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Study sets matching "mader biology"

56 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
71 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
58 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
80 terms
Mader Biology 11ed. Chp 12
complementary base pairing
Purine Bases
2 nucleotides w/ pyrimidine bases
Nucleotides
Hydrogen bonding between particular pyrimidines and purines .…
Adenine & Guanine
Thymine & Cytosine
smallest unit of DNA contains sugar/phosphate and one of 4 ba…
complementary base pairing
Hydrogen bonding between particular pyrimidines and purines .…
Purine Bases
Adenine & Guanine
43 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
antiporters
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
two or more different molecules or ions going opposite direct…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
uniporters
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
44 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
crenation
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
crenation
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
39 terms
Mader Biology Ch 17
adaption
catastrophism
evolution
fitness
organism's modification in structure, function, or behavior s…
belief expoused by Georges Cuvier that periods of catastrophi…
change over time
ability of a organism to reproduce and pass its genes to the…
adaption
organism's modification in structure, function, or behavior s…
catastrophism
belief expoused by Georges Cuvier that periods of catastrophi…
23 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 7
stroma
absorption spectrum
visible light
grana (sing., granum)
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
Portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to th…
Stack of chlorophyll-containing thylakoids in a chloroplast.
stroma
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
absorption spectrum
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
32 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
active transport
carrier protein
cell recognition protein
cell wall
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
Glycoprotein that helps the body defend itself against pathog…
Structure that surrounds a plant, protistan, fungal, or bacte…
active transport
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
carrier protein
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
71 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
39 terms
mader biology chapter 4 ..1..
Cell Theory
Cell Growth
Prokaryotic Cells
Domains of prokaryotic cells
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
volume increases faster than surface area
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
bacteria, archea
Cell Theory
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
Cell Growth
volume increases faster than surface area
8 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 7
Stomata
Stroma
Where in plants is energy absorbed for…
Cartenoid
Opening through which carbon dioxide enters a leaf
fuidic interior of a chloroplast. Enzyme-rich solution where…
In the chlorophyll and other pigments within the thylakoids.
An accessory photosynthetic pigment of plants and algae that…
Stomata
Opening through which carbon dioxide enters a leaf
Stroma
fuidic interior of a chloroplast. Enzyme-rich solution where…
44 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
crenation
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
crenation
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
16 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 20
Multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotroph…
is a tongue like structure that bears…
Characteristics success of arthropods…
Regions of insect body in order top to…
animals
radula
-jointed appendages... - exoskeleton... - segmentation... -well develo…
head... thorax... abdomen
Multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotroph…
animals
is a tongue like structure that bears…
radula
74 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 9
Cell division in unicellular organisms…
Which best describes prokaryotes? ... A)…
Chromosomes are composed of _____. ... A…
Prokaryotes primarily reproduce _____.…
B
A
C
A
Cell division in unicellular organisms…
B
Which best describes prokaryotes? ... A)…
A
27 terms
Biology Mader chapter 3
Organelle
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
A region/ discreet until within the cell responsible for a pa…
Stores the DNA which controls cellular metabolism and protein…
Synthesis of ribosomal subunits
Small organelle where protein synthesis occurs. Consists of a…
Organelle
A region/ discreet until within the cell responsible for a pa…
Nucleus
Stores the DNA which controls cellular metabolism and protein…
39 terms
mader biology chapter 4
Cell Theory
Cell Growth
Prokaryotic Cells
Domains of prokaryotic cells
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
volume increases faster than surface area
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
bacteria, archea
Cell Theory
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
Cell Growth
volume increases faster than surface area
66 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
apoptosis
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Programmed cell death
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
apoptosis
Programmed cell death
31 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
carrier protein
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
active transport
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
adhesion junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
33 terms
Mader Biology Chapter
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
exergonic reaction
the consumption of oxygen and production of carbon dioxide by…
the requirement of oxygen in cell processes
cell process not requiring the utilization of oxygen
cell process that releases energy
cellular respiration
the consumption of oxygen and production of carbon dioxide by…
aerobic
the requirement of oxygen in cell processes
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
15 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 8
cellular respiration
structure of the mitochondria
final electron acceptor of cellular re…
glycolytic pathway
process by which cells acquire energy by breaking down nutrie…
double membrane with an intermediate space inbetween
oxygen
pathway of glyocolysis
cellular respiration
process by which cells acquire energy by breaking down nutrie…
structure of the mitochondria
double membrane with an intermediate space inbetween
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
22 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
Energy
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy
The second law of thermodynamics
The ability to do work or bring about change
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
The first law of thermodynamics
Energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
51 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 45 Terms
Acid deposition
Autotroph
Biogeochemical cycle
Biomass
caused by sulfuric and nitric acids resulting in lowered pH o…
An organism that makes its own food
process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other form…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Acid deposition
caused by sulfuric and nitric acids resulting in lowered pH o…
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
39 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 47 Terms
Biodiversity
Endangered species
Threatened species
Genetic diversity
Variety of life on Earth.
Species in peril of immediate extinction throughout its range.
Species likely to become endangered in the forseeable future.
Diversity of genes within a population.
Biodiversity
Variety of life on Earth.
Endangered species
Species in peril of immediate extinction throughout its range.
35 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 46 Terms
Alpine Tundra
Arctic Tundra
Biome
Bog
a biome at high mountain altitudes which has vegetation and c…
Biome with long, harsh winters with freezing temperatures, sn…
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms.
Wet spongy ground; a poorly drained usually acid area rich in…
Alpine Tundra
a biome at high mountain altitudes which has vegetation and c…
Arctic Tundra
Biome with long, harsh winters with freezing temperatures, sn…
21 terms
Mader Biology ch. 8
Equation for Cellular Respiration
NAD+
FAD
Anaerobic
glucose + 6O2---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction; redox coenzyme; accepts 2 el…
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction;l accepts 2 electrons and 2 h…
not require oxygen
Equation for Cellular Respiration
glucose + 6O2---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
NAD+
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction; redox coenzyme; accepts 2 el…
31 terms
Mader Biology Lab Manual
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
houses the cell's genetic information and gives instructions…
produces subunits of ribosomes
Prokaryotic Cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
15 terms
Mader Biology ch. 7
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Stomata
Solar energy into chemical energy if a carbohydrate
Photosynthetic organisms
Consumers
Small opening in leaves where carbon dioxide enters
Photosynthesis
Solar energy into chemical energy if a carbohydrate
Autotrophs
Photosynthetic organisms
41 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 6
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
ability to do work
energy of motion
stored energy
form of potential energy; eventually converted into mechanica…
Energy
ability to do work
Kinetic energy
energy of motion
47 terms
Mader Biology ch. 9
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 stage
S stage
orderly set of stages occurring that takes place between the…
most of cell cycle; preforms usual functions
cell recovers from previous division
DNA synthesis or replication occurs
Cell cycle
orderly set of stages occurring that takes place between the…
Interphase
most of cell cycle; preforms usual functions
14 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 16
Founder effect
Gene flow
Gene pool
Genetic drift
the events that occur when a small population or organisms ar…
when organisms move into or out of a population
the alleles of all genes in a population
when genes fall out of a population for no reason , such as a…
Founder effect
the events that occur when a small population or organisms ar…
Gene flow
when organisms move into or out of a population
36 terms
Mader biology ch. 10
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
nuclear division that reduces chromosome number from diploid…
total number of chromosomes in 2 sets
number of chromosomes is half the diploid number; single set…
reproductive cells that have a haploid number of chromosomes
Meiosis
nuclear division that reduces chromosome number from diploid…
Diploid
total number of chromosomes in 2 sets
107 terms
Biology 108 / Mader
Cardiovascular System
Functions of Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Artery
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
Assists collecting excess tissue fluid to return to CvS. Also…
transports blood away from heart
Cardiovascular System
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
Functions of Cardiovascular System
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
32 terms
Mader Biology ch. 14
Cloning
Gene cloning
Gene therapy
Transgenic organisms
production of genetically identical copies of DNA , cells or…
many identical copies of the same gene
when cloned genes are used to modify a human
any organism where there is genetic information identical to…
Cloning
production of genetically identical copies of DNA , cells or…
Gene cloning
many identical copies of the same gene
16 terms
Mitosis Biology Mader 9
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
mitosis: prophase
the regular sequence of growth and division of cells
the stage of the cell cycle where the nucleus divides
the stage of the cell cycle where the cell PREPARES to divide
the chromatin condenses to form chromosomes, nuclear envelope…
cell cycle
the regular sequence of growth and division of cells
mitosis
the stage of the cell cycle where the nucleus divides
55 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 11
wild type
monohybrid cross
incomplete dominance
autosome
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
inheritance pattern in which the offspring has an intermediat…
any chromosome other than the sex-determining pair
wild type
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
monohybrid cross
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
54 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 3
What are the purine bases?
What are the pyrimidine bases in DNA?
What are the pyrimidine bases in RNA?
What are the complimentary base pairs?
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and Thymine
Cytosine and Uracil
T&A -- C&G
What are the purine bases?
Adenine and Guanine
What are the pyrimidine bases in DNA?
Cytosine and Thymine
27 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 13
Structural genes
Operon
Regulator gene
Promoter
code for enzymes and proteins involved in a metabolic pathway…
explain gene regulation in prokaryotes; 4 parts: regulator ge…
codes for DNA-binding protein acting as a repressor
signals start of the operon and the location where transcript…
Structural genes
code for enzymes and proteins involved in a metabolic pathway…
Operon
explain gene regulation in prokaryotes; 4 parts: regulator ge…
39 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 12
Double Helix
Complementary Base Pairing
Template
Semiconservative replication
ladder shape of DNA; sugar-phosphate backbones on outside wit…
a purine is always bound to a pyrimidine; A=T C=G
a mold used to produce a shape complementary to itself
produce two copies containing one of the original strands and…
Double Helix
ladder shape of DNA; sugar-phosphate backbones on outside wit…
Complementary Base Pairing
a purine is always bound to a pyrimidine; A=T C=G
27 terms
Mader biology ch. 11
Monohybrid cross
Locus
Dominant allele
Recessive allele
Cross if a single trait with organisms that are hybrid
Genes occurring on a homologous chromosome at a particular lo…
mask expression of recessive allele; codes for protein associ…
represents loss of function; codes for protein that has alter…
Monohybrid cross
Cross if a single trait with organisms that are hybrid
Locus
Genes occurring on a homologous chromosome at a particular lo…
23 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 11
Monohybrid Cross
Locus
Alleles
Dominant Allele
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same locus on homolo…
Allele that exerts it's phenotypic effect in the heterozygote…
Monohybrid Cross
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
Locus
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
55 terms
Mader Biology Ch. 11
wild type
monohybrid cross
incomplete dominance
autosome
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
inheritance pattern in which the offspring has an intermediat…
any chromosome other than the sex-determining pair
wild type
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
monohybrid cross
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
42 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
carrier protein
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
active transport
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
adhesion junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
71 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
71 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
23 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 7.. cw
stroma
absorption spectrum
visible light
grana (sing., granum)
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
Portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to th…
Stack of chlorophyll-containing thylakoids in a chloroplast.
stroma
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
absorption spectrum
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
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