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Study sets matching "logic fallacies"

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Study sets matching "logic fallacies"

12 terms
Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Fear
Ad Hominem (attack on character)
Bandwagon
Slippery Slope
attempt to frighten one into an action or into accepting a be…
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Everybody is doing it, so it must be good.
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
Appeal to Fear
attempt to frighten one into an action or into accepting a be…
Ad Hominem (attack on character)
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
40 terms
Logical Fallacies
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring
Ad-hominem
Tu quoque
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Dismissing someone's argument because he or she is being hypo…
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
Red Herring
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
33 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Special Pleading
The Gambler's Fallacy
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy of logical argument in which the writer suppresses…
The belief that the odds of a chance event increase if the ev…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies
unqualification generalization (dicto…
hasty generalization
name calling
appeal to pity
an argument based on a generalization that is totally inclusi…
a conclusion drawn from too few samples
an argument attacking the man rather than the issue
an attempt to arouse strong feelings or sympathy in order to…
unqualification generalization (dicto…
an argument based on a generalization that is totally inclusi…
hasty generalization
a conclusion drawn from too few samples
24 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
appeal to emotion/Pathos
slippery sloap
ad hominem
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You said that if we allow A to happen, then Z will eventually…
You attacked your opponent's character or personal traits in…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
appeal to emotion/Pathos
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
21 terms
Logic Fallacies
Strawman
False Cause
Ad Hominem
False Dichotomy (Black or white; eithe…
After Will said that we should put more money into health and…
Pointing to a fancy chart, Roger shows how temperatures have…
After Sally presents an eloquent and compelling case for a mo…
Whilst rallying support for his plan to fundamentally undermi…
Strawman
After Will said that we should put more money into health and…
False Cause
Pointing to a fancy chart, Roger shows how temperatures have…
34 terms
logical fallacies
Red herring-
Faulty analogy-
Testimonial-
Slippery slope-
premise: changing to Geico is for the better warrant: because…
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant; if i…
premise: use this product... warrant: Selma Hayek does
premise: by keeping up with Xfinity you will keep up with you…
Red herring-
premise: changing to Geico is for the better warrant: because…
Faulty analogy-
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant; if i…
15 terms
Logical Fallacies
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Faulty Analogy
Straw Man... (Appeal to the People)
Skipping to a new and irrelevant topic... (He wears too much bro…
Switching the argument from the topic at hand to the characte…
Focuses on irrelevant or inconsequential analogies between tw…
an oversimplified example to in order to ridicule or refute a…
Red Herring
Skipping to a new and irrelevant topic... (He wears too much bro…
Ad Hominem
Switching the argument from the topic at hand to the characte…
10 terms
logic fallacies
Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle
Fallacy of Illicit Minor
Fallacy of the Illicit Major
Fallacy of an Affirmative from a Negat…
An error that occurs when the middle term is not distributed…
An error that occurs when the minor term is distributed in th…
An error that occurs when the major term is distributed in th…
An error that occurs when an affirmative conclusion is drawn…
Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle
An error that occurs when the middle term is not distributed…
Fallacy of Illicit Minor
An error that occurs when the minor term is distributed in th…
27 terms
logical fallacies
Faulty analogy-
Testimonial-
Slippery slope-
Name calling-
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant: if i…
premise: use this product... warrant: Selma Hayek does
premise: by keeping up with Xfinity you will keep up with you…
premise: eat snickers or you may look foolish... warrant: this g…
Faulty analogy-
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant: if i…
Testimonial-
premise: use this product... warrant: Selma Hayek does
21 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ipse dixit
Ad populum
Ad baculum
Ad hominen
an illegitimate appeal to authority
an illegitimate appeal to a majority
an illegitimate appeal to force
a verbal attack on a person rather than his argument
Ipse dixit
an illegitimate appeal to authority
Ad populum
an illegitimate appeal to a majority
12 terms
Logical Fallacies
Bandwagon
Hasty Generalization
Appeal to emotion
False Dilemma/Either-or/Black and White
creates the impression that everybody is doing it and so shou…
a conclusion based on insufficient or unrepresented evidence
wording that attempts to influence the listener or reader by…
oversimplification: an argent in which only two alternatives…
Bandwagon
creates the impression that everybody is doing it and so shou…
Hasty Generalization
a conclusion based on insufficient or unrepresented evidence
10 terms
Logic Fallacies
Bandwagon
Emotional
Straw Man
Ad Hominem
Joining a cause because of its popularity... "Hop on the bandwag…
a fallacy that uses emotional appeal instead of to win argume…
when a person simply ignores a person's actual position and s…
directing negative comments on another person's character rat…
Bandwagon
Joining a cause because of its popularity... "Hop on the bandwag…
Emotional
a fallacy that uses emotional appeal instead of to win argume…
17 terms
Logic Fallacies
False Dilemma
Appeal to fear
appeal to ignorance
affirming the consequent
when only two choices are presented, and it is assumed those…
making audience imagine a scary future that they would make i…
when a claim must be true because their is no evidence to pro…
if A then C, hence A. ex) people who go to college are succes…
False Dilemma
when only two choices are presented, and it is assumed those…
Appeal to fear
making audience imagine a scary future that they would make i…
30 terms
Logic fallacies
Fallacy
Non sequitur
Formal fallacy
Informal fallacies
An error in reasoning other than false premises.
Conclusion does not follow
Error in form / structure of argument.
Focus on emotion / irrelevance.
Fallacy
An error in reasoning other than false premises.
Non sequitur
Conclusion does not follow
24 terms
Logic/Fallacies
accent
ad hominem
ambiguity
appeal to authority
Implying something (rather than arguing for it) by the way a…
Latin for arguing "against the person." Trying to undermine a…
When a term can have more than one meaning in an argument.... S…
The flip side of ad hominem--trying to prove a point by relyi…
accent
Implying something (rather than arguing for it) by the way a…
ad hominem
Latin for arguing "against the person." Trying to undermine a…
40 terms
Logical Fallacies
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring
Ad-hominem
Tu quoque
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Dismissing someone's argument because he or she is being hypo…
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
Red Herring
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
33 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Special Pleading
The Gambler's Fallacy
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy of logical argument in which the writer suppresses…
The belief that the odds of a chance event increase if the ev…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
28 terms
Philosophy: Logic and Logical Fallacies
Inductive Reasoning Process
Deductive Reasoning Process
Difference between Induction and Deduc…
Critical Thinking
Observation, Pattern, Tentative Hypothesis, Theory. Using pas…
Theory, Hypothesis, Testing, Observation, Reject/ Not Reject
Deductive arguments are invalid or valid. Inductive arguments…
Mix of inductive and deductive processes. ... Theory,Hypothesis…
Inductive Reasoning Process
Observation, Pattern, Tentative Hypothesis, Theory. Using pas…
Deductive Reasoning Process
Theory, Hypothesis, Testing, Observation, Reject/ Not Reject
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
characterized by a mistake or error in…
My opponent tells lies all of the time…
Everyone knows that Oralzap is the bes…
Steph Curry is the greatest basketball…
Verbal Fallacy
Two wrongs make a right.
Bandwagon
Appeal to False Authority
characterized by a mistake or error in…
Verbal Fallacy
My opponent tells lies all of the time…
Two wrongs make a right.
11 terms
Logic fallacies
False cause
Bandwagon
Appeal to false authority
Begging the question
A questionable cause where it is incorrectly defined.
Doing what everyone else does because it seems cool.
The authority is not an authority on the facts relevant to th…
Question something that could be true or getting a second opi…
False cause
A questionable cause where it is incorrectly defined.
Bandwagon
Doing what everyone else does because it seems cool.
15 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Poisoning the Well
Arguing In A Circle/Begging the Questi…
Bandwagon
bringing attention to the person advocating the opposite posi…
insulting your opponent/bringing attention to the person advo…
Trying to prove a point by restating the claim without eviden…
Implies something is right because everyone is doing it. Conf…
Ad Hominem
bringing attention to the person advocating the opposite posi…
Poisoning the Well
insulting your opponent/bringing attention to the person advo…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
With this fallacy a writer uses attrac…
Using words and phrases that carry eit…
The appeal to Emotion takes place when…
Referring to respected sources or auth…
Glittering Generalities
Loaded Language
Appeal to emotion
Appeal to authority
With this fallacy a writer uses attrac…
Glittering Generalities
Using words and phrases that carry eit…
Loaded Language
16 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ad Populum
Ad Homenem
Circular Reasoning
Weak Analogy
It appeals in the masses it is also referred as the bandwagon…
This is when a person attacks someone instead of their argume…
This is where one statement is used to prove another statement.
This fallacy is an analogy is used to disprove or prove an ar…
Ad Populum
It appeals in the masses it is also referred as the bandwagon…
Ad Homenem
This is when a person attacks someone instead of their argume…
16 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ad Populum
Ad Homenem
Circular Reasoning
Weak Analogy
It appeals in the masses it is also referred as the bandwagon…
This is when a person attacks someone instead of their argume…
This is where one statement is used to prove another statement.
A weak analogy is an analogy is used to disprove or prove an…
Ad Populum
It appeals in the masses it is also referred as the bandwagon…
Ad Homenem
This is when a person attacks someone instead of their argume…
18 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ipse dixit
Ad populum
Ad baculum
Ad hominem
"He has said it himself" when an illegitimate appeal is made…
"To the masses" imbalanced appeal
"To the stick" appeal to force
"To the man" verbally attacking a person instead of his irgum…
Ipse dixit
"He has said it himself" when an illegitimate appeal is made…
Ad populum
"To the masses" imbalanced appeal
53 terms
Logic Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Slanting
Is using the same term in two or more different sense in the…
Amphibolies are a lot like equivocation but they are distinct…
Accent uses the way you say things to infer a different meani…
Ok so the book says that slanting is a form of begging the qu…
Equivocation
Is using the same term in two or more different sense in the…
Amphiboly
Amphibolies are a lot like equivocation but they are distinct…
13 terms
Fallacies of logic
Begging the question
Either-or
False Analogies
Hasty Generalization
The fallacy of begging the question occurs when the claim is…
the either-or Fallacy suggests that there are only two choice…
Analogies always depends on the degree of resemblance of one…
A broad claim made on the basis of a few years.
Begging the question
The fallacy of begging the question occurs when the claim is…
Either-or
the either-or Fallacy suggests that there are only two choice…
18 terms
Logic Fallacies
Ipse Dixit
Ad populum
Ad Baculum
Ad hominem
an illegitimate appeal to authority
Appeal to people,masses, or popularity
An illegitimate appeal to force.
A Fallacy that attacks the person, not the actual argument
Ipse Dixit
an illegitimate appeal to authority
Ad populum
Appeal to people,masses, or popularity
30 terms
Logic Fallacies
Argumentum ad Baculum
Argumentum ad Crumenam
Argumentum ad Hominum
Argumentum ad Ignorantiam
The fallacy committed when one appeals to force or the threat…
"Argument of the purse"; The argument that because the spokes…
The fallacy of attacking the character or circumstances of an…
Fallacy that a statement is true based on that it has not bee…
Argumentum ad Baculum
The fallacy committed when one appeals to force or the threat…
Argumentum ad Crumenam
"Argument of the purse"; The argument that because the spokes…
44 terms
Fallacies in Logic
Appeal to the Person
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to the Masses
Appeal to Tradition
When someone tries to rebut an argument by criticizing or den…
We often try to support our views by citing experts.
A remarkably common but fallacious form of reasoning is, "It…
We appeal to tradition when we argue that something must be t…
Appeal to the Person
When someone tries to rebut an argument by criticizing or den…
Appeal to Authority
We often try to support our views by citing experts.
23 terms
Logic: Fallacies
Straw Man
Fallacy of Division (Whole to Part)
Fallacy of Confusing the Natural with…
The Genetic Fallacy
Republicans favor capitalism, which can be distilled to the G…
Bald eagles are disappearing as a species, so we can expect t…
Homosexuality occurs naturally in nature so there's nothing a…
According to Marx, religion is the opiate of the masses, so j…
Straw Man
Republicans favor capitalism, which can be distilled to the G…
Fallacy of Division (Whole to Part)
Bald eagles are disappearing as a species, so we can expect t…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Force
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to the Popular
Attacking the individual instead of the argument
Telling the hearer that something bad will happen to them if…
Urging the hearer to accept the argument based upon an appeal…
Urging the hearer to accept a position because a majority of…
Ad Hominem
Attacking the individual instead of the argument
Appeal to Force
Telling the hearer that something bad will happen to them if…
16 terms
Logic Fallacies
Division
Begging the question (Pititio principle)
Affirming a disjunct
Ad Hominen
When one reasons mistakenly from the attributes of one of it'…
When one assumes in the premises of an argument the truth of…
This holiday we're going to France or Germany, I went to Fran…
When correct reasoning about some issue is replaced by an att…
Division
When one reasons mistakenly from the attributes of one of it'…
Begging the question (Pititio principle)
When one assumes in the premises of an argument the truth of…
30 terms
Logic-Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem Abusive
Ad Hominem-Attack on Motivation
Ad hominem To Quoque-Look Who's Talking
An argument that contains a mistake in reasoning
An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking t…
Arguer criticizes a person's motivation for offering a partic…
An arguer rejects another person's argument or claim because…
Fallacy
An argument that contains a mistake in reasoning
Ad Hominem Abusive
An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking t…
21 terms
Logical Fallacies: The Power of Logic
Formal Fallacy
Informal Fallacy
Ad Hominem Fallacy
Abusive Ad Hominem Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that involves the explicit use of an…
Is an error in reasoning that does not involve the explicit u…
Involves attacking the person who advances an argument (or as…
Involves an attempt to discredit an argument or view by launc…
Formal Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that involves the explicit use of an…
Informal Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that does not involve the explicit u…
37 terms
Logic fallacies
Ad baculum
Ad misericordiam
Ad populum
Faulty appeals to emotion
Making the audience afraid of the consequences of not agreein…
Appeal to pity
To the people ... Popular
Sways someone's view with emotions
Ad baculum
Making the audience afraid of the consequences of not agreein…
Ad misericordiam
Appeal to pity
37 terms
Logic Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Hypostatization
An ambiguity shift between two or more legitimate meaning of…
An ambiguity shift caused by faulty sentence structure
A statement that is ambiguous because its intended tone or vo…
The treatment of abstract terms like concrete ones.
Equivocation
An ambiguity shift between two or more legitimate meaning of…
Amphiboly
An ambiguity shift caused by faulty sentence structure
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
strawman
Appeal to Emotion
Slippery Slope
ad hominem
LF: assumes giving to one thing is taking from another
LF: caused by manipulating emotion rather than presenting a f…
LF: which links one idea to a chain that leads to an agreed B…
LF: which attacks the character or personality rather than th…
strawman
LF: assumes giving to one thing is taking from another
Appeal to Emotion
LF: caused by manipulating emotion rather than presenting a f…
10 terms
Fallacies of Logic
Ad hominem fallacy
Ad populum fallacy
Begging the question
Circular reasoning
"To the individual," the target's person's characteristics ar…
"To the crowd," a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
Taking for granted something that really needs proving... Ex. "F…
Trying to prove one idea with another idea that is too simila…
Ad hominem fallacy
"To the individual," the target's person's characteristics ar…
Ad populum fallacy
"To the crowd," a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
26 terms
Logic: Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Attacking the Man
Using a word with two different senses
Being unclear in syntax
Being unclear in the stressed word
Arguing against someone's personality instead of their argument
Equivocation
Using a word with two different senses
Amphiboly
Being unclear in syntax
14 terms
Logical Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
Missing the Point
Post Hoc (False Clause)
Slippery Slope
Making assumptions about a whole group or range of causes bas…
The premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
the logical fallacy of believing that temporal succession imp…
a fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
Hasty Generalization
Making assumptions about a whole group or range of causes bas…
Missing the Point
The premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
21 terms
Fallacies and Logic
premises
valid conclusion
invalid conclusion
sound
two statements you use to make a conclusion
A conclusion in which the logic is valid... Ex: No philosophers…
A conclusion in which the logic is invalid... Ex: All robins ha…
When all statements are true
premises
two statements you use to make a conclusion
valid conclusion
A conclusion in which the logic is valid... Ex: No philosophers…
40 terms
Logical Fallacies
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring
Ad-hominem
Tu quoque
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Dismissing someone's argument because he or she is being hypo…
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
Red Herring
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
19 terms
Logical Fallacies
logical fallacy
objective
position
morality
an error in reasoning
a viewpoint which presents all sides of... an argument fairly
the side a speaker or author takes on a ... given issue; claim
distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior.
logical fallacy
an error in reasoning
objective
a viewpoint which presents all sides of... an argument fairly
Logic - fallacies
What is an argument?
What is a fallacy?
Argumentum ad baculum
Argumentum ad hominem - direct attack
An argument is a piece of reasoning meant to justify/support…
An argument is fallacious when the underlying reasoning is... er…
appeal to force in order to either silence... or threaten the op…
Character or other irrelevant personal qualities of the oppon…
What is an argument?
An argument is a piece of reasoning meant to justify/support…
What is a fallacy?
An argument is fallacious when the underlying reasoning is... er…
30 terms
Logical Fallacies
logical fallacies
strawman
middle ground
false cause
Incorrect reasoning (often intentional) in argument. Fallacie…
You distort, exaggerate, or misrepresent an opponent's positi…
Middle position between two extremes must be correct simply b…
A fallacy that occurs when the alleged cause fails to be rela…
logical fallacies
Incorrect reasoning (often intentional) in argument. Fallacie…
strawman
You distort, exaggerate, or misrepresent an opponent's positi…
33 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Special Pleading
The Gambler's Fallacy
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy of logical argument in which the writer suppresses…
The belief that the odds of a chance event increase if the ev…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
57 terms
Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem Argument
Appeal to closure
Appeal to Heaven, or Manifest Destiny
Appeal to Pity
To refute fact by personal attack on character or reputation.…
The belief that a point has to be accepted or there is no clo…
Asserting that god or history or a higher power has ordered,…
Urging to root for the underdog, regardless of context.
Ad Hominem Argument
To refute fact by personal attack on character or reputation.…
Appeal to closure
The belief that a point has to be accepted or there is no clo…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to the Stone
Bandwagon
Attacking the person instead of the argument.
Just because an expert says it doesn't automatically make it…
Dismissing an argument without proof.
Just because everyone else is saying it doesn't make it true.
Ad Hominem
Attacking the person instead of the argument.
Appeal to Authority
Just because an expert says it doesn't automatically make it…
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