Study sets matching "mader biology"

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Study sets matching "mader biology"

56 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
71 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
58 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
23 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 7
stroma
absorption spectrum
visible light
grana (sing., granum)
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
Portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to th…
Stack of chlorophyll-containing thylakoids in a chloroplast.
stroma
Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involved in…
absorption spectrum
Pattern of absorption when pigments take up various wave leng…
Biology (Mader) Chapter 1
Characteristic of life: Living things…
Characteristic of life: Living things…
Characteristic of life: Living Things…
Characteristic of life: Living Things…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, popu…
maintaining life requires energy; food provides the nutrients
movements of plant or animal to help it survive
ability of an organism to make a copy of itself and develops…
Characteristic of life: Living things…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, popu…
Characteristic of life: Living things…
maintaining life requires energy; food provides the nutrients
44 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
crenation
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
crenation
contraction of a cell after exposure to a hypertonic solution…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
43 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
antiporters
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
two or more different molecules or ions going opposite direct…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
uniporters
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
Chapter 3 biology Mader
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Mader Biology Chapter 4
apoptosis
bacillus
capsule
cell
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria,
A form of glycocalyx that consists of a gelatinous layer; fou…
The smallest unit of life that displays all the properties of…
apoptosis
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
bacillus
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria,
39 terms
Mader Biology Ch 17
adaption
catastrophism
evolution
fitness
organism's modification in structure, function, or behavior s…
belief expoused by Georges Cuvier that periods of catastrophi…
change over time
ability of a organism to reproduce and pass its genes to the…
adaption
organism's modification in structure, function, or behavior s…
catastrophism
belief expoused by Georges Cuvier that periods of catastrophi…
Mader Biology Chapter 4
actin filament
archaean
bacillus
basal body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria, Bacillus.
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of—and ma…
actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea.
80 terms
Mader Biology 11ed. Chp 12
complementary base pairing
Purine Bases
2 nucleotides w/ pyrimidine bases
Nucleotides
Hydrogen bonding between particular pyrimidines and purines .…
Adenine & Guanine
Thymine & Cytosine
smallest unit of DNA contains sugar/phosphate and one of 4 ba…
complementary base pairing
Hydrogen bonding between particular pyrimidines and purines .…
Purine Bases
Adenine & Guanine
Mader Biology Chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal features
Biodiversity
Biology
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
branch of science concerned with study of life/living organis…
Adaptation
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Animal features
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Mader Biology Chapter 20
Multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotroph…
is a tongue like structure that bears…
Characteristics success of arthropods…
Regions of insect body in order top to…
animals
radula
-jointed appendages... - exoskeleton... - segmentation... -well develo…
head... thorax... abdomen
Multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotroph…
animals
is a tongue like structure that bears…
radula
Mader Biology Chapter 5
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
carrier protein
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
active transport
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
adhesion junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
27 terms
Biology Mader chapter 3
Organelle
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
A region/ discreet until within the cell responsible for a pa…
Stores the DNA which controls cellular metabolism and protein…
Synthesis of ribosomal subunits
Small organelle where protein synthesis occurs. Consists of a…
Organelle
A region/ discreet until within the cell responsible for a pa…
Nucleus
Stores the DNA which controls cellular metabolism and protein…
Mader Biology Chapter 9
Cell division in unicellular organisms…
Which best describes prokaryotes? ... A)…
Chromosomes are composed of _____. ... A…
Prokaryotes primarily reproduce _____.…
B
A
C
A
Cell division in unicellular organisms…
B
Which best describes prokaryotes? ... A)…
A
Mader Biology Chapter 11
Monohybrid Cross
Locus
Alleles
Dominant Allele
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same locus on homolo…
Allele that exerts it's phenotypic effect in the heterozygote…
Monohybrid Cross
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
Locus
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
39 terms
mader biology chapter 4 ..1..
Cell Theory
Cell Growth
Prokaryotic Cells
Domains of prokaryotic cells
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
volume increases faster than surface area
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
bacteria, archea
Cell Theory
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
Cell Growth
volume increases faster than surface area
39 terms
mader biology chapter 4
Cell Theory
Cell Growth
Prokaryotic Cells
Domains of prokaryotic cells
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
volume increases faster than surface area
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
bacteria, archea
Cell Theory
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
Cell Growth
volume increases faster than surface area
mader biology chapter 4
Cell Theory
Cell Growth
Prokaryotic Cells
Domains of prokaryotic cells
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
volume increases faster than surface area
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
bacteria, archea
Cell Theory
Living Organisms composed of cells, Cells are the smallest un…
Cell Growth
volume increases faster than surface area
33 terms
Mader Biology Chapter
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
exergonic reaction
the consumption of oxygen and production of carbon dioxide by…
the requirement of oxygen in cell processes
cell process not requiring the utilization of oxygen
cell process that releases energy
cellular respiration
the consumption of oxygen and production of carbon dioxide by…
aerobic
the requirement of oxygen in cell processes
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
15 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 8
cellular respiration
structure of the mitochondria
final electron acceptor of cellular re…
glycolytic pathway
process by which cells acquire energy by breaking down nutrie…
double membrane with an intermediate space inbetween
oxygen
pathway of glyocolysis
cellular respiration
process by which cells acquire energy by breaking down nutrie…
structure of the mitochondria
double membrane with an intermediate space inbetween
22 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
Energy
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy
The second law of thermodynamics
The ability to do work or bring about change
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
The first law of thermodynamics
Energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
Mader Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
carrier protein
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
channel protein through which water can diffuse across a memb…
Protein that combines with and transports a molecule or ion a…
active transport
Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule o…
adhesion junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
Mader Biology ch. 8
Equation for Cellular Respiration
NAD+
FAD
Anaerobic
glucose + 6O2---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction; redox coenzyme; accepts 2 el…
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction;l accepts 2 electrons and 2 h…
not require oxygen
Equation for Cellular Respiration
glucose + 6O2---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
NAD+
coenzyme of oxidation-reduction; redox coenzyme; accepts 2 el…
31 terms
Mader Biology Lab Manual
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
houses the cell's genetic information and gives instructions…
produces subunits of ribosomes
Prokaryotic Cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
26 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 10 Vocab
allele
alternation of generations
bivalent
crossing-over
Alternative form of a gene--alleles occur at the same locus o…
|Life cycle, typical of plants, in which a diploid sporophyte…
Homologous chromosomes, each having sister chromatids that ar…
|Exchange of segments between nonsister chromatids of a bival…
allele
Alternative form of a gene--alleles occur at the same locus o…
alternation of generations
|Life cycle, typical of plants, in which a diploid sporophyte…
54 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 3
What are the purine bases?
What are the pyrimidine bases in DNA?
What are the pyrimidine bases in RNA?
What are the complimentary base pairs?
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and Thymine
Cytosine and Uracil
T&A -- C&G
What are the purine bases?
Adenine and Guanine
What are the pyrimidine bases in DNA?
Cytosine and Thymine
45 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 9 definitions
anaphase
angiogenesis
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
formation of new blood vessels
Programmed cell death
one parent, no gamates
anaphase
Daughter chromosomes are formed when sister chromatids are pu…
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels
8 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 7
Stomata
Stroma
Where in plants is energy absorbed for…
Cartenoid
Opening through which carbon dioxide enters a leaf
fuidic interior of a chloroplast. Enzyme-rich solution where…
In the chlorophyll and other pigments within the thylakoids.
An accessory photosynthetic pigment of plants and algae that…
Stomata
Opening through which carbon dioxide enters a leaf
Stroma
fuidic interior of a chloroplast. Enzyme-rich solution where…
51 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 45 Terms
Acid deposition
Autotroph
Biogeochemical cycle
Biomass
caused by sulfuric and nitric acids resulting in lowered pH o…
An organism that makes its own food
process in which elements, chemical compounds, and other form…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Acid deposition
caused by sulfuric and nitric acids resulting in lowered pH o…
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
Biology (Mader) Chapter 2 Vocab
Acid
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
Average of atom mass units for all the isotopes of an atom.
Number of protons within the nucleus of an atom.
Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
39 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 47 Terms
Biodiversity
Endangered species
Threatened species
Genetic diversity
Variety of life on Earth.
Species in peril of immediate extinction throughout its range.
Species likely to become endangered in the forseeable future.
Diversity of genes within a population.
Biodiversity
Variety of life on Earth.
Endangered species
Species in peril of immediate extinction throughout its range.
Mader Biology Ch. 13
Structural genes
Operon
Regulator gene
Promoter
code for enzymes and proteins involved in a metabolic pathway…
explain gene regulation in prokaryotes; 4 parts: regulator ge…
codes for DNA-binding protein acting as a repressor
signals start of the operon and the location where transcript…
Structural genes
code for enzymes and proteins involved in a metabolic pathway…
Operon
explain gene regulation in prokaryotes; 4 parts: regulator ge…
Mader Biology ch. 38
Sensory receptors
Sensory transduction
Chemoreceptors
Electromagnetic receptors
Specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal or…
conversion of a stimulus into a nerve impulse
respond to range of chemical substances
respond to light or heat energy
Sensory receptors
Specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal or…
Sensory transduction
conversion of a stimulus into a nerve impulse
Mader Biology Ch. 12
Double Helix
Complementary Base Pairing
Template
Semiconservative replication
ladder shape of DNA; sugar-phosphate backbones on outside wit…
a purine is always bound to a pyrimidine; A=T C=G
a mold used to produce a shape complementary to itself
produce two copies containing one of the original strands and…
Double Helix
ladder shape of DNA; sugar-phosphate backbones on outside wit…
Complementary Base Pairing
a purine is always bound to a pyrimidine; A=T C=G
Mader Biology ch. 14
Cloning
Gene cloning
Gene therapy
Transgenic organisms
production of genetically identical copies of DNA , cells or…
many identical copies of the same gene
when cloned genes are used to modify a human
any organism where there is genetic information identical to…
Cloning
production of genetically identical copies of DNA , cells or…
Gene cloning
many identical copies of the same gene
Mader biology ch. 11
Monohybrid cross
Locus
Dominant allele
Recessive allele
Cross if a single trait with organisms that are hybrid
Genes occurring on a homologous chromosome at a particular lo…
mask expression of recessive allele; codes for protein associ…
represents loss of function; codes for protein that has alter…
Monohybrid cross
Cross if a single trait with organisms that are hybrid
Locus
Genes occurring on a homologous chromosome at a particular lo…
16 terms
Mitosis Biology Mader 9
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
mitosis: prophase
the regular sequence of growth and division of cells
the stage of the cell cycle where the nucleus divides
the stage of the cell cycle where the cell PREPARES to divide
the chromatin condenses to form chromosomes, nuclear envelope…
cell cycle
the regular sequence of growth and division of cells
mitosis
the stage of the cell cycle where the nucleus divides
Mader Biology Ch. 11
wild type
monohybrid cross
incomplete dominance
autosome
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
inheritance pattern in which the offspring has an intermediat…
any chromosome other than the sex-determining pair
wild type
an individual with the normal (most common) phenotype
monohybrid cross
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
43 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 5 Membrane Structure and Function
carrier protein
uniporters
symporters
antiporters
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
molecule and ion both go in the same direction; ion going wit…
two or more different molecules or ions going opposite direct…
carrier protein
involved in active transport of molecules across the bilayer…
uniporters
moves one molecule at a time with its concentration gradient
107 terms
Biology 108 / Mader
Cardiovascular System
Functions of Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Artery
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
Assists collecting excess tissue fluid to return to CvS. Also…
transports blood away from heart
Cardiovascular System
- Consists of the heart, pumps blood. ... - The blood vessels, b…
Functions of Cardiovascular System
- Contractions of heart generate blood pressure, moves blood…
Mader Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
organic molecules
functional group
the chemistry of organisms
the chemistry of the nonliving world
contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
specific combination of bonded atoms that always react the sa…
organic chemistry
the chemistry of organisms
inorganic chemistry
the chemistry of the nonliving world
Mader Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
matter
element
atom
atomic symbold
anything that takes up space and mass
all matter, both living and nonliving, are composed of elemen…
smallest part of an element
one or two letters that stands for the name (of the element)
matter
anything that takes up space and mass
element
all matter, both living and nonliving, are composed of elemen…
Mader Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
actin filament
apoptosis
bacillus
basal body
structures in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and form part…
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria,
an organelle that forms the base of a flagellum or cilium.
actin filament
structures in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and form part…
apoptosis
the death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled par…
31 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
23 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 11 Vocab
allele
autosome
carrier
codominance
Alternative form of a gene--alleles occur at the same locus o…
Any chromosome other than the sex-determining pair.
Heterozygous individual who has no apparent abnormality but c…
Inheritance pattern in which both alleles of a gene are equal…
allele
Alternative form of a gene--alleles occur at the same locus o…
autosome
Any chromosome other than the sex-determining pair.
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