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Study sets matching "lsat"

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Study sets matching "lsat"

51 terms
LSAT
Logical Reasoning section
Components of a logical argument
Deductive valid logical arguments
Set argument
two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 pass…
built from premises (established fact all parties must agree…
deductive arguments present absolute rules; working with them…
establish groups of people or objects and state certain chara…
Logical Reasoning section
two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 pass…
Components of a logical argument
built from premises (established fact all parties must agree…
15 terms
LSAT
Premise Indicators
Conclusion Indicators
Counter-Premise Indicators
Quantity Indicators
Because... Since... In That... For... For Example... Due to..…
Thus... Therefore... Hence... Consequently... As a Result...…
But... Yet... However... On the other hand... Admittedtly...…
All... Every... Most... Many... Some... Several... Few... Onl…
Premise Indicators
Because... Since... In That... For... For Example... Due to..…
Conclusion Indicators
Thus... Therefore... Hence... Consequently... As a Result...…
51 terms
LSAT
"if"
"when"
"where"
"all"
sufficient
sufficient
sufficient
sufficient
"if"
sufficient
"when"
sufficient
88 terms
LSAT
What is the order of difficulty for th…
When asked to count to a number, for e…
Can the questions be ambiguous? Are th…
What is the meaning of "or" on the LSAT?
Ordering games (easiest), grouping games (harder), and assign…
You dont count through the number. You count up to it. For ex…
Nope, so baby dont you worry.
It's inclusive in that, both options are possible.
What is the order of difficulty for th…
Ordering games (easiest), grouping games (harder), and assign…
When asked to count to a number, for e…
You dont count through the number. You count up to it. For ex…
453 terms
LSAT
assumption sufficient (SUF)
assumption necessary (NEC)
strengten (STN)
weaken (WKN)
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…
ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true.
ACS will make the assumption less likely to be true.
assumption sufficient (SUF)
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
assumption necessary (NEC)
ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
13 terms
LSAT
Must Be True
Main Point
Point at Issue
Assumption
Identify the answer choice that is best proven by the informa…
Find the Primary conclusion made by the Author. ... Family #1 Pr…
Identify a point of contention between two speakers. Often ha…
Identify an assumption of the author's argument.... Family #2 Help
Must Be True
Identify the answer choice that is best proven by the informa…
Main Point
Find the Primary conclusion made by the Author. ... Family #1 Pr…
21 terms
LSAT
Expatriate
Premature
Impoverished
Pivotal
A person who lives outside and native country
Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early
Make a person or an area poor
Crucial importance in relation to the success or development…
Expatriate
A person who lives outside and native country
Premature
Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early
19 terms
LSAT
If
When
Whenever
All
Sufficient
Sufficient
Sufficient
Sufficient
If
Sufficient
When
Sufficient
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
167 terms
lsat
acerbic
acolyte
acquiescence
accede
acerb
assistant. a highly influential economist whose acolytes can…
good manners demanded our cheerful acquiescence to our host's…
: to agree to a request or a demand. finally acceded to their…
acerbic
acerb
acolyte
assistant. a highly influential economist whose acolytes can…
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
25 terms
LSAT
Words that indicate sufficiency
Words that indicate necessity
Negative sufficient words
Negative necessary words
Any... All... When... If... Every
Then... Only... Only if... Always... Must be... Required... Depends
Unless... If not
Without ... Not
Words that indicate sufficiency
Any... All... When... If... Every
Words that indicate necessity
Then... Only... Only if... Always... Must be... Required... Depends
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
17 terms
LSAT
If
When
Whenever
Every
S
S
S
S
If
S
When
S
11 terms
LSAT
what are the four types of logic games…
catch-a-clue questions
restricted questions
unrestricted questions
1. catch-a-clue... 2. restricted... 3. unrestricted... 4. modifiers... (a…
these questions almost always begin with the word "which." Th…
these questions usually begin with the word "if." These quest…
these questions most often begin with the word "which." they…
what are the four types of logic games…
1. catch-a-clue... 2. restricted... 3. unrestricted... 4. modifiers... (a…
catch-a-clue questions
these questions almost always begin with the word "which." Th…
59 terms
LSAT
If Formula
All Formula
If Formula alternate words
All Formula alternate words
If S --> N
All S --> N
Use with: when, whenever, as long as, where, wherever
use with: each, every, any
If Formula
If S --> N
All Formula
All S --> N
8 terms
LSAT
Prove Family
Prove Family (types)
Help Family
Help Family (types)
Answer choices are doubted, stimulus not
Must be true/Most strongly supported, Main Point, Point at is…
Stimulus is doubted, answer choices not
Assumption, justify the conclusion, strengthen/support, resol…
Prove Family
Answer choices are doubted, stimulus not
Prove Family (types)
Must be true/Most strongly supported, Main Point, Point at is…
26 terms
LSAT
Assumption Sufficient
Assumption Necessary
Strengthen
Weaken
SUF- AC proves the assumption & therefore the conclusion true
NEC- AC will provide information that is needed for the assum…
STN- AC will make the assumption more likely to be true
WKN- AC will make the assumption less likely to be true
Assumption Sufficient
SUF- AC proves the assumption & therefore the conclusion true
Assumption Necessary
NEC- AC will provide information that is needed for the assum…
16 terms
LSAT
Weaken a causal argument
Reading comprehension 4 points
Reading Comprehension pay attention
Two types of Conclusions
Provide an alternate cause... Show that cause and effect are rev…
Cast of Characters... Author's Opinion... Main Idea... Passage Structure
What's interesting... What questions would you ask yourself... Any…
Descriptive or Prescriptive which are either absolute or poss…
Weaken a causal argument
Provide an alternate cause... Show that cause and effect are rev…
Reading comprehension 4 points
Cast of Characters... Author's Opinion... Main Idea... Passage Structure
45 terms
LSAT
Type One
Type Two
Type Three
Type Four
Must Be True/Conclusion/Inference... - If the statements above a…
Strengthen/Premise/Assumption... - The argument above would be s…
Weaken... - Which one of the following statements , if true, mos…
Method of Reasoning... - The argument employs which of the follo…
Type One
Must Be True/Conclusion/Inference... - If the statements above a…
Type Two
Strengthen/Premise/Assumption... - The argument above would be s…
15 terms
LSAT
SEAL
BLEND
Reading comprehension
RC GLOBAL
Situations ... Entities ... Action ... Limitations
Blocks of Entities ... Limited Options ... Established Entities ... Nu…
1. Build map... 2. identify q ... 3. research using roadmap and key…
1. Scope and Main Idea ... 2. Avoid out of scope ... 3. PREDICT... 4.…
SEAL
Situations ... Entities ... Action ... Limitations
BLEND
Blocks of Entities ... Limited Options ... Established Entities ... Nu…
16 terms
LSAT
Implication family key words
Characterization family key words
Operation family key words
Sufficiency key words (A)
1. Must be true ... 2. Is most strongly supported... 3. Must be false
1. Main point ... 2. Method of argumentation... 3. Flaw... 4. Role of…
1. Strengthen ... 2. Weaken... 3. Prove... 4. Explain
If, when, whenever, all, any, each and every
Implication family key words
1. Must be true ... 2. Is most strongly supported... 3. Must be false
Characterization family key words
1. Main point ... 2. Method of argumentation... 3. Flaw... 4. Role of…
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
25 terms
LSAT
Type 2 Question
Type 2S
Type 2N
The If formula
Any answer that makes the conclusion more true
Answer is not just strengthening the conclusion, but providin…
The correct answer is something that is required for the argu…
Part of the statement introduced by "if" constitutes the suff…
Type 2 Question
Any answer that makes the conclusion more true
Type 2S
Answer is not just strengthening the conclusion, but providin…
13 terms
LSAT
Some A are B
Most A are B
Universal Quantifiers Group 1
Universal Quantifiers Group 2
A some B ... Some: many, several, at least one, lots, not none
A -most> B... Most: a majority, more than half,... **cannot read…
If, when, where, all, the only, every, any... Rule: ideas follo…
Only, only if, only when, only where, always, requires, must…
Some A are B
A some B ... Some: many, several, at least one, lots, not none
Most A are B
A -most> B... Most: a majority, more than half,... **cannot read…
LSAT
Strategic Reading
Both your law professors and the LSAT…
Reading strategically helps you to...
Analyzing Arguments
Reading for structure and staying ahead of the author (antici…
Cut through the jargon and explain what the case or passage i…
Zero in on exactly what opinions are present and how that kno…
The essence of Logical Reasoning and the essence of lawyering
Strategic Reading
Reading for structure and staying ahead of the author (antici…
Both your law professors and the LSAT…
Cut through the jargon and explain what the case or passage i…
131 terms
LSAT
Argument Definition =
Consequently
Therefore
As a result
Premise + Conclusion
Conclusion
Conclusion
Conclusion
Argument Definition =
Premise + Conclusion
Consequently
Conclusion
17 terms
LSAT
some
most
the most
Negation
at least one
more than 50%, more than half
the single largest share. (the most of 12)
Negate only the necessary condition, leave sufficient
some
at least one
most
more than 50%, more than half
453 terms
LSAT
assumption sufficient (SUF)
assumption necessary (NEC)
strengten (STN)
weaken (WKN)
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…
ACs will make the assumption more likely to be true.
ACS will make the assumption less likely to be true.
assumption sufficient (SUF)
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
assumption necessary (NEC)
ACs will provide info. that is NEEDED for the assumption to b…
12 terms
LSAT
Assumption
How to find assumption
Pro-form
Arguments
• Unstated evidence needed for the conclusion to hold... • Abstr…
1. ID the conclusion... 2. ID the evidence... 3. Circle mismatched…
Anything that refers to something else (try to trick me by us…
Argument = evidence + assumption => yields conclusion... 2 comp…
Assumption
• Unstated evidence needed for the conclusion to hold... • Abstr…
How to find assumption
1. ID the conclusion... 2. ID the evidence... 3. Circle mismatched…
100 terms
LSAT
Contrapositive (a --> b)
SINCE indicates
BECAUSE indicates
THEREFORE indicates
/b/ --> /a/ (if not b then not a)
premise
premise
conclusion
Contrapositive (a --> b)
/b/ --> /a/ (if not b then not a)
SINCE indicates
premise
24 terms
LSAT
Unless Formula: ... "The boat will sink u…
Either/Or Formula: ... Either John or Ell…
The No Formula: ... No reptiles are warm…
The All Formula: ... All vertebrates hav…
Unless introduces the necessary and negation of other part of…
Negation of one variable = sufficient and other = necessary…
No introduces sufficient and negation of other part of the st…
All introduces sufficient condition ... V-->B ... Each, every and…
Unless Formula: ... "The boat will sink u…
Unless introduces the necessary and negation of other part of…
Either/Or Formula: ... Either John or Ell…
Negation of one variable = sufficient and other = necessary…
44 terms
LSAT
Politics speakers
science speakers
medicine speakers
advertisement in front of a stimulus a…
politician, mayor, council member, council chair
scientist, researcher, astrophysicist, oologist
doctor, dentist, pediatrician, physician
means that stimuli would contain flawed reasoning
Politics speakers
politician, mayor, council member, council chair
science speakers
scientist, researcher, astrophysicist, oologist
107 terms
LSAT
arbiter
assessment
assumption
dichotomy
a judge
evaluation
an unstated premise
a separation of contradictory things
arbiter
a judge
assessment
evaluation
12 terms
LSAT
Inhibit
Benign
presuppose
orthodoxy
restrain
kind / not harmful in effect (i.e. a disease)
require as a precondition of possibility or coherence
authorized or generally accepted theory, doctrine, or practice
Inhibit
restrain
Benign
kind / not harmful in effect (i.e. a disease)
18 terms
LSAT
soft must be true questions
P premise... P premise... (assumption)... ____…
premises
Conclusions
The statements above, if true, provide the most support for w…
...
Since ... Because... for ... as... After all... Moreover... In addition... Given t…
Therefore... Thus... Hence... So... As a result... Consequently... it follows t…
soft must be true questions
The statements above, if true, provide the most support for w…
P premise... P premise... (assumption)... ____…
...
12 terms
LSAT
If a sufficient condition occurs....
If a necessary condition occurs...
Introduces sufficient conditions
Introduces a necessary condition
the necessary condition happens EVERY TIME.
then it is POSSIBLE that the sufficient condition will occur,…
if, when, whenever, every, all, any, people who, in order to
Then, only, only if, must, required, unless, except, until, w…
If a sufficient condition occurs....
the necessary condition happens EVERY TIME.
If a necessary condition occurs...
then it is POSSIBLE that the sufficient condition will occur,…
20 terms
LSAT
sufficient condition introducer
sufficient condition introducer
sufficient condition introducer
sufficient condition introducer
if
when
whenever
every
sufficient condition introducer
if
sufficient condition introducer
when
24 terms
LSAT
you read for...
QT Main Point
QT Reasoning
QT Necessary Assumption
Information or Reasoning
Key words: main point, main conclusion, argument is structure…
Key words: X responds to Y by...,claim that....plays what rol…
Assumption on which the argument depends/relies, assumption r…
you read for...
Information or Reasoning
QT Main Point
Key words: main point, main conclusion, argument is structure…
19 terms
LSAT
Strict Sequencing Games
Loose Sequencing Games
Selection Games
Matching Games
Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.... Look fo…
Ordering entities with respect to each other. ... Which entitie…
Choosing a small group out of a large group.... Who is not sele…
Matching two kinds of entities to each other.... Always more th…
Strict Sequencing Games
Ordering entities with respect to defined positions.... Look fo…
Loose Sequencing Games
Ordering entities with respect to each other. ... Which entitie…
125 terms
LSAT
Antecedent
Assertion
Assumption
Claim
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
To declare positively
To take for granted that something is true
To assert
Antecedent
A preceding event, condition, or cause.... Example: If A(definit…
Assertion
To declare positively
29 terms
LSAT
Allegory
Corpus
Idiosyncratic
Pseudomonas
A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through…
A large or complete collection of writings
Pertaining to something peculiar to an individual
Rod shaped bacteria, certain species of which are pathogenic…
Allegory
A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through…
Corpus
A large or complete collection of writings
17 terms
LSAT
No valid conclusion
A some C
A some C
Not C some Not A
A➡️B ... B most C
B➡️C... B some A
Not C ➡️ Not B... A some B
Not B ➡️ Not C... A ➡️B
No valid conclusion
A➡️B ... B most C
A some C
B➡️C... B some A
9 terms
LSAT
9 terms that introduce a sufficient co…
9 terms that introduce a necessary con…
with what terms do we use the unless e…
unless equation
If, when, whenever, every, all, any, each, in order to, peopl…
Then, only, only if, must, required, unless, except, until, w…
unless, except, until, and without
1. whatever term is modified by unless, except, until, or wit…
9 terms that introduce a sufficient co…
If, when, whenever, every, all, any, each, in order to, peopl…
9 terms that introduce a necessary con…
Then, only, only if, must, required, unless, except, until, w…
23 terms
LSAT
Only if
If
Unless
Only where
Necessary
Sufficient
Negate, sufficient
Necessary
Only if
Necessary
If
Sufficient
44 terms
LSAT
Which of the following must be true
Each of the following just be false ex…
Premises- every person in this room is…
If A, then B
Right answers must be true ... Wrong answers could be false or m…
Right answers could be true or must be true ... Wrong answers mu…
Analysis- if a person is in the room, then he or she is a doc…
If A > B
Which of the following must be true
Right answers must be true ... Wrong answers could be false or m…
Each of the following just be false ex…
Right answers could be true or must be true ... Wrong answers mu…
27 terms
LSAT
most 반대
MBT
W/S
some
half
keyword repeated , stim-->answer
answer -->stim, new word
1-100
most 반대
half
MBT
keyword repeated , stim-->answer
44 terms
LSAT
What is a superlative?
What type of language is ... "Leads To"
what type of language is ... "only"?
What type of language is... "worst"?
It is a comparison to all other options
lead too= casaulity
100% ... If then
superlative
What is a superlative?
It is a comparison to all other options
What type of language is ... "Leads To"
lead too= casaulity
3 of 10