#### Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

#### Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

Words that dente one thing is sufficie…

The different "only" for necessary and…

How to use unless with sufficient/nece…

How to form the Contrapositive

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every t…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = suffici…

"No X unless Y" = "If X then Y"... "A unless B" = "If not A then…

- reverse the terms... - negate BOTH terms... - change AND to OR an…

Words that dente one thing is sufficie…

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every t…

The different "only" for necessary and…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = suffici…

In Formal Logic

Words that denote that one thing is su…

Negative words that indicate a suffici…

The word "only" in Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be r…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (ev…

- None... - Never... - Not... - Not one

- "Only" signals the necessary term.... - "Only if" signals the…

In Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be r…

Words that denote that one thing is su…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (ev…

Simple Argument

Complex Argument

EXCEPT / LEAST

Inference

Premise-->Conclusion

Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion

The true effect of EXCEPT is to logically negate the question…

What follows from the argument--what must be true.

Simple Argument

Premise-->Conclusion

Complex Argument

Premise-->Conclusion/Premise-->Conclusion

LR - Main Point

LR - Role of a Statement

LR - Method of Argument

LR - Point at Issue

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and…

Identify how the specified statement functions within the arg…

Identify author's argumentative strategy (how, not what). Not…

Identify the thing for which two speakers disagree with each…

LR - Main Point

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and…

LR - Role of a Statement

Identify how the specified statement functions within the arg…

Focus on Why, Not What

Embrace Uncertainty

Let Main Points Light the Way

Big Pause

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there,…

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of th…

1. Reasoning structure = relationships that various component…

1. Make it a habit to take a few seconds to review the struct…

Focus on Why, Not What

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there,…

Embrace Uncertainty

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of th…

List all question types (13)

What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…

What will the ANSWER do in a WEAKEN qu…

What do you answer when DOWN to TWO fo…

Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…

Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws

Give new info that allow the evidence to be true, but point t…

Go back to the argument and focus on the conclusion: which an…

List all question types (13)

Weaken, Flaw, Main Point, Reasoning, Necessary Assumption, Su…

What do you READ for in a WEAKEN quest…

Reasoning: Conclusion, Premises, Common Flaws

Strengthen

Weaken

Sufficient Assumption

Necessary Assumption

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…

1. Identify the Q (logically inferred, properly inferred)... 2.…

1. Identify the Q (depends, required, necessary, this argumen…

Strengthen

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…

Weaken

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Iden…

Logic Games Method

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities

Limited Options

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deducti…

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Numbe…

Two or more players who are always grouped together

Rules or restrictions that limit the overall setup to one of…

Logic Games Method

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deducti…

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Numbe…

logic games

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logic games questions

strict sequencing

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…

acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution

numbered sequence

logic games

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

BLEND

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

Main Point

Necessary Assumption

Sufficient Assumption

Weaken

1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Lo…

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) Re…

Main Point

1.) Identify the conclusion and premises.... 2.) Use the Why tes…

Necessary Assumption

1.) Identify the conclusion, premises, and assumptions... 2.) If…

logic games

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logic games questions

strict sequencing

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…

acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution

numbered sequence

logic games

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

BLEND

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicati…

Main Conclusion (MC)

Strengthen/Support (SS)

Weaken (W)

Necessary Assumption (NA)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…

HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…

MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…

Main Conclusion (MC)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…

Strengthen/Support (SS)

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…

Main Point

Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…

ID Reasoning

ID Reasoning Variant: ID Response

Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads t…

Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…

Question: the argument proceeds by, a method of reasoning emp…

Question: X responds by, responds in which one of the followi…

Main Point

Question: the main point/ conclusion is, the argument leads t…

Conclusion Variants; Point at Issue or…

Question: the main point at issue is, an issue in dispute is,…

Analogy

Example

Counterexamples

Appeal to Authority

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing a…

author cites an expert or another figure as support for her c…

Analogy

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

Example

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

inference

inference (level of truth)

Which one of the following is most str…

Which one of the following is a conclu…

a deduction made from facts given in the question

the correct answer is one that must be true

inference

a valid deduction/conclusion drawn from those statements.

inference

a deduction made from facts given in the question

inference (level of truth)

the correct answer is one that must be true

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

Formal Logic: Sufficient

Formal Logic: Necessary

Formal Logic: And

Formal Logic: Or

"trigger" or "if" term

"result" or "then" term

Both terms are needed for a sufficient condition to triggers…

At least one of the terms (the first or the second or both) i…

Formal Logic: Sufficient

"trigger" or "if" term

Formal Logic: Necessary

"result" or "then" term

Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…

Justify Formula

Justify Stem versus Other question types

General "nutshell" rule for Mechanisti…

The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…

Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion

1. The stem often uses the word "if" or another sufficient co…

link new elements in the premises and the conclusion and igno…

Correct Answers in Justify Questions D…

The correct answer will strengthen the argument so well that…

Justify Formula

Premises + Correct Answer Choice = Conclusion

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

Main Conclusion (MC)

Strengthen/Support (SS)

Weaken (W)

Necessary Assumption (NA)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…

HURTS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO.... -- (Answers --> St…

MAKES or BREAKS THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answers…

Main Conclusion (MC)

LABELS A PART OF THE ARGUMENT, AS IS... -- (Stimulus --> Answer…

Strengthen/Support (SS)

HELPS THE ARGUMENT BY PROVIDING NEW INFO. ... -- (Answers --> S…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: t…

Assumption

Strengthen/Weaken

Flaw

Inference

assumed, assumption, presuppose, if added to the premises ... T…

strengthen, most strongly supports the author OR most weakens…

vulnerable to criticism, questionable, error of reasoning, de…

must be true, locally completes the passage, can be inferred,…

Assumption

assumed, assumption, presuppose, if added to the premises ... T…

Strengthen/Weaken

strengthen, most strongly supports the author OR most weakens…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - P.…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... - Find core (underline conclusion)... - A…