Study sets matching "logic"

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Study sets matching "logic"

5 terms
Logic
Statement
Conjuction
Disjunction
Conditional Statement
A sentence that is either True or False
A statement that is true iff both p and q are true
A statement that is true iff at least one of p and q is true.
If p, then q. Is true unless the antecedent is true and the c…
Statement
A sentence that is either True or False
Conjuction
A statement that is true iff both p and q are true
14 terms
Logic
AND
NAND
NOR
NOT
AND
NAND
61 terms
Logic
Term
Definition
Ambiguous
Vague
A concept that is expressed precisely in words.
A statement that gives the meaning of a term.
Has more than one definition
one whose extent is unclear
Term
A concept that is expressed precisely in words.
Definition
A statement that gives the meaning of a term.
5 terms
Logic
Term
Concept
Logic
Philosophy
External manifestation of concept
Internal representation of object
art and science of reasoning
love of wisdom
Term
External manifestation of concept
Concept
Internal representation of object
143 terms
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
Law of Non-contradiction
The science and art of reasoning well.
Any statement is either true or false.
If a statement is true, then it is true.
A statement cannot be both true and false.
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well.
Law of Excluded Middle
Any statement is either true or false.
22 terms
Logic
Logic
The law of identy
The law excluded middle
The law of noncontradition
The science and art of reasoning well
Anything that is true
Anything that is true or false
True can't be false so vice verse
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well
The law of identy
Anything that is true
logic
red herring
special pleading
ad hominem
genetic fallacy
whenever we introduce something irrelevant into an argument,…
when someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
is attacking an opponents character or his motives for believ…
is condemning an argument because of where it began, how it b…
red herring
whenever we introduce something irrelevant into an argument,…
special pleading
when someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
24 terms
Logic
Conditional Statement
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Negation
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
Part of a conditional statement that follows "Then"
Denial of a statement formed by adding or removing not from a…
Conditional Statement
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Hypothesis
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
Logic
1 term
1 definition
1 ambiguous word
1 lexical definition
a concept that can be expressed precisely
a statement that gives the meaning of a term
a word with more than one meaning
dictionary definition - a definition which shows relationship…
1 term
a concept that can be expressed precisely
1 definition
a statement that gives the meaning of a term
8 terms
LOGIC
Addition - Add
Conjuction Only
Constructive Dilemma
destructive dilemma
Addition - Add
Conjuction Only
140 terms
Logic
Logic
Argument
statement
premise
-the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates…
-a group of statements:... -one or more of which (the PREMISES)…
-a sentence that is either TRUE or FALSE... -typically a declara…
-the statement that sets forth the reasons/evidence
Logic
-the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates…
Argument
-a group of statements:... -one or more of which (the PREMISES)…
20 terms
Logic
Batman
Superman
Johnny Cage
Miley Cirus
A Vigilante that protects Arkham City
A NERD
A man in a cage
MC Jiggle
Batman
A Vigilante that protects Arkham City
Superman
A NERD
28 terms
Logic
dot
vee
tilde
arrow
"and"
"or"
"not"
"if - then"
dot
"and"
vee
"or"
20 terms
Logic
Validity
Argument
Premises
Conclusion
an argument is valid if and only if it is not possible for th…
set propositions in which only one is the conclusion and the…
a proposition that gives evidence/supports/provides reason to…
a proposition derived from the premises
Validity
an argument is valid if and only if it is not possible for th…
Argument
set propositions in which only one is the conclusion and the…
598 terms
Logic
ad hominem
the fallacy of accident
affirming the consequent
denying the antecedent
An attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.…
When a general rule is applied to a situation in which it was…
x->y to y->x... If it's a fish, then it lives under water.... If i…
x->y to (not y)->(not x)... If it's a fish, then it lives under…
ad hominem
An attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.…
the fallacy of accident
When a general rule is applied to a situation in which it was…
31 terms
Logic
Logic
Validity
Modus ponens
Declarative sentences
the study of the principles of correct reasoning
ensuring that conclusion follow from the assumptions
logical syllogism; uses the process of adding
definite assertions, e.g., "He is here."
Logic
the study of the principles of correct reasoning
Validity
ensuring that conclusion follow from the assumptions
10 terms
Logic
The traditional square of opposition.
If A is true, what is E?
If A is false, what is O?
If I is false, what is O?
False
True
True
The traditional square of opposition.
If A is true, what is E?
False
Logic
strawman fallacy
appeal to ignorance
ad vercundiam
ad baculum
the attempt to disprove an opponents position (accusing oppon…
claiming that an argument is true/likely because it can't be…
appeal to illegitimate authority
appeal to fear
strawman fallacy
the attempt to disprove an opponents position (accusing oppon…
appeal to ignorance
claiming that an argument is true/likely because it can't be…
9 terms
Logic
Aristotle's 3 laws of logic
Argument
Premise
Sound syllogism
1. Law of non-contradiction ... 2. Law of the excluded middle (m…
Series of statements consisting of a premise or premises and…
A factual statement, or proposition
Validity+truth
Aristotle's 3 laws of logic
1. Law of non-contradiction ... 2. Law of the excluded middle (m…
Argument
Series of statements consisting of a premise or premises and…
logic
deductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
counterexample
postulate
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusi…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
An example showing that a statement is false.
A statement that is accepted as true without proof
deductive reasoning
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusi…
inductive reasoning
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
11 terms
Logic
Logic
Reasoning
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
the science and art of reasoning well
drawing proper conclusions
a statement is either true or false not maybe
if a statement is true it is true
Logic
the science and art of reasoning well
Reasoning
drawing proper conclusions
6 terms
Logic
Conditional statement
Converse
Negation
Inverse
If p, then q
Converse of if p => q is if q => p
not p
if not p, then not q
Conditional statement
If p, then q
Converse
Converse of if p => q is if q => p
30 terms
Logic
fairmindedness, strong-sense thinking
sophist
intellectual unfairness
egocentrism
thinking of the other persons viewpoint as equally as my own,
someone who debates or argues selfishly
to lack a sense of responsibility to represent accurately and…
natural state of the human mind and struggles daily to not be…
fairmindedness, strong-sense thinking
thinking of the other persons viewpoint as equally as my own,
sophist
someone who debates or argues selfishly
logic
red herring
special pleading
ad hominem attack
genetic fallacy
a red herring introduces an irrelevant point into an argument…
when someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
an ad hominem attack is attacking an opponents character or h…
the genetic fallacy is condemning an argument because of wher…
red herring
a red herring introduces an irrelevant point into an argument…
special pleading
when someone uses a double standard or argues for an unjustif…
6 terms
Logic
Argument
Proposition
Sentence
Validity
a collection of statements, one of which is said to follow lo…
a state of affairs
a linguistic entity which expresses a proposition
argument where the truth of the premises guarantees the truth…
Argument
a collection of statements, one of which is said to follow lo…
Proposition
a state of affairs
logic
Ad fontem arguments
abusive
circumstantial
tu quoque
arguments that focus on the source of the argument, rather th…
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Arguments that try to discrredit an opponent because of his b…
Arguments that assume that a rival's recommendation should be…
Ad fontem arguments
arguments that focus on the source of the argument, rather th…
abusive
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Logic
Conditional Statement
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Negation
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
Part of a conditional statement that follows "Then"
Denial of a statement formed by adding or removing not from a…
Conditional Statement
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Hypothesis
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
37 terms
Logic
Premise
Assumption
Reiteration
Shortcut
...
...
...
...
Premise
...
Assumption
...
8 terms
LOGIC
Constructive Dilemma (CD)
Simplification
Conjunction
Addition
(p>q) (r>s)... p V r / q V s
p q / p
P... Q... p q
p... p v q
Constructive Dilemma (CD)
(p>q) (r>s)... p V r / q V s
Simplification
p q / p
22 terms
Logic
simple
negation
compound
disjunction
no connective (p)
has opposite meaning (Np)
has connective
or (pVq)
simple
no connective (p)
negation
has opposite meaning (Np)
Logic
a statement that reverses the subject…
a stament of the opposite quality with…
a statement that reverses and negates…
in at least on premise the middle term…
converse
obverse
contrapositive
Rule #1 Fallacy of the Undistibuted Middle
a statement that reverses the subject…
converse
a stament of the opposite quality with…
obverse
Logic
~
Not
Or
And
Conditional
~
Not
Or
5 terms
Logic
Reasoning
Trust worth authority observing reason…
Logic
Intuition
Belifes we already know
Three ways to learn
The science of correct reasoning
A reflex of your minf
Reasoning
Belifes we already know
Trust worth authority observing reason…
Three ways to learn
Equates positive characteristics of a…
Attacks an opponent's character when c…
Attempts to discredit an opponent's co…
Appeals to an irrelevant authority as…
transfer
ad hominem
tu quoque
ipse dixit
Equates positive characteristics of a…
transfer
Attacks an opponent's character when c…
ad hominem
18 terms
Logic
Simple statement
Compound statement
Conjunction
Truth Value
A statement that does not contain any other statement as a co…
a statement that has at least one simple statement as a compo…
Takes two simple statements and adds them together. represent…
The determination if the statement is true or false.. (how mu…
Simple statement
A statement that does not contain any other statement as a co…
Compound statement
a statement that has at least one simple statement as a compo…
Logic
The Law of Identity
Ambiguous
Statement
Self-supporting statement
If a statement is true, then it is true.
Words that have more than one possible meaning.
A sentence that is either true or false.
A statement whose truth value can be determined from the stat…
The Law of Identity
If a statement is true, then it is true.
Ambiguous
Words that have more than one possible meaning.
13 terms
Logic
Inclusive or (conjunction)
Exclusive or (conjunction)
And (disjunction)
Not (negation)
∨ underlined
Λ
¬
Inclusive or (conjunction)
Exclusive or (conjunction)
∨ underlined
17 terms
logic
Propositions
notation for propositions
negation
notation for negation
Statements which may be true or false
pqr
The opposite of a proposition
Propositions
Statements which may be true or false
notation for propositions
pqr
5 terms
logic
logic
statement
argument
syllogism
The science and art of reasoning well.
a sentence that it either true or false
a set of statements one of which appears to be implied by the…
a deductive argument with 2 premises and 3 terms
logic
The science and art of reasoning well.
statement
a sentence that it either true or false
11 terms
Logic
Enthymeme
Sorites
Propositional logic...
Modus ponens
argument that is incompletely stated
chain of syllogisms; predicate of one proposition becomes sub…
treats entire propositions as unites of meaning, which can be…
If P then Q. P --> Q.
Enthymeme
argument that is incompletely stated
Sorites
chain of syllogisms; predicate of one proposition becomes sub…
Logic
How do we acquire knowledge beyond exp…
Tautology
Arguments vs. Explanations
Truth and Validity
Through deductive reasoning
a proposition that does not need to be proved because it is l…
Arguments try to prove using evidence. Explanation already kn…
Arguments are either logically valid or invalid.
How do we acquire knowledge beyond exp…
Through deductive reasoning
Tautology
a proposition that does not need to be proved because it is l…
27 terms
Logic
Ad Hominem
Genetic Fallacy
Straw Man
To Quoque (You Too)
attacking an opponents character or his motives for believing…
Condemning an argument because of where it began how it began…
Changing or exaggerating an opponents position or argument to…
Dismissing someones viewpoint on an issue because he's incons…
Ad Hominem
attacking an opponents character or his motives for believing…
Genetic Fallacy
Condemning an argument because of where it began how it began…
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
Law of noncontradiction
the science and art of reasoning well
any statement is either true or false
if a statement is true, it is true
a statement cannot be both true and false
Logic
the science and art of reasoning well
Law of Excluded Middle
any statement is either true or false
Logic
Conditional
hypothosis
Conclusion
If then vs implies
If then form
follows if... (p)
follows then ... (q)
P IMPLIES Q
Conditional
If then form
hypothosis
follows if... (p)
42 terms
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded middle
Law of Identity
Law of Non- contradiction
The science and art of reasoning well
Any statement is either true or false
If a statement is true, then it is true
A statement cannot be both true and false
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well
Law of Excluded middle
Any statement is either true or false
26 terms
Logic
term1
term
oral term
terminus
1. from the standpoint of its being a sign of a concept
from the standpoint of its being the ultimate structural elem…
defined as articulate sound that serves as a conventional or…
the last element into which a proposition may broken down
term1
1. from the standpoint of its being a sign of a concept
term
from the standpoint of its being the ultimate structural elem…
13 terms
Logic
Logical Reasoning
Conjecture
Deductive Reasoning
Flow proof
methods to problem solving used to reach a conclusion
a statement believed to be true; an educated guess or hypothe…
the process of drawing conclusions based on facts
a deductive argument that shows statements and reasoning usin…
Logical Reasoning
methods to problem solving used to reach a conclusion
Conjecture
a statement believed to be true; an educated guess or hypothe…
Logic
Argumentum ad hominem
Argumentumad populum
Ad baculum
Ad misericordiam
Person attack
Appeal to the people
Threaths
Nagpapaawa.. Misery
Argumentum ad hominem
Person attack
Argumentumad populum
Appeal to the people
Logic
Formal
Natural
Richness
Ambiguity
languages that are normally created by a group of experts to…
language that evolved in a natural way through common use, co…
numerous way of conveying the same information; many sentence…
property of an expression that has more than one meaning; one…
Formal
languages that are normally created by a group of experts to…
Natural
language that evolved in a natural way through common use, co…
13 terms
Logic
proposition
conjunction: p ^ q
disjunction: p ∨ q
exclusive disjunction: p ⊻ q
statement that can only be true or false
one proposition AND the other
one OR the other
one OR the other BUT NOT BOTH
proposition
statement that can only be true or false
conjunction: p ^ q
one proposition AND the other
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