Study sets matching "magic witchcraft sorcery"

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Study sets matching "magic witchcraft sorcery"

22 terms
ANTHRO T2 Religion, Magic, Witchcraft, sorcery
Holistic
Religion
Religion approach
Spirituality approach
sociology, psychological, historical, semantic, evolutionary,…
an institution consisting of culturally postulated superhuman…
organized, ideas, practices, interpret and or influence
sacred, individual rather than collective, no distinctive for…
Holistic
sociology, psychological, historical, semantic, evolutionary,…
Religion
an institution consisting of culturally postulated superhuman…
12 terms
Sorcery and witchcraft
Orthodoxy
Heteroxody
Mid evil Europe
1450-1750
Proper practice and doctrine
Heresy, doctrine contrary to orthodox doctrine.
400-1400 heresies often conflate with witchcraft
Renaissance period often had witch hunts
Orthodoxy
Proper practice and doctrine
Heteroxody
Heresy, doctrine contrary to orthodox doctrine.
Chapter 7: SOrcery and Witchcraft
sorcery
witchcraft
Witches are commonly female, but males…
Witches who disobey the fundamental gu…
Though not universally defined, most people define sorcery as…
is an ancient, female-centered, nature-based magical practice…
witches
fallen witches, often called warlocks
sorcery
Though not universally defined, most people define sorcery as…
witchcraft
is an ancient, female-centered, nature-based magical practice…
Witchcraft & Sorcery/Religion
religion
magic
imitative magic
contagious magic
set of beliefs in supernatural beings and forces directed at…
manipulation of supernatural forces to intervene in human act…
based on principle "what you do is what you get"... ex: voodoo
object in contact with someone can retain a magical connectio…
religion
set of beliefs in supernatural beings and forces directed at…
magic
manipulation of supernatural forces to intervene in human act…
147 terms
Witchcraft and Magic
These are the remains of the temple of…
Cicero
Apuleius
Lucian
The chamber of the oracle
On Divination
The Golden Ass (Metamorphoses)
The Lover of Lies
These are the remains of the temple of…
The chamber of the oracle
Cicero
On Divination
36 terms
Magic and Witchcraft
Author and date of Canon Episcopi
Approach of Canon Episcopi
The Game of Diana
Sermon 35 by Bernardino of Siena
Regino of Prum, 10th Century
Very skeptical; elements of witchcraft, such as night flight,…
Parade of women and spirits led by pagan goddess Diana
15th Century; saw witchcraft as a sin of pride; used example…
Author and date of Canon Episcopi
Regino of Prum, 10th Century
Approach of Canon Episcopi
Very skeptical; elements of witchcraft, such as night flight,…
Magic and Witchcraft
Taylor
Frazer
Durkheim
Evans Pritchard
Magic is pseudoscience,
Evolutionary perspective, sympathetic magic, magic is a basta…
Sociological, religion is about community and magic is about…
Functionalism, served psychological purpose to explain what c…
Taylor
Magic is pseudoscience,
Frazer
Evolutionary perspective, sympathetic magic, magic is a basta…
42 terms
Magic and witchcraft
Asceticism
Dehevada
Embyronic Doubt
Norms
The strict self denial of all gods, especially in Hinduism
identifying oneself with the body
in non literate societies, doubts aren't embodied in a separa…
implicit ideas about the right way to do things, taken for gr…
Asceticism
The strict self denial of all gods, especially in Hinduism
Dehevada
identifying oneself with the body
10 terms
Religion, Witchcraft, Magic
Types of Religion
Animism
Polytheism
rite of passage
Animis... Polytheism ... Monotheism
Belief that human and non-human entities have souls or spirit…
The belief in the existence of many gods.
a ritual that moves an individual from one social status to a…
Types of Religion
Animis... Polytheism ... Monotheism
Animism
Belief that human and non-human entities have souls or spirit…
magic and witchcraft
Aim of magic
Only skilled individuals
Reilgion
Is science magic?
To produce a predictable outcome for a short period of time.…
Can practise magic
Spiritual belief related to
Yes, this is because it has a predictable outcome over a shor…
Aim of magic
To produce a predictable outcome for a short period of time.…
Only skilled individuals
Can practise magic
Magic and Witchcraft
Etienne de Bourbon was
What creature does the dog Guinefort k…
According to Etienne de Bourbon, where…
William of Newburgh tells the story of…
a Dominican
Snake
The Village
Cup
Etienne de Bourbon was
a Dominican
What creature does the dog Guinefort k…
Snake
Magic, Witchcraft & Religion
prophet
shaman
society
religion
has a "personal call" to faith; founded on revelations and pe…
a religious specialist and healer with power derived directly…
a group of people sharing a territory, language, and culture;…
an organized system of ideas about spiritual reality or the s…
prophet
has a "personal call" to faith; founded on revelations and pe…
shaman
a religious specialist and healer with power derived directly…
Religion, magic and witchcraft
Magic
Religion
3 social and 2 psychological benefits…
Animalism
Directed towards resolving specific problems - it is individu…
Deals with metaphysical issues of human existence - it is a f…
Social:... 1) group solidarity (group identity)... 2) social contro…
The worship of souls (e.g. ghosts) and non-human spirits (e.g…
Magic
Directed towards resolving specific problems - it is individu…
Religion
Deals with metaphysical issues of human existence - it is a f…
20 terms
Lecture 8 Magic and Witchcraft
Magic
Modern Anthropological Perspective
Why is magical thinking so prevalent?
Rule of Magic
Any attempt to manipulate, control, or influence a supernatur…
Magic and witchcraft are a religion just like an institutiona…
Addresses social/cognitive uncertainties, about such things a…
Magic depends on association or agreement between different t…
Magic
Any attempt to manipulate, control, or influence a supernatur…
Modern Anthropological Perspective
Magic and witchcraft are a religion just like an institutiona…
Exam 2 magic n sorcery
Magician
Shaman
Magic
Law of similarity
Practitioner of magic not a specialist
Having access to Make contact w spirit world through prayer o…
Activities/rituals which people can compel the supernatural t…
Grouping of similar aspects->homeopathic
Magician
Practitioner of magic not a specialist
Shaman
Having access to Make contact w spirit world through prayer o…
22 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Chapter 3
Symbol
Displacement
Arbitrary
Openness
Shared understanding of meaning of a certain word, attribute,…
Ability to use symbols to refer to things and activities that…
A feature of symbols, in which the symbol is not related to t…
A feature of symbols; the ability to create new symbols.
Symbol
Shared understanding of meaning of a certain word, attribute,…
Displacement
Ability to use symbols to refer to things and activities that…
12 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Chapter 2
Worldview
Folktale
Legend
Urban legend
The way in which society perceives and interprets its reality
A traditional story that is part of the tradition of a societ…
A traditional story about past events that is considered to b…
Contemporary story about people and events that have never oc…
Worldview
The way in which society perceives and interprets its reality
Folktale
A traditional story that is part of the tradition of a societ…
41 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Chapter 1
Horiculture
Pastoral nomads
Human Universal
Ethnographer
Cultivation in which hand tools are powered by human muscles:…
Herding domesticated animals
Characteristics that are found in all human societies
A person who produces ethnography
Horiculture
Cultivation in which hand tools are powered by human muscles:…
Pastoral nomads
Herding domesticated animals
Anthropology Religion, Magic and Witchcraft
Acculturation
Achieved Status
Acrostic
Aerophone
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
A status that one has because of a factor other than automati…
A word that is derived from the first letter of a series of w…
A musical instrument in which air is blown across or into som…
Acculturation
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
Achieved Status
A status that one has because of a factor other than automati…
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion - Exam 1
Religion
Myth
Symbol
Suggestibility
A system of symbols that established powerfel and pervasive m…
A sacred narratve believed to be true by the people who tell…
An object, gesture, word, or another representation to which…
Input that causes a thought which causes emotion which causes…
Religion
A system of symbols that established powerfel and pervasive m…
Myth
A sacred narratve believed to be true by the people who tell…
Westermeyer Magic and Witchcraft
Four factors which influence our view
Witchcraft
Azande Witchcraft
Name of Oracle
- Cultural or subcultural factors... - Personal Characteristics…
- The ability the person to cause harm by means of a personal…
- Passed Down from parent to child of same sex... - Not whether…
Benge.
Four factors which influence our view
- Cultural or subcultural factors... - Personal Characteristics…
Witchcraft
- The ability the person to cause harm by means of a personal…
Anthropology Religion, Magic and Witchcraft
Acculturation
Achieved Status
Acrostic
Aerophone
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
A status that one has because of a factor other than automati…
A word that is derived from the first letter of a series of w…
A musical instrument in which air is blown across or into som…
Acculturation
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
Achieved Status
A status that one has because of a factor other than automati…
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft
Describe religion
Who coined the term from the natives p…
Describe Malinowski
Define magic
way of perceiving, understanding, explaining the... world;can th…
Malinowski
Created a functionalist school... Cultural institutions are lik…
A way of dealing with uncertainty, anxiety, forces beyond one…
Describe religion
way of perceiving, understanding, explaining the... world;can th…
Who coined the term from the natives p…
Malinowski
70 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion Final
Emile Durkheim
Arnold Van Gennep
Shiva
Rites of Passage
Believed that Religion is deeply tied with society. Social so…
Invented the term Rites of Passage
Opposites meet, destroys universe, represented as Lord of Dan…
rituals that mark the transition of an individual from 1 soci…
Emile Durkheim
Believed that Religion is deeply tied with society. Social so…
Arnold Van Gennep
Invented the term Rites of Passage
18 terms
Lecture 4: Magic and Witchcraft
women were witches bc they were "frail"
scottish witch hunt 1550-1700
witch hunters
kirk sessions, parish committees
witch hunters legit thought they were going after the devil
85% women, some males too!... -most witches were older and poor
men who had some power, propertied class, ruled localities of…
enforce godliness, no power for death penalty, but witches tr…
women were witches bc they were "frail"
witch hunters legit thought they were going after the devil
scottish witch hunt 1550-1700
85% women, some males too!... -most witches were older and poor
181 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Occult
Occult
COR
MK
Magic
means hidden; information that is hidden and known by a selec…
Council of Orthodox Rabbis; means Kosher
Montreal Kosher
stage magic; sleight of hand
Occult
means hidden; information that is hidden and known by a selec…
COR
Council of Orthodox Rabbis; means Kosher
32 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion (Test 1)
Animism
Animatism
Illness
Society
A belief in spirit beings, which are thought to animate nature.
A belief that the world is animated by impersonal supernatura…
A culturally made conception of how you are feeling.
A group of people who occupy a specific locality and share a…
Animism
A belief in spirit beings, which are thought to animate nature.
Animatism
A belief that the world is animated by impersonal supernatura…
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion - Final Exam
ritualized violence
demonization
dualism
remote future goals
a term that covers phenomena where religion is either the sub…
demonisation is the reinterpretation of polytheistic deities…
the division of something conceptually into two opposed or co…
global reach and lack of specific political program (clear en…
ritualized violence
a term that covers phenomena where religion is either the sub…
demonization
demonisation is the reinterpretation of polytheistic deities…
204 terms
Witchcraft Magic and religion Final
1.How does the devil target old women…
2.How would witches obtain or increase…
3. How did priest deal with witches an…
4. What is a prenda and what is its pu…
The devil was said to use economic hardships to attract old w…
It is believed that witches would have sexual relations with…
Priest who were seen as better because of their practice of c…
A prenda is an alter that channels and harnesses the power of…
1.How does the devil target old women…
The devil was said to use economic hardships to attract old w…
2.How would witches obtain or increase…
It is believed that witches would have sexual relations with…
Magic & Witchcraft Notecards
Four Theories of Magic
The Proto-Scientific Theory
The Philological Theory
The Psychological Theory
1.) The Proto-Scientific Theory... 2.) The Philological Theory…
- Sir James Frazier (1854-1941)... - The Golden Bough (1890)... -…
- Associated with Grimm Brothers (fairy tales, 19th cent.) (J…
Freud: Totem and Taboo (1913). Magic always satisfies the sam…
Four Theories of Magic
1.) The Proto-Scientific Theory... 2.) The Philological Theory…
The Proto-Scientific Theory
- Sir James Frazier (1854-1941)... - The Golden Bough (1890)... -…
Magic, Witchcraft and Religion Midterm 2
Altered states of consciousness
Ancestors
Ayahuasca (aka yage)
Burial
Any mental state that differs from a normal mental state.... In…
a deceased family member who has a continued existence and th…
from Quechua language, a psychoactive substance used for reli…
the most common disposal method of the body. Sometimes the bo…
Altered states of consciousness
Any mental state that differs from a normal mental state.... In…
Ancestors
a deceased family member who has a continued existence and th…
Magic, Witchcraft, & Religion (Exam 1)
Weltanschuung
Emic
Etic
Oglala
German philosophy - a comprehensive conception or image of th…
Trying to encapsulate how other cultures think (forgetting wh…
Description that can be applied across cultures (outside/deta…
The circle, an abstracted symbol understood to connect everyt…
Weltanschuung
German philosophy - a comprehensive conception or image of th…
Emic
Trying to encapsulate how other cultures think (forgetting wh…
78 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion Midterm Studyguide
Vodou
Manbo
Houngan
Lwa
Belief system deriving from West African polytheism, combinin…
Haitian priestess in voodoo.
Priest
Spirits of Haitian Voudu
Vodou
Belief system deriving from West African polytheism, combinin…
Manbo
Haitian priestess in voodoo.
27 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion
Bust of Nefertiti
Stela With Akhenaten
Colossal Statue of Akhenaten
Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut
From Amarna, NK, 18th dy, c.1350 BC
From Amarna, NK, 18th dy, c.1350 BC
From Thebes, NK, 18th dy, 1350 BC
At Deir el-Bahri, Thebes, NK, 18th dy, 1473-1483 BC
Bust of Nefertiti
From Amarna, NK, 18th dy, c.1350 BC
Stela With Akhenaten
From Amarna, NK, 18th dy, c.1350 BC
Magic, Witchcraft and Religion Final
Abrahamic Religions
Acculturation
Agnosticism
Anomie
Judaism... Christianity... Islam
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
The idea that the existence of a god is unknowable, that it i…
• Increasing or rapid changes in a society can produce a stat…
Abrahamic Religions
Judaism... Christianity... Islam
Acculturation
The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant…
The Anthropology of Magic, Religion and Witchcraft Chapter 10: Witchcraft
Witchcraft
Heresay
Inquisitions
Eucharist
The ability of a person to cause harm by means of a personal…
Crimes against God.
A unit of the Roman Catholic Church that convened to judge ca…
A Christian sacrament that commemorates Jesus Christ's last s…
Witchcraft
The ability of a person to cause harm by means of a personal…
Heresay
Crimes against God.
27 terms
Anthropology - Magic, witchcraft, and religion midterm
What is Religion?
Supernatural
what is magic?
what is witchcraft?
set of beliefs and practices pertaining to supernatural being…
a force or existence that transcends the natural
a ritual practice believed to compel the supernatural to act…
evil power inherent in certain individuals that permits them,…
What is Religion?
set of beliefs and practices pertaining to supernatural being…
Supernatural
a force or existence that transcends the natural
Witchcraft, Magic and Belief - UEA
Malleus Maleficarum year
Malleus Maleficarum reach
Malleus Maleficarum background
Malleus Maleficarum content
1487
published around 34 different times across several countries
Kramer - monk turned inquisitor, looked for heretics... Springer…
defined what a witch was... -usually a woman who works with/for…
Malleus Maleficarum year
1487
Malleus Maleficarum reach
published around 34 different times across several countries
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion - Exam 2
The Vedas
Karma
Dharma
Aspect
Earliest sacred text written in Sanskrit called "Vedas", and…
An individual's behavior or force of action that generates th…
Order of the universe, goodness of the universe, rules of the…
A different version of the same god
The Vedas
Earliest sacred text written in Sanskrit called "Vedas", and…
Karma
An individual's behavior or force of action that generates th…
209 terms
Anth 4340: Magic, Witchcraft and Religion
Ethnocentirism
Religion
Dichotomy
Identifying the Supernatural
Evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions orig…
A system of beliefs and practices usually involving the worsh…
A division or contrast between two things that are represente…
What we consider as supernatural, others may not (water babies)
Ethnocentirism
Evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions orig…
Religion
A system of beliefs and practices usually involving the worsh…
41 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Chapter 1
Horiculture
Pastoral nomads
Human Universal
Ethnographer
Cultivation in which hand tools are powered by human muscles:…
Herding domesticated animals
Characteristics that are found in all human societies
A person who produces ethnography
Horiculture
Cultivation in which hand tools are powered by human muscles:…
Pastoral nomads
Herding domesticated animals
Witchcraft Magical Self-Protection
1
2
3
4
Nail a Horshoe above the front door
Place a witch ball a glass sphere filled with colored stones…
Paint a hex (anti-witch symbol)on barn doors
Parsley planted around the house foundation protects it from…
1
Nail a Horshoe above the front door
2
Place a witch ball a glass sphere filled with colored stones…
28 terms
Magic and Witchcraft + Art, Society, & Culture
Imitative Language
Contagious Magic
Divinations
Witchcraft
like produces like... eg: voodoo dolls
things once in contact can influence on another after separat…
magical procedure for determining the cause of a particular e…
certain individuals possess an innate psychic power capable o…
Imitative Language
like produces like... eg: voodoo dolls
Contagious Magic
things once in contact can influence on another after separat…
70 terms
Magic, Witchcraft, and Religion Final Exam
Holism
Emic Perspective
Etic Perspective
Monotheism
study of human societies as systematic sums of their parts, a…
attempting to see the world through the eyes of the people be…
using concepts that were developed outside of the culture
a belief in one god
Holism
study of human societies as systematic sums of their parts, a…
Emic Perspective
attempting to see the world through the eyes of the people be…
Magic Witchcraft & Religion Exam 2
alpha male
analysis
courtship display
deception
dominant member of a mammalian social group
cognitive ability that identifies the various parts that make…
behavior that indicates that an individual is ready to mate
type of display in which an animal communicates an "erroneous…
alpha male
dominant member of a mammalian social group
analysis
cognitive ability that identifies the various parts that make…
29 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Exam 1 Questions
In what subfields is the Anthropology…
What is the main goal of the Anthropol…
How far back does the evidence of reli…
What is Edward Taylor's definition of…
Socio-cultural or Ethnology.
Main goal is to document and understand religious diversity.
Religion goes back to the Neanderthal times, between 40,000 -…
Belief in spirit beings.
In what subfields is the Anthropology…
Socio-cultural or Ethnology.
What is the main goal of the Anthropol…
Main goal is to document and understand religious diversity.
12 terms
Ch.2 Anthropology of Myths, Magic, and Witchcraft
myth
worldview
folktale
legends
a sacred story that provides the basis for religious beliefs…
the way in which a society perceives and interprets reality
a traditional story that is part of the tradition of a societ…
a traditional story about past events that is considered to b…
myth
a sacred story that provides the basis for religious beliefs…
worldview
the way in which a society perceives and interprets reality
29 terms
Religion, Magic and Witchcraft: Exam 1 Questions
In what subfields is the Anthropology…
What is the main goal of the Anthropol…
How far back does the evidence of reli…
What is Edward Taylor's definition of…
Socio-cultural or Ethnology.
Main goal is to document and understand religious diversity.
Religion goes back to the Neanderthal times, between 40,000 -…
Belief in spirit beings.
In what subfields is the Anthropology…
Socio-cultural or Ethnology.
What is the main goal of the Anthropol…
Main goal is to document and understand religious diversity.
41 terms
Ch. 1 Anthropology of Myths, Magic, Witchcraft
anthropology
holism
four fields of anthropology
physical anthropology
integrated study of humanity
anthropological approach that studies human societies as syst…
physical, archaeology, linguistic, and cultural
study of human biology and evolution
anthropology
integrated study of humanity
holism
anthropological approach that studies human societies as syst…
Anthropology of Magic, Witchcraft and Religion Exam 1
Anthropology may be best defined as
Anthropology offers a valuable way to…
The practice of comparing a number of…
What are the three basic components of…
The scholarly study of human beings
Scientific; humanistic
Ethnology
Behavioral, ideational, and material
Anthropology may be best defined as
The scholarly study of human beings
Anthropology offers a valuable way to…
Scientific; humanistic
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