# Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

In Formal Logic

Words that denote that one thing is suf…

Negative words that indicate a sufficie…

The word "only" in Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be re…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (eve…

- None... - Never... - Not... - Not one

- "Only" signals the necessary term.... - "Only if" signals the n…

In Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be re…

Words that denote that one thing is suf…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (eve…

Words that dente one thing is sufficien…

The different "only" for necessary and…

How to use unless with sufficient/neces…

How to form the Contrapositive

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every ti…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = sufficie…

"No X unless Y" = "If X then Y"... "A unless B" = "If not A then…

- reverse the terms... - negate BOTH terms... - change AND to OR and…

Words that dente one thing is sufficien…

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every ti…

The different "only" for necessary and…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = sufficie…

LR - Main Point

LR - Role of a Statement

LR - Method of Argument

LR - Point at Issue

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and t…

Identify how the specified statement functions within the argu…

Identify author's argumentative strategy (how, not what). Note…

Identify the thing for which two speakers disagree with each o…

LR - Main Point

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and t…

LR - Role of a Statement

Identify how the specified statement functions within the argu…

Simple Argument

Complex Argument

EXCEPT / LEAST

Inference

Premise-->Conclusion

Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion

The true effect of EXCEPT is to logically negate the question…

What follows from the argument--what must be true.

Simple Argument

Premise-->Conclusion

Complex Argument

Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion

Focus on Why, Not What

Embrace Uncertainty

Let Main Points Light the Way

Big Pause

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there, y…

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of the…

1. Reasoning structure = relationships that various components…

1. Make it a habit to take a few seconds to review the structu…

Focus on Why, Not What

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there, y…

Embrace Uncertainty

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of the…

List all question types (13)

What do you READ for in a WEAKEN questi…

What will the ANSWER do in a WEAKEN que…

What do you answer when DOWN to TWO for…

Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Suf…

Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws

Give new info that allow the evidence to be true, but point to…

Go back to the argument and focus on the conclusion: which ans…

List all question types (13)

Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Suf…

What do you READ for in a WEAKEN questi…

Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless..…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for N…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for N…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for N…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for N…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. Underline: conclusion and look for N…

Strict Sequencing

*Loose Sequencing

Selection Undefined

Selection Defined

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions ... ~a game…

Ordering entities with respect to each other... *have not learned…

Choosing a small group out of a large group w/o knowing how mu…

Choosing a small group out of a large group, knowing how many,…

Strict Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions ... ~a game…

*Loose Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to each other... *have not learned…

Strict Sequencing

Strict Sequencing

Strict Sequencing

Loose Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.

Look for Limited Options and Block of Entities.

Ordering entities with respect to each other

Strict Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.

Strict Sequencing

Analogy

Example

Counterexamples

Appeal to Authority

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing a s…

author cites an expert or another figure as support for her co…

Analogy

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

Example

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

Strengthen

Weaken

Sufficient Assumption

Necessary Assumption

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

1. Identify the Q (logically inferred, properly inferred)... 2. R…

1. Identify the Q (depends, required, necessary, this argument…

Strengthen

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

Weaken

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless..…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: ter…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

Logic Games Method

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities

Limited Options

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deductio…

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Number…

Two or more players who are always grouped together

Rules or restrictions that limit the overall setup to one of t…

Logic Games Method

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deductio…

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Number…

logic games

BLEND

logic games questions

strict sequencing

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution

numbered sequence

logic games

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

BLEND

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

Main Point

Necessary Assumption

Sufficient Assumption

Weaken

1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why test…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Loo…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Rea…

Main Point

1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why test…

Necessary Assumption

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…

logic games

BLEND

logic games questions

strict sequencing

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution

numbered sequence

logic games

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

BLEND

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

Main Point

Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…

ID Reasoning

ID Reasoning Variant: ID Response

Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads to…

Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…

Question: the argument proceeds by, a method of reasoning empl…

Question: X responds by, responds in which one of the followin…

Main Point

Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads to…

Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…

Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…

Main Conclusion (MC)

Strengthen/Support (SS)

Weaken (W)

Necessary Assumption (NA)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> St…

HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> Sti…

MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers)…

Main Conclusion (MC)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…

Strengthen/Support (SS)

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> St…

inference

inference (level of truth)

Which one of the following is most stro…

Which one of the following is a conclus…

a deduction made from facts given in the question

the correct answer is one that must be true

inference

a valid deduction/conclusion drawn from those statements.

inference

a deduction made from facts given in the question

inference (level of truth)

the correct answer is one that must be true

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers a…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) is…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers a…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) is…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers a…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) is…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless..…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: ter…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless..…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: ter…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…