Study sets matching "living in the environment"

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Study sets matching "living in the environment"

140 terms
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
10 terms
living environment
Nucleus
Ribosome
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Contains DNA
Makes proteins
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for t…
Nucleus
Contains DNA
Ribosome
Makes proteins
Living environment
Active transport
Aerobatic respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Anaphase
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Aerobatic respiration
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
Living Environment
monomer
polymer
lipids (fats)
nucleic acids
building blocks of polymers
a bunch of monomers linked together, a little bunch of monomers
los lípidos
monomer
building blocks of polymers
polymer
a bunch of monomers linked together, a little bunch of monomers
Living Environment
ovary
ovum
oviduct
estrogen
female reproductive organ in which eggs are produced
the female egg cell
tube through which egg passes from ovary to uterus.
steroid hormones that promote the development and maintenance…
ovary
female reproductive organ in which eggs are produced
ovum
the female egg cell
12 terms
Living Environment
dynamic equilibrium
assimilation
chlorophyll
selectively permeable
fluctuation/movement around homeostasis
become part of a different culture/structure
captures sunlight in plant; green
membrane that allows some materials to pass through
dynamic equilibrium
fluctuation/movement around homeostasis
assimilation
become part of a different culture/structure
11 terms
Living Environment
Ribosome
chloroplast
cell membrane
golgi bodies
site of protein synthesis
found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
selective whereby it only allows certain substances to pass i…
stores packages and ships proteins
Ribosome
site of protein synthesis
chloroplast
found only in plant cells. Produces sugar from sunlight carbo…
30 terms
Living Environment: Digestion
digestion
saliva
pharynx
esophagus
process of breaking down food so it can be used by living thi…
liquid in the mouth that helps in digestion
tube connecting the mouth to the esophagus (throat)
tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
digestion
process of breaking down food so it can be used by living thi…
saliva
liquid in the mouth that helps in digestion
Living Environment
Mitosis
Habitat
Hypothesis
Ecosystem
Mitosis
Habitat
living environment
Abiotic
Absorb
Acid Rain
Active Transport
Non-living parts in an organism's environment (Rock, pH, sunl…
Food molecules entering cells following digestion (Diffusion,…
Rain that has a low pH that is harmful to the environment- ca…
Movement of materials across a cell membrane from an area of…
Abiotic
Non-living parts in an organism's environment (Rock, pH, sunl…
Absorb
Food molecules entering cells following digestion (Diffusion,…
18 terms
Living Environment-
assumption
bias
conclusion
control
something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
a tendency to favor something; prejudice
the decision made about the outcome of an experiment; usually…
that group in an experiment in which everything (except the v…
assumption
something accepted as true that may or may not actually be true
bias
a tendency to favor something; prejudice
11 terms
living environment
tissue
Organ
organ system
cell
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
Basic unit of all living things
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
17 terms
Living Environment
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Mitochondria
ATP
Organelle where photosynthesis takes place
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Energy
Chloroplast
Organelle where photosynthesis takes place
Chlorophyll
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
17 terms
living environment
chloroplast
chlorophyll
mitochondria
ATP
(in green plant cells) a plastic that contains chlorophyll an…
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
ATP for short, is the energy currency of life. ATP is a high-…
chloroplast
(in green plant cells) a plastic that contains chlorophyll an…
chlorophyll
a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobact…
26 terms
Living Environment
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Mitochondria
ATP
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Chlorophyll
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, a…
The Living Environment--The Environment
Extinction
Recycling
Deforestation
Biodiversity
the death of every member of a species
the process by which recovering valuable or useful materials…
the process of clearing forests
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
Extinction
the death of every member of a species
Recycling
the process by which recovering valuable or useful materials…
8 terms
living environment
reproduction
respiration
synthesis
metabolism
the production of offspring by a sexual or asexual process.
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
A life process that involves combining simple substances into…
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
reproduction
the production of offspring by a sexual or asexual process.
respiration
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
40 terms
Living Environment
Nucleotide
Nitrogen base
Adenine
Thymine
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule, and a…
(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
A component of nucleic acid that carries hereditary informati…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Nitrogen base
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule, and a…
28 terms
living environment
movement from low to high with energy
what all living things are made of
cellulose
system responsible for moving things a…
activetransport
cells
cellwall
circulatory
movement from low to high with energy
activetransport
what all living things are made of
cells
Living Environment
Producer
Consumer
Nonrenewable resources
Carrying Capacity
An organism that makes it's own food from sun light energy
An organism that eats other organisms u=in order to obtain en…
Coal, oil, and natural gas (fossil fuels)
The maximum population size that an ecosystem can support.
Producer
An organism that makes it's own food from sun light energy
Consumer
An organism that eats other organisms u=in order to obtain en…
34 terms
Living Environment: Chapter 9
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosomes
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
25 terms
Living Environment Unit 8
Acquired Trait
Adaptation
Adaptive Trait
Artificial Selection
a trait that is gained in an organism's lifetime and is NOT p…
the process that makes a species more fit in its environment
an inherited characteristic that gives an organisms an advant…
the breeding of organisms for traits desirable to humans (als…
Acquired Trait
a trait that is gained in an organism's lifetime and is NOT p…
Adaptation
the process that makes a species more fit in its environment
50 terms
Living Environment
Cell
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Reproduction
The basic unit of structure and function ... that makes up all o…
All the chemical reactions that occur ... within the cells of an…
The ability of an organism to maintain a ... stable internal env…
The process by which organisms ... produce new organisms of the…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function ... that makes up all o…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that occur ... within the cells of an…
25 terms
living environment
cell
metabolism
homeostasis
reproduction
the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all or…
all the chemical reactions that occur within the cells of an…
the ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal envi…
the process by which organisms produce new organisms of the s…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all or…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within the cells of an…
140 terms
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
140 terms
Living Environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured.
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
An untested prediction. ... A good hypothesis states both cause…
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured.
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence.
Living Environment
Cell
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Reproduction
the basic unit of structure and function... that makes up all or…
all the chemical reactions that occur... within the cells of an…
the ability of an organism to maintain a... stable internal envi…
the process by which organisms... produce new organisms of the s…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function... that makes up all or…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur... within the cells of an…
90 terms
Living Environment Regents Vocabulary
abiotic
active transport
adaptation
allergy
not living
move from low to high concentration, using energy
inherited trait that allows organisms to survive in their env…
extreme immune response to a harmless substance
abiotic
not living
active transport
move from low to high concentration, using energy
18 terms
Living Environment
cell
genus
species
vertebrates
the building block of life
a grouping that contains similar, closely related animals
a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce offspr…
animals with backbones
cell
the building block of life
genus
a grouping that contains similar, closely related animals
10 terms
Living Environment - Chapter 1
Biology
Dependent Variable
Experiment
Hypothesis
The study of living things, including humans
In an experiment, the change that occurs because of the indep…
An investigation, conducted by using the scientific method of…
A possible answer to a specific scientific question, tested b…
Biology
The study of living things, including humans
Dependent Variable
In an experiment, the change that occurs because of the indep…
Living Environment - Chapter 2
Centrifuge
Compound Light Microscope
Microscope
Statistical Analysis
Machine in which a liquid is spun around; used to separate ma…
A tool that uses two lens types to magnify the image of a spe…
Tool used to magnify the image of tiny objects in order to st…
The mathematical processes used to determine if the experimen…
Centrifuge
Machine in which a liquid is spun around; used to separate ma…
Compound Light Microscope
A tool that uses two lens types to magnify the image of a spe…
Living Environment - Chapter 5
ATP (Adneosine Triphosphate)
Autotrophic
Cellular Respiration
Heterotrophic
The substance used by cells as an immediate source of chemica…
Describes a self-feeding organism that obtains its energy for…
The process that uses oxygen to create ATP for energy use
Describes an organism that obtains its energy by feeding on o…
ATP (Adneosine Triphosphate)
The substance used by cells as an immediate source of chemica…
Autotrophic
Describes a self-feeding organism that obtains its energy for…
12 terms
Living Environment - Chapter 12
Asexual Reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
Cancer
Form of reproduction that requires only one parent to pass on…
Form of asexual reproduction used by single-celled organisms,…
A form of asexual reproduction in which the offspring grows o…
A disease that results from uncontrolled cell division, which…
Asexual Reproduction
Form of reproduction that requires only one parent to pass on…
Binary Fission
Form of asexual reproduction used by single-celled organisms,…
Living environment
Atmosphere
Depletion
Global warming
Ozone shield
The blanket of gases that covers Earth; usually called air.
A reduction in the amount of ozone in earth's ozone layer
An increase in the average atmospheric temperature of earth d…
The layer of ozone gas that surrounds earth high in the atmos…
Atmosphere
The blanket of gases that covers Earth; usually called air.
Depletion
A reduction in the amount of ozone in earth's ozone layer
16 terms
living environment
the full number of chromosomes charact…
the process in which pieces of homolog…
the separation of homologous pairs of…
the union of an egg cell nucleus and a…
diploid (2n)
crossing over
disjunction
fertilization
the full number of chromosomes charact…
diploid (2n)
the process in which pieces of homolog…
crossing over
Living Environment Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Investigation
Scientific Method
Science
Hypothesis
A method of planning or conducting a scientific study to answ…
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A systematically organized way of learning about or examining…
An educated guess
Investigation
A method of planning or conducting a scientific study to answ…
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
93 terms
living environment
AN OBSERVATION
AN INFERENCE
A HYPOTHESIS
THEORY
WHAT IS SEEN OR MEASURED
A CONCLUSION BASED ON EVIDENCE
IS AN UNTESTED PREDICTIONS A GOOD ONE HAS IF...THEN
A BROAD EXPLANATION OF NATURAL EVENTS SUPPORTED BY STRONG EVI…
AN OBSERVATION
WHAT IS SEEN OR MEASURED
AN INFERENCE
A CONCLUSION BASED ON EVIDENCE
Living environment
Atom
Nucleus
Electrons
Element
Basic unit of matter
The center of the atom which contains the contains the proton…
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucleus
Substance consisting entirely of one type of an atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of the atom which contains the contains the proton…
Living environment
Biotic factor
Abiotic fact
Producers
Autotrophs
Non living
Living
Captures energy from the sun
Self feeders
Biotic factor
Non living
Abiotic fact
Living
15 terms
Living in the environment
Environment
Environmental science
ecology
organism
Everything around us including living and non-living things.
interdisciplinary study of how humans interact with the envir…
biological science that studies how organism interact with th…
living things
Environment
Everything around us including living and non-living things.
Environmental science
interdisciplinary study of how humans interact with the envir…
10 terms
Living in the Environment
Perpetual
Degrading
Preventing
Economic
Never ending
causing a loss of self-respect; humiliating.
keep (something) from happening or arising
Justified in terms of economics
Perpetual
Never ending
Degrading
causing a loss of self-respect; humiliating.
88 terms
Living Environment
Adaptation
Biology
Development
Growth
Any inherited characteristic that results from changes to a s…
Science of life
Process of natural changes that take place during the life of…
Formation of new cells and structures on an organism
Adaptation
Any inherited characteristic that results from changes to a s…
Biology
Science of life
Living environment
Cell
Cell membrane
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
A basic unit of living matter
Controlling which molecules enter and leave the cell
Found in only plant cells. Absorbs sunlight
Contents of the cell
Cell
A basic unit of living matter
Cell membrane
Controlling which molecules enter and leave the cell
10 terms
Living environment
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Theory
What is seen or measured
A conclusion based on observation or evidence
An untested prediction
A broad explanation of natural events that is supported by st…
Observation
What is seen or measured
Inference
A conclusion based on observation or evidence
16 terms
Living Environment
T cells
B cells
Antibodies
White Blood Cell
The cell that gets rid of the infected cell
Makes antibodies and active T cells
Proteins that are specific to a pathogen (kills it)
cell in charge of counterattacking to foreign substances/ dis…
T cells
The cell that gets rid of the infected cell
B cells
Makes antibodies and active T cells
18 terms
Living environment
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solution
Solvent
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
Mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
Substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Adhesion
Attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
Living environment
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Vacuole
Lysosome
Fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids, carbohydrates and pro…
Cytoplasm
Fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Organelles
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
Living Environment
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
oxygen ; carbon dioxide (Co2)
diffusion
water attracting, head, non polar
water repelling, tail, polar
since the cell membrane is mostly lipids, only lipid soluble…
when molecules move from a higher concentration to a lower co…
hydrophilic
water attracting, head, non polar
hydrophobic
water repelling, tail, polar
Living Environment review
adaptation
amino acids
ancestor
asexual reproduction
a variation in an inherited trait that makes the organism bet…
the basic building blocks of proteins. They contain an amine…
An individual from whom an organism is descended. For example…
reproduction involving only one parent by using the process o…
adaptation
a variation in an inherited trait that makes the organism bet…
amino acids
the basic building blocks of proteins. They contain an amine…
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