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Study sets matching "logic"

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Study sets matching "logic"

14 terms
Logic
AND
NAND
NOR
NOT
AND
NAND
143 terms
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
Law of Non-contradiction
The science and art of reasoning well.
Any statement is either true or false.
If a statement is true, then it is true.
A statement cannot be both true and false.
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well.
Law of Excluded Middle
Any statement is either true or false.
61 terms
Logic
Term
Definition
Ambiguous
Vague
A concept that is expressed precisely in words.
A statement that gives the meaning of a term.
Has more than one definition
one whose extent is unclear
Term
A concept that is expressed precisely in words.
Definition
A statement that gives the meaning of a term.
22 terms
Logic
Logic
The law of identy
The law excluded middle
The law of noncontradition
The science and art of reasoning well
Anything that is true
Anything that is true or false
True can't be false so vice verse
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well
The law of identy
Anything that is true
24 terms
Logic
Conditional Statement
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Negation
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
Part of a conditional statement that follows "Then"
Denial of a statement formed by adding or removing not from a…
Conditional Statement
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Hypothesis
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
44 terms
Logic
1 term
1 definition
1 ambiguous word
1 lexical definition
a concept that can be expressed precisely
a statement that gives the meaning of a term
a word with more than one meaning
dictionary definition - a definition which shows relationship…
1 term
a concept that can be expressed precisely
1 definition
a statement that gives the meaning of a term
8 terms
LOGIC
Addition - Add
Conjuction Only
Constructive Dilemma
destructive dilemma
Addition - Add
Conjuction Only
20 terms
Logic
Batman
Superman
Johnny Cage
Miley Cirus
A Vigilante that protects Arkham City
A NERD
A man in a cage
MC Jiggle
Batman
A Vigilante that protects Arkham City
Superman
A NERD
140 terms
Logic
Logic
Argument
statement
premise
-the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates…
-a group of statements:... -one or more of which (the PREMISES)…
-a sentence that is either TRUE or FALSE... -typically a declara…
-the statement that sets forth the reasons/evidence
Logic
-the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates…
Argument
-a group of statements:... -one or more of which (the PREMISES)…
28 terms
Logic
dot
vee
tilde
arrow
"and"
"or"
"not"
"if - then"
dot
"and"
vee
"or"
31 terms
Logic
Logic
Validity
Modus ponens
Declarative sentences
the study of the principles of correct reasoning
ensuring that conclusion follow from the assumptions
logical syllogism; uses the process of adding
definite assertions, e.g., "He is here."
Logic
the study of the principles of correct reasoning
Validity
ensuring that conclusion follow from the assumptions
598 terms
Logic
ad hominem
the fallacy of accident
affirming the consequent
denying the antecedent
An attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.…
When a general rule is applied to a situation in which it was…
x->y to y->x... If it's a fish, then it lives under water.... If i…
x->y to (not y)->(not x)... If it's a fish, then it lives under…
ad hominem
An attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.…
the fallacy of accident
When a general rule is applied to a situation in which it was…
10 terms
Logic
The traditional square of opposition.
If A is true, what is E?
If A is false, what is O?
If I is false, what is O?
False
True
True
The traditional square of opposition.
If A is true, what is E?
False
20 terms
Logic
Validity
Argument
Premises
Conclusion
an argument is valid if and only if it is not possible for th…
set propositions in which only one is the conclusion and the…
a proposition that gives evidence/supports/provides reason to…
a proposition derived from the premises
Validity
an argument is valid if and only if it is not possible for th…
Argument
set propositions in which only one is the conclusion and the…
28 terms
Logic
strawman fallacy
appeal to ignorance
ad vercundiam
ad baculum
the attempt to disprove an opponents position (accusing oppon…
claiming that an argument is true/likely because it can't be…
appeal to illegitimate authority
appeal to fear
strawman fallacy
the attempt to disprove an opponents position (accusing oppon…
appeal to ignorance
claiming that an argument is true/likely because it can't be…
9 terms
Logic
Aristotle's 3 laws of logic
Argument
Premise
Sound syllogism
1. Law of non-contradiction ... 2. Law of the excluded middle (m…
Series of statements consisting of a premise or premises and…
A factual statement, or proposition
Validity+truth
Aristotle's 3 laws of logic
1. Law of non-contradiction ... 2. Law of the excluded middle (m…
Argument
Series of statements consisting of a premise or premises and…
logic
deductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
counterexample
postulate
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusi…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
An example showing that a statement is false.
A statement that is accepted as true without proof
deductive reasoning
A method of reasoning by which specific definitions, conclusi…
inductive reasoning
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
11 terms
Logic
Logic
Reasoning
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
the science and art of reasoning well
drawing proper conclusions
a statement is either true or false not maybe
if a statement is true it is true
Logic
the science and art of reasoning well
Reasoning
drawing proper conclusions
30 terms
Logic
fairmindedness, strong-sense thinking
sophist
intellectual unfairness
egocentrism
thinking of the other persons viewpoint as equally as my own,
someone who debates or argues selfishly
to lack a sense of responsibility to represent accurately and…
natural state of the human mind and struggles daily to not be…
fairmindedness, strong-sense thinking
thinking of the other persons viewpoint as equally as my own,
sophist
someone who debates or argues selfishly
17 terms
Logic
Conditional Statement
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Negation
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
Part of a conditional statement that follows "Then"
Denial of a statement formed by adding or removing not from a…
Conditional Statement
Statement that can be written in "if...., then" form
Hypothesis
Part of a conditional statement that follows "if"
26 terms
logic
Ad fontem arguments
abusive
circumstantial
tu quoque
arguments that focus on the source of the argument, rather th…
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Arguments that try to discrredit an opponent because of his b…
Arguments that assume that a rival's recommendation should be…
Ad fontem arguments
arguments that focus on the source of the argument, rather th…
abusive
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
37 terms
Logic
Premise
Assumption
Reiteration
Shortcut
...
...
...
...
Premise
...
Assumption
...
8 terms
LOGIC
Constructive Dilemma (CD)
Simplification
Conjunction
Addition
(p>q) (r>s)... p V r / q V s
p q / p
P... Q... p q
p... p v q
Constructive Dilemma (CD)
(p>q) (r>s)... p V r / q V s
Simplification
p q / p
9 terms
Logic
a statement that reverses the subject…
a stament of the opposite quality with…
a statement that reverses and negates…
in at least on premise the middle term…
converse
obverse
contrapositive
Rule #1 Fallacy of the Undistibuted Middle
a statement that reverses the subject…
converse
a stament of the opposite quality with…
obverse
Logic
Equates positive characteristics of a…
Attacks an opponent's character when c…
Attempts to discredit an opponent's co…
Appeals to an irrelevant authority as…
transfer
ad hominem
tu quoque
ipse dixit
Equates positive characteristics of a…
transfer
Attacks an opponent's character when c…
ad hominem
18 terms
Logic
Simple statement
Compound statement
Conjunction
Truth Value
A statement that does not contain any other statement as a co…
a statement that has at least one simple statement as a compo…
Takes two simple statements and adds them together. represent…
The determination if the statement is true or false.. (how mu…
Simple statement
A statement that does not contain any other statement as a co…
Compound statement
a statement that has at least one simple statement as a compo…
15 terms
Logic
The Law of Identity
Ambiguous
Statement
Self-supporting statement
If a statement is true, then it is true.
Words that have more than one possible meaning.
A sentence that is either true or false.
A statement whose truth value can be determined from the stat…
The Law of Identity
If a statement is true, then it is true.
Ambiguous
Words that have more than one possible meaning.
13 terms
Logic
Inclusive or (conjunction)
Exclusive or (conjunction)
And (disjunction)
Not (negation)
∨ underlined
Λ
¬
Inclusive or (conjunction)
Exclusive or (conjunction)
∨ underlined
17 terms
logic
Propositions
notation for propositions
negation
notation for negation
Statements which may be true or false
pqr
The opposite of a proposition
Propositions
Statements which may be true or false
notation for propositions
pqr
11 terms
Logic
Enthymeme
Sorites
Propositional logic...
Modus ponens
argument that is incompletely stated
chain of syllogisms; predicate of one proposition becomes sub…
treats entire propositions as unites of meaning, which can be…
If P then Q. P --> Q.
Enthymeme
argument that is incompletely stated
Sorites
chain of syllogisms; predicate of one proposition becomes sub…
27 terms
Logic
How do we acquire knowledge beyond exp…
Tautology
Arguments vs. Explanations
Truth and Validity
Through deductive reasoning
a proposition that does not need to be proved because it is l…
Arguments try to prove using evidence. Explanation already kn…
Arguments are either logically valid or invalid.
How do we acquire knowledge beyond exp…
Through deductive reasoning
Tautology
a proposition that does not need to be proved because it is l…
27 terms
Logic
Ad Hominem
Genetic Fallacy
Straw Man
To Quoque (You Too)
attacking an opponents character or his motives for believing…
Condemning an argument because of where it began how it began…
Changing or exaggerating an opponents position or argument to…
Dismissing someones viewpoint on an issue because he's incons…
Ad Hominem
attacking an opponents character or his motives for believing…
Genetic Fallacy
Condemning an argument because of where it began how it began…
Logic
Conditional
hypothosis
Conclusion
If then vs implies
If then form
follows if... (p)
follows then ... (q)
P IMPLIES Q
Conditional
If then form
hypothosis
follows if... (p)
17 terms
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
Law of noncontradiction
the science and art of reasoning well
any statement is either true or false
if a statement is true, it is true
a statement cannot be both true and false
Logic
the science and art of reasoning well
Law of Excluded Middle
any statement is either true or false
20 terms
Logic
Argumentum ad hominem
Argumentumad populum
Ad baculum
Ad misericordiam
Person attack
Appeal to the people
Threaths
Nagpapaawa.. Misery
Argumentum ad hominem
Person attack
Argumentumad populum
Appeal to the people
13 terms
Logic
proposition
conjunction: p ^ q
disjunction: p ∨ q
exclusive disjunction: p ⊻ q
statement that can only be true or false
one proposition AND the other
one OR the other
one OR the other BUT NOT BOTH
proposition
statement that can only be true or false
conjunction: p ^ q
one proposition AND the other
26 terms
Logic
term1
term
oral term
terminus
1. from the standpoint of its being a sign of a concept
from the standpoint of its being the ultimate structural elem…
defined as articulate sound that serves as a conventional or…
the last element into which a proposition may broken down
term1
1. from the standpoint of its being a sign of a concept
term
from the standpoint of its being the ultimate structural elem…
LOGIC
Philosopher
Reason
Informal Logic
Formal Logic
lover of wisdom
process of producing "new truth" from the truth we already know
The discipline of logic that is concerned with the contents o…
The discipline of logic that is concerned with the form\struc…
Philosopher
lover of wisdom
Reason
process of producing "new truth" from the truth we already know
29 terms
Logic
Definition
Term
Precising Definition
Persuasive Definition
is a statement that gives the meaning of a term
Concept with a precise meaning expressed by one or more words
Reduces vagueness
Can Influence attitudes
Definition
is a statement that gives the meaning of a term
Term
Concept with a precise meaning expressed by one or more words
8 terms
Logic
Formal
Natural
Richness
Ambiguity
languages that are normally created by a group of experts to…
language that evolved in a natural way through common use, co…
numerous way of conveying the same information; many sentence…
property of an expression that has more than one meaning; one…
Formal
languages that are normally created by a group of experts to…
Natural
language that evolved in a natural way through common use, co…
42 terms
Logic
Logic
Law of Excluded middle
Law of Identity
Law of Non- contradiction
The science and art of reasoning well
Any statement is either true or false
If a statement is true, then it is true
A statement cannot be both true and false
Logic
The science and art of reasoning well
Law of Excluded middle
Any statement is either true or false
10 terms
Logic
Prediction
Argument from Analogy
Generalization
Argument from authority
Inductive
Inductive
Inductive
Inductive
Prediction
Inductive
Argument from Analogy
Inductive
5 terms
logic
and
or
not
then
true if antecedent and consequent are true
false if antecedent and consequent are false
used in a negation
false if antecedent is true and consequent is false
and
true if antecedent and consequent are true
or
false if antecedent and consequent are false
77 terms
Logic
Philosophy
Search for ultimate reality in the lif…
Phileo -love Sophia-wisdon
Gadamarian
Something weird, obscure or idiosyncratic
Classical meaning of Philosophy
Etymological meaning of Philosophy
No single method on arriving at truth
Philosophy
Something weird, obscure or idiosyncratic
Search for ultimate reality in the lif…
Classical meaning of Philosophy
14 terms
Logic
AND
NAND
NOR
NOT
AND
NAND
38 terms
Logic
An _________ is a syllogism that does…
There are ____ types of Enthymemes.
Enthymemes are distinguished by which…
Enthymemes of the First Order are dist…
enthymeme
three
proposition.
major
An _________ is a syllogism that does…
enthymeme
There are ____ types of Enthymemes.
three
43 terms
Logic
An argument is valid if, and only if:
An argument is invalid if, and only if:
A sound argument is
The claim of the formal logician is th…
it is impossible that its premises be true... and its conclusion…
it is possible that its premises be true... and its conclusion f…
a valid argument with true premises.
purely in virtue of being a substitution-instance of a valid…
An argument is valid if, and only if:
it is impossible that its premises be true... and its conclusion…
An argument is invalid if, and only if:
it is possible that its premises be true... and its conclusion f…
11 terms
Logic
Rule 1
Rule 2
Rule 3
Rule 4
In at least one premise, the middle term must be distributed.
If a term is distributed in the conclusion, it must also be d…
A valid syllogism cannot have two negative premises.
A valid syllogism cannot have a negative premise and an affir…
Rule 1
In at least one premise, the middle term must be distributed.
Rule 2
If a term is distributed in the conclusion, it must also be d…
30 terms
Logic
Logic
Wisdom
Philosophy
Axiology
The pursuit of truth through reason; Methodology for Philosophy
Capacity to see truth
Rational, critical, speculative inquiry into reality, knowled…
The study of value; aisthetikos "sense experience"
Logic
The pursuit of truth through reason; Methodology for Philosophy
Wisdom
Capacity to see truth
10 terms
Logic
Universal Quantifier
General Proposition
Range of Significance
Existenial Quantifier
This symbol governs an assertian that is claimed to hold for…
This type of proposition makes an assertion about the element…
The entire class of possible values for a variable, of indivi…
This symbol governs an assertion that is claimed to hold for…
Universal Quantifier
This symbol governs an assertian that is claimed to hold for…
General Proposition
This type of proposition makes an assertion about the element…
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