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Study sets matching "living in the environment"

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Study sets matching "living in the environment"

140 terms
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
10 terms
Living Environment
monomer
polymer
lipids (fats)
nucleic acids
building blocks of polymers
a bunch of monomers linked together, a little bunch of monomers
los lípidos
monomer
building blocks of polymers
polymer
a bunch of monomers linked together, a little bunch of monomers
10 terms
living environment
Nucleus
Ribosome
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Contains DNA
Makes proteins
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for t…
Nucleus
Contains DNA
Ribosome
Makes proteins
8 terms
Living Environment
ovary
ovum
oviduct
estrogen
female reproductive organ in which eggs are produced
the female egg cell
tube through which egg passes from ovary to uterus.
steroid hormones that promote the development and maintenance…
ovary
female reproductive organ in which eggs are produced
ovum
the female egg cell
5 terms
Living Environment
Mitosis
Habitat
Hypothesis
Ecosystem
Mitosis
Habitat
12 terms
Living Environment
dynamic equilibrium
assimilation
chlorophyll
selectively permeable
fluctuation/movement around homeostasis
become part of a different culture/structure
captures sunlight in plant; green
membrane that allows some materials to pass through
dynamic equilibrium
fluctuation/movement around homeostasis
assimilation
become part of a different culture/structure
11 terms
Living Environment
Ribosome
chloroplast
cell membrane
golgi bodies
site of protein synthesis
found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
selective whereby it only allows certain substances to pass i…
stores packages and ships proteins
Ribosome
site of protein synthesis
chloroplast
found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
110 terms
Living Environment Content Vocabulary
accuracy
acid
activation energy
active site
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
compounds that forms hydrogen ions and measures 0 to 6 on the…
energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
the part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction…
accuracy
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
acid
compounds that forms hydrogen ions and measures 0 to 6 on the…
Living environment
Active transport
Aerobatic respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Anaphase
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Aerobatic respiration
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
22 terms
living environment
Abiotic
Absorb
Acid Rain
Active Transport
Non-living parts in an organism's environment (Rock, pH, sunl…
Food molecules entering cells following digestion (Diffusion,…
Rain that has a low pH that is harmful to the environment- ca…
Movement of materials across a cell membrane from an area of…
Abiotic
Non-living parts in an organism's environment (Rock, pH, sunl…
Absorb
Food molecules entering cells following digestion (Diffusion,…
462 terms
Living Environment
What are the four organic compounds?
Carbohydrates
What is the scientific name of carbohy…
What are examples of Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates,lipids,proteins, and nucleic acids
Sugar and starches. Immediate source of energy. End in -OSE.
Saccharide
Glucose,Fructose,Maltose,Dextrose,Sucrose,Amylose
What are the four organic compounds?
Carbohydrates,lipids,proteins, and nucleic acids
Carbohydrates
Sugar and starches. Immediate source of energy. End in -OSE.
18 terms
Living Environment-
assumption
bias
conclusion
control
something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
a tendency to favor something; prejudice
the decision made about the outcome of an experiment; usually…
that group in an experiment in which everything (except the v…
assumption
something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
bias
a tendency to favor something; prejudice
140 terms
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
11 terms
living environment
tissue
Organ
organ system
cell
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
Basic unit of all living things
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
26 terms
Living Environment
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Mitochondria
ATP
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Chlorophyll
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
17 terms
living environment
chloroplast
chlorophyll
mitochondria
ATP
(in green plant cells) a plastic that contains chlorophyll an…
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
ATP for short, is the energy currency of life. ATP is a high-…
chloroplast
(in green plant cells) a plastic that contains chlorophyll an…
chlorophyll
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
17 terms
Living Environment
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Mitochondria
ATP
Organelle where photosynthesis takes place
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Energy
Chloroplast
Organelle where photosynthesis takes place
Chlorophyll
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
40 terms
Living Environment
Nucleotide
Nitrogen base
Adenine
Thymine
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule, and a…
(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
A component of nucleic acid that carries hereditary informati…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Nitrogen base
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule, and a…
18 terms
Living Environment
cell
genus
species
vertebrates
the building block of life
a grouping that contains similar, closely related animals
a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce offspr…
animals with backbones
cell
the building block of life
genus
a grouping that contains similar, closely related animals
8 terms
The Living Environment--The Environment
Extinction
Recycling
Deforestation
Biodiversity
the death of every member of a species
the process by which recovering valuable or useful materials…
the process of clearing forests
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
Extinction
the death of every member of a species
Recycling
the process by which recovering valuable or useful materials…
8 terms
living environment
reproduction
respiration
synthesis
metabolism
the production of offspring by a sexual or asexual process.
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
A life process that involves combining simple substances into…
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
reproduction
the production of offspring by a sexual or asexual process.
respiration
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
28 terms
living environment
movement from low to high with energy
what all living things are made of
cellulose
system responsible for moving things a…
activetransport
cells
cellwall
circulatory
movement from low to high with energy
activetransport
what all living things are made of
cells
33 terms
Living Environment
Producer
Consumer
Nonrenewable resources
Carrying Capacity
An organism that makes it's own food from sun light energy
An organism that eats other organisms u=in order to obtain en…
Coal, oil, and natural gas (fossil fuels)
The maximum population size that an ecosystem can support.
Producer
An organism that makes it's own food from sun light energy
Consumer
An organism that eats other organisms u=in order to obtain en…
34 terms
Living Environment: Chapter 9
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosomes
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
50 terms
Living Environment
Cell
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Reproduction
The basic unit of structure and function ... that makes up all o…
All the chemical reactions that occur ... within the cells of an…
The ability of an organism to maintain a ... stable internal env…
The process by which organisms ... produce new organisms of the…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function ... that makes up all o…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that occur ... within the cells of an…
25 terms
living environment
cell
metabolism
homeostasis
reproduction
the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all or…
all the chemical reactions that occur within the cells of an…
the ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal envi…
the process by which organisms produce new organisms of the s…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all or…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within the cells of an…
16 terms
living environment
the full number of chromosomes charact…
the process in which pieces of homolog…
the separation of homologous pairs of…
the union of an egg cell nucleus and a…
diploid (2n)
crossing over
disjunction
fertilization
the full number of chromosomes charact…
diploid (2n)
the process in which pieces of homolog…
crossing over
14 terms
living environment
a cross in which only one pair of cont…
Different genes that control the same…
the principle stating that genes for d…
a cross in which two pairs of contrast…
Monohybrid cross
multiple alleles
independent assortment
dihybrid cross
a cross in which only one pair of cont…
Monohybrid cross
Different genes that control the same…
multiple alleles
50 terms
Living Environment
Cell
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Reproduction
the basic unit of structure and function... that makes up all or…
all the chemical reactions that occur... within the cells of an…
the ability of an organism to maintain a... stable internal envi…
the process by which organisms... produce new organisms of the s…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function... that makes up all or…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur... within the cells of an…
25 terms
Living Environment Unit 8
Acquired Trait
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Artificial Selection
a trait that is gained in an organism's lifetime and is NOT p…
the process that makes a species more fit in its environment
an inherited characteristic that gives an organisms an advant…
the breeding of organisms for traits desirable to humans (als…
Acquired Trait
a trait that is gained in an organism's lifetime and is NOT p…
Adaptation
the process that makes a species more fit in its environment
26 terms
LE/ Living Things and Their Environment
Biotic
Abiotic
Biotic
Biotic
the living organisms in an ecosystem
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
Living organism
Fungi is a living organism
Biotic
the living organisms in an ecosystem
Abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
Living Environment
endothermic
extinct
hibernate
mammal
warm blooded
when an entire species disappears due to its inability to rep…
when an animal sleeps through the winter to avoid the harsh w…
an animal with fur, vertebrate, varied diet, gives live birth…
endothermic
warm blooded
extinct
when an entire species disappears due to its inability to rep…
14 terms
Living environment
limiting factor
predator
prey
food web
a thing that effects population growth
an animal that naturally preys on others
an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
a system of interdependent food chains
limiting factor
a thing that effects population growth
predator
an animal that naturally preys on others
12 terms
Living Environment
Organelles
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Cell membrane
a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
an organelle responsible for producing energy
a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction
a thin membrane enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell
Organelles
a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ
Mitochondria
an organelle responsible for producing energy
9 terms
Living environment
Cell respiration
Circulation (transport)
Digestion (nutrition)
Excretion
the process in which nutrients are broken apart, releasing th…
the flow of materials within a cell as well as between parts…
the process that breaks down large food molecules into simple…
the removal of all waste produced by the cells of the body
Cell respiration
the process in which nutrients are broken apart, releasing th…
Circulation (transport)
the flow of materials within a cell as well as between parts…
14 terms
Living Environment
Inorganic
Organic
Cell
Cell Membrane
a type of molecule that does not contain both carbon and hydr…
term used to described molecules that contain both carbon and…
the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all or…
the thin boundary between the cell and it's environment
Inorganic
a type of molecule that does not contain both carbon and hydr…
Organic
term used to described molecules that contain both carbon and…
22 terms
living environment
carbohydrates
protein
lipid
nucleic acids
fuel for respiration
made of amino acids and the shape determines the function
made of fat acid chains, used for storing energy
(DNA) genetic code
carbohydrates
fuel for respiration
protein
made of amino acids and the shape determines the function
15 terms
Living Environment
ecosystem
global warming
biotic
abiotic
The living and nonliving parts of the environment in a specif…
a gradual increase in the average global temperature
The living parts of an ecosystem such as plants and animals
The nonliving part of an ecosystem such as soil, climate and…
ecosystem
The living and nonliving parts of the environment in a specif…
global warming
a gradual increase in the average global temperature
11 terms
Living environment
Cell
Cell theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
A collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that sepa…
Idea that all living thing are composed of cells. Cells are a…
The center of the atom which contains the cell genetic materi…
Orgaism whose cells contain nuclei
Cell
A collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that sepa…
Cell theory
Idea that all living thing are composed of cells. Cells are a…
17 terms
living environment
g1
telophase
fetus
placenta
cells grow and develop
nucleus forms around each cluster of chromosomes
baby after 8 weeks of gestation
provides oxygen, nutrition to embryo/fetus and allows waste r…
g1
cells grow and develop
telophase
nucleus forms around each cluster of chromosomes
9 terms
Living environment
Atmosphere
Depletion
Global warming
Ozone shield
The blanket of gases that covers Earth; usually called air.
A reduction in the amount of ozone in earth's ozone layer
An increase in the average atmospheric temperature of earth d…
The layer of ozone gas that surrounds earth high in the atmos…
Atmosphere
The blanket of gases that covers Earth; usually called air.
Depletion
A reduction in the amount of ozone in earth's ozone layer
8 terms
Living Environment
excretion
growth
transport/movement
reproduction
the removal of metabolic waste
the increase in the size of an organism
the ability of an organism to move materials within itself or…
the way that organisms make more of their own kind
excretion
the removal of metabolic waste
growth
the increase in the size of an organism
18 terms
Living Environment
Organism
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
All living things
Basic unit of structure and function in an organism
Single-celled organism, including bacteria
Organism composed of many cells
Organism
All living things
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function in an organism
40 terms
Living Environment
the method of reproduction that involv…
male sex sell
the kingdom of organisms that have mos…
an organism that survives by living an…
sexual reproduction
sperm
fungi
Parasite
the method of reproduction that involv…
sexual reproduction
male sex sell
sperm
27 terms
Living environment
Biosphere
Biodiversity
species
Biology
All living things and all the places they are found on earth
across the biosphere the variety of life-... - is greater closer…
a particular type of living things that can reproduce by inte…
is the scientific study of all forms of life - or all types o…
Biosphere
All living things and all the places they are found on earth
Biodiversity
across the biosphere the variety of life-... - is greater closer…
35 terms
Living Environment
Amino Acids
Monosaccharides (ex:glucose)
Enzymes
Shape of a molecule
are the individual units that bond together to form polypepti…
are the individual units that bond together to form a polysac…
are protein molecules that catalyze chemical reactions withou…
is important in defining its function
Amino Acids
are the individual units that bond together to form polypepti…
Monosaccharides (ex:glucose)
are the individual units that bond together to form a polysac…
10 terms
Living Environment - Chapter 1
Biology
Dependent Variable
Experiment
Hypothesis
The study of living things, including humans
In an experiment, the change that occurs because of the indep…
An investigation, conducted by using the scientific method of…
A possible answer to a specific scientific question, tested b…
Biology
The study of living things, including humans
Dependent Variable
In an experiment, the change that occurs because of the indep…
26 terms
Living environment
liver
kidney
lungs
skin
forms urea and sends it to the kidney to be excreted out ... pro…
filters the blood and excretes urine and urea... Removes wastes…
excretes CO2+H2O
excretes sweat consisting of water, salt, and small amounts o…
liver
forms urea and sends it to the kidney to be excreted out ... pro…
kidney
filters the blood and excretes urine and urea... Removes wastes…
35 terms
living environment
covalent bond
diffusion
carbohydrate
polar molecule
bond formed when 2 atoms
going from an area of high concentration to an area of low co…
used by cells to store and release energy... CHO
a molecule that a positive end and a negative end
covalent bond
bond formed when 2 atoms
diffusion
going from an area of high concentration to an area of low co…
103 terms
living environment
atoms
atomic mass
how many electrons does level one (k)…
how many electrons does level two (l)…
Building blocks of all matter
Equal to the number of protons and neutrons
2
8
atoms
Building blocks of all matter
atomic mass
Equal to the number of protons and neutrons
1 of 10