#### Study sets matching "lsat"

#### Study sets matching "lsat"

If... When... All ... Any... Each... Every

Only if

Only

If and only if

Signals a Sufficient Condition

Signals a Necessary Condition

signals Necessary Condition... BUT find what/who refers to

both Sufficient and Necessary

If... When... All ... Any... Each... Every

Signals a Sufficient Condition

Only if

Signals a Necessary Condition

Sufficient Condition

Necessary condition

Premise indicators

Conclusion indicators

If, when, whenever, every, all, any, each, in order to, peopl…

Then, only, only If,must ,required, unless, except, until, wi…

Because, since, for, for example, for the reason that, in tha…

Thus, therefore, hence, consequently, as a result, so, accord…

Sufficient Condition

If, when, whenever, every, all, any, each, in order to, peopl…

Necessary condition

Then, only, only If,must ,required, unless, except, until, wi…

Conditional Statements

Words that introduce a sufficient cond…

Words that introduce a necessary condi…

The "Unless Equation"

If a person gets an A on a test, then they must have studied…

If... When ... Whenever... Every ... All ... Any ... People Who ... In order to

Then ... Only ... Only if ... Must ... Required... Unless ... Except ... Until ... Wi…

Any term modified by unless, except, until, or without, becom…

Conditional Statements

If a person gets an A on a test, then they must have studied…

Words that introduce a sufficient cond…

If... When ... Whenever... Every ... All ... Any ... People Who ... In order to

Kaplan: What is a sufficient term?

Kaplan: What is a necessary term?

Kaplan: words that denote that one thi…

Kaplan: Negative words that indicate a…

if statement... enough to require the other part... Don't need any…

then statement... Required whenever the sufficient term is present

all... any... every... whenever... each

None... Never... Not... No one

Kaplan: What is a sufficient term?

if statement... enough to require the other part... Don't need any…

Kaplan: What is a necessary term?

then statement... Required whenever the sufficient term is present

"SPACES BEHIND/SPACES AFTER" indicates…

"SPACES BETWEEN/SPACES SEPARATED BY" i…

"SPACES/AHEAD/SPACES BEFORE" indicates…

IF introduces what condition?

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

The exact number of spaces between two variables

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

SUFFICIENT

"SPACES BEHIND/SPACES AFTER" indicates…

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

"SPACES BETWEEN/SPACES SEPARATED BY" i…

The exact number of spaces between two variables

Sufficient Condition

Necessary Condition

If a necessary condition occurs, does…

If a sufficient condition occur, does…

A sufficient condition is an event or circumstance whose occu…

A necessary condition can is an event or circumstance whose o…

No. sufficient condition does not necessarily have to happen

Yes. If sufficient condition occur you automatically know tha…

Sufficient Condition

A sufficient condition is an event or circumstance whose occu…

Necessary Condition

A necessary condition can is an event or circumstance whose o…

"SPACES BEHIND/SPACES AFTER" indicates…

"SPACES BETWEEN/SPACES SEPARATED BY" i…

"SPACES/AHEAD/SPACES BEFORE" indicates…

IF introduces what condition?

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

The exact number of spaces between two variables

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

SUFFICIENT

"SPACES BEHIND/SPACES AFTER" indicates…

To count the number of spaces from one variable to another

"SPACES BETWEEN/SPACES SEPARATED BY" i…

The exact number of spaces between two variables

Must be true- Avoid answers that are t…

MBT "Accepting which of the following…

X if and only if Y

Not all T's are V's diagrammed like..

miss the point of the author's argument

Find the answer that is proven by the info in the stimulus

x<->y

T some ~V (some T not V)

Must be true- Avoid answers that are t…

miss the point of the author's argument

MBT "Accepting which of the following…

Find the answer that is proven by the info in the stimulus

Define Premise

Define Conclusion

Premise

Conclusion

A fact or statement from which a conclusion is made

A statement or judgement that follows from one or more reasons

Because... Since... For... For example... For the reason that... In that ... Gi…

Thus ... Therefore... Hence... Consequently ... As a result... So... Accordingl…

Define Premise

A fact or statement from which a conclusion is made

Define Conclusion

A statement or judgement that follows from one or more reasons

LSAT Structure

article

flashcards

Contrapositive

Logical Reasoning 35 min 24-26 questions ... Logical Reasoning 3…

http://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/top-law…

http://www.cram.com/tag/lsat

The one correct logical deduction you can make with a single…

LSAT Structure

Logical Reasoning 35 min 24-26 questions ... Logical Reasoning 3…

article

http://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/top-law…

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Inclusive vs Exclusive "Or"

Sufficient Conditions:... If, When, Where, All, The only, every…

Necessary Conditions:... Only, Only if, Only when, Only where,…

UNLESS, UNTIL, OR, WITHOUT... You can negate either one because…

Assume inclusive unless otherwise stated.... Inclusive is and/o…

Group 1

Sufficient Conditions:... If, When, Where, All, The only, every…

Group 2

Necessary Conditions:... Only, Only if, Only when, Only where,…

Reading Comprehension Method

Topic

Scope

Purpose

1: Read the passage strategically (prioritize)... 2: Identify th…

the overall subject of the passage

the aspect of the topic that the author is focusing on

WHY is the author writing the passage (ex: to refute, to eval…

Reading Comprehension Method

1: Read the passage strategically (prioritize)... 2: Identify th…

Topic

the overall subject of the passage

Conclusion indicators

Premise indicators

Opinion indicators

Concession indicators

Therefore... Thus... So... Hence... Then... As a result

For... Because... Since... After all... And (between two big ideas)

Believe... Think... Argue... Claim... Hold

Although... Despite... Albeit... Even though

Conclusion indicators

Therefore... Thus... So... Hence... Then... As a result

Premise indicators

For... Because... Since... After all... And (between two big ideas)

"Takes for granted"

3 LR families

2 types of propositions

Argument must have at least a ...

"Assumes without evidence"

1.implication family... 2. Operation family... 3. Characterization…

1. Premises: evidence... 2. Conclusions

Premise & conclusion

"Takes for granted"

"Assumes without evidence"

3 LR families

1.implication family... 2. Operation family... 3. Characterization…

wrong logical reasoning answer types

Logical reasoning method

Logic games method

Conclusion key words

outside scope, irrelevant comparison, extreme, distortion, 18…

1. ID question type 2. Read stimulus 3. Predict answers 4. Re…

1. Overview (SEAL info) 2. Sketch 3. Draw rules 4. Deductions…

Thus, Therefore, So, Obviously, It follows that, Clearly, etc

wrong logical reasoning answer types

outside scope, irrelevant comparison, extreme, distortion, 18…

Logical reasoning method

1. ID question type 2. Read stimulus 3. Predict answers 4. Re…

Logical Reasoning section

Components of a logical argument

Deductive valid logical arguments

Set argument

two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 pass…

built from premises (established fact all parties must agree…

deductive arguments present absolute rules; working with them…

establish groups of people or objects and state certain chara…

Logical Reasoning section

two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 pass…

Components of a logical argument

built from premises (established fact all parties must agree…

LR: Implication Family

LR: Operation Family

LR: Characterization Family

Premise Words

Require the identification of a statement that is implied by…

Require the performance of an operation on the stimulus ... 1. S…

Require you to characterize the stimulus of some part of it.…

Since... Because... For... As... After all... Moreover... In addition ... Given that

LR: Implication Family

Require the identification of a statement that is implied by…

LR: Operation Family

Require the performance of an operation on the stimulus ... 1. S…

Premise Indicators I

Premise Indicators II

Conclusion Indicators I

Conclusion indicators II

Because... since... for... for example... for the reason that... in that

Given that... as indicated by... due to... owing to... this can be seen f…

thus... therefore... hence... consequently... as a result... so

accordingly... clearly... must be that ... shows that... conclude that... fo…

Premise Indicators I

Because... since... for... for example... for the reason that... in that

Premise Indicators II

Given that... as indicated by... due to... owing to... this can be seen f…

acerbic

acolyte

acquiescence

accede

acerb

assistant. a highly influential economist whose acolytes can…

good manners demanded our cheerful acquiescence to our host's…

: to agree to a request or a demand. finally acceded to their…

acerbic

acerb

acolyte

assistant. a highly influential economist whose acolytes can…

shoplift

abominable

decompose

engender

steal in the store... Nobody's jailed for 12 months for ~ing.

unequivocally detestable... War is an abominable sin.... Slavery i…

separate into constituent elements or parts, break down or de…

make happen [team spirit / cooperation]... The government has ~…

shoplift

steal in the store... Nobody's jailed for 12 months for ~ing.

abominable

unequivocally detestable... War is an abominable sin.... Slavery i…

Premise Indicators

Conclusion Indicators

Counter-Premise Indicators

Quantity Indicators

Because... Since... In That... For... For Example... Due to..…

Thus... Therefore... Hence... Consequently... As a Result...…

But... Yet... However... On the other hand... Admittedtly...…

All... Every... Most... Many... Some... Several... Few... Onl…

Premise Indicators

Because... Since... In That... For... For Example... Due to..…

Conclusion Indicators

Thus... Therefore... Hence... Consequently... As a Result...…

assumption sufficient (SUF)

assumption necessary (NEC)

strengten (STN)

weaken (WKN)

ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…

ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…

ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true.

ACS will make the assumption less likely to be true.

assumption sufficient (SUF)

ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…

assumption necessary (NEC)

ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…

Must Be True

Main Point

Point at Issue

Assumption

Identify the answer choice that is best proven by the informa…

Find the Primary conclusion made by the Author. ... Family #1 Pr…

Identify a point of contention between two speakers. Often ha…

Identify an assumption of the author's argument.... Family #2 Help

Must Be True

Identify the answer choice that is best proven by the informa…

Main Point

Find the Primary conclusion made by the Author. ... Family #1 Pr…

Expatriate

Premature

Impoverished

Pivotal

A person who lives outside and native country

Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early

Make a person or an area poor

Crucial importance in relation to the success or development…

Expatriate

A person who lives outside and native country

Premature

Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early

Conclusion key words

premise key words

question type 2s

must be true (equivalent)

1. Therefore... 2. Thus... 3. So... 4. In conclusion... 5. Consequently... 6…

1. since... 2. because... 3. for... 4. after all... 5. proven by the fact…

1. answers that restate premise are always wrong.... 2. the conc…

cannot be false

Conclusion key words

1. Therefore... 2. Thus... 3. So... 4. In conclusion... 5. Consequently... 6…

premise key words

1. since... 2. because... 3. for... 4. after all... 5. proven by the fact…