# Study sets matching "lsat strategy"

Study sets

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Classes

Users

In Formal Logic

Words that denote that one thing is suf…

Negative words that indicate a sufficie…

The word "only" in Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be re…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (eve…

- None... - Never... - Not... - Not one

- "Only" signals the necessary term.... - "Only if" signals the n…

In Formal Logic

* "And" means you need both terms for the conditional to be re…

Words that denote that one thing is suf…

- All... - Any (any time, any place, anybody, etc..)... - Every (eve…

Words that dente one thing is sufficien…

The different "only" for necessary and…

How to use unless with sufficient/neces…

How to form the Contrapositive

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every ti…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = sufficie…

"No X unless Y" = "If X then Y"... "A unless B" = "If not A then…

- reverse the terms... - negate BOTH terms... - change AND to OR and…

Words that dente one thing is sufficien…

- All... - Any, anytime, anyplace, anybody, etc... - Every, every ti…

The different "only" for necessary and…

- ONLY = necessary... - ONLY IF = necessary... - THE ONLY = sufficie…

LSAT Strategy

1. Identify and employ five kinds of re…

2. Research the relevant text and accur…

3. Use topic, scope, purpose and main i…

Skills involved in researching the text and predicting the cor…

a). Line Reference... b). Paragraph Reference... c). Quoted Text... d).…

...

...

LSAT Strategy

Skills involved in researching the text and predicting the cor…

1. Identify and employ five kinds of re…

a). Line Reference... b). Paragraph Reference... c). Quoted Text... d).…

Focus on Why, Not What

Embrace Uncertainty

Let Main Points Light the Way

Big Pause

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there, y…

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of the…

1. Reasoning structure = relationships that various components…

1. Make it a habit to take a few seconds to review the structu…

Focus on Why, Not What

1.) If you understand why each part of the passage is there, y…

Embrace Uncertainty

1. Uncertainty is ok and common. You have until the end of the…

Chapter 1 - Reasoning ... Question Stem ... W…

Chapter 1 - Reasoning ... Question Stem ... E…

Chapter 1 - Reasoning... Example... (1) Ainsl…

Chapter 2 - Formal Logic... Conditional St…

Right answers: Must be true... Wrong answers: Could be false or m…

Right answers: Could be true or must be true ... Wrong answers: M…

Ainsley owns a blue shirt - Could be true or false. (no info.…

1. A sufficient term, also known as the "trigger" or "if" term…

Chapter 1 - Reasoning ... Question Stem ... W…

Right answers: Must be true... Wrong answers: Could be false or m…

Chapter 1 - Reasoning ... Question Stem ... E…

Right answers: Could be true or must be true ... Wrong answers: M…

LSAT Question Types

Strengthen leads to which question type

Most strongly supports the author leads…

Most weakens

Assumption... Strengthen/ Weaken ... Flaw... Inference ... Parallel Reason…

Strengthen

Strengthen

Weakens

LSAT Question Types

Assumption... Strengthen/ Weaken ... Flaw... Inference ... Parallel Reason…

Strengthen leads to which question type

Strengthen

Analogy

Example

Counterexamples

Appeal to Authority

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing a s…

author cites an expert or another figure as support for her co…

Analogy

author draws parallels between two unrelated situations

Example

author cites specific cases to justify a generalization

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...if true, guarantees the conclusion.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

what do conditional statement do?

what is the sufficient term in a condit…

what is the necessary term in a conditi…

what are 5 words that denote that one t…

express a relationship of logical necessity

the part that immediately follows "if"

the part that immediately follows "then"

1. all... 2. any (any time, any place, anybody, etc...)... 3. every…

what do conditional statement do?

express a relationship of logical necessity

what is the sufficient term in a condit…

the part that immediately follows "if"

LR - Main Point

LR - Role of a Statement

LR - Method of Argument

LR - Point at Issue

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and t…

Identify how the specified statement functions within the argu…

Identify author's argumentative strategy (how, not what). Note…

Identify the thing for which two speakers disagree with each o…

LR - Main Point

Identify the author's main conclusion. Focus on keywords and t…

LR - Role of a Statement

Identify how the specified statement functions within the argu…

LG: Reading the SCENARIO

LG: Reading the RULES

LG: Notating the RULES

LG: Important Rule Types

1. Circle: # words.... 2. Note: if 1-to-1 or over/underbooked... 3.…

1. Scan all rules quickly to see if they can be combined.... 2. R…

1. Print small.... 2. Write contrapositives.... 3. Boxes, slashes, a…

- Leaders/Followers... - Chunks and Anti-Chunks... - Either__ or __…

LG: Reading the SCENARIO

1. Circle: # words.... 2. Note: if 1-to-1 or over/underbooked... 3.…

LG: Reading the RULES

1. Scan all rules quickly to see if they can be combined.... 2. R…

Method for Logical Reasoning

LR - Assumption Question Strategy

LR - Strengthen/Weaken Question Strategy

LR - Flaw Question Strategy

1. Identify the Question Type... 2. Untangle the Stimulus... 3. Make…

Bridge the gap between evidence and the conclusion... Use the "D…

Find the answer that makes the conclusion more/less likely to…

Find disconnects between the evidence and the conclusion, and…

Method for Logical Reasoning

1. Identify the Question Type... 2. Untangle the Stimulus... 3. Make…

LR - Assumption Question Strategy

Bridge the gap between evidence and the conclusion... Use the "D…

Main Conclusion

Strengthen

Weaken

Necessary Assumption

- Usually in beginning/middle of stimulus.... - "Opinion"-like la…

ELIMINATE: ... - irrelevant/neutral answers... - be skeptical of one…

ELIMINATE: ... - irrelevant/neutral answers; ... - be skeptical of o…

DIAGRAM: if necessary... ELIMINATE: ... - SA... - converse/inverse... - ou…

Main Conclusion

- Usually in beginning/middle of stimulus.... - "Opinion"-like la…

Strengthen

ELIMINATE: ... - irrelevant/neutral answers... - be skeptical of one…

Assumption ("assumed, assumption, presu…

Strengthen/Weaken ("strengthen, most st…

Flaw ("vulnerable to criticism, questio…

Inference ("must be true, logically com…

Bridge the gap between the evidence and the conclusion. Use th…

Find the answer that makes the conclusion more/less likely to…

Find disconnects between the evidence and the conclusion, and…

Determine what must be true. Look for connections.

Assumption ("assumed, assumption, presu…

Bridge the gap between the evidence and the conclusion. Use th…

Strengthen/Weaken ("strengthen, most st…

Find the answer that makes the conclusion more/less likely to…

Strengthen

Weaken

Sufficient Assumption

Necessary Assumption

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

1. Identify the Q (logically inferred, properly inferred)... 2. R…

1. Identify the Q (depends, required, necessary, this argument…

Strengthen

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

Weaken

1. Identify the Q... 2. Read and paraphrase the stimulus... 3. Ident…

Strict Sequencing

Strict Sequencing

Strict Sequencing

Loose Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.

Look for Limited Options and Block of Entities.

Ordering entities with respect to each other

Strict Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.

Strict Sequencing

Strict Sequencing

*Loose Sequencing

Selection Undefined

Selection Defined

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions ... ~a game…

Ordering entities with respect to each other... *have not learned…

Choosing a small group out of a large group w/o knowing how mu…

Choosing a small group out of a large group, knowing how many,…

Strict Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to defined positions ... ~a game…

*Loose Sequencing

Ordering entities with respect to each other... *have not learned…

RC: Annotation Strategies

RC: Author's opinion questions: common…

RC: COMPARATIVE PASSAGES... Key Ideas

RC: QUESTION PROMPT... "According to the p…

CIRCLE: pivot, modal, & quantifier words.... UNDERLINE: all words…

Watch out for absolutist language that's hard to support/defen…

COMPARE: ... "P.O.S.E." = purpose, opinion, scope, and evidence.…

(Identification Question)... Correct answers:... - EXPLICITLY in th…

RC: Annotation Strategies

CIRCLE: pivot, modal, & quantifier words.... UNDERLINE: all words…

RC: Author's opinion questions: common…

Watch out for absolutist language that's hard to support/defen…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...if true, guarantees the conclusion.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

logic games

BLEND

logic games questions

strict sequencing

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

acceptability... must be/could be... if's... rule substitution

numbered sequence

logic games

SEAL... sketch... rules... BLEND... questions

BLEND

blocks... limited options... established entities... numbers... duplicatio…

Analogy

Example

CounterExamples

Appeal to Authority

Author draws paralles between two unrelated situations

An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generaliz…

Author seeks to discredit an opponents argument by citing a sp…

Author cites an expert or another figure as support for her co…

Analogy

Author draws paralles between two unrelated situations

Example

An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generaliz…

Logic Games Method

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities

Limited Options

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deductio…

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Number…

Two or more players who are always grouped together

Rules or restrictions that limit the overall setup to one of t…

Logic Games Method

Step 1: Overview... Step 2: Sketch... Step 3: Rules... Step 4: Deductio…

Common Logic Game Deductions

Blocks of Entities... Limited Options... Established Entities... Number…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...conclusion does not follow unless..…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

NECESSARY ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: ter…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. UNDERLINE: conclusion.... 2. CIRCLE: te…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...if true, guarantees the conclusion.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

"...properly inferred...if true..."

"...if assumed...properly drawn..."

"...if true, guarantees the conclusion.…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if assumed..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…

"...properly inferred...if true..."

SUFFICIENT ASSUMPTION... 1. FIND: gaps in premises & term shifts…