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Study sets matching "liver dz"

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Study sets matching "liver dz"

22 terms
liver dz
common cause of portal hypertension is…
ascities (accumulation of fluid in the…
most common cause of death of someone…
accumulation of excess fluid i nthe *p…
cirrhosis
portal hypertension
esophageal varicies
ascities
common cause of portal hypertension is…
cirrhosis
ascities (accumulation of fluid in the…
portal hypertension
20 terms
Liver dz
Liver vasculature
Liver functions
common liver manifestations
liver dz SH
hepatic a. gives O2 blood to the liver. Portal venous system…
1. Bile synthesis... 2. coagulation (synthesis of prothrombin, f…
-constitutional sxs... -change in skin, stool or urine color. ... -…
1. alcohol, IV drug use.... 2. recent travel... 3. exposure to othe…
Liver vasculature
hepatic a. gives O2 blood to the liver. Portal venous system…
Liver functions
1. Bile synthesis... 2. coagulation (synthesis of prothrombin, f…
35 terms
Liver Dz
What is the MC form of primary liver c…
What are RF for HCC?
What is screening test for HCC?
What are work-up labs for HCC?
hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
Hep B/C... cirrhosis
abdominal US Q6 months
alpha fetoprotein... albumin - low... CBC - thrombocytopenia... coags…
What is the MC form of primary liver c…
hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
What are RF for HCC?
Hep B/C... cirrhosis
31 terms
34: Liver Dz Pathology
lobule in liver consists of multiple _…
acinus consists of __ and adjacent cen…
normal liver histology
sinusoidal blood flow vs flow of bile
portal tracks
a portal track
lobule in liver consists of multiple _…
portal tracks
acinus consists of __ and adjacent cen…
a portal track
92 terms
Equine Med- Liver dz
What is the structure like of the equi…
What are the functions of the liver?
What kinds of plasma proteins are made?
When a horse has liver dz and hypoalbu…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
90% of them!... fibrinogen... clotting factors... albumin
end stage liver dz... (try to r/o other causes of low albumin)
What is the structure like of the equi…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
What are the functions of the liver?
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
93 terms
Equine Med- Liver dz
What is the structure like of the equi…
What are the functions of the liver?
What kinds of plasma proteins are made?
When a horse has liver dz and hypoalbu…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
90% of them!... fibrinogen... clotting factors... albumin
end stage liver dz... (try to r/o other causes of low albumin)
What is the structure like of the equi…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
What are the functions of the liver?
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
76 terms
Cirrhosis and liver dz, pancreatic dz
How many cc of fluid can premenopausal…
MC cause ascites
3 other causes of ascites
symptom common in early ascites
20
portal HTN second to chronic liver disease
malignancy... infection... budd chiari syndrome
early sateity
How many cc of fluid can premenopausal…
20
MC cause ascites
portal HTN second to chronic liver disease
41 terms
Equine Med- Liver dz
What is the structure like of the equi…
What are the functions of the liver?
What kinds of plasma proteins are made?
When a horse has liver dz and hypoalbu…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
90% of them!... fibrinogen... clotting factors... albumin
end stage liver dz... (try to r/o other causes of low albumin)
What is the structure like of the equi…
similar to other spp except NO GB!! ... Can loses 80% and still…
What are the functions of the liver?
Plasma protein production... Urea cycle... Lipid metabolism
30 terms
Alcoholic Liver Dz (Cote)
lifetime prevalence of alcohol abuse
what may alcohol abuse lead to?
Hepatic steatosis is seen in about 90%…
what should be suspected in any pt wit…
18% among US adults
steatosis, steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma
macrovesicular
Alcoholic liver dz
lifetime prevalence of alcohol abuse
18% among US adults
what may alcohol abuse lead to?
steatosis, steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma
7 terms
Liver Dz (Hepatitis & Liver cirrhosis)
etiology
risk factor
chief complaint
assoc. sx
inflammation or tissue damage leading to loss of liver functi…
Hx of EtOH abuse or drug overdose
abdominal pain (RUQ) and vomiting
abdominal distension and confusion
etiology
inflammation or tissue damage leading to loss of liver functi…
risk factor
Hx of EtOH abuse or drug overdose
30 terms
Equine Liver Dz & Failure
on which side can you US more of the l…
spleen vs liver on US
liver disease is ____________; liver f…
biochem tests to differentiate liver d…
R side btwn RDC and duodenum
spleen more homogenous and hyperechoic (normally)
disease is common ... failure is uncommon
disease = altered enzymes (biliary = GGT, hepatocellular = SD…
on which side can you US more of the l…
R side btwn RDC and duodenum
spleen vs liver on US
spleen more homogenous and hyperechoic (normally)
27 terms
Bovine Liver Dz
when are cows in NEB and what is it
limiting factor for milk production
2 markers of NEB
define hyperketonemia
drop in dry matter intake + increased energy demand of early…
lactose... glucose + galactose... need GLUCOSE
excessive NEFA from adipose... excessive ketones from liver... key…
excessive elevation of blood ketones... blood BHB > 1.2 mmol/L
when are cows in NEB and what is it
drop in dry matter intake + increased energy demand of early…
limiting factor for milk production
lactose... glucose + galactose... need GLUCOSE
33 terms
Liver Dz in Horses
Abnormal mentation accompanied by hepa…
Signs of hepatic encephalopathy
Secondary photosensitization
Accumulation of this causes photosensi…
-hepatic encephalopathy
-depression, head pressing, circling, aimless walking... -progre…
-hepatogenic photosensitization
-phylloerythrin
Abnormal mentation accompanied by hepa…
-hepatic encephalopathy
Signs of hepatic encephalopathy
-depression, head pressing, circling, aimless walking... -progre…
50 terms
non-viral liver dz
quiescent
storage (retinoids in fat drops), anti…
inflammation (D/T injury to hepatocytes)
collagen
what are hepatic stellate cells like typically?
hepatic stellate cells function?
what activates stellate cells?
what do stellate cells secrete when there is ongoing damage?
quiescent
what are hepatic stellate cells like typically?
storage (retinoids in fat drops), anti…
hepatic stellate cells function?
85 terms
CM: Liver Dz
Jaundice is due to
Hyperbilirubinemia
Bilirubin
AST and ALT
hyperbilirubinemia
total bilirubin levels >2.5... first site of elevated bili are…
product of heme metabolism... - released during lysis or death o…
indicative of damage to hepatocytes... - when there is HEPATOCEL…
Jaundice is due to
hyperbilirubinemia
Hyperbilirubinemia
total bilirubin levels >2.5... first site of elevated bili are…
31 terms
SAM Liver Dz
Acute Hepatic Toxic Injury
Common causes of acute hepatic toxic i…
Carprofen and Acute Hepatic Toxic Inju…
Clinical Presentation of Acute hepatic…
illness less than 2 weeks with no previous history of hepatob…
acetominophen, diazepam, azathioprine, trimethoprim-sulfa, ph…
NSAID... favorable Cox-2:COX-1 ratio... reversible hepatocellular t…
anorexia, depression, behavioral abnormalities, vomiting, dia…
Acute Hepatic Toxic Injury
illness less than 2 weeks with no previous history of hepatob…
Common causes of acute hepatic toxic i…
acetominophen, diazepam, azathioprine, trimethoprim-sulfa, ph…
175 terms
GI: Liver dz
Liver markers of injury
what are LFTs NOT markers of
Production of ____ elevates with hepat…
indicator of hepatic excretion
- LFTS: AST, ALT, LDH
function
- Alk Phosphate
bilirubin
Liver markers of injury
- LFTS: AST, ALT, LDH
what are LFTs NOT markers of
function
41 terms
renal dz/hepatitis&liver
aluminum hydroxide
calcium acetate
calcium carbonate
lanthanum carbonate
alternagel, amphojel... phosphate binder
phoslo, phoslyra... phosphate binder
tums... phosphate binder
fosrenol... phosphate binder
aluminum hydroxide
alternagel, amphojel... phosphate binder
calcium acetate
phoslo, phoslyra... phosphate binder
24 terms
Hepatitis and liver dz
Alcoholic liver dz
Portal HTN
Acute variceal bleeding
Hepatic encephalopathy
Thiamine (vitamin B1) used to prevent and tx wernicke-korsoko…
Non selective BB... - decrease CO... - decrease splanic blood flow…
Octreotide (sandostatin)... Vasopressin (pitapressin)
Sx are a result of accumulation of gut derived nitrogenous su…
Alcoholic liver dz
Thiamine (vitamin B1) used to prevent and tx wernicke-korsoko…
Portal HTN
Non selective BB... - decrease CO... - decrease splanic blood flow…
28 terms
Hepatitis/Liver Dz
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
INF-alfa
- vaccine preventable... - acute, self-limiting ... - via fecal-ora…
- vaccine preventable... - acute illness and may lead to chronic…
- NON-vaccine preventable ... - chronic... - via blood... - Tx: peg-IN…
- for HBV/HCV... - bad tox, limiting... - naturally-produced cytoki…
Hep A
- vaccine preventable... - acute, self-limiting ... - via fecal-ora…
Hep B
- vaccine preventable... - acute illness and may lead to chronic…
17 terms
Anesthesia and liver dz
oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis
conjugation
liver blood flow (highest effect for d…
alpha2, propofol, alfaxalone, inhalants
phase 1 reactions ( 3 things)
phase 2 reactions (1 thing)
factors influencing drug metabolism - 5
these 4 drugs decrease liver blood flow by decreasing CO
oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis
phase 1 reactions ( 3 things)
conjugation
phase 2 reactions (1 thing)
12 terms
inherited liver dz
normal intestinal iron absoprtion is _…
bronze diabetes
Definitive Dz of iron overload
what is the hepatic iron index and wha…
Normal intestinal iron absorption- 1 mg/day... Hereditary hemoch…
hyperpigmentation... diabetes mellitus... liver cirrhosis
liver biopsy
Hepatic iron index calculated by dividing hepatic iron conten…
normal intestinal iron absoprtion is _…
Normal intestinal iron absorption- 1 mg/day... Hereditary hemoch…
bronze diabetes
hyperpigmentation... diabetes mellitus... liver cirrhosis
217 terms
Dx of Liver Dz
What should you include in your Hx tak…
Clinical signs of liver dz (basic syst…
What GI tract signs can be assoc. with…
What urinary tract signs can be assoc.…
- diet and drug history ... - exposure history ... - env history ... -…
- GI tract... - URinary tract... - Systemic... - liver specific
- anorexia... - vomiting > diarrhea... - hematemesis and melena (fr…
- PU/PD (less common in cats) ... - stranguria... - dysuria... - hemat…
What should you include in your Hx tak…
- diet and drug history ... - exposure history ... - env history ... -…
Clinical signs of liver dz (basic syst…
- GI tract... - URinary tract... - Systemic... - liver specific
Equine Liver Dz
Only SPECIFIC hepatocellular enzyme
How much pyrrolizidine alkaloid-contai…
Species susceptibility to pyrrolizidin…
Mechanism of pyrrolizidine alkaloid to…
SDH (sorbital dehydrogenase)
2-5% BW of pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plant must be in…
Pigs > chickens > cattle/horses > sheep/goats
PAs are metabolized to toxic pyrroles by mixed functional oxi…
Only SPECIFIC hepatocellular enzyme
SDH (sorbital dehydrogenase)
How much pyrrolizidine alkaloid-contai…
2-5% BW of pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plant must be in…
40 terms
rum liver dz
CS of WL, ascites, edema, icterus, dia…
difference between 1º and 2º photosens…
changes seen on chem panel with liver dz
SDH - sensitive and/or specific?
liver dz
1º - toxic plant ingestion... 2º - liver dz --> r/o first bc if…
hypoglycemia... hypoalbuminemia... decr BUN... incr SDH, AST, GGT
sensitive and specific but short T1/2
CS of WL, ascites, edema, icterus, dia…
liver dz
difference between 1º and 2º photosens…
1º - toxic plant ingestion... 2º - liver dz --> r/o first bc if…
71 terms
Liver Dz in Horses
How much of the liver must be affected…
How may chronic conditions appear if s…
Main C/S of hepatic insufficiency?
What causes icterus?
80%
acutely
icterus... weight loss... anorexia... depression... pyrexia... hepatoencepha…
hyperbilirubinemia with deposition of pigment in tissues... eit…
How much of the liver must be affected…
80%
How may chronic conditions appear if s…
acutely
51 terms
hepatitis, liver dz
Which of the following agents is not u…
Ascites treatment
T or F: Lasix monotherapy is effective…
For ascites, what dose ratio of spiron…
Ca gluconate/chloride: used to stabilize cardiac tissue in hy…
spironolactone monotherapy OR spir + Lasix
F.
40 mg Lasix : 100 mg spironolactone to maintain K balance
Which of the following agents is not u…
Ca gluconate/chloride: used to stabilize cardiac tissue in hy…
Ascites treatment
spironolactone monotherapy OR spir + Lasix
62 terms
Genetic Liver Dz
hereditary hemochromatosis is an inbor…
manifestations of hereditary hemochrom…
what is the role of hepcidin?
when is hepcidin low?
-error of metabolism... -excessive intestinal absorption of Iron…
-iron deposition --> fibrosis... -liver disease... -DM... -arothropahy…
-hormone from the liver that travels to duodenum and binds to…
-naturally iron deficient (want to absorb)... -abnormally low in…
hereditary hemochromatosis is an inbor…
-error of metabolism... -excessive intestinal absorption of Iron…
manifestations of hereditary hemochrom…
-iron deposition --> fibrosis... -liver disease... -DM... -arothropahy…
70 terms
Liver Dz of Horses
Clinical findings for hepatic dysfunct…
Liver enzymes
Which are enzymes specific to parenchym
Which enzymes inc with obstruction or…
- icterus: pre, intra, post hepatic causes... - anorexia, depres…
- AST, aspartate aminotransferase aka GOT... - SDH, sorbitol deh…
AST and SDH
ALP and GGT
Clinical findings for hepatic dysfunct…
- icterus: pre, intra, post hepatic causes... - anorexia, depres…
Liver enzymes
- AST, aspartate aminotransferase aka GOT... - SDH, sorbitol deh…
179 terms
Liver Dz- Cattle (COMPLETE)
how much of the liver can be removed b…
hepatocytes are renewed every ____ - _…
T/F you can access the liver well from…
so which side can you access the liver…
80%
50-75 days
false
right flank exploratory
how much of the liver can be removed b…
80%
hepatocytes are renewed every ____ - _…
50-75 days
45 terms
Labs for Liver Dz
2 blood supplies of liver
cannaliculi between hepatocytes join t…
stellate cells (aka Ito cells) normall…
which plasma protein is not made in th…
hepatic artery... portal vein
bile ductules
Space of Disse
factor 8
2 blood supplies of liver
hepatic artery... portal vein
cannaliculi between hepatocytes join t…
bile ductules
27 terms
Hepatitis and Liver Dz
nadolol
propranolol
octreotide... -analogue of somatostatin…
vasopressin... -ADH... -not 1st line (veric…
corgard
Inderal LA, InnoPran XL
sandostatin
pitressin
nadolol
corgard
propranolol
Inderal LA, InnoPran XL
42 terms
Admed GI liver dz
Amount of alcohol intake involved with…
A pt with alcoholic hepatitis may pres…
What is the most common precursor of c…
Is alcoholic hepatitis reversible?
80 g/d in men and 30-40 g/d in women
Fever, RUQ pain, tender hepatomegaly, jaundice, but they may…
Alcoholic hepatitis
YES!
Amount of alcohol intake involved with…
80 g/d in men and 30-40 g/d in women
A pt with alcoholic hepatitis may pres…
Fever, RUQ pain, tender hepatomegaly, jaundice, but they may…
40 terms
GS: Liver Dz
AST, ALT, AlkPhos, Albumin, Total Bili…
How do you address a pt with jaundice?
What may result if the patient has iso…
Dubin-Johnson syndrome, Rotor's syndro…
AST: 13-38... ALT: 9-51... AlkPhos: 34-122... Albumin: 3.2-5.2... Total b…
Hx: focus on med/drug exposure... PE... Lab: bilirubin with fractio…
Indirect:hyperbilirubinemia (direct >15%)... -Inherited d/o: Dub…
Indirect elevation of bilirubin
AST, ALT, AlkPhos, Albumin, Total Bili…
AST: 13-38... ALT: 9-51... AlkPhos: 34-122... Albumin: 3.2-5.2... Total b…
How do you address a pt with jaundice?
Hx: focus on med/drug exposure... PE... Lab: bilirubin with fractio…
32 terms
PT: Liver Dz (**Smileys)
What is the step-wise progression of…
What is the most common cause of *port…
What are 2 long-term complications o…
Where do varices occur & what is a *…
1. Fatty Liver... 2. Alcoholic Liver Disease ... 3. Alcoholic Hepat…
Fibrosis of sinusoids... Others that could occur:... - Thrombosi…
1. Varices... 2. Splenomegaly
Occur in ESOPHAGUS as esophageal varices... *Vomiting of bloo…
What is the step-wise progression of…
1. Fatty Liver... 2. Alcoholic Liver Disease ... 3. Alcoholic Hepat…
What is the most common cause of *port…
Fibrosis of sinusoids... Others that could occur:... - Thrombosi…
28 terms
Liver Pathology (metabolic liver dz --> liver pathology)
Lvl of Bilirubin that defines jaundice
AST/ALT "rules"
Where in the body can you find AST?
Where in the body can you find Alk Pho…
>3
nl-few hundo = chronic viral heps... 100-1000 = acute viral heps…
hepatocyte mitochondria + cytoplasm... skel + cardiac muscle... kid…
bile canaliculi... bone... placenta... intestines
Lvl of Bilirubin that defines jaundice
>3
AST/ALT "rules"
nl-few hundo = chronic viral heps... 100-1000 = acute viral heps…
35 terms
Liver Dz in the Horse
How much of the liver is non-functiona…
What are some common clinical signs of…
If you have fever + colic, what 4 thin…
What things can cause icterus?
80%
Weight loss... - chronic dz... - anorexia... - reduced metabolic funct…
1. colitis... 2. enteritis... 3. peritonitis... 4. hepatitis
Pre- hepatic... - hemolysis ... Hepatic... - primary hepatic dz... - *ano…
How much of the liver is non-functiona…
80%
What are some common clinical signs of…
Weight loss... - chronic dz... - anorexia... - reduced metabolic funct…
30 terms
41: Liver Dz Pathology II
drug and toxin-induced liver disease:…
alcoholic steatohepatitis: __ degenera…
alcoholic cirrhosis
AIH: abundance of __ cells. __ leads t…
acetaminophen, chemo, amanita toxin; abx and isoniazid; hepat…
ballooning; fibrosis; mallory-denk bodies; IHC stain for cyto…
plasma; portal fibrosis
drug and toxin-induced liver disease:…
acetaminophen, chemo, amanita toxin; abx and isoniazid; hepat…
alcoholic steatohepatitis: __ degenera…
ballooning; fibrosis; mallory-denk bodies; IHC stain for cyto…
73 terms
Patho of Non-Neoplastic Liver Dz
1. Area closest to zone 3 is central v…
1. Acute hepatitis... 2. Fulminant hepati…
Fulminant hepatitis
Acute Hepatitis
Identify portal triad and central vein
What are the three syndromes of hepatitis?
Which syndrome of hepatitis can a patient NEVER recover from?
What dz is indicated below: ... - can be subclinical infection o…
1. Area closest to zone 3 is central v…
Identify portal triad and central vein
1. Acute hepatitis... 2. Fulminant hepati…
What are the three syndromes of hepatitis?
9 terms
infectious dzs esp liver
dengue fever
dengue fever
dengue fever
Japanese encephalitis
sudden onset of fever, chills, and severe (breakbone) aching…
south east asia, completely vaccinated and with prophylactic…
widespread rash with small discrete areas where the rash is a…
rural asia for >1 month, need to vaccinate for this mozzy inf…
dengue fever
sudden onset of fever, chills, and severe (breakbone) aching…
dengue fever
south east asia, completely vaccinated and with prophylactic…
26 terms
40: Immune-Mediated Liver Dz
pathophysiology of AIH (autoimmune hep…
typical clinical presentation of AIH
autoantibodies in AIH: imp to remember…
dx of AIH simplified criteria (points…
cytotoxic T-cell; aberrant display of HLA class II on surface…
family h/o autoimmune dz, concurrent autoimmune dz (RA, UC, v…
ANA
IgG>16 (1) or IgG>18.5(2)... ANA, SMA, or LKM >1:40 (1)... 1:80 or…
pathophysiology of AIH (autoimmune hep…
cytotoxic T-cell; aberrant display of HLA class II on surface…
typical clinical presentation of AIH
family h/o autoimmune dz, concurrent autoimmune dz (RA, UC, v…
30 terms
GI Final-Liver Dzs
Viral Hepatitis
Hep A
Hep A Dx
Hep A Tx
...
Most common cause of acute liver dz; fecal-oral transmission;…
Anti-HAV IgM = detected in food borne illness; IgG = exposed…
Supportive; vaccine at 0, 1, and 6 months.
Viral Hepatitis
...
Hep A
Most common cause of acute liver dz; fecal-oral transmission;…
30 terms
GI Final-Liver Dzs
Viral Hepatitis
Hep A
Hep A Dx
Hep A Tx
...
Most common cause of acute liver dz; fecal-oral transmission;…
Anti-HAV IgM = detected in food borne illness; IgG = exposed…
Supportive; vaccine at 0, 1, and 6 months.
Viral Hepatitis
...
Hep A
Most common cause of acute liver dz; fecal-oral transmission;…
64 terms
Rx Prep - Hepatitis & Liver DZ
Name 2 BB's used in liver DZ. What do…
Target HR for portal HTN is...
What is rational for BB's in portal HTN?
In acute variceal bleeding, the first…
Propranolol & nadolol - *non-selective*
55-60 BPM
↓Portal pressure by ↑venous inflow (↓CO & ↓splanchnic blood f…
-*Vasoactive* agents to minimize bleeding... -Octreotide & Vasop…
Name 2 BB's used in liver DZ. What do…
Propranolol & nadolol - *non-selective*
Target HR for portal HTN is...
55-60 BPM
Small Animal Liver Dzs
Definition of "acute liver dz"
Definition of "acute liver failure"
Intrinsic vs. idiosyncratic hepatic dr…
Most common histopath lesion seen with…
Liver dysfunction occurring in the absence of known pre-exist…
Liver dysfunction occurring in the absence of known pre-exist…
Intrinsic drug rxns - "predictable" hepatotoxins, dose-depend…
Hepatic necrosis
Definition of "acute liver dz"
Liver dysfunction occurring in the absence of known pre-exist…
Definition of "acute liver failure"
Liver dysfunction occurring in the absence of known pre-exist…
43 terms
Liver II - Inflammatory Liver Dz's
Slides 1-19 ***See Liver II PowerPoint!
Serology of ACUTE HBV... a. Detected 1st…
the neutralizing antibody of ACUTE HBV…
what is measured in the blood to see i…
...
a. HBsAg... b. anti-HBc IgM... c. anti-HBs IgG
anti-HBs IgG
anti-HBs IgG
Slides 1-19 ***See Liver II PowerPoint!
...
Serology of ACUTE HBV... a. Detected 1st…
a. HBsAg... b. anti-HBc IgM... c. anti-HBs IgG
64 terms
Rx Prep - Hepatitis & Liver DZ
Name 2 BB's used in liver DZ. What do…
Target HR for portal HTN is...
What is rational for BB's in portal HTN?
In acute variceal bleeding, the first…
Propranolol & nadolol - *non-selective*
55-60 BPM
↓Portal pressure by ↑venous inflow (↓CO & ↓splanchnic blood f…
-*Vasoactive* agents to minimize bleeding... -Octreotide & Vasop…
Name 2 BB's used in liver DZ. What do…
Propranolol & nadolol - *non-selective*
Target HR for portal HTN is...
55-60 BPM
35 terms
CAEM II Liver Dz - Peek
icterus in neonatal foal 24-36 hrs aft…
adult liver dz
foals
classical triad of signs for cholangio…
neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI)
theillers dz... cholangiohepatitis/cholangiohepatitis... chronic ac…
tyzzers dz... EHV 1 infection... hepatic dz and sepsis... liver absces…
jandice... fever... colic
icterus in neonatal foal 24-36 hrs aft…
neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI)
adult liver dz
theillers dz... cholangiohepatitis/cholangiohepatitis... chronic ac…
203 terms
Hummel - Jaundice & Cirrhosis/Liver Dz
When old/damaged RBCs enter the ______…
Unconjugated bilirubin is bound to ___…
Conjugated bilirubin is secreted in th…
Once in the colon, conjugated bilirubi…
spleen, macrophages break down the heme in the RBCs into…
Unconjugated bilirubin is bound ot albumin and sent to the…
conjugated bilirub is secreted in the bile... bile enters the…
converted back to an unconjugated form.
When old/damaged RBCs enter the ______…
spleen, macrophages break down the heme in the RBCs into…
Unconjugated bilirubin is bound to ___…
Unconjugated bilirubin is bound ot albumin and sent to the…
17 terms
45: Non-Alcoholic Liver Dz
conditions assoc with primary non-alco…
conditions assoc with secondary non-al…
HTGC below __ is considered nl, and an…
hepatic steatosis is more prevalent in…
HOTI: hyperlipidemia, obesity, type II DM, insulin-resistance
SID: surgery, inborn errors, drugs/toxins
5.5%
hispanics > whites > black
conditions assoc with primary non-alco…
HOTI: hyperlipidemia, obesity, type II DM, insulin-resistance
conditions assoc with secondary non-al…
SID: surgery, inborn errors, drugs/toxins
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