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Study sets matching "lsat argument types"

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Study sets matching "lsat argument types"

13 terms
LSAT Argument Question Types
Reasoning - Match
Main Point
Flaw
Necessary Assumption
Read for...... -Reasoning: Structure: Conclusion, premises... Act.…
Read for...... Act...... -What am I being sold on?... Answer will..…
Read for...... Reasoning: Conclusion, premises, common flaws, ga…
Read for...... -Reasoning: Conclusion, premises, language shifts…
Reasoning - Match
Read for...... -Reasoning: Structure: Conclusion, premises... Act.…
Main Point
Read for...... Act...... -What am I being sold on?... Answer will..…
76 terms
LSAT Argument types
"On the basis of their statements, Ila…
"Antonio and Marla disagree... over..."
"The point at issue between... Aaron and…
"Azadeh's and Ben's... statements provide…
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
"On the basis of their statements, Ila…
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
"Antonio and Marla disagree... over..."
POINT AT ISSUE... STRATEGY:... Read first speaker and pay close a…
30 terms
LSAT Argument Types
What is the author's main point?
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
The argument is structured to lead to…
Which of the following is an assumptio…
MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)
MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)
MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)
NECESSARY ASSUMPTION (ID C, P, A)
What is the author's main point?
MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)
11 terms
LSAT Argument Types
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Weaken
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion drawn in…
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
Which one of the following, if assumed, would enable the conc…
Which one of the following, if true, would most undermine the…
Main Point
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion drawn in…
Necessary Assumption
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
LSAT Argument Q-Types
Assumption Sufficient
Assumption Necessary
Strengthen
Weaken
SUF... Conclusion follow logically... Conclusion properly drawn... AC…
NEC... Assumption required... Assumption on which arg depends/relie…
STN... AC strengthens/supports/most justifies
WKN... Weaken, undermines
Assumption Sufficient
SUF... Conclusion follow logically... Conclusion properly drawn... AC…
Assumption Necessary
NEC... Assumption required... Assumption on which arg depends/relie…
13 terms
LSAT Arguments Question Types
Main Point
Reasoning
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Key Words: ... - main conclusion; ... - main point; ... - argument is…
Key Words:... - X responds to Y by...;... - claims that...plays wha…
Key Words:... - assumption on which argument DEPENDS/RELIES... - as…
Key Words:... - if assumed, allows conclusion to FOLLOW LOGICALL…
Main Point
Key Words: ... - main conclusion; ... - main point; ... - argument is…
Reasoning
Key Words:... - X responds to Y by...;... - claims that...plays wha…
13 terms
LSAT arguments question types
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Principle Strengthen
Strengthen
Words: "assumption/ Assumes" "requires" "takes for granted" "…
Words: "if assumed"... Read for: conclusion, premise, LANGUAGE…
Words: "principles/ proposition... justifies/validates"... Read…
Words: "strengthens/supports" "argument"... Read for: Conclusio…
Necessary Assumption
Words: "assumption/ Assumes" "requires" "takes for granted" "…
Sufficient Assumption
Words: "if assumed"... Read for: conclusion, premise, LANGUAGE…
35 terms
LSAT Arguments Question Types
Inference Must Be True
Inference Must Be True
Inference Must Be True
Inference Best Supported
Which one of the following statements can be validly inferred…
If the statements above are true, then which of the following…
Which of the following conclusions can be validly drawn from…
Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the p…
Inference Must Be True
Which one of the following statements can be validly inferred…
Inference Must Be True
If the statements above are true, then which of the following…
9 terms
LSAT Recurring Flaw Argument Types
Causal Flaw
Necessary vs. Sufficient Flaw
Surveys & Samples Flaw
Comparison Flaw
assumes correlation indicates causation; no other causes; cau…
assumes something required to get a result is enough by itsel…
assumes survey/sample is representative of a larger populatio…
assumes two things or time periods are comparable in all rele…
Causal Flaw
assumes correlation indicates causation; no other causes; cau…
Necessary vs. Sufficient Flaw
assumes something required to get a result is enough by itsel…
44 terms
Keys to LSAT Arguments Question Types
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
Necessary Assumption
Necessary Assumption
The Credited Response will articulate the author's conclusion
The Credited Response will be a statement that is essential f…
Use Negation Test on answer choices to see if conclusion rema…
The assumption will always at least mildly strengthen the aut…
Main Point
The Credited Response will articulate the author's conclusion
Necessary Assumption
The Credited Response will be a statement that is essential f…
11 terms
Types of Roles in an Argument LSAT Barron's
premise
necessary premise
sufficient premise
assumption
an explicit stated fact that is accepted as true without the…
a premise without which the conclusion would be invalid
a premise that by itself is enough to guarantee that the conc…
an implicit (unstated) fact that is accepted as true without…
premise
an explicit stated fact that is accepted as true without the…
necessary premise
a premise without which the conclusion would be invalid
8 terms
LSAT - Short Argument Categories & Question Types - Assumption Based Questions
Assumption Sufficient
Assumption Necessary
Strengthen
Weaken
SUF
NEC
STN
WKN
Assumption Sufficient
SUF
Assumption Necessary
NEC
LSAT Arguments
Assumption Based Question Types (8)
Inference Based Question Types (3)
Structure Based Question Types (4)
Situational Questions (3)
SUF, NEC, STN, WKN, FL, EVAL, LLF, RCON
INF, PAI, GI
MP, METH, FUN, LL
DOX, PA, SCON
Assumption Based Question Types (8)
SUF, NEC, STN, WKN, FL, EVAL, LLF, RCON
Inference Based Question Types (3)
INF, PAI, GI
29 terms
LSAT Arguments
General to Specific
Specific to General
Argument by analogy
Bad Info from experts/ studies/ data
ID: stereotype, average, ot generalization. Assertion about i…
ID: Conclusion is mucb broader than evidence. ... Study, survey,…
ID: Comparison of different items between evidence and conclu…
ID: Experts/ studies/ data/ records say that...
General to Specific
ID: stereotype, average, ot generalization. Assertion about i…
Specific to General
ID: Conclusion is mucb broader than evidence. ... Study, survey,…
28 terms
LSAT Arguments
Assumption Based Questions
Inference Based Questions
Structure Based Questions
Situational Questions
Assumption Sufficient ... Flaw... Assumption Necessary... Evaluate... Str…
Inference... Points at Issue... Guided Inference
Main Point... Method of Argument... Function... Parallel Reasoning
Paradox... Principle Above... Situation Conforms
Assumption Based Questions
Assumption Sufficient ... Flaw... Assumption Necessary... Evaluate... Str…
Inference Based Questions
Inference... Points at Issue... Guided Inference
Arguments de la LSAT
Assumption Based Questions
Inference Based Questions
Structure Based Questions
Situational Questions
Assumption Sufficient ... Flaw... Assumption Necessary... Evaluate... Str…
Inference... Points at Issue... Guided Inference
Main Point... Method of Argument... Function... Parallel Reasoning
Paradox... Principle Above... Situation Conforms
Assumption Based Questions
Assumption Sufficient ... Flaw... Assumption Necessary... Evaluate... Str…
Inference Based Questions
Inference... Points at Issue... Guided Inference
49 terms
LSAT Arguments
The Process
Categories and Question Types
Assumption Based Question Types
Inference Based Question Types
1. Read the Questions Stem & ID Question Type... 2. Analyze the…
Assumption Based Questions... Inference Based Questions... Structur…
Assumption Sufficient (SUF)... Assumption Necessary (NEC)... Streng…
Inference (INF) ... Point at Issue (PAI)... Guided Inference (GI)
The Process
1. Read the Questions Stem & ID Question Type... 2. Analyze the…
Categories and Question Types
Assumption Based Questions... Inference Based Questions... Structur…
9 terms
LSAT Arguments
Argument question is composed of
The 3 step process
Types of Assumption Based questions
Types of Inference based questions
The argument, question stem, answer choices
1. read the question stem and ID question type... 2. analyze the…
assumption sufficient SUF... assumption necessary NEC... strengthen…
Inference INF... Point at Issue PAI... Guided Inference GI
Argument question is composed of
The argument, question stem, answer choices
The 3 step process
1. read the question stem and ID question type... 2. analyze the…
18 terms
Arguments LSAT
Conclusion will follow logically if AC…
Assumption required, Assumption on whi…
AC strengthens, AC supports, AC most j…
weakens, undermines, counter, synonyms…
SUF... ID conclusion... prefer broad and strong language
NEC... ID conclusion... prefer weak and narrow language... *negation t…
STN... ID conclusion ... makes the assumption more likely to be tru…
WKN... ID conclusion... makes the assumption less likely to be true…
Conclusion will follow logically if AC…
SUF... ID conclusion... prefer broad and strong language
Assumption required, Assumption on whi…
NEC... ID conclusion... prefer weak and narrow language... *negation t…
20 terms
LSAT Arguments
Maint Point
Describe the Reasoning
ID the piece
Necessary Assumption
Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the argu…
The executive's reasoning most closely conforms to which one…
The assertion that ... plays which one of the following roles…
The writer's argument requires assuming which one of the foll…
Maint Point
Which one of the following is the main conclusion of the argu…
Describe the Reasoning
The executive's reasoning most closely conforms to which one…
18 terms
LSAT (Arguments)
Definition of an "Argument" on the LSAT
My 6 Argument Mantras
Reasoned Presentation
An Idea
The reasoned presentation of an idea that is supported by evi…
1. I will always read the question first.... 2. I will slow dow…
The author of an LSAT argument has organized the information…
The conclusion of the author's argument is really nothing mor…
Definition of an "Argument" on the LSAT
The reasoned presentation of an idea that is supported by evi…
My 6 Argument Mantras
1. I will always read the question first.... 2. I will slow dow…
9 terms
LSAT Argument Flaws
Causal Flaw
Necessary vs Sufficient Flaw
Surveys & Samples Flaw
Comparison Flaw
Assumes... - correlation = causation... - NO other causes... - causali…
Assumes... - something required to get a result is enough by its…
Assumes... - survey/sample is representative of a larger populat…
Assumes... - 2 things or time periods are comparable in ALL rele…
Causal Flaw
Assumes... - correlation = causation... - NO other causes... - causali…
Necessary vs Sufficient Flaw
Assumes... - something required to get a result is enough by its…
28 terms
LSAT Argumentation Triggers
Premise will follow
Premise will follow
Premise will follow
Premise will follow
Since
Because
For
For the reason that
Premise will follow
Since
Premise will follow
Because
94 terms
LSAT: Argument Flaws
False Dilemma
from ignorance
slippery slope
appeal to force
two choices are given when in fact there are three options
because something is not known to be true, it is assumed to b…
a series of increasingly unacceptable consequences is drawn
the reader is persuaded to agree by force
False Dilemma
two choices are given when in fact there are three options
from ignorance
because something is not known to be true, it is assumed to b…
11 terms
LSAT argument strategies
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Weaken
1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Lo…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Re…
Main Point
1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…
Necessary Assumption
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…
22 terms
LSAT Common Argument Flaws
Uncertain Use of a Term or Concept
A piece ≠ the Puzzle
Apples ≠ Orange
1 + 1 ≠ 3
This occurs when the author uses a term in two different ways…
Overconcludes from limited support.... Overreach in trying to ju…
Falsely Equates. When author treats two things as if they are…
Author brings two ideas or two pieces of information to concl…
Uncertain Use of a Term or Concept
This occurs when the author uses a term in two different ways…
A piece ≠ the Puzzle
Overconcludes from limited support.... Overreach in trying to ju…
40 terms
LSAT Argument Strategy
List all question types (13)
What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…
What will the ANSWER do in a WEAKEN qu…
What do you answer when DOWN to TWO fo…
Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…
Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws
Give new info that allow the evidence to be true, but point t…
Go back to the argument and focus on the conclusion: which an…
List all question types (13)
Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…
What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…
Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws
33 terms
LSAT 7Sage Argument Review
Advanced: For, Since, & Because
Context vs. Argument Indicators
Authorship
Approaching main point and main conclu…
"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with…
context- What "other people say" or just the background infor…
Sometimes authors are speaking in behalf of others.
What does the author want me to believe?
Advanced: For, Since, & Because
"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with…
Context vs. Argument Indicators
context- What "other people say" or just the background infor…
11 terms
Lsat Argument Templates
P: A some B ... P: B - C ... _... C: A some C
P: A - B ... P: B some C ... _... C: A some C
P: A most B ... P: B - C ... _... C A most C
P: A - B ... P: B most C... _... C: A most C
Good
Bad
Good
Bad
P: A some B ... P: B - C ... _... C: A some C
Good
P: A - B ... P: B some C ... _... C: A some C
Bad
31 terms
LSAT argument questions
SA
SA
Sufficient Assumption
SP
"The conclusions follows logically if which of the following…
"Which of the following, if assumed, allows the conclusion to…
We have to find an argument and figure out what's wrong with…
"Which one of the following principles, if valid, most helps…
SA
"The conclusions follows logically if which of the following…
SA
"Which of the following, if assumed, allows the conclusion to…
33 terms
LSAT 7Sage Argument Review
Advanced: For, Since, & Because
Context vs. Argument Indicators
Authorship
Approaching main point and main conclu…
"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with…
context- What "other people say" or just the background infor…
Sometimes authors are speaking in behalf of others.
What does the author want me to believe?
Advanced: For, Since, & Because
"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with…
Context vs. Argument Indicators
context- What "other people say" or just the background infor…
LSAT argument meanings
Weaken
Assumption necessary
Assumption sufficient
Evaluate
weaken, undermines
Assumption required, assumption on which the argument depends…
Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true. Conclusion wi…
evaluate, validity
Weaken
weaken, undermines
Assumption necessary
Assumption required, assumption on which the argument depends…
13 terms
LSAT Argument Rules
Read for: reasoning... Question type: mai…
Read for: reasoning... Question type: rea…
Read for: reasoning... Question type: nec…
Read for: reasoning... Question type: suf…
key words in question stem: main point; main conclusion; argu…
key words in question stem: X responds to Y by...; claim that…
key words in question stem: assumption on which the argument…
key words in question stem: if assumed, allows the conclusion…
Read for: reasoning... Question type: mai…
key words in question stem: main point; main conclusion; argu…
Read for: reasoning... Question type: rea…
key words in question stem: X responds to Y by...; claim that…
11 terms
LSAT Argument Actions
Main Point Questions
Necessary Assumption Questions
Sufficient Assumption Questions
Weaken Questions
-Identify the conclusion and premises.... -Use the Why Test, and…
-Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions of the au…
-Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions of the au…
-Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions of the au…
Main Point Questions
-Identify the conclusion and premises.... -Use the Why Test, and…
Necessary Assumption Questions
-Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions of the au…
10 terms
LSAT Argument Methods
main point
necessary assumption
sufficient assumption
weaken
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
conclusion and premise... eliminate answers that bring in new in…
conclusion, premise, and assumption... look for large leap in lo…
main point
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
necessary assumption
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
19 terms
Short Argument-LSAT
Assumption Sufficient (Assumption)
Assumption Necessary (Assumption)
Strengthen (Assumption)
Weaken (Assumption)
Answer choices will prove the assumption to be true thereby p…
Answer choices will provide information that is "needed" for…
Answer choices will make the assumption more likely to be tru…
Answer choices will make the assumption less likely the be tr…
Assumption Sufficient (Assumption)
Answer choices will prove the assumption to be true thereby p…
Assumption Necessary (Assumption)
Answer choices will provide information that is "needed" for…
43 terms
LSAT Argument Indicators
because
since
for
for example
Premise indicator
Premise indicator
Premise indicator
Premise indicator
because
Premise indicator
since
Premise indicator
178 terms
LSAT Terminology - Arguments
all
none
most
not most
always will
never
- probably... - likely... - usually
- not likely... - rarely
all
always will
none
never
50 terms
LSAT LR Types
The argument assumes which of the foll…
From which one of the following does t…
The student has interpreted the profes…
In order to act in accordance with the…
Assumption
Assumption
Assumption
Assumption
The argument assumes which of the foll…
Assumption
From which one of the following does t…
Assumption
31 terms
LSAT Argument Questions
Main Point Question
Main Point Question
Main Point Question
Necessary Assumption Question
What is the author's main point?
The main conclusion drawn in the author's argument is that...
The argument is structured to lead to which one of the follow…
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
Main Point Question
What is the author's main point?
Main Point Question
The main conclusion drawn in the author's argument is that...
LSAT Argument questions
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Weaken
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion in the a…
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
Which one of the following if assumed, would enable the concl…
Which one fo the following, if true, would most undermine the…
Main Point
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion in the a…
Necessary Assumption
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
30 terms
LSAT Question Types
What is the author's main point?
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
The argument is structured to lead to…
Which of the following is an assumptio…
Main Point
Main Point
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
What is the author's main point?
Main Point
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
Main Point
83 terms
LSAT prep: Arguments
If part of the argument is in the ques…
What are the 8 types of assumption bas…
Abbreviation of Assumption Sufficient
Abbreviation of Assumption Necessary
conclusion
(1) Assumption Sufficient ... (2) Assumption Necessary... (3) Stren…
SUF
NEC
If part of the argument is in the ques…
conclusion
What are the 8 types of assumption bas…
(1) Assumption Sufficient ... (2) Assumption Necessary... (3) Stren…
36 terms
LSAT Argument Questions
what is the author's main point?
the main conclusion drawn in the autho…
the argument is structured to lead to…
which of the following is an assumptio…
main point
main point
main point
necessary assumption
what is the author's main point?
main point
the main conclusion drawn in the autho…
main point
42 terms
LSAT argument questions
What is the authors main point?
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
The argument is structured to lead to…
Which of the following is an assumptio…
Main point
Main point
Main point
Necessary assumption
What is the authors main point?
Main point
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
Main point
122 terms
LSAT Identify Question Types
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Which one of the following can be prop…
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Which one of the following is an assum…
Resolve the Paradox
Must Be True
Weaken
Assumption (necessary)
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Resolve the Paradox
Which one of the following can be prop…
Must Be True
112 terms
LSAT Memorization Arguments
4 types of Arguments
8 Subtypes of Assumption Based Questions
3 Subtypes of Inference Based Questions
4 Subtypes of Structure Based Questions
Assumption Based, Inference Based, Structure Based, Situation…
Assumption Sufficient, Assumption Necessary, Strengthen, Weak…
Inference, Point at Issue, Guided Inference
Main Point, Method of Argument, Function, Parallel Reasoning
4 types of Arguments
Assumption Based, Inference Based, Structure Based, Situation…
8 Subtypes of Assumption Based Questions
Assumption Sufficient, Assumption Necessary, Strengthen, Weak…
57 terms
LSAT Study Prep: Arguments
Arguments: Strategies
Argument
What to find
The Why Test
Always read the question first... Pay close attention to wording…
the reasoned presentation of an idea that is supported by evi…
Conclusion, premises, assumptions
Find a conclusion and if it can be verified by premises in th…
Arguments: Strategies
Always read the question first... Pay close attention to wording…
Argument
the reasoned presentation of an idea that is supported by evi…
47 terms
LSAT short arguments
Assumption questions
Inference questions
General to specific
Specific to general
The below supports the above
The above supports the below
Evidence: Stereotype, average, or generalization ... Conclusion…
Conclusion that is much broader than the evidence
Assumption questions
The below supports the above
Inference questions
The above supports the below
122 terms
LSAT Identify Question Types
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Which one of the following can be prop…
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Which one of the following is an assum…
Resolve the Paradox
Must Be True
Weaken
Assumption (necessary)
Which one of the following, if true, m…
Resolve the Paradox
Which one of the following can be prop…
Must Be True
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