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Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

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Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

448 terms
LSAT - Strategy
What is Primary Objective #1?
What does a premise do?
What does a conclusion do?
List Premise Indicators.
Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it…
Give a reason for why something should be believed.
A conclusion is the point the author tries to prove by using…
Because, Since, For, For Example, For the reason that, In tha…
What is Primary Objective #1?
Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it…
What does a premise do?
Give a reason for why something should be believed.
67 terms
LSAT Strategy
Words that dente one thing is sufficie…
The different "only" for necessary and…
How to use unless with sufficient/nece…
How to form the Contrapositive
- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every t…
- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = suffici…
"No X unless Y" = "If X then Y"... "A unless B" = "If not A then…
- reverse the terms... - negate BOTH terms... - change AND to OR an…
Words that dente one thing is sufficie…
- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every t…
The different "only" for necessary and…
- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = suffici…
448 terms
LSAT - Strategy
What is Primary Objective #1?
What does a premise do?
What does a conclusion do?
List Premise Indicators.
Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it…
Give a reason for why something should be believed.
A conclusion is the point the author tries to prove by using…
Because, Since, For, For Example, For the reason that, In tha…
What is Primary Objective #1?
Determine whether the stimulus contains an argument or if it…
What does a premise do?
Give a reason for why something should be believed.
49 terms
LSAT Strategy
In Formal Logic
Words that denote that one thing is su…
Negative words that indicate a suffici…
The word "only" in Formal Logic
* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be r…
- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (ev…
- None... - Never... - Not... - Not one
- "Only" signals the necessary term.... - "Only if" signals the…
In Formal Logic
* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be r…
Words that denote that one thing is su…
- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (ev…
15 terms
OVERALL LSAT STRATEGY
Simple Argument
Complex Argument
EXCEPT / LEAST
Inference
Premise-->Conclusion
Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion
The true effect of EXCEPT is to logically negate the question…
What follows from the argument--what must be true.
Simple Argument
Premise-->Conclusion
Complex Argument
Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion
16 terms
LSAT Strategies
LR - Main Point
LR - Role of a Statement
LR - Method of Argument
LR - Point at Issue
Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and…
Identify how the specified statement functions within the arg…
Identify author's argumentative strategy (how, not what). Not…
Identify the thing for which two speakers disagree with each…
LR - Main Point
Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and…
LR - Role of a Statement
Identify how the specified statement functions within the arg…
8 terms
LSAT RC Mindset & Strategy
Focus on Why, Not What
Embrace Uncertainty
Let Main Points Light the Way
Big Pause
1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there,…
1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of th…
1. Reasoning structure = relationships that various component…
1. Make it a habit to take a few seconds to review the struct…
Focus on Why, Not What
1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there,…
Embrace Uncertainty
1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of th…
40 terms
LSAT Argument Strategy
List all question types (13)
What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…
What will the ANSWER do in a WEAKEN qu…
What do you answer when DOWN to TWO fo…
Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…
Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws
Give new info that allow the evidence to be true, but point t…
Go back to the argument and focus on the conclusion: which an…
List all question types (13)
Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…
What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…
Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws
15 terms
LSAT Question by Strategy
Strengthen
Weaken
Sufficient Assumption
Necessary Assumption
1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…
1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…
1. Identify the Q (logically inferred, properly inferred)... 2.…
1. Identify the Q (depends, required, necessary, this argumen…
Strengthen
1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…
Weaken
1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…
31 terms
LSAT Methods and Strategies
Logic Games Method
Common Logic Game Deductions
Blocks of Entities
Limited Options
Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deducti…
Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Numbe…
Two or more players who are always grouped together
Rules or restrictions that limit the overall setup to one of…
Logic Games Method
Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deducti…
Common Logic Game Deductions
Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Numbe…
Kaplan LSAT Strategies
logic games
BLEND
logic games questions
strict sequencing
SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions
blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…
acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution
numbered sequence
logic games
SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions
BLEND
blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…
19 terms
Kaplan LSAT Strategies
logic games
BLEND
logic games questions
strict sequencing
SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions
blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…
acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution
numbered sequence
logic games
SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions
BLEND
blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…
11 terms
LSAT argument strategies
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
Sufficient Assumption
Weaken
1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Lo…
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Re…
Main Point
1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…
Necessary Assumption
1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…
52 terms
LSAT - LR Question Stems & Strategies
"...properly inferred...if assumed..."
"...properly inferred...if true..."
"...if assumed...properly drawn..."
"...conclusion does not follow unless.…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…
NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…
"...properly inferred...if assumed..."
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…
"...properly inferred...if true..."
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…
6 terms
LSAT STUDY SET: STRATEGIES
Main Point
Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…
ID Reasoning
ID Reasoning Variant: ID Response
Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads t…
Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…
Question: the argument proceeds by, a method of reasoning emp…
Question: X responds by, responds in which one of the followi…
Main Point
Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads t…
Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…
Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…
16 terms
LSAT - LR Strategies by Question Type
Main Conclusion (MC)
Strengthen/Support (SS)
Weaken (W)
Necessary Assumption (NA)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…
MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…
Main Conclusion (MC)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
Strengthen/Support (SS)
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
41 terms
LSAT Strategies / Formal Logic Concepts
Formal Logic: Sufficient
Formal Logic: Necessary
Formal Logic: And
Formal Logic: Or
"trigger" or "if" term
"result" or "then" term
Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…
At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…
Formal Logic: Sufficient
"trigger" or "if" term
Formal Logic: Necessary
"result" or "then" term
41 terms
LSAT Strategies / Formal Logic Concepts
Formal Logic: Sufficient
Formal Logic: Necessary
Formal Logic: And
Formal Logic: Or
"trigger" or "if" term
"result" or "then" term
Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…
At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…
Formal Logic: Sufficient
"trigger" or "if" term
Formal Logic: Necessary
"result" or "then" term
41 terms
LSAT Strategies / Formal Logic Concepts
Formal Logic: Sufficient
Formal Logic: Necessary
Formal Logic: And
Formal Logic: Or
"trigger" or "if" term
"result" or "then" term
Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…
At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…
Formal Logic: Sufficient
"trigger" or "if" term
Formal Logic: Necessary
"result" or "then" term
80 terms
LSAT LR Question Types and Strategies
Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…
Justify Formula
Justify Stem versus Other question types
General "nutshell" rule for Mechanisti…
The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…
Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion
1. The stem often uses the word "if" or another sufficient co…
link new elements in the premises and the conclusion and igno…
Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…
The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…
Justify Formula
Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion
80 terms
LSAT LR Question Types and Strategies
Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…
Justify Formula
Justify Stem versus Other question types
General "nutshell" rule for Mechanisti…
The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…
Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion
1. The stem often uses the word "if" or another sufficient co…
link new elements in the premises and the conclusion and igno…
Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…
The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…
Justify Formula
Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion
15 terms
LSAT - LR Strategies by Question Type
Main Conclusion (MC)
Strengthen/Support (SS)
Weaken (W)
Necessary Assumption (NA)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…
MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…
Main Conclusion (MC)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
Strengthen/Support (SS)
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
15 terms
LSAT - LR Strategies by Question Type
Main Conclusion (MC)
Strengthen/Support (SS)
Weaken (W)
Necessary Assumption (NA)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…
MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…
Main Conclusion (MC)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
Strengthen/Support (SS)
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
11 terms
LSAT LR Question Types/Strategies
Assumption
Strengthen/Weaken
Flaw
Inference
assumed, assumption, presuppose, if added to the premises ... T…
strengthen, most strongly supports the author OR most weakens…
vulnerable to criticism, questionable, error of reasoning, de…
must be true, locally completes the passage, can be inferred,…
Assumption
assumed, assumption, presuppose, if added to the premises ... T…
Strengthen/Weaken
strengthen, most strongly supports the author OR most weakens…
53 terms
LSAT - LR Question Stems & Strategies
"...properly inferred...if assumed..."
"...properly inferred...if true..."
"...if assumed...properly drawn..."
"...conclusion does not follow unless.…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…
NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - P.…
"...properly inferred...if assumed..."
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…
"...properly inferred...if true..."
SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…
16 terms
LSAT - LR Strategies by Question Type
Main Conclusion (MC)
Strengthen/Support (SS)
Weaken (W)
Necessary Assumption (NA)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…
MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…
Main Conclusion (MC)
LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…
Strengthen/Support (SS)
HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…
41 terms
Strategy from TLS Forum and LSAT Hacks
what is really important for games?
how do you easily remember variables a…
what do you need to do for grouping ga…
What is really important about LR?
fix the rules and variables in you mind
write the rules with list of variables, then you will identif…
do hypos, write out the variables next to the hypos
need to avoid spending 3 minutes agonizing over a difficult q…
what is really important for games?
fix the rules and variables in you mind
how do you easily remember variables a…
write the rules with list of variables, then you will identif…
46 terms
LSAT LR: Question, Conclusion, Arg. Strategy & Assumption Types
main point
prediction
assertion of fact
if/then conditional
find the conclusion of the author's argument
~ what will or might happen in the future... ~ [ X will or will…
~ statement of the case or fact of the matter... ~ [ X is true o…
~ conditionally phrased recommendations, predictions, or asse…
main point
find the conclusion of the author's argument
prediction
~ what will or might happen in the future... ~ [ X will or will…
14 terms
LR Strategies
Structure Question... 1. Find the main c…
Structure Question... 1. Find the main c…
Structure Question... 1. Find the main c…
Inference Question... 1. Treat the passa…
Conclusion
Role
Reasoning
Must Be True
Structure Question... 1. Find the main c…
Conclusion
Structure Question... 1. Find the main c…
Role
17 terms
LSAT - LR - Valid & Invalid Arguments (Forms & Visualizations)
A ---> B... A... ____________... B
A ---> B... /B... ____________... /A
A ---> B ---> C... ___________... A ---> C
A some B ---> C... ___________... A some C
Valid 1... (Affirm the Sufficient)
Valid 2... (Negate the Necessary)
Valid 3... (Transitive)
Valid 4
A ---> B... A... ____________... B
Valid 1... (Affirm the Sufficient)
A ---> B... /B... ____________... /A
Valid 2... (Negate the Necessary)
17 terms
Sufficient & Necessary LSAT
if
when
whenever
every
Sufficient
Sufficient
Sufficient
Sufficient
if
Sufficient
when
Sufficient
12 terms
LSAT LOGICAL OPPOSITES
Cannot be true
Could Be True
Not Necessarily True
Must Be True
Could Be True
Cannot Be True
Must Be True
Not Necessarily True
Cannot be true
Could Be True
Could Be True
Cannot Be True
8 terms
LG Strategy
Last Question of the Game
Deduction Types
"If" Question
Logic Game Steps
Look for the answer choice with a different rule but the same…
1) Combine common entities into Blocks 2) Eliminate the space…
Incorporate the new rule into sketch or a new sketch. BEFORE…
1) Game type 2) limitations/restrictions 3) Sketch 4) Annotat…
Last Question of the Game
Look for the answer choice with a different rule but the same…
Deduction Types
1) Combine common entities into Blocks 2) Eliminate the space…
30 terms
LSAT Question Types
What is the author's main point?
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
The argument is structured to lead to…
Which of the following is an assumptio…
Main Point
Main Point
Main Point
Necessary Assumption
What is the author's main point?
Main Point
The main conclusion drawn in the autho…
Main Point
22 terms
Some, Most, and All
always
any
each
every
all
all
all
all
always
all
any
all
373 terms
LSAT: PowerScore Logical Reasoning Bible
Argument
Fact Sets
What is this?: All professors are ethi…
What is this?: The Jacksonville area h…
a set of statements wherein one statement is claimed to follo…
are a collection of statements without a conclusion
Argument
Fact Set
Argument
a set of statements wherein one statement is claimed to follo…
Fact Sets
are a collection of statements without a conclusion
26 terms
If, Then, Unless, and No
All
Any
Each
Every
If
If
If
If
All
If
Any
If
43 terms
LSAT: Premise and Conclusion Indicators
Because
Since
For
For example
Premise
Premise
Premise
Premise
Because
Premise
Since
Premise
72 terms
LSAT
All
Every
Each
Most
Every single one
Every single one
Every single one
More than half
All
Every single one
Every
Every single one
45 terms
LSAT Prep
In logical reasoning questions, what i…
In logical reasoning questions, what i…
In logical reasoning questions, what i…
In logical reasoning questions, what d…
A conclusion is the main point the author is making. A conclu…
Evidence is the information offered by an author to support t…
An assumption is an unstated piece of evidence that is requir…
Weaken questions ask for info that can be added to the argume…
In logical reasoning questions, what i…
A conclusion is the main point the author is making. A conclu…
In logical reasoning questions, what i…
Evidence is the information offered by an author to support t…
44 terms
LSAT
squib
conclusion
premises
assumptions
the fact pattern, the argument passage
the author's main point - an opinion, not a fact
the facts the author uses to support the conclusion
unstated, additional facts necessary to reach the conclusion
squib
the fact pattern, the argument passage
conclusion
the author's main point - an opinion, not a fact
14 terms
LR 5 second strategy
Main Point
Inference
Paradox
Assumption
Paraphrase Conclusion in Head (NOT VERBATIM CONCLUSION)
Look for No Shit/Blah (No Extremes)
Predict What Explains Discrepancy, expect scope shift.
Understand argument + E +A =C
Main Point
Paraphrase Conclusion in Head (NOT VERBATIM CONCLUSION)
Inference
Look for No Shit/Blah (No Extremes)
373 terms
LSAT: PowerScore Logical Reasoning Bible
Argument
Fact Sets
What is this?: All professors are ethi…
What is this?: The Jacksonville area h…
a set of statements wherein one statement is claimed to follo…
are a collection of statements without a conclusion
Argument
Fact Set
Argument
a set of statements wherein one statement is claimed to follo…
Fact Sets
are a collection of statements without a conclusion
37 terms
LSAT - LR/LG - Logical Indicators & Mixed Translation Rules
"___ if ___."
" ___ when___."
"___ where ___."
"___ all ___."
sufficient... EX: "I will bring an umbrella if it rains."... R ---…
sufficient... EX: "I eat sushi when I'm in Japan."... J ---> ES... /E…
sufficient... EX: "I will nap where it's quiet."... Q ---> N... /N --…
sufficient... EX: "...and all birds have featers."... B ---> F... /F…
"___ if ___."
sufficient... EX: "I will bring an umbrella if it rains."... R ---…
" ___ when___."
sufficient... EX: "I eat sushi when I'm in Japan."... J ---> ES... /E…
57 terms
LR Question Types
Flaw (Problem)
Flaw (Problem)
Flaw (Problem)
Flaw (Problem)
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on the gro…
The reasoning in the argument is questionable because the arg…
Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw i…
Which one of the following most accurately describes the repo…
Flaw (Problem)
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on the gro…
Flaw (Problem)
The reasoning in the argument is questionable because the arg…
24 terms
Argument Indicators
[premise]. Therefore, [conclusion].... No…
[premise]. Thus, [conclusion].... Note: W…
[premise]. So [conclusion].... Note: We d…
[premise]. Hence, [conclusion].... Note:…
___. Therefore, ___.
___. Thus, ___.
___. So ___.
___. Hence, ___.
[premise]. Therefore, [conclusion].... No…
___. Therefore, ___.
[premise]. Thus, [conclusion].... Note: W…
___. Thus, ___.
47 terms
LSAT
Argument strategy 4-step process
Main Point or Main Conclusion
The Task Is To
Analyze and Apply By
1. Evaluate the Question Task ... 2. Analyze the Argument... 3. App…
"the main point is"... "the main conclusion is"... "the argument le…
Identify the argument's conclusion: what the person making th…
finding the conclusion, if it's explicitly stated; if not, th…
Argument strategy 4-step process
1. Evaluate the Question Task ... 2. Analyze the Argument... 3. App…
Main Point or Main Conclusion
"the main point is"... "the main conclusion is"... "the argument le…
10 terms
Izzy LR Strategy
Inference
Assumption
Method of Argument
Main Point
1) Identify question type ... 2) look for the main conclusion/po…
1) identify question type ... 2) look for conclusion and evidenc…
Key Words... proceeds by, responds by 1) Identify the question 2…
1) identify question type 2) identify key words in text such…
Inference
1) Identify question type ... 2) look for the main conclusion/po…
Assumption
1) identify question type ... 2) look for conclusion and evidenc…
10 terms
Logical Reasoning Question Strategy Tasks
Assumption
Strengthen / Weaken
Flaw
Inference
Bridge the gap between the evidence and the conclusion
Find the answer that makes the conclusion more/less likely to…
Find disconnects between the evidence and the conclusion, and…
Determine what must be true. Look for connections
Assumption
Bridge the gap between the evidence and the conclusion
Strengthen / Weaken
Find the answer that makes the conclusion more/less likely to…
91 terms
LSAT
Translate "Don't get butter unless"
Translate "S unless T"
"A if and only if B"... Grace moves the…
LR Flaw Common OP (common but not limi…
"If butter then -->"
"If ~S --> T
If A -->B; If B --> A... If H moves chair --> G moves Sofa... (con…
Overlooked Possibilities... 1.Failure to consider... 2. causation... 3…
Translate "Don't get butter unless"
"If butter then -->"
Translate "S unless T"
"If ~S --> T
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