Study sets matching "lung cancer"

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Study sets matching "lung cancer"

118 terms
lung cancer
what is the number one cause of cancer…
AA population (more/ less) @ risk for…
average age at diagnosis for mm and lu…
survival rate at 5 yrs for lung cancer
lung CA... (and second most common)
more @ risk
70
1
what is the number one cause of cancer…
lung CA... (and second most common)
AA population (more/ less) @ risk for…
more @ risk
10 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer Etiology
oncogenes
tumor suppressor genes
Highly malignant form developing from a constant irritation o…
Smoking... Asbestos exposure... Radon Exposure... Halogen ether exposu…
Cancer-causing genes that are formed due to mutations
A gene whose protein product inhibits cell division, thereby…
Lung Cancer
Highly malignant form developing from a constant irritation o…
Lung Cancer Etiology
Smoking... Asbestos exposure... Radon Exposure... Halogen ether exposu…
6 terms
Lung Cancer
Centrally located (mainstem bronchus)
Peripherally located:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Small Cell Carcinoma
- Have the highest association with smoking. ... - Include *squ…
Adenocarcinomas (the more common primary lung cancer, more co…
Bright Red Cells --> Squamous Cells... -> Whether it is Pap Smea…
Centrally located (mainstem bronchus)
- Have the highest association with smoking. ... - Include *squ…
Peripherally located:
Adenocarcinomas (the more common primary lung cancer, more co…
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer risk factors
Lung Cancer Clinical Presentation
SCLC staging
Limited disease
Age... Asbestos... Radiation... Heavy Metals... Coal... Genetics
Cough... dyspnea... hemoptysis... recurrect infections... chest pain
Limited disease... Extensive disease
Disease confined to one side of the chest and the regional ly…
Lung Cancer risk factors
Age... Asbestos... Radiation... Heavy Metals... Coal... Genetics
Lung Cancer Clinical Presentation
Cough... dyspnea... hemoptysis... recurrect infections... chest pain
10 terms
Lung Cancer
What is the most preventable cancer? H…
What is small cell lung cancer? What c…
What its non small cell lung cancer (N…
What is a targeted therapy for lung ca…
Lung cancer is the most preventable by not smoking.
Neuroendocrine tumors... --> carcinomas originating from hormon…
originates from epithelial cells... --> over-expression of EGFR
Target EGFR because it is over expressed in NSCLC.... IRESSA DR…
What is the most preventable cancer? H…
Lung cancer is the most preventable by not smoking.
What is small cell lung cancer? What c…
Neuroendocrine tumors... --> carcinomas originating from hormon…
22 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer ________ than any other ma…
Lung cancer is the most _____ form of…
Two major types of lung cancers: ... -- E…
______ is the biggest risk factor for…
kills more patients
preventable... Tobacco use
1. NSCLC: Non-small cell lung cancer (87%).... 2. SCLC: Small c…
Cigarette smoking... tobacco... Intensity
Lung cancer ________ than any other ma…
kills more patients
Lung cancer is the most _____ form of…
preventable... Tobacco use
Lung Cancer
squamous cell
small cell lung cancer
single pulmonary nodule
85%
most common type of lung cancer
This lung cancer spreads easily and is often disseminated at…
SPN
percentage of metabolically active SPN which are malignant
squamous cell
most common type of lung cancer
small cell lung cancer
This lung cancer spreads easily and is often disseminated at…
5 terms
Lung cancer
Large cell lung carcinoma accounts for…
Large cell lung carcinoma is associate…
Large cell lung carcinoma, histopathpl…
Most common lung carcinoma in US
5-10%... peripherally
galacrorrhea and gunecomastia
Polygonal cancer cells that form sheet or nest.
Adenocarcinoma (located peripherally)
Large cell lung carcinoma accounts for…
5-10%... peripherally
Large cell lung carcinoma is associate…
galacrorrhea and gunecomastia
17 terms
Lung Cancer
how to tell if chest tube is working
pneumonectomy
calcium levels
treatment for paraneoplastic syndromeneo
bubbling in the chest tube
removal of the entire lung
8.5-10
high dose steroids, plasma pheresis ... IV IGG
how to tell if chest tube is working
bubbling in the chest tube
pneumonectomy
removal of the entire lung
107 terms
Lung Cancer
ROS1, PD-L1
smoking
T
F
2 genetic markers that play a major role in the etiology of l…
what risk factor provides a 30 fold increase in risk of lung…
T/F: smoking cessation can lead to a decrease in risk of lung…
T/F: 2nd hand smoking isn't as big of a risk factor of lung c…
ROS1, PD-L1
2 genetic markers that play a major role in the etiology of l…
smoking
what risk factor provides a 30 fold increase in risk of lung…
71 terms
Lung Cancer
What is the main cause of lung cancer?
What are occupational and environmenta…
What are the warning signs of lung can…
What cancer has the lowest survival ra…
Cigarette smoking
Benzopyrene, radon particles, asbestos fibers, diesel exhaust…
Persistent cough, hemoptysis (coughing up blood), bloody sput…
Lung
What is the main cause of lung cancer?
Cigarette smoking
What are occupational and environmenta…
Benzopyrene, radon particles, asbestos fibers, diesel exhaust…
37 terms
Lung Cancer
5 year overall survival rate
- Responsible for ~80% of lung cancer…
- Cough... - Dyspnea... - Chest, shoulder pa…
- Rapidly growing... - Surgery has no rol…
15%
Smoking
Presentation
Small-cell
5 year overall survival rate
15%
- Responsible for ~80% of lung cancer…
Smoking
5 terms
Lung Cancer
Formula: Number of pack years
Lung cancer: Define
Lung Cancer: Dx
Lung cancer: Sx
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer ... - hypercalcemia (due to increase…
Diagnostic tests ... - Chest x-ray ... - Biopsy (bronchoscopy, nee…
Cough... Wheezing, dyspnea... Hoarseness... Hemoptysis, blood-tinge…
Formula: Number of pack years
Lung cancer: Define
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer ... - hypercalcemia (due to increase…
5 terms
Lung cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Large cell carcinoma
Small cell carcinoma
Location: Central (hilar mass arising from bronchus)... Charact…
Location: Peripheral... Characteristics: ... -Activating mutations…
Location: Central or peripheral... Characteristics: Highly anap…
Location: Central or hilar... Characteristics: undifferentiated…
Squamous cell carcinoma
Location: Central (hilar mass arising from bronchus)... Charact…
Adenocarcinoma
Location: Peripheral... Characteristics: ... -Activating mutations…
20 terms
Lung Cancer
Prevention Lung Cancer
Screening
Diagnosis
Small Cell Lung Cancer Paraneoplastic…
-Abstinence from smoking... -Retinol (vitamin A), B-carotene, N-…
USPSTF recommends low dose CT to screen for early stage lung…
Be alert for symptoms of hemoptysis, fever, weight loss, pulm…
-Acromegaly-growth hormone releasing hormone... -Cushing syndrom…
Prevention Lung Cancer
-Abstinence from smoking... -Retinol (vitamin A), B-carotene, N-…
Screening
USPSTF recommends low dose CT to screen for early stage lung…
Lung Cancer
CT screening should be done in this po…
Paraneoplastic Syndromes of lung cancer
Most common lung cancer
Stage IA NSCLC: Treatment
55-74 yrs old in good health plus... 30 pack year plus... Still smo…
C.SHADOW... -Cushing's syndrome... -SIADH ... -Hypercalcemia... -*A…
Adenocarcinoma
Surgery -/+ adjuvant chemotherapy
CT screening should be done in this po…
55-74 yrs old in good health plus... 30 pack year plus... Still smo…
Paraneoplastic Syndromes of lung cancer
C.SHADOW... -Cushing's syndrome... -SIADH ... -Hypercalcemia... -*A…
Lung cancer
non-small cell and neuroendocrine carc…
adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carci…
well differentiated (carcinoid) and po…
squamous cell, adeno, small cell and o…
what are the 2 categories of lung cancer?
what are the 2 types of non-small cell carcinoma?
what are the 2 categories of neuroendocrine tumor?
what 4 categories of tumor are called bronchogenic carcinomas?
non-small cell and neuroendocrine carc…
what are the 2 categories of lung cancer?
adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carci…
what are the 2 types of non-small cell carcinoma?
Lung Cancer
what percentage of deaths from cancer…
which sex has a higher incidence rate…
why has lung cancer got such a poor pr…
what 2 places lung cancer commonly met…
around 1/4
men
it usually presents very late so treatment cannot help as the…
bone (causing fracture) brain (causing fits)
what percentage of deaths from cancer…
around 1/4
which sex has a higher incidence rate…
men
22 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer S/Sx
Types of Lung Cancer
Cisplatin
Carboplatin
persistent cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, weight loss, chest pai…
Small Cell Carcinoma (SCLC)... - Epithelial Cell... Non-Small Cell…
- alkylating agent... - Renal dose adjust... - Taxanes must be give…
- alkylating agent... - Renal dose adjust... - Taxanes BEFORE plati…
Lung Cancer S/Sx
persistent cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, weight loss, chest pai…
Types of Lung Cancer
Small Cell Carcinoma (SCLC)... - Epithelial Cell... Non-Small Cell…
57 terms
Lung Cancer
What are the 4 types of lung cancer?
What types of lung cancer are consider…
Locus of lung cancer susceptibility ge…
Occupational carcinogens
1. small cell carcinoma... 2. adenocarcinoma... 3. squamous cell ca…
adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carci…
chromosome 6q23-25
1. asbestos... 2. arsenic... 3. cadmium... 4. chromium... 5. radiation... 6.…
What are the 4 types of lung cancer?
1. small cell carcinoma... 2. adenocarcinoma... 3. squamous cell ca…
What types of lung cancer are consider…
adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carci…
Lung cancer
Pathophysiology
Bronchogenic carcinoma
Small cells lung cancer
Nonsmall cell
Damaged bronchial epithelial cells mutate over tome to become…
Aggressive ... Locally invasive ... Widespread mets ... Two types : ... s…
Rapid growth and early spread (aggressive tumor)... Aka oat cel…
Squamous cells... Adenocarcinoma... Large cell carcinoma
Pathophysiology
Damaged bronchial epithelial cells mutate over tome to become…
Bronchogenic carcinoma
Aggressive ... Locally invasive ... Widespread mets ... Two types : ... s…
43 terms
lung cancer
lung cancer epidemiology... histology?... ne…
what is the 5y survival rate?
how many patients are diagnosed with l…
huge challenge with death rates?
80 is NSCLC... 210,000 new cases per year... smoking!!
12%, bad prognosis
about 70% and then its inoperable
they follow the diagnosis curve, meaning that treatment is no…
lung cancer epidemiology... histology?... ne…
80 is NSCLC... 210,000 new cases per year... smoking!!
what is the 5y survival rate?
12%, bad prognosis
125 terms
Lung Cancer
Risk Factors
What is the number one RF for lung can…
List four environmental RF's
NOTE: Radiation Therapy RF's... •Treatm…
...
Smoking (~90% of all lung cancers).
•Second hand smoke... •Asbestos... •Radon... •Metals
...
Risk Factors
...
What is the number one RF for lung can…
Smoking (~90% of all lung cancers).
Lung Cancer
What are the types of lung cancer?
What is the main cause of lung cancer?
What are some causes of lung cancer (b…
Why is there a disparity in cancer in…
Small Cell (15-20%), NSC-squamous cell (30%), NSC-large cell/…
Cigarette Smoking
Occupational and Environmental hazards (Benzopyrene, Radon, A…
Higher than avg poverty and unemployment rates, lower # of ho…
What are the types of lung cancer?
Small Cell (15-20%), NSC-squamous cell (30%), NSC-large cell/…
What is the main cause of lung cancer?
Cigarette Smoking
10 terms
Lung Cancer
Leading cause of cancer-related death…
Peak incidence of lung cancer
females ___ males
Risk factors:
Lung Cancer ... - We do not have adequate screening like we do t…
50-60s
females>males
Cigarette Smoking (1 in 6 people who smoke cigarettes will de…
Leading cause of cancer-related death…
Lung Cancer ... - We do not have adequate screening like we do t…
Peak incidence of lung cancer
50-60s
123 terms
Lung Cancer
What is the leading cause of lung canc…
10 years after smoking cessation what…
What are some risk factors for lung ca…
What are the three genetic factors tha…
smoking
1/2
- smoking... - radon... *homes, buikdings, schools... *colorless, od…
1. Activation of dominant oncogenes... -K-ras, myc (proto-oncog…
What is the leading cause of lung canc…
smoking
10 years after smoking cessation what…
1/2
20 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer: Risk and define
Lung cancer: risk
Lung cancer: Local sx
Lung cancer: SX Local metastasis
• #1 cause of cancer death for male and female ... • #1 risk fac…
•Age... • Cigarette smoking ... - Pack Years=cigarettes/20/day, th…
- cough... - dyspnea-late prognosis... - hemoptysis-late prognosis…
- Esophageal compression -> dysphagia ... - Laryngeal nerve para…
Lung cancer: Risk and define
• #1 cause of cancer death for male and female ... • #1 risk fac…
Lung cancer: risk
•Age... • Cigarette smoking ... - Pack Years=cigarettes/20/day, th…
Lung Cancer
Leading cause of cancer death in women
More likely to develop adenocarcinoma;…
Driver mutations of lung cancer
Immunotherapy for non-small cell lung…
lung
women
kras... egfr... eml4-alk
immune checkpoint inhibitors - used by cancer cells to avoid…
Leading cause of cancer death in women
lung
More likely to develop adenocarcinoma;…
women
7 terms
Lung Cancer
risk factors
screening
clinical manifestations
treatment
smoking, 2nd hand smoke, exposure, family history, women,
education, chest x-ray, CT, MRI, sputum cytology, VAT
persists pneumonitis, chronic cough, fever, chills, chest pai…
pneumonectomy, lobectomy, segmental, wedge resection... chemo, b…
risk factors
smoking, 2nd hand smoke, exposure, family history, women,
screening
education, chest x-ray, CT, MRI, sputum cytology, VAT
6 terms
Lung Cancer
Small cell carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Bronchoalveolar Adenocarcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
- central ... - neoplasm of neuroendocrine Kulchitsky cells (chr…
- peripheral ... - non-smoker... - hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (c…
- hazy infiltrates on CXR that looks like pneumonia... - mucin +…
- central ... - hilar mass that arises from bronchus... - keratin p…
Small cell carcinoma
- central ... - neoplasm of neuroendocrine Kulchitsky cells (chr…
Adenocarcinoma
- peripheral ... - non-smoker... - hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (c…
Lung cancer
Most common malignant tumour & third m…
Aetiological factors
Non small cell carcinomas
Carcinomas by frequency (most common f…
Bronchial carcinoma
-Smoking... -Environmental (asbestos, arsenic, chromium, nickel,…
Squamous cell... Adenocarcinoma... Large cell
Squamous... Adenocarcinoma... Small cell... Large cell... Alveolar cell (…
Most common malignant tumour & third m…
Bronchial carcinoma
Aetiological factors
-Smoking... -Environmental (asbestos, arsenic, chromium, nickel,…
Lung Cancer
Why is it bad to smoke after being dia…
Possible Causes of Lung Cancer
Two Main Types of Lung Cancer
Subtypes of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
• chemo/radiation is less effective in smokers... • side effects…
smoking... • asbestos... • beryllium... • radon... • genetics
• small cell lung cancer (SCLC)... • non small cell lung cancer…
• squamous cell... • adenocarcinoma... • large cell carcinoma... • car…
Why is it bad to smoke after being dia…
• chemo/radiation is less effective in smokers... • side effects…
Possible Causes of Lung Cancer
smoking... • asbestos... • beryllium... • radon... • genetics
54 terms
Lung Cancer
lung cancer risk factors
what is the lifetime risk of lung canc…
what is the number 2 cause of lung can…
your lung cancer risk is much much hig…
-gender... -smoking... -older age... -airflow obstruction... -genetic pre…
20%
radon... -ionizing radiation and asbestos... -uranium miner
an asbestos worker
lung cancer risk factors
-gender... -smoking... -older age... -airflow obstruction... -genetic pre…
what is the lifetime risk of lung canc…
20%
54 terms
Lung Cancer
lung cancer risk factors
what is the lifetime risk of lung canc…
what is the number 2 cause of lung can…
your lung cancer risk is much much hig…
-gender... -smoking... -older age... -airflow obstruction... -genetic pre…
20%
radon... -ionizing radiation and asbestos... -uranium miner
an asbestos worker
lung cancer risk factors
-gender... -smoking... -older age... -airflow obstruction... -genetic pre…
what is the lifetime risk of lung canc…
20%
81 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer
Lung tumors that arise from metastases…
The lung is the most common site of me…
Although there are multiple types of l…
*Number one cause of cancer mortality in the world... *Incidence…
T
T... (According to Robbin)
Small Cell and Non Small Cell
Lung Cancer
*Number one cause of cancer mortality in the world... *Incidence…
Lung tumors that arise from metastases…
T
78 terms
LUNG CANCER
leading cancer diagnoses
leading cancer deaths
true or false: more Americans die each…
true or false: lung cancer is one of t…
1 prostate (men); breast (women)... 2 lung (both)... 3 colorectal (…
1 lung (both)... 2 prostate (men); breast (women)... 3 colorectal (…
TRUE... and ~50% more women will die of lung cancer than breast…
TRUE... 90% of cases are attributed to smoking and USPSTF recomm…
leading cancer diagnoses
1 prostate (men); breast (women)... 2 lung (both)... 3 colorectal (…
leading cancer deaths
1 lung (both)... 2 prostate (men); breast (women)... 3 colorectal (…
Lung Cancer
Adenocarcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Large Cell (endocrine) Carcinoma
In situ Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma... (prev…
-Grows along and lines alveoli... -Appears like pneumonia on CXR
Adenocarcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
52 terms
Lung Cancer
How common is lung cancer?
Is lung cancer more common in men or w…
The incidence of LC peaks between what…
What % of patients with LC die within…
2md most common cancer in the UK, most common worldwide... 14% o…
Men
75-85
80%
How common is lung cancer?
2md most common cancer in the UK, most common worldwide... 14% o…
Is lung cancer more common in men or w…
Men
28 terms
Lung Cancer
How is lung function most commonly det…
Lobar Anatomy
Lobar anatomy on the CXR
Mediastinal lymph nodes
PFT... DLCO
N1 Nodes: Double Digit... ... N2 Nodes: Single Digit
How is lung function most commonly det…
PFT... DLCO
Lobar Anatomy
25 terms
Lung Cancer
NSCLC
NSCLC treatment: surgery
Radiation
NSCLC Adjuvant chemotherapy
-slower growth than SCLC... -moderately sensitive to radiation... -…
treatment of choice for resectable cancers... For patients with…
-Treatment of choice with chemotherapy for unresectable tumor…
used in stage II, III ... cisplatin based therapy (standard for…
NSCLC
-slower growth than SCLC... -moderately sensitive to radiation... -…
NSCLC treatment: surgery
treatment of choice for resectable cancers... For patients with…
lung cancer
Which lung cancer has the worst progno…
lung cancers mainly caused by smoking
Lung cancer NOT caused by smoking
warning signs of lung cancer
Small Cell Carcinoma; mainly seen in smokers, can't have surg…
small cell carcinoma, NSCLS: Squamous cell, NSCLS large cell/…
NSCLS: Adenocarcinoma
-persistent cough... -hemoptysis (coughing up blood)... - bloody sp…
Which lung cancer has the worst progno…
Small Cell Carcinoma; mainly seen in smokers, can't have surg…
lung cancers mainly caused by smoking
small cell carcinoma, NSCLS: Squamous cell, NSCLS large cell/…
28 terms
Lung Cancer
SIADH
What stage would bone metastasis occur?
Lung cancer staging I and II
Lung cancer staging III
Stage IV - no cure. Chemotherapy and palliative care. ... Try t…
I solitary nodule no lymph nodes found in the lung.... II hilar…
III a - tymor has spread to the lymph nodes in the tracheal a…
SIADH
What stage would bone metastasis occur?
Stage IV - no cure. Chemotherapy and palliative care. ... Try t…
Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer death rank
Lung Cancer s/s
Lung Cancer risk factors
Lung Cancer screening
#1 in cancer related deaths
late-stage disease when pts become symptomatic ... fatigue, ano…
smokers 55-75 with at least 30 pack year
CT scan but high false positives, patient axiety, radiation e…
Lung Cancer death rank
#1 in cancer related deaths
Lung Cancer s/s
late-stage disease when pts become symptomatic ... fatigue, ano…
57 terms
Lung Cancer
(SCLC/NSCLC) is more common and includ…
the #1 cause of lung cancer, leading t…
which is NOT a risk factor for lung ca…
T/F mean age of diagnosis of lung canc…
NSCLC (non small cell, vs small cell which account for less t…
smoking (includes passive smokers and secondhand smoke)
d (not alcohol)
true
(SCLC/NSCLC) is more common and includ…
NSCLC (non small cell, vs small cell which account for less t…
the #1 cause of lung cancer, leading t…
smoking (includes passive smokers and secondhand smoke)
Lung Cancer
Two major types of lung cancer
Risk Factors
Asbestos Exposure
Radon Exposure
1. Non-small cell lung cancer (87%)... 2. Small cell lung cancer…
1. SMOKING... 2. Second-hand smoke... 3. Exposure to radon, asbesto…
Increased risk for Lung cancer... - Mesothelioma... - Asbestosis
Leading cause of lung cancer among non-smokers... - Invisible ga…
Two major types of lung cancer
1. Non-small cell lung cancer (87%)... 2. Small cell lung cancer…
Risk Factors
1. SMOKING... 2. Second-hand smoke... 3. Exposure to radon, asbesto…
Lung Cancer
Adenocarcinoma in situ
Squamous Cell
What increases risk of lung cancer
By how much does LDCT reduce lung canc…
-solid nodule... -not invasive, grows over lining of lung... -lipit…
-proximal airways... -form keratin pearls and intercellular brid…
HIV, pulm fibrosis, enviornmental toxins, and radiation therapy
20% screen 340 ppl to save 1
Adenocarcinoma in situ
-solid nodule... -not invasive, grows over lining of lung... -lipit…
Squamous Cell
-proximal airways... -form keratin pearls and intercellular brid…
52 terms
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer
lung cancer
NSCLC
SCLC
leading cause of cancer related death... Is preventable ... 5 yr su…
Median age of diagnosis is 71 yrs ... 45-85 yo (if younger or ol…
Adenocarcinoma (38.5%)... Squamous cell carcinoma (20%)... Large ce…
60% at stage 4 when diagnosed
Lung cancer
leading cause of cancer related death... Is preventable ... 5 yr su…
lung cancer
Median age of diagnosis is 71 yrs ... 45-85 yo (if younger or ol…
135 terms
Lung Cancer
Who is at higher risk for lung cancer,…
Who is at higher risk for lung cancer,…
What risk factor causes > 90% of lung…
Diseases associated with increased ris…
AAM
Caucasian females
Smoking
1.COPD... 2. Pulmonary fibrosis... 3. Sarcoidosis... 4. HIV
Who is at higher risk for lung cancer,…
AAM
Who is at higher risk for lung cancer,…
Caucasian females
Lung Cancer
Persistent cough/chronic cough
Low dose heliac CT scan for persons 55…
Majority are adenocarcinomas, found in…
Early
Which clinical finding is most associated with lung cancer sy…
The current screening guidelines for lung cancer in primary c…
Which of the following is a correct statement about lung canc…
Lung cancer is curable when caught in the ........ stages?
Persistent cough/chronic cough
Which clinical finding is most associated with lung cancer sy…
Low dose heliac CT scan for persons 55…
The current screening guidelines for lung cancer in primary c…
24 terms
Lung Cancer
The nurse is taking the social history…
The nurse writes a problem of 'impaire…
The nurse is discussing cancer statist…
The client diagnosed with lung cancer…
D... Smoking is greatest risk for LC.
A. Correct. Resp. distress is common.... B. Correct. Fatigue occ…
B... LC is the number 1 cause of cancer deaths in both men and w…
A... This is a terminal situation. End of life decisions must be…
The nurse is taking the social history…
D... Smoking is greatest risk for LC.
The nurse writes a problem of 'impaire…
A. Correct. Resp. distress is common.... B. Correct. Fatigue occ…
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