible
Lquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Definite volume indefinite shape
Lquid
Lower kenitic energy than gas
Liquid
13 terms
solids and liquids
Entropy
Intermolecular Forces
Hydrogen Bonding
Dipole-Dipole
lack of order,disorganization
Dipole-Dipole,hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces
attraction between hydrogen and lone pair of electrons, stron…
attraction between oppositely charged regions
Entropy
lack of order,disorganization
Intermolecular Forces
Dipole-Dipole,hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces
47 terms
Liquids and solids
Resistance to flow
As temp rises viscosity
A measure of the inward force that mus…
When one end of a thin tube is immerse…
Viscosity
Decreases
Surface tension
Capillary action
Resistance to flow
Viscosity
As temp rises viscosity
Decreases
8 terms
Solids and Liquids
Body centered cubic... number of atoms....
Face centered cubic... number of atoms....
Rock-Salt structure... coordination numbe…
Cesium chloride structure... coordination…
2
4
....(6,6)... .......medium, in between radius ration of .4 and .…
...(8,8)... ......large, radius ratio of more than .7... .....1-D s…
Body centered cubic... number of atoms....
2
Face centered cubic... number of atoms....
4
14 terms
Solids & Liquids
What is a vapor
What is an isomorphous solid
Define melting point
What is a crystal lattice
Any substance that should be a liquid or a solid at room temp…
Substances who's crystal shape and structure are the same
Temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the atmos…
The repeating pattern of unit cells
What is a vapor
Any substance that should be a liquid or a solid at room temp…
What is an isomorphous solid
Substances who's crystal shape and structure are the same
18 terms
Solids and Liquids
Two types of solids
Crystalline Solids
Unit Cell
Lattice
Crystalline and amorphous
(Crystals) particles making up the solid are arranged in an o…
Units that make up the crystal
Pattern formed by the unit cells
Two types of solids
Crystalline and amorphous
Crystalline Solids
(Crystals) particles making up the solid are arranged in an o…
11 terms
Solids and liquids
Amorphous solid
Boiling point
condensation
condensed state
Any noncrystalline solid in which the atoms and molecules are…
the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns into vapor
water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid…
the solid and liquid states
Amorphous solid
Any noncrystalline solid in which the atoms and molecules are…
Boiling point
the temperature at which a liquid boils and turns into vapor
8 terms
Liquids and Solids
metal and non metal
metal and metal
Forces Between Particles: weak
Forces Between Particles: moderate
ionic
covalent
gas
liquid
metal and non metal
ionic
metal and metal
covalent
23 terms
Liquids and Solids
normal boiling point
heating/cooling curve
normal freezing point
intramolecular forces
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ex…
a plot of temperature versus time for a substance, where ener…
the melting/freezing point of a solid at a total pressure of…
bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
normal boiling point
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ex…
heating/cooling curve
a plot of temperature versus time for a substance, where ener…
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces (IMF)
London Dispersion Forces (LDF)
Dipole-Dipole
Hydrogen Bonding
Attractions between two or more molecules
The weakest force, present in all molecules, polarizibility (…
For polar (non-symmetrical) covalent bonds
When a hydrogen is bonding with carbon, nitrogen, or oxygen
Intermolecular Forces (IMF)
Attractions between two or more molecules
London Dispersion Forces (LDF)
The weakest force, present in all molecules, polarizibility (…
12 terms
Liquids And Solids
Liquid
Gas
Matter
Compound
Matter that has volume but takes the shape of its container.
Matter that does not have a defined shape or volume.
Something that has mass and takes up space.
Substance made up of two or more elements.
Liquid
Matter that has volume but takes the shape of its container.
Gas
Matter that does not have a defined shape or volume.
56 terms
solids and liquids
activated complex
activation energy
amorphous solid
boiling
a high energy transitional structure in a chemical reaction w…
Energy needed to get a reaction started
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
The point at which a liquid boils and turns to vapor
activated complex
a high energy transitional structure in a chemical reaction w…
activation energy
Energy needed to get a reaction started
46 terms
Liquids and solids
Properties of liquids
Kinetic molecular theory of liquids
Fluid
Surface tension
Definite volume, flow, high density compared to gases, incomp…
Constant motion, molecules are close together,Noreen's of att…
A substance that can flow and can take the shape of the conta…
A force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
Properties of liquids
Definite volume, flow, high density compared to gases, incomp…
Kinetic molecular theory of liquids
Constant motion, molecules are close together,Noreen's of att…
19 terms
Liquids and Solids
Evaporation
Boiling
Equilibrium
Equilibrium Vapor Pressure
Vaporization that occurs only at the surface of a non-boiling…
Vaporization that occurs within the liquid when the equilibri…
A dynamic condition in which two opposing physical or chemica…
The pressure exerted by the moles of a vapor which are in equ…
Evaporation
Vaporization that occurs only at the surface of a non-boiling…
Boiling
Vaporization that occurs within the liquid when the equilibri…
36 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular forces between molecule…
Definition of an induced dipole
The strength of LD forces ↑ as _____ ↑
The only kind of attractive force betw…
State of matter
A temporary imbalance of charge
Mass
London Dispersion
Intermolecular forces between molecule…
State of matter
Definition of an induced dipole
A temporary imbalance of charge
8 terms
Solids and Liquids
Greater forces (viscosity)
Greater forces (surface tension)
Greater forces (heat of vaporization)
Greater forces (boiling point)
Greater
Greater
Greater
Higher
Greater forces (viscosity)
Greater
Greater forces (surface tension)
Greater
19 terms
Liquids and Solids
Solutions
Ease of Dissolution depends on...
Heat of Solution
Dissolution of Solids and Liquids
solute = gets dissolved... solvent = does dissolving... -solutions…
a) the change in energy (enthalpy) - more exothermic the diss…
Heat of solution = the change in energy when a solution forms…
how easily a solute dissolves depends largely on crystal latt…
Solutions
solute = gets dissolved... solvent = does dissolving... -solutions…
Ease of Dissolution depends on...
a) the change in energy (enthalpy) - more exothermic the diss…
54 terms
Solids and liquids
Ion dipole
Dipole dipole
Hydrogen bonding
Dipole induced dipole
Interactions between ions and molecules with a permanent dipo…
Interactions between molecules with a dipole (polar molecule…
An extreme form of dipole-dipole interaction where one atom i…
Interaction between a polar molecule and a nonpolar molecule
Ion dipole
Interactions between ions and molecules with a permanent dipo…
Dipole dipole
Interactions between molecules with a dipole (polar molecule…
76 terms
Liquids & Solids
What are intermolecular forces?
The stronger the attractive force, the…
What are the three types of intermolec…
What is a temporary dipole?
They force the attraction between neighboring particles. (For…
higher
Dispersion forces, dipole-dipole forces, and hydrogen bonds.
It is possible for an atom to shift the density of electrons…
What are intermolecular forces?
They force the attraction between neighboring particles. (For…
The stronger the attractive force, the…
higher
10 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Dipole-dipole Attraction
Hydrogen Bonding
Bonds between molecules.
Bonds within a molecule.
Intermolecular forces between polar molecules.
A dipole-dipole bond that consists of F, O, or N along with a…
Intermolecular Forces
Bonds between molecules.
Intramolecular Forces
Bonds within a molecule.
34 terms
Solids and Liquids
electronegativity
condensed states of matter
Kinetic theory
Intermolecular Attractions
an atoms attraction for electrons in a covalent bond
solids and liquids
the state of a substance at room temperature depends on the s…
force of attraction between molecules
electronegativity
an atoms attraction for electrons in a covalent bond
condensed states of matter
solids and liquids
79 terms
Solids and Liquids
Convection
Conduction
Radiation
A state of matter is essentially
heat transfer by movement
heat transfer by contact
heat transfer by light waves
•The distance between the constituent units.... •The attractive…
Convection
heat transfer by movement
Conduction
heat transfer by contact
20 terms
Liquids and Solids
crystal
amorphous solids
crystal lattice
4 types of crystals
a substance in which particles are arranged in an orderly, ge…
solids in which particles are arranged randomly
the total 3D array of points that describes the arrangement o…
- ionic crystal ... - covalent network crystal... - metallic crysta…
crystal
a substance in which particles are arranged in an orderly, ge…
amorphous solids
solids in which particles are arranged randomly
11 terms
liquids and solids
sublimation
intermolecular forces
triple point
melting point
some liquids go directly to gas when heated
the sum of all of the forces between two neighboring molecules
a specific pressure and temperature where a substance exists…
temperature where a solid changes to a liquid
sublimation
some liquids go directly to gas when heated
intermolecular forces
the sum of all of the forces between two neighboring molecules
13 terms
Solids and Liquids
intermolecular forces
surface tension
capillary action
cohesive
attractions that occur between separate molecules/ atoms
amount of energy required to stretch or increase the surface…
liquids climb up a tube due to cohesive and adhesive forces (…
attraction of like molecules
intermolecular forces
attractions that occur between separate molecules/ atoms
surface tension
amount of energy required to stretch or increase the surface…
36 terms
Liquids and Solids
Fluid
Liquids
Capillary Action
Surface Tension
A substance that can flow and take the shape of its container
-Relatively High Density... -Relative Imcompressibility... -Ability…
Attraction to the surface of a liquid to the surface of a solid
A force that pulls adjacent parts of liquid's surface togethe…
Fluid
A substance that can flow and take the shape of its container
Liquids
-Relatively High Density... -Relative Imcompressibility... -Ability…
27 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intramolecular bond
Intermolecular forces
London dispersion forces
Polarizability
Atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing electrons
Weak interactions between molecules which cause a condensed s…
Fluctuating dipole, weak, all molecules, random movement of e…
Indicated the ease in which the electron cloud of an atom or…
Intramolecular bond
Atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing electrons
Intermolecular forces
Weak interactions between molecules which cause a condensed s…
16 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
dipole-dipole attraction
London Dispersion Forces
Forces in between molecules
Inside molecules (atoms)
positive end/ negative end
weak; uneven distribution of electrons
Intermolecular Forces
Forces in between molecules
Intramolecular Forces
Inside molecules (atoms)
17 terms
Liquids and solids
Vaporization
Evaporation
Boiling
Freezing
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Process by which particles escape from the surface of a non b…
Change of a liquid to bubbles of vapor
Temp at which pure liquid changes to a crystalline solid
Vaporization
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Evaporation
Process by which particles escape from the surface of a non b…
34 terms
Solids and Liquids
van der Waals forces
dipole-dipole interaction
hydrogen bond
dispersion (London) force
a general term for intermolecular forces including dipole-dip…
the attraction of the positive end of one polar molecule to t…
the electrostatic attraction between an unshared pair of elec…
an electrostatic attraction that arises between atoms or mole…
van der Waals forces
a general term for intermolecular forces including dipole-dip…
dipole-dipole interaction
the attraction of the positive end of one polar molecule to t…
9 terms
Liquids and solids
Melting
Vaporization
Sublimation
Condensation
Solid to Liquid
Liquid to Gas
Solid to Gas
Gas to Liquid
Melting
Solid to Liquid
Vaporization
Liquid to Gas
32 terms
Liquids and solids
Ionic bonds
Metallic bond
Covalent bond
Intermolecular forces
Very strong, solid at room temperature, crystal lattice, tran…
Strong, most are sold at room temperature, malleable, ductile…
Vary, based on intermolecular forces of attraction, stronger…
Dispersion, dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding, between neighbor…
Ionic bonds
Very strong, solid at room temperature, crystal lattice, tran…
Metallic bond
Strong, most are sold at room temperature, malleable, ductile…
31 terms
Liquids and Solids
Condensed States
According to the Kinetic Molecular The…
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Substances in this state have substation ally higher densitie…
The state of a substance at room temperature depends on the s…
Forces that exist inside of the molecule
The force of attraction between neighboring molecules
Condensed States
Substances in this state have substation ally higher densitie…
According to the Kinetic Molecular The…
The state of a substance at room temperature depends on the s…
12 terms
Liquids and Solids
Gas
Liquid
Solid
According to KMT, the state of matter…
Particle Arrangement: very spread out ... Compressibility: High…
Particle Arrangement: moderately close together ... Compressibil…
Particle Arrangement: close together ... Compressibility: Very s…
the strength of attractive forces between particles
Gas
Particle Arrangement: very spread out ... Compressibility: High…
Liquid
Particle Arrangement: moderately close together ... Compressibil…
22 terms
Solids and liquids
Solid
Liquid
Fluid
Surface tension
A substance having a definite shape and volume.
A substance having a definite volume but no definite shape
A liquid or a gas that can flow easily
The result of an inward pull among the molecules of a liquid…
Solid
A substance having a definite shape and volume.
Liquid
A substance having a definite volume but no definite shape
34 terms
Solids and Liquids
High Boiling Point
Low Freezing Point
Small Vapor P
Great Viscosity
↑ amount of intermolecular forces
↓ amount of intermolecular forces
↑ amount of IMF
↑ amount of IMF
High Boiling Point
↑ amount of intermolecular forces
Low Freezing Point
↓ amount of intermolecular forces
78 terms
Liquids and Solids
intermolecular forces
weaker
higher
dipole-dipole forces
forces of attraction between neighboring particles
intermolecular forces are --- than bonding forces
the stronger the attractive intermolecular forces, the --- th…
occur when the positive end of one molecule is attracted to t…
intermolecular forces
forces of attraction between neighboring particles
weaker
intermolecular forces are --- than bonding forces
13 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular forces
London Dispersion forces
Dipole-Dipole attractions
Hydrogen bonding
attractions between 2 or more molecules
(covalent)... weakest... electrical attractions caused by the motio…
between two poles... not as much movement ... one side always negat…
different polar molecules... molecules with hydrogen bonded to N…
Intermolecular forces
attractions between 2 or more molecules
London Dispersion forces
(covalent)... weakest... electrical attractions caused by the motio…
10 terms
Liquids and solids
Liquid
Solid crystals
Unit cell
Solid
Definite volume and indefinite shape
Atoms that are arranged in a regular repeating geometric patt…
Smallest repeating unit with in crystals vary due to attracti…
Definite volume and shape
Liquid
Definite volume and indefinite shape
Solid crystals
Atoms that are arranged in a regular repeating geometric patt…
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