Study sets matching "logic fallacies"

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Study sets matching "logic fallacies"

Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Fear
Ad Hominem (attack on character)
Bandwagon
Slippery Slope
attempt to frighten one into an action or into accepting a be…
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Everybody is doing it, so it must be good.
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
Appeal to Fear
attempt to frighten one into an action or into accepting a be…
Ad Hominem (attack on character)
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
40 terms
Logical Fallacies
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring
Ad-hominem
Tu quoque
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Dismissing someone's argument because he or she is being hypo…
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
Red Herring
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
33 terms
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Special Pleading
The Gambler's Fallacy
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
A fallacy of logical argument in which the writer suppresses…
The belief that the odds of a chance event increase if the ev…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone else's argument to make it easier to…
Slippery Slope
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
logic fallacies
Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle
Fallacy of Illicit Minor
Fallacy of the Illicit Major
Fallacy of an Affirmative from a Negat…
An error that occurs when the middle term is not distributed…
An error that occurs when the minor term is distributed in th…
An error that occurs when the major term is distributed in th…
An error that occurs when an affirmative conclusion is drawn…
Fallacy of the Undistributed Middle
An error that occurs when the middle term is not distributed…
Fallacy of Illicit Minor
An error that occurs when the minor term is distributed in th…
Logic Fallacies
Genetic Fallacy
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Tu Quoque
addresses the "genesis" or beginning of something, "Since you…
bringing something into the argument which is true but irrele…
Personal attack on a person's character (You did something ba…
Latin for "you too", dismissing someone's viewpoint on an iss…
Genetic Fallacy
addresses the "genesis" or beginning of something, "Since you…
Red Herring
bringing something into the argument which is true but irrele…
Logical Fallacies
Strawman
appeal to emotion/Pathos
slippery sloap
ad hominem
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You said that if we allow A to happen, then Z will eventually…
You attacked your opponent's character or personal traits in…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
appeal to emotion/Pathos
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
10 terms
Logical Fallacies
unqualification generalization (dicto…
hasty generalization
name calling
appeal to pity
an argument based on a generalization that is totally inclusi…
a conclusion drawn from too few samples
an argument attacking the man rather than the issue
an attempt to arouse strong feelings or sympathy in order to…
unqualification generalization (dicto…
an argument based on a generalization that is totally inclusi…
hasty generalization
a conclusion drawn from too few samples
53 terms
Logic Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Slanting
Is using the same term in two or more different sense in the…
Amphibolies are a lot like equivocation but they are distinct…
Accent uses the way you say things to infer a different meani…
Ok so the book says that slanting is a form of begging the qu…
Equivocation
Is using the same term in two or more different sense in the…
Amphiboly
Amphibolies are a lot like equivocation but they are distinct…
Fallacies of logic
Begging the question
Either-or
False Analogies
Hasty Generalization
The fallacy of begging the question occurs when the claim is…
the either-or Fallacy suggests that there are only two choice…
Analogies always depends on the degree of resemblance of one…
A broad claim made on the basis of a few years.
Begging the question
The fallacy of begging the question occurs when the claim is…
Either-or
the either-or Fallacy suggests that there are only two choice…
Logic: Fallacies
Straw Man
Fallacy of Division (Whole to Part)
Fallacy of Confusing the Natural with…
The Genetic Fallacy
Republicans favor capitalism, which can be distilled to the G…
Bald eagles are disappearing as a species, so we can expect t…
Homosexuality occurs naturally in nature so there's nothing a…
According to Marx, religion is the opiate of the masses, so j…
Straw Man
Republicans favor capitalism, which can be distilled to the G…
Fallacy of Division (Whole to Part)
Bald eagles are disappearing as a species, so we can expect t…
Logic Fallacies
Argumentum ad Baculum
Argumentum ad Crumenam
Argumentum ad Hominum
Argumentum ad Ignorantiam
The fallacy committed when one appeals to force or the threat…
"Argument of the purse"; The argument that because the spokes…
The fallacy of attacking the character or circumstances of an…
Fallacy that a statement is true based on that it has not bee…
Argumentum ad Baculum
The fallacy committed when one appeals to force or the threat…
Argumentum ad Crumenam
"Argument of the purse"; The argument that because the spokes…
16 terms
Logic Fallacies
Division
Begging the question (Pititio principle)
Affirming a disjunct
Ad Hominen
When one reasons mistakenly from the attributes of one of it'…
When one assumes in the premises of an argument the truth of…
This holiday we're going to France or Germany, I went to Fran…
When correct reasoning about some issue is replaced by an att…
Division
When one reasons mistakenly from the attributes of one of it'…
Begging the question (Pititio principle)
When one assumes in the premises of an argument the truth of…
37 terms
Logic fallacies
Ad baculum
Ad misericordiam
Ad populum
Faulty appeals to emotion
Making the audience afraid of the consequences of not agreein…
Appeal to pity
To the people ... Popular
Sways someone's view with emotions
Ad baculum
Making the audience afraid of the consequences of not agreein…
Ad misericordiam
Appeal to pity
37 terms
Logic Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Hypostatization
An ambiguity shift between two or more legitimate meaning of…
An ambiguity shift caused by faulty sentence structure
A statement that is ambiguous because its intended tone or vo…
The treatment of abstract terms like concrete ones.
Equivocation
An ambiguity shift between two or more legitimate meaning of…
Amphiboly
An ambiguity shift caused by faulty sentence structure
Logic Fallacies
Ipse dixit
Ad populum
Ad baculum
Ad hominem
"He has said it himself" when an illegitimate appeal is made…
"To the masses" imbalanced appeal
"To the stick" appeal to force
"To the man" verbally attacking a person instead of his irgum…
Ipse dixit
"He has said it himself" when an illegitimate appeal is made…
Ad populum
"To the masses" imbalanced appeal
17 terms
logical fallacies
Ad Baculum
Ad Populum
Ad Misericordiam
Personal Incredulity
A fallacy of distraction that inappropriately attempts to per…
A fallacy of distraction that attempts to show a proposition…
A fallacy of distraction that attempts to distract from the t…
A fallacy of distraction that denies a conclusion solely base…
Ad Baculum
A fallacy of distraction that inappropriately attempts to per…
Ad Populum
A fallacy of distraction that attempts to show a proposition…
Logic-Fallacies
Fallacy
Ad Hominem Abusive
Ad Hominem-Attack on Motivation
Ad hominem To Quoque-Look Who's Talking
An argument that contains a mistake in reasoning
An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking t…
Arguer criticizes a person's motivation for offering a partic…
An arguer rejects another person's argument or claim because…
Fallacy
An argument that contains a mistake in reasoning
Ad Hominem Abusive
An arguer rejects a person's argument or claim by attacking t…
26 terms
Logic: Fallacies
Equivocation
Amphiboly
Accent
Attacking the Man
Using a word with two different senses
Being unclear in syntax
Being unclear in the stressed word
Arguing against someone's personality instead of their argument
Equivocation
Using a word with two different senses
Amphiboly
Being unclear in syntax
9 terms
Logic Fallacies
Appeal to fear
appeal to pity
Bandwagon
Exigency
appeal to fear is a propaganda technique. Appeal to fear is u…
someone tries to make you do something because we pity them o…
When you do something because everyone else is doing it.
When a time limit is given to make someone do what we want.
Appeal to fear
appeal to fear is a propaganda technique. Appeal to fear is u…
appeal to pity
someone tries to make you do something because we pity them o…
Logic Fallacies
Bandwagon
Emotional
Straw Man
Ad Hominem
Joining a cause because of its popularity... "Hop on the bandwag…
a fallacy that uses emotional appeal instead of to win argume…
when a person simply ignores a person's actual position and s…
directing negative comments on another person's character rat…
Bandwagon
Joining a cause because of its popularity... "Hop on the bandwag…
Emotional
a fallacy that uses emotional appeal instead of to win argume…
Logic fallacies
Fallacy
Non sequitur
Formal fallacy
Informal fallacies
An error in reasoning other than false premises.
Conclusion does not follow
Error in form / structure of argument.
Focus on emotion / irrelevance.
Fallacy
An error in reasoning other than false premises.
Non sequitur
Conclusion does not follow
7 terms
Fallacies Logic
Hasty generation
Faulty causality
begging the question
equivocation
Making a conclusion using to little evidence
Refers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause…
assuming the conclusion of an argument", a type of circular r…
A key term in an argument changes meaning during the course o…
Hasty generation
Making a conclusion using to little evidence
Faulty causality
Refers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause…
Logic Fallacies
Ipse dixit
Ad populum
Ad baculum
Ad hominen
an illegitimate appeal to authority
an illegitimate appeal to a majority
an illegitimate appeal to force
a verbal attack on a person rather than his argument
Ipse dixit
an illegitimate appeal to authority
Ad populum
an illegitimate appeal to a majority
17 terms
Logic Fallacies
False Dilemma
Appeal to fear
appeal to ignorance
affirming the consequent
when only two choices are presented, and it is assumed those…
making audience imagine a scary future that they would make i…
when a claim must be true because their is no evidence to pro…
if A then C, hence A. ex) people who go to college are succes…
False Dilemma
when only two choices are presented, and it is assumed those…
Appeal to fear
making audience imagine a scary future that they would make i…
24 terms
Logic/Fallacies
accent
ad hominem
ambiguity
appeal to authority
Implying something (rather than arguing for it) by the way a…
Latin for arguing "against the person." Trying to undermine a…
When a term can have more than one meaning in an argument.... S…
The flip side of ad hominem--trying to prove a point by relyi…
accent
Implying something (rather than arguing for it) by the way a…
ad hominem
Latin for arguing "against the person." Trying to undermine a…
Logic Fallacies
Loaded Term/Language
False Assumption
Leading Question
Incorrect Premise
A term or phrase with strongly positive or negative connotati…
Flawed ideas the emerge when a reader pieces information toge…
A question worded to suggest the desired response.... ex. "What…
A faulty idea that is used as the foundation of an argument.…
Loaded Term/Language
A term or phrase with strongly positive or negative connotati…
False Assumption
Flawed ideas the emerge when a reader pieces information toge…
Philosophy: Logic and Logical Fallacies
Inductive Reasoning Process
Deductive Reasoning Process
Difference between Induction and Deduc…
Critical Thinking
Observation, Pattern, Tentative Hypothesis, Theory. Using pas…
Theory, Hypothesis, Testing, Observation, Reject/ Not Reject
Deductive arguments are invalid or valid. Inductive arguments…
Mix of inductive and deductive processes. ... Theory,Hypothesis…
Inductive Reasoning Process
Observation, Pattern, Tentative Hypothesis, Theory. Using pas…
Deductive Reasoning Process
Theory, Hypothesis, Testing, Observation, Reject/ Not Reject
Logic fallacies
False cause
Bandwagon
Appeal to false authority
Begging the question
A questionable cause where it is incorrectly defined.
Doing what everyone else does because it seems cool.
The authority is not an authority on the facts relevant to th…
Question something that could be true or getting a second opi…
False cause
A questionable cause where it is incorrectly defined.
Bandwagon
Doing what everyone else does because it seems cool.
40 terms
Logical Fallacies
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring
Ad-hominem
Tu quoque
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Dismissing someone's argument because he or she is being hypo…
Avoiding the Question
Red Herring Fallacy... Ad Hominem... Tu Quoque... Faulty Appeal to Aut…
Red Herring
A red herring is the introduction of an irrelevant or random…
Logic Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Poisoning the Well
Arguing In A Circle/Begging the Questi…
Bandwagon
bringing attention to the person advocating the opposite posi…
insulting your opponent/bringing attention to the person advo…
Trying to prove a point by restating the claim without eviden…
Implies something is right because everyone is doing it. Conf…
Ad Hominem
bringing attention to the person advocating the opposite posi…
Poisoning the Well
insulting your opponent/bringing attention to the person advo…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies
Bandwagon
Hasty Generalization
Appeal to emotion
False Dilemma/Either-or/Black and White
creates the impression that everybody is doing it and so shou…
a conclusion based on insufficient or unrepresented evidence
wording that attempts to influence the listener or reader by…
oversimplification: an argent in which only two alternatives…
Bandwagon
creates the impression that everybody is doing it and so shou…
Hasty Generalization
a conclusion based on insufficient or unrepresented evidence
9 terms
Fallacies of Logic
Fallacy of Four Terms
Fallacy of Equivocation
Fallacy of Illicit Process
Fallacy of Illicit Major
Violation of Rule 1; committed when a syllogism has more than…
Violation of Rule 1; committed when the middle term is used e…
Violation of Rule 3; committed when a term is not distributed…
Violation of Rule 3, one of the two ways to commit the Fallac…
Fallacy of Four Terms
Violation of Rule 1; committed when a syllogism has more than…
Fallacy of Equivocation
Violation of Rule 1; committed when the middle term is used e…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies
characterized by a mistake or error in…
My opponent tells lies all of the time…
Everyone knows that Oralzap is the bes…
Steph Curry is the greatest basketball…
Verbal Fallacy
Two wrongs make a right.
Bandwagon
Appeal to False Authority
characterized by a mistake or error in…
Verbal Fallacy
My opponent tells lies all of the time…
Two wrongs make a right.
15 terms
Logic and Fallacies
confirmation bias
bandwagon effect
wishful thinking
framing bias
the tendency to view information in a way that validates our…
the human tendency to make decisions on the basis of the majo…
irrational optimism; form conclusions based on idealized imag…
when an individual is presented with two identical options th…
confirmation bias
the tendency to view information in a way that validates our…
bandwagon effect
the human tendency to make decisions on the basis of the majo…
Logical Fallacies: The Power of Logic
Formal Fallacy
Informal Fallacy
Ad Hominem Fallacy
Abusive Ad Hominem Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that involves the explicit use of an…
Is an error in reasoning that does not involve the explicit u…
Involves attacking the person who advances an argument (or as…
Involves an attempt to discredit an argument or view by launc…
Formal Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that involves the explicit use of an…
Informal Fallacy
Is an error in reasoning that does not involve the explicit u…
25 terms
Informal Logic: Logical Fallacies
Fallacies of Audience-- Abusive Ad Hom…
Fallacies of Audience--Tu Quo Que
Fallacies of Audience-- Ad Populum (Ba…
Fallacies of Audience-- Straw Man
DEFINITION: ... Sidetracks the issues by attacking the person... D…
DEFINITION:... Attempts to discredit an argument based on a pers…
DEFINITION:... Convinces by arguing an idea's popularity... DETAIL…
DEFINITION:... A weakened misrepresentation of an opponent's vie…
Fallacies of Audience-- Abusive Ad Hom…
DEFINITION: ... Sidetracks the issues by attacking the person... D…
Fallacies of Audience--Tu Quo Que
DEFINITION:... Attempts to discredit an argument based on a pers…
21 terms
Logic Fallacies
Strawman
False Cause
Ad Hominem
False Dichotomy (Black or white; eithe…
After Will said that we should put more money into health and…
Pointing to a fancy chart, Roger shows how temperatures have…
After Sally presents an eloquent and compelling case for a mo…
Whilst rallying support for his plan to fundamentally undermi…
Strawman
After Will said that we should put more money into health and…
False Cause
Pointing to a fancy chart, Roger shows how temperatures have…
Fallacies of Logic
Begging the question
Cherry-picking the evidence
Common knowledge fallacy
Either-or
Occurs when the claim is restated and passed off as evidence.
Leaving out significant facts, usually because they do not su…
Assumes that stories and statistics that are widely dissemina…
There are only two choices in a complex situation.
Begging the question
Occurs when the claim is restated and passed off as evidence.
Cherry-picking the evidence
Leaving out significant facts, usually because they do not su…
34 terms
logical fallacies
Red herring-
Faulty analogy-
Testimonial-
Slippery slope-
premise: changing to Geico is for the better warrant: because…
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant; if i…
premise: use this product... warrant: Selma Hayek does
premise: by keeping up with Xfinity you will keep up with you…
Red herring-
premise: changing to Geico is for the better warrant: because…
Faulty analogy-
premise: using curel will make your skin smooth... warrant; if i…
24 terms
2017 AJHD Logic - Logical Fallacies
Strawman
false cause
appeal to emotion
the fallacy fallacy
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
You presumed that a real or perceived relationship between th…
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You presumed that because a claim has been poorly argued, or…
Strawman
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
false cause
You presumed that a real or perceived relationship between th…
Logical Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
Missing the Point
Post Hoc (False Clause)
Slippery Slope
Making assumptions about a whole group or range of causes bas…
The premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
the logical fallacy of believing that temporal succession imp…
a fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to…
Hasty Generalization
Making assumptions about a whole group or range of causes bas…
Missing the Point
The premises of an argument do support a particular conclusio…
18 terms
Fallacies of Logic
Appeal to false authority
Appeal to emotion
Bandwagon appeal
Ad Hominem
IF the "expert" does not have obvious, pertinent expertise, t…
The appeal to pity takes place when an arguer tries to get pe…
An emotional appeal that argues that a person will like somet…
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
Appeal to false authority
IF the "expert" does not have obvious, pertinent expertise, t…
Appeal to emotion
The appeal to pity takes place when an arguer tries to get pe…
Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem Argument
Appeal to closure
Appeal to Heaven, or Manifest Destiny
Appeal to Pity
To refute fact by personal attack on character or reputation.…
The belief that a point has to be accepted or there is no clo…
Asserting that god or history or a higher power has ordered,…
Urging to root for the underdog, regardless of context.
Ad Hominem Argument
To refute fact by personal attack on character or reputation.…
Appeal to closure
The belief that a point has to be accepted or there is no clo…
7 terms
Logical Fallacies
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Causality or Post Hoc
Non Sequitur
Equivocation
draws conclusions from scanty/limited evidence
arguments confuse chronology with causation; one event can oc…
"it doesn't follow"... statement that does not logically relate…
a half-truth or statement that is partially correct but that…
Hasty Generalization
draws conclusions from scanty/limited evidence
Faulty Causality or Post Hoc
arguments confuse chronology with causation; one event can oc…
10 terms
Fallacies of Logic
Ad hominem fallacy
Ad populum fallacy
Begging the question
Circular reasoning
"To the individual," the target's person's characteristics ar…
"To the crowd," a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
Taking for granted something that really needs proving... Ex. "F…
Trying to prove one idea with another idea that is too simila…
Ad hominem fallacy
"To the individual," the target's person's characteristics ar…
Ad populum fallacy
"To the crowd," a misconception that a widespread occurrence…
Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to the Stone
Bandwagon
Attacking the person instead of the argument.
Just because an expert says it doesn't automatically make it…
Dismissing an argument without proof.
Just because everyone else is saying it doesn't make it true.
Ad Hominem
Attacking the person instead of the argument.
Appeal to Authority
Just because an expert says it doesn't automatically make it…
Logical Fallacies
strawman
Appeal to Emotion
Slippery Slope
ad hominem
LF: assumes giving to one thing is taking from another
LF: caused by manipulating emotion rather than presenting a f…
LF: which links one idea to a chain that leads to an agreed B…
LF: which attacks the character or personality rather than th…
strawman
LF: assumes giving to one thing is taking from another
Appeal to Emotion
LF: caused by manipulating emotion rather than presenting a f…
28 terms
Logical Fallacies
Red Herring
Special Pleading
ad hominim
Genetic Fallacy
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
When someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
Attacks the individual instead of the argument
Condemning an argument because of where it came from and how…
Red Herring
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert atten…
Special Pleading
When someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
27 terms
Fallacies and Logic
logic
inductive
deductive
syllogism
Describes the use of valid reasoning, A system of argument ba…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
Reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a gener…
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a co…
logic
Describes the use of valid reasoning, A system of argument ba…
inductive
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to Pity
Poisoning the Well
Appeal to Tradition
"Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, look at this miserable man…
is a fallacy in which someone tries to win support for an arg…
Unfavorable information (be it true or false) about someone i…
something is better or correct simply because it is older, ha…
Appeal to Pity
"Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, look at this miserable man…
Appeal to Pity
is a fallacy in which someone tries to win support for an arg…
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