# Study sets matching "lsat"

Study sets

Classes

Users

Required Assumption Strategies

UNLESS conditional mantra

ONLY IF conditional mantra

Match the Reasoning Trick

1. Find point... 2. Find support... 3. Examine what the reasoning.... 4…

You can't drive UNLESS you are 16. ... D ---> you are at least 1…

He will eat fish ONLY IF it is dead.... Eat ---> Dead... ONLY IF a…

If you get a match the reasoning question where each answer ch…

Required Assumption Strategies

1. Find point... 2. Find support... 3. Examine what the reasoning.... 4…

UNLESS conditional mantra

You can't drive UNLESS you are 16. ... D ---> you are at least 1…

shoplift

abominable

decompose

engender

steal in the store... Nobody's jailed for 12 months for ~ing.

unequivocally detestable... War is an abominable sin.... Slavery is…

separate into constituent elements or parts, break down or dec…

make happen [team spirit / cooperation]... The government has ~e…

shoplift

steal in the store... Nobody's jailed for 12 months for ~ing.

abominable

unequivocally detestable... War is an abominable sin.... Slavery is…

Necessary

Sufficient

Conditional Statements

Fallacy of the Converse

Required/must be true... If taken away/negated, would destroy arg…

Enough/Guarantees... If aded, would guarantee validity of conclus…

If-->Then... Sufficient condition ---> Necessary condition

if A--> B does not mean if B--> A... Can't just switch order of t…

Necessary

Required/must be true... If taken away/negated, would destroy arg…

Sufficient

Enough/Guarantees... If aded, would guarantee validity of conclus…

LR: Problem Types (7)

LR: Inference Types (4)

LR: Structure Type (3)

LR: Matching (2)

Flaw... Strengthen ... Necessary Assumption... Weaken ... Paradox... Sufficie…

Supported... Must be True... Disagree ... Complete

Conclusion ... Role... Reasoning

Parallel Flaw ... Parallel Reasoning

LR: Problem Types (7)

Flaw... Strengthen ... Necessary Assumption... Weaken ... Paradox... Sufficie…

LR: Inference Types (4)

Supported... Must be True... Disagree ... Complete

ad hominem

post hoc

contraceptive

affirming the conclusion fallacy

arguing against the person making the argument, not the argume…

y followed x therefore x caused y... example: ... Flu can cause leg…

if A than B can only imply if not B than not A

if A then B... B therefore A... example: If I am in Tampa than I am…

ad hominem

arguing against the person making the argument, not the argume…

post hoc

y followed x therefore x caused y... example: ... Flu can cause leg…

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Inclusive vs Exclusive "Or"

Sufficient Conditions:... If, When, Where, All, The only, every,…

Necessary Conditions:... Only, Only if, Only when, Only where, a…

UNLESS, UNTIL, OR, WITHOUT... You can negate either one because…

Assume inclusive unless otherwise stated.... Inclusive is and/or…

Group 1

Sufficient Conditions:... If, When, Where, All, The only, every,…

Group 2

Necessary Conditions:... Only, Only if, Only when, Only where, a…

Conclusion key words

premise key words

question type 2s

must be true (equivalent)

1. Therefore... 2. Thus... 3. So... 4. In conclusion... 5. Consequently... 6.…

1. since... 2. because... 3. for... 4. after all... 5. proven by the fact…

1. answers that restate premise are always wrong.... 2. the concl…

cannot be false

Conclusion key words

1. Therefore... 2. Thus... 3. So... 4. In conclusion... 5. Consequently... 6.…

premise key words

1. since... 2. because... 3. for... 4. after all... 5. proven by the fact…

3 types of flaws

Flaw Questions

Basic Assumption Questions

Match the Flaw

piece is not the puzzle, apples are not oranges, 1 + 1 is not 3

Anticipate flaw, but not wording... Make a habit of not eliminati…

Find answer that expresses the flaw as an assumption

Have obvious flaws... Answers are wrong because: reach different…

3 types of flaws

piece is not the puzzle, apples are not oranges, 1 + 1 is not 3

Flaw Questions

Anticipate flaw, but not wording... Make a habit of not eliminati…

If a sufficient condition occurs....

If a necessary condition occurs...

Introduces sufficient conditions

Introduces a necessary condition

the necessary condition happens EVERY TIME.

then it is POSSIBLE that the sufficient condition will occur,…

if, when, whenever, every, all, any, people who, in order to

Then, only, only if, must, required, unless, except, until, wi…

If a sufficient condition occurs....

the necessary condition happens EVERY TIME.

If a necessary condition occurs...

then it is POSSIBLE that the sufficient condition will occur,…

Logical Reasoning section

Components of a logical argument

Deductive valid logical arguments

Set argument

two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 passa…

built from premises (established fact all parties must agree o…

deductive arguments present absolute rules; working with them…

establish groups of people or objects and state certain charac…

Logical Reasoning section

two scored LR sections on every LSAT, typically 25 to 26 passa…

Components of a logical argument

built from premises (established fact all parties must agree o…

Conclusion Questions

Resolve Questions

Strengthen Questions

Weaken Questions

Steps to solve:... 1. Determine whether the question is asking yo…

Steps to solve:... 1. Identify the 2 conflicting pieces of inform…

Steps to solve:... 1. Identify the main conclusion of the squib.…

Steps to solve:... 1. Identify the main conclusion of the squib.…

Conclusion Questions

Steps to solve:... 1. Determine whether the question is asking yo…

Resolve Questions

Steps to solve:... 1. Identify the 2 conflicting pieces of inform…

Conclusion indicators

Premise indicators

Opinion indicators

Concession indicators

Therefore... Thus... So... Hence... Then... As a result

For... Because... Since... After all... And (between two big ideas)

Believe... Think... Argue... Claim... Hold

Although... Despite... Albeit... Even though

Conclusion indicators

Therefore... Thus... So... Hence... Then... As a result

Premise indicators

For... Because... Since... After all... And (between two big ideas)

wrong logical reasoning answer types

Logical reasoning method

Logic games method

Conclusion key words

outside scope, irrelevant comparison, extreme, distortion, 180…

1. ID question type 2. Read stimulus 3. Predict answers 4. Rea…

1. Overview (SEAL info) 2. Sketch 3. Draw rules 4. Deductions…

Thus, Therefore, So, Obviously, It follows that, Clearly, etc

wrong logical reasoning answer types

outside scope, irrelevant comparison, extreme, distortion, 180…

Logical reasoning method

1. ID question type 2. Read stimulus 3. Predict answers 4. Rea…