# Study sets matching "lsat argument types"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

How many and what are the different ass…

Define Assumption Sufficient Questions

Example of Assumption Sufficient Langua…

Define Assumption Necessary Questions

8... Sufficient, Necessary, Strengthen, Weaken, Flaw, Evaluate, P…

AC's will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…

"Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true, conclusion wi…

ACs will provide information that is "needed" for the assumpti…

How many and what are the different ass…

8... Sufficient, Necessary, Strengthen, Weaken, Flaw, Evaluate, P…

Define Assumption Sufficient Questions

AC's will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…

Main Point

Main Point

Main Point

Necessary Assumption

What is the author's main point?

The main conclusion drawn in the author's argument is that...

The argument is structured to lead to which of the following c…

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…

Main Point

What is the author's main point?

Main Point

The main conclusion drawn in the author's argument is that...

What is the author's main point?

The main conclusion drawn in the author…

The argument is structured to lead to w…

Which of the following is an assumption…

MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)

MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)

MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION (ID C, P, A)

What is the author's main point?

MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)

The main conclusion drawn in the author…

MAIN POINT (ID C, P; why?)

Assumption Sufficient

Assumption Necessary

Strengthen

Weaken

SUF... Conclusion follow logically... Conclusion properly drawn... AC j…

NEC... Assumption required... Assumption on which arg depends/relies…

STN... AC strengthens/supports/most justifies

WKN... Weaken, undermines

Assumption Sufficient

SUF... Conclusion follow logically... Conclusion properly drawn... AC j…

Assumption Necessary

NEC... Assumption required... Assumption on which arg depends/relies…

Analogy

Example/Counterexample

Appeal to Authority

Ad Hominem Attack

Draws parallels between to unrelated, but similar, situations

Author cites specific cases in order to justify generalization

Author cites an expert or another figure in support for his or…

Author attacks her opponent's personal credibility rather than…

Analogy

Draws parallels between to unrelated, but similar, situations

Example/Counterexample

Author cites specific cases in order to justify generalization

assumption sufficient

assumption necessary

strengthen

weaken

SUF... will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the c…

NEC... ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true

STN... ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true

WKN... will make assumptions less likely to be true

assumption sufficient

SUF... will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the c…

assumption necessary

NEC... ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true

Causal Flaw

Necessary vs. Sufficient Flaw

Surveys & Samples Flaw

Comparison Flaw

assumes correlation indicates causation; no other causes; caus…

assumes something required to get a result is enough by itself…

assumes survey/sample is representative of a larger population…

assumes two things or time periods are comparable in all relev…

Causal Flaw

assumes correlation indicates causation; no other causes; caus…

Necessary vs. Sufficient Flaw

assumes something required to get a result is enough by itself…

Some critics claim that scientific prog…

Everyone should join our country club.…

Two of my friends were shortchanged at…

The White House has failed to offer any…

General Lack of Relevant Evidence for the Conclusion

Internal Contradiction

Exceptional Case/Overgeneralization

Lack of evidence for a position is taken to prove that positio…

Some critics claim that scientific prog…

General Lack of Relevant Evidence for the Conclusion

Everyone should join our country club.…

Internal Contradiction

Help Question

Match Question

Extract Question

Extract Question

Which of the following, if true, most strongly the conclusion…

The structure of the reasoning in the argument above is most p…

Which of the following is most supportive by the information a…

If the statements above are true, which one of following must…

Help Question

Which of the following, if true, most strongly the conclusion…

Match Question

The structure of the reasoning in the argument above is most p…

premise

necessary premise

sufficient premise

assumption

an explicit stated fact that is accepted as true without the n…

a premise without which the conclusion would be invalid

a premise that by itself is enough to guarantee that the concl…

an implicit (unstated) fact that is accepted as true without t…

premise

an explicit stated fact that is accepted as true without the n…

necessary premise

a premise without which the conclusion would be invalid

Assumption Sufficient - AB - SUF

Assumption Necessary - AB -NEC

Strengthen - AB - STN

Weaken - AB - WKN

ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the c…

AC'a will provide info that is "needed" for the assumption to…

ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true.... AC stren…

ACs will make the assumption less likely to be true

Assumption Sufficient - AB - SUF

ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the c…

Assumption Necessary - AB -NEC

AC'a will provide info that is "needed" for the assumption to…

Must be true

Must be true

Must be true

Most strongly supported

`which one of the following conclusions can be properly drawn…

`which one of the following can be properly inferred

If the information above is correct

which one of the following statements is most supported by the…

Must be true

`which one of the following conclusions can be properly drawn…

Must be true

`which one of the following can be properly inferred

Main Point;... Main conclusion;... Argument i…

X responds to Y by...;... claim that...pla…

assumption on which the argument depend…

if assumed, allows the conclusion to fo…

Read for Reasoning ^... POE: Match... Type: Main Point

Read for Reasoning ^... POE: Match... Type: Reasoning

Read for Reasoning ^... POE: Help... Type: Necessary Assumption ... Str…

Read for Reasoning... POE: Help... Type: Sufficient Assumption... Strat…

Main Point;... Main conclusion;... Argument i…

Read for Reasoning ^... POE: Match... Type: Main Point

X responds to Y by...;... claim that...pla…

Read for Reasoning ^... POE: Match... Type: Reasoning

strengthen/weaken

analogy

statistical

reconciling paradoxes

focus on causes; the best answer points to the more probable c…

similarities support, differences undermine

answer whether statistics relate to conclusion

explain, resolve; discrepancy, paradox, conflict

strengthen/weaken

focus on causes; the best answer points to the more probable c…

analogy

similarities support, differences undermine

What is your attitude toward the argume…

What is your task in the argument?

Paradox (DOX) Concept

Paradox (DOX) Language

This is NOT really an argument. It's a fact pattern that may o…

Identify the components of the Given Situation.

ACs will explain or resolve the situation in the argument that…

Resolve the paradox, explain the surprising results, resolve o…

What is your attitude toward the argume…

This is NOT really an argument. It's a fact pattern that may o…

What is your task in the argument?

Identify the components of the Given Situation.

SUF

NEC

STN

WKN

Correct AC will prove assumption and thereby conclusion to be…

AC will provide info needed for the assumption to be true (Do…

AC will make the assumption more likely to be true... - ID C/E/A…

AC will make Assumption less likely to be true... - ID C/E/ASS

SUF

Correct AC will prove assumption and thereby conclusion to be…

NEC

AC will provide info needed for the assumption to be true (Do…

What is an LSAT argument?

What does every LSAT argument contain?

Conclusion keywords?

Evidence keywords?

One person's attempt to convince the reader that some assertio…

1. CONCLUSION: the assertion, evaluation, or recommendation of…

hence, thus, consequently, as a result, so, it follows that

because, after all, for, since

What is an LSAT argument?

One person's attempt to convince the reader that some assertio…

What does every LSAT argument contain?

1. CONCLUSION: the assertion, evaluation, or recommendation of…

Equivocation

Attacking author

Authority

Causation confusion

Using term unclearly; in two different ways

Can not attack character or author, must attack arg support

Appealing to authority outside of expertise

Saying one thing causes another when it could be because of so…

Equivocation

Using term unclearly; in two different ways

Attacking author

Can not attack character or author, must attack arg support

Assumption sufficient

Assumption sufficient

Assumption necessary

Assumption necessary.

AC will prove assumption to be true thereby proving the conclu…

Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true, conclusion wil…

ACs will provide info that is 'needed' for assumptions to be t…

Assumption required, assumption on which the argument depends,…

Assumption sufficient

AC will prove assumption to be true thereby proving the conclu…

Assumption sufficient

Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true, conclusion wil…

Advanced: For, Since, & Because

Context vs. Argument Indicators

Authorship

Approaching main point and main conclus…

"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with t…

context- What "other people say" or just the background inform…

Sometimes authors are speaking in behalf of others.

What does the author want me to believe?

Advanced: For, Since, & Because

"For", "since", and "because" always introduce premises with t…

Context vs. Argument Indicators

context- What "other people say" or just the background inform…

Main conclusion

Weaken

Flaw

Inference - MBT

Predict: Conclusion... Ask: Is this the conclusion I found?... Ans…

Predict: What's Wrong?... Ask: Does this hurt the conclusion?... A…

Predict: What's Wrong?... Ask: Is this what's happening? Is it a…

Predict: What Must Be True? ... Ask: Does this have to be true?…

Main conclusion

Predict: Conclusion... Ask: Is this the conclusion I found?... Ans…

Weaken

Predict: What's Wrong?... Ask: Does this hurt the conclusion?... A…